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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766305/evaluation-of-vte-prophylaxis-and-the-impact-of-alternate-regimens-on-post-operative-bleeding-and-thrombotic-complications-following-bariatric-procedures
#1
Maria S Altieri, Jie Yang, Janos Hajagos, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Jihye Park, Antonios P Gasparis, Andrew T Bates, Salvatore Docimo, Mark Talamini, A Laurie Shroyer, Aurora D Pryor
BACKGROUND: Studies examining utilization and impact of venous thromboembolism (VTE) chemoprophylaxis for patients undergoing bariatric surgery are limited. Determination of the optimal prophylactic regimen to minimize complications is crucial. METHODS: The Cerner Health Facts database from 2003 to 2013 was queried using ICD-9 codes to identify patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). VTE chemoprophylaxis regimens were divided into pre-operative alone (PreP), post-operative alone (PostP), both pre-operative and post-operative (PPP), or no prophylaxis (NP)...
May 15, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745099/incidence-and-risk-assessment-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-cancer-patients-admitted-to-intensive-care-unit-for-postoperative-care
#2
Jia-Xuan Xu, Jun Dong, Hong Ren, Xiao-Jie Chen, Yong Yang, Ren-Xiong Chen, Guo-Dong Wang, Hong-Zhi Wang
PURPOSE: Cancer patients undergoing surgery are at high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The occurrence of VTE in Chinese cancer patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) for postoperative care is poorly characterized. This study was designed to investigate the incidence of VTE in this population and to evaluate the utility of the Caprini score in risk stratification. METHODS: 2127 consecutive adult patients admitted to a 10-bed surgical ICU (SICU) in a tertiary care academic hospital during a 4-year period (January 1, 2013 - December 31, 2016) were enrolled...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744223/european-perspectives-in-thoracic-surgery-the-ests-venous-thromboembolism-vte-working-group
#3
REVIEW
Yaron Shargall, Virginia R Litle
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), composed of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and PE is a well-recognized cause for significant perioperative morbidity and mortality. While in orthopedic surgery and general oncology surgery there are well established guidelines regarding VTE prophylaxis, based on carefully conducted high level studies, in thoracic surgery the level of evidence and overall knowledge in the field is still lacking, The European Society of Thoracic Surgeons have established an international working group in 2016, whose task was the define contemporary best practice, coordinate research efforts and eventually define best practice guidelines...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733996/low-molecular-weight-heparin-for-the-prevention-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Ze-Nan Xia, Qing Zhou, Wei Zhu, Xi-Sheng Weng
BACKGROUND: To systematically evaluate the prophylaxis efficacy of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in the prevention of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHOD: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Wanfang, CNKI, and VIP databases were searched by index words to identify the eligible RCTs; relevant literature sources were also searched. The latest research was conducted in March 2017. Relative risks (RR), mean difference (MD), and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to analyze the main outcomes...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724900/can-thrombophilia-predict-recurrent-catheter-related-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-children
#5
Maria L Avila, Nour Amiri, Sanja Stanojevic, Trang T Vu, Katherine Barron, Peter Krol, Natasha Yue, Suzan Williams, Leonardo R Brandão
The role of thrombophilia testing in predicting catheter-related deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after an incident (i.e., first) catheter-related DVT in children remains unclear. The present study investigated the association between thrombophilia and recurrent catheter-related DVT. Children with thrombophilia testing, performed according to the clinician's judgment and the family's preference, and a history of objectively confirmed catheter-related DVT were included in the study. Recurrent catheter-related DVT following placement of a new catheter was the main outcome...
May 3, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707339/effect-of-low-molecular-weight-heparin-on-venous-thromboembolism-disease-in-thoracotomy-patients-with-cancer
#6
Jun Dong, Jia Wang, Yuan Feng, Li-Ping Qi, Hua Fang, Guo-Dong Wang, Zhou-Qiao Wu, Hong-Zhi Wang, Yue Yang, Qing Li
Background: Much attention has been given to venous thromboembolism (VTE) disease, and many guidelines for prophylaxis have been published. However, there are few published data on patients who underwent thoracotomy. This study is to compare the effect of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) combined mechanical approaches with mechanical approaches alone in prevention of VTE in the post thoracotomy cancer patients. Methods: This study used a prospective, randomized-controlled design...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656974/low-dose-aspirin-is-safe-and-effective-for-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Mhamad Faour, Nicolas S Piuzzi, David P Brigati, Alison K Klika, Michael A Mont, Wael K Barsoum, Carlos A Higuera
BACKGROUND: Aspirin is an effective prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The optimal prophylactic aspirin dose has not been established. The study aims to compare 2 aspirin regimens with regard to the incidence of (1) symptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT), (2) pulmonary embolism (PE), (3) bleeding, and (4) mortality within 90 days after TKA. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 5666 patients who received aspirin twice daily for 4 to 6 weeks after TKA...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653390/fondaparinux-versus-nadroparin-for-thromboprophylaxis-following-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Jieqiong Song, Lizhen Xuan, Wei Wu, Yaxing Shen, Lijie Tan, Ming Zhong
BACKGROUND: The methodology of thromboprophylaxis post minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is unclear. Thus, we compared the efficacy and safety of fondaparinux and nadroparin on the prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after MIE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, treatment-controlled study. Consecutive patients undergoing MIE randomly received a single dose of either nadroparin 2850 AxaIU (Group H) or fondaparinux 2.5 mg (Group F) daily...
April 4, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618864/the-conundrum-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-prophylaxis-in-burns-in-india-and-review-of-literature
#9
S S Shirol, Srinivas Kodaganur, M Raghavendra Rao, Vinaykumar Tiwari
Objective: The aim is to assess the practice of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis among the plastic surgeons attending National Academy of Burns India Conference 2012 (NABICON 2012). Background: DVT prophylaxis in burns is a controversial issue as there is no consensus among the community of burn surgeons about the prevalence of DVT, the incidence of pulmonary embolism, the indications for DVT prophylaxis, dosage and duration of low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) and the complications related to DVT and LMWH...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613956/optimal-timing-of-initiation-of-thromboprophylaxis-in-spine-trauma-managed-operatively-a-nationwide-propensity-matched-analysis-of-trauma-quality-improvement-program
#10
Muhammad Zeeshan, Muhammad Khan, Terence O'Keeffe, Nina Pollack, Mohammad Hamidi, Narong Kulvatunyou, Joseph V Sakran, Lynn Gries, Bellal Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Patients with spinal trauma are at high-risk for venous-thromboembolism(VTE). Guidelines recommend prophylactic anticoagulation but they are unclear on timing of initiation of thromboprophylaxis. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of early vs late initiation of venous thromboprophylaxis in patients with spinal trauma who underwent operative intervention. METHODS: We performed a 2-year (2013-14) review of patients with isolated spine trauma (S-AIS≥3 and no other injury in another body region with AIS>2) who underwent operative intervention and received thromboprophylaxis post-operatively...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605752/incidence-and-risk-factor-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-patients-undergoing-craniotomy-for-brain-tumors-a-japanese-single-center-retrospective-study
#11
Fumi Nakano, Toshio Matsubara, Tomoki Ishigaki, Seiji Hatazaki, Genshin Mouri, Yoshinari Nakatsuka, Hidenori Suzuki
INTRODUCTION: It has been reported that brain tumor resection by craniotomy is a high risk for deep venous thrombosis (DVT), though few data is available in Japanese patients. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for DVT in Japanese adult patients with brain tumor surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of Japanese adult patients with craniotomy for brain tumor were reviewed. In addition to clinical variables including patients' age, sex, body mass index, previous history of DVT, leg paresis, medications, tumor histology, surgical factors, adjuvant therapy, infection, and duration of post-operative immobilization and hospitalization, plasma D-dimer levels were measured at pre-surgery (baseline), on post-operative day (POD) one to 30 and during adjuvant therapy, and were compared between patients with and without DVT...
March 27, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580646/assessment-of-30-day-mortality-and-complication-rates-associated-with-extended-deep-vein-thrombosis-prophylaxis-following-hip-fracture-surgery
#12
Wesley M Durand, Avi D Goodman, Joey P Johnson, Alan H Daniels
BACKGROUND: DVT is a common complication following lower extremity surgery, occurring in up to 60% of patients undergoing hip fracture surgery without postoperative anticoagulation. The risk of fatal PE continues well-beyond two weeks postoperatively, thus extended DVT prophylaxis beyond 14 days may be warranted. This investigation sought to examine the association between prescription of extended DVT prophylaxis and 30-day postoperative complications following hip fracture surgery...
March 19, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562414/-incidence-of-postoperative-venous-thromboembolism-after-thoracic-surgery-and-its-characteristic-a-single-center-prospective-cohort-study
#13
C F Song, H Li, B Tian, S Chen, J B Miao, Y L Fu, B You, Q R Chen, T Li, X X Hu, W Q Zhang, B Hu
Objective: To evaluate the incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) after thoracic surgery and its characteristic. Methods: This was a single-center, prospective cohort study. Patients undergoing major thoracic surgeries between July 2016 and March 2017 at Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were enrolled in this study. Besides the routine examination, all patients were screened for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) by using noninvasive duplex lower-extremity ultrasonography after surgery...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552792/incidence-and-risk-assessment-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-cancer-patients-admitted-to-intensive-care-unit-for-postoperative-care
#14
Jia-Xuan Xu, Jun Dong, Hong Ren, Xiao-Jie Chen, Yong Yang, Ren-Xiong Chen, Guo-Dong Wang, Hong-Zhi Wang
PURPOSE: The occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Chinese cancer patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) for postoperative care is poorly characterized. This study was designed to investigate the incidence of VTE in this polulation and to evaluate the utility of the Caprini score in risk stratification. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 2127 consecutive adult patients admitted to a 10-bed surgical ICU in a tertiary care academic hospital during a 4-year period (January 1,2013 to December 31,2016)...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545327/how-i-treat-the-postthrombotic-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Anat Rabinovich, Susan R Kahn
The postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a chronic complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) that imposes significant morbidity, reduces quality of life, and is costly. After DVT, 20% to 50% of patients will develop PTS, and up to 5% will develop severe PTS. The principal risk factors for PTS are anatomically extensive DVT, recurrent ipsilateral DVT, obesity, and older age. By preventing the initial DVT and DVT recurrence, primary and secondary prophylaxis of DVT will reduce occurrence of PTS. The effectiveness of elastic compression stockings (ECSs) for PTS prevention is controversial...
May 17, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541435/prophylaxis-against-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-patients-hospitalized-in-surgical-wards-in-one-of-the-hospitals-in-iran-based-on-the-american-college-of-chest-physician-s-protocol
#16
Masoumeh Shohani, Akram Mansouri, Siros Norozi, Naser Parizad, Milad Azami
Background: There is not enough studies to determine the frequency of using the prophylaxis against deep venous thrombosis (DVT) based on the American College of Chest Physician's (ACCP) guidelines in Iran. Thus, providing such statistics is essential to improve thromboprophylaxis in hospital. The present study aimed to determine the frequency of using the prophylaxis against DVT based on ACCP guidelines in patients hospitalized in surgical wards in one of teaching hospital in Ilam, Iran...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495077/stopdvts-development-and-testing-of-a-clinical-assessment-tool-to-guide-nursing-assessment-of-postoperative-patients-for-deep-vein-thrombosis
#17
Alanna O'Brien, Bernice Redley, Beverley Wood, Mari Botti, Anastasia F Hutchinson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a clinical tool to guide nurses' assessment of postoperative patients for Deep Vein Thrombosis. BACKGROUND: Preventing venous thromboembolism in hospitalised patients is an international patient safety priority. Despite high-level evidence for optimal venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, implementation is inconsistent and the incidence of Deep Vein Thrombosis remains high. METHODS: A two-stage sequential multi-method design was used...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399535/deep-venous-thrombosis-in-pregnancy-incidence-pathogenesis-and-endovascular-management
#18
REVIEW
Paola Devis, M Grace Knuttinen
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) during pregnancy is associated with high mortality, morbidity, and costs. Pulmonary embolism (PE), its most feared complication, is the leading cause of maternal death in the developed world. DVT can also result in long-term complications that include postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) adding to its morbidity. Women are up to 5 times more likely to develop DVT when pregnant. The current standard of care for this condition is anticoagulation. This review discusses the epidemiology, pathogenesis, prophylaxis and diagnosis of DVT during pregnancy, and then focuses on endovascular treatment modalities...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382561/optimal-timing-of-initiation-of-thromboprophylaxis-after-nonoperative-blunt-spinal-trauma-a-propensity-matched-analysis
#19
Muhammad Khan, Faisal Jehan, Terence O'Keeffe, Mohammad Hamidi, Michael Truitt, Muhammad Zeeshan, Lynn Gries, Andrew Tang, Bellal Joseph
BACKGROUND: Patients with spinal trauma have the highest risk of a venous thromboembolism. Although anticoagulation is recommended, its optimal timing is not well-defined. We aimed to assess the impact of early initiation of thromboprophylaxis in spinal trauma patients who were managed nonoperatively. STUDY DESIGN: A 2-year (2013 to 2014) analysis of all isolated spinal trauma patients managed nonoperatively who received thromboprophylaxis in the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375872/subcutaneous-hematomas-from-prophylactic-heparin-use
#20
Abhilash Koratala, Deepti Bhattacharya
Heparin is an anticoagulant, which is frequently used in hospitalized patients for prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Subcutaneous administration of heparin may lead to complications such as bruising, hematoma, and pain at the injection site. Hematomas can develop without visible bruising, as in our case.
January 2018: Clinical Case Reports
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