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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025310/depression-management-interests-among-alaska-native-and-american-indian-adults-in-primary-care
#1
Jaedon P Avey, Lisa G Dirks, Denise A Dillard, Spero M Manson, Melissa Merrick, Julia J Smith, Guilford C Prickette, Sonda Tetpon, Donna Galbreath, Brianna Triplett, Renee F Robinson
BACKGROUND: Depression remains the second leading cause of disability worldwide. Symptoms of depression are expressed and experienced differently across cultural groups, impacting treatment decisions. Patient preferences predict service utilization, treatment selection and persistence, as well as health outcomes for medical and behavioral health conditions, including depression. We identified depression management preferences of Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) people who receive care within a comprehensive, integrated, tribally owned and operated healthcare facility in Anchorage, Alaska...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025243/concentrations-of-vanadium-in-urine-and-seminal-plasma-in-relation-to-semen-quality-parameters-spermatozoa-dna-damage-and-serum-hormone-levels
#2
Yi-Xin Wang, Heng-Gui Chen, Xian-Dong Li, Ying-Jun Chen, Chong Liu, Wei Feng, Qiang Zeng, Peng Wang, An Pan, Wen-Qing Lu
Widespread human exposure to vanadium has been well documented. Vanadium exposure was reported to induce male reproductive toxicity in toxicological studies, yet human epidemiologic studies are lacking. Here we determined the associations between environmental exposure to vanadium and semen quality, spermatozoa DNA damage and serum reproductive hormones. Concentrations of vanadium in seminal plasma and repeated urine samples were determined among 764 men recruited from a reproductive medicine centre. Associations of vanadium concentrations with semen quality parameters (n = 764), DNA integrity measures (n = 404) and serum reproductive hormones (n = 381) were assessed by logistic or linear regression models with adjustment for potential confounders...
July 16, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025199/use-of-5%C3%AE-reductase-inhibitors-for-benign-prostate-hypertrophy-and-risk-of-high-grade-prostate-cancer-a-french-population-based-study
#3
Lucie-Marie Scailteux, Nathalie Rioux-Leclercq, Sébastien Vincendeau, Frédéric Balusson, Emmanuel Nowak, Emmanuel Oger
BACKGROUND: To assess the association between 5α-reductase inhibitor (5-ARI) use and high grade (Gleason score 8-10) prostate cancer. METHODS: We set up a population-based nested matched case-control study using the French Health Insurance Database linked to data from all Brittany (France) path labs. Among 74,596 men with ≥ 1 drug reimbursement for symptomatic benign prostate hypertrophy between January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2011, 767 incident prostate cancer cases between January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2013 were matched on age and delay between the first observed delivery of drug for benign prostate hypertrophy (5-ARI, alpha-blockers or phytotherapy) and diagnostic date of the case to five controls, using an incidence density sampling design...
July 19, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024946/informal-caregiving-and-markers-of-adiposity-in-the-uk-household-longitudinal-study
#4
Rebecca E Lacey, Anne McMunn, Elizabeth Webb
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate associations between caregiving and adiposity using a representative UK longitudinal study. We also investigated whether associations differed by age, gender and caregiving characteristics. METHODS: Data on 9,421 participants aged 16+ from three waves (2009-2012) of the UK Household Longitudinal Study were used. Body mass index, waist circumference and percentage body fat were assessed. Caregiving and caregiving characteristics (hours per week, number of people cared for, co-resident caregiving and combining working and caregiving) was available from the prior wave...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024864/hiv-testing-linkage-to-hiv-medical-care-and-interviews-for-partner-services-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-non-health-care-facilities-20-southern-u-s-jurisdictions-2016
#5
Mariette Marano, Renee Stein, Wei Song, Deesha Patel, Nicole Taylor-Aidoo, Songli Xu, Lamont Scales
Identifying HIV-infected persons who are unaware of their human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection status, linking them to care, and reducing health disparities are important national HIV prevention goals (1). Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (collectively referred to as MSM) accounted for 70% of HIV infection diagnoses in the United States in 2016, despite representing only 2% of the population (2,3). African American or black (black) MSM accounted for 38% of all new diagnoses of HIV infection among MSM (2)...
July 20, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024804/evaluating-public-health-interventions-8-causal-inference-for-time-invariant-interventions
#6
Donna Spiegelman, Xin Zhou
We provide an overview of classical and newer methods for the control of confounding of time-invariant interventions to permit causal inference in public health evaluations. We estimated the causal effect of gender on all-cause mortality in a large HIV care and treatment program supported by the President's Emergency Program for AIDS Relief in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, between 2004 and 2012. We compared results from multivariable modeling, three propensity score methods, inverse-probability weighting, doubly robust methods, and targeted maximum likelihood estimation...
July 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024797/risk-of-police-involved-death-by-race-ethnicity-and-place-united-states-2012-2018
#7
Frank Edwards, Michael H Esposito, Hedwig Lee
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the risk of mortality from police homicide by race/ethnicity and place in the United States. METHODS: We used novel data on police-involved fatalities and Bayesian models to estimate mortality risk for Black, Latino, and White men for all US counties by Census division and metropolitan area type. RESULTS: Police kill, on average, 2.8 men per day. Police were responsible for about 8% of all homicides with adult male victims between 2012 and 2018...
July 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024461/what-are-the-reference-values-and-associated-factors-for-center-edge-angle-and-alpha-angle-a-population-based-study
#8
Cornelius Sebastian Fischer, Jens-Peter Kühn, Till Ittermann, Carsten-Oliver Schmidt, Denis Gümbel, Richard Kasch, Matthias Frank, René Laqua, Peter Hinz, Jörn Lange
BACKGROUND: The available evidence regarding normal ranges for the center-edge angle and the alpha angle derives from a few small studies, and associated factors such as sex and anthropometric factors have not been well evaluated. Knowing more about normal values for these parameters is critical, because this can inform decisions about when to perform elective hip preservation surgery. Population-level studies would provide considerable clarity on these issues, but to our knowledge, no such studies are available...
July 13, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024339/repeated-exposure-to-heat-stress-induces-mitochondrial-adaptation-in-human-skeletal-muscle
#9
Paul Samuel Hafen, Coray N Preece, Jacob R Sorensen, Chad R Hancock, Robert D Hyldahl
The heat stress response is associated with several beneficial adaptations that promote cell health and survival. Specifically, in vitro and animal investigations suggest that repeated exposures to a mild heat stress (~40{degree sign}C) elicits positive mitochondrial adaptations in skeletal muscle comparable to those observed with exercise. To assess whether such adaptations translate to human skeletal muscle, we produced local, deep tissue heating of the vastus lateralis via pulsed shortwave diathermy in 20 men (n=10) and women (n=10)...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024296/substance-use-patterns-of-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-the-momentum-health-study
#10
Eric Abella Roth, Zishan Cui, Lu Wang, Heather L Armstrong, Ashleigh J Rich, Nathan J Lachowsky, Paul Sereda, Kiffer G Card, Jody Jollimore, Terry Howard, Gbolahan Olarewaju, David M Moore, Robert S Hogg
Research with male sexual minorities frequently combines gay and bisexual men as Men Who Have Sex with Men or Gay and Bisexual Men. When analyzed separately, bisexual men consistently feature negative health differentials, exemplified by higher substance use levels. This interpretation is not clear-cut because studies may combine bisexual men and women, use different dimensions of sexual orientation to define bisexuality, and/or not consider number of sexual partners as a possible confounding factor. This study conducted separate bivariate and multivariate analyses comparing gay to bisexual Momentum Study participants based on self-identity, sexual attraction, and sexual behavior, while controlling for number of sexual partners and sociodemographic, psychosocial, and sexual behavior measures...
July 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024212/a-bias-for-action-in-cancer-screening
#11
Laura D Scherer, K D Valentine, Niraj Patel, S Glenn Baker, Angela Fagerlin
Research that has explored public enthusiasm for cancer screening has suggested that the public may be overly enthusiastic about being screened with certain tests, and this has been attributed, in part, to lack of knowledge about the risks and benefits. In this article the authors considered the possibility that some people may be enthusiastic about screening even when they are informed and also accept that the test unquestionably does not save lives. Two studies were conducted, one that involved a nationally representative U...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023351/epidemiological-characterization-of-the-2017-dengue-outbreak-in-zhejiang-china-and-molecular-characterization-of-the-viruses
#12
Hao Yan, Zheyuan Ding, Juying Yan, Wenwu Yao, Junhang Pan, Zhangnv Yang, Xiuyu Lou, Haiyan Mao, Junfen Lin, Jimin Sun, Juan Hou, Haocheng Wu, Chen Wu, Yanjun Zhang
Dengue, a mosquito-borne disease caused by the dengue virus (DV), has been recognized as a global public health threat. In 2017, an unexpected dengue outbreak occurred in Zhejiang, China. To clarify and characterize the causative agent of this outbreak, data on dengue fever cases were collected from the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention in Zhejiang province for subsequent epidemiological analysis. A total of 1,229 cases were reported, including 1,149 indigenous and 80 imported cases...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022964/do-implicit-motives-influence-perceived-chronic-stress-and-vital-exhaustion
#13
Jessica Schoch, Emilou Noser, Ulrike Ehlert
Vital exhaustion (VE) results from the experience of chronic stress. However, research on stress types and their relation to VE is rare. Moreover, the role of implicit motives in these processes has not yet been investigated. Analysis included 101 vitally exhausted men aged 40-65 years. Participants provided self-report data on their experience of chronic stress and social support. Subtypes of work-related and social stress were positively associated with VE. Implicit affiliation and achievement motives were linked to social support and chronic stress, and indirectly to VE...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022814/identification-of-the-drug-use-behaviors-of-the-elderly-living-in-nursing-homes
#14
Ayse Ferdane Oguzoncul, Emel Ercan, Evrim Celebi
Objective: As our society ages, the incidence of acute and chronic diseases increases, and so does chronic drug use and polypharmacy. This study was intended to examine the medication behaviors of the elderly who lived in the nursing homes in the Elazig and Malatya provinces, located in eastern Turkey, and in the Kayseri province located in Central Anatolia. Materials and methods: The population of this cross-sectional study included people over the age of 60 years (n=310) who lived in the nursing homes in the Elazig, Malatya, and Kayseri provinces...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022416/childbearing-motivations-and-desires-fertility-beliefs-and-contraceptive-use-among-urban-african-american-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-sti-histories
#15
Kamila A Alexander, Nancy Perrin, Jacky M Jennings, Jonathan Ellen, Maria Trent
This study explored the influence of STI history on childbearing motivations, fertility beliefs, current childbearing desires, and contraception use among urban African-American adolescents and young adults (AYA). Secondary data were from the Neighborhood Influences on Adolescent and Young Adult Health (NIAAH) study, conducted from 2004 to 2007. Sample included 517 AYA ages 15-24 years (male: n = 199, female: n = 318). Linear and logistic regression models examined gender differences in childbearing motivations (CBM) and desires, fertility beliefs, condom, and contraception use...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022369/exercise-habits-and-c-reactive-protein-may-predict-development-of-spinal-immobility-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#16
Björn Sundström, Lotta Ljung, Solveig Wållberg-Jonsson
To assess predictors for spinal immobility in a long-term clinical study of patients with AS, data from annual clinical measurements of spinal mobility in 54 patients (41 men, mean of age at end of follow-up 54.7 years) with ankylosing spondylitis were co-analysed with data regarding lifestyle factors as well as laboratory measurements from a previous cross-sectional study. Spinal immobility was graded on the basis of recently published age-, sex- and length-specific reference intervals. Exercise habits and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were independently associated with the development of subnormal spinal immobility (p = 0...
July 18, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022356/can-teenage-men-be-targeted-to-prevent-teenage-pregnancy-a-feasibility-cluster-randomised-controlled-intervention-trial-in-schools
#17
Maria Lohan, Áine Aventin, Mike Clarke, Rhonda M Curran, Clíona McDowell, Ashley Agus, Lisa McDaid, Chris Bonell, Honor Young
The World Health Organisation advocates a direct focus on adolescent men in reducing adolescent pregnancy; however, no trials have been conducted. This trial (ISRCTN11632300; NCT02092480) determines whether a novel Relationship and Sexuality Educational intervention, If I Were Jack, is acceptable and feasible to implement in mixed sex UK classrooms. The intervention is a teacher-delivered intervention that emphasises male alongside female  responsibility in preventing unintended pregnancies and is designed to prevent unprotected sex...
July 18, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022253/vitamin-d-and-omega-3-trial-vital-bone-health-ancillary-study-clinical-factors-associated-with-trabecular-bone-score-in-women-and-men
#18
A L Goldman, C M Donlon, N R Cook, J E Manson, J E Buring, T Copeland, C Y Yu, M S LeBoff
We investigated the association of clinical variables with TBS at baseline in the bone health sub-cohort of the VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL (VITAL). Lower TBS was associated with female sex, aging, BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 , SSRI use, high alcohol intake, and presence of diabetes; there was a trend towards significance between lower TBS and history of fragility fractures. INTRODUCTION: We investigated whether TBS differs by sex, race, body mass index (BMI), and other clinical variables. METHODS: The VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL (VITAL) is determining effects of vitamin D3 and/or omega-3 fatty acid (FA) supplements in reducing risks of cancer and cardiovascular disease...
July 18, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021923/circulating-adipocyte-fatty-acid-binding-protein-concentrations-predict-multiple-mortality-outcomes-among-men-and-women-with-diabetes
#19
EDITORIAL
Chi Ho Lee, Chloe Y Y Cheung, Yu Cho Woo, David T W Lui, Michele M A Yuen, Carol H Y Fong, Wing Sun Chow, Aimin Xu, Karen S L Lam
INTRODUCTION: Raised circulating adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (AFABP) concentrations are associated with various adverse health conditions. However, their relationship with mortality remains to be defined, especially in view of the sexual dimorphism of circulating AFABP concentrations. Here we investigated prospectively whether serum AFABP concentrations predict multiple mortality outcomes in men and women alike, using a large clinic-based cohort of individuals with type 2 diabetes, a condition with raised AFABP concentrations...
July 18, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021795/increasing-income-based-inequality-in-suicide-mortality-among-working-age-women-and-men-sweden-1990-2007-is-there-a-point-of-trend-change
#20
Ayako Hiyoshi, Naoki Kondo, Mikael Rostila
BACKGROUND: Income inequalities have risen from the 1990s to 2000s, following the economic recession in 1994, but little research has investigated socioeconomic inequalities in suicide mortality for working-age men and women (aged between 30 and 64 years) over the time using longitudinal data in Sweden. METHODS: Using Swedish national register data between 1990 and 2007 as a series of repeated cohort studies with a 3-year follow-up (sample sizes were approximately 3...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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