keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

VZV

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319192/characteristics-of-patients-with-acute-peripheral-facial-palsy-showing-varicella-zoster-virus-dna-in-saliva
#1
Dong Sik Chang, Jun Lee, Sun Ae Shin, Ho Yun Lee
Infection caused by Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a common etiology of acute peripheral facial palsy (APFP). We aimed to assess the clinical significance of detecting VZV DNA from the saliva of patients with APFP. Saliva collected from thirty-six patients with unilateral APFP at initial visit was analyzed to detect VZV DNA by polymerase chain reaction. The House-Brackmann (HB) scale was used to evaluate FP severity on admission day, at week 2, and at weeks 10-12 after start of treatment. Among the 28 patients without rash, VZV DNA was detected in 3 patients (10...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302565/candidate-for-a-live-vaccine
#2
Justin Ralph Abbatemarco, Alan Taege
Immune dysfunction is a well-known phenomenon in end-stage liver disease (ESLD). The pretransplant period offers a unique window for primary care physicians to optimize the transplant's vaccine protection before antirejection medications are initiated. Live vaccinations are selected cautiously but the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) vaccine, Zostavax, is recommended for pretransplant candidates. This case highlights an ESLD patient who developed disseminated cutaneous VZV within 30 days of vaccination.
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276161/impact-of-vaccination-history-on-serological-testing-in-pregnant-women
#3
Michaël Desjardins, Isabelle Boucoiran, Caroline Paquet, Céline Laferrière, Anne Gosselin-Brisson, Annie-Claude Labbé, Valérie Martel-Laferrière
OBJECTIVE: Serological testing guidelines for vaccine-preventable infectious diseases in pregnant women are heterogeneous. It is unclear how vaccination history influences health care workers' (HCWs) attitudes about testing. The aim of this study was to describe current practices in screening for rubella, hepatitis B, and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) in pregnant women in the province of Québec. METHODS: In 2015, an electronic survey was distributed to HCWs who followed the case of at least one pregnant woman in the previous year and who could be contacted by email by their professional association...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275386/chickenpox-an-ageless-disease
#4
Annalan Mathew Dwight Navaratnam, Nan Ma, Maria Farrukh, Aza Abdulla
A 97-year-old woman presented with 4-day history of vesicular rash, initially at the feet but then spread up to the thighs bilaterally, abdomen and trunk. The initial differentials included bullous pemphigus and cellulitis by the emergency department. She was then managed as bullous pemphigus by the acute medical team and started on high-dose steroids, with no other differentials considered. When her care was taken over by the general medical team, varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection was suspected. After confirmation by the dermatology team regarding the clinical diagnosis and the positive VZV DNA swabs, she was started on acyclovir...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273977/negative-igg-varicella-zoster-virus-antibody-status-immune-responses-pre-and-post-re-immunization
#5
Tamar A Smith-Norowitz, Tehila A Saadia, Kevin B Norowitz, Rauno Joks, Helen G Durkin, Stephan Kohlhoff
INTRODUCTION: Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes chicken pox and herpes zoster and is a self-limiting disease in healthy children. Vaccination is recommended for children, adolescents, and adults. This study discusses a healthy pediatric patient with negative immunoglobulin (Ig) G VZV antibody (Ab) status after two doses of varicella vaccine and then subsequently re-immunized. Since measurement of serum IgG titers alone may not reflect vaccine protection, we further evaluated cell-mediated and humoral immune responses before and after re-immunization...
December 22, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260091/poor-prognosis-of-elderly-individuals-80-years-of-age-with-acute-retinal-necrosis
#6
Ryoji Yanai, Daisuke Harada, Sho-Hei Uchi, Chiemi Yamashiro, Tomoko Orita, Koh-Hei Sonoda, Kazuhiro Kimura
Purpose: To report the clinical features and prognosis of acute retinal necrosis (ARN) in elderly (>80 years of age) individuals. Methods: Six consecutive patients with unilateral ARN who attended the Department of Ophthalmology at Yamaguchi University Hospital between 2014 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical characteristics, causative virus, time from symptom onset to physician visit, visual acuity at presentation and final visit, and treatment were evaluated and compared between the three elderly and three middle-aged (<80 years) patients...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258454/atypical-acute-retinal-necrosis-accompanied-by-terson-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Jong Young Lee, Dong Yoon Kim, Hye Jin Lee, Jin Ho Jeong, Sung Pyo Park, Jin Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) has characterized by panuveitis, vitritis, severe vaso-occlusive vasculitis, and diffuse necrotizing retinitis. There are no case reports on atypical ARN combined with Terson's syndrome. Herein, we report a case of ARN with atypical clinical features combined with Terson's syndrome that we successfully treated by intravitreal ganciclovir injection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old man visited our eye clinic with a complaint of decreased visual acuity in his right eye...
December 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242077/vaccine-type-mutations-identified-in-varicella-zoster-virus-passaged-in-cell-culture
#8
Seok Cheon Kim, Youn Hee Won, Ji Seon Park, Jeong Seon Jeon, Jin Hyun Ahn, Moon Jung Song, Ok Sarah Shin, Chan Hee Lee
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is a causative agent for chickenpox and shingles. Comparative genomic sequence analysis of clinical and vaccine strains suggested potential sites responsible for attenuation. In this study, low and high passages of two VZV clinical strains cultured in human fibroblast cells were compared for genomic DNA sequences and growth characteristics. Mutations were detected at 187 and 162 sites in the strain YC01 and YC02, respectively. More than 86% of mutations were found in open reading frames, and ORF62 exhibited highest frequency of mutations...
December 11, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232664/vaccination-practices-in-pediatric-dialysis-patients-across-europe-a-european-pediatric-dialysis-working-group-and-european-society-for-pediatric-nephrology-dialysis-working-group-study
#9
Sevcan A Bakkaloğlu, Yesim Özdemir Atikel, Fabio Paglialonga, Constantinos J Stefanidis, Varvara Askiti, Enrico Vidal, Gema Ariceta, Engin Melek, Enrico Verrina, Nikoleta Printza, Karel Vondrak, Aleksandra Zurowska, Ilona Zagozdzon, Mesiha Ekim, Elif Nursel Özmert, Stephanie Dufek, Augustina Jankauskiene, Claus Peter Schmitt, Eszter Lévai, Johan Vande Walle, Nur Canpolat, Tuula Holtta, Michel Fischbach, Guenter Klaus, Christoph Aufricht, Rukshana Shroff, Alberto Edefonti
BACKGROUND: Data on the immunization practices in pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are scarce. The purpose of this study was to evaluate current vaccination practices for children on dialysis across European pediatric nephrology centers. METHODS: A total of 18 tertiary pediatric nephrology centers from 12 European countries were included in the study. The data on universal national immunization programs and immunization practices for children with chronic disease or risk were recorded from European Center for Disease Prevention and Control and the World Health Organization...
December 12, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232422/atypical-disseminated-herpes-zoster-management-guidelines-in-immunocompromised-patients
#10
Daniel J Lewis, Megan J Schlichte, Harry Dao
Reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) causes dermatomal herpes zoster (HZ) and more rarely severe disseminated HZ including diffuse rash, encephalitis, hepatitis, and pneumonitis. An atypical form of VZV infection, disseminated HZ has been described primarily in immunocompromised hosts. We report 2 cases of atypical disseminated HZ in immunocompromised patients presenting with diffuse, nondermatomal, vesicular eruptions. We also provide a review of the literature and summarize the current guidelines for the treatment and prophylaxis of HZ in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, solid organ transplantation (SOT), and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT)...
November 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232420/atypical-herpes-zoster-presentation-in-a-healthy-vaccinated-pediatric-patient
#11
Alicia T Dagrosa, Lindsey K Collins, M Shane Chapman
We report the case of a 6-year-old girl with no notable medical history who presented to the dermatology clinic for evaluation of left leg pain with an overlying erythematous rash of 4 days' duration. Clinical examination revealed pink patches and plaques in a unilateral L5 distribution with an isolated pinpoint vesicle. Direct fluorescent antibody testing confirmed varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection, establishing a diagnosis of herpes zoster (HZ). The patient previously had received the VZV vaccine in the left leg and arm and had no history of primary VZV infection...
November 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219259/nursing-management-of-childhood-chickenpox-infection
#12
Grace Boyd, Paul Anthony Heaton, Rachel Wilkinson, Siba Prosad Paul
Chickenpox is an extremely contagious infectious disease caused by varicella zoster virus (VZV). It is a common childhood illness characterised by an itchy vesicular rash and fever, which usually resolves spontaneously without medical intervention. Serious, and rarely fatal, complications can occur, including pneumonia, central nervous system infection, overwhelming secondary bacterial infections, especially with Group A streptococcus, and necrotising fasciitis. Therefore it is crucial that emergency department (ED) nurses can recognise the signs and symptoms that indicate deterioration...
December 8, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207540/herpesvirus-and-autophagy-all-right-everybody-be-cool-this-is-a-robbery
#13
REVIEW
Marion Lussignol, Audrey Esclatine
Autophagy is an essential vacuolar process of the cell, leading to lysosomal degradation and recycling of proteins and organelles, which is extremely important in maintaining homeostasis. Multiple roles have been now associated with autophagy, in particular a pro-survival role in nutrient starvation or in stressful environments, a role in life span extension, in development, or in innate and adaptive immunity. This cellular process can also take over microorganisms or viral proteins inside autophagosomes and degrade them directly in autolysosomes and is then called xenophagy and virophagy, respectively...
December 4, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197841/haemorrhagic-conversion-of-infectious-myelitis-in-an-immunocompromised-patient
#14
Michael Stephen Pohlen, Jonathan Sunwei Lin, Kevin Yuqi Wang, Mohammad Ghasemi-Rad, Christie M Lincoln
A 28-year-old man recently diagnosed with HIV (CD4 19 cells/mm3, viral load 3.6 million copies/mL, not on highly active antiretroviral therapy on initial diagnosis at outside hospital), disseminated histoplasmosis, shingles and syphilis presented with paraplegia developing over 3 days. Spine MRI demonstrated a longitudinally extensive cord lesion extending from C3 to the tip of the conus. Brain MRI was consistent with meningoencephalitis. Cerebrospinal fluid findings were notable for positive varicella zoster virus (VZV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) PCRs as well as a Venereal Disease Research Laboratory titre of 1:2...
December 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197712/radiotherapy-induced-reactivation-of-neurotrophic-human-herpes-viruses-overview-and-management
#15
REVIEW
Marigdalia K Ramirez-Fort, Jianying Zeng, Amir Feily, Luis A Ramirez-Pacheco, Joseph M Jenrette, David L Mayhew, Talal Syed, S Lewis Cooper, Craig Linden, Witney S Graybill, Lars E French, Christopher S Lange
PURPOSE: Infection by Human Herpes Viruses (HHV) types 1-3, are prevalent throughout the world. It is known that radiotherapy can reactivate HHVs, but it is unclear how and to what extent reactivations can interact with or affect radiotherapeutic efficacy, patient outcomes and mortality risk. Herein, we aim to summarize what is known about Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)-1,2 and Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) pathophysiology as it relates to tumor biology, radiotherapy, chemo-radiotherapy, diagnosis and management so as to optimize cancer treatment in the setting of active HHV infection...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196796/increased-herpes-zoster-risk-associated-with-poor-hla-a-immediate-early-62-protein-ie62-affinity
#16
Pieter Meysman, Nicolas De Neuter, Esther Bartholomeus, George Elias, Johan Van den Bergh, Marie-Paule Emonds, Geert W Haasnoot, Steven Heynderickx, Johan Wens, Nele R Michels, Julien Lambert, Eva Lion, Frans H J Claas, Herman Goossens, Evelien Smits, Pierre Van Damme, Viggo Van Tendeloo, Philippe Beutels, Arvid Suls, Geert Mortier, Kris Laukens, Benson Ogunjimi
Around 30% of individuals will develop herpes zoster (HZ), caused by the varicella zoster virus (VZV), during their life. While several risk factors for HZ, such as immunosuppressive therapy, are well known, the genetic and molecular components that determine the risk of otherwise healthy individuals to develop HZ are still poorly understood. We created a computational model for the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA-A, -B, and -C) presentation capacity of peptides derived from the VZV Immediate Early 62 (IE62) protein...
December 1, 2017: Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192574/-a-woman-with-skin-rash-and-dyspnoea
#17
J L J Hanssen, N M Delfos
We present a 36-year-old woman who was born and raised in Hongkong but currently lived in the Netherlands. She was admitted with a varicella-zoster virus (VZV) primo-infection complicated by pneumonia and hepatitis. The patient was successfully treated with aciclovir. Adult VZV primo-infections are uncommon in Dutch natives but occur more often in immigrants from countries with a temperate climate where less people are infected during childhood.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179969/-detection-of-herpes-virus-and-human-enterovirus-in-pathology-samples-using-low-density-arrays
#18
Sofía Del Carmen Martínez, Ruth Gervás Ríos, Yoana Franco Rodríguez, Cristina González Velasco, Miguel Ángel Cruz Sánchez, María Del Mar Abad Hernández
Despite the frequency of infections with herpesviridae family, only eight subtypes affect humans (Herpex Simplex Virus types 1 and 2, Varicella Zoster Virus, Epstein-Barr Virus, Citomegalovirus and Human Herpes Virus types 6, 7 and 8). Amongst enteroviruses infections, the most important are Poliovirus, Coxackievirus and Echovirus. Symptoms can vary from mild to severe and early diagnosis is of upmost importance. Nowadays, low-density arrays can detect different types of viruses in a single assay using DNA extracted from biological samples...
January 2017: Revista Española de Patología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177692/dermatological-complications-after-solid-organ-transplantation
#19
REVIEW
Luigi Naldi, Anna Venturuzzo, Pietro Invernizzi
Organ transplant recipients (OTRs) are a population at high risk for cutaneous adverse events. Their early recognition and appropriate treatment is an important component of the clinical management of OTRs and should be optimally dealt with by dermatologists working in the context of a transplant dermatology clinic. Skin examination should be a standard procedure before performing organ transplantation to assess conditions which may be difficult to manage after the transplant procedure has been performed or which may represent a contraindication to transplantation, e...
November 25, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174682/herpes-zoster-vaccine-live-a-10%C3%A2-year-review-of-post-marketing-safety-experience
#20
English D Willis, Meredith Woodward, Elizabeth Brown, Zoran Popmihajlov, Patricia Saddier, Paula W Annunziato, Neal A Halsey, Anne A Gershon
BACKGROUND: Zoster vaccine is a single dose live, attenuated vaccine (ZVL) indicated for individuals ≥50 years-old for the prevention of herpes zoster (HZ). Safety data from clinical trials and post-licensure studies provided reassurance that ZVL is generally safe and well tolerated. The objective of this review was to provide worldwide post-marketing safety information following 10 years of use and >34 million doses distributed. METHODS: All post-marketing adverse experience (AE) reports received worldwide between 02-May-2006 and 01-May-2016 from healthcare professionals following vaccination with ZVL and submitted to the MSD AE global safety database, were analyzed...
December 19, 2017: Vaccine
keyword
keyword
52417
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"