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Woman trial

Khaled Abu El Aish, Raed Tafish, Haly Zourob
BACKGROUND: Finding appropriate analgesics is important for a mother's recovery after a caesarean section. The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic effect of spinal morphine and fentanyl for women undergoing a caesarean section. METHODS: In this randomised, unmasked, parallel-group, controlled trial, eligible participants were women undergoing caesarean section with spinal anaesthetic at the Al-Helal Al-Emirati Hospital, Rafah, Gaza Strip, occupied Palestinian territory...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Jill Demirci, Mandy Schmella, Melissa Glasser, Lisa Bodnar, Katherine P Himes
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a multi-system, hypertensive disorder of pregnancy that increases a woman's risk of later-life cardiovascular disease. Breastfeeding may counteract the negative cardiovascular sequela associated with preeclampsia; however, women who develop preeclampsia may be at-risk for suboptimal breastfeeding rates. In this case series, we present three cases of late-onset preeclampsia and one case of severe gestational hypertension that illustrate a potential association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and suboptimal breastfeeding outcomes, including delayed onset of lactogenesis II and in-hospital formula supplementation...
March 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ruben Barakat, Evelia Franco, María Perales, Carmina López, Michelle F Mottola
OBJECTIVE: to examine the influence of an exercise program throughout pregnancy on the duration of labor in healthy pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial was used (Identifier: NCT02109588). In all, 508 healthy pregnant women were randomly assigned between 9 and 11 weeks of gestation to either a Control Group (CG, N = 253) or an Exercise Group (EG, N = 255). A moderate aerobic exercise program throughout pregnancy (three weekly sessions) was used as the intervention...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Stephanie Strobl, Kerstin Wimmer, Ruth Exner, Yelena Devyatko, Michael Bolliger, Florian Fitzal, Michael Gnant
Bone health and breast cancer are two connected subjects, because breast cancer patients have a higher prevalence of osteopenia/osteoporosis and reduced bone health parameters than healthy woman of the same age. Therefore, the positive effect of adjuvant bisphosphonate therapy plays an important role in breast cancer treatment. Several randomized trials have studied bisphosphonates in the adjuvant setting in postmenopausal woman and demonstrated their potential to prevent treatment-induced bone loss. The prevention of fractures and the subsequent preservation of patients' quality of life are important arguments for the use of adjuvant bisphosphonates in postmenopausal breast cancer patients...
March 12, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
Holly M Burke, Mario Chen, Mercy Buluzi, Rachael Fuchs, Silver Wevill, Lalitha Venkatasubramanian, Leila Dal Santo, Bagrey Ngwira
BACKGROUND: Injectable contraceptives are popular in sub-Saharan Africa but have high discontinuation rates due partly to the need for provider-administered re-injection. We compared continuation rates of women who self-injected subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-SC) and women who received DMPA-SC from a health-care provider, including community health workers (CHWs). METHODS: We did an open-label randomised controlled trial based at six Ministry of Health clinics in rural Mangochi District, Malawi...
March 8, 2018: Lancet Global Health
Mette Tranberg, Bodil Hammer Bech, Jan Blaakær, Jørgen Skov Jensen, Hans Svanholm, Berit Andersen
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer screening participation remains insufficient in most countries. Our aim was to evaluate whether offering a HPV self-sampling kit, either mailed directly to the woman's home or using timely opt-in procedures for ordering the kit, increased screening participation compared with a standard second reminder. METHODS: In this randomized, controlled effectiveness trial, 9791 Danish women aged 30-64 who were due to receive the second reminder were equally randomized to either: 1) direct mailing of a second reminder and a self-sampling kit (directly mailed group); 2) mailing of a second reminder that offered a self-sampling kit to be ordered by e-mail, text message, phone, or webpage (opt-in group); or 3) mailing of a second reminder to attend regular cytology screening (control group)...
March 9, 2018: BMC Cancer
Sylvia A Duraski, Anjum Sayyad
This article details an unreported potential cause of withdrawal symptoms in a patient with cerebral palsy who experienced intrathecal baclofen withdrawal shortly after placement of a baclofen pump with subsequent refill with Gablofen. Initial implantation of the baclofen pump with Lioresal occurred after a successful hospital trial of intrathecal injection via lumbar puncture. However, later, the patient did experience signs and symptoms of baclofen withdrawal after a pump refill was performed with Gablofen...
April 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Marco Grasse, Ida Rosenkrands, Anja Olsen, Frank Follmann, Jes Dietrich
Globally, an estimated 131 million new cases of chlamydial infection occur annually. Chlamydia trachomatis infection can cause permanent damage to the fallopian tubes in woman, resulting in infertility and a risk of ectopic pregnancy. There is a great need for a vaccine against Chlamydia trachomatis and as a result there is a need for assays to evaluate functional immune responses for use in future clinical trials and epidemiological studies. Antibodies play a crucial role in the defense against infection and can be protective by several functions, including phagocytosis and neutralization...
March 7, 2018: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
Hiroki Uchida, Yoshikazu Ogawa, Teiji Tominaga
Idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP) is a rare clinical entity characterized by thickening of the dura mater without obvious underlying disease. High-dose steroid therapy is considered to be the first line for idiopathic HP, but half of patients show resistance for steroid therapy and suffer progressive clinical course. We describe low-dose methotrexate (MTX) administration for recurrent and steroid-resistant idiopathic HP resulting in noticeable improvement without severe adverse effects. A 51-year-old Japanese woman with dermatomyositis first presented with right retro-orbital pain caused by dural thickening in the sella and upper clivus involving the right trigeminal nerve, which was diagnosed as idiopathic HP by transsphenoidal biopsy...
March 3, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
William J Heerman, Wendy L Bennett, Jennifer L Kraschnewski, Elizabeth Nauman, Amanda E Staiano, Kenneth A Wallston
Background: Since 2014 the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) has funded 13 Clinical Data Research Networks (CDRNs) around the country to support large-scale comparative effectiveness research and pragmatic clinical trials. To provide guidance for future recruitment efforts among CDRNs this study described differential willingness to participate in weight-related research by body mass index (BMI) and sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: During 2014-2016 we surveyed participants from three CDRNs including the Mid-South CDRN, REACHnet, and the PaTH Network, representing 14 medical centers...
2018: BMC Obesity
F Safa, M Pant, C Weerasinghe, R Felix, T Terjanian
Merkel cell carcinoma (mcc) is an uncommon malignancy of the skin arising from cells located in the deeper layers of the epidermis called Merkel cells. This malignancy rarely presents as a metastatic disease, and the field is therefore deficient in regards to management. We report the case of a 49-year-old woman who presented with a presumptive diagnosis of osteomyelitis of the left fifth digit that was resistant to treatment with antibiotics; she underwent debridement of the digit that revealed mcc and was later to have metastatic disease to her lungs, liver, and musculoskeletal system...
February 2018: Current Oncology
Charlene Y Senn, Misha Eliasziw, Karen L Hobden, Ian R Newby-Clark, Paula C Barata, H Lorraine Radtke, Wilfreda E Thurston
We report the secondary outcomes and longevity of efficacy from a randomized controlled trial that evaluated a novel sexual assault resistance program designed for first-year women university students. Participants ( N = 893) were randomly assigned to receive the Enhanced Assess, Acknowledge, Act (EAAA) program or a selection of brochures (control). Perception of personal risk, self-defense self-efficacy, and rape myth acceptance was assessed at baseline; 1-week postintervention; and 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month postrandomization...
June 2017: Psychology of Women Quarterly
Nicholas Ravanelli, William Casasola, Timothy English, Kate M Edwards, Ollie Jay
OBJECTIVE: Pregnant women are advised to avoid heat stress (eg, excessive exercise and/or heat exposure) due to the risk of teratogenicity associated with maternal hyperthermia; defined as a core temperature (Tcore ) ≥39.0°C. However, guidelines are ambiguous in terms of critical combinations of climate and activity to avoid and may therefore unnecessarily discourage physical activity during pregnancy. Thus, the primary aim was to assess Tcore elevations with different characteristics defining exercise and passive heat stress (intensity, mode, ambient conditions, duration) during pregnancy relative to the critical maternal Tcore of ≥39...
March 1, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Rebecca C Chester, Juliana M Kling, JoAnn E Manson
Our understanding of the complex relationship between menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk has been informed by detailed analyses in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), the largest randomized, placebo-controlled trial evaluating MHT in postmenopausal women. Although the WHI demonstrated increased risk of CVD events with MHT in the overall cohort, subsequent secondary analyses demonstrated that these risks were influenced by the woman's age and time since menopause, with lower absolute risks and hazard ratios for younger than older women...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
Hisanao Akiyama, Yasuhiro Hasegawa
RATIONALE: Video-based treatment in telemedicine is a potential alternative to face-to-face treatment. We describe our trial use of telemedicine to treat a patient with primary headache. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 25-year-old woman visited our branch hospital with a chief complaint of recurrent headache. Our branch hospital had no headache specialist, so a headache specialist at our main hospital provided treatment remotely. DIAGNOSES: She was diagnosed with migraine without aura by the headache specialist using telemedicine...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Suguru Nukada, Tsutomu Sato, Toru Aoyama, Mariko Kamiya, Shinya Amano, Shuzo Tamura, Takanobu Yamada, Naoto Yamamoto, Hiroshi Harada, Takashi Oshima, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa, Shoji Yamanaka, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda
The standard therapy for Stage IV gastric cancer is chemotherapy. It is not certain, but conversion surgery is expected to be effective. We report the cases of 3 patients who achieved long-term survival after conversion surgery. Case 1 was of a 59- year-old woman. The tumor was classified as L-Less Post, Type 2, tub1, cT3N2M1(#16a2lat), Stage IV. Then, we initiated S-1 plus cisplatin and the LN achieved PRafter 4 courses. We performed distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection in February 2011. It was classified as ypT2N2 and the primary lesion was histologically classified as Grade 1a...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Jin Takano, Nobuhisa Matsuhashi, Takao Takahashi, Toshiyuki Tanahashi, Satoshi Matsui, Hisashi Imai, Yoshihiro Tanaka, Kazuya Yamaguchi, Kazuhiro Yoshida
A woman in her 70s was confirmed as presenting with multiple liver and lung metastases from transverse colon cancer. After undergoing resection of the primary lesion, partial response(PR)was achieved after undergoing the first regimen (sLV5FU2 and bevacizumab[Bmab]); therefore, partial hepatectomy was performed. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered for 7 months, but liver metastasis recurrence, multiple lung metastases, and brain metastasis were confirmed. As the brain metastasis was a single lesion and was accompanied by symptoms, resection of the lesion was performed...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Haleema Shakur, Danielle Beaumont, Sue Pavord, Angele Gayet-Ageron, Katharine Ker, Hatem A Mousa
BACKGROUND: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) - heaving bleeding within the first 24 hours after giving birth - is one of the main causes of death of women after childbirth. Antifibrinolytics, primarily tranexamic acid (TXA), have been shown to reduce bleeding in surgery and safely reduces mortality in trauma patients with bleeding without increasing the risk of adverse events.An earlier Cochrane review on treatments for primary PPH covered all the various available treatments - that review has now been split by types of treatment...
February 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
D Lauritano, V Candotto, C A Bignozzi, D Pazzi, F Carinci, F Cura, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
Zinc was known in ancient times, and is diffused in the environment. The potential benefits offered by zinc supplementary therapy have been demonstrated in numerous clinical trials using oral or topical zinc products. The benefit of zinc can be in principle increased through association with other actives. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect on primary human gingival fibroblast cell of a new formulation containing zinc and octenidine cations. Human gingival fibroblast cells were obtained from three healthy patients (14-year-old man, 15-year-old woman and 20-year-old man) during extraction of teeth...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Surya Prasad Rimal, Pappu Rijal, Rabindra Bhatt, Kriti Thapa
INTRODUCTION: Magnesium sulfate is the drug of choice for prevention of seizures in the pre-eclamptic woman. There is no agreement in the published randomized trials regarding the optimal time to initiate magnesium sulfate, the dose to use (both loading and maintenance) as well as the duration of therapy. The objective of this study is to determine whether magnesium sulfate prophylaxis is needed for up to 24 hours postpartum in all patients with severe pre-eclampsia for the prevention of seizure...
October 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
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