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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043312/ureteroscopy-for-management-of-ureteric-stones-in-children-a-single-centre-experience
#1
Nadeem Iqbal, Ijaz Hussain, Sehrish Waqar, Rizwana Sadaf, Ravale Tashfeen, Nur -Un- Nisa Nabil, Saeed Akhter
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes of pediatric patients who underwent ureteroscopic removal of ureteric stones in terms of stone free rates and complications. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Urology Department at Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, from January 2012 to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective analysis of 37 patients, who underwent ureteroscopy for the treatment of ureteral calculi at the study centre, was conducted...
December 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031194/azithromycin-ciprofloxacin-impregnated-urinary-catheters-avert-bacterial-colonization-biofilm-formation-and-inflammation-in-a-murine-model-of-foreign-body-associated-urinary-tract-infections-caused-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#2
Hina Saini, Anitha Vadekeetil, Sanjay Chhibber, Kusum Harjai
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a multifaceted pathogen causing a variety of biofilm-mediated infections including catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). High prevalence of CAUTIs in hospitals, their clinical manifestations like urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, meningitis, urosepsis, death; and economic challenges underscore the need for management of these infections. Biomaterial modification of urinary catheters with dual drugs seems an interesting approach to combat CAUTIs by inhibiting biofilm...
December 28, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031088/therapy-and-prevention-of-postoperative-urosepsis-of-ureter-endoscopic-lithotripsy-for-non-infection
#3
Jun Shen, Fa Sun, Fang-Min Chen, Zhi-Ping Wu, Sheng-Wen Li
Objective To analyze the risk factors causing postoperative urosepsis in ureter endoscopic lithotripsy without infection preoperatively, in order to make a more effective and safer preventive and therapeutic strategy.Methods From January 2010 to January 2015, 5 ureteral calculus patients undergoing ureter endoscopic lithotripsy with holmium laser were retrospectively enrolled in this clinical study. These patients suffered urosepsis postoperatively confirmed by the clinical presentations and laboratory Results, while they had no infection in their blood and urine preoperatively...
March 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004123/-ureteral-stricture-as-a-late-complication-of-radiotherapy-possible-treatment-options
#4
J Kranz, A S Brandt, P Anheuser, B Reisch, J Steffens, S Roth
Ureteral strictures are uncommon complications of radiotherapy which are often recognized late. Their consequences range from harmless dilatation of the ureter to loss of renal function and potential life-threatening urosepsis.Therapy of radiogenic ureteral stricture is a challenging task for every urologist. Several surgical strategies including minimally invasive procedures, reconstruction and partial or complete replacement of the ureter are available.This article provides an overview of the various options in the treatment of radiogenic stricture of the ureter, focusing on the use of ileum and colon segments for ureteral substitution...
December 21, 2016: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973459/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-with-amplatz-and-alken-dilators-an-eight-year-single-tertiary-care-centre-experience
#5
Piotr Bryniarski, Paweł Stelmach, Piotr Taborowski, Paweł Rajwa, Mateusz Adamkiewicz, Marcin Życzkowski, Andrzej Paradysz
BACKGROUND Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is the standard procedure for patients with renal stones over 2 cm in diameter. We analyzed complications after this procedure focusing on two different methods of tract dilation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between August 2008 and April 2016 222 percutaneous nephrolithotomies were performed in a total of 208 patients. The Group I (n=123) comprised patients where Alken dilatators were used, while Group II (n=99) comprised patients where Amplatz dilators were used. Efficacy was examined based on ultrasound and x-ray examination one month after the procedure...
December 14, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966323/genotypic-analysis-of-escherichia-coli-strains-that-cause-urosepsis-in-the-aegean-region
#6
Betül Giray, Füsun Bahriye Uçar, Sabire Şöhret Aydemir
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to characterize strains genotypically, to determine their phylogenetic relationships, to investigate the presence of the papG gene, and to compare their antibiotic susceptibility test results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy pathogenic E. coli strains were isolated from both urine and blood cultures of patients with the preliminary diagnosis of urosepsis who were referred to the Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Bacteriology Laboratory of Medical Microbiology Department in İzmir...
November 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920987/spontaneous-perforation-of-the-upj-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
K Searvance, J Jackson, N Schenkman
Spontaneous rupture of the ureter is an uncommon condition defined by non-traumatic extravasation of urine. Causative factors leading to rupture include urinary calculi, malignancies, instrumentation or trauma. Ureteral rupture can lead to numerous complications, including abscess formation, urinomas, and urosepsis. Minimal literature is available regarding spontaneous ureteral perforation, especially at the ureteropelvic junction. We present a rare case of spontaneous perforation of the ureter at the ureteropelvic junction caused by an undiagnosed non-compliant bladder...
January 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919201/complicated-inguino-scrotal-bladder-hernia-a-case-of-two-step-repair
#8
Jules François, Barbara Defoort, Filip Muysoms
BACKGROUND: Inguino-scrotal sliding hernia of the bladder (IBH) is a rare condition. Frequently, it is asymptomatic but sometimes it can be complicated by urosepsis and incarceration. CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old male with an IBH was admitted to the intensive care unit with urosepsis, acute renal insufficiency and incarceration of the herniated bladder. A two-step approach was performed to repair this complicated hernia. Firstly, the incarcerated bladder was reduced during a laparoscopic, trans-abdominal approach...
December 5, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876693/a-case-of-septic-shock-due-to-serratia-marcescens-pyelonephritis-and-bacteremia-in-a-patient-receiving-empagliflozin
#9
Wesley D Kufel, Ali Scrimenti, Jeffrey M Steele
Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have been associated with serious urinary tract infections (UTIs) including pyelonephritis and urosepsis. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a label change to include this warning in December 2015 due to a small number of cases (n = 19) reported to the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System. Details of these cases are limited and none involved empagliflozin. To date, there has been no published literature comprehensively describing serious UTIs attributed to empagliflozin...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861110/in-bore-3-t-mr-guided-transrectal-targeted-prostate-biopsy-prostate-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-version-2-based-diagnostic-performance-for-detection-of-prostate-cancer
#10
Nelly Tan, Wei-Chan Lin, Pooria Khoshnoodi, Nazanin H Asvadi, Jeffrey Yoshida, Daniel J A Margolis, David S K Lu, Holden Wu, Kyung Hyun Sung, David Y Lu, Jaioti Huang, Steven S Raman
Purpose To determine the diagnostic yield of in-bore 3-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided prostate biopsy and stratify performance according to Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) versions 1 and 2. Materials and Methods This study was HIPAA compliant and institution review board approved. In-bore 3-T MR-guided prostate biopsy was performed in 134 targets in 106 men who (a) had not previously undergone prostate biopsy, (b) had prior negative biopsy findings with increased prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, or (c) had a prior history of prostate cancer with increasing PSA level...
November 18, 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858977/atypical-presentation-of-livedo-racemosa-in-a-factor-v-leiden-heterozygous-positive-patient-with-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-urosepsis
#11
Jesse Johnston, Rowland Noakes, Kurt Davidson
Impairment of the protein C pathway, detectable by reduced plasma levels of activated protein C (APC), are risk factors for venous thrombosis. Activated protein C maintains clotting homeostasis by regulation of pro-coagulant factors Va and VIIIa. Both infection and the factor V Leiden mutation reduce the formation of APC from protein C in the blood. With low levels of APC, excess factors Va and VIIIa exist, increasing the risk of thrombus formation. Livedo racemosa is characterised by a striking, violaceous branch-like pattering of the skin...
November 12, 2016: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846034/an-update-on-classification-and-management-of-urosepsis
#12
Florian M E Wagenlehner, Zafer Tandogdu, Truls E Bjerklund Johansen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The urinary tract is the infection site in severe sepsis/septic shock in 10-30%. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a new Sepsis definition focusing on severe sepsis. Urosepsis is mainly due to obstructed uropathy of the upper urinary tract. The pathogenesis of sepsis is complex and is driven by the innate immune system. In the further course immunosuppression is developing.Management of urosepsis includes early diagnosis, early initiation of treatment such as identification and control of the complicating factor in the urinary tract and the specific sepsis therapy...
November 14, 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842662/in-bore-transrectal-mri-guided-prostate-biopsies-are-there-risk-factors-for-complications
#13
Michael Meier-Schroers, Rami Homsi, Guido Kukuk, Karsten Wolter, Georges Decker, Stefan Fischer, Christian Marx, Frederic Carsten Schmeel, Wolfgang Block, Alois Martin Sprinkart, Frank Traeber, Hans Heinz Schild, Winfried Willinek
PURPOSE: To systematically analyze risk factors for complications of in-bore transrectal MRI-guided prostate biopsies (MRGB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 90 patients, who were scheduled for MRGB were included for this study. Exclusion criteria were coagulation disorders, therapy with anticoagulant drugs, and acute infections of the urinary and the lower gastrointestinal tract. Directly after, one week and one year after the biopsy, we assessed biopsy related complications (e...
December 2016: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798510/infections-in-de-novo-kidney-transplant-recipients-treated-with-the-rankl-inhibitor-denosumab
#14
Marco Bonani, Diana Frey, Olivier de Rougemont, Nicolas J Mueller, Thomas F Mueller, Nicole Graf, Rudolf P Wüthrich
BACKGROUND: Infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in kidney allograft recipients. In this posthoc analysis of a randomized clinical trial which tested the effect of denosumab on bone mineral density we assessed the impact of this drug on the incidence and severity of infections in the first year after kidney transplantation. METHODS: In this clinical trial we randomized 90 de novo kidney transplant recipients shortly after transplantation to either denosumab on top of standard treatment (calcium and vitamin D) (n=46), or to standard treatment alone (n=44)...
October 28, 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780014/clinical-presentations-and-epidemiology-of-urinary-tract-infections
#15
Suzanne E Geerlings
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections, and the incidence in women is much higher than in men. The diagnosis of a UTI can be made based on a combination of symptoms and a positive urine analysis or culture. Most UTIs are uncomplicated UTIs, defined as cystitis in a woman who is not pregnant, is not immunocompromised, has no anatomical and functional abnormalities of the urogenital tract, and does not exhibit signs of tissue invasion and systemic infection. All UTIs that are not uncomplicated are considered to be complicated UTIs...
October 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773650/is-preoperative-assessment-and-treatment-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-necessary-for-reducing-the-risk-of-postoperative-symptomatic-urinary-tract-infections-after-urologic-surgical-procedures
#16
Tommaso Cai, Paolo Verze, Alessandro Palmieri, Mauro Gacci, Paolo Lanzafame, Gianni Malossini, Gabriella Nesi, Gernot Bonkat, Florian M E Wagenlehner, Vincenzo Mirone, Riccardo Bartoletti, Truls E Bjerklund Johansen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether it is always necessary to test for the presence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (AB) in patients undergoing urologic surgical procedures, and if present, whether to treat AB with antimicrobial prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent urologic surgical procedures from December 2008 to October 2013 in a tertiary referral urologic center were considered for this study. All patients received antimicrobial prophylaxis in line with European Association of Urology guidelines on urologic infections...
January 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734428/the-use-of-transperineal-sector-biopsy-as-a-first-line-biopsy-strategy-a-multi-institutional-analysis-of-clinical-outcomes-and-complications
#17
David Eldred-Evans, Veeru Kasivisvanathan, Fahd Khan, Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Alexander Polson, Peter Acher, Richard Popert
PURPOSE: Systematic transrectal ultrasound biopsies have been the first-line biopsy strategy in men with suspected prostate cancer for over 30 years. Transperineal biopsy is an alternative approach but has been predominately reserved as a repeat biopsy strategy and not widely used as a first-line approach. This study evaluates the diagnostic and clinical outcomes of transperineal sector biopsy (TPSB) as a first-line biopsy strategy in the diagnosis and management of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi-institutional review of 402 consecutive patients who underwent primary transperineal sector biopsy...
October 10, 2016: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703835/strongyloides-hyperinfection-syndrome-combined-with-cytomegalovirus-infection
#18
Fatehi Elnour Elzein, Mohammed Alsaeed, Sulafa Ballool, Ashraf Attia
The mortality in Strongyloides hyperinfection syndrome (SHS) is alarmingly high. This is particularly common in bone marrow, renal, and other solid organ transplant (SOT) patients, where figures may reach up to 50-85%. Immunosuppressives, principally corticosteroids, are the primary triggering factor. In general, the clinical features of Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection are nonspecific; therefore, a high index of suspicion is required for early diagnosis and starting appropriate therapy. Although recurrent Gram-negative sepsis and meningitis have been previously reported, the combination of both cytomegalovirus (CMV) and strongyloidiasis had rarely been associated...
2016: Case Reports in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662890/urinary-tract-infections-in-adults
#19
Chee Wei Tan, Maciej Piotr Chlebicki
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a collective term for infections that involve any part of the urinary tract. It is one of the most common infections in local primary care. The incidence of UTIs in adult males aged under 50 years is low, with adult women being 30 times more likely than men to develop a UTI. Appropriate classification of UTI into simple or complicated forms guides its management and the ORENUC classification can be used. Diagnosis of a UTI is based on a focused history, with appropriate investigations depending on individual risk factors...
September 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626367/bilateral-same-session-ureteroscopy-for-treatment-of-ureteral-calculi-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Hongwei Ge, Xiaoqing Zheng, Xinzhi Hou, Wenting Ding, Yanqun Na, Yuyong Wang, Zhijian Yu
INTRODUCTION: The traditional procedure for the management of bilateral ureteric stones is staged ureteroscopic lithotripsy(URSL). However, in recent years particularly, some urologists advocate same-session bilateral URSL on the ground of success rates and minimal morbidity. This systematic review is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of same-session bilateral ureteroscopy for the treatment of ureteral calculi. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a bibliographic search using MEDLINE(1980 to August 2015), EMBASE(1980 to August 2015)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Endourology
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