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Linear conversion

Suleyman Kutalmiş Buyuk, Mevlut Celikoglu, Yasin Atakan Benkli, Ahmet Ercan Sekerci
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the transverse craniofacial morphology of the adolescent patients affected by unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and to compare the findings with age- and sex-matched control group without any cleft using their cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. METHODS: The study sample (n = 56 patients; mean age: 14.35 ± 3.06 years) consisted of 26 UCLP (n = 26 patients; 10 women and 16 men; mean age: 13.70 ± 2...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Willinton Y Hernández, Kevin De Vlieger, Pascal Van Der Voort, An Verberckmoes
A series of Ni-Cu hydrotalcite-derived mixed oxides have been synthesized and evaluated as heterogeneous catalysts for the dimerization of linear aliphatic alcohols to afford β-branched Guerbet alcohols. The use of the hydrotalcite-structured catalyst precursor highly favors the catalyst stability. This Cu/Ni catalyst has an enhanced reducibility of Ni(2+) species under reaction conditions, favoring the hydrogen transfer and hydrogenation capacity of the catalyst system. Catalytic results are reported for C8 , mixed C8 /C10 , and C18 alcohol feeds, with full conversions and Guerbet product purities of 72...
October 20, 2016: ChemSusChem
N Van Peteghem, H Bosmans, N W Marshall
To propose and validate a non-prewhitening with eye filter (NPWE) model observer as an alternative means of quantifying and specifying imaging performance for general radiography detectors, in a comparative study with contrast detail analysis and detective quantum efficiency (DQE). Five different x-ray detectors were assessed, covering a range of detector technologies including powder computed radiography (CR), needle CR, and three indirect conversion flat panel digital radiography detectors (DR). For each detector, threshold contrast detail (c-d) detectability was measured using the Leeds TO20 test object...
November 7, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
James Scholey
The classical view of the RAS is a linear signaling pathway beginning with the conversion of angiotensinogen to ANG I by renin, an enzyme secreted by the kidney. ANG I is converted to ANG II by angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) ANG II binds to the G-protein coupled angiotensin II receptor type 1. The RAS is a circulating system but we now know that the RAS is also locally expressed in a number of tissues, including the kidneys and the heart. ANG II exerts adverse hemodynamic and non-hemodynamic effects on renal cells...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Melanie S Fischer, Donald H Baucom, Brian R Baucom, Jonathan S Abramowitz, Jennifer S Kirby, Cynthia M Bulik
Impaired emotion regulation and maladaptive strategies to manage distress are central to psychopathology, including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and anorexia nervosa (AN). Emotion regulation can be fostered or thwarted by romantic partners, and the tendency to rely on interpersonally oriented emotion regulation may vary by disorder. This study examined coregulation as a form of interpersonal emotion regulation in OCD and AN. We hypothesized that OCD is associated with exaggerated and AN with diminished coregulation, and that OCD patients have greater overall levels of emotional arousal than AN patients...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Ilenia Idda, Nadia Spano, Marco Ciulu, Valeria M Nurchi, Angelo Panzanelli, Maria I Pilo, Gavino Sanna
Saccharides are functional constituents of milk. Although d-lactose represents almost the totality of the saccharides in the milk, minor species, like d-glucose, d-galactose, myo-inositol and, as a result of severe thermal treatments, monosaccharides like d-tagatose, are also detectable. Although chromatography has been the main analytical approach used for accomplishing this task, quite surprisingly a validated gas chromatographic method aimed at the simultaneous determination of these compounds is still needed...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Qiang Wang, Liping Huang, Yuzhen Pan, Xie Quan, Gianluca Li Puma
The role of Fe(III) was investigated as an electron-shuttle mediator to enhance the reduction rate of the toxic heavy metal hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) in wastewaters, using microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The direct reduction of chromate (CrO4(-)) and dichromate (Cr2O7(2-)) anions in MFCs was hampered by the electrical repulsion between the negatively charged cathode and Cr(VI) functional groups. In contrast, in the presence of Fe(III), the conversion of Cr(VI) and the cathodic coulombic efficiency in the MFCs were 65...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
C Goupil, H Ouerdane, E Herbert, G Benenti, Y D'Angelo, Ph Lecoeur
We present the closed-loop approach to linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics considering a generic heat engine dissipatively connected to two temperature baths. The system is usually quite generally characterized by two parameters: the output power P and the conversion efficiency η, to which we add a third one, the working frequency ω. We establish that a detailed understanding of the effects of the dissipative coupling on the energy conversion process requires only knowing two quantities: the system's feedback factor β and its open-loop gain A_{0}, which product A_{0}β characterizes the interplay between the efficiency, the output power, and the operating rate of the system...
September 2016: Physical Review. E
Ari J Elliot, Nicholas A Turiano, Benjamin P Chapman
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic health disparities research may benefit from further consideration of dispositional factors potentially modifying risk associated with low socioeconomic status, including that indexed by systemic inflammation. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate interactions of SES and the Five-Factor Model (FFM) personality traits in predicting circulating concentrations of the inflammatory markers interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP)...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Nese Direk, Marieke J H J Dekker, Annemarie I Luik, Clemens Kirschbaum, Yolanda B de Rijke, Albert Hofman, Witte J G Hoogendijk, Henning Tiemeier
Determinants of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning are increasingly explored in population-based studies. However, functional tests measuring the negative feedback of the HPA axis cannot easily be implemented into large observational studies. Furthermore, high doses of dexamethasone often completely suppress the HPA axis in healthy persons. This study aimed to detect the effects of the health, lifestyle and sociodemographic factors, psychiatric problems and cognitive functions on the negative feedback of the HPA axis using a very low-dose (0...
2016: PloS One
Jose M Colomina, Pere Cavallé-Busquets, Sílvia Fernàndez-Roig, Pol Solé-Navais, Joan D Fernandez-Ballart, Mónica Ballesteros, Per M Ueland, Klaus Meyer, Michelle M Murphy
: The effect of the betaine: homocysteine methyltransferase BHMT c.716G>A (G: guanosine; A: adenosine) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on the BHMT pathway is unknown during pregnancy. We hypothesised that it impairs betaine to dimethylglycine conversion and that folate status modifies its effect. We studied 612 women from the Reus Tarragona Birth Cohort from ≤12 gestational weeks (GW) throughout pregnancy. The frequency of the variant BHMT c.716A allele was 30.8% (95% confidence interval (CI): 28...
October 9, 2016: Nutrients
Furi Ling, Gang Yao, Jianquan Yao
A plasmon-induced polarization conversion (PIPC) structure based on periodically patterned graphene was demonstrated in the THz regime. By varying the Fermi level of two connected T-shape graphene strips through the electrostatic gating, the peak frequency and the group index in the transparency window can be tuned, which is good agreement with the coupled Lorentz oscillator model. Due to interference between two polarization selective graphene plasmonic resonances coexisting in the planar metamaterial, polarization conversion can be achieved...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Michael A Terzidis, Andreea Prisecaru, Zara Molphy, Niall Barron, Antonio Randazzo, Elise Dumont, Marios G Krokidis, Andrew Kellett, Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu
Herein we report the quantification of purine lesions arising from gamma-radiation sourced hydroxyl radicals (HO(•)) on tertiary dsDNA helical forms of supercoiled (SC), open circular (OC) and linear (L) conformation, along with single-stranded folded and non-folded sequences of guanine rich DNA in selected G-quadruplex structures. We identify that DNA helical topology and folding plays major, and unexpected, roles in the formation of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyadenosine (8-oxo-dA), along with tandem-type purine lesions 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyguanosine (5',8-cdG) and 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine (5',8-cdA)...
October 13, 2016: Free Radical Research
Liangang Xiao, Song Chen, Ke Gao, Xiaobin Peng, Feng Liu, Yong Cao, Wai-Yeung Wong, Wai-Kwok Wong, Xunjin Zhu
To mimic the natural photosynthetic systems utilizing chlorophylls to absorb light and store light energy, two new porphyrin-based small molecules of PTTR and PTTCNR have been developed for photovoltaic applications. The highest power conversion efficiency of 8.21% is achieved, corresponding to a short-circuit current of 14.30 mA cm-2, open-circuit voltage of 0.82 V, and fill factor of 70.01%. The excellent device performances can be ascribed to the engineering of molecule structure and film morphology. The horizontal conjugation of 3,3''-dihexyl-terthiophene to porphyrin-core with the vertical aliphatic 2-octylundecyl peripheral substitutions, can not only effectively increase the solar flux coverage between the conventional Soret and Q bands of porphyrin unit, but also optimize molecular packing through polymorphism associated with side-chains and the linear π-conjugated backbones...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sandra L Gómez, Yesid Montoya, Nora L Garcia, Ana L Virgen, Javier E Botero
The aim of this study was to compare frictional resistance among conventional, passive and active selfligating brackets using Finite Elements Analysis (FEA). Seventynine (79) slide tests were performed by combining an upper first bicuspid conventional bracket, 0.018" stainless steel wires and 0.010" ligature by means of an INSTRON 3345 load system to obtain average maximum static frictional resistance (MSFR). This value was compared to the FR (frictional resistance) obtained by simulation of a slide of the same combination by FEA following conventional bracket modeling by means of Computer Aided Design (CAD)...
September 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Lorenzo Loffredo, Roberto Cangemi, Ludovica Perri, Elisa Catasca, Camilla Calvieri, Roberto Carnevale, Cristina Nocella, Francesco Equitani, Domenico Ferro, Francesco Violi, Simona Battaglia, Giuliano Bertazzoni, Elisa Biliotti, Tommaso Bucci, Cinzia Myriam Calabrese, Marco Casciaro, Andrea Celestini, Maurizio De Angelis, Paolo De Marzio, Rozenn Esvan, Marco Falcone, Lucia Fazi, Lucia Fontanelli Sulekova, Cristiana Franchi, Laura Giordo, Stefania Grieco, Elisa Manzini, Paolo Marinelli, Michela Mordenti, Sergio Morelli, Paolo Palange, Daniele Pastori, Pasquale Pignatelli, Marco Rivano Capparuccia, Giulio Francesco Romiti, Elisabetta Rossi, Eleonora Ruscio, Alessandro Russo, Maria Gabriella Scarpellini, Luisa Solimando, Gloria Taliani, Stefano Trapè, Filippo Toriello
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is complicated by cardiovascular events as myocardial infarction and stroke but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. We hypothesized that endothelial dysfunction may be implicated and that endotoxemia may have a role. METHODS: Fifty patients with CAP and 50 controls were enrolled. At admission and at discharge, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), serum levels of endotoxins and oxidative stress, as assessed by serum levels of nitrite/nitrate (NOx) and isoprostanes, were studied...
October 7, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Wenwen Tu, Huijuan Cao, Long Zhang, Jianchun Bao, Xuhui Liu, Zhihui Dai
Using Au nanoparticles (NPs) decorated water-soluble ZnSe-COOH nanoflakes (NFs), an ultrasensitive photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensing strategy based on the dual signal amplification was proposed. As a result of the localized surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of Au NPs, the ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrum of Au NPs overlapped with emission spectra of ZnSe-COOH NFs, which generated efficient resonant energy transfer (RET) between ZnSe-COOH NFs and Au NPs. The RET improved photoelectric conversion efficiency of ZnSe-COOH NFs and significantly amplified PEC signal...
October 10, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Yuchen Ding, Prashant Nagpal
Several strategies are currently being investigated for conversion of incident sunlight into renewable sources of energy, and photocatalytic or photoelectrochemical production of solar fuels can provide an important alternative. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has been heavily investigated as a material of choice due to its excellent optoelectronic properties and stability, and anion-doping proposed as a pathway to improve light absorption as well as improving the efficiency of oxygen production. While several studies have used morphological tuning, elemental doping, and surface engineering in TiO2 to extend its absorption, there is a need to optimize simultaneously charge transport and improve interfacial chemical reaction kinetics...
October 14, 2016: Nanoscale
Manel Ben Osman, Sarah Diallo Garcia, Jean-Marc Krafft, Christophe Methivier, Juliette Blanchard, Tetsuya Yoshioka, Jun Kubo, Guylène Costentin
Hydroxyapatites are increasingly used as heterogeneous catalysts since they present atypical behaviours for many acid base reactions. The aim of this study was to discuss the possible involvement of Ca(2+) Lewis and/or PO-H Brønsted acid sites belonging to the hydroxyapatite system in the conversion of 2-methylbut-3-yn-1-ol, a model molecule that is known to account for the acid base properties, and of ethanol into n-butanol. A series of hydroxyapatite samples with similar bulk properties was prepared from a lone precipitation batch, but by varying the conditions of the washing and drying steps...
October 12, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Yaguang Zhao, Xu Liu, Yuchu Liu, Zhenqiang Wu, Xianyuan Zhao, Xuefeng Fu
Photo responsive polyethyl vinyl ketone (PEVK) and various block copolymers were prepared through the visible light induced cobalt mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) process. The first order kinetics and linear increase in molecular weight with conversion demonstrated a well-behaved system. Chain extension experiments showed the retention of the living end of PEVK.
October 4, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
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