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Mens health

Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Sara J McLaughlin, Elena Urdaneta, Javier Yanguas
Purpose of the Study: Using an operational continuum of healthy aging developed by U.S. researchers, we sought to estimate the prevalence of healthy aging among older Spaniards, inform the development of a definition of healthy aging in Spain, and foster cross-national research on healthy aging. Design and Methods: The ELES pilot study is a nationwide, cross-sectional survey of community-dwelling Spaniards 50 years and older. The prevalence of healthy aging was calculated for the 65 and over population using varying definitions...
March 19, 2018: Gerontologist
M Malvezzi, G Carioli, P Bertuccio, P Boffetta, F Levi, C La Vecchia, E Negri
Background: We projected cancer mortality statistics for 2018 for the European Union (EU) and its six more populous countries, using the most recent available data. We focused on colorectal cancer. Materials and methods: We obtained cancer death certification data from stomach, colorectum, pancreas, lung, breast, uterus, ovary, prostate, bladder, leukaemia, and total cancers from the World Health Organisation database and projected population data from Eurostat...
March 19, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Talita Sousa Queiroz, Tania Cristina Morais Santa Barbara Rehem, Marina Morato Stival, Silvana Schwerz Funghetto, Luciano Ramos de Lima, Breno Guilherme Cardoso, Walterlânia Silva Santos
OBJECTIVE: To understand the care of elderly men with their own health. METHOD: A qualitative study with the participation of ten elderly men, through responses to the semi-structured interview guided by the "Tell me about your experiences of care with your health", carried out in a basic health unit, during the period of October-December 2014. The speeches, after being transcribed were submitted to content analysis. RESULTS: The ten interviewees were retired and had an average age of 67...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Ester do Nascimento Ribas, Elizabeth Bernardino, Liliana Muller Larocca, Paulo Poli Neto, Gisele Knop Aued, Camilla Pinheiro Cristaldi da Silva
OBJECTIVE: to identify the profile of the counter-referred patients by the "nurse liaison" and to describe the experience of the professionals who participated in the project. METHOD: intervention research, with twelve nursing nurses from a hospital and an Emergency Care Unit, and 26 nurses from Primary Health Care. Data were obtained through questionnaires and counter-referral forms. RESULTS: Out of 43 counter-referred individuals, 62...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Débora Cristina Martins Barbosa, Gabriela Ramos Furman, Aliny de Lima Santos, Carlos Alexandre Molena-Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of depression and to identify the main risk factors associated with depression in wives of convicted men. METHOD: Descriptive, cross - sectional, quantitative approach. The data were collected with 349 female partners of convicted patients in three penitentiaries in the state of Paraná, with a semistructured research, between January and June of 2016, being compiled in a database and analyzed using SPSS® 20.0 software. RESULTS: It was possible to identify vulnerability to depression among wives of convicted men, most were young and 42...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Viviane Gomes Parreira Dutra, Virgilio Augusto Gomes Parreira, Raphael Mendonça Guimarães
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is among the three most frequent neoplasms in Brazil, being a public health problem. OBJECTIVE: To describe distribution pattern of colorectal cancer mortality in Brazil and regions, according to sex, between 1996 and 2015. METHODS: Values of standardized and stratified mortality rates by sex between 1996 and 2015 were used, through polynomial regression models and joinpoint analysis. RESULTS: It was observed that, for linear trends in mortality rates, for both sexes, there is a statistically significant trend increasing in both models, with rates and trends, and higher for men than for women, respectively, 7...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Dayna A Johnson, Roland J Thorpe, John A McGrath, W Braxton Jackson, Chandra L Jackson
Housing environments can directly and indirectly affect sleep, and blacks are more likely than whites to live in suboptimal housing conditions, which may independently contribute to sleep disparities. However, few large-scale epidemiological studies consider the potential influence of housing type on sleep health. Using data from the 2004-2015 National Health Interview Survey, we investigated overall and Black-White differences in the association between housing type (house/apartment versus mobile home/trailer) and sleep duration as well as sleep difficulties among 226,208 adults in the U...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Evelyne Bougie, Dafna E Kohen
BACKGROUND: Although rates of daily smoking among Inuit have been decreasing since 1991, Inuit are still much more likely to smoke relative to the Canadian population as a whole. However, little population-based empirical research has identified characteristics associated with cigarette use among this population. DATA AND METHODS: Based on data from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey, sex-specific logistic regression analyses, informed by an Inuit social determinants of health framework, described associations between current smoking and selected socio-demographic characteristics among Inuit men and women aged 18 or older who resided in Inuit Nunangat...
March 21, 2018: Health Reports
Smit D Patel, Rupak Desai, Upenkumar Patel, Sandeep Singh, Zinal Patel, Neel Patel, Allan Zhang, Amruta H Panwala, Vinshi N Khan, Gagandeep Singh, Nihar Shah
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) and lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage (LGIH) are 2 of the most common reasons for hospital admissions across the United States. The 30-day readmission after index admission poses a major burden on the health care infrastructure, and thus, it is important to assess the causes of 30-day readmission for patients with UGIH and LGIH. METHODS: The study cohort was derived from the 2013 National Readmission Database...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Kelly J Chan, Divya Jolly, Jennifer J Liang, Jamie D Weinand, Joshua D Safer
OBJECTIVE: Existing transgender treatment guidelines suggest that for transmasculine treatment, there is a possible need for estrogen-lowering strategies adjunct to testosterone therapy. Further, guidelines advocate consideration of prophylactic female reproductive tissue surgeries for transgender men to avoid the possibility of estrogen-related health risks. Despite the paucity of objective data, some transgender men seek conversion inhibitors. We sought to determine estradiol levels in transgender men treated with testosterone therapy and the change in those levels with treatment, if any...
March 21, 2018: Endocrine Practice
Ellen G H M van den Heuvel, Jan M J M Steijns
The relevance of dairy produce for the diminishment of osteoporotic risk is still a matter of scientific debate due to the outcome of a few single observational studies. This review will address the most robust point estimate on the role of dairy products, as reported in systematic reviews and meta-analyses on randomised controlled trials in the case of bone mineralisation or prospective studies in the case of fracture risk. Plain dairy products or those fortified with Ca and/or vitamin D improve total body bone mineral content (BMC) by 45-50 g over 1 year when the daily baseline Ca intake is lower than 750 mg in Caucasians and Chinese girls...
March 21, 2018: Nutrition Research Reviews
Martina Larsson, Pollyanna Cohen, Gayle Hann, Sarah M Creighton, Deborah Hodes
This pilot study researched the attitudes towards and the knowledge of female genital mutilation (FGM) in adult women with FGM and their partners. The participant population consisted of English-speaking women and men over 18 years old attending specialist FGM clinics in two London hospitals. The participants completed a questionnaire on the attitudes and the knowledge of FGM, which were adapted with permission from the United Nations Children's Fund and the United States Agency for International Development household surveys...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Yutaka Yonezawa, Shigeo Horinaka, Chiaki Shirakawa, Yoshio Kogure
Direct oral anti-coagulants (DOACs) have been used in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF), and renal function evaluation using the CCr (Cockcroft-Gault) is recommended as a criterion for the reduction of DOAC. In contrast, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is usually used as an index of renal function in daily practice. We determined the age- and gender-specific prevalence rates of AF and whether CCr or eGFR was associated with the prevalence of AF. Data from the periodic health examinations of 108,951 subjects were collected...
March 20, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Johannes M Hugo, Kevin B Rebe, Evan Tsouroulis, Anthony Manion, Glenn de Swart, Helen Struthers, James A McIntyre
Chemsex is the colloquial term used for a specific pattern of drug use that is increasingly common among men who have sex with men (MSM) globally. The recreational substances employed are used specifically in a sexualized context. The reasons for chemsex among MSM are complex. The Anova Health Institute (Anova) provided harm-reduction services in Cape Town, South Africa in 2013 and 2014. This project, known as Tikking the Boxes had two objectives: first to provide direct harm-reduction services to drug-using MSM in Cape Town, South Africa, and second, to reduce HIV and hepatitis B and C transmission among this population...
March 21, 2018: Sexual Health
Mercilene Machisa, Simukai Shamu
BACKGROUND: Over the years, researchers have relied on data from women victims to understand the profile on male perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). IPV studies with male participants in the general population are still emerging in Africa. The contribution of mental ill health to IPV perpetration in the general population that has been documented elsewhere is emergent. Notwithstanding, research with male perpetrators is essential to informing effective prevention programmes and interventions...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Timo Lajunen
Antonovsky's concept "sense of coherence" (SOC) and the related measurement instrument "The Orientation to Life Questionnaire" (OLQ) has been widely applied in studies on health and well-being. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the cultural differences in factor structures and psychometric properties as well as mean scores of the 13-item form of Antonovsky's OLQ among Australian (n = 201), Finnish (n = 203), and Turkish (n = 152) students. Three models of factor structure were studied by using confirmatory factor analysis: single-factor model, first-order correlated-three-factor model, and the second-order three-factor model...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
Rebecca J Beeken, Sundus Mahdi, Fiona Johnson, Susanne F Meisel
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates whether health and appearance consequences predict intentions to prevent weight gain and whether these relationships differ in younger versus older adults and in men versus women. METHODS: UK adults aged 18-26 years (younger adults; n = 584) or >45 years (older adults; n = 107) participated in an online survey. Logistic regression assessed associations between intentions to avoid gaining weight and age, gender as well as perceived negative consequences of weight gain for health and appearance...
March 21, 2018: Obesity Facts
Chandra L Jackson, Symielle A Gaston, Rui Liu, Kenneth Mukamal, Eric B Rimm
In the United States, racial minorities generally experience poorer cardiovascular health compared to whites, and differences in alcohol consumption and sleep could contribute to these disparities. With a nationally representative sample of 187,950 adults in the National Health Interview Survey from 2004 to 2015, we examined the relationship between alcohol-drinking patterns and sleep duration/quality by race and sex. Using Poisson regression models with robust variance, we estimated sex-specific prevalence ratios for each sleep duration/quality category among blacks compared to whites within categories of alcohol-drinking pattern, adjusting for socioeconomic status and other potential confounders...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Pablo Santos-Iglesias, Bijan Mohamed, Angela Danko, Lauren M Walker
This manuscript is the first to examine the psychometric properties of the Female Sexual Distress Scale in samples of sexually functional and dysfunctional men, herein called the Sexual Distress Scale (SDS). A sample of 127 sexually dysfunctional men and 267 sexually functional men completed an online survey that included a sociodemographic questionnaire, a health questionnaire, the SDS, as well as measures of sexual bother and concerns, sexual function, sexual attitudes, and mood states. We also used a sample of 188 sexually dysfunctional and 155 sexually functional women from previous studies...
March 20, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Jyoti Savla, L Rebecca Bivens, Karen A Roberto, Rosemary Blieszner
OBJECTIVE: Despite overall improvements in the U.S. health care, older adults living in rural counties, such as Appalachian Virginia, continue to be underserved. METHOD: Multinomial regression models, including both individual and county data from 503 older adults aged 65+, were used to examine factors associated with informal and formal care use. RESULTS: Older adults with stronger filial beliefs and less positive attitudes toward community services preferred informal help...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
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