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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214572/clinical-relevance-of-oxidation-reduction-potential-in-the-evaluation-of-male-infertility
#1
Ashok Agarwal, Siew May Wang
Objectives To evaluate 1) the relationship between oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) and abnormal sperm quality, 2) changes in ORP and sperm parameters over time, in search of a potential surrogate marker of poor sperm quality that may assist in the diagnosis of oxidative stress- related male infertility. Methods 194 infertile men were included and 28 patients were identified to have repeated semen analyses and ORP measurements. The semen samples obtained were categorized into normal and abnormal sperm parameters based on the World Health Organization (WHO) 5(th) edition guidelines...
February 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214249/perceived-neighborhood-social-cohesion-and-preventive-healthcare-use
#2
Eric S Kim, Ichiro Kawachi
INTRODUCTION: Neighborhood social cohesion has been linked with better health and health behaviors, but its association with patterns of preventive healthcare use remains understudied. The hypothesis was that people with higher perceived neighborhood social cohesion would display increased use of preventive healthcare services. METHODS: Participants (N=7,168) were drawn from the 2006 wave of the Health and Retirement Study-a prospective and nationally representative panel study of American adults aged >50 years-and tracked for one wave (2 years)...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214239/feasibility-and-factor-structure-of-the-frail-scale-in-older-adults
#3
Ivan Aprahamian, Sumika Mori Lin, Claudia Kimie Suemoto, Daniel Apolinario, Natália Oiring de Castro Cezar, Serpui Marie Elmadjian, Wilson Jacob Filho, Mônica Sanches Yassuda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to (1) evaluate a geriatric outpatient sample with the FRAIL scale; (2) investigate the psychometric properties of the scale; and (3) characterize different associations of the subdimensions of the scale with demographic and clinical data. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Geriatric outpatient center a university-based hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 811 men and women aged 60 years or older evaluated between March 2015 and September 2015...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214185/characteristics-of-patients-with-liver-cancer-in-the-biobank-japan-project
#4
Shigekazu Ukawa, Emiko Okada, Koshi Nakamura, Makoto Hirata, Akiko Nagai, Koichi Matsuda, Zentaro Yamagata, Yoichiro Kamatani, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Yutaka Kiyohara, Kaori Muto, Michiaki Kubo, Yusuke Nakamura, Akiko Tamakoshi
BACKGROUND: Liver cancer is the fifth cause of cancer-related deaths in Japan. The BioBank Japan (BBJ) project included 200,000 patients with 47 diseases and samples; their clinical information can be used for further studies. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with liver cancer (n = 1733; 1316 men, 417 women) were included. Histology, patient characteristics, clinical characteristics, and causes of death were collected. Cumulative and relative survival rates for liver cancer were calculated...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214169/protective-misperception-prospective-study-of-weight-self-perception-and-blood-pressure-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#5
Emily S Unger, Ichiro Kawachi, Carly E Milliren, Kendrin R Sonneville, Idia B Thurston, Holly C Gooding, Tracy K Richmond
PURPOSE: Underestimating one's weight is often seen as a barrier to weight loss. However, recent research has shown that weight underperception may be beneficial, with lower future weight gain and fewer depressive symptoms. Here, we examine the relationship between adolescent weight underperception and future blood pressure. METHODS: Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we obtained a nationally representative sample of 2,463 adolescents with overweight and obesity (students in grades 8-12 in 1996)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214093/educating-religious-leaders-to-promote-uptake-of-male-circumcision-in-tanzania-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#6
Jennifer A Downs, Agrey H Mwakisole, Alphonce B Chandika, Shibide Lugoba, Rehema Kassim, Evarist Laizer, Kinanga A Magambo, Myung Hee Lee, Samuel E Kalluvya, David J Downs, Daniel W Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision is being widely deployed as an HIV prevention strategy in countries with high HIV incidence, but its uptake in sub-Saharan Africa has been below targets. We did a study to establish whether educating religious leaders about male circumcision would increase uptake in their village. METHODS: In this cluster randomised trial in northwest Tanzania, eligible villages were paired by proximity (<60 km) and the time that a free male circumcision outreach campaign from the Tanzanian Ministry of Health became available in their village...
February 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214081/fev1-and-fvc-predict-all-cause-mortality-independent-of-cardiac-function-results-from-the-population-based-gutenberg-health-study
#7
Christina Magnussen, Francisco M Ojeda, Nargiz Rzayeva, Tanja Zeller, Christoph R Sinning, Norbert Pfeiffer, Manfred Beutel, Maria Blettner, Karl J Lackner, Stefan Blankenberg, Thomas Münzel, Klaus F Rabe, Philipp S Wild, Renate B Schnabel
BACKGROUND: Lung function has previously been related to increased mortality. Whether pulmonary impairment is associated with an increased mortality independent of cardiac dysfunction remains unclear. METHODS: In 15010 individuals from the general population (age range 35-74years, 51% men) in the Gutenberg Health Study we performed spirometry and transthoracic echocardiography. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (Nt-proBNP) and high-sensitive troponin I (hsTnI) were measured in all individuals...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213199/cardiovascular-risk-in-different-obesity-phenotypes-over-a-decade-follow-up-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#8
Bita Mirzaei, Hengameh Abdi, Sara Serahati, Maryam Barzin, Mahtab Niroomand, Fereidoun Azizi, Farhad Hosseinpanah
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Considering the inconsistent data available on cardiovascular (CV) risk of different obesity phenotypes, the aim of this study was to investigate the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in different obesity phenotypes over a median follow-up of 12 years. METHODS: In this large population-based cohort, 7842 participants (44.8% men), aged ≥ 30 years, were enrolled. Participants were divided into six phenotypes based on body mass index and metabolic status...
February 3, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212639/erectile-dysfunction-and-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-of-older-men
#9
Lindsay A Tallon, Justin Manjourides, Vivian C Pun, Murray A Mittleman, Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Brent Coull, Helen Suh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between air pollution and erectile dysfunction (ED), a disorder occurring in 64% of men over the age of 70, and to date, no studies have been published. To address this significant knowledge gap, we explored the relationship between ED and air pollution in a group of older men who were part of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP), a nationally representative cohort study of older Americans. METHODS: We obtained incident ED status and participant data for 412 men (age 57-85)...
February 17, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212633/cooking-smoke-and-respiratory-symptoms-of-restaurant-workers-in-thailand
#10
Chudchawal Juntarawijit, Yuwayong Juntarawijit
BACKGROUND: Restaurant workers are at risk from exposure to toxic compounds from burning of fuel and fumes from cooking. However, the literature is almost silent on the issue. What discussion that can be found in the literature focuses on the potential effects from biomass smoke exposure in the home kitchen, and does not address the problem as occurring in the workplace, particularly in restaurants. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 224 worker from 142 food restaurants in the Tha Pho sub-district of Phitsanulok, a province in Thailand...
February 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212629/cardiometabolic-risk-in-a-population-of-older-adults-with-multiple-co-morbidities-in-rural-south-africa-the-haalsi-health-and-aging-in-africa-longitudinal-studies-of-indepth-communities-study
#11
Thomas A Gaziano, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Alisha Wade, Nigel J Crowther, Sartaj Alam, Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Ryan Wagner, Julia Rohr, Livia Montana, Kathleen Kahn, Till W Bärnighausen, Lisa F Berkman, Stephen Tollman
BACKGROUND: A consequence of the widespread uptake of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is that the older South African population will experience an increase in life expectancy, increasing their risk for cardiometabolic diseases (CMD), and its risk factors. The long-term interactions between HIV infection, treatment, and CMD remain to be elucidated in the African population. The HAALSI cohort was established to investigate the impact of these interactions on CMD morbidity and mortality among middle-aged and older adults...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212622/gender-perspectives-on-views-and-preferences-of-older-people-on-exercise-to-prevent-falls-a-systematic-mixed-studies-review
#12
Marlene Sandlund, Dawn A Skelton, Petra Pohl, Christina Ahlgren, Anita Melander-Wikman, Lillemor Lundin-Olsson
BACKGROUND: To offer fall prevention exercise programs that attract older people of both sexes there is a need to understand both women's and men's views and preferences regarding these programs. This paper aims to systematically review the literature to explore any underlying gender perspectives or gender interpretations on older people's views or preferences regarding uptake and adherence to exercise to prevent falls. METHODS: A review of the literature was carried out using a convergent qualitative design based on systematic searches of seven electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Amed, PsycINFO, Scopus, PEDro, and OTseeker)...
February 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212119/the-role-of-biomarkers-in-undiagnosed-men
#13
Hasan Dani, Stacy Loeb
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article intends to review biomarkers derived from blood, urine, and tissue that can aid in the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa). RECENT FINDINGS: PCa screening requires tools that complement prostate-specific antigen (PSA) with a higher specificity for clinically significant disease. Novel blood biomarkers, such as the Prostate Health Index (phi) and 4Kscore, utilize isoforms of PSA to more accurately predict high-grade PCa than traditional tools such as PSA and the percentage free-to-total PSA...
February 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212056/parenting-intentions-among-transgender-individuals
#14
Samantha L Tornello, Henny Bos
PURPOSE: We know very little about how transgender people create their families and the issues involved in these decisions. This qualitative study explored the parenting intentions and desires of 32 self-identified transgender individuals who want to become parents in the future. METHODS: Data were collected using an open-ended survey with 32 transgender men and transgender women regarding when and how they want to become parents in the future. RESULTS: We found that transgender individuals expressed specific desires for parenthood, such as biological relatedness and barriers to parenthood, such as physical limitations or lack of legal protections, which influence how transgender individuals choose to become parents in the future...
February 17, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211551/eating-habits-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-recurrent-depressive-disorders
#15
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Urszula Cwalina, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the research was to assess the fatty acid content and atherogenicity of daily food rations in patients with recurrent depressive disorders in the aspect of risk of developing cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The study included 126 persons (62 persons with diagnosed recurrent depressive disorders and 64 healthy volunteers). A 24-hour recall was used in the quantitative assessment of the diet. Anthropometric and chemical measurements as well as body composition analysis were used to assess the nutritional status...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211217/breast-shape-ptosis-as-a-marker-of-a-woman-s-breast-attractiveness-and-age-evidence-from-poland-and-papua
#16
Agata Groyecka, Agnieszka Żelaźniewicz, Michał Misiak, Maciej Karwowski, Piotr Sorokowski
OBJECTIVES: A women's breast is a sex-specific and aesthetic bodily attribute. It is suggested that breast morphology signals maturity, health, and fecundity. The perception of a woman's attractiveness and age depends on various cues, such as breast size or areola pigmentation. Conducted in Poland and Papua, the current study investigated how breast attractiveness, and the further estimate of a woman's age based on her breast's appearance, is affected by the occurrence of breast ptosis (ie, sagginess, droopiness)...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211188/health-status-health-behaviours-and-anxiety-symptoms-of-older-male-caregivers-findings-from-the-concord-health-and-ageing-in-men-project
#17
Chen-Chun Shu, Robert G Cumming, Hal L Kendig, Fiona M Blyth, Louise M Waite, David G Le Couteur, David J Handelsman, Vasi Naganathan
OBJECTIVE: To explore differences between older male caregivers and non-caregivers on health status, health behaviours and well-being, including symptoms of anxiety. METHODS: Data were collected through self-completed questionnaires and face-to-face interviews with 1705 community living men aged ≥70 in the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project. RESULTS: Eleven per cent of older men were caregivers, of whom 81.7% were looking after their wives or partners...
February 16, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211060/shifting-gears-an-inpatient-medical-record-audit-and-post-discharge-survey-of-return-to-driving-following-stroke-transient-ischaemic-attack
#18
Janet Frith, Helen Warren-Forward, Isobel Hubbard, Carole James
BACKGROUND/AIM: In Australia, all stroke survivors should not drive for four weeks and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) survivors should not drive for two weeks. This study investigates the provision of return-to-driving education in the acute hospital setting and the use of this education by a cohort of Australian patients who have experienced a mild stroke or TIA and who are discharged directly home from their acute hospital admission. METHODS: A medical record audit was conducted of stroke patients discharged home from a regional hospital in Australia...
February 16, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211039/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-epidemiological-review
#19
REVIEW
A C Green, C M Olsen
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a common cancer in white populations and its disease burden is often substantially underestimated. SCC occurs more often in men than women and increases dramatically with age; those affected often develop multiple primaries over time, which increases the burden. The main external cause is solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with immunosuppression being the other established risk factor, shown by the high SCC rates in organ transplant recipients. Sunbed use and certain genetic disorders and medical conditions are also associated with SCC, while associations with human papillomavirus infection and high bodyweight are not established...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211026/social-networks-and-health-status-in-the-elderly-the-anziani-in-rete-population-based-study
#20
Luca Bianchetti, Flaminio Squazzoni, Niccolò Casnici, Devis Bianchini, Emirena Garrafa, Claudia Archetti, Valentina Romano, Luca Rozzini, Michele Melchiori, Chiara Fiorentini, Daniela Uberti, Stefano Calza, Alessandra Marengoni
BACKGROUND: Certain features of the social environment could maintain and even improve not only psychological well-being, but also health and cognition of the elderly. AIMS: We tested the association between social network characteristics and the number of chronic diseases in the elderly. METHODS: A randomized sample of the elderly population of Brescia, Italy, was evaluated (N = 200, age ≥65 years). We performed a comprehensive geriatric assessment, including information on socio-demographic variables (family, friendships, and acquaintance contacts)...
February 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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