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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769514/cleidocranial-dysplasia-presentation-of-clinical-and-radiological-features-of-a-rare-syndromic-entity
#1
R Modgil, K S Arora, A Sharma, S Mohapatra, S Pareek
Cleidocranial dysplasia is a developmental anomaly of the skeleton and the teeth. This condition may be inherited and be transmitted as dominant characteristics in either gender, or may appear spontaneously. It presents with skeletal defects of several bones, such as partial or complete absence of clavicles, late closure of the fontanels, presence of open skull sutures and multiple wormian bones. The dental manifestations are mainly delayed exfoliation of primary teeth and delayed eruption of permanent teeth with multiple impacted supernumerary teeth...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766564/personal-oral-hygiene-and-dental-caries-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#2
Philippe Pierre Hujoel, Margaux Louise A Hujoel, Georgios A Kotsakis
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of randomised trials assessing the association between personal oral hygiene and dental caries in the absence of the confounding effects of fluoride. BACKGROUND: Dental caries continues to affect close to 100% of the global population. There is a century-old conflict on whether dental caries is caused by poor oral hygiene or poorly formed teeth (ie, teeth with dental defects). Resolving this conflict is of significant public health importance as these two hypotheses on dental caries aetiology can lead to different prevention strategies...
May 15, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765898/periodontal-healing-following-non-surgical-repair-of-an-old-perforation-with-pocket-formation-and-oral-communication
#3
Saeed Asgary, Prashant Verma, Ali Nosrat
Iatrogenic perforations negatively impact the outcome of endodontic treatments. Studies on prognostic factors showed that perforations in the coronal third of the root with periodontal pocket formation have an unfavorable prognosis. A 36-year-old female was referred for endodontic evaluation of tooth #13 with a history of an iatrogenic perforation, happened 3 years ago. There was a sinus tract associated with perforation, 10 mm probing on the mesial and mesio-palatal, bleeding on probing, radiolucent lesion adjacent to the perforation and complete resorption of the interdental bone between teeth #13 and #12...
May 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761342/impact-of-oral-hygiene-and-socio-demographic-factors-on-dental-caries-in-a-suburban-population-in-nigeria
#4
T A Oyedele, A D Fadeju, Y I Adeyemo, C L Nzomiwu, A M Ladeji
AIM: This was to determine dental caries determinants in the study participants. METHODOLOGY: This was a secondary data study extracted from primary data through a school-based study that recruited students from primary and secondary schools in a suburban population in Nigeria. The variables included age, gender, socio-economic status, oral hygiene status, type of parenting, birth rank, family size and presence of dental caries. The diagnosis of dental caries was based on the World Health Oral Health Survey recommendations while oral hygiene was determined using simplified-oral hygiene index (OHI-S)...
May 14, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750092/incidence-severity-and-orthodontic-treatment-difficulty-index-of-impacted-canines-in-saudi-population
#5
Maged-Sultan Alhammadi, Hanan-Ahmed Asiri, Abeer-Abdulkarem Almashraqi
Background: The objective of this study was to assess the incidence, severity and orthodontic treatment difficulty of impacted maxillary canines in Saudi population. Material and Methods: This retrospective study included an investigation of panoramic radiographs for patients attended College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia. The incidence of canine impaction and orthodontic treatment difficulty index of maxillary canine impaction was assessed based on; (1) patient age, (2) vertical position, (3) buccolingual position, (4) horizontal position, (5) incisors alignment, (6) canine space, (7) midline coincidence, (8) rotation of impacted tooth...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747165/bones-heal-teeth-don-t-the-involvement-of-dentists-in-the-acute-and-long-term-management-of-patients-injured-in-the-manchester-arena-bomb
#6
L Timms, J May
This paper outlines the involvement of dentists in the treatment of patients following the terror attack at Manchester Arena on 22 May 2017. It predominantly describes the role of the authors - a paediatric dental consultant and maxillofacial surgery dental core trainee (DCT). As a result of the incident a number of patients suffered oro-facial injuries, with many treated at Central Manchester Foundation Trust Hospitals' Manchester Royal Infirmary and Royal Manchester Children's Hospital. The major incident response of the trust is discussed, as are the presentation of blast injuries and corresponding NHS guidance...
May 11, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742251/evaluation-of-cases-of-concussion-and-subluxation-in-the-permanent-dentition-a-retrospective-study
#7
Denise Pedrini, Sônia Regina Panzarini, Adelisa Rodolfo Ferreira Tiveron, Valéria Marisel de Abreu, Celso Koogi Sonoda, Wilson Roberto Poi, Daniela Atili Brandini
Objectives This study evaluated the evolution of cases of concussion and subluxation through a retrospective study of 20 years. Material and Methods Were examined clinical and radiographic records of 1,309 patients who underwent treatment of dentoalveolar trauma in the discipline of Integrated Clinic of the School of Dentistry of Araçatuba, UNESP, of which we selected 137 whose patients had concussion and subluxation injuries, with average age of 23.3 (SD - 10.96). The variables collected were: gender, age, history of previous and actual trauma, treatments performed, the presence of necrotic pulp, and time elapsed until the same trauma...
2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736495/malocclusion-in-brazilian-schoolchildren-high-prevalence-and-low-impact
#8
Eliane Traebert, Luiz Gustavo Teixeira Martins, Keila Cristina Raush Pereira, Simone Xavier Silva Costa, Sandra Espíndola Lunardelli, Abelardo Nunes Lunardelli, Jefferson Traebert
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence and severity of malocclusion and test a possible association with negative impacts on quality of life of schoolchildren in Tubarão, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a representative sample (n = 389) of schoolchildren. Data on oral health-related quality of life were obtained through the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) scale. The malocclusion indicator was the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729722/dental-and-temporomandibular-joint-pathology-of-the-grey-wolf-canis-lupus
#9
S Döring, B Arzi, J N Winer, P H Kass, F J M Verstraete
Skulls from 392 grey wolves (Canis lupus) were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria. Two hundred and seven skulls were included in this study, comprised of 124 young adults (59.9%) and 83 adults (40.1%); of these, 65 (31.4%) specimens were from male wolves and 104 (50.3%) were from females, with 38 (18.4%) of unknown sex. Out of 8,694 possible teeth, 8,339 (95.9%) were present for evaluation. Fifty-five teeth (15.5%) were absent congenitally, 30 (8.5%) were lost during life and 270 (76...
April 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728547/remineralization-potential-of-three-different-dentifrices-using-raman-spectroscopy-and-confocal-laser-scanning-microscope
#10
Tisson V Job, Girish T Narayana, Kishan K Venkappa, K Binu Nathan, Shameem Ahsan, Jayakkodi Harikaran
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the remineralization potential of three different dentifrices using Raman spectroscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Materials and methods: Totally, 30 extracted intact impacted third molar teeth were selected and the crown of each tooth in a group was separated from the root and longitudinally sectioned into four parts with each section under a subgroup, of which one section was an untreated section, the second and the third sections were demineralized in a demineralizing solution, and the third section was remineralized after demineralization...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726936/association-between-3d-palatal-morphology-and-upper-arch-dimensions-in-buccally-displaced-maxillary-canines-early-in-mixed-dentition
#11
Maria Bizzarro, Chiara Generali, Saverio Maietta, Massimo Martorelli, Martina Ferrillo, Carlos Flores-Mir, Letizia Perillo
Objectives: To evaluate the association between maxillary dental arch transverse dimensions, palatal depths, palatal area and volume with buccally displaced canine (BDC) in mixed dentition subjects when compared to non-BDC subjects using laser scanner 3D technology. Materials and methods: Sixty Caucasian subjects, 8-11 years of age (mean, 9.26 ± 1.48 years), were included. In each group (BDC and non-BDC) 30 children were matched. Digital dental casts were obtained using a 3 Shape D700 laser scanner...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724206/dental-health-between-self-perception-clinical-evaluation-and-body-image-dissatisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study-in-mixed-dentition-pre-pubertal-children
#12
Ancuta Banu, Costela Șerban, Marius Pricop, Horatiu Urechescu, Brigitha Vlaicu
BACKGROUND: Self-perception of oral health status is a multidimensional construct that includes psychological, psychosocial and functional aspects of oral health. Contemporary concepts suggest that the evaluation of health needs should focus on clinical standards and socio-dental indicators that measure the impact of health/disease on the individual quality of life. Oral health cannot be dissociated from general health. This study evaluates a possible association between oral health status, body size, self-perception of oral health, self-perception of body size and dissatisfaction with body image in prepubertal children with mixed dentition, targeting the completion of children's health status assessment which will further allow the identification of individuals at risk and could be further used as an evaluation of the need for specific interventions...
May 3, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723421/oral-rehabilitation-of-the-cancer-patient-a-formidable-challenge
#13
Ivana Petrovic, Evan B Rosen, Evan Matros, Joseph M Huryn, Jatin P Shah
Rehabilitation of oral functions following surgery on the jaws is a goal that is often difficult to achieve. Removable dentures supported by remaining teeth or gum are often unstable and seldom satisfactory. On the other hand, endosseous (dental) implants offer a mechanism to provide stability to the dentures. This review, discusses factors related to the tumor, patient, treatment, and physicians which impact upon the feasibility and success of dental implants in patients with oral cancer.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721221/caries-and-quality-of-life-in-portuguese-adolescents-impact-of-diet-and-behavioural-risk-factors
#14
Javier Montero, José Costa, Isabel Bica, Rocío Barrios
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of diet and behavioural risk factors on caries appearance, and on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Portuguese adolescents. Material and Methods: An epidemiological study conducted on 782 adolescents between 11-17 years, from randomly selected public schools of the 3rd cycle of basic education. All participants were asked for self-perceived general status health, about tooth-brushing habits and about the using of toothpaste with fluoride and a Food Frequency Questionnaire...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720332/standard-and-low-dose-cone-beam-computer-tomography-protocol-for-orthognatodontic-diagnosis-a-comparative-evaluation
#15
M Portelli, A Militi, A Lo Giudice, R Lo Giudice, R Fastuca, I Ielo, V Mongelli, G Lo Giudice, A Martintoni, M Manuelli, A Lucchese, R Nucera
Considering the diagnostic capability offered by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), nowadays orthodontists often use this exam for treatment planning, especially in cases of impacted teeth, maxillary ipoplasia, orthognathic surgery etc. The aim of this study was to compare the radiation doses related to a conventional CBCT setting and that of a low dose protocol, usable in orthodontic practice. The absorbed organ doses were measured using an anthropomorphic phantom loaded with thermo-luminescent dosimeters related to sensitive organs (brain, bone marrow, salivary glands, thyroid, esophagus, oral mucosa, extrathoracic airways, lymph nodes)...
March 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695896/complex-interrelations-between-self-reported-oral-health-attitudes-and-behaviors-the-oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#16
Alexandra Lucia Vigu, Dorin Stanciu, Lucia Maria Lotrean, Radu Septimiu Campian
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a moderated mediation model that was able to describe the relationships between oral health-related attitudes and behaviors, oral health status (OHS), and oral health-related quality of life. The hypothesized relations corresponded to research questions such as "is a person's oral health predicted by the actions that person takes in order to prevent oral health conditions?" and "do individuals with better oral health also have higher levels of oral health-related quality of life?"...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692662/changes-in-the-chemical-composition-of-mineralised-teeth-in-children-after-antineoplastic-treatment
#17
Ewa Krasuska-Sławińska, Bożenna Dembowska-Bagińska, Agnieszka Brożyna, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk, Elżbieta Czarnowska, Agnieszka Sowińska
Introduction: Chemotherapy, neoplasms, and their complications linked to malabsorption, malnutrition, and metabolic disorders may lead to improper tooth development and frequent severe caries in patients during/after antineoplastic treatment and to a more frequent improper tooth development in patients undergoing chemotherapy during odontogenesis. However, the causes of these abnormalities remain unknown; there are no studies on the impact of antineoplastic treatment and its complications on the chemical composition of mineralised teeth...
2018: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682256/identification-of-oral-risk-factors-for-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-in-haematological-patients-who-underwent-allogeneic-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#18
A Picardi, M Miranda, F Liciani, G Paterno, W Arcese, P Bollero
Objective: The aim of this prospective observational study was to identify local risk factors for the development of clinical manifestations of oral chronic Graft versus Host Disease (cGvHD) in a cohort of patients affected by haematological malignant diseases who underwent allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Materials and methods: In the context of an active collaboration between the Rome Transplant Network of the Hematology and the Oral Pathology Division at "Policlinico Tor Vergata", in Rome, 47 haematological patients were included in this trial based on a systematic dental screening and follow-up protocol...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679231/did-malpractice-claims-for-failed-dental-implants-decrease-after-introduction-of-cbct-in-finland
#19
Magdalena Marinescu Gava, Anni Suomalainen, Tapio Vehmas, Irja Ventä
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in preventing failures in implant treatment. We hypothesize that the number of malpractice claims related to dental implant treatment would decrease after the first CBCT device came available in 2002 in Finland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data concerning malpractice claims related to dental implant treatment during the years 1997-2011 were collected from the Finnish Patient Insurance Centre (N = 330 subjects)...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673685/comparison-of-efficacy-of-dental-varnish-containing-fluoride-either-with-cpp-acp-or-bioglass-on-root-caries-ex-vivo-study
#20
A Sleibi, A R Tappuni, Graham R Davis, P Anderson, A Baysan
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of fluoride varnishes either casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) or bioglass particles on the severity index of root caries. METHODS: Visual-tactile assessments including lesion hardness was carried out to categorise the severity index of 80 extracted teeth with primary root caries. These teeth were randomly divided into four groups; CPP-ACP and fluoride, bioglass and fluoride, fluoride only, and no treatment...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
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