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Herniated disc treatment

Amneh Al-Husseini, Rana Abu-Farha, Mayyada Wazaify, Marie Claire Van Hout
Objectives: Pregabalin is currently approved for the treatment of epilepsy, generalized anxiety disorder, neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia. Rising attention to the abuse liability of pregabalin causing addictive behaviors is partially based on case reports and published literature of pregabalin used in dosages that override the approved therapeutic range. This study was conducted to provide background data regarding the abuse/misuse of pregabalin from community pharmacy in Jordan. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional observational study design was used, which was conducted at different community pharmacies in Amman-Jordan...
March 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Mohammed Ali Alvi, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Waseem Wahood, Anshit Goyal, Mohamad Bydon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Min Kyoung Kim, Sung Eun Sim, Yong-Chul Kim, Jung Soo Kim, Seok Min Kwon, Yongjae Yoo, Chang-Soon Lee, Jee Youn Moon
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty (PCN) is an effective treatment for cervical herniated intervertebral disc (C-HIVD). In this retrospective study, we evaluated clinical predictors that affect the successful outcome of PCN. METHODS: Fluoroscopy-guided PCN was conducted for C-HIVD by one pain physician. Successful outcome was defined as a combination of > 50% pain relief on the numerical rating scale (NRS) pain score, no increase in analgesics, and no cervical epidural steroid injection during the 3-month follow-up period...
March 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Catherine E Ferland, Diana-Luk Ye, Jean A Ouellet
This case report illustrates the value of a comprehensive perioperative pain assessment composed of quantitative sensory testing and self-reported measures that highlight the impact of pain experienced by a 14-year-old boy suffering from chronic low back pain and sciatica. Before surgery, the pain assessment revealed inefficient endogenous inhibitory pain control with presence of temporal summation of pain. The severe pain was constant and lasted for 18 months. The patient was in a high-anxiety state, and reported significant functional disability and poor sleep quality...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Gang Wang, Jing Liang, Zishan Jia, Lei Wan, Mingxia Yang
RATIONALE: Spinal cord infarction is one of the complications of epidural steroid injections (ESIs), but has only been reported in cervical vertebra by transforaminal injection and lumbar vertebra by transforaminal injection; and up to now, there is no reporting about spinal cord infarction caused by caudal injection. Here, we report a case. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 52-year-old man was admitted to our hospital. He was diagnosed as lumbar disc herniation in other hospital, and the patient suffered bilateral lower limb motor and sensory disorders after administration of caudal ESI...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Farnaz Jahantiqh, Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad, Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi, Vahid Ebrahiminejad
Patients with intervertebral disc herniation (IVDH) seek complementary and conventional medical therapies to manage related problems. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of Reiki compared with physiotherapy to relieve the lower back pain intensity and to improve the activities of daily living (ADL) in the IDVH patients. In this clinical trial study, 60 patients with IVDH were randomly assigned to one of the Reiki, physiotherapy, and drug therapy groups. The severity of pain and the ADL were measured using visual analog scale (VAS) pain and ADL-Instrumental ADL questionnaire before and after the intervention...
January 2018: J Evid Based Integr Med
Saeid Abrishamkar, Sohrab Salimi, Habib Pirmoradi
Background: The standard treatment for cervical disc herniation is open discectomy surgery but some of techniques, such as nucleoplasty were applied by neurosurgeons in recent decade. The aim of this study was to compare the postoperation results of open discectomy and nucleoplasty methods in people suffering from single cervical disc herniation. Materials and Methods: In a clinical trial study that performed during 2012-2013, 70 patients who candidate for neck surgery were selected and randomly divided into two groups...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Xinxin Miao, Dingwen He, Tianlong Wu, Xigao Cheng
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic technique via interlaminar approach is one of the prevalent minimal invasive procedures in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation even lumbar spinal stenosis. The aim of this report is to perform complete decompressions for the cases with thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum using percutaneous endoscopic technique. CASE DESCRIPTION: We experienced surgical decompressions of two patients with thoracic myelopathy caused by OLF using percutaneous endoscopic surgery via interlaminar approach...
March 7, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Yang Meng, Xiaofei Wang, Beiyu Wang, Tingkui Wu, Hao Liu
RATIONALE: Cervical open-door laminoplasty can enlarge the volume of the cervical vertebral canal and thus has become an effective and safe treatment for multilevel cervical disc herniation and cervical stenosis. Some post-surgery complications exist, such as reduction of cervical alignment and local kyphosis. However, aggravation of cervical disc herniation at the surgical level during short-term follow-up has not been discussed. Additionally, spontaneous disappearance of herniated disc pulposus is a common phenomenon in the lumbar region but is relatively rare in the cervical region...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yong-Peng Lin, Yong-Jin Li, Bo-Lai Chen, Yu-Hai Guo
RATIONALE: Adult spinal epidermoid cyst (SEC) is a rare tumor. Lumbar laminectomy and tumor removal was a routine surgical procedure for adult spinal epidermoid cyst according to the literature, but postoperative lumbar instability and intractable low back pain may occur. In this study, we presented a brief report of an adult lumbar epidermoid cyst and introduced another surgical approach. PATIENT CONCERNS: This 28-year-old woman has been complaining of the severe right buttock pain and right thigh radiating pain for half a year...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Gen-Long Jiao, Yong-Bao Fan, De-Jun Deng, Jian-Li Shao, Guo-Dong Sun, Zhi-Zhong Li
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical effect of spinal cord decompression and lavage therapy on chronic cervical spinal cord injury and explore the possible mechanism. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with chronic cervical spinal cord injury treated in our hospital from January, 2008 to January, 2015 were enrolled, including 17 with multilevel cervical disc herniation, 25 with long segmental ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament, 13 with hypertrophy or calcification of neck ligamentum flavum, and 2 with old cervical fractures...
February 20, 2018: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
S Kapetanakis, N Gkantsinikoudis, C Chaniotakis, G Charitoudis, P Givissis
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous Transforaminal Endoscopic Discectomy (PTED) constitutes a minimally invasive surgical technique, principally recruited for the treatment of Lumbar Disc Herniation (LDH). LDH constitutes a frequent spinal ailment in obese. Aim of this prospectively designed study is to evaluate for the first time in the literature the impact of PTED in postoperative parameters of HRQoL in obese patients with LDH within a 2-year follow-up, further thus identifying the effectiveness of PTED...
February 27, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Shujie Tang, Zhuomao Mo, Renwen Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). METHODS: Electronic databases were searched to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for LDH. A meta-analysis was conducted using RevMan 5.3 and the evidence level was assessed using GRADE methodology. RESULTS: Thirty RCTs involving 3503 participants were included in the study. Meta-analysis showed that acupuncture had a higher total effective rate than lumbar traction (RR=1...
March 1, 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Burak Yulug, Sema Brandmeier, Lutfu Hanoglu
BACKGROUND: The causal link between upper limb restlessness and cervical disc prolapsus is still unclear, and the exact role of the spinal cord in the origination of limb restlessness is not yet completely understood. METHODS: Here we have evaluated the therapeutic effect of pramipexole (0.5 mg/kg) in a 47-year old male with cervical disc prolapsus who described restlessness in his upper limb and neck. RESULTS: The patient felt significantly better, and his symptoms improved near to complete after five days after we have initiated 0...
February 27, 2018: Current Clinical Pharmacology
Carla D Anania, Federico Pessina, Marco Alloisio, Maurizio Fornari, Emanuela Morenghi, Francesco Costa
BACKGROUND: In surgery, the learning process represents one of the critical topics in the development of a young surgeon, where there is often no standardized learning program. The learning curve is defined by plotting proficiency as a function of time, or the number of repetitions. In this study, we have analyzed the learning process for a rare and surgically demanding pathology such as thoracic disc herniations (TDHs) treated with an antero-lateral trans-thoracic approach. METHODS: We analyzed a consecutive series of patients admitted with a diagnosis of TDHs...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
Vojin Kovačević, Nemanja Jovanović, Marina Miletić-Kovačević, Radivoje Nikolić, Miodrag Peulić, Krešimir Rotim, Tomislav Sajko, Lukas Rasulić
Microdiscectomy (MD) is accepted nowadays as the operative method of choice for lumbar disc herniation, but it is not rare for neurosurgeons to opt for standard discectomy (SD), which does not entail the use of operating microscope. In our study, differences in disc herniation recurrence and clinical outcome of surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation with and without the use of operating microscope were assessed. Our study included 167 patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery during a three-year period (SD, n=111 and MD, n=56)...
September 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
Julio D Montejo, Joaquin Q Camara-Quintana, Daniel Duran, Jeannine M Rockefeller, Sierra B Conine, Alyssa M Blaise, Kristopher T Kahle, Michael L DiLuna
OBJECTIVE Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) in the pediatric population is rare and exhibits unique characteristics compared with adult LDH. There are limited data regarding the safety and efficacy of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) using tubular retractors in pediatric patients with LDH. Here, the outcomes of MIS tubular microdiscectomy for the treatment of pediatric LDH are evaluated. METHODS Twelve consecutive pediatric patients with LDH were treated with MIS tubular microdiscectomy at the authors' institution between July 2011 and October 2015...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Jae-Sung Ahn, Ho-Jin Lee, Dae-Jung Choi, Ki-Young Lee, Sung-Jin Hwang
This study was performed to describe the extraforaminal approach of biportal endoscopic spinal surgery (BESS) as a new endoscopic technique for transforaminal decompression and discectomy and to demonstrate the clinical outcomes of this new procedure for the first time. Twenty-one patients (27 segments) who underwent the extraforaminal approach of BESS between March 2015 and April 2016 were enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The operative time (minutes/level) and complications after the procedure were recorded...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Anne F Mannion, Franco M Impellizzeri, Michael Leunig, Dezsö Jeszenszy, Hans-Jürgen Becker, Daniel Haschtmann, Stefan Preiss, Tamas F Fekete
PURPOSE: Studies comparing the outcome of spine surgery with that of large-joint replacement report equivocal findings. The patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) used in such studies are typically generic and may not be sufficiently sensitive to the successes/failures of treatment. This study compared different indices of "success" in patients undergoing surgery for degenerative disorders of the lumbar spine, hip, or knee, using a validated, multidimensional, and joint-specific PROM...
February 19, 2018: European Spine Journal
Can-Hua Xu, Zeng-Hui Wu, Rong-Chun Chen, Hong-Fa Zhong, Qing-Shun Zhang, Ning Liu, Bi Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes between extreme lateral interbody fusion and conventional posterior operation in the treatment of upper lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: Among 60 patients with upper lumbar disc herniation were treated with extreme lateral interbody fusion(XLIF) or conventional posterior operation from June 2010 to December 2014, 30 patients(19 males and 11 females) were treated with XLIF (XLIF group); and the other 30 patients(17 males and 13 females) were treated with conventional posterior operation (conventional group)...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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