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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922376/news-trends-and-web-search-query-of-hiv-aids-in-hong-kong
#1
Alice P Y Chiu, Qianying Lin, Daihai He
BACKGROUND: The HIV epidemic in Hong Kong has worsened in recent years, with major contributions from high-risk subgroup of men who have sex with men (MSM). Internet use is prevalent among the majority of the local population, where they sought health information online. This study examines the impacts of HIV/AIDS and MSM news coverage on web search query in Hong Kong. METHODS: Relevant news coverage about HIV/AIDS and MSM from January 1st, 2004 to December 31st, 2014 was obtained from the WiseNews databse...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922040/professional-generational-and-gender-differences-in-perception-of-organisational-values-among-israeli-physicians-and-nurses-implications-for-retention
#2
Sigalit Warshawski, Sivia Barnoy, Ilya Kagan
The global health workforce today is more age diverse than ever before and spans three generations: baby boomers, X and Y generations. Each generation has a distinct set of characteristics, values, and beliefs. This diversity can lead to increased creativity and a greater richness of values and skills, but at the same time it can also lead to value clashes, disrespect, and conflicts. This study aimed to examine professional, generational, and gender differences in the perception of the importance of organisational values among nurses and physicians working in both hospitals and outpatient clinics in Israel...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921714/fetal-microchimerism-in-human-brain-tumors
#3
Lauren Broestl, Joshua B Rubin, Sonika Dahiya
Sex differences in cancer incidence and survival, including central nervous system tumors, are well documented. Multiple mechanisms contribute to sex differences in health and disease. Recently, the presence of fetal-in-maternal microchimeric cells has been shown to have prognostic significance in breast and colorectal cancers. The frequency and potential role of these cells has not been investigated in brain tumors. We therefore selected two common primary adult brain tumors for this purpose: meningioma, which is sex hormone responsive and has a higher incidence in women, and glioblastoma, which is sex hormone independent and occurs more commonly in men...
September 18, 2017: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921390/the-state-of-men-s-health-services-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#4
REVIEW
Michael Fenstermaker, Sujay Paknikar, Amarnath Rambhatla, Dana A Ohl, Ted A Skolarus, James M Dupree
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For many diseases that place a large burden on our health care system, men often have worse health outcomes than women. As the largest single provider of health care to men in the USA, the Veterans Health Administration (VA) has the potential to serve as leader in the delivery of improved men's health care to address these disparities. RECENT FINDINGS: The VA system has made recent strides in improving benefits for aspects of men's health that are traditionally poorly covered, such as treatment for male factor infertility...
September 18, 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920756/sleep-disturbance-as-a-clinical-sign-for-severe-hypogonadism-efficacy-of-testosterone-replacement-therapy-on-sleep-disturbance-among-hypogonadal-men-without-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Kazuyoshi Shigehara, Hiroyuki Konaka, Kazuhiro Sugimoto, Takahiro Nohara, Koji Izumi, Yoshifumi Kadono, Mikio Namiki, Atsushi Mizokami
OBJECTIVE: The present subanalysis of the EARTH study investigates the effects of one year testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) on sleep disturbance among hypogonadal men without obstructive sleep apnea. METHODS: Sleep disturbance was defined as three or more points in question 4 of the aging males symptoms (AMS) questionnaire. All participants completed the AMS scale, International Prostatic Symptoms Score (IPSS), Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) and Short Form 36 (SF-36) health survey at baseline and after 12 months...
September 18, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919840/leptin-independently-predicts-development-of-sepsis-and-its-outcome
#6
Sofie Jacobsson, Peter Larsson, Göran Johansson, Margareta Norberg, Göran Wadell, Göran Hallmans, Ola Winsö, Stefan Söderberg
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a life-threatening condition and obesity is related to the clinical outcome. The underlying reasons are incompletely understood, but the adipocyte derived hormones leptin and adiponectin may be involved. METHODS: Patients aged 18 years or more with documented first time sepsis events were included in a nested case-referent study if they had participated in previous health surveys. Two matched referents free of known sepsis were identified...
2017: Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919795/type-2-diabetes-in-vietnam-a-cross-sectional-prevalence-based-cost-of-illness-study
#7
Nguyen Tu Dang Le, Luyen Dinh Pham, Trung Quang Vo
BACKGROUND: According to the International Diabetes Federation, total global health care expenditures for diabetes tripled between 2003 and 2013 because of increases in the number of people with diabetes as well as in the average expenditures per patient. This study aims to provide accurate and timely information about the economic impacts of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Vietnam. METHOD: The cost-of-illness estimates followed a prospective, prevalence-based approach from the societal perspective of T2DM with 392 selected diabetic patients who received treatment from a public hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, during the 2016 fiscal year...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919725/correlations-between-satisfaction-with-life-and-selected-personal-resources-among-students-of-universities-of-the-third-age
#8
Halina Zielińska-Więczkowska
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to identify personal resources, including health-related resources, sense of self-efficacy, attitude to life (optimism/pessimism) and self-assessment, and to determine their relationship with satisfaction with life in members of the Universities of the Third Age (U3As) in Poland. The impact of sociodemographic factors was analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 320 participants of U3As; their mean age was 67.5 years and the vast majority of them were women (92...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919592/the-study-on-the-lives-and-health-conditions-of-internees-in-santo-thomas-camp-of-philippines-based-on-mcanlis-s-the-war-in-manila-1941-1945
#9
Jueyeon Lee, Youngsoo Cho
When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929)...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919303/acquisition-of-wild-type-hiv-1-infection-in-a-patient-on-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-with-high-intracellular-concentrations-of-tenofovir-diphosphate-a-case-report
#10
Elske Hoornenborg, Maria Prins, Roel C A Achterbergh, Lycke R Woittiez, Marion Cornelissen, Suzanne Jurriaans, Neeltje A Kootstra, Peter L Anderson, Peter Reiss, Henry J C de Vries, Jan M Prins, Godelieve J de Bree
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate is highly effective against acquisition of HIV infection, and only two cases of infection with a multidrug-resistant virus have been reported under adequate long-term adherence, as evidenced by tenofovir diphosphate concentrations in dried blood spots. We report a case of wild-type HIV-1 infection despite consistent use of emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. METHODS: The patient participated in the Amsterdam PrEP project, a demonstration project of daily and event-driven PrEP...
September 14, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919119/global-regional-and-national-comparative-risk-assessment-of-84-behavioural-environmental-and-occupational-and-metabolic-risks-or-clusters-of-risks-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#11
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of risk factor exposure and attributable burden of disease. By providing estimates over a long time series, this study can monitor risk exposure trends critical to health surveillance and inform policy debates on the importance of addressing risks in context. METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of GBD to estimate levels and trends in exposure, attributable deaths, and attributable disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), by age group, sex, year, and location for 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks from 1990 to 2016...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919118/global-regional-and-national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-333-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-for-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Measurement of changes in health across locations is useful to compare and contrast changing epidemiological patterns against health system performance and identify specific needs for resource allocation in research, policy development, and programme decision making. Using the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016, we drew from two widely used summary measures to monitor such changes in population health: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE)...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919117/global-regional-and-national-incidence-prevalence-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-328-diseases-and-injuries-for-195-countries-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: As mortality rates decline, life expectancy increases, and populations age, non-fatal outcomes of diseases and injuries are becoming a larger component of the global burden of disease. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for 328 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016. METHODS: We estimated prevalence and incidence for 328 diseases and injuries and 2982 sequelae, their non-fatal consequences...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919116/global-regional-and-national-age-sex-specific-mortality-for-264-causes-of-death-1980-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) by age, sex, geography, and year...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919115/global-regional-and-national-under-5-mortality-adult-mortality-age-specific-mortality-and-life-expectancy-1970-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#15
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Detailed assessments of mortality patterns, particularly age-specific mortality, represent a crucial input that enables health systems to target interventions to specific populations. Understanding how all-cause mortality has changed with respect to development status can identify exemplars for best practice. To accomplish this, the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) estimated age-specific and sex-specific all-cause mortality between 1970 and 2016 for 195 countries and territories and at the subnational level for the five countries with a population greater than 200 million in 2016...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918976/validation-of-a-portuguese-version-of-the-health-related-quality-of-life-measure-for-active-chronic-otitis-media-comq-12
#16
Anna Carolina Oliveira Fonseca, Pedro Ramos, Fernando A Balsalobre, Edson L Freitas, John S Phillips, Matthew W Yung, Ricardo F Bento
INTRODUCTION: Measuring the impact on quality of life, especially after the beginning of the treatment, is becoming increasingly important in healthcare. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate the Chronic Otitis Media Questionnaire-12 (COMQ-12) into Portuguese language and validate this version in a group of patients with chronic otitis media. METHODS: The Portuguese version of COMQ-12 was obtained by translation and back translation...
September 1, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918836/role-of-microalbuminuria-in-predicting-cardiovascular-mortality-in-individuals-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism
#17
Tushar A Tuliani, Maithili Shenoy, Kevin Belgrave, Abhishek Deshmukh, Sadip Pant, Anthony Hilliard, Luis Afonso
PURPOSE: Studies suggest that subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is related to cardiovascular mortality (CVM). We explored the role of microalbuminuria (MIA) as a predictor of long-term CVM in population with and without SCH with normal kidney function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the National Health and Nutrition Education Survey - III database (n = 6,812). Individuals younger than 40 years, thyroid-stimulating hormone levels ≥20 and ≤0.35mIU/L, estimated glomerular filtration rate <60mL/minute/1...
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918090/sex-differences-in-outcomes-after-stroke-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-ontario-canada
#18
Mandip S Dhamoon, John W Liang, Limei Zhou, Melissa Stamplecoski, Moira K Kapral, Baiju R Shah
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after stroke in those with diabetes are not well characterized, especially by sex and age. We sought to calculate the sex- and age-specific risk of cardiovascular outcomes after ischemic stroke among those with diabetes. METHODS: Using population-based demographic and administrative health-care databases in Ontario, Canada, all patients with diabetes hospitalized with index ischemic stroke between April 1, 2002, and March 31, 2012, were followed for death, stroke, and myocardial infarction (MI)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917622/does-gender-matter-an-analysis-of-men-s-and-women-s-accounts-of-responding-to-symptoms-of-lung-cancer
#19
Alice MacLean, Kate Hunt, Sarah Smith, Sally Wyke
Men are often portrayed - in research studies, 'common-sense' accounts and popular media - as reluctant users of health services. They are said to avoid going to the GP whenever possible, while women are portrayed, in presumed opposition, as consulting more readily, more frequently and with less serious complaints. Such stereotypes may inadvertently encourage doctors to pay greater heed to men's symptoms in 'routine' consultations. Although previous research has challenged this view with evidence, and suggested that links between gender identities and help-seeking are complex and fluid, gender comparative studies remain uncommon, and particularly few studies (either qualitative or quantitative) compare men and women with similar morbidity...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916888/hiv-testing-among-foreign-born-men-and-women-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Eduardo Valverde, Elizabeth DiNenno, Emeka Oraka, Gregory Bautista, Pollyanna Chavez
HIV disproportionately affects the foreign-born population in the United States. This analysis describes the prevalence of ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born individuals residing in the United States. Data from a national health survey of the civilian, non-institutionalized population was used to describe prevalence of ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born individuals by birth place. Multivariate logistic-regression procedures were used to determine factors associated with ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born men and women...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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