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Celiac athlete

Barry Kent Diduch
Exercise can have significant effects on gastrointestinal diseases. Regular, moderate exercise can impart beneficial effects for the intestinal microbiome, irritable bowel syndrome symptoms, and inflammatory bowel disease. High-intensity training or prolonged endurance training, on the other hand, can have negative effects on these same entities. Female athletes report a higher prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome and celiac disease, and furthermore, have gastrointestinal symptoms modulated by the menstrual cycle...
October 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Jeffrey N Harr, Ivy N Haskins, Fred Brody
BACKGROUND: Exercise-related transient abdominal pain (ETAP) is a common entity in young athletes. Most occurrences are due to a "cramp" or "stitch," but an uncommon, and often overlooked, etiology of ETAP is median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS). The initial presentation of MALS typically includes postprandial nausea, bloating, abdominal pain, and diarrhea, but in athletes, the initial presentation may be ETAP. METHODS: We present a case series of three athletes who presented with exercise-related transient abdominal pain and were ultimately diagnosed and treated for MALS...
January 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
Dana Lis, Trent Stellingwerff, Cecilia M Kitic, Kiran D K Ahuja, James Fell
PURPOSE: Implementation of gluten-free diets among nonceliac athletes has rapidly increased in recent years because of perceived ergogenic and health benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a gluten-free diet (GFD) on exercise performance, gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, perceived well-being, intestinal injury, and inflammatory responses in nonceliac athletes. METHODS: Thirteen competitive endurance cyclists (8 males, 5 females) with no positive clinical screening for celiac disease or history of irritable bowel syndrome (mean ± SD; age, 32 ± 7 yr; weight, 71...
December 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Darren Morton, Robin Callister
Exercise-related transient abdominal pain (ETAP), commonly referred to as 'stitch', is an ailment well known in many sporting activities. It is especially prevalent in activities that involve repetitive torso movement with the torso in an extended position, such as running and horse riding. Approximately 70% of runners report experiencing the pain in the past year and in a single running event approximately one in five participants can be expected to suffer the condition. ETAP is a localized pain that is most common in the lateral aspects of the mid abdomen along the costal border, although it may occur in any region of the abdomen...
January 2015: Sports Medicine
Katherine Elizabeth Black, Paula Skidmore, Rachel Clare Brown
Food intolerance is becoming increasingly prevalent, and increasing numbers of athletes have celiac disease. This poses challenges as dietary recommendations for exercise are largely based on gluten-containing carbohydrate-rich foods. The K4 cycle race covers 384 km around the Coromandel Peninsula, New Zealand. Lack of sleep, darkness, and temperature variations pose a number of nutritional challenges. Limited food choices present those with celiac disease with even greater challenges. This case study describes the intakes of one such athlete during training and competing in the K4...
August 2012: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Lee A Mancini, Thomas Trojian, Angela C Mancini
With the diagnosis of celiac disease rising in the past decade and with increased public awareness, team physicians are faced with both managing and diagnosing athletes with celiac disease. Sports medicine physicians need to recognize that celiac disease can present with a number of different symptoms and, therefore, should consider celiac disease as part of their differential in evaluating athletes with prolonged unexplained illnesses. Sports medicine physicians must be familiar with the appropriate laboratory tests and diagnostic procedures used to establish the diagnosis of celiac disease...
March 2011: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Sayako Maeda, Shinya Yamamoto, Tetsuya Makiishi
A 17-year-old high school boy was admitted to our hospital because of hypertension. Doppler ultrasound of the renal arteries and 3D-CT angiography showed a stenosis of the right renal artery, which was pushed against the aorta by the right crus of the diaphragm. He underwent aortography and selective renal arteriography. His right renal artery originated from the aorta at a higher level than the left renal artery, between the celiac artery and the superior mesenteric artery. Renal arteriography confirmed a 50% reduction in diameter (stenosis) of the proximal right renal artery entrapped by the right diaphragmatic crus...
2011: Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi
Thomas S Riles, Judith C Lin
In this case report, we present a 45-year-old man who experienced abdominal pain while bench-pressing heavy weights. A computed tomography angiogram showed a dissection of the celiac artery extending into the hepatic and splenic arteries, with thrombus in the false lumen into the common hepatic artery. With resolution of his symptoms, he was discharged after several days of warfarin and metoprolol therapy. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a dissection of the celiac artery and its branches caused by weight lifting...
June 2011: Journal of Vascular Surgery
R W F ter Steege, J J Kolkman, A B Huisman, R H Geelkerken
Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are reported by up to 70% of endurance athletes. Although exercise leads to decreased gastrointestinal blood flow, GI-ischaemia is rarely reported as a cause. Mucosal ischaemia may result in nausea, abdominal cramps and bloody diarrhoea. After exercise, reperfusion damage and endotoxaemia may cause systemic symptoms as well. In three patients, two women aged 46 and 25 respectively and a man aged 40, with a heterogeneous presentation of exercise induced GI-symptoms, GI-ischaemia was demonstrated using gastric exercise tonometry...
August 16, 2008: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
James E Leone, Kimberly A Gray, John E Massie, Jennifer M Rossi
OBJECTIVE: To present the case of a collegiate tennis player with celiac disease symptoms. BACKGROUND: Celiac disease is a common intestinal disorder that is often confused with other conditions. It causes severe intestinal damage manifested by several uncomfortable signs and symptoms. Failure by the sports medicine staff to recognize symptoms consistent with celiac disease and treat them appropriately can have deleterious consequences for the athlete. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS: Irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn disease, Addison disease, lupus erythematosus, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, lactose intolerance, herpes zoster, psychogenic disorder (depression), fibromyalgia, complex regional pain syndrome, hyperthyroidism, anemia, type I diabetes...
October 2005: Journal of Athletic Training
Lindsey E Eberman, Michelle A Cleary
OBJECTIVE: To present the case of an elite female volleyball player who complained of diarrhea and fatigue after preseason training. BACKGROUND: The athlete lost 8.1 kg during the first 20 days of training, and we initially suspected an eating disorder. The sports medicine team interviewed the athlete and found she did not have psychological symptoms indicative of an eating disorder. The results of routine blood tests revealed critically high platelet counts; in conjunction with the physical findings, the athlete was referred to a gastroenterologist...
October 2005: Journal of Athletic Training
Heinz Zoller, Wolfgang Vogel
Although it generally does not improve performance, iron is often used by elite athletes. The physiologic changes induced by exercise can mimic iron deficiency and decrease hemoglobin and ferritin concentrations. Determination of serum transferrin receptor concentrations may identify true iron deficiency, which occurs particularly in young athletes. In contrast, increased iron stores in the body are a frequent finding in elite athletes who have used long-term iron supplementation. Elite runners have increased intestinal blood loss, but this usually can be compensated by enhanced absorption of dietary iron...
July 2004: Nutrition
Karen K Miller
Nutritional disorders that cause bone loss in adults include disordered eating behaviors (female athlete triad and anorexia nervosa), gastrointestinal diseases (celiac sprue, inflammatory bowel disease, and other malabsorption syndromes), alcoholism, and hypervitaminosis A. These disorders exert their effects on bone through a number of mechanisms, including estrogen deficiency. Deficiencies of anabolic hormones may also be important, including insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), a nutritionally regulated bone trophic factor...
March 2003: Journal of Women's Health
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