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Christian Rupp, Alexander Rössler, Taotao Zhou, Conrad Rauber, Kilian Friedrich, Andreas Wannhoff, Karl-Heinz Weiss, Peter Sauer, Peter Schirmacher, Caner Süsal, Wolfgang Stremmel, Daniel N Gotthardt
Background: The median age of diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is ∼30-40 years. Objective: We aimed to analyse disease progression and liver-dependent survival in patients diagnosed with PSC after 50 years of age. Methods: Patients with PSC were analysed with regard to their age at diagnosis. Patients with a first diagnosis of PSC after the age of 50 years were considered as the late-onset group. Results: A total of 32/215 (14...
March 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
L Xie, W J Hu, B R Liu
The accumulation of genomic and epigenetic changes gives rise to the tumorigenesis and progression. Currently, clonal evolution model and cancer stem cell model, two leading theories of caner origin, are becoming complementary to one another to explain the nature of tumor heterogeneity. Precision medicine that is based on the next generation sequencing and big data describes the phenomena of tumor heterogeneity more precisely. The future cancer therapy may need more comprehensive and dynamical understandings of the distinct subclones of tumor and follow the trends of cancer evolution...
February 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Jimmy Yu Wai Chan, Stanley Thian Sze Wong, William Ignace Wei
BACKGROUND: To investigate the role of indocyanine green (ICG) lymphangiography in the reduction of drainage after neck dissection. METHODS: Patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma were randomized into Group A (study group) and Group B (control). In the study group, upon the completion of neck dissection, a total of 2.5 mg of ICG was injected submucosally at the four quadrants around the tumour. Another 2.5 mg of ICG was injected subdermally in the groin bilaterally...
March 2018: Oral Oncology
Burcin Karabey, Didem Eroglu, Caner Vural, Guven Ozdemir, Oktay Yerlikaya, Ozer Kinik
In this study, it was aimed to determine microbial flora members in three traditional Tulum cheeses (C1, C2 and C3) produced in different villages and settlement areas in İzmir, Turkey. For this purpose, culture depended and 16S rRNA based culture independent methods were used. According to the results of culture depended method, Lactococcus spp., Enterococcus spp., Staphylococcus spp., Lactobacillus spp., Pediococcus spp. and yeast-mold were detected in all samples at different levels. In order to determine and identify both of the culturable and non-culturable microorganisms, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) method was used...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Berk Arapi, Burcu Bayoğlu, Müjgan Cengiz, Ahmet Dirican, Serkan Burç Deser, Yerik Junusbekov, Caner Arslan
BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenosis (CAS) is the atherosclerotic narrowing of the proximal internal carotid artery (ICA) and one of the main causes of stroke. Elevated expression of the pleiotropic proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-18 (IL18), has been shown in human atherosclerotic plaques. AIMS: To investigate whether IL18 and interleukin-18 binding protein (IL18BP) mRNA expression and IL18 -137 G/C (rs187238) variants are associated with CAS development. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study...
February 27, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Christian Wöber, Çiçek Wöber-Bingöl, Derya Uluduz, Tuna Stefan Aslan, Uğur Uygunoglu, Ahmet Tüfekçi, Selen Ilhan Alp, Taşkın Duman, Fidan Sürgün, Gülser Karadaban Emir, Caner Feyzi Demir, Ferhat Balgetir, Yeliz Bahar Özdemir, Tanja Auer, Aksel Siva, Timothy J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Headache is a leading disabler in adults worldwide. In children and adolescents, the same may be true but the evidence is much poorer. It is notable that published epidemiological studies of these age groups have largely ignored headaches not fulfilling any specific set of ICHD criteria, although such headaches appear to be common. A new approach to these is needed: here we introduce, and investigate, a diagnostic category termed "undifferentiated headache" (UdH), defined in young people as recurrent mild-intensity headache of < 1 h's duration...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
İkbal Seza Petriçli, Caner Kara, Nihal Demirel, Dilek Ulubaş Işık, Ahmet Yağmur Baş
Background/aim: This study aimed to compare the incidence of any stage of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and type 1 ROP between extremely preterm multiple- and single-birth infants. Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, we included extremely preterm infants who were ≤27 weeks of gestational age at birth. The screened infants were divided into two groups: single and multiple births. The incidence of any stage of ROP and type 1 ROP was compared between the groups. Results: This study included 301 infants; 225 were in the single-birth group and 76 were in multiple-birth group...
February 23, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Jianwei Gao, Xiangyu Qiu, Xinying Li, Hang Fan, Fang Zhang, Tangfeng Lv, Yong Song
Exosomes are membrane-bound, virus-size vesicles present in circulating blood. Tumor cells are avid producers of exosomes, which are thought to mimic molecular features of parent tumor cells. T-cell Immunoglobulin- and Mucin-domain-containing molecule 3 (Tim-3) is one of the next generation immune checkpoints and can be activated by its ligand Galectin-9, negatively regulating anti-tumor immune response. However, the characteristics of plasma exosomal Tim-3/Galectin-9 (Exo-T/G) in cancer remained unknown. Our study aimed to investigate the expression patterns and clinical value of plasma exosomal total protein (Exo-pro) and Exo-T/G in non-small cell lung caner (NSCLC)...
February 13, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Alexander Fichtner, Caner Süsal, Claudia Schröder, Britta Höcker, Susanne Rieger, Rüdiger Waldherr, Jens H Westhoff, Anja Sander, Duska Dragun, Burkhard Tönshoff
Background: We analysed in a carefully phenotyped cohort of paediatric patients the association of serum angiotensin II type 1 receptor antibodies (AT1R-Ab) with specific histological lesions and with graft function and survival in conjunction with overall and complement-binding donor-specific human leucocyte antigen donor-specific antibodies (HLA-DSA). Methods: Sera of 62 patients at the time of renal graft biopsy for clinical indication >1 year post-transplant were assessed for AT1R-Ab by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and for DSA and C1q-fixing DSA by single-antigen bead technology...
February 12, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Asena Caner, Deniz Karaoğlan, Gülbiye Yaşar
The Turkish Health Transformation Program, initiated in 2003, has identified achieving universal access to health care as 1 of its main tenets. To date, substantial progress has been made toward universal health coverage. Service utilization statistics display an upward trend. In this study, we use official and nationally representative microdata collected by the Turkish Health Research Surveys to examine young children's (ages 0-5) utilization of health services. Children in this age group deserve special attention because adverse health conditions in early childhood are known to have long-time consequences...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Aynur Sahin, Suha Turkmen, Nizamettin Guzel, Ahmet Menteşe, Suleyman Turedi, Suleyman Caner Karahan, Esin Yulug, Selim Demir, Osman Aynaci, Orhan Deger, Abdulkadir Gunduz
OBJECTIVES: Delayed healing and non-union of fractures have a significant effect upon patient morbidity. Studies have therefore largely concentrated on accelerating fracture healing. This study was intended to compare the effect of "mad honey" and propolis on fracture healing using radiological and histopathological analysis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Femur fracture was surgically performed on 48 rats, followed by fixation. Animals were then divided into eight groups; two control groups (15- and 30-day) and six treatment groups (15- and 30-day normal honey, 15- and 30-day "mad honey" and 15- and 30-day propolis)...
February 11, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Suruchi Mittal, Nicola J Brown, Ingunn Holen
Numerous clinical and pre-clinical studies have provided ample evidence supporting that the tumor microenvironment plays a significant role during breast cancer development, progression and in determining the therapeutic response. Areas covered: This review focuses on the evolving concept of the microenvironment as the critical participant in each step of the multi-stage process of malignant progression. Currently, only a small number of molecules form part of routine molecular diagnostics in breast caner, but microenvironment-derived biomarkers are potential additions to existing predictive and prognostic marker panels...
February 9, 2018: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
Praveena S Thiagarajan, Maksim Sinyuk, Soumya M Turaga, Erin E Mulkearns-Hubert, James S Hale, Vinay Rao, Abeba Demelash, Caner Saygin, Arnab China, Tyler J Alban, Masahiro Hitomi, Luke A Torre-Healy, Alvaro G Alvarado, Awad Jarrar, Andrew Wiechert, Valery Adorno-Cruz, Paul L Fox, Benjamin C Calhoun, Jun-Lin Guan, Huiping Liu, Ofer Reizes, Justin D Lathia
Tumors adapt their phenotypes during growth and in response to therapies through dynamic changes in cellular processes. Connexin proteins enable such dynamic changes during development, and their dysregulation leads to disease states. The gap junction communication channels formed by connexins have been reported to exhibit tumor-suppressive functions, including in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, we find that connexin 26 (Cx26) is elevated in self-renewing cancer stem cells (CSCs) and is necessary and sufficient for their maintenance...
February 8, 2018: Nature Communications
Caner Süsal, Antonij Slavcev, Lien Pham, Martin Zeier, Christian Morath
In the present review, we discuss a possible central role of T cell help in severe forms of graft damage mediated by donor-specific HLA antibodies (DSA). Some kidney transplant recipients with pretransplant DSA show a high graft failure rate, whereas in other patients DSA do not harm the transplanted kidney and in most cases disappear shortly after transplantation. Analyzing 80 desensitized highly immunized kidney transplant recipients and another multicenter cohort of 385 patients with pretransplant HLA antibodies, we reported recently that an ongoing T-cell help from an activated immune system, as measured by an increased level of soluble CD30 in serum, might be necessary for the DSA to exert a deleterious effect...
February 6, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Reyhan Yaka, Ayşegül Birand, Yasemin Yılmaz, Ceren Caner, Sinan Can Açan, Sidar Gündüzalp, Poorya Parvizi, Aslı Erim Özdoğan, İnci Togan, Mehmet Somel
OBJECTIVES: North Mesopotamia has witnessed dramatic social change during the Holocene, but the impact of these events on its demographic history is poorly understood. Here, we study this question by analysing genetic data from the recently excavated Late Iron Age settlement of Çemialo Sırtı in Batman, southeast Turkey. Archaeological and radiocarbon evidence indicate that the site was inhabited during the second and first millennia BCE. Çemialo Sırtı reveals nomadic items of the Early Iron Age, as well as items associated with the Late Achaemenid and subsequent Hellenistic Periods...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Ramazan Bal, Gurkan Ozturk, Ebru Onalan Etem, Aydin Him, Nurattin Cengiz, Tuncay Kuloglu, Mehmet Tuzcu, Caner Yildirim, Ahmet Tektemur
Major voltage-activated ionic channels of stellate cells in the ventral part of cochlear nucleus (CN) were largely characterized previously. However, it is not known if these cells are equipped with other ion channels apart from the voltage-sensitive ones. In the current study, it was aimed to study subunit composition and function of ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP) in stellate cells of the ventral cochlear nucleus. Subunits of KATP channels, Kir6.1, Kir6.2, SUR1, and SUR2, were expressed at the mRNA level and at the protein level in the mouse VCN tissue...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Membrane Biology
Noémi Janszky, Caner Süsal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2017: Transplantation Reviews
Yusuf Özlülerden, Cihan Toktaş, Ali Ersin Zümrütbaş, Mehmet Caner Gülten, Aykut Başer, Onur Yapıcı, Zafer Aybek
Purpose: The main objective of this study was to reveal the relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and post-void residual (PVR) urine volume. Materials and Methods: Between October 2014 and February 2015, older than 40 years patients were included in this study. Volunteers filled out a questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics, comorbidities, medications, history of surgery and LUTS. Volunteers were undergone PVR measurement with transabdominal ultrasonography...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Caner Saygin, Cassandra Hirsch, Bartlomiej Przychodzen, Mikkael A Sekeres, Betty K Hamilton, Matt Kalaycio, Hetty E Carraway, Aaron T Gerds, Sudipto Mukherjee, Aziz Nazha, Ronald Sobecks, Christopher Goebel, Donna Abounader, Jaroslaw P Maciejewski, Anjali S Advani
Intermediate-risk acute myeloid leukemia (IR-AML) is a clinically heterogeneous disease, for which optimal post-remission therapy is debated. The utility of next-generation sequencing information in decision making for IR-AML has yet to be elucidated. We retrospectively studied 100 IR-AML patients, defined by European Leukemia Net classification, who had mutational information at diagnosis, received intensive chemotherapy and achieved complete remission (CR) at Cleveland Clinic (CC). The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data were used for validation...
January 10, 2018: Blood Cancer Journal
Naheed Parveen, Raheel Sikander, Majida, Shaheen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency and spectrum of different types of gynecological malignancies. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, from January 2014 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: All patients with gynecological malignancies, admitted at the study place, whether previously diagnosed or need to establish the diagnosis on the basis of EUA, biopsy, staging and for surgery during the study period were included...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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