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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352578/a-physiotherapist-led-exercise-and-education-program-for-preventing-recurrence-of-low-back-pain-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial
#1
Matthew L Stevens, Chung-Wei C Lin, Mark J Hancock, Trish Wisby-Roth, Jane Latimer, Chris G Maher
BACKGROUND: Before beginning a large and complex trial it is considered good practice to run a pilot study to assess the feasibility and acceptability so that quality is maintained and resources are not wasted. OBJECTIVE: To assesses the feasibility and acceptability of procedures for TOPS: Trial Of Prevention Strategies for low back pain. DESIGN: Randomised controlled pilot trial. METHODS: This is a trial of an 8 week, physiotherapist-led group exercise and education program for preventing recurrence of low back pain (LBP) in those recently recovered from LBP...
September 1, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351756/disability-due-to-knee-pain-and-somatising-tendency-in-japanese-adults
#2
Tomoko Fujii, Hiroyuki Oka, Junji Katsuhira, Juichi Tonosu, Satoshi Kasahara, Sakae Tanaka, Ko Matsudaira
BACKGROUND: Knee pain is common and related to knee osteoarthritis. However, there is a discrepancy between knee pain and radiographic osteoarthritis. In the general population, knee pain is associated with psychological and cognitive factors, which would be one explanation for the discrepancy. Limited evidence demonstrates that somatization is associated with knee pain. This study examined the association between disability due to knee pain and a high somatising tendency. METHODS: Japanese adults (aged 20-64 years) who had experienced knee pain in the past four weeks were included in this study (n = 14,695, 50% women)...
January 19, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350556/rehabilitation-of-a-young-athlete-with-extension-based-low-back-pain-addressing-motor-control-impairments-and-central-sensitization
#3
John J Winslow, Mark Jackson, Andrew Getzin, Michael Costello
OBJECTIVE:   To describe the conservative management of a young athlete with extension-based (EB) low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND:   We present the case of a 15-year-old female high school gymnast with a 4-year history of EB LBP. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a healed spondylolysis and significant lumbar multifidi muscle (LMM) atrophy with fatty infiltrate. She had several courses of outpatient orthopaedic rehabilitation that focused on core muscle strengthening (improving activation and strength of the LMM and transversus abdominus muscle in a neutral pelvic position) without long-lasting improvement...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334992/the-efficacy-of-a-multimodal-physical-activity-intervention-with-supervised-exercises-health-coaching-and-an-activity-monitor-on-physical-activity-levels-of-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-physical-activity-for-back-pain-payback-trial-study
#4
Crystian B Oliveira, Márcia R Franco, Chris G Maher, Anne Tiedemann, Fernanda G Silva, Tatiana M Damato, Michael K Nicholas, Diego G D Christofaro, Rafael Z Pinto
BACKGROUND: Physical activity plays an important role in the management of chronic low back pain (LBP). Engaging in an active lifestyle is associated with a better prognosis. Nevertheless, there is evidence to suggest that patients with chronic LBP are less likely to meet recommended physical activity levels. Furthermore, while exercise therapy has been endorsed by recent clinical practice guidelines, evidence from systematic reviews suggests that its effect on pain and disability are at best moderate and not sustained over time...
January 15, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332746/is-pilates-an-effective-rehabilitation-tool-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Keira Byrnes, Ping-Jung Wu, Stephney Whillier
BACKGROUND: Pilates is a system of exercise focusing upon controlled movement, stretching and breathing. Pilates is popular today not only for physical fitness but also for rehabilitation programs. This paper is a review of the literature on the effectiveness of Pilates as a rehabilitation tool in a wide range of conditions in an adult population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was carried out according to the PRISMA guidelines. Electronic databases were searched for cohort studies or randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327605/does-change-in-isolated-lumbar-extensor-muscle-function-correlate-with-good-clinical-outcome-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-on-change-in-isolated-lumbar-extension-strength-pain-and-disability-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#6
James Steele, James Fisher, Craig Perrin, Rebecca Conway, Stewart Bruce-Low, Dave Smith
PURPOSE: Secondary analysis of data from studies utilising isolated lumbar extension exercise interventions for correlations among changes in isolated lumbar extension strength, pain, and disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies reporting isolated lumbar extension strength changes were examined for inclusion criteria including: (1) participants with chronic low back pain, (2) intervention ≥ four weeks including isolated lumbar extension exercise, (3) outcome measures including isolated lumbar extension strength, pain (Visual Analogue Scale), and disability (Oswestry Disability Index)...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321099/non-specific-low-back-pain
#7
Jean-François Chenot, Bernhard Greitemann, Bernd Kladny, Frank Petzke, Michael Pfingsten, Susanne Gabriele Schorr
BACKGROUND: For many years, low back pain has been both the leading cause of days lost from work and the leading indication for medical rehabilitation. The goal of the German Disease Management Guideline (NDMG) on nonspecific low back pain is to improve the treatment of patients with this condition. METHODS: The current update of the NDMG on non-specific low back pain is based on articles retrieved by a systematic search of the literature for systematic reviews...
December 25, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299090/correction-of-grade-2-spondylolisthesis-following-a-non-surgical-structural-spinal-rehabilitation-protocol-using-lumbar-traction-a-case-study-and-selective-review-of-literature
#8
Curtis Fedorchuk, Douglas F Lightstone, Christi McRae, Derek Kaczor
Objective: Discuss the use of non-surgical spinal rehabilitation protocol in the case of a 69-year-old female with a grade 2 spondylolisthesis. A selective literature review and discussion are provided. Clinical Features: A 69-year-old female presented with moderate low back pain (7/10 pain) and severe leg cramping (7/10 pain). Initial lateral lumbar x-ray revealed a grade 2 spondylolisthesis at L4-L5 measuring 13.3 mm. Interventions and Outcomes: The patient completed 60 sessions of Mirror Image® spinal exercises, adjustments, and traction over 45 weeks...
May 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284521/exercise-intervention-for-unilateral-amputees-with-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Joseph G Wasser, Daniel C Herman, MaryBeth Horodyski, Jason L Zaremski, Brady Tripp, Phillip Page, Kevin R Vincent, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Atraumatic lower limb amputation is a life-changing event for approximately 185,000 persons in the United States each year. A unilateral amputation is associated with rapid changes to the musculoskeletal system including leg and back muscle atrophy, strength loss, gait asymmetries, differential mechanical joint loading and leg length discrepancies. Even with high-quality medical care and prostheses, amputees still develop secondary musculoskeletal conditions such as chronic low back pain (LBP)...
December 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278872/long-term-effects-of-exercise-programs-among-helicopter-pilots-with-flying-related-lbp
#10
Knut Andersen, Roald Baardsen, Ingvild Dalen, Jan Petter Larsen
BACKGROUND: Flying related transient Low Back Pain (LBP) among helicopter pilots is considered an occupational distress. OBJECTIVE: To examine if exercise programs can alleviate transient LBP. METHODS: Sixty-five helicopter pilots (92% males), all reporting flying related LBP, responded to an epidemiological survey and a long-term follow-up, 44.8 months later, comprising questions regarding transient LBP and number of sick leaves. Data from 37 pilots participating in two exercise programs, A; general for LBP, B; focused for lumbar trunk (LT), included information from clinical examinations and muscular endurance tests of the LT before and after intervention...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278870/the-effect-of-stabilization-exercises-on-diaphragm-muscle-thickness-and-movement-in-women-with-low-back-pain
#11
Esra Dülger, Sevil Bilgin, Elif Bulut, Deniz İnal İnce, Nezire Köse, Ceyhun Türkmen, Hatice Çetin, Jale Karakaya
BACKGROUND: Diaphragm is an important component of spinal stability. In presence of low back pain, there may be some alterations in this muscle like other muscles that are responsible for lumbal stabilization. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the effects of stabilization exercises on diaphragm muscle thickness and motion along with lumbopelvic stability. METHODS: Twenty-one women with low back pain participated in the study. Stabilization exercises including motor control training were performed on treatment group (n= 11)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276466/rehabilitative-principles-in-the-management-of-thoracolumbar-syndrome-a-case-report
#12
Mathew E DiMond
Objective: The purpose of this case report was to describe the chiropractic management of thoracolumbar syndrome using multimodal therapies. Clinical Features: A 33-year-old woman with 3 weeks of back pain presented to a chiropractic clinic. Nerve tension tests and local tenderness were present in a pattern described by Maigne, and she was diagnosed with thoracolumbar syndrome (Maigne syndrome) at her initial visit. Intervention and Outcomes: The Oswestry Disability Index for low back pain (62%), STarT low back screen tool for clinical outcomes (6 points total, with a 2-point subscale), numeric pain rating scale (6/10 constant, 10/10 with provocation), and test-retest exercise audits were outcome measures...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276462/chiropractic-care-in-the-management-of-inactive-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-series
#13
Stacey M Cornelson, David Beavers, Allison Harvey, William Hogarth, Norman W Kettner
Objective: This report describes chiropractic management for 3 cases of inactive ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Clinical Features: A 25-year-old woman presented with chronic, mechanical neck pain and stiffness that was ultimately diagnosed as AS. A 23-year-old man presented with chronic low back and left hip pain that was diagnosed as AS. A 31-year-old man with low back pain presented with a known diagnosis of AS. Physical examination in 2 cases failed to identify systemic findings associated with AS...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248397/comparison-of-low-back-mobility-and-stability-exercises-from-pilates-in-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Iã Ferreira Miranda, Catiane Souza, Alexandre Tavares Schneider, Leandro Campos Chagas, Jefferson Fagundes Loss
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence in the literature about the effectiveness of the Pilates methods in the low back pain. Moreover, Pilates focus on exercises that empathizes the stability and/or mobility of the spine. Therefore, it is discussed in the literature whether higher levels of stability or mobility of the lumbar spine generates better results, both in performance and rehabilitation for low back pain. OBJECTIVES: Compare the effects of the low back mobility and stability exercises from Pilates Method on low back pain, disability and movement functionality in individuals with non-specific chronic low back pain...
December 8, 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244841/individual-preferences-for-physical-exercise-as-secondary-prevention-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#15
Emmanuel Aboagye, Jan Hagberg, Iben Axén, Lydia Kwak, Malin Lohela-Karlsson, Eva Skillgate, Gunilla Dahlgren, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise is effective in improving non-specific low back pain (LBP). Certain components of physical exercise, such as the type, intensity and frequency of exercise, are likely to influence participation among working adults with non-specific LBP, but the value and relative importance of these components remain unknown. The study's aim was to examine such specific components and their influence on individual preferences for exercise for secondary prevention of non-specific LBP among working adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241047/knee-misalignment-and-exercise-amount-predictive-value-for-chronic-low-back-pain-in-young-competitive-athletes
#16
Andreas Rosenhagen, Daniel Niederer, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
Sports medical examinations of juvenile athletes provide an opportunity for preventive measures against sports-related diseases. Determining the leg axis deviation as a risk factor for future constraints may offer approaches for such measures. Data were obtained from 789 youth athletes: 166 with coronal plane knee misalignment and 623 without. After a seven-year period, 64 participants (m: 33, f: 31) from both groups were reassessed for the incidence of nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP). To distinguish participants with increased risk for CLBP, contingency tables for comparison of expected and joint frequency distribution testing and receivers operating characteristic (ROC) analyses for the weekly training time were conducted...
December 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238262/effect-of-upper-extremity-strengthening-exercises-on-the-lumbar-strength-disability-and-pain-of-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Erdem Atalay, Bedrettin Akova, Hakan Gür, Ufuk Sekir
The present study aimed to analyze the impacts of a low back rehabilitation program accompanied with neck, shoulder and upper back exercises on pain, disability, and physical characteristics of patients with chronic low back pain. Twenty sedentary male patients with chronic low back pain participated in the study on a voluntary basis. The patients were randomly allocated into two groups: a conventional low back exercise group (CE) and a supported exercise group (SE; CE plus upper back, neck, and shoulder exercises)...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234556/transversus-abdominis-activation-and-timing-improves-following-core-stability-training-a-randomized-trial
#18
Noelle M Selkow, Molly R Eck, Stephen Rivas
Background: Patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) often present with a decrease in transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle activation and delayed onset of contraction with extremity movements, potentially contributing to recurrent LBP. Core stability is required for extremity movement and if the timing of when the TrA contracts is not corrected patients may continue to experience LBP. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a four-week core stability rehabilitation program on TrA activation ratio and when the TrA initiates contraction during upper extremity movements in subjects with and without LBP...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231159/facet-joint-injections-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-rct
#19
Saowarat Snidvongs, Rod S Taylor, Alia Ahmad, Simon Thomson, Manohar Sharma, Angela Farr, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Stephanie Poulton, Vivek Mehta, Richard Langford
BACKGROUND: Pain of lumbar facet-joint origin is a common cause of low back pain in adults and may lead to chronic pain and disability, with associated health and socioeconomic implications. The socioeconomic burden includes an inability to return to work resulting in loss of productivity in addition to direct and indirect health-care utilisation costs. Lumbar facet-joints are paired synovial joints between the superior and inferior articular processes of consecutive lumbar vertebrae and between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230905/muscle-control-and-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain
#20
REVIEW
Marc Russo, Kristiaan Deckers, Sam Eldabe, Kyle Kiesel, Chris Gilligan, John Vieceli, Peter Crosby
OBJECTIVES: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is the most prevalent of the painful musculoskeletal conditions. CLBP is a heterogeneous condition with many causes and diagnoses, but there are few established therapies with strong evidence of effectiveness (or cost effectiveness). CLBP for which it is not possible to identify any specific cause is often referred to as non-specific chronic LBP (NSCLBP). One type of NSCLBP is continuing and recurrent primarily nociceptive CLBP due to vertebral joint overload subsequent to functional instability of the lumbar spine...
December 12, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
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