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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434662/paclitaxel-coated-balloons-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-central-venous-stenosis-in-dialysis-access-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Panagiotis M Kitrou, Panagiotis Papadimatos, Stavros Spiliopoulos, Konstantinos Katsanos, Nicolaos Christeas, Elias Brountzos, Dimitrios Karnabatidis
PURPOSE: To compare the clinically-assessed intervention-free period (IFP) of paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) vs conventional balloon angioplasty (CBA) for the treatment of symptomatic central venous stenosis (CVS) in dialysis access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Within 20 months, 40 dialysis patients (19/40 arteriovenous fistulae [AVFs] and 21/40 arteriovenous grafts [AVGs]) were randomized to undergo angioplasty either with a PCB (PCB group, n = 20; 14/20 male; age: 56...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430311/effect-of-hemodialysis-access-blood-flow-on-cardiac-events-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-using-an-internal-thoracic-artery
#2
Leonid Feldman, Ilia Beberashvili, Ahmad Abu Tair, Shai Efrati, Oleg Gorelik, Walter G Wasser, Eitan Heldenberg, Igor Rabin
BACKGROUND: The possibility of coronary steal through an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in hemodialysis (HD) patients with coronary artery bypass grafts (CABGs) using an ipsilateral internal thoracic artery (ITA) has been suggested. In order to define the significance of such a possibility, we analyzed cardiac events and mortality risk in patients in relation to AVF flow. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on prevalent HD patients from a single center...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430307/the-incidence-and-risk-factors-of-coronary-steal-after-ipsilateral-avf-in-patients-with-a-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#3
Sanghyun Ahn, Ahram Han, Song-Yi Kim, Chanjoong Choi, Sang-Il Min, Jongwon Ha, Ho Young Hwang, Ki-Bong Kim, Seung-Kee Min
OBJECTIVE: Ipsilateral arteriovenous fistula (AVF) may cause symptoms of coronary steal in patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) using internal thoracic artery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adverse effects of ipsilateral AVF to CABG, including the incidence of coronary steal, and to analyze the risk factors for coronary steal. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2013, a total of 25 patients undergoing hemodialysis via upper extremity AVF, ipsilateral to the preexisting CABG, were reviewed retrospectively...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430306/endovascular-covered-stenting-to-treat-an-arteriovenous-graft-to-native-vein-fistula-caused-by-dialysis-needle-cannulation
#4
Stephanie Y S Yong, Ee Jean Lim, Chieh Suai Tan, Jack K Chng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424037/aortic-customized-stent-graft-treatment-of-postnephrectomy-renal-pedicle-arteriovenous-fistula
#5
Francisco Manresa-Manresa, José María Sánchez-Rodríguez, Verónica Nacarino-Mejías, Javier Peiró de Las Heras, Juan Francisco Ponce-González
A postnephrectomy renal acquired arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare clinical entity that may cause high-output heart failure. Most of the cases are identified time along after surgery. We present a case of a postnephrectomy renal AVF treated with aortic customized stent-graft.
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423125/coronary-arteriovenous-fistulas-in-adult-patients-surgical-management-and-outcomes
#6
Sebnem Albeyoglu, Mustafa Aldag, Ufuk Ciloglu, Murat Sargin, Tugba Kemaloglu Oz, Hakan Kutlu, Sabri Dagsali
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the demographic, clinical and anatomic characteristics of coronary arteriovenous fistulas in adult patients who underwent open cardiac surgery and to review surgical management and outcomes. Methods: Twenty-one adult patients (12 female, 9 male; mean age: 56.1±7.9 years) who underwent surgical treatment for coronary arteriovenous fistulas were retrospectively included in this study. Coronary angiography, chest X-ray, electrocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography were preoperatively performed in all patients...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420654/changes-in-the-profile-of-endovascular-procedures-performed-in-freestanding-dialysis-access-centers-over-15-years
#7
Gerald A Beathard, Aris Urbanes, Terry Litchfield
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Marked changes occurred in the vascular access profile of patients receiving hemodialysis in the United States over the 15-year period of 2001-2015. This study was undertaken to evaluate how these changes have affected dialysis access maintenance and salvage procedures performed in freestanding dialysis access centers and to examine the effectiveness, efficiency, and safety of these procedures in this setting. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected from freestanding, dedicated dialysis access centers operating under a common system of management...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393400/sonography-of-arteriovenous-fistulas-and-grafts
#8
Jason A Pietryga, Mark D Little, Michelle L Robbin
Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) and arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) are the vascular accesses of choice for long-term hemodialysis. Strategies to establish and maintain functioning AVFs and AVGs are essential. In addition to clinical evaluation, ultrasound plays a critical role in the evaluation and maintenance of AVFs and AVGs. AVFs have a high rate of failure to mature which can be reliably diagnosed with ultrasound. Treatable etiologies of the failure to mature can often be diagnosed with ultrasound. Causes of secondary AVG failure can also be diagnosed with ultrasound and treated...
April 10, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382634/angiography-of-hemodialysis-fistulas-and-grafts
#9
Gerald A Beathard
Angiography of the dialysis access is an important procedure in dealing with dialysis arteriovenous access (AVA) dysfunction. It is an integral part and the initiating procedure for all the interventional procedures performed for the management and salvage of dialysis AVA. The performance of this procedure and normal dialysis access-related anatomy including anatomical variants are discussed. In addition, pathology commonly encountered in association with the anatomy is reviewed.
April 5, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382276/prosthetic-grafting-and-arteriovenous-fistula-for-the-surgical-management-of-a-common-femoral-vein-injury-using-a-staged-approach
#10
Kuk Hui Son, So Young Lee, Jin Mo Kang, Chang Hu Choi, Kook Yang Park, Chul Hyun Park
A 27-year-old female patient was referred due to an edematous left lower extremity. Both saphenous veins had been ablated with an endovenous laser procedure used to treat varicose veins. Venography revealed that the left common femoral vein had been divided and that thrombosis was present at the site of division. No veins were available around the thighs. The patient was treated using a staged procedure. During the first stage, a ringed polytetrafluoroethylene graft was used to repair the common femoral vein, and an arteriovenous fistula was constructed from the femoral artery to the graft using a short segment of cephalic vein to increase graft patency...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377911/distal-femoral-arteriovenous-fistula-with-iliac-vein-thrombosis-after-blunt-trauma
#11
Duk Sil Kim, Sung Wan Kim, Hyun Seok Lee, Kyung Hwan Byun, Michael SungPil Choe
A 39-year-old woman arrived at our emergency department, complaining of severe pain and swelling of her left leg. She had slipped down stairs and injured on her left leg about 3 months ago. Computed tomography angiography showed left distal superficial femoral artery's pseudoaneurysm with arteriovenous fistula and thrombotic occlusion of left common iliac vein. We decided to do endovascular intervention due to severe venous hypertension and chronic inflammation around the fistula. The femoral arteriovenous fistula was closed via stent-graft (7 mm×5, 9 mm×5 cm) deployment...
March 2017: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377908/the-usefulness-of-duplex-ultrasound-for-hemodialysis-access-selection
#12
Jeong Won Choi, Jin Hyun Joh, Ho-Chul Park
PURPOSE: A native vessel is preferable to an artificial graft for dialysis access. Duplex ultrasound (DUS) is noninvasive, cost-effective modality to evaluate the vessels for dialysis. The purpose of this study was to compare the rates of utilization of native vessels after preoperative imaging with DUS and contrast venography (CV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on patients who received an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or arteriovenous graft (AVG) between June 2006 and July 2010...
March 2017: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366301/bovine-carotid-artery-xenografts-for-hemodialysis-access
#13
Danielle M Pineda, Matthew J Dougherty, Michael C Wismer, Chelsea Carroll, Samuel Tyagi, Douglas A Troutman, Keith D Calligaro
OBJECTIVE: Bovine carotid artery (BCA) grafts have been described as a possibly superior alternative to expanded polytetrafluoroethylene hemoaccess grafts. However, published experience remains limited, and patency rates for nonautogenous arteriovenous grafts remain unsatisfactory. We report herein the largest published experience with the current generation of BCA grafts for dialysis access and analyze subgroups to determine whether obesity, gender, or prior access surgery influences patency...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362044/comparison-of-post-creation-procedures-and-costs-between-surgical-and-an-endovascular-approach-to-arteriovenous-fistula-creation
#14
Shuo Yang, Charmaine Lok, Renee Arnold, Dheeraj Rajan, Marc Glickman
INTRODUCTION: Due to early and late failures that may occur with surgically created hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas (SAVF), post-creation procedures are commonly required to facilitate AVF maturation and maintain patency. This study compared AVF post-creation procedures and their associated costs in patients with SAVF to patients with a new endovascularly created AVF (endoAVF). METHODS: A 5% random sample from Medicare Standard Analytical Files was abstracted to determine post-creation procedures and associated costs for SAVF created from 2011 to 2013...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359717/-in-situ-endografting-in-the-treatment-of-arterial-and-graft-infections
#15
REVIEW
Georges M Haidar, Taylor D Hicks, David S Strosberg, Hosam F El-Sayed, Mark G Davies
OBJECTIVE: Endografts (eg, aortic aneurysm device or covered stent) are increasingly being used to temporize or treat arterial and graft infections in inaccessible areas, in patients with compromised anatomy, or in the presence of active bleeding or rupture. This summary examines the evidence for "in situ" endografting in the treatment these conditions. METHODS: A two-level search strategy of the literature (MEDLINE, PubMed, Google Scholar, and The Cochrane Library) was performed for relevant articles listed between January 2000 and December 2015...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353491/nonprogrammed-vascular-access-is-associated-with-greater-mortality-in-patients-who-return-to-hemodialysis-with-a-failing-renal-graft
#16
Gustavo Laham, Gervasio Soler Pujol, Antonio Vilches, Ana Cusumano, Carlos Diaz
BACKGROUND: In incident hemodialysis (HD) patients the use of catheters is associated with a worse prognosis when compared to those with an arteriovenous fistula (AVF), but the role of vascular access (VA) type in the morbidity and mortality of patients returning to HD with a failing renal allograft is unknown. We aimed to determine the associations between the type of vascular access and mortality in this population. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational cohort study of 138 patients who initiated dialysis after kidney transplant failure between 1995 and 2014...
March 28, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344184/arteriovenous-hybrid-graft-with-outflow-in-the-proximal-axillary-vein
#17
Allen G Murga, Jason Chiriano, Sharon C Kiang, Sheela Patel, Christian Bianchi, Ahmed M Abou-Zamzam, Theodore H Teruya
INTRODUCTION: The patency of long-term hemodialysis access in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients remains a significant challenge. Often these patients are affected with limited venous outflow options, requiring limb abandonment and creation of new access in the contralateral arm. Vascular surgeons are familiar with the exposure of the proximal axillary artery via an infraclavicular incision. The axillary vein is easily exposed through this technique. The use of the hybrid Gore graft can make the venous anastomosis easier...
March 23, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330437/long-term-outcomes-of-fistula-first-initiative-in-an-urban-university-hospital-is-it-still-relevant
#18
Jacques Greenberg, Senthil Jayarajan, Sridhar Reddy, Frank A Schmieder, Andrew B Roberts, Paul S van Bemmelen, Jean Lee, Eric T Choi
PURPOSE: Dialysis access failure is a major cause of morbidity in patients with end-stage renal disease. The Fistula First Breakthrough Initiative (FFBI) dictates arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) should be preferred over arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) as first line for surgically placed accesses. The purpose of this study was to compare patency rates of surgical dialysis accesses in our mature, urban population after the FFBI. METHODS: Current dialysis patients with accesses placed between 2006 and 2011 were included...
April 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329100/long-term-cardiovascular-changes-following-creation-of-arteriovenous-fistula-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#19
Yogesh N V Reddy, Masaru Obokata, Patrick G Dean, Vojtech Melenovsky, Karl A Nath, Barry A Borlaug
Aims: Short-term studies have reported left ventricular (LV) dilatation following surgical creation of arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) or arteriovenous grafts (AVGs), but chronic cardiac structural and functional changes have not been examined or related to clinical outcomes following AVF/AVG. We sought to characterize the long-term changes in cardiac structure and function in patients undergoing shunt creation for haemodialysis. Methods and results: A retrospective analysis was performed of patients undergoing echocardiography before and after surgical AVF/AVG creation for the initiation of haemodialysis...
March 6, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297068/drug-eluting-balloons-for-resistant-arteriovenous-dialysis-access-stenosis
#20
Dimitrios Karnabatidis, Panagiotis Kitrou
Vascular access maintenance is vital for hemodialysis patients. Conventional balloon angioplasty is the gold standard of treatment in endovascular therapy according to published guidelines, accompanied by bare metal stents as a bail-out method. Several devices have been used so far with a view to improve patency outcomes, but only covered stents have been proposed as a valid alternative and only for venous juxta-anastomotic stenosis of arteriovenous grafts. Paclitaxel-coated balloons (PCBs) have been extensively investigated in the last few years in pilot studies with small numbers of patients in dialysis access...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
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