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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428574/the-oral-health-of-individuals-with-dental-phobia-a-multivariate-analysis-of-the-adult-dental-health-survey-2009
#1
E Heidari, M Andiappan, A Banerjee, J T Newton
Background Adults with dental phobia have been reported to have poorer oral health and oral health-related quality of life. The aim of this study is to explore the social and demographic correlates of oral health and oral health-related quality of life (OH-QoL) of people with dental phobia compared to the non-phobic population in the United Kingdom using the data from Adult Dental Health Survey (ADHS, 2009).Method Secondary analysis of data from the ADHS, 2009. A series of logistic regression analyses was performed with outcome measures of: presence of decayed teeth; presence of missing teeth; pulp exposure ulceration fistula abscess (PUFA) score; periodontal health indices (plaque, bleeding and loss of attachments); and quality of life (oral health impact profile [OHIP14] and oral impacts on daily performance [OIDP])...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425972/the-impact-of-hyposalivation-on-quality-of-life-qol-and-oral-health-in-the-aging-population-of-al-madinah-al-munawarrah
#2
Mohammad S Ahmad, Ahmed Bhayat, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Khalid H Al-Samadani
Hyposalivation (HS) affects aging individuals by causing pain and discomfort in the oral cavity. The aim here was to determine the impact of hyposalivation and the saliva pH on the quality of life and caries status of geriatrics population. A total of 138 male outpatients attending the Taibah University College of Dentistry (TUCoD) dental clinic were included in the study. The saliva flow, pH, Quality of Life (QoL), and caries status were recorded. The QoL was measured using the Arabic version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), and the caries status was recorded using the Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413597/concurrent-manifestation-of-clinical-hypodontia-and-blindness-a-case-report
#3
Jeremiah Robert Moshy, Karpal Singh Sohal, Mark Chindia
A case is reported of a 26-year-old blind man with hypodontia and multiple apparently underdeveloped impacted teeth. The patient reported that he had progressively developed visual impairment at the age of 11 years whence he became totally blind when he turned 12 years. The aim of this report is to open an academic and professional debate on the challenges of its definitive diagnosis and appropriate intervention.Blindness is not reported in any of the previously described syndromes; therefore, concurrent manifestation of "hypodontia, blindness, failure of eruption and digital lesions" can be proposed as a syndrome...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413596/non-syndromic-multiple-supernumerary-premolars-clinicoradiographic-report-of-five-cases
#4
Renu Tanwar, Vipul Jaitly, Aadya Sharma, Rashmi Heralgi, Munish Ghangas, Ankur Bhagat
Hyperdontia or supernumerary teeth in both arches without any syndromic manifestation are extremely rare. Supernumerary teeth are commonly associated with Gardner's syndrome, cleft lip and palate, cleidocranial dysplasia and trichorhinopha-langeal syndrome. Five cases of non-syndromic multiple premolars of maxillary and mandibular arches in Indian patients are presented here. This case series reports three cases with multiple (9 in maximum), bilaterally impacted and erupted supernumerary teeth and two cases with supernumerary premolars in non-syndromic cases from Indian patients...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409045/odontogenic-cyst-with-verrucous-proliferation-exhibiting-melanin-pigmentation
#5
Nidhi Manaktala, Karen Boaz, Krupa Mehta Soni, Srikant Natarajan, Junaid Ahmed, Keshava Bhat, Nandita Kottieth Pallam, Amitha Juanita Lewis
Verrucous proliferation arising from odontogenic cysts is a rare entity. We report an unusual case of an infected odontogenic cyst with verrucous proliferation and melanin pigmentation in a 13-year-old male patient who presented with an intraoral swelling in relation to impacted teeth 26 and 27. The enucleated lesion was diagnosed as an odontogenic keratocyst and the patient died within two years of presentation due to multiple recurrences. The clinical, radiological, and microscopic features of the lesion are presented with an attempt to discuss the etiopathogenesis...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404475/exploring-the-short-term-impact-of-community-water-fluoridation-cessation-on-children-s-dental-caries-a-natural-experiment-in-alberta-canada
#6
L McLaren, S Patterson, S Thawer, P Faris, D McNeil, M L Potestio, L Shwart
OBJECTIVES: Dental caries (tooth decay) is common and can be serious. Dental caries is preventable, and community water fluoridation is one means of prevention. There is limited current research on the implications of fluoridation cessation for children's dental caries. Our objective was to explore the short-term impact of community water fluoridation cessation on children's dental caries, by examining change in caries experience in population-based samples of schoolchildren in two Canadian cities, one that discontinued community water fluoridation and one that retained it...
February 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403135/evaluation-of-impacting-factors-on-facial-bone-thickness-in-the-anterior-maxillary-region
#7
Amirhossein Farahamnd, Fatemeh Sarlati, Saeedeh Eslami, Marjan Ghassemian, Navid Youssefi, Bahareh Jafarzadeh Esfahani
BACKGROUND: The goal of the current study was to measure the width of the labial alveolar bone of the overlying maxillary anterior teeth, based on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images, and the distance between cementoenamel junction (CEJ) and bone crest in adult patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using a sample of 132 tomographic scans. Intact maxillary anterior with healthy periodontium and teeth was randomly selected and afterwards assessed by 2 calibrated and independent reviewers...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396130/gingival-esthetics-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#8
F Stelzle, M Rohde, N Oetter, K Krug, M Riemann, W Adler, F W Neukam, C Knipfer
While the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is known to be reduced in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP), its inter-dependency with the soft tissue characteristics of the CLP area remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the soft tissue characteristics in the treated cleft area in order to investigate whether gingival esthetics correlate with OHRQoL. Thirty-six patients with unilateral or bilateral CLP (46 cleft areas) were investigated after secondary/tertiary alveolar bone grafting and orthodontic/prosthetic implant treatment using an adapted score to rate gingival esthetics (clinical esthetic score, CES)...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390206/comparative-efficacy-of-a-soft-toothbrush-with-tapered-tip-bristles-to-an-ada-reference-toothbrush-on-gingival-abrasion-over-a-12-week-period
#9
John Gallob, Dolores M Petrone, Luis R Mateo, Patricia Chaknis, Boyce M Morrison, Foti Panagakos, Malcolm Williams
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the impact of a soft toothbrush with tapered-tip (Test Toothbrush) bristles and an ADA reference toothbrush (ADA Toothbrush) on gingival abrasion over a 12-week period. METHODS: This was a randomized, single-center, examiner-blind, two-cell, parallel clinical research study and used the Danser Gingival Abrasion Index to assess the level of gingival abrasion after a single brushing, as well as after six weeks and 12 weeks of twice-daily brushing...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388395/surgical-uprighting-is-a-successful-procedure-for-management-of-impacted-mandibular-second-molars
#10
Bonnie L Padwa, Rushil R Dang, Cory M Resnick
PURPOSE: Impacted mandibular second molars can cause caries and root resorption on adjacent molars and can lengthen orthodontic treatment. Surgical uprighting is one management option. The purposes of this study were to 1) evaluate radiographic outcomes for surgical uprighting of impacted mandibular second molars and 2) propose an etiology for impaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who had surgical uprighting of mandibular second molars and had preoperative and at least 12-month postoperative panoramic images and an age- and gender-matched control group of patients undergoing routine orthodontic treatment...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387184/trauma-in-permanent-teeth-factors-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-in-a-university-pediatric-dental-clinic
#11
Ahmed H Rozi, JoAnna M Scott, Ana Lucia Seminario
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine variables associated with adverse outcomes among traumatized permanent teeth in a university pediatric dental clinic. METHODS: Electronic charts of children treated at a university-based dental clinic for trauma in permanent teeth were analyzed. Variables evaluated included demographics (age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists classification, and insurance type), affected tooth location, trauma characteristics, type of dental trauma, elapsed time between trauma and initial treatment, elapsed time between the initial and final treatment, initial treatment type, and initial and final restoration type...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381733/tooth-auto-transplantation-an-alternative-treatment
#12
Jawaad Ahmed Asif, Tahir Yusuf Noorani, Mohammad Khursheed Alam
Auto-transplantation is the repositioning of an autogenously erupted, partially erupted, or unerupted tooth from one site to another in the same individual. The purpose of this case report is to describe the auto-transplantation of the mandibular third molars as an alternative means of replacing second molars requiring extraction. An orthopantomogram revealed horizontal impaction of teeth #37 and 47 and mesio-angular impaction of teeth #38 and 48. Cone beam computed tomography revealed that the roots of #37 and 47 were in close proximity to the inferior alveolar canal bilaterally...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372293/experimental-quantification-of-the-mechanical-forces-and-moments-applied-on-three-adjacent-orthodontic-brackets
#13
Delphine Wagner, Yves Bolender, Yves Rémond, Daniel George
Orthodontic appliances deliver forces and moments that will determine movement of teeth. To analyze this latter, we developed an experimental setup to measure the mechanical forces applied on the teeth and to calculate, through a simplified theoretical analysis, the reactive forces and corresponding moments onto the brackets of three adjacent teeth. To validate the theoretical and experimental results, we use a simplified clinical situation of a maxillary canine in infraclusion and surrounded by its corresponding upper lateral incisor and first premolar...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371880/the-impact-of-premature-birth-on-the-permanent-tooth-size-of-incisors-and-first-molars
#14
Eman Ebrahim, Liselotte Paulsson
Background: Scientific evidence is insufficient to answer the question of whether premature birth causes altered tooth-crown dimensions. Objective: To evaluate permanent tooth-crown dimensions in prematurely born children and to compare the findings with full-term born controls. Subjects and Methods: Preterm children of 8-10 years of age were selected from the Swedish Medical Birth Register. One group consisted of 36 extremely preterm children (born before the 29th gestational week); the other group included 37 very preterm children (born during gestational weeks 29-32)...
March 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370372/the-social-gradient-in-oral-health-is-there-a-role-for-dental-anxiety
#15
Eduardo Bernabé, Gerry Humphris, Ruth Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of dental anxiety to social gradients in different oral health outcomes and whether social gradients in oral health persist once dental anxiety is removed from the population examined. METHODS: Data from 9035 British adults were analysed. Participants' socioeconomic position (SEP) was measured through education and household income. Dental anxiety was measured with the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale. Poor subjective oral health, oral impacts on quality of life and edentulism among all adults and the number of teeth, the number of decayed, missing and filled surfaces (DMFS) and sextants with pocketing among dentate adults were the oral health outcomes...
March 28, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367890/root-abnormalities-and-nonsurgical-management-of-generalized-aggressive-periodontitis
#16
Da Lü, Huanxin Meng, Li Xu, Xian'e Wang, Li Zhang, Yu Tian
To investigate long-term nonsurgical treatment outcomes in patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) and the impact of root abnormalities (RAs) and other patient-level factors in relation to GAgP progression. Patients (n = 64) from a GAgP cohort who completed active nonsurgical periodontal treatment and consented to re-evaluation after 3 to 11 (mean 5.3) years, were enrolled. RAs were identified using radiographs. Periodontal parameters (e.g., probing depths [PDs], and tooth loss [TL]) were investigated...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362224/prediction-of-periodontitis-occurrence-influence-of-the-classification-sociodemographic-and-general-health-information
#17
Fábio R M Leite, Karen G Peres, Loc G Do, Flávio F Demarco, Marco A Peres
BACKGROUND: Prediction of periodontitis development is challenging. Use of oral health related data alone, especially in young population might underestimate disease risk. This study investigated the accuracy of oral, systemic and socioeconomic data on estimating periodontitis development in a population-based prospective cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: General health and sociodemographic information were collected throughout the life-course of the individuals. Oral examinations were performed at ages 24 and 31 in the 1982 Pelotas cohort...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359051/postradiation-matrix-metalloproteinase-20-expression-and-its-impact-on-dental-micromorphology-and-radiation-related-caries
#18
Wagner Gomes-Silva, Ana Carolina Prado-Ribeiro, Thaís Bianca Brandão, Karina Morais-Faria, Gilberto de Castro Junior, Milena Perez Mak, Marcio Ajudarte Lopes, Marcelo Marques Rocha, Tuula Salo, Leo Tjäderhane, Mario Fernando de Goes, Alan Roger Santos-Silva
Recent evidence suggests that head-and-neck radiotherapy (HNRT) increases active forms of matrix metalloproteinase-20 (MMP-20) in human tooth crowns, degrading the dentin-enamel junction (DEJ) and leading to enamel delamination, which is a pivotal step in the formation of radiation-related caries (RRC). Additional participation of enzymatic degradation of organic matrix components in caries progression was attributed to MMP-20 in dentin. Therefore, the current study tested the hypothesis that MMP-20 is overexpressed in the DEJ, dentin-pulp complex components, and carious dentin of post-HNRT patients, leading to detectable micromorphological changes to the enamel and dentin...
March 31, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349916/twelve-impacted-supernumerary-teeth-in-a-nonsyndromic-patient-a-rare-case-report
#19
Ghassan M Al-Iryani, Fareedi Mukram Ali
Teeth in excess number than the normal count are called supernumerary teeth. They can be either unilateral or bilateral and single or multiple, found at any place in the dental arch, but most commonly found in the anterior maxillary region. Supernumerary teeth are commonly associated with syndromes when present in more numbers, but can be idiopathic. The present study shows a case report of a 16-year-old female patient who reported with overretained deciduous teeth. A panoramic radiograph showed multiple impacted supernumerary teeth...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343833/-consequences-of-impacted-wisdom-teeth-extraction-on-the-periodontal-environment-of-second-molars-a-pilot-study
#20
R Martin, A Louvrier, E Weber, B Chatelain, C Meyer
INTRODUCTION: Wisdom teeth extraction is a common procedure, generally considered as safe by patients. However, complications are possible, especially periodontal ones. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency and the consequences of periodontal complications at the level the 2nd molars after extraction of the wisdom teeth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective observational multi-operator study was conducted at the university hospital of Besançon - France...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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