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Herniated disc treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149159/in-errata-cost-utility-analysis-of-lumbar-interlaminar-epidural-injections-in-the-treatment-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-central-spinal-stenosis-and-axial-or-discogenic-low-back-pain
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149145/endoscopic-epidural-laser-decompression-versus-transforaminal-epiduroscopic-laser-annuloplasty-for-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#2
Chang Hong Park, Sang Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: Lumbar radicular pain often results from lumbar disc herniation, spinal stenosis, or degenerative spondylolisthesis. Minimally invasive disc decompression procedures, such as nucleo-annuloplasty or epiduroscopic neural decompression by laser, have been devised to treat such pain. OBJECTIVE: The short-term outcomes of disc decompression by endoscopic epidural laser decompression (EELD) or transforaminal epiduroscopic laser annuloplasty (TELA) were compared in patients with lumbar radicular pain due to disc herniation...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139353/-non-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-radiculopathy
#3
EDITORIAL
Mikkel Østerheden Andersen, Andreas K Andresen, Marianne Dyrby Lorenzen, Alexander Isenberg-Jørgensen, Christian Støtterup
The objective of this paper is to give insight into evidence-based recommendations on key clinical questions regarding treatment of lumbar disc herniation with radiculopathy. This paper is based on the recently published Danish national clinical guideline for non-operative treatment. Limited evidence is found regarding non-surgical treatment of patients with lumbar radiculopathy. Physiotherapy, in the form of group sessions, seems to have the best level of evidence. However, evidence is still very limited and of poor quality...
November 13, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137416/analysis-of-clinical-and-neurological-outcomes-in-patients-with-cauda-equina-syndrome-caused-by-acute-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-retrospective-prospective-study
#4
Si-Dong Yang, Feng Zhang, Wen-Yuan Ding
Objectives: In this research we analyzed the results of surgical treatment of cauda equina syndrome (CES) caused by acute lumbar disc herniation. We emphasize the early treatment for good neurological recovery. Methods: A retrospective-prospective, non randomized, clinical study was performed between Jan 2010 and Dec 2014. We retrospectively collected medical records of 18 patients who suffered from CES due to acute lumbar disc herniation and followed up them regularly...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126222/lumbar-disc-herniation-the-association-between-quantitative-sensorial-test-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings
#5
Serpil Canan Erbüyün, Gülgün Yilmaz Ovali, Beyhan Özyurt, E Alp Yentür
Objective: Quantitative sensorial tests (QST) are used for evaluating specific sensorial nerve function. In this study, QST and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings are compared in lumbar disc herniation patients, and the accuracy of QST data was investigated. Material and Methods: Sixty-four patients between 18 and 70 years of age suffering from radicular pain with positive Lasegue's test were included in this study. Specific criteria included complaints due to L5 discopathy...
November 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119334/percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-for-high-grade-down-migrated-disc-using-a-trans-facet-process-and-pedicle-complex-approach-a-technical-case-series
#6
Qing-Feng Hu, Hao Pan, Yi-You Fang, Gao-Yong Jia
PURPOSE: The use of conventional percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) for high-grade down-migrated lumbar disc herniation medial to the pedicle via the transforaminal route can result in less favorable outcomes. We report a new PELD technique for the treatment of high-grade down-migrated lumbar disc herniation via a facet process and pedicle-complex approach. METHODS: Three patients with high-grade down-migrated L3-4 and L4-5 disc herniation presented to our hospital...
November 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119044/nursing-review-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-lumbar-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#7
Nancy E Epstein, Renee D Hollingsworth
Background: In the lumbar spine, degenerative spondylolisthesis or degenerative (not traumatic) slippage of one vertebral body over another is divided into 4 grades - grade I (25%), grade II (50%), grade III (75%), and grade IV (100%). Dynamic X-rays, magnetic resonance (MR), and computed tomography (CT) scans document the slip secondary to arthritic changes of the facet joint plus stenosis, ossification of the yellow ligament, disc herniations, and synovial cysts. MR best demonstrates soft tissue pathology whereas CT better delineates ossific/calcified disease...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105592/biologic-annulus-fibrosus-repair-a-review-of-preclinical-in-vivo-investigations
#8
Stephen Rogers Sloan, Marianne Lintz, Ibrahim Hussain, Roger Härtl, Lawrence J Bonassar
Lower back pain, the leading cause of workplace absences and disability, is often attributed to intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration in which nucleus pulposus (NP) herniates through lesions in the annulus fibrosus (AF) and impinges on the spinal cord and surrounding nerves. Surgeons remove extruded NP via discectomy when indicated by local/radicular pain supported by radiographic evidence, however current interventions do not alter the underlying disease or seal the AF. The reported rates of recurrent herniation or pain following discectomy cases range from 5-25%, which has pushed spine research in recent years towards annular repair and closure strategies...
November 4, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103156/treatment-for-recurrent-lumbar-disc-herniation
#9
REVIEW
Randall J Hlubek, Gregory M Mundis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recurrent lumbar disc herniation (RLDH) is the most common indication for reoperation after a lumbar discectomy. The purpose of this manuscript is to review the incidence, risk factors, and treatment for RLDH. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients who require revision surgery for RLDH improved significantly compared to baseline; however, the magnitude of improvement is less than in primary discectomy patients. Treatment with either repeat discectomy or instrumented fusion has comparable clinical outcomes...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092070/radiopaque-gelified-ethanol-application-in-lumbar-intervertebral-soft-disc-herniations-croatian-multicentric-study
#10
Karlo Houra, Darko Perovic, Ivan Rados, Drazen Kvesic
Objective: Minimally invasive percutaneous spinal procedures are popular in trying to reduce spinal pain. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the safety of intervertebral disc chemonucleolysis and to report the effectiveness of a percutaneous, minimally invasive treatment for contained herniated intervertebral discs in the lumbar spine using the recently marketed radiopaque gelified ethanol. Methods: Pain relief before and after the procedure was self-evaluated by each patient using a verbal numeric scale (VNS) ranging from 0 to 10...
October 28, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090325/comprehensive-comparison-of-therapeutic-efficacy-of-radiofrequency-target-disc-decompression-and-nucleoplasty-for-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-five%C3%A2-year-follow-up
#11
Hui-Yong Nie, Ya-Bin Qi, Na Li, Suo-Liang Wang, Yong-Xiao Cao
PURPOSE: To compare the therapeutic efficacy of radiofrequency target disc decompression(TDD) and nucleoplasty for lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: Two hundred sixty patients with lumbar disc herniation were divided into two groups: target disc decompression group (group T, n = 147) and nucleoplasty group (group N, n = 113). Visual analogue scale (VAS) and functional rating index (FRI) were measured at one, three, six, 12, 24, and 60 months after the surgery...
October 31, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081853/spinal-canal-dimensions-affect-outcome-of-adolescent-disc-herniation
#12
O Linkoaho, R Kivisaari, M Ahonen
PURPOSE: Small spinal canal dimensions play a role in symptomatic adult disc herniation, but its role in adolescent disc herniation has not been investigated with MRI. The goal of this study was to examine retrospectively if there is a correlation with dimensions of osseous spinal canal and need of discectomy in an adolescent population suffering from disc herniation. METHODS: A retrospective review of child and adolescent patients who were treated in our institution for back or back--related leg pain was conducted...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076468/-percutaneous-endoscopic-discectomy-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-degenerative-diseases-of-the-lumbosacral-spine
#13
N A Konovalov, D S Asyutin, V A Korolishin, I U Cherkiev, B A Zakirov
Modern surgery uses a variety of treatments for spine pathology. Endoscopic techniques have become particularly popular across the world over the past decade. In this article, we summarize our experience and analyze the immediate and long-term results of surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation using a percutaneous fully endoscopic technique for removing the herniated intervertebral disc, which is new for Russian medical practice. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic discectomy in the treatment of herniated lumbar discs in patients with radicular pain syndrome...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074423/percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-reoperation-for-recurrent-sciatica-symptoms-a-retrospective-analysis-of-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-in-94-patients
#14
Junlong Wu, Chao Zhang, Kang Lu, Changqing Li, Yue Zhou
BACKGROUND: Recurrent sciatica symptoms after the prior surgical intervention is a relatively common and troublesome clinical problem. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar decompression has been proved an effective method for recurrent lumbar disc herniation. However, the prognostic factors and outcomes of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar reoperation (PELR) for recurrent sciatica symptoms were still unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and prognostic factors of patients who underwent PELR for recurrent sciatica symptoms...
October 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065628/the-effect-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-on-spine-loading-characteristics-during-trunk-flexion-and-two-types-of-picking-up-activities
#15
Shengzheng Kuai, Weiqiang Liu, Run Ji, Wenyu Zhou
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the compensatory response of the muscle activities of seventeen major muscle groups in the spinal region, intradiscal forces of the five lumbar motion segment units (MSUs), and facet forces acting on the ten lumbar facet joints in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Twenty-six healthy adults and seven LDH patients performed trunk flexion, ipsilateral picking up, and contralateral picking up in sequence. Eight optical markers were placed on the landmarks of the pelvis and spinal process...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057338/single-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-acdf-using-self-locking-stand-alone-polyetheretherketone-peek-cage-evaluation-of-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#16
Stylianos Kapetanakis, Tryfon Thomaidis, George Charitoudis, Pavlos Pavlidis, Panagiotis Theodosiadis, Grigorios Gkasdaris
BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) constitutes the conventional treatment of cervical disc herniation due to degenerative disc disease (DDD). ACDF with plating presents a variety of complications postoperatively and stand-alone cages are thought to be a promising alternative. The aim of this study was firstly, to analyze prospectively collected data from a sample of patients treated with single ACDF using C-Plus self-locking stand-alone PEEK cage system, without the use of plates or screws, in order to evaluate pain levels of patients, utilizing Neck and Arm Pain scale as an expression of visual analogue scale (VAS)...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055739/mesenchymal-progenitor-cells-primed-with-pentosan-polysulfate-promote-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-regeneration-in-an-ovine-model-of-microdiscectomy
#17
Chris D Daly, Peter Ghosh, Andrew C W Zannettino, Tanya Badal, Ronald Shimmon, Graham Jenkin, David Oehme, Kanika Jain, Idrees Sher, Angela Vais, Camilla Cohen, Ronil V Chandra, Tony Goldschlager
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Neural compression associated with lumbar disc herniation is usually managed surgically by microdiscectomy. However, 10 - 20% patients re-present with debilitating back pain and approximately 15% require further surgery. PURPOSE: Using an ovine model of microdiscectomy, the present study investigated the relative potential of pentosan polysulfate primed mesenchymal progenitor cells (pMPCs) or MPC alone implanted into the lesion site, to facilitate disc recovery...
October 18, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055285/delayed-spontaneous-resorption-of-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-herniation-a-case-report
#18
You Jin Jung, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, In-Hyuk Ha
Background • Large intervertebral disc herniation is often managed with surgery, but it is not uncommon for spontaneous resorption of herniated disc material to occur. Although the majority of spontaneous disc resorption occurs in the acute phase, an unusual case of delayed intervertebral disc regression at 18 mo postonset is presented. Case Presentation • A 32-y-old female patient presented with acute low-back pain and pain in both legs a Korean medicine hospital specializing in spinal disorders. Massive intervertebral disc herniation was found on lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and inguinal and genital pain and numbness was suggestive of risk of cauda equina syndrome...
October 21, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027895/changes-in-foraminal-area-with-anterior-decompression-versus-keyhole-foraminotomy-in-the-cervical-spine-a-biomechanical-investigation
#19
Jacqueline Nguyen, Bryant Chu, Calvin C Kuo, Jeremi M Leasure, Christopher Ames, Dimitriy Kondrashov
OBJECTIVE Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with or without partial uncovertebral joint resection (UVR) and posterior keyhole foraminotomy are established operative procedures to treat cervical disc degeneration and radiculopathy. Studies have demonstrated reliable results with each procedure, but none have compared the change in neuroforaminal area between indirect and direct decompression techniques. The purpose of this study was to determine which cervical decompression method most consistently increases neuroforaminal area and how that area is affected by neck position...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021927/split-femoral-nerve-due-to-psoas-tertius-muscle-a-review-with-other-cases-of-variant-muscles-traversing-the-femoral-nerve
#20
Shehzad Khalid, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs
Leg pain from lumbar disc herniation is a common presentation. However, certain muscular and peripheral nerve variants may present similarly and represent an unrecognized etiology of femoral nerve dysfunction. Such cases might affect the outcome of specific treatment regimes. Therefore, recognition of these variations in anatomy may be useful to the clinician when treating the patient with medically refractory lower limb pain. Some reports have reported variant slips of the psoas and iliacus muscles, which may split the femoral nerve causing a potential risk for nerve entrapment...
August 9, 2017: Curēus
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