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Humor in healthcare

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519596/prospects-of-a-vaccine-for-the-prevention-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-disease
#1
REVIEW
Bodo Plachter
Congenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is one leading cause of childhood disabilities. Prevention of congenital HCMV disease by vaccination has consequently been identified as a priority public healthcare goal. Several vaccine candidates have been introduced in the past that aimed at the prevention of primary HCMV infection in pregnancy. None of these has provided complete protection, and no licensed vaccine is thus far available. An additional level of complexity has been reached by recent studies indicating that the burden of HCMV transmission and disease following non-primary infections in pregnancy may be higher than previously anticipated...
December 2016: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496647/humor-power-conveying-social-structures-inside-forensic-mental-health-nursing
#2
Frederik A Gildberg, Kristian J Paaske, Vivian L Rasmussen, Ricko D Nissen, Stephen K Bradley, Lise Hounsgaard
According to research literature, humor inside the staff-patient interaction seems to be significant in the area of forensic mental healthcare. However, existing literature on the subject is limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the characteristics of the use humor by forensic mental health staff members in interactions with forensic mental health inpatients. The study included 32 forensic mental health staff members, used 307 hours of participant observations, 48 informal interviews, and seven formal semistructured interviews...
July 2016: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443613/ebola-virus-shedding-and-transmission-review-of-current-evidence
#3
Pauline Vetter, William A Fischer, Manuel Schibler, Michael Jacobs, Daniel G Bausch, Laurent Kaiser
BACKGROUND:  The magnitude of the 2013-2016 Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa was unprecedented, with >28 500 reported cases and >11 000 deaths. Understanding the key elements of Ebola virus transmission is necessary to implement adequate infection prevention and control measures to protect healthcare workers and halt transmission in the community. METHODS:  We performed an extensive PubMed literature review encompassing the period from discovery of Ebola virus, in 1976, until 1 June 2016 to evaluate the evidence on modes of Ebola virus shedding and transmission...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066472/exploring-ayurvedic-knowledge-on-food-and-health-for-providing-innovative-solutions-to-contemporary-healthcare
#4
REVIEW
Unnikrishnan Payyappallimana, Padma Venkatasubramanian
Ayurveda, a traditional system of medicine that originated over three millennia ago in the South Asian region, offers extensive insights about food and health based on certain unique conceptual as well as theoretical positions. Health is defined as a state of equilibrium with one's self (svasthya) but which is inextricably linked to the environment. Ayurvedic principles, such as the tridosa (three humors) theory, provide the relationship between the microcosm and the macrocosm that can be applied in day-to-day practice...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26510727/safety-and-immunogenicity-of-novel-respiratory-syncytial-virus-rsv-vaccines-based-on-the-rsv-viral-proteins-f-n-and-m2-1-encoded-by-simian-adenovirus-panad3-rsv-and-mva-mva-rsv-protocol-for-an-open-label-dose-escalation-single-centre-phase-1-clinical-trial
#5
C A Green, E Scarselli, M Voysey, S Capone, A Vitelli, A Nicosia, R Cortese, A J Thompson, C S Sande, Catherine de Lara, P Klenerman, A J Pollard
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection causes respiratory disease throughout life, with infants and the elderly at risk of severe disease and death. RSV001 is a phase 1 (first-in-man), open-label, dose-escalation, clinical trial of novel genetic viral-vectored vaccine candidates PanAd3-RSV and modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA)-RSV. The objective of RSV001 is to characterise the (primary objective) safety and (secondary objective) immunogenicity of these vaccines in healthy younger and older adults...
October 28, 2015: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26293215/mobile-phone-text-message-reminders-measuring-preferences-of-people-with-antipsychotic-medication
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Kaisa Kauppi, Kati A Kannisto, Heli Hätönen, Minna Anttila, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Clive E Adams, Maritta Välimäki
UNLABELLED: Mobile technology use, including Short Messaging Service (SMS) text messaging, has increased in health care services. Preferences regarding the type or timing of text messages sent by healthcare providers to people with antipsychotic medication have not yet been fully investigated. This study examines the relationship between patients' demographic characteristics and the tailored messages they select. The study ("Mobile.Net", ISRCTN: 27704027) includes a structured analysis of a random sub-sample of participants who received messages for 12months...
October 2015: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26233937/a-case-of-suicide-by-self-injection-of-adrenaline
#7
Cristian Palmiere, Fabien Bévalot, Daniel Malicier, Eric Grouzmann, Tony Fracasso, Laurent Fanton
Adrenaline (epinephrine) auto-injectors provide life-saving pre-hospital treatment for individuals experiencing anaphylaxis in a community setting. Errors in handling adrenaline auto-injectors, particularly by children and healthcare professionals, have been reported. Reports of adrenaline overdoses are limited in the medical literature. In most of these cases, accidental adrenaline administration results from medical error. Exogenous administration of catecholamine is responsible for cardiovascular and metabolic responses, which may cause supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular dysrhythmias and myocardial ischemia...
September 2015: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26161083/single-dose-cpg-immunization-protects-against-a-heterosubtypic-challenge-and-generates-antigen-specific-memory-t-cells
#8
Alexander J Vogel, Deborah M Brown
Despite extensive research, influenza A virus (IAV) remains a major cause of morbidity, mortality, and healthcare expenditure. Emerging pandemics from highly pathogenic IAV strains, such as H5N1 and pandemic H1N1, highlight the need for universal, cross-protective vaccines. Current vaccine formulations generate strain-specific neutralizing antibodies primarily against the outer coat proteins, hemagglutinin and neuraminidase. In contrast to these highly mutable proteins, internal proteins of IAV are more conserved and are a favorable target for developing vaccines that induce strong T cell responses in addition to humoral immunity...
2015: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26132281/experiences-of-young-adults-with-pacemakers-and-or-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators
#9
Karen Larimer, Julie Durmus, Elizabeth Florez
BACKGROUND: The number of implanted devices (pacemakers [PMs] and implantable cardioverter defibrillators [ICDs]) is increasing. Because of technological advances, these devices are used in greater numbers in children and adolescents. Challenges of having these devices have been well studied in adults, but little is known about the lived experiences from the perspective of young adults. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the lived experiences, coping behaviors, and challenges of young adults who had cardiac devices implanted during childhood...
July 1, 2015: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26057137/persistence-and-avidity-maturation-of-antibodies-to-a-h1n1-pdm09-in-healthcare-workers-following-repeated-annual-vaccinations
#10
Synnøve Eidem, Sarah M Tete, Åsne Jul-Larsen, Katja Hoschler, Emanuele Montomoli, Karl A Brokstad, Rebecca J Cox
Healthcare workers are at increased risk of influenza infection through direct patient care, particularly during the early stages of a pandemic. Although influenza vaccination is widely recommended in Healthcare workers, data on long-term immunogenicity of vaccination in healthcare workers are lacking. The present study was designed to assess the persistence of the humoral response after pandemic vaccination as well as the impact of repeated annual vaccination in healthcare workers (n=24). Pandemic influenza vaccination resulted in a significant increase in haemagglutination inhibition (HI) antibody titers with 93-100% of subjects achieving protective titers 21-days post each of the three annual vaccinations...
August 7, 2015: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26009966/single-dose-vaccination-of-the-aso3-adjuvanted-a-h1n1-pdm09-monovalent-vaccine-in-health-care-workers-elicits-homologous-and-cross-reactive-cellular-and-humoral-responses-to-h1n1-strains
#11
Sarah Lartey, Rishi D Pathirana, Fan Zhou, Åsne Jul-Larsen, Emanuele Montomoli, John Wood, Rebecca Jane Cox
Healthcare workers (HCW) were prioritized for vaccination during the 2009 influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 pandemic. We conducted a clinical trial in October 2009 where 237 HCWs were immunized with a AS03-adjuvanted A(H1N1)pdm09 monovalent vaccine. In the current study, we analyzed the homologous and cross-reactive H1N1 humoral responses using prototype vaccine strains dating back to 1977 by the haemagglutinin inhibition (HI), single radial hemolysis SRH), antibody secreting cell (ASC) and memory B cell (MBC) assays...
2015: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25741660/readability-of-medicinal-package-leaflets-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Carla Pires, Marina Vigário, Afonso Cavaco
OBJECTIVE To review studies on the readability of package leaflets of medicinal products for human use. METHODS We conducted a systematic literature review between 2008 and 2013 using the keywords "Readability and Package Leaflet" and "Readability and Package Insert" in the academic search engine Biblioteca do Conhecimento Online, comprising different bibliographic resources/databases. The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses criteria were applied to prepare the draft of the report...
2015: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25697909/communication-in-healthcare-interactions-in-dementia-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#13
REVIEW
Jemima Dooley, Cate Bailey, Rose McCabe
BACKGROUND: Communication is affected by dementia, even in the early stages. Studies directly observing how patients, companions and healthcare professionals communicate have not yet been reviewed. METHODS: Eight databases were searched, and hand searches of relevant journals and grey literature were performed up to August 2014. Two authors reviewed abstracts independently and collectively reviewed for agreement of inclusion. Findings were narratively synthesized...
August 2015: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25304815/donor-specific-antibodies-in-allograft-recipients-etiology-impact-and-therapeutic-approaches
#14
REVIEW
Stanley C Jordan, Ashley A Vo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Kidney transplantation remains the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage renal failure. However, despite significant advancements in detection of donor-specific human leukocyte antigen antibodies, improved immunosuppression and patient management, the durability of this life-saving therapy has not improved. This results in increased morbidity and mortality as well as increased cost to the healthcare system. RECENT FINDINGS: The identification of immune-pathogenic pathways responsible for allograft failure coupled with targeted interventions will represent one of the most important future objectives of transplant immunologist and physicians...
December 2014: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25018619/aqueous-humor-erythropoietin-levels-in-open-angle-glaucoma-patients-with-and-without-ttr-v30m-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy
#15
João M Beirão, Luciana M Moreira, João C Oliveira, Maria J Menéres, Bernardete B Pessoa, Maria E Matos, Paulo P Costa, Paulo A Torres, Idalina B Beirão
PURPOSE: Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) patients. Erythropoietin (EPO) is a cytokine that has been shown to play a role in neuroprotection and is endogenously produced in the eye. EPO levels in the aqueous humor are increased in eyes with glaucoma. In this study, we evaluated the EPO concentration in the aqueous humor of FAP and non-FAP patients, with and without glaucoma. METHODS: Undiluted aqueous humor samples were obtained from 42 eyes that underwent glaucoma surgery, phacoemulsification, or vitrectomy...
2014: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24787253/a-narrative-inquiry-how-do-nurses-respond-to-patients-use-of-humour
#16
Gunilla Haydon, Pamela van der Riet
In today's healthcare system where technical instruments and test results are used to implement care it is easy to lose the human aspect of nursing. Personal interaction can get lost and nurses sometimes miss humorous attempts made by patients. Humour is a very personal concept, what one person thinks is funny does not necessarily make another person smile, or might even be hurtful. Humour is an important communication tool for patients as it humanises the nurses, creates a bond and opens communication lines...
2014: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24774895/-textual-research-on-chen-ye-and-his-jia-cang-jing-yan-fang-family-preserved-empirical-recipes-of-the-song-dynasty
#17
Xuedan Zhang, Ruqing Zhang, Dexing Chen
Chen Ye, an official of the Southern Song Dynasty, also known as Chen Rihua as his styled name, was born in Changle, Fuzhou in the reign of Shaoxing, and died during the reign of Duanping. He had been consecutively in the positions of Jiang shi lang (Court Gentleman for Ceremonial Service), Zhi zhou (Prefect) of Lingding, the Ti xing (Judicial Commissioner) of Guangdong, the Zong ling (Overseer-general) of Sichuan, Shan ding (Reviser), Shu lin and other positions in Tongzhou, Yuanzhou. His works included 1 volume of Gu ling xian sheng nian pu (Mr...
January 2014: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24673888/camel-milk-amoxicillin-and-a-prayer-medical-pluralism-and-medical-humanitarian-aid-in-the-somali-region-of-ethiopia
#18
Lauren Carruth
This paper details how exposure to new clinics, diagnostic technologies, and pharmaceuticals during humanitarian relief operations in the Somali Region of Ethiopia shaped local pluralistic health systems and altered the ways in which residents subsequently conceived of and treated illness and disease. Despite rising demand for pharmaceuticals and diagnostic technologies among Somalis in Ethiopia, local ethnophysiologies continued to draw upon popular ideas about humoral flows, divine action, and spirit possession...
November 2014: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24138445/a-narrative-inquiry-how-do-nurses-respond-to-patients-use-of-humour
#19
Gunilla Haydon, Pamela van der Riet
Abstract In today's healthcare system where technical instruments and test results are used to implement care it is easy to lose the human aspect of nursing. Personal interaction can get lost and nurses sometimes miss humorous attempts made by patients. Humour is a very personal concept, what one person thinks is funny does not necessarily make another person smile, or might even be hurtful. Humour is an important communication tool for patients as it humanises the nurses, creates a bond and opens communication lines...
October 19, 2013: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23940349/immunomodulatory-effect-of-a-decellularized-skeletal-muscle-scaffold-in-a-discordant-xenotransplantation-model
#20
Jonathan M Fishman, Mark W Lowdell, Luca Urbani, Tahera Ansari, Alan J Burns, Mark Turmaine, Janet North, Paul Sibbons, Alexander M Seifalian, Kathryn J Wood, Martin A Birchall, Paolo De Coppi
Decellularized (acellular) scaffolds, composed of natural extracellular matrix, form the basis of an emerging generation of tissue-engineered organ and tissue replacements capable of transforming healthcare. Prime requirements for allogeneic, or xenogeneic, decellularized scaffolds are biocompatibility and absence of rejection. The humoral immune response to decellularized scaffolds has been well documented, but there is a lack of data on the cell-mediated immune response toward them in vitro and in vivo. Skeletal muscle scaffolds were decellularized, characterized in vitro, and xenotransplanted...
August 27, 2013: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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