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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886220/removal-of-non-infected-arteriovenous-fistulae-following-kidney-transplantation-is-a-safe-and-beneficial-management-strategy-for-unused-dialysis-access
#1
Charles D Fraser, Joshua C Grimm, Rui Han Liu, Russell N Wesson, Faris Azar, Robert J Beaulieu, Thomas Reifsnyder
INTRODUCTION: Renal transplant recipients often maintain their hemodialysis access in the event of future allograft failure. Patients may develop complications related to the unused dialysis access and it also limits vein availability for phlebotomy. Accordingly, a change in the current paradigm may be warranted. This study evaluates the indications for, and safety of, arteriovenous fistula (AVF) removal in patients following successful renal transplantation. METHODS: All patients that underwent AVF excision at a single institution from 2006-2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 7, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886213/endovascular-treatment-of-a-large-iliac-vein-aneurysm-and-high-flow-arteriovenous-fistula
#2
Michael P DeWane, Wassim H Fares, Cassius Iyad Ochoa Chaar
Aneurysms associated with arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) are rare but can cause significant morbidity. They are often diagnosed after rupture, pain, or embolization. We describe a unique case of a 35-year-old woman with a large iliac vein aneurysm related to an acquired AVF incidentally discovered on ultrasound during pregnancy. She had a diagnosis of "idiopathic" pulmonary hypertension for several years. This report details the diagnosis and treatment with an arterial stent graft that was effective in decreasing the size of the venous aneurysm and reversing the systemic changes associated with the disease...
June 7, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859664/mechanical-thrombectomy-in-acute-thrombosis-of-dialysis-arteriovenous-fistulae-and-grafts-using-a-vacuum-assisted-thrombectomy-catheter-a-multicenter-study
#3
Clément Marcelin, Stephen D'Souza, Yann Le Bras, Francois Petitpierre, Nicolas Grenier, Jos C van den Berg, Bella Huasen
PURPOSE: To prospectively analyze technical and clinical outcome of percutaneous thrombectomy aspiration using a vacuum-assisted thrombectomy catheter in acutely thrombosed dialysis arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and/or arteriovenous graft (AVG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2016 to April 2017, 35 patients (average age, 61.8 y; range, 33-81 y) presenting with acute thrombosis of dialysis AVF and/or AVG were prospectively evaluated for mechanical thrombectomy using the Indigo System...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843997/percutaneous-transanastomotic-stent-graft-deployment-to-salvage-dysfunctional-native-forearm-radiocephalic-fistulae-feasibility-and-primary-patency-at-12-months
#4
Pietro Quaretti, Giovanni Leati, Lorenzo Paolo Moramarco, Nicola Cionfoli, Riccardo Corti, Carmine Tinelli, Ilaria Fiorina, Franco Galli
PURPOSE: To evaluate feasibility and efficacy of transanastomotic self-expandable polytetrafluoroethylene stent graft placement for salvage of radiocephalic arteriovenous fistulae (RCAVFs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2008 to 2016, 26 patients (21 male; age, 38-80 y) with dysfunctional RCAVFs for juxtaanastomotic lesions that were unresponsive to angioplasty underwent transanastomotic stent graft placement. Stenotic and thrombotic lesions were included. All were deemed unsuitable for surgical revision...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793010/restoration-of-autologous-arteriovenous-fistula-by-removal-of-the-occluded-short-venous-part-and-venovenous-end-to-end-anastomosis-in-a-hemodialysis-patient
#5
Tsuyoshi Takashima, Keiichiro Matsumoto, Chihiro Takeshita, Eriko Nonaka, Sae Matsushita, Makoto Fukuda, Motoaki Miyazono, Yuji Ikeda
Standard salvage procedures for occuluded autologous arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in a hemodialysis patient are endovascular and/or surgical therapy. When endovascular therapy and thrombectomy prove unsuccessful, it is most likely that creating a new AVF or arteriovenous graft will be considered. However, if the occuluded venous part is short, we have adopted an operative technique for repair of AVF by removal of the occluded short venous part and venovenous end-to-end anastomosis. To our knowledge, the efficacy and clinical course of restoration of AVF by the technique have not been reported to date...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786818/management-of-traumatic-arteriovenous-fistulas-a-tertiary-academic-center-experience
#6
Mazlum Şahin, Cihan Yücel, Eyüp Murat Kanber, Fatma Tuba İlal Mert, Burcu Bıçakhan
BACKGROUND: To present the surgical experience at a tertiary academic center of treating patients with traumatic arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) who in whom endovascular treatment was contraindicated or in whom unsuccessful endovascular treatment had been performed. METHODS: A total of 27 patients with traumatic AVFs who underwent surgery between September 2014 and May 2016 were included. The site of injury, timing of surgery, and the surgical methods utilized were analyzed retrospectively...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785307/a-review-of-percutaneous-transluminal-angioplasty-in-hemodialysis-fistula
#7
REVIEW
Ioannis Bountouris, Georgia Kritikou, Nikolaos Degermetzoglou, Konstantinos Ioannis Avgerinos
The number of patients in dialysis increases every year. In this review, we will evaluate the role of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) according to patency of arteriovenous fistula and grafts. The main indication of PΤΑ is stenosis > 50% or obstruction of the vascular lumen of an arteriovenous fistula and graft. It is usually performed under local anesthesia. The infection rate is as low as the number of complications. Fistula can be used in dialysis in the same day without the need for a central venous catheter...
2018: International Journal of Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784614/tradeoffs-in-vascular-access-selection-in-elderly-patients-initiating-hemodialysis-with-a-catheter
#8
Timmy Lee, Joyce Qian, Mae Thamer, Michael Allon
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: National vascular access guidelines recommend placement of arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) over grafts (AVGs) in hemodialysis patients, but have not been comprehensively assessed in the elderly. We evaluated clinically relevant vascular access outcomes in elderly patients receiving an AVF or AVG after hemodialysis therapy initiation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using national administrative data. SETTINGS & PARTCIPANTS: Claims data from the US Renal Data System of 9,458 US patients 67 years and older who initiated hemodialysis therapy from July 1, 2010, to June 30, 2011, with a catheter and received an AVF (n=7,433) or AVG (n=2,025) within the ensuing 6 months...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753404/cardiovascular-disease-after-kidney-transplant
#9
REVIEW
Nitesh N Rao, P Toby Coates
Renal transplantation is the preferred treatment for patients with end-stage kidney disease. However, despite successful kidney transplantation, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains one of the major causes of patient death and hence graft loss. The antecedents of this increased risk reside within the development of end-stage kidney disease and dialysis. Risk factors for the development of CVD include diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Other transplant-specific factors include the presence of a patent arteriovenous fistula and immunosuppressive therapy...
May 2018: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750603/differential-gene-expression-patterns-in-vein-regions-susceptible-versus-resistant-to-neointimal-hyperplasia
#10
Sun Hyung Kwon, Li Li, Christi M Terry, Yan-Ting Shiu, Philip J Moos, Brett A Milash, Alfred K Cheung, Donald K Blumenthal
Arteriovenous hemodialysis graft (AVG) stenosis results in thrombosis and AVG failure, and develops chiefly as a consequence of localized neointimal hyperplasia (NH) formation in the vein-graft anastomosis region. The vein region just downstream of the vein-graft anastomosis (herein termed proximal vein region) is relatively resistant to NH. Prevention of AVG stenosis has been ineffective due in part to our limited understanding of the molecular processes involved in NH formation. We hypothesized that the gene expression profiles of the NH-prone and NH-resistant regions will be different from each other after graft placement, and analysis of their genomic profiles may yield therapeutic targets to prevent AVG stenosis...
May 11, 2018: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742601/two-different-causes-of-decreased-activity-on-ipsilateral-iliac-artery-in-renal-transplant-scintigraphy
#11
Bulent Yazici, Aylin Oral, Mumtaz Yilmaz, Aysegül Akgün, Huseyin Toz
In 2 patients, perfusion images of renal transplant scintigraphy showed similarly decreased activity on ipsilateral iliac artery. One's graft was photopenic because of arterial thrombosis. However, the other's graft had sufficient perfusion and no abnormality in iliac arteries, but he had femoral arteriovenous graft for hemodialysis on the contralateral side. So, in this patient, decreased activity on ipsilateral iliac artery was probably related to increased arterial flow of the contralateral side. It should be considered that decreased activity on ipsilateral iliac artery in perfusion images is not only due to ipsilateral problem; the cause could be on the contralateral side...
July 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738329/transthoracic-arteriovenous-graft-repair-with-the-pectoralis-pecs-ii-nerve-block-for-primary-intraoperative-anesthesia-and-postoperative-analgesia-a-case-report
#12
Gabriel Farkas, Garret Weber, Jonathon Miller, Jeff Xu
The PECS II nerve block is a relatively new regional anesthetic technique that targets the medial and lateral pectoral nerves, as well as the lateral cutaneous branches of the intercostal nerves. It has been described for surgical cases involving the breast, as an adjunct or alternative to neuraxial or paravertebral techniques. This case report describes the first successful use of the PECS II nerve block placed using ultrasound guidance as the primary anesthetic and postoperative analgesic in a non-breast-related chest wall surgery...
May 7, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737013/incremental-dialysis-for-preserving-residual-kidney-function-does-one-size-fit-all-when-initiating-dialysis
#13
Anna T Mathew, Yoshitsugu Obi, Connie M Rhee, Jason A Chou, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
While many patients have substantial residual kidney function (RKF) when initiating hemodialysis (HD), most patients with end stage renal disease in the United States are initiated on 3-times per week conventional HD regimen, with little regard to RKF or patient preference. RKF is associated with many benefits including survival, volume control, solute clearance, and reduced inflammation. Several strategies have been recommended to preserve RKF after HD initiation, including an incremental approach to HD initiation...
May 7, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730781/role-of-antiplatelet-therapy-in-the-durability-of-hemodialysis-access
#14
Satinderjit Locham, Robert J Beaulieu, Hanaa Dakour-Aridi, Besma Nejim, Mahmoud B Malas
BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet therapy (APT) is often used on anecdotal grounds to improve vascular access patency. The aim of this study was to assess the role of APT in hemodialysis (HD) patients undergoing arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or graft (AVG) placement. METHODS: All patients in a large HD vascular qualitative initiative database (2011-2017) were included and divided into no antiplatelet therapy (no-APT) vs. any APT [aspirin (ASA) or P2Y12 inhibitors (PI)]. Multivariate [logistic (MLR) and Cox (MCR) regression] analyses were used as appropriate...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722286/new-insertion-support-device-assisted-the-accurate-placement-of-tunneled-cuffed-catheter-first-experience-of-10-cases
#15
Toshiaki Ohara, Kazufumi Sakurama, Satoshi Hiramatsu, Toshimasa Karai, Toshiaki Sato, Yuta Nishina
INTRODUCTION: The tunneled cuffed catheter is used in hemodialysis patients for whom an arteriovenous fistula or arteriovenous graft is not suitable or for bridging usage of them. Accurate placement of a tunneled cuffed catheter is necessary for safe hemodialysis, but placement is sometimes difficult because of individual body differences. We developed a new device to support accurate placement of the tunneled cuffed catheter. In this study, we report our first clinical experience of the device...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706343/an-economic-analysis-of-stent-grafts-for-treatment-of-vascular-access-stenosis-point-of-care-and-medicare-perspectives-in-the-united-states
#16
Bart Dolmatch, Andrew Hogan, Nicole Ferko
PURPOSE: To conduct an economic analysis on the impact of increased stent graft (SG) use for treatment of arteriovenous graft (AVG) anastomotic stenosis or arteriovenous fistula (AVF)/AVG in-stent restenosis (ISR) from United States point-of-care (POC) and Medicare perspectives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analyses compared initial device and reintervention costs over 2 years between current and projected treatment mixes, including percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), bare metal stents (BMSs), and SGs...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701413/true-brachial-artery-aneurysm-in-a-patient-with-vascular-access-for-haemodialysis-and-kidney-graft
#17
Mafalda Correia, André Marinho, Carolina Mendes, Luís Antunes, Óscar Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: True brachial artery aneurysms are rare and some of them have been described as a late complication in patients with vascular access for haemodialysis and kidney graft. The purpose of this paper is to present a clinical case of a patient with a true brachial artery aneurysm and its following treatment. METHODS: This case concerns a caucasian male patient with 43 years old who had vesicoureteral reflux at 7 years old, and subsequent end-stage renal disease, and started on haemodialysis at the age of twelve...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701411/true-brachial-artery-aneurysm-after-arteriovenous-fistula-for-hemodialysis-case-report
#18
Tiago Soares, Ricardo Castro-Ferreira, João Rocha Neves, Marina Neto, Joel Sousa, José Pedro Pinto, Luis Gamas, Alfredo Cerqueira, Sérgio Sampaio, José Fernando Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: Brachial artery aneurysms are relatively uncommon and generally due to infectious, post-traumatic or iatrogenic etiology. They seem to affect 4.5% of arteriovenous fistula. The usual manifestation is an accidental finding of a pulsatile, painless, and asymptomatic mass. Complications include sac thrombosis, thromboembolic ischaemic events, and disruption with profuse bleeding. METHODS: The aim of this study is to present a case of true brachial artery aneurysm in end-stage renal disease patient after arteriovenous fistula creation...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701407/creative-vascular-access-construction-in-same-patient
#19
Pedro Pinto Sousa, Paulo Almeida, Pedro Sá Pinto, Rui Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Creating and maintaining a functional vascular access(VA) is a critical factor in the survival of a dialysis patient. However, it will not function forever, implying a creative attitude from the vascular surgeon either to maintain its functionality or built a new one wherever possible, being it autologous or synthetic. METHODS: Describe the VA history of a 59years-old male with morbid obesity and end-stage chronic kidney disease. RESULTS: His VA construction started in2012 with failed attempts in both forearms until a functional brachiocephalic artery-venous fistula(AVF) in the right upper limb was achieved, but was deemed to ligation as severe venous hypertension secondary to central venous disease related to CVC use...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701383/aneurysms-of-the-upper-limb-review-of-an-experience
#20
Mafalda Correia, Luís Antunes, Óscar Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: True arterial aneurysms of the upper limb are rare and their treatment is intended to avoid complications as distal embolization or compression of surrounding neurovascular structures. The purpose of this study is to review the experience in the surgical treatment of true arterial aneurysms of the upper limb. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with true arterial aneurysms of the upper limb surgically treated between January 2007 and August 2017...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
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