keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ascitic fluid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349035/successful-treatment-of-a-patient-with-chyluria-due-to-lymphangioleiomyomatosis-using-sirolimus
#1
Takahiko Sakaue, Masaki Tominaga, Takashi Niizeki, Yoshiaki Zaizen, Ken Matsukuma, Masamichi Koganemaru, Tomoaki Hoshino, Takuji Torimura
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare and progressive neoplastic disease of young woman, characterized by the proliferation of abnormal smooth muscle-like cells (LAM cells) in the lungs and axial lymphatics. A 44-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because pleural effusion was detected during a health checkup. She had chylothorax, chylous ascites, and chyluria, and her computed tomography scan showed a solid tumor in the pelvis. Surgical biopsy was performed; she was diagnosed as having LAM. We could not control the fluid collection and chyluria using standard medical treatments...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342108/different-lipid-regulation-in-ovarian-cancer-inhibition-of-the-immune-system
#2
Christina Wefers, Tjitske Duiveman-de Boer, Petra L M Zusterzeel, Leon F A G Massuger, David Fuchs, Ruurd Torensma, Craig E Wheelock, I Jolanda M de Vries
Lipid metabolism is altered in several cancer settings leading to different ratios of intermediates. Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological malignancy. Cancer cells disperse in the abdominal space and ascites occurs. T cells obtained from ascites are unable to proliferate after an antigenic stimulus. The proliferation of ascites-derived T cells can be restored after culturing the cells for ten days in normal culture medium. No pathway aberrancies were detected. The acellular fraction of ascites can inhibit the proliferation of autologous as well as allogeneic peripheral blood lymphocytes, indicating the presence of soluble factors that interfere with T cell functionality...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334530/antegrade-arterial-and-portal-flushing-versus-portal-flushing-only-for-right-lobe-live-donor-liver-transplantation-a-randomized-control-trial
#3
Viniyendra Pamecha, Rommel Sandhyav, Piyush Kumar Sinha, Kishore Gurumoorthy Subramanya Bharathy, Shridhar Sasturkar
INTRODUCTION: In live donor liver transplantation (LDLT) portal flush only of the graft is done on the bench. There is no data on antegrade arterial flush along with portal flush of the graft. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing elective right lobe LDLT were block-randomized to receive either portal flush only or both portal and antegrade arterial flush. The primary objectives were safety, rate of early allograft dysfunction (EAD), and impact on vascular and biliary complications RESULTS: After randomization there were 40 patients in each group...
January 12, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333010/sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome-during-treatment-for-wilms-tumor-a-life-threatening-complication
#4
Sidharth Totadri, Amita Trehan, Deepak Bansal, Richa Jain
Context: Survival rates exceed 90% in Wilms' tumor (WT). Actinomycin-D (ACT-D) which is indispensable in the management of WT is associated with the development of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS), a potentially fatal complication. Aims: The aim is to study the presentation, management, and outcome of SOS complicating ACT-D administration in WT. Settings and Design: Retrospective file review conducted in a Pediatric Hematology-Oncology unit...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311408/hepatic-hydrothorax
#5
Yong Lv, Guohong Han, Daiming Fan
Hepatic hydrothorax (HH) is a pleural effusion that develops in a patient with cirrhosis and portal hypertension in the absence of cardiopulmonary disease. Although the development of HH remains incompletely understood, the most acceptable explanation is that the pleural effusion is a result of a direct passage of ascitic fluid into the pleural cavity through a defect in the diaphragm due to the raised abdominal pressure and the negative pressure within the pleural space. Patients with HH can be asymptomatic or present with pulmonary symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough, hypoxemia, or respiratory failure associated with large pleural effusions...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310725/increased-number-of-eosinophils-in-ascites-is-associated-with-intestinal-anisakidosis
#6
K Okumura, T Kubota, A K Lefor, A Saito, K Mizokami
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between eosinophils in ascites and the diagnosis of intestinal anisakidosis in patients with peritoneal signs on physical examination. We reviewed retrospectively 16 patients diagnosed with intestinal anisakidosis, evaluated between 2012 and 2015. All patients had ingested raw anchovies. The analysis of ascites fluid in ten of these patients was compared with that of 15 patients with ascites and other abdominal pathology (except liver cirrhosis). All patients had an increased number of white blood cells in the ascites fluid...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303883/are-third-generation-cephalosporins-still-the-empirical-antibiotic-treatment-of-community-acquired-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Marco Fiore, Ivan Gentile, Alberto E Maraolo, Sebastiano Leone, Vittorio Simeon, Paolo Chiodini, Maria C Pace, Thierry Gustot, Fabio S Taccone
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common complication among cirrhotic patients. Guidelines recommend third-generation cephalosporins (3GCs) as empiric antibiotic therapy (EAT) of SBP. Recently, a broad-spectrum EAT was shown to be more effective than cephalosporins in the treatment of nosocomial spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (N-SBP); however, the prevalence of 3GCs-resistant bacteria is high in the nosocomial setting and broad-spectrum EAT cannot be used in all cases of SBP...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301753/exosomes-associated-with-human-ovarian-tumors-harbor-a-reversible-checkpoint-of-t-cell-responses
#8
Gautam N Shenoy, Jenni L Loyall, Orla Maguire, Vandana Iyer, Raymond J Kelleher, Hans Minderman, Paul K Wallace, Kunle Odunsi, Sathy V Balu-Iyer, Richard B Bankert
Nano-sized membrane-encapsulated extracellular vesicles isolated from the ascites fluids of ovarian cancer patients are identified as exosomes based on their biophysical and compositional characteristics. We report here that T cells pulsed with these tumor-associated exosomes during TCR-dependent activation inhibit various activation endpoints including translocation of NFkB and NFAT into the nucleus, upregulation of CD69 and CD107a, production of cytokines and cell proliferation. Additionally, the activation of virus-specific CD8+ T cells that are stimulated with the cognate viral peptides presented in the context of class I MHC is also suppressed by the exosomes...
January 4, 2018: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290909/influence-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-the-development-of-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis
#9
Suelen A S Miozzo, Jorge A John, Marcelo C Appel-da-Silva, Isabella A Dossin, Cristiane V Tovo, Angelo A Mattos
AIM: To investigate whether the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) increases the incidence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. METHODS: An historical cohort study was carried out in cirrhotic outpatients with ascites followed in a specialized clinic at a tertiary hospital in Southern Brazil. Patient charts were reviewed to collect information on the variables of interest as the use of PPIs. Primary outcome was defined as development of SBP during the study period...
December 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276230/disseminated-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-infection-in-a-patient-with-anti-ifn-%C3%AE-autoantibodies
#10
Masakuni Tanimizu, Kenji Mizuno, Masayuki Hashimoto
We treated a 72-year-old Japanese female with sustained high fever and overall body exhaustion. An infectious liver cyst and right lung pneumonia were suspected causes. Hepatic cystectomy and various antibiotics did not resolve symptoms. Pneumonia exacerbation and ascitic fluid retention, left lumbar spinal osteomyelitis, and peri-gastric lymph node abscess penetrating the stomach were observed. Mycobacterium avium was identified in sputum, ascites, vertebral body abscess puncture specimen, and pus mucus secretion in the stomach...
December 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260286/bowel-ultrasound-for-predicting-surgical-management-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Alain C Cuna, Nidhi Reddy, Amie L Robinson, Sherwin S Chan
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating inflammatory disease of the intestinal tract that represents a significant source of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. Imaging of the abdomen is valuable for timely diagnosis and close monitoring of disease progression in NEC. Bowel ultrasound (US) is increasingly being recognized as an important imaging tool for evaluating NEC that provides additional detail than plain abdominal radiographs. OBJECTIVE: To identify bowel US findings associated with surgical management or death in infants with NEC...
December 19, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259630/abdominopelvic-tuberculosis-secondary-to-a-nontuberculous-mycobacterium-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#12
Beng Kwang Ng, Kembang Aziah Yakob, Wendy Yin Ling Ng, Pei Shan Lim, Rahana Abd Rahman, Abdul Kadir Abdul Karim, Ani Amelia Zainuddin, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy
Tuberculosis (TB) remained as one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide despite an overall decline in its incidence rate globally. Extrapulmonary TB is uncommon and only accounts for 10-20% of overall TB disease burden. Abdominopelvic TB is the sixth most common location of extrapulmonary TB. The symptoms and signs are often insidious and nonspecific. Diagnosing abdominopelvic TB can be very challenging at times and poses great difficulties to the clinician. Infection with nontuberculous Mycobacterium (NTM) is even rarer especially in an immunocompetent patient...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259454/management-of-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-with-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-based-on-intravesical-pressure-measurement
#13
Hiroshi Makino, Tatsuro Furui, Tomomi Shiga, Motoki Takenaka, Keiko Terazawa, Ken-Ichiro Morishige
There are few reports on abdominal compartment syndrome that are caused by ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Here, a case of a 29 year old woman is reported in which intravesical pressure measurement was useful in the management of severe OHSS that had been complicated by abdominal compartment syndrome. The patient's urinary output and general condition did not improve after the initial treatment. The woman's intra-abdominal pressure was evaluated indirectly, based on her intravesical pressure, and was found to be significantly elevated...
January 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259382/efficacy-of-combination-therapy-with-natriuretic-and-aquaretic-drugs-in-cirrhotic-ascites-patients-a-randomized-study
#14
Haruki Uojima, Hisashi Hidaka, Tsuyoshi Nakayama, Ji Hyun Sung, Chikamasa Ichita, Shinnosuke Tokoro, Sakue Masuda, Akiko Sasaki, Kazuya Koizumi, Hideto Egashira, Makoto Kako
AIM: To assess the effects of a combination therapy with natriuretic and aquaretic drugs in cirrhotic ascites patients. METHODS: A two-center, randomized, open-label, prospective study was conducted. Japanese patients who met the criteria were randomized to trial group and the combination diuretic group (received 7.5 mg of tolvaptan) or the conventional diuretic group (received 40 mg of furosemide) for 7 d in addition to the natriuretic drug which was used prior to enrolment in this study...
December 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249858/symptomatic-fluid-drainage-peritoneovenous-shunt-placement
#15
REVIEW
Hooman Yarmohammadi, George I Getrajdman
Ascites causes significant discomfort and has negative impact on patient's quality of life. Medical therapies including dietary restriction and diuretics are successful in only 40 to 44% of patients with malignant ascites and repeated paracentesis only provides temporary symptomatic relief. Therefore, a more permanent solution is necessary. Indwelling catheters or peritoneovenous shunt placement can provide more permanent symptomatic relief and improve patients' quality of life. Unlike indwelling catheters, peritoneovenous shunts do not limit patients' life style and therefore should be offered as first option in patients who are good candidates...
December 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249857/symptomatic-fluid-drainage-tunneled-peritoneal-and-pleural-catheters
#16
REVIEW
Tony Ha, David C Madoff, David Li
Malignant ascites and pleural effusion are significant contributors to patient symptoms such as shortness of breath, abdominal distension, and nausea in the setting of cancer. There are numerous methods employed to control such symptoms such as serial drainages, pleurodesis, and tunneled drainage catheters. Tunneled drainage catheters are a safe, effective, and a minimally invasive procedure to palliate the symptoms of malignant ascites and pleural effusion.
December 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243897/when-should-a-drain-be-left-in-the-abdominal-cavity-upon-surgery
#17
Mikael Laine, Panu Mentula, Laura Koskenvuo, Arno Nordin, Ville Sallinen
Passive or active drainage can be used after abdominal surgery. Drains aim at eradicating infected or inflammatory tissue fluids and to alarm of undesired events such as bile, pancreatic, or bowel leak. Drains may, however, occlude or be situated away from the postoperative dilemma. Furthermore, drains themselves are susceptible to cause or maintain infection by retrograde contamination, may irritate the peritoneum causing excess ascites formation, and cause pain. Recent scientific evidence suggests that drains are unnecessary after most abdominal operations...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240604/potential-significance-of-peptidome-in-human-ovarian-cancer-for-patients-with-ascites
#18
Xiaohao Huang, Juan Zhou, Ranran Tang, Suping Han, Xue Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of the lethal gynecological malignancies. Most women affected by OC with malignant ascites will relapse. Peptidomics, as an emerging branch of proteomics, is more applied in screening of disease biomarkers, diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring. However, there is still little in-depth analysis about peptidomics study in OC with malignant ascites. METHODS: A comparative peptidomic profiling of ascites fluid between 6 OC patients and 6 benign gynecological conditions using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was analyzed...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234200/nutrition-and-muscle-in-cirrhosis
#19
REVIEW
Anil C Anand
As the cirrhosis progresses, development of complication like ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, variceal bleeding, kidney dysfunction, and hepatocellular carcinoma signify increasing risk of short term mortality. Malnutrition and muscle wasting (sarcopenia) is yet other complications that negatively impact survival, quality of life, and response to stressors, such as infection and surgery in patients with cirrhosis. Conventionally, these are not routinely looked for, because nutritional assessment can be a difficult especially if there is associated fluid retention and/or obesity...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234194/an-insight-into-antibiotic-resistance-to-bacterial-infection-in-chronic-liver-disease
#20
Mayank Jain, Joy Varghese, Tom Michael, Chandan Kumar Kedarishetty, Balajee G, Subramanian Swaminathan, Jayanthi Venkataraman
Background: End stage liver disease leads to immune dysfunction which predisposes to infection. There has been a rise in antibiotic resistant infections in these patients. There is scanty data f from India or idea regarding the same. Aim of the study: The present study was undertaken to determine the type of infection acquired and the prevalence of antibiotic resistant infections in cirrhotic patients at a tertiary referral center in South India. Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, all consecutive cirrhotic patients hospitalized between 2011 and 2013 with a microbiologically-documented infection were enrolled...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
keyword
keyword
52403
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"