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Linear conversion

Nishchal K Sharma, Mingan Choct, Mehdi Toghyani, Yan C S M Laurenson, C K Girish, Robert A Swick
A 3-factor, 3-level Box-Behnken design was used to investigate the interaction effect of dietary digestible lysine (dLys, 9.5, 10.5, 11.5 g/kg), apparent metabolizable energy (AMEn, 12.77, 13.19, 13.61 MJ/kg) and available P (avP, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0 g/kg) levels on performance and amino acid (AA) digestibility of Ross 308 male broilers (n = 1,050) from d 14 to 34. The design consisted of 15 treatments each replicated 5 times with 12 birds per replicate. On d 34, 3 birds were sampled from each pen to collect ileal digesta (pooled per pen) to analyze AA...
January 11, 2018: Poultry Science
Wuyun Shang, Fajun Xiao, Lei Han, Malin Premaratne, Ting Mei, Jianlin Zhao
We show that an azimuthally polarized beam (APB) excitation of a plasmonic Fano structure made by coupling a split-ring resonator (SRR) to a nanoarc can enhance second harmonic generation (SHG). Strikingly, an almost 30 times enhancement in SHG peak intensity can be achieved when the excitation is switched from a linearly polarized beam (LPB) to an APB. We attribute this significant enhancement of SHG to the corresponding increase in the local field intensity at the fundamental frequency of SHG, resulting from the improved conversion efficiency between the APB excitation and the plasmonic modes of the Fano structure...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Esteban Araya-Hermosilla, José Catalán-Toledo, Fabian Muñoz-Suescun, Felipe Oyarzun-Ampuero, Patrizio Raffa, Lorenzo Massimo Polgar, Francesco Picchioni, Ignacio Moreno-Villoslada
Amphiphilic aromatic polymers have been synthesized by grafting aliphatic polyketones with 4-(aminomethyl)benzoic acid at different molar ratios via the Paal-Knorr reaction. The resulting polymers, showing diketone conversion degree of 16, 37, 53, and 69 %, have been complexed with the redox-active 2,3,5-triphenyl-2H-tetrazolium chloride, precursor molecule with which aromatic-aromatic interactions are held. Upon addition of ascorbic acid to the complexes, in-situ reduction of the tetrazolium salt produced 1,3,5-triphenylformazan nanoparticles stabilized by the amphiphilic polymers...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Daopeng Zhang, Francisco Javier Valverde-Muñoz, Carlos Bartual-Murgui, Lucía Piñeiro-López, M Carmen Muñoz, José Antonio Real
We report an unprecedented series of two-dimensional (2D) spin-crossover (SCO) heterobimetallic coordination polymers generically formulated as {FeII[(HgII(SCN)3)2](L)x}·Solv, where x = 2 for L = tvp (trans-(4,4'-vinylenedipyridine)) (1tvp), bpmh ((1E,2E)-1,2-bis(pyridin-4-ylmethylene)hydrazine) (1bpmh·nCH3OH; n = 0, 1), bpeh ((1E,2E)-1,2-bis(1-(pyridin-4-yl)ethylidene)hydrazine) (1bpeh·nH2O; n = 0, 1) and x = 2.33 for L = bpbz (1,4-bis(pyridin-4-yl)benzene) (1bpbz·nH2O; n = 0, 2/3). The results confirm that self-assembly of FeII, [HgII(SCN)4]2-, and ditopic rodlike bridging ligands L containing 4-pyridyl moieties favors the formation of linear [Fe(μ-L)]n2n+ chains and in situ generated binuclear units {[HgII(SCN)3]2(μ-L)}2-...
January 16, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Zhong Feng Gao, Asmerom Yohannes Ogbe, Ei Ei Sann, Xudong Wang, Fan Xia
Monitoring blood glucose has attracted considerable attention because diabetes mellitus is a global public health problem. Herein, we reported a turn-on fluorescence detection strategy based on manganese dioxide (MnO2)-phenol formaldehyde resin (PFR) nanocomposite for rapid, sensitive, and selective detection of glucose levels in human blood. In this biosensing system, MnO2 nanoshell on the PFR nanoparticle surfaces serve as a quencher. PFR fluorescence can make a recovery in the presence of H2O2, reducing MnO2 to Mn2+...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
Erin E Sundermann, Emily C Edmonds, Lisa Delano-Wood, Douglas R Galasko, David P Salmon, Leah H Rubin, Mark W Bondi
Subjective memory complaints (SMC) are required when diagnosing amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), although their relationship with objective memory performance and Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology remains unclear. We investigated whether the sex of the patient/participant moderates these associations. Participants were 940 normal control (NC) and aMCI participants from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. SMC were assessed via the memory scale of the Everyday Cognition questionnaire. Discrepancy scores were calculated between self- and informant-reports and categorized into "overestimates," "comparable estimates", and "underestimates" of SMC...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Crick Lund, Annibale Cois
BACKGROUND: Two theories have been proposed to explain the observed association between depression and poverty, namely social causation and social drift. Little is known regarding the relative importance of social causation and social drift in low and middle-income countries, where poverty is more severe and where most of the world's depressed individuals live. METHODS: We analysed nationally representative longitudinal data from the National Income Dynamics Study in South Africa and simultaneously tested social causation and social drift hypotheses using structural equation modelling across three waves...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Isao Takayanagi, Norio Yoshimura, Kazuya Mori, Shinichiro Matsuo, Shunsuke Tanaka, Hirofumi Abe, Naoto Yasuda, Kenichiro Ishikawa, Shunsuke Okura, Shinji Ohsawa, Toshinori Otaka
To respond to the high demand for high dynamic range imaging suitable for moving objects with few artifacts, we have developed a single-exposure dynamic range image sensor by introducing a triple-gain pixel and a low noise dual-gain readout circuit. The developed 3 μm pixel is capable of having three conversion gains. Introducing a new split-pinned photodiode structure, linear full well reaches 40 ke-. Readout noise under the highest pixel gain condition is 1 e- with a low noise readout circuit. Merging two signals, one with high pixel gain and high analog gain, and the other with low pixel gain and low analog gain, a single exposure dynamic rage (SEHDR) signal is obtained...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
Spencer A Freeman, Anthony Vega, Magdalena Riedl, Richard F Collins, Phillip P Ostrowski, Elliot C Woods, Carolyn R Bertozzi, Markku I Tammi, Diane S Lidke, Pauline Johnson, Satyajit Mayor, Khuloud Jaqaman, Sergio Grinstein
Phagocytic receptors must diffuse laterally to become activated upon clustering by multivalent targets. Receptor diffusion, however, can be obstructed by transmembrane proteins ("pickets") that are immobilized by interacting with the cortical cytoskeleton. The molecular identity of these pickets and their role in phagocytosis have not been defined. We used single-molecule tracking to study the interaction between Fcγ receptors and CD44, an abundant transmembrane protein capable of indirect association with F-actin, hence likely to serve as a picket...
January 11, 2018: Cell
Ren-Hao Fan, Dong Liu, Ru-Wen Peng, Wen-Bo Shi, Hao Jing, Xian-Rong Huang, Mu Wang
In this work, we demonstrate broadband integrated polarization rotator (IPR) with a series of three-layer rotating metallic grating structures. This transmissive optical IPR can conveniently rotate the polarization of linearly polarized light to any desired directions at different spatial locations with high conversion efficiency, which is nearly constant for different rotation angles. The linear polarization rotation originates from multi-wave interference in the three-layer grating structure. We anticipate that this type of IPR will find wide applications in analytical chemistry, biology, communication technology, imaging, etc...
January 8, 2018: Optics Express
Peter Hildebrandt, David Buhrke, Norbert Michael, Uwe Kuhlmann
Phytochromes are modular bimodal photoswitches that control gene expression for morphogenetic processes in plants. These functions are triggered by the photoinduced conversions between the inactive and active states of the photosensory module, denoted as Pr and Pfr, respectively. In the present time-resolved resonance Raman spectroscopic study of bacterial representatives of this photoreceptor family, we demonstrate that these phototransformations do not represent linear processes but include a branching reaction back to the initial state, prior to (de)activation of the output module...
January 11, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Bo Qi, Jing Wang, You-Biao Ma, Shu-Geng Wu, Guang-Hai Qi, Hai-Jun Zhang
The objective of the current study was to investigate the effect of dietary β-alanine supplementation on growth performance, meat quality, antioxidant ability, carnosine content, and gene expression of carnosine-related enzymes in broiler chicks. We randomly assigned 540 1-day-old Arbor Acres broilers to 5 dietary treatments supplemented with 0 (control group), 250, 500, 1,000, or 2,000 mg/kg of β-alanine (mg β-alanine per kg feed). Each treatment included 6 replicates of 18 birds. The feeding trial lasted for 42 d...
January 6, 2018: Poultry Science
Alexandra T P Carvalho, Daniel F A R Dourado, Timofey Skvortsov, Miguel de Abreu, Lyndsey J Ferguson, Derek J Quinn, Thomas S Moody, Meilan Huang
Phenylacetone monooxygenase is the most stable and thermo-tolerant member of the Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases family, and therefore it is an ideal candidate for the synthesis of industrially relevant ester or lactone compounds. However, its limited substrate scope has largely limited its industrial applications. Linear substrates are interesting from an industrial point of view, it is thus necessary to identify the essential spatial requirement for achieving high conversions for non-native linear substrates...
January 10, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Sukshma S Sharma, Darren C Greenwood, Nigel A B Simpson, Janet E Cade
There is lack of evidence on the differential impact of maternal macronutrient consumption: carbohydrates (CHO), fats and protein on birth weight. We investigated the association between maternal dietary macronutrient intakes and their sub-components such as saccharides and fatty acids and birth weight. This analyses included 1,196 women with singleton pregnancies who were part of the CAffeine and REproductive health study in Leeds, UK between 2003 and 2006. Women were interviewed in each trimester. Dietary information was collected twice using a 24-h dietary recall about 8-12 weeks and 13-27 weeks of gestation...
January 10, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Christian Schlickriede, Naomi Waterman, Bernhard Reineke, Philip Georgi, Guixin Li, Shuang Zhang, Thomas Zentgraf
The abrupt phase change of light at metasurfaces provides high flexibility in wave manipulation without the need for accumulation of propagating phase through dispersive materials. In the linear optical regime, one important application field of metasurfaces is imaging by planar metalenses, which enables device miniaturization and aberration correction compared to conventional optical microlens systems. With the incorporation of nonlinear responses into passive metasurfaces, optical functionalities of metalenses are anticipated to be further enriched, leading to completely new application areas...
January 8, 2018: Advanced Materials
Yu-Xiang Dong, Juntao Cao, Bing Wang, Shu-Hui Ma, Yan Ming Liu
The detection of biomarkers with high sensitivity and accuracy in real biosamples remains challenging. Herein, a universal spatial-resolved photoelectrochemical (PEC) ratiometry for biodetection of prostate specific antigen (PSA) as model biomarker was designed for the first time based on dual-electrodes array modified by CdS@g-C3N4 heterojunction coupled with CuS quantum dots (QDs) as signal amplification tags. Specifically, a new kind of photoactive material, CdS@g-C3N4 p-n heterojunction with highly photoelectric conversion efficiency and good chemical stability, was synthesized and immobilized on two spatial-resolved electrodes (WE1 and WE2)...
January 9, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fangfang Du, Xiaojuan Gong, Wenjing Lu, Yang Liu, Yifang Gao, Shaomin Shuang, Ming Xian, Chuan Dong
A fluorescent nanoprobe based on nitrogen-doped carbon dots (N-CDs) with green fluorescent emission have been fabricated through a facile one-step hydrothermal treatment using catechol and triethylene tetramine as precursors. The obtained N-CDs with excellent luminescent properties and superior biocompatibility have been applied for the development of a bifunctional sensor for the detection of Fe3+ and ascorbic acid (AA). Fe3+ that are tightly chelating the surface of N-CDs can induce fluorescence (FL) quenching of N-CDs through photo-induced electron transfer (PET)...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
A S Axambayeva, L R Zhaparova, Zh S Shagyrova, E M Ramankulov, A V Shustov
Tyrosinases catalyze oxidation of phenols with a formation of biphenols, quinones, and highly polymerized melanins. Tyrosinases have prospects for industrial use to remove phenols, also in biosensors, in bioorganic synthesis, and for a production of biocompatible adhesives (medical glues). Despite growing fields of potential applications, a selection of commercially available tyrosinases are currently limited to a single enzyme which is isolated from fruiting bodies of mushrooms. This article describes a preparation of recombinant tyrosinase from a bacterium Verrucomicrobium spinosum using a heterologous expression in Escherichia coli...
January 6, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Patricia Sheean, Claudia Arroyo, Jennifer Woo, Linda Schiffer, Melinda Stolley
BACKGROUND: African-American breast cancer survivors commonly demonstrate low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). Decreased cutaneous conversion, high levels of adiposity, and even breast cancer treatment may influence vitamin D status. Previous investigations have analyzed African-American women in aggregate with other breast cancer survivors and have not comprehensively addressed these influential factors. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of low serum 25(OH)D in an exclusively African-American cohort of female breast cancer survivors with overweight/obesity and to evaluate the role of ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, body composition, and dietary sources of vitamin D on serum 25(OH)D levels...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Menghan Hu, Guangtao Zhai, Duo Li, Yezhao Fan, Huiyu Duan, Wenhan Zhu, Xiaokang Yang
To achieve the simultaneous and unobtrusive breathing rate (BR) and heart rate (HR) measurements during nighttime, we leverage a far-infrared imager and an infrared camera equipped with IR-Cut lens and an infrared lighting array to develop a dual-camera imaging system. A custom-built cascade face classifier, containing the conventional Adaboost model and fully convolutional network trained by 32K images, was used to detect the face region in registered infrared images. The region of interest (ROI) inclusive of mouth and nose regions was afterwards confirmed by the discriminative regression and coordinate conversions of three selected landmarks...
2018: PloS One
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