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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822186/-lignan-glycosides-and-sucrose-esters-from-roots-of-securidaca-inappendiculata
#1
Zhi Wang, Xue-Dong Yang, Hai-Yan Zha, Li-Na Guo, Dan Shen, Li-Zhen Xu, Shi-Lin Yang
Nine compounds, including five lignan glycosides (1-5), three sucrose esters (6-8), and one organic acid ester (9), were isolated from the ethanol extract of the roots of Securidaca inappendiculata by various chromatographic methods including silica gel, MPLC and preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated as acernikol-4″-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), (7R, 8S)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), (7R, 8S)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (3), (7R, 8S)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 9'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (4), (7R, 8S)-5-methoxydihydrodehy-drodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (5), 3, 6'-O-diferuloylsucrose (6), 3-O-feruloyl-6'-O-sinapoylsucrose (7), sibricose A5 (8), and mehyl ferulate (9) on the basis of 1H-, 13C-NMR and MS experiments...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821112/electrospun-hypromellose-based-hydrophilic-composites-for-rapid-dissolution-of-poorly-water-soluble-drug
#2
Qing Wang, Deng-Guang Yu, Ling-Ling Zhang, Xin-Kuan Liu, Yang-Chao Deng, Min Zhao
Hypromellose (HPMC)-based hydrophilic composites (HCs) used for rapid dissolution of ferulic acid (FA) were investigated. Electrospun and casting HCs were prepared from a solution containing HPMC, FA, and polyethylene glycol. Ethanol was used as sheath fluid during coaxial processes, and the effects of its flow rates on the Taylor cone and straight fluid jet were investigated. The morphology, component state, hydrophilicity, and drug dissolution rate of the HCs were characterized. Results demonstrated that all HCs were amorphous materials, and their components were compatible...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818383/methyl-jasmonate-and-salicylic-acid-are-able-to-modify-cell-wall-but-only-salicylic-acid-alters-biomass-digestibility-in-the-model-grass-brachypodium-distachyon
#3
Thiago Alves Napoleão, Giuliana Soares, Camilo Elber Vital, Carla Bastos, Robson Castro, Marcelo Ehlers Loureiro, Andrea Giordano
In addition to playing a key role in the response to environmental changes, cell walls are also considered as a valuable feedstock for cellulosic ethanol. Here we explored the effects of the stress-response hormones, salicylic acid and methyl jasmonate, on cell wall biosynthesis and biomass digestibility in Brachypodium distachyon, a species recently considered as a suitable model for biomass conversion. We found that in response to salicylic acid or methyl jasmonate treatment, plant growth was reduced coupled with significant changes in cell wall composition...
October 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810657/anti-exudation-effects-of-sodium-ferulate-and-oxymatrine-combination-via-modulation-of-aquaporin-1
#4
Songmei Sun, Xing Du, Mengxin Xu, Meijuan Liu, Zhifeng Liu
The present study aimed to investigate the anti-exudative effects of sodium ferulate combined with oxymatrine in a mouse model of acetic acid-induced peritonitis. Furthermore, the underlying mechanisms were explored by determining the effects of these drugs on the volume and aquaporin 1 (AQP1) expression in vascular endothelial cells on omentum majus and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Treatment with sodium ferulate combined with oxymatrine was shown to significantly inhibit acetic acid-induced vascular permeability in the peritonitis model mice and furthermore to significantly decrease the optical density of Evans blue, the leukocyte number and the levels of interleukin-6, C-reactive protein and interferon-γ in peritoneal lavage fluid...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810560/effects-of-taohongsiwu-decoction-on-the-expression-of-%C3%AE-sma-and-tgf-%C3%AE-1-mrna-in-the-liver-tissues-of-a-rat-model-of-hepatic-cirrhosis
#5
Tongsheng Wang, Deling Wu, Peipei Li, Ke Zhang, Shanjun Tao, Zhu Li, Jun Li
The present study aimed to explore the treatment effects of Taohongsiwu decoction on the liver fibrosis in a rat model, as few prior studies have investigated the anti-fibrotic effects of Taohongsiwu decoction. High-performance liquid chromatography was used to measure the concentration of ferulic acid and hydrosafflower flavin A in the decoction. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, model, colchicine (positive group), Taohongsiwu-high, Taohongsiwu-moderate and Taohongsiwu-low groups; 50% carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) of peanut oil solution was subcutaneously injected to the rats except for the control group, and the drugs were intragastrically administered (10 ml/kg) starting at week 7 for 6 continuous weeks...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808408/anti-lipid-potential-of-drimys-brasiliensis
#6
Josueli Merotto, Larissa Vivan Cestonaro, Luciana Grazziotin Rossato-Grando, Luciano de Oliveira Siqueira, Charise Dallazem Bertol
BACKGROUND: The traditional use of Drimys brasiliensis Miers (Winteraceae) in the south of Brazil to reduce cholesterol has not been described in scientific literature. OBJECTIVE: To verify the hypocholesterolemic effects of D. brasiliensis using rats as animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The bark of D. brasiliensis was extracted with water with further lyophilization and was subjected to phytochemical analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and free radical scavenging activities by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay to determine antioxidant potential...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806697/photoelectron-spectra-and-biological-activity-of-cinnamic-acid-derivatives-revisited
#7
Igor Novak, Leo Klasinc, Sean P McGlynn
The electronic structures of several derivatives of cinnamic acid have been studied by UV photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) and Green's function quantum chemical calculations. The spectra reveal the presence of dimers in the gas phase for p-coumaric and ferulic acids. The electronic structure analysis has been related to the biological properties of these compounds through the analysis of some structure-activity relationships (SAR).
August 10, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805834/profiles-of-free-and-bound-phenolics-extracted-from-citrus-fruits-and-their-roles-in-biological-systems-content-and-antioxidant-anti-diabetic-and-anti-hypertensive-properties
#8
Muhammad H Alu'datt, Taha Rababah, Mohammad N Alhamad, Majdi A Al-Mahasneh, Khalil Ereifej, Ghazi Al-Karaki, Mohammed Al-Duais, Juan E Andrade, Carole C Tranchant, Stan Kubow, Kawther A Ghozlan
This study of selected plants of the Rutaceae family was carried out to investigate their phenolic content, antioxidant activity, and the in vitro inhibitory potential of extracted phenolics towards enzymes relevant for hyperglycemia and hypertension. The phenolic content, antioxidant activity and phenolic extract-mediated inhibitory activities for α-glucosidase and α-amylase were evaluated by spectrophotometry. The content of individual phenolics and the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity of the phenolic extracts were evaluated by LC/MS-MS and RP-HPLC methods, respectively...
August 14, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803126/fed-batch-production-of-vanillin-by-bacillus-aryabhattai-ba03
#9
Alicia Paz, David Outeiriño, Ricardo Pinheiro de Souza Oliveira, José Manuel Domínguez
Bacillus aryabhattai BA03, a strain isolated in our laboratory, has interesting properties related to the production of natural aromas and flavors. Specifically, we have found that it was able to produce vanillin from ferulic acid (FA). Furthermore, this strain produces high amounts of 4-vinylguaiacol in only 14h, this being the only intermediate metabolite observed in the process. FA is an inexpensive feedstock for the production of natural value-added compounds when extracted from lignocellulosic wastes. In this study, we optimized the operational conditions (temperature, pH and agitation), medium composition and bioconversion technology (batch or fed-batch) to produce vanillin...
August 9, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803111/laccase-enzyme-detoxifies-hydrolysates-and-improves-biogas-production-from-hemp-straw-and-miscanthus
#10
Michel Schroyen, Stijn W H Van Hulle, Sander Holemans, Han Vervaeren, Katleen Raes
The impact of various phenolic compounds, vanillic acid, ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid on anaerobic digestion of lignocellulosic biomass (hemp straw and miscanthus) was studied. Such phenolic compounds have been known to inhibit biogas production during anaerobic digestion. The different phenolic compounds were added in various concentrations: 0, 100, 500, 1000 and 2000mg/L. A difference in inhibition of biomethane production between the phenolic compounds was noted. Hydrolysis rate, during anaerobic digestion of miscanthus was inhibited up to 50% by vanillic acid, while vanillic acid had no influence on the initial rate of biogas production during the anaerobic digestion of hemp straw...
July 27, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802264/crystal-structure-and-substrate-specificity-modification-of-acetyl-xylan-esterase-from-aspergillus-luchuensis
#11
Dai Komiya, Akane Hori, Takuya Ishida, Kiyohiko Igarashi, Masahiro Samejima, Takuya Koseki, Shinya Fushinobu
Acetyl xylan esterase (AXE) catalyzes the hydrolysis of the acetyl bonds present in plant cell wall polysaccharides. Here, we determined the crystal structure of AXE from Aspergillus luchuensis (AlAXEA), providing the three-dimensional structure of an enzyme in the Esterase_phb family. AlAXEA shares its core α/β-hydrolase fold structure with esterases in other families, but it has an extended central β-sheet at both its ends and an extra loop. Structural comparison with a ferulic acid esterase (FAE) from Aspergillus niger indicated that AlAXEA has conserved catalytic machinery: a catalytic triad (Ser119, His259, and Asp202) and an oxyanion hole (Cys40 and Ser120)...
August 11, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802217/comparatively-evaluating-the-pharmacokinetic-of-fifteen-constituents-in-normal-and-blood-deficiency-rats-after-oral-administration-of-xin-sheng-hua-granule-by-uplc-ms-ms
#12
Han-Qing Pang, Yu-Ping Tang, Yu-Jie Cao, Ya-Jie Tan, Yi Jin, Xu-Qin Shi, Sheng-Liang Huang, Da-Zheng Sun, Jin Sun, Zhi-Shu Tang, Jin-Ao Duan
Xin-Sheng-Hua Granule (XSHG), a famous traditional Chinese medicine prescription, are clinically applied for the treatment of postpartum disease through nourishing blood and promoting blood circulation. In this investigation, a multi-constituents (trigonelline, stachydrine hydrochloride, hydroxysafflor yellow A, chlorogenic acid, amygdalin, leonurine, liquiritin, ferulic acid, senkyunolide I, senkyunolide H, glycyrrhizic acid, senkyunolide A, ligustilide, butylidenephthalide and glycyrrhetinic acid) pharmacokinetic study of XSHG was conducted for the first time...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802134/investigating-the-features-in-differential-absorbance-spectra-of-nom-associated-with-metal-ion-binding-a-comparison-of-experimental-data-and-td-dft-calculations-for-model-compounds
#13
Mingquan Yan, Xuze Han, Chenyang Zhang
In this study, seven model compounds containing typical functional groups (phenolic and carboxylic groups) present in nature organic matter (NOM) were used to ascertain the nature of the characteristic bands in differential absorbance spectra (DAS) of NOM that are induced by metal ion binding. Some similarities were found between the DAS of the examined model compounds, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, sinapic acid, terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid, esculetin and myricetin and those of NOM. The binding of Cu(II) with carboxylic group might produce two peaks, A1 and A2, while the binding of Cu(II) with phenolic group might produce all four Gaussian peaks, from A1 to A4 displayed in the DAS of NOM...
August 5, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801839/biotransformation-with-cellulase-hemicellulase-and-yarrowia-lipolytica-boosts-health-benefits-of-okara
#14
Weng Chan Vong, Xin Ying Lim, Shao-Quan Liu
Okara (soybean residue) is a highly perishable food processing by-product from soymilk and tofu manufacture. It contains a large proportion of insoluble dietary fibre (40-60% on a dry basis), as well as digestion-resistant proteins, trypsin inhibitors and phytic acid. These factors contribute lead to the under-utilisation of okara. To improve the overall nutritional quality of okara, sequential saccharification of okara by Celluclast® 1.5L (cellulase) or Viscozyme® L (cellulase and hemicellulase) and fermentation by the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica were performed...
August 11, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800848/cold-generation-of-smoke-flavour-by-the-first-phenolic-acid-decarboxylase-from-a-filamentous-ascomycete-isaria-farinosa
#15
Diana Linke, Stephanie J L Riemer, Silke Schimanski, Annabel Nieter, Ulrich Krings, Ralf G Berger
A decarboxylase (IfPAD) from the ascomycete Isaria farinosa converted ferulic acid to 4-vinylguaiacol (4-VG), a volatile which imparts the distinct "smoke flavor" of pyrolized wood. The activity was enhanced by adding (E)-ferulic acid to the culture medium and peaked with 3.6 U g(-1) mycelium (1 μmol 4-VG min(-1)). The coding sequence of 543 bp was translated into a 25 kDa protein with a homology of 91 % to putative phenolic acid decarboxylases of its teleomorph, Cordyceps militaris, and Beauveria bassiana, the anamorph of Cordyceps bassiana...
September 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798934/comparative-phenotype-and-genome-analysis-of-cellvibrio-sp-pr1-a-xylanolytic-and-agarolytic-bacterium-from-the-pearl-river
#16
Zhangzhang Xie, Weitie Lin, Jianfei Luo
Cellvibrio sp. PR1 is a xylanolytic and agarolytic bacterium isolated from the Pearl River. Strain PR1 is closely related to Cellvibrio fibrivorans and C. ostraviensis (identity > 98%). The xylanase and agarase contents of strain PR1 reach up to 15.4 and 25.9 U/mL, respectively. The major cellular fatty acids consisted of C16:0 (36.7%), C18:0 (8.8%), C20:0 (6.8%), C15:0 iso 2-OH or/and C16:1ω7c (17.4%), and C18:1ω7c or/and C18:1ω6c (6.7%). A total of 251 CAZyme modules (63 CBMs, 20 CEs, 128 GHs, 38 GTs, and 2 PLs) were identified from 3,730 predicted proteins...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789935/tetramer-as-efficient-structural-mode-for-organizing-antioxidative-carboxylic-acids-the-case-in-inhibiting-dna-oxidation
#17
Ri Zhou, Zai-Qun Liu
To overcome the problem on the relationship of antioxidative effect with the branch number in a tetramer, we herein designed a series of antioxidants with pentaerythritol, glycerol, and ethylene glycol as the cores, and gallic, ferulic, caffeic, and p-hydroxybenzoic acids as the antioxidative moieties. In the case of DNA oxidation mediated by 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane hydrochloride, AAPH), it was found that the stoichiometric factor (n) of a carboxylic acid increased rapidly when the acid was esterified with ethylene glycol, glycerol, and pentaerythritol to form a dimer, trimer, and tetramer, respectively...
August 5, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783339/antarctic-moss-biflavonoids-show-high-antioxidant-and-ultraviolet-screening-activity
#18
Melinda J Waterman, Ari S Nugraha, Rudi Hendra, Graham E Ball, Sharon A Robinson, Paul A Keller
Ceratodon purpureus is a cosmopolitan moss that survives some of the harshest places on Earth: from frozen Antarctica to hot South Australian deserts. In a study on the survival mechanisms of the species, nine compounds were isolated from Australian and Antarctic C. purpureus. This included five biflavonoids, with complete structural elucidation of 1 and 2 reported here for the first time, as well as an additional four known phenolic compounds. Dispersion-corrected DFT calculations suggested a rotational barrier, leading to atropisomerism, resulting in the presence of diastereomers for compound 2...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781710/mechanochemical-synthesis-of-graphene-oxide-supported-transition-metal-catalysts-for-the-oxidation-of-isoeugenol-to-vanillin
#19
Ana Franco, Sudipta De, Alina M Balu, Araceli Garcia, Rafael Luque
Vanillin is one of the most commonly used natural products, which can also be produced from lignin-derived feedstocks. The chemical synthesis of vanillin is well-established in large-scale production from petrochemical-based starting materials. To overcome this problem, lignin-derived monomers (such as eugenol, isoeugenol, ferulic acid etc.) have been effectively used in the past few years. However, selective and efficient production of vanillin from these feedstocks still remains an issue to replace the existing process...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780096/effect-of-lignin-linkages-with-other-plant-cell-wall-components-on-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-neutral-detergent-fiber-digestibility-and-rate-of-digestion-of-grass-forages
#20
E Raffrenato, R Fievisohn, K W Cotanch, R J Grant, L E Chase, M E Van Amburgh
The objective of this study was to correlate in vitro and in vivo neutral detergent fiber (NDF) digestibility (NDFD) with the chemical composition of forages and specific chemical linkages, primarily ester- and ether-linked para-coumaric (pCA) and ferulic acids (FA) in forages fed to dairy cattle. The content of acid detergent lignin (ADL) and its relationship with NDF does not fully explain the observed variability in NDFD. The ferulic and p-coumaric acid linkages between ADL and cell wall polysaccharides, rather than the amount of ADL, might be a better predictor of NDFD...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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