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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546007/development-and-validation-of-the-halt-hcc-score-to-predict-mortality-in-liver-transplant-recipients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#1
Kazunari Sasaki, Daniel J Firl, Koji Hashimoto, Masato Fujiki, Teresa Diago-Uso, Cristiano Quintini, Bijan Eghtesad, John J Fung, Federico N Aucejo, Charles M Miller
BACKGROUND: Tumour morphological criteria for determining the appropriateness of liver transplantation in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma poorly estimate post-transplantation mortality. The aim of this study was to develop and assess the utility of a continuous risk score in predicting overall survival following liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: We did a retrospective cohort analysis to develop a continuous multivariable risk score for assessment of overall survival following liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma...
May 22, 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544439/effects-of-cognitive-impairment-on-prosodic-parameters-of-speech-production-planning-in-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Céline De Looze, Noémie Moreau, Laurent Renié, Finnian Kelly, Alain Ghio, Audrey Rico, Bertrand Audoin, François Viallet, Jean Pelletier, Caterina Petrone
Cognitive impairment (CI) affects 40-65% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). CI can have a negative impact on a patient's everyday activities, such as engaging in conversations. Speech production planning ability is crucial for successful verbal interactions and thus for preserving social and occupational skills. This study investigates the effect of cognitive-linguistic demand and CI on speech production planning in MS, as reflected in speech prosody. A secondary aim is to explore the clinical potential of prosodic features for the prediction of an individual's cognitive status in MS...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542536/comparison-of-matrix-frequency-doubling-technology-perimetry-and-standard-automated-perimetry-in-monitoring-the-development-of-visual-field-defects-for-glaucoma-suspect-eyes
#3
Rongrong Hu, Chenkun Wang, Lyne Racette
BACKGROUND: Perimetry is indispensable for the clinical management of glaucoma suspects. Our goal is to compare the performance of standard automated perimetry (SAP) and Matrix frequency-doubling technology (FDT) perimetry in monitoring the development of visual field (VF) defects in glaucoma suspect eyes. METHODS: Longitudinal data of paired SAP and FDT from 221 eyes of 155 glaucoma suspects enrolled in the Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study or the African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539633/ultrashort-vortex-from-a-gaussian-pulse-an-achromatic-interferometric-approach
#4
Dinesh N Naik, Nabil A Saad, D Narayana Rao, Nirmal K Viswanathan
The more than a century old Sagnac interferometer is put to first of its kind use to generate an achromatic single-charge vortex equivalent to a Laguerre-Gaussian beam possessing orbital angular momentum (OAM). The interference of counter-propagating polychromatic Gaussian beams of beam waist ωλ with correlated linear phase (ϕ 0  ≥ 0.025 λ) and lateral shear (y 0  ≥ 0.05 ωλ) in orthogonal directions is shown to create a vortex phase distribution around the null interference. Using a wavelength-tunable continuous-wave laser the entire range of visible wavelengths is shown to satisfy the condition for vortex generation to achieve a highly stable white-light vortex with excellent propagation integrity...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538087/total-brain-and-hippocampal-volumes-and-cognition-in-older-american-indians-the-strong-heart-study
#5
Brenna Cholerton, Adam Omidpanah, Tara M Madhyastha, Thomas J Grabowski, Astrid M Suchy-Dicey, Dean K Shibata, Lonnie A Nelson, Steven P Verney, Barbara V Howard, William T Longstreth, Thomas J Montine, Dedra Buchwald
BACKGROUND: Estimates of hippocampal volume by magnetic resonance imaging have clinical and cognitive correlations and can assist in early Alzheimer disease diagnosis. However, little is known about the relationship between global or regional brain volumes and cognitive test performance in American Indians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: American Indian participants (N=698; median age, 72 y) recruited for the Cerebrovascular Disease and its Consequences in American Indians study, an ancillary study of the Strong Heart Study cohort, were enrolled...
April 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536056/predicting-healthy-eating-intention-and-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-during-pregnancy-in-australia-using-the-theory-of-planned-behaviour
#6
Lenka Malek, Wendy J Umberger, Maria Makrides, ShaoJia Zhou
This study aims to aid in the development of more effective healthy eating intervention strategies for pregnant women by understanding the relationship between healthy eating intention and actual eating behaviour. Specifically, the study explored whether Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) constructs [attitude, subjective-norm, perceived-behavioural-control (PBC)] and additional psychosocial variables (perceived stress, health value and self-identity as a healthy eater) are useful in explaining variance in women's 1) intentions to consume a healthy diet during pregnancy and 2) food consumption behaviour (e...
May 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535032/applying-thienyl-side-chains-and-different-%C3%AF-bridge-to-aromatic-side-chain-substituted-indacenodithiophene-based-small-molecule-donors-for-high-performance-organic-solar-cells
#7
Jin-Liang Wang, Kai-Kai Liu, Sha Liu, Feng Liu, Hongbin Wu, Yong Cao, Thomas P Russell
A pair of linear tetrafluorinated small molecular donors, named as ThIDTTh4F and ThIDTSe4F, which are with tetrathienyl-substituted IDT as electron-rich central core, electron-deficient difluorobenzothiadiazole as acceptor units, and donor end-capping groups, but having differences in the π-bridge (thiophene and selenophene), were successfully synthesized and evaluated as donor materials in organic solar cells. Such π-bridge and core units in these small molecules play a decisive role in the formation of the nanoscale separation of the blend films, which were systematically investigated through absorption spectra, grazing incidence X-ray diffraction pattern, transmission electron microscopy images, resonant soft X-ray scattering profiles, and charge mobility measurement...
May 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532523/immune-responses-intestinal-microbiota-performance-and-blood-characteristics-of-japanese-quail-fed-on-diets-containing-camphor
#8
A Sedaghat, M A Karimi Torshizi
This study aimed to investigate the effect of supplemental camphor on the performance and immune functions of Japanese quail by feeding graded levels (0 (control), 250, 500, 750, 1000, 5000 or 10 000 ppm) of camphor during a 42-day feeding trial. In all, 280 1-day-old quail chicks were randomly assigned into 28 cages of 10 chicks each with separate feeders. The results clearly demonstrated that camphor did not have a significant effect on BW, BW gain, total experimental average daily feed intake, feed conversion ratio, internal organ relative weights and biochemical parameters such as uric acid, albumin, total protein and triglyceride; however, plasma cholesterol concentration was significantly different in a linear manner, in which 500 ppm of camphor resulted in a lower level of cholesterol...
May 23, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531558/accumulation-translocation-and-conversion-of-six-arsenic-species-in-rice-plants-grown-near-a-mine-impacted-city
#9
Li Ma, Lin Wang, Yuyu Jia, Zhaoguang Yang
Paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) as the staple food in China was found to be efficient in accumulating arsenic (As) due to cultivated in flooded paddy soil. Uptake and translocation of As in rice plant depended on the As species. In this work, rice plant samples including roots, straws and grains as well as rhizosphere soils were collected from paddy fields near Changsha, a mine impacted city in Southern China. The total As concentrations in the collected samples were observed in the descending order as root > soil > straw > grain...
May 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527805/effects-of-replacement-of-late-harvested-grass-silage-and-barley-with-early-harvested-silage-on-milk-production-and-methane-emissions
#10
E H Cabezas-Garcia, S J Krizsan, K J Shingfield, P Huhtanen
This study evaluated the effects of gradual replacement of a mixture of late-cut grass silage (LS) and barley with early-cut grass silage (ES) on milk production, CH4 emissions, and N utilization in Swedish Red cows. Two grass silages were prepared from the same primary growth of timothy grass sward but harvested 2 wk apart [11.0 and 9.7 MJ of metabolizable energy/kg of dry matter (DM)]. Four diets, fed as a total mixed ration, were formulated to meet the metabolizable energy and protein requirements of 35 kg of energy-corrected milk (ECM) by gradually replacing a mixture of LS and barley with ES (0, 33, 67, and 100% of the forage component of the diet), whereas the proportion of barley decreased from 47...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521034/effects-of-dietary-gallic-acid-supplementation-on-performance-antioxidant-status-and-jejunum-intestinal-morphology-in-broiler-chicks
#11
K G Samuel, J Wang, H Y Yue, S G Wu, H J Zhang, Z Y Duan, G H Qi
Gallic acid (GA), widely distributed in plants and feeds, is known to have a diverse range of activities such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-allergic, anti-mutagenic, and anti-carcinogenic. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of inclusion of dietary GA at levels 0, 25, 50, 75, 100, or 150 mg/kg on growth performance, antioxidant status, and jejunum intestinal morphology of broiler chicks. In total, 630 one-day-old Arbor Acres (AA) male broiler chicks were randomly allotted to 6 treatment groups for a period of 6 weeks...
May 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520811/body-shape-index-sex-specific-differences-in-predictive-power-for-all-cause-mortality-in-the-japanese-population
#12
Yuji Sato, Shouichi Fujimoto, Tsuneo Konta, Kunitoshi Iseki, Toshiki Moriyama, Kunihiro Yamagata, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Ichiei Narita, Masahide Kondo, Masato Kasahara, Yugo Shibagaki, Koichi Asahi, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
BACKGROUND: While body mass index (BMI) is the most widely used anthropometric measure, its association with all-cause mortality is generally J-shaped or U-shaped. A body shape index (ABSI) is a recently formulated anthropometric measure that shows linear relationship to all-cause mortality, especially in Caucasian cohorts. We aimed to address the relationship between ABSI and all-cause mortality in Asians and to assess the influence of sex difference and of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on this relationship...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517370/evaluation-of-dietary-methionine-requirement-of-male-korean-native-ducks-for-3%C3%A2-weeks-post-hatching
#13
Jaehong Yoo, Young-Joo Yi, Samiru S Wickramasuriya, Eunjoo Kim, Taeg Kyun Shin, Nu Ri Kim, Jung Min Heo
A total of 336 1-day-old male Korean native ducks (KND) were used in a completely randomized design with seven dietary methionine levels (0.30-0.90% with 0.1% increment) to determine the methionine requirement of male Korean native ducks for 3 weeks after hatching. Each dietary treatment had six replicates with eight ducklings per pen. One duckling from each pen (n = 6) was sacrificed to weigh empty body and drumsticks at the end of the experiment. Final body weight and weight gain of 3 weeks old KND were increased with increasing dietary methionine levels up to 0...
May 18, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511958/selection-of-discriminant-mid-infrared-wavenumbers-by-combining-a-na%C3%A3-ve-bayesian-classifier-and-a-genetic-algorithm-application-to-the-evaluation-of-lignocellulosic-biomass-biodegradation
#14
REVIEW
Abbas Rammal, Eric Perrin, Valeriu Vrabie, Rabih Assaf, Hassan Fenniri
Infrared spectroscopy provides useful information on the molecular compositions of biological systems related to molecular vibrations, overtones, and combinations of fundamental vibrations. Mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy is sensitive to organic and mineral components and has attracted growing interest in the development of biomarkers related to intrinsic characteristics of lignocellulose biomass. However, not all spectral information is valuable for biomarker construction or for applying analysis methods such as classification...
May 13, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507408/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-fermented-fish-silage-on-serum-biochemical-parameters-of-broiler-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#15
Sasmita Panda, Laxman Kumar Babu, Arun Kumar Panda, Tanuja S, Anurag Mohanty, Kuldeep Kumar Panigrahy, Pinaki Samal
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding fermented fish silage (FFS) on serum biochemical parameters of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 192, 7-day-old broiler Japanese quail chicks of either sex, were randomly distributed into four dietary treatments with four replicates in each group having 12 chicks in each replicate pen. The dietary treatments were T1 - Control diet, T2 - Diet containing 5% FFS, T3 - Diet containing 10% FFS, and T4 - Diet containing 15% FFS...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507406/evaluation-of-different-agroindustrial-waste-on-the-effect-of-different-carcass-characteristics-and-physiological-and-biochemical-parameters-in-broilers-chicken
#16
Y Sánchez-Roque, Y D C Pérez-Luna, E Pérez-Luna, R Berrones Hernández, S Saldaña-Trinidad
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the physiological and biochemical effect in chickens of the Ross breed of a food enriched with agroindustrial waste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The food is one of the main components of the total cost for the production of chickens. Rations should be formulated to provide the correct balance of energy, protein, amino acids, minerals, vitamins and essential fatty acids, to allow optimal growth and performance. This study was intended to evaluate a natural feed for chicken, made from corn, yucca meal, eggshells, orange peel, soybean meal, salt and garlic, enriched with agroindustrial waste (molasses, milk whey and ferment of coffee)...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504764/enhanced-performance-in-serial-to-parallel-data-conversion-via-raman-assisted-time-lens-processing
#17
Junying Ru, Qijie Xie, Chaoran Huang, Bofang Zheng, Chester Shu
We have demonstrated a new approach to enhance the uniformity of conversion efficiency in serial-to-parallel data conversion via time lens processing. In our approach, Raman amplification is applied to enhance four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber. By carefully selecting the pump wavelength, the Raman gain profile can be exploited to compensate the roll-off in conversion efficiency resulted from the varying phase mismatch between the linearly chirped pump and the signal. With Raman amplification, improvement of sensitivity up to 6...
May 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503460/relationship-between-mobility-and-self-care-activity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Kyeongwon Kim, Jin Young Kang, Dae-Hyun Jang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors influencing the development of self-care activity, and the association between mobility and self-care activity in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: A total of 63 CP children aged ≥4 years, were studied retrospectively. Children with severe intellectual disability or behavioral problems were excluded. The relationship between the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), the Manual Ability Classification System (MACS), and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) was analyzed...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501173/an-exploiting-of-cost-effective-direct-current-conductivity-detector-in-gas-diffusion-flow-injection-system
#19
Wasin Somboot, Jaroon Jakmunee, Tinakorn Kanyanee
In this work, a homemade direct current (DC) conductivity detector as an alternative cost-effective detection device has been fabricated and investigated to use in flow analysis system. Under the selected appropriate conditions of flow system, the electrolysis of a carrier stream at the conductivity detector was negligible and provides well-defined signal. The cost-effective DC conductivity detector was demonstrated to couple with gas diffusion flow injection system for determination of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in water...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500948/using-reduced-graphene-oxide-ca-cdse-nanocomposite-to-enhance-photoelectrochemical-activity-of-gold-nanoparticles-functionalized-tungsten-oxide-for-highly-sensitive-prostate-specific-antigen-detection
#20
Xueping Wang, Rui Xu, Xu Sun, Yaoguang Wang, Xiang Ren, Bin Du, Dan Wu, Qin Wei
An ultrasensitive sandwich-type photoelectrochemical (PEC) immunosensor was constructed for the detection of prostate specific antigen (PSA). In this work, Au-nanoparticle-loaded tungsten oxide (WO3-Au) hybrid composites was applied as PEC sensing platform, while Ca ions doped CdSe equipped on the conducting framework of reduced graphene oxide (rGO-Ca:CdSe) nanocomposites were employed as the signal amplification probe. As for WO3-Au, massive Au nanoparticles were formed on the surface of WO3 without any additional reducing agent, providing a novel nanocarriers for anchoring plenty of the primary antibodies due to the large specific surface area and good biocompatibility by chemical bonding between Au nanoparticles and -NH2 of antibodies...
May 10, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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