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Mirtha Navarro, Ileana Moreira, Elizabeth Arnaez, Silvia Quesada, Gabriela Azofeifa, Diego Alvarado, Maria J Monagas
The phenolic composition of aerial parts from Petiveria alliaceae L., Phyllanthus niruri L. and Senna reticulata Willd., species commonly used in Costa Rica as traditional medicines, was studied using UPLC-ESI-TQ-MS on enriched-phenolic extracts. Comparatively, higher values of total phenolic content (TPC), as measured by the Folin-Ciocalteau method, were observed for P. niruri extracts (328.8 gallic acid equivalents/g) than for S. reticulata (79.30 gallic acid equivalents/g) whereas P. alliaceae extract showed the lowest value (13...
October 19, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
Xujian Qiu, Charlotte Jacobsen, Pierre Villeneuve, Erwann Durand, Ann-Dorit Moltke Sørensen
Antioxidant effects of ferulic acid and lipophilized ferulate esters were investigated in fish oil-enriched milk. Methyl ferulate (C1) and ethyl ferulate (C2) more efficiently prevented lipid oxidation than dodecyl ferulate (C12) did, followed by ferulic acid (C0). The combination of C1 or C2 with C12 could have a "synergistic" effect indicated by peroxide value, hexanal, and 1-penten-3-ol analysis results. These antioxidants also showed protein oxidation inhibition effects. The most effective antioxidants (C1 and C2) had the highest concentration in the precipitate phase but the lowest concentration in the aqueous phase, which was the opposite of the partitioning of C0...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Segueni Narimane, Evren Demircan, Akkal Salah, Beraat Özçelik Ozcelik, Rhouati Salah
We aimed in the reported study to investigate the impact of using various solvents in the extraction of potentially active compounds from Algerian propolis. Phenolic and flavonoids contents in association with antioxidant activity of the tested extracts were evaluated. Moreover phenolic composition was determined using UFLC-MS/MS. The tested parameters varied according to the used solvent. Total phenolic and flavononid contents ranged from 0.81±0.16 to 8.97±0.25 EGA mg/g and from 0.57±0.01 to 3.53±0.84 EQ mg/g respectively...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Hagai Cohen, Jedrzej Szymanski, Asaph Aharoni, Eva Dominguez
The assembly of the lipophilic cuticle layer and suberin lamellae, approximately 450 million years ago, was a major evolutionary development that enabled plants to colonize terrestrial habitats. The cuticle layer is composed of cutin polyester and embedded cuticular waxes, whereas the suberin lamellae consist of very long chain fatty acid derivatives, glycerol, and phenolics cross-linked with alkyl ferulate-embedded waxes. Due to their substantial biological roles in plant life, the mechanisms underlying the assembly of these structures have been extensively investigated...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Yi Jin, Yu-Ping Tang, Zhen-Hua Zhu, Er-Xin Shang, Han-Qing Pang, Xu-Qin Shi, Yan-Yan Chen, Jin Wang, Xing Chang, An Kang, Gui-Sheng Zhou, Ya-Jun Shi, Jin Sun, Zhi-Shu Tang, Shao-Ping Li, Jin-Ao Duan
The compatibility between Danggui (Angelicae Sinensis Radix) and Honghua (Carthami Flos) is a known herb pair, which could activate blood circulation and dissipate blood stasis effects. In this paper, we quantified seven main bio-active components (hydroxysafflor yellow A, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside, ferulic acid, 3-n-butylphthalide, and ligustilide) in plasma samples in vivo by UPLC-TQ/MS method and investigatedwhether the pharmacokinetic (PK) behaviors of the seven components could be altered in blood stasis rats after oral administration of the Gui-Hong extracts...
October 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Valmor Ziegler, Cristiano Dietrich Ferreira, Jessica Fernanda Hoffmann, Fábio Clasen Chaves, Nathan Levien Vanier, Maurício de Oliveira, Moacir Cardoso Elias
The changes in cooking quality and phenolic composition of whole black and red rice grains stored during six months at different temperatures were evaluated. Brown rice with known cooking quality properties and low phenolic levels was used for purposes comparison. All rice genotypes were stored at 13% moisture content at temperatures of 16, 24, 32, and 40°C. Cooking time, hardness, free and bound phenolics, anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, and free radical scavenging capacity were analysed. The traditional rice with brown pericarp exhibited an increase in cooking time and free phenolics content, while rice with black pericarp exhibited a reduction in cooking time after six months of storage at the highest studied temperature of 40°C...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Nasreddine Benbettaïeb, Cadhla Tanner, Philippe Cayot, Thomas Karbowiak, Frédéric Debeaufort
This work deals with the study of the release kinetics of some natural antioxidants (ferulic acid, caffeic acid and tyrosol) from chitosan-fish gelatin edible films immersed ethanol at 96%, as well as the kinetics of their antioxidant activity using the DPPH assay. The aim was to determine how film functional properties influence the release kinetic and antioxidant activity. The addition of antioxidants to chitosan-fish gelatin matrix decreased the water vapour permeability by more than 30%. The tensile strength (TS) increased up to 50% after the incorporation of antioxidants...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Shasha Chen, Zhi Zeng, Na Hu, Bo Bai, Honglun Wang, Yourui Suo
Lycium ruthenicum Murr. (LR) is a functional food that plays an important role in anti-oxidation due to its high level of phenolic compounds. This study aims to optimize ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) of phenolic compounds and antioxidant activities of obtained extracts from LR using response surface methodology (RSM). A four-factor-three-level Box-Behnken design (BBD) was employed to discuss the following extracting parameters: extraction time (X1), ultrasonic power (X2), solvent to sample ratio (X3) and solvent concentration (X4)...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Manuel Y Schar, Giulia Corona, Gulten Soycan, Clemence Dine, Angelika Kristek, Sarah N S Alsharif, Volker Behrends, Alison Lovegrove, Peter R Shewry, Jeremy P E Spencer
SCOPE: Wholegrain has been associated with reduced chronic disease mortality, with oat intake particularly notable for lowering blood cholesterol and glycemia. To better understand the complex nutrient profile of oats, we studied urinary excretion of phenolic acids and avenanthramides after ingestion of oat bran in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: After a 2d (poly)phenol-low diet, 7 healthy men provided urine 12h before, and 48h after, consuming 60g oat bran (7.8μmol avenanthramides, 139...
October 11, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Melek Altındağ, Meltem Türkyılmaz, Mehmet Özkan
BACKGROUND: Changes in polyphenols have important effect on quality (especially color) and health benefits of dried apricots. SO2 concentration, storage and the activities of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) were the factors which had significant effects on polyphenols. Polyphenol profile and activities of PPO and PAL in sulfured dried apricots (SDAs, 0, 451, 832, 2112 and 3241 mg SO2 /kg) were monitored during storage at 4, 20 and 30 °C for 379 days for the first time...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Chiara Ripamonti, Angela Papagna, Claudio Storini, Daniela Miglietta, Maria Foti
NO mediates a variety of physiologic processes and is considered an important intracellular messenger in different cellular systems. Because of its complex regulation and multiple molecular and cellular targets, NO provides both stimulatory and suppressive properties in the immune system. Dendritic cells (DCs) are considered the most potent APCs, whose regulation has important implications in the induction of an effective immune response. In this study, we analyzed the effect of the compound NCX 2057, a new class of NO-releasing derivatives of ferulic acid, on activation and functional properties of DCs...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Daria Giacomini, Rosario Musumeci, Paola Galletti, Giulia Martelli, Lorenzo Assennato, Gianni Sacchetti, Alessandra Guerrini, Enrico Calaresu, Marianna Martinelli, Clementina Cocuzza
Antimicrobial resistance is one of the major and growing concerns in hospital- and community acquired infections, and new antimicrobial agents are therefore urgently required. It was reported that oxidative stress could contribute to the selection of resistant bacterial strains, since reactive oxygen species (ROS) revealed to be an essential driving force. In the present work 4-alkylidene-azetidinones, a new class of antibacterial agents, were functionalized with phytochemical polyphenolic acids such as protocatechuic, piperonyl, caffeic, ferulic, or sinapic acids and investigated as dual target antibacterial-antioxidant compounds...
September 23, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Xiao-Mei Zhuang, Lin Chen, Yan Tan, Hai-Ying Yang, Chuang Lu, Yue Gao, Hua Li
Ferulic acid (FA) is an active component of herbal medicines. One of the best documented activities of FA is its antioxidant property. Moreover, FA exerts antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, and hepatoprotective effects. However, the metabolic pathways of FA in humans remain unclear. To identify whether human CYP or UGT enzymes are involved in the metabolism of FA, reaction phenotyping of FA was conducted using major CYP-selective chemical inhibitors together with individual CYP and UGT Supersomes. The CYP- and/or UGT-mediated metabolism kinetics were examined simultaneously or individually...
September 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Omar A Aldulaimi
The emergence and rapid development of seriously drug-resistant pathogens have created the greatest danger to public health and made the treatment of infectious diseases ineffective; to control the antibiotic-resistant microbes, the discovery of new effective antibacterials with new mechanisms of action against bacteria remains an urgent task to control the bacterial resistance. The paucity of infections in wild plants supports the role of innate defense system of plants. Many researchers nominate the natural extracts to act against bacterial resistance mechanisms, and the majority of them have now been focused on the combination of plant extracts and antibiotics to define the availability of resistance modification agents...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
Zhong-Yan Zhou, Jia-Qi Xu, Wai-Rong Zhao, Xin-Lin Chen, Yu Jin, Nuo Tang, Jing-Yi Tang
Ferulic acid, a natural ingredient presents in several Chinese Materia Medica such as Radix Angelicae Sinensis, has been identified as an important multifunctional and physiologically active small molecule. However, its pharmacological activity in different blood vessel types and underlying mechanisms are unclear. The present study was to investigate the vascular reactivity and the possible action mechanism of FA on aorta, small mesenteric arteries and coronary arteries isolated from Wistar rats. We found FA dose-dependently relieved the contraction of aorta, small mesenteric arteries and coronary arteries induced by different contractors, U46619, phenylephrine (Phe) and KCl...
October 6, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Fang Zhang, Kiran Thakur, Ao-Te Ci, Hao Wang, Jian-Guo Zhang, Zhao-Jun Wei
We evaluated the antioxidant activity of natural polyphenols which gives high oxidative stability to the pecan oil. The in vitro DPPH radical scavenging, reducing power and total antioxidant activity of tested antioxidants demonstrated that tannic acid displayed the highest DPPH scavenging activity and provided the largest reducing power. During storage of pecan oil, based on oxidative stability tests, we further evaluated the protective effect of polyphenols and synthetic antioxidants on the oxidative stability of pecan oil...
October 5, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Hao Wang, Xiaoxu Sun, Ning Zhang, Zhouye Ji, Zhanqiang Ma, Qiang Fu, Rong Qu, Shiping Ma
Cognitive impairment has been recognized as a typical characteristic of neurodegenerative disease in diabetes mellitus (DM) and this cognitive dysfunction may be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Ferulic acid, a phenolic compound commonly found in a range of plants, has emerged various properties including anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. In the present study, the protective activities and relevant mechanisms of ferulic acid were evaluated in diabetic rats with cognitive deficits, which were induced by a high-glucose-fat (HGF) diet and low dose of streptozotocin (STZ)...
October 4, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
Tássia Silva Tavares, Juliana Arriel Torres, Maria Cristina Silva, Francisco Guilherme Esteves Nogueira, Adilson C da Silva, Teodorico C Ramalho
A significant enhancement in the catalytic performance due to enzymes immobilization is a great way to enhance the economics of biocatalytic processes. The soybean peroxidase (SP) immobilization under ferroxyte and the ferulic acid removal by the enzyme free and immobilized were investigated. The immobilization via silica-coated ferroxyte nanoparticles was effective, and immobilization yield of 39%. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed significant changes in the materials morphology. Substantial differences were observed in the particles' Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectra...
October 6, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Thibaut M B Mouthier, Baris Kilic, Pieter Vervoort, Harry Gruppen, Mirjam A Kabel
Wheat straw based composting generates a selective substrate for mushroom production. The first phase of this process requires 5 days, and a reduction in time is wished. Here, we aim at understanding the effect of gypsum on the duration of the first phase and the mechanism behind it. Hereto, the regular process with gypsum addition and the same process without gypsum were studied during a 5-day period. The compost quality was evaluated based on compost lignin composition analysed by py-GC/MS and its degradability by a commercial (hemi-)cellulolytic enzyme cocktail...
2017: PloS One
Hongjie Feng, Yonglin Yang, Shichao Sun, Yanjun Li, Lin Zhang, Jingkui Tian, Qianhao Zhu, Zili Feng, Heqin Zhu, Jie Sun, Qiao Zhao
The pigment components in green cotton fibers were isolated and identified as 22-O-caffeoyl-22-hydroxymonodocosanoin and 22-O-caffeoyl-22-hydroxydocosanoic acid. The concentration of 22-O-caffeoyl-22-hydroxymonodocosanoin correlated positively with the degree of colour in the green fibers, indicating a role for caffeoyl derivatives in the pigmentation of green cotton fibers. Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) contains four genes, Gh4CL1-Gh4CL4, encoding 4-coumarate:CoA ligases (4CLs), key enzymes in the phenylpropanoid biosynthesis pathway...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
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