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serous fluids

Aniruddha More, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar, Ravi Uniyal
BACKGROUND: Acute vision loss in the post-partum period can occur due to many reasons. Eclampsia, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), pituitary apoplexy, and central serous retinopathy are some of the important causes. Cryptococcal meningitis as a cause of acute vision loss in the post-partum period has not been mentioned in literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old female presented to us with acute bilateral complete vision loss in the post-partum period...
October 19, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Alyssa M Krasinskas, Gerard J Oakley, Pelin Bagci, Kee-Taek Jang, Shih-Fan Kuan, Michelle D Reid, Ipek Erbarut, Volkan Adsay
Pancreatic cysts >1 cm lined by nonpapillary mucinous epithelium without ovarian-type stroma pose diagnostic challenges. The term "simple mucinous cyst" was recently proposed for this entity. Our goal was to determine the clinicopathologic characteristics of these cysts, as they have not been previously described. Of the 39 patients with pancreatic resections included in this study, the mean age was 65 years and the female-to-male ratio was 4:1. The characteristics of the cysts are as follows: 82% had elevated cyst fluid carcinoembryonic antigen levels, 67% were unilocular, 69% occurred in the body/tail, 92% did not communicate with pancreatic ducts, the mean size was 2...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Oh Eun Kwon, Sang Hyun Park, Sung Su Kim, Haeng Seon Shim, Min Gyeong Kim, Young Il Kim, Sang Hoon Kim, Seung Geun Yeo
OBJECTIVES: Middle ear effusion has been reported to be associated with immune responses in patients with otitis media with effusion (OME). Although various cytokines are involved in immunologic responses in patients with OME, no study to date has assessed the involvement of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-22. This study analyzed the levels of expression of IL-17 and IL-22 in the middle ear effusion of patients with OME. METHODS: Patients aged <11 years who were diagnosed with chronic OME and underwent ventilation tube insertion from May 2013 to August 2015 were enrolled...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Vanessa Duah, Zhen Huang, Stephanie Val, Christie DeMason, Marain Poley, Diego Preciado
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media (COM) is one of the most common childhood diseases. Its pathophysiology is complex and multifactorial. The role of specific mucin glycoprotein subtypes in OM is only recently being elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between middle ear fluid mucins and clinical variables of patients needing tympanostomy tubes (TT). METHODS: Middle ear effusions (MEE) from children receiving TT were collected over a 2-year period...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Hun-Young Yoon, Byong-Su Min, Sun-Young Kim, Da-Eun Lee, Jung-Hyun Kim
A 3-year-old French bulldog presented for evaluation of recurrent swelling and a fistula on the right cheek after a dog fight. A large volume of serous fluids was identified on the wound immediately after atropine drops. A diagnosis of parotid salivary duct rupture secondary to trauma was made. On surgical exploration, the thickened proximal segment of the severed duct was identified and circumferentially double ligated with 3-0 silk. No evidence of swelling and normal appearance of the parotid salivary gland was identified 4 months postoperative recheck...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Kevin C Dietrich
BACKGROUND: Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is usually a self-limiting condition; however, there is potential for recurrence and permanent visual defects. Aviation demands perfect vision to minimize risk to pilots and aircraft. Consequently, this ailment disqualifies pilots and pilots to be. CASE REPORT: A fully trained fighter pilot with 1260 h in fighter airframes has been contending with central serous chorioretinopathy in the right eye over the course of 3 yr...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Jessica A Rotman, George I Getrajdman, Majid Maybody, Joseph P Erinjeri, Hooman Yarmohammadi, Constantinos T Sofocleous, Stephen B Solomon, F Edward Boas
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine whether larger abdominopelvic abscess drains reduce the time required for abscess resolution or the probability of tube occlusion. METHODS: 144 consecutive patients who underwent abscess drainage at a single institution were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Larger initial drain size did not reduce drainage time, drain occlusion, or drain exchanges (P > .05). Subgroup analysis did not find any type of collection that benefitted from larger drains...
August 17, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Róbert Gergely, Illés Kovács, Miklós Schneider, Miklós Resch, András Papp, Zsuzsanna Récsán, Zoltán Zsolt Nagy, Mónika Ecsedy
PURPOSE: To evaluate the macular thickness, choroidal thickness, and visual acuity changes in eyes of patients with bilateral chronic central serous chorioretinopathy during eplerenone treatment. METHODS: This prospective clinical trial was conducted on patients with bilateral chronic central serous chorioretinopathy, who had subretinal fluid (SRF) in 1 eye. Twenty-eight patients were treated with 50 mg/day of oral eplerenone for 3 months and were observed for another 3 months...
September 13, 2016: Retina
Lyn A Smith, Colin J McKay
The widespread use of cross-sectional imaging has led to an increased frequency of incidentally detected pancreatic cysts. Neoplastic cysts such as mucinous lesions and solid pseudo-papillary neoplasms have malignant potential and therefore the early detection of these lesions presents an opportunity for prevention or early detection and management of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Serous neoplastic lesions and non-neoplastic pancreatic cysts such as pseudocysts or walled off pancreatic necrosis and are not associated with malignant potential...
December 2016: Minerva Medica
Hsuan-Shun Huang, Che-Fang Hsu, Sung-Chao Chu, Pao-Chu Chen, Dah-Ching Ding, Meng-Ya Chang, Tang-Yuan Chu
Fallopian tube fimbrial epithelium is considered the major origin of ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma, with p53 loss being the earliest and universal change. We previously reported that reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the ovulatory follicular fluids (FFs) are mutagenic and cytotoxic to fimbrial epithelial cells that bathe in the peritoneal fluid mixed with FFs. Here, we observed that ferryl haemoglobin (Hb), which was abundantly present in ovulatory FFs and pelvic peritoneal fluids, could rescue p53-deficient immortalized fimbrial epithelial (FE25) cells and oviduct epithelial cells from Trp53-null mice from lethal ovulatory ROS stress...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Pathology
Amir R Hajrasouliha, Heather E Moss, Pejman J Maralani, Lawrence Kaufman, Michael A Grassi
PURPOSE: To present a case of a patient with XXXXY syndrome, anomalous optic nerves, and dural ectasia in conjunction with macular detachment. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 3-year-old boy with XXXXY chromosomal abnormality presented with bilateral maculopathy. On evaluation, he was found to have anomalous optic disks with serous detachment of the left eye. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed bilateral optic nerve dural ectasia without evidence of elevated intracranial pressure...
September 8, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Murat Kocyigit, Taliye Cakabay, Safiye G Ortekin, Teoman Akcay, Guven Ozkaya, Selin Ustun Bezgin, Melek Yildiz, Mustafa Kemal Adali
OBJECTIVE: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a condition in which fluid is retained in the middle ear cavity, but without otalgia, fever, and other symptoms. The incidence of endocrinological disorders has been increasing, but the association between endocrinological disorders and OME has not yet been determined. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the presence of OME in children diagnosed with an endocrinological disease and their relationship with each other. METHODS: Our study was done with 918 children patients (440 boys, 478 girls; mean age: 8...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Raphael Suy, Sarah Thomis, Inge Fourneau
Around 1650, the thoracic chyle duct and the serous lymph vessels were discovered nearly simultaneously in four different places on the European continent. The new theory was that all ingested fluid, digested food, and serous lymph liquid were drained towards the subclavian veins, and then to the heart where they was mixed with and transformed into blood, which had been the supposed function of the liver. None of the discoverers proposed a valuable alternative function for the liver. Bile formation and filtration of serum from the blood to carry it through lymph vessels to the chyle sac (cysterna chyli) were the only remaining possible liver functions...
September 8, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Gabriel Luna, Geoffrey P Lewis, Kenneth A Linberg, Bo Chang, Quiri Hu, Peter J Munson, Arvydas Maminishkis, Sheldon S Miller, Steven K Fisher
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the rpea1 mouse whose retina spontaneously detaches from the underlying RPE as a potential model for studying the cellular effects of serous retinal detachment (SRD). METHODS: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed immediately prior to euthanasia; retinal tissue was subsequently prepared for Western blotting, microarray analysis, immunocytochemistry, and light and electron microscopy (LM, EM). RESULTS: By postnatal day (P) 30, OCT, LM, and EM revealed the presence of small shallow detachments that increased in number and size over time...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Emin Özmert, Sibel Demirel, Özge Yanık, Figen Batıoğlu
Purpose. To compare the efficacy and safety of subthreshold micropulse yellow wavelength laser (SMYL) and low-fluence photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Methods. Thirty-three eyes of 30 patients with chronic CSC received either PDT (18 eyes) or SMYL (15 eyes) therapy. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), subretinal fluid (SRF) height, and central macular thickness (CMT) were evaluated at the baseline visit and one, three, six, nine, and 12 months after the therapy...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Vinodh Pillai, David M Dorfman
Many epithelial neoplasms can be analyzed by flow cytometry (FC), particularly from serous cavity effusion samples, using EpCAM, a cell adhesion molecule expressed on most normal epithelial cells and expressed at a higher level in most epithelial neoplasms. A simple 3-color flow cytometric panel can provide a high sensitivity and specificity compared to cytomorphology. FC provides more rapid immunophenotyping than conventional immunohistochemical staining, can identify rare malignant cells that could be missed by a cytological exam alone, and can be utilized to evaluate limited samples such as cerebrospinal fluid or fine-needle aspiration samples...
2016: Acta Cytologica
Daniel Su, Shawn Lin, Nopasak Phasukkijwatana, Xuejing Chen, Anna Tan, K Bailey Freund, David Sarraf
PURPOSE: To comprehensively investigate spectral domain optical coherence tomography features associated with Type 3 neovascularization and determine the prevalence of each feature and to develop an updated staging system for Type 3 neovascularization based on spectral domain optical coherence tomography findings. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed 34 eyes with new-onset Type 3 neovascularization. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography images at onset of Type 3 neovascularization, immediately after the first injection, and at the final quiescent visit were analyzed for the presence of specific optical coherence tomography features...
August 29, 2016: Retina
Jesse J Jung, Michael H Chen, Soraya Rofagha, Scott S Lee
PURPOSE: To report the multimodal imaging findings and follow-up of a case of graft-versus-host disease-induced bilateral panuveitis and serous retinal detachments after allogenic bone marrow transplant for acute myeloid leukemia. METHODS: A 75-year-old black man presented with acute decreased vision in both eyes for 1 week. Clinical examination and multimodal imaging, including spectral domain optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, and swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (Investigational Device; Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc) were performed...
August 26, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Federico Corvi, Vittorio Capuano, Lucia Benatti, Francesco Bandello, Eric Souied, Giuseppe Querques
PURPOSE: Chorioretinal folds are undulations that anatomically include the inner choroid, Bruch's membrane, and the retinal pigment epithelium, and secondarily affect the overlying neurosensory retina. We analyzed clinical data and management of six patients diagnosed with chorioretinal folds-related maculopathy with atypical presentations. CASE REPORT: The mean age of the six patients (five women) was 77 years. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) ranged between 20/200 and 20/80...
October 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Hendra Koncoro, I Komang W D Putra, I Dewa N Wibawa
Macrocystic serous cystadenoma is an unusual and essentially benign pancreatic tumor. Herein, we report on a 40-year-old woman diagnosed with macrocystic serous cystadenoma who presented with obstructive jaundice. A cystic lesion in the head and body of the pancreas was revealed by abdominal computed tomography. Intraoperative pancreatic cyst aspiration ruled out mucinous cystic neoplasm which has a malignant potential. The pancreatic cyst fluid cytology was basophilic amorph materials concluded as benign cystic lesion...
April 2016: Acta Medica Indonesiana
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