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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525941/environmental-contamination-with-staphylococcus-aureus-at-a-large-midwestern-university-campus
#1
Dipendra Thapaliya, Mohammed Taha, Mark R Dalman, Jhalka Kadariya, Tara C Smith
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus can cause minor to severe life-threatening infections. The changing epidemiology of S. aureus is of public health concern due to the emergence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains. Environmental surfaces play a crucial role in the transmission of S. aureus. The objective of this study was to examine environmental contamination and molecular characteristics of S. aureus in health professional-associated (HPA) and non-health professional-associated (NHPA) buildings at a large university...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522992/molecular-characterization-of-community-acquired-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-in-young-children-in-southern-mozambique-2001-2009
#2
Delfino Vubil, Marcelino Garrine, Ulla Ruffing, Sozinho Acácio, Betuel Sigaúque, Pedro L Alonso, Lutz von Müller, Mathias Herrmann, Inácio Mandomando
Background: The emergence of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus infections is increasingly recognized as life threating problem worldwide. In Manhiça district, southern Mozambique, S. aureus is the leading cause of community-acquired bacteremia in neonates. Methods: Eighty-four S. aureus isolates from children less than 5 years admitted to Manhiça District Hospital from 2001 to 2009 were randomly selected and genetically characterized by DNA microarray and spa typing. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by VITEK 2...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521824/are-ankylosing-spondylitis-psoriatic-arthritis-and-undifferentiated-spondyloarthritis-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-a-prospective-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Karin Bengtsson, Helena Forsblad-d'Elia, Elisabeth Lie, Eva Klingberg, Mats Dehlin, Sofia Exarchou, Ulf Lindström, Johan Askling, Lennart T H Jacobsson
BACKGROUND: To investigate the risk of first-time acute coronary syndrome (ACS), stroke and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (uSpA), compared to each other and to the general population (GP). METHODS: This is a prospective nationwide cohort study. Cohorts with AS (n = 6448), PsA (n = 16,063) and uSpA (n = 5190) patients and a GP (n = 266,435) cohort, were identified 2001-2009 in the Swedish National Patient and Population registers...
May 18, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521799/what-are-the-differences-among-occupational-groups-related-to-their-palliative-care-specific-educational-needs-and-intensity-of-interprofessional-collaboration-in-long-term-care-homes
#4
S Kaasalainen, T Sussman, M Bui, N Akhtar-Danesh, R D Laporte, L McCleary, A Wickson Griffiths, K Brazil, D Parker, V Dal Bello-Haas, A Papaioannou, J O'Leary
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the differences across occupational groups related to their end-of-life care-specific educational needs and reported intensity of interprofessional collaboration in long-term care (LTC) homes. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey, based on two questionnaires, was administered at four LTC homes in Ontario, Canada using a modified Dilman's approach. The first questionnaire, End of Life Professional Caregiver Survey, included three domains: patients and family-centered communication, cultural and ethical values, effective care delivery...
May 18, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511725/the-performance-of-different-classification-criteria-sets-for-spondyloarthritis-in-the-worldwide-asas-comospa-study
#5
Pauline Bakker, Anna Moltó, Adrien Etcheto, Filip Van den Bosch, Robert Landewé, Floris van Gaalen, Maxime Dougados, Désirée van der Heijde
BACKGROUND: In this study, we sought to compare the performance of spondyloarthritis (SpA) classification criteria sets in an international SpA cohort with patients included from five continents around the world. METHODS: Data from the (ASAS) COMOrbidities in SPondyloArthritis (ASAS-COMOSPA) study were used. ASAS-COMOSPA is a multinational, cross-sectional study with consecutive patients diagnosed with SpA by rheumatologists worldwide. Patients were classified according to the European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group (ESSG), modified European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group (mESSG), Amor, modified Amor, Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) axial Spondyloarthritis (axSpA), ASAS peripheral spondyloarthritis (pSpA) and ClASsification criteria for Psoriatic Arthritis (CASPAR) criteria...
May 16, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511289/human-enthesis-group-3-innate-lymphoid-cells
#6
Richard J Cuthbert, Evangelos M Fragkakis, Robert Dunsmuir, Zhi Li, Mark Coles, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Peter Giannoudis, Elena Jones, Yasser M El-Sherbiny, Dennis McGonagle
Objective Group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s) play a pivotal role in barrier tissues such as the gut and the skin, two important sites of disease in spondyloarthropathy (SpA). It was investigated whether normal and injured human enthesis, the key target tissue in early SpA, harboured ILC3s in entheseal soft tissue (EST) and adjacent peri-entheseal bone (PEB). Methods Interspinous ligament and spinous process bone was collected from donors with no systemic inflammatory disease, enzymatically digested and immunophenotyped...
May 16, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511110/determination-of-regional-relationships-among-salmonella-spp-isolated-from-retail-pork-circulating-in-the-chiang-mai-municipality-area-using-a-wgs-data-approach
#7
Prapas Patchanee, Thanaporn Eiamsam-Ang, Juntakarn Vanaseang, Phacharaporn Boonkhot, Pakpoom Tadee
Salmonella is recognized as a significant zoonotic foodborne pathogen, and pork products are involved in one-fifth of infections. Whole genome sequencing data of Salmonella isolated from retail's pork circulating in the Chiang Mai Municipality area between April 2013 and September 2014, were used to focus on genetic diversity and proven in pig-human transmission based on Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST). Additionally, WGS data were used to investigate virulence genes, to assess the hazard or pathogenic potential transferred into the food production chain...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509842/molecular-epidemiology-of-methicillin-resistant-and-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-in-the-ovine-dairy-chain-and-in-farm-related-humans
#8
Guerrino Macori, Giuseppina Giacinti, Alberto Bellio, Silvia Gallina, Daniela Manila Bianchi, Daniele Sagrafoli, Nicla Marri, Gilberto Giangolini, Simonetta Amatiste, Lucia Decastelli
Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of clinical infections in humans and its enterotoxins cause foodborne disease. In the present study, we tested a total of 51 isolates of S. aureus from small-ruminant dairy farms with artisan dairy facilities, all located in Latium, Italy. The farms have a known history of a high prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Most of the MRSA isolates (27 of 51) belonged to spa-type t127 (43.1%), followed by t2678 (3.9%), t044 (2%), t1166 (2%), and t1773 (2%). PFGE performed on mecA positive strains identified one cluster (≥ 80% of similarity), comprising 22 MRSA...
May 16, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508924/intractable-epistaxis-which-arteries-are-responsible-an-angiographic-study
#9
Guillaume de Bonnecaze, Y Gallois, P Chaynes, F Bonneville, A Dupret-Bories, E Chantalat, E Serrano
PURPOSE: Epistaxis constitutes a significant proportion of the Otolaryngologist's emergency workload. Optimal management differs in relation to the anatomic origin of the bleeding. The outcome of our study was to determine which artery(ies) could be considered as the cause of severe bleeding in the context of severe epistaxis. METHODS: Fifty-five procedures of embolization preceded by angiography were reviewed. Medical records of interventionally treated patients were analysed for demographics, medical history, risk factors and clinical data...
May 16, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507105/reduced-vancomycin-susceptibility-of-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-no-significant-impact-on-mortality-but-increase-in-complicated-infection
#10
Sean B Sullivan, Eloise D Austin, Stephania Stump, Barun Mathema, Susan Whittier, Franklin D Lowy, Anne-Catrin Uhlemann
Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bloodstream infections (BSIs) often lead to severe complications despite the availability of effective antibiotics. It remains unclear whether elevated vancomycin MICs are associated with worse outcomes.We conducted a 2-year retrospective cohort study (n=252) of patients with MSSA BSIs at a tertiary care hospital. We defined reduced vancomycin susceptibility (RVS) as a Microscan MIC of 2 mg/L. All strains were genotyped (spa) and assessed for agr functionality...
May 15, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506332/correspondence-analysis-to-evaluate-the-transmission-of-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-in-two-new-york-state-maximum-security-prisons
#11
M Befus, D V Mukherjee, C T A Herzig, F D Lowy, E Larson
Prisons/jails are thought to amplify the transmission of Staphylococcus aureus (SA) particularly methicillin-resistant SA infection and colonisation. Two independently pooled cross-sectional samples of detainees being admitted or discharged from two New York State maximum-security prisons were used to explore this concept. Private interviews of participants were conducted, during which the anterior nares and oropharynx were sampled and assessed for SA colonisation. Log-binomial regression and correspondence analysis (CA) were used to evaluate the prevalence of colonisation at entry as compared with discharge...
May 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504093/genetic-characterization-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-nasal-samples-of-healthy-ewes-in-tunisia-high-prevalence-of-cc130-and-cc522-lineages
#12
Meriam Ben Said, Mohamed Salah Abbassi, Paula Gómez, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Senda Sghaier, Oussama El Fekih, Abdennaceur Hassen, Carmen Torres
Staphylococcus aureus is a versatile bacterium, which can infect or colonize a variety of host species. The objective of this study was to characterize S. aureus isolates recovered from nasal swabs of 167 healthy ewes sampled from 12 farms in different areas of Tunisia during the period of 2014-2015. Genetic lineages, virulence factors and antibiotic resistance mechanisms were determined for recovered isolates. S. aureus was detected in 45 out of 167 tested samples (26.9%). All isolates were methicillin-susceptible (MSSA) and the majority of them were susceptible to tested antibiotics with few exceptions (% of resistance): penicillin (8...
April 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500875/upper-airway-changes-after-mandibular-setback-and-or-advancement-genioplasty-in-obese-patients
#13
Wen Du, Dongming He, Yiyao Wang, Hanghang Liu, Chuhang Liao, Wei Fei, En Luo
PURPOSE: Orthognathic surgeries, such as bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSO) and genioplasty, can influence the pharyngeal airway space (PAS) and this has been supported by previous studies. The purpose of this study was to assess changes of the PAS in patients with a high body mass index (BMI) likely to have narrow airways before and after setback BSSO with or without advancement genioplasty surgery by 3-dimensional computed tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five adults with a BMI of at least 24...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499944/comparison-of-different-coating-techniques-on-the-properties-of-fucopol-films
#14
Ana R V Ferreira, Janne Haapanen, Jyrki M Mäkelä, Jon E Bratvold, Ola Nilsen, Mikko Tuominen, Vítor D Alves, Isabel M Coelhoso
Plasma deposition, liquid flame spray (LFS) and atomic layer deposition (ALD) were used to form inorganic coatings in new exopolysaccharide (FucoPol) biodegradable films. Coated films were characterised in terms of surface, optical and barrier properties in order to evaluate their potential use in food packaging. FucoPol films presented dense and homogeneous surface with instant water contact angle of 95̊. Plasma deposition of perfluorohexane (PFH) on FucoPol surface has not shown significant improvement in the hydrophobic behaviour over the time...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498931/protective-effects-of-hot-spring-water-drinking-and-radon-inhalation-on-ethanol-induced-gastric-mucosal-injury-in-mice
#15
Reo Etani, Takahiro Kataoka, Norie Kanzaki, Akihiro Sakoda, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yuu Ishimori, Fumihiro Mitsunobu, Takehito Taguchi, Kiyonori Yamaoka
Radon therapy using radon (222Rn) gas is classified into two types of treatment: inhalation of radon gas and drinking water containing radon. Although short- or long-term intake of spa water is effective in increasing gastric mucosal blood flow, and spa water therapy is useful for treating chronic gastritis and gastric ulcer, the underlying mechanisms for and precise effects of radon protection against mucosal injury are unclear. In the present study, we examined the protective effects of hot spring water drinking and radon inhalation on ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury in mice...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497939/role-for-imaging-in-spondyloarthritis-spa
#16
Jun Ran, John N Morelli, Ruyi Xie, Xiaoli Zhang, Xiaoqing Liang, Xuanlin Liu, Xiaoming Li
INTRODUCTION: Despite major progress in the imaging diagnosis of spondyloarthritis (SpA), the relative advantages of various available imaging techniques remain unclear. The aim of this study is to assess the current use of imaging in the diagnosis of SpA and to provide suitable recommendations for the use of imaging as an outcome measure as defined in the 'Assessment in SpondyloArthritis international Society' (ASAS) criteria. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic literature search regarding imaging in SpA was performed...
May 12, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497237/efficacy-of-long-term-nonsteroidal-antiinflammatory-drug-treatment-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-determined-bone-marrow-oedema-in-early-active-axial-spondyloarthritis-patients
#17
Mei Tang, Leixi Xue, Yueping Shen, Lin Bo, Ru Yang, Jian Wen, Yi Zhang, Zhichun Liu, Jinxiang Fu
To assess the efficacy of long-term treatment with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on bone marrow oedema (BMO) of the sacroiliac joint in newly diagnosed axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) with a symptom duration of less than 4 years, a single-center, open-label study in a cohort of consecutive patients with newly diagnosed axial SpA was conducted. Eligible patients had magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-determined BMO of the sacroiliac joint at baseline, had a symptom duration of less than 4 years, and were naïve to NSAIDs...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497069/characterization-of-focal-liver-lesions-indistinctive-on-b-mode-ultrasound-benefits-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound
#18
Yi Dong, Feng Mao, Jiaying Cao, Peili Fan, Wen-Ping Wang
Aim. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the additional value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in identifying and characterizing of focal liver lesions (FLLs) that are indistinctive on B mode ultrasound (BMUS). Methods. The study focused on 70 consecutive patients (male 46, female 24; mean age, 53.1 years ± 10). All lesions were detected by MRI but could not be clearly visualized by BMUS. CEUS was performed by injected SonoVue® (Bracco Imaging Spa, Milan, Italy) as a quick bolus into the antecubital vein...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496443/higher-levels-of-secretory-iga-are-associated-with-low-disease-activity-index-in-patients-with-reactive-arthritis-and-undifferentiated-spondyloarthritis
#19
Fabián Salas-Cuestas, Wilson Bautista-Molano, Juan M Bello-Gualtero, Ivonne Arias, Diana Marcela Castillo, Lorena Chila-Moreno, Rafael Valle-Oñate, Daniel Herrera, Consuelo Romero-Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: Both reactive arthritis (ReA) and undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (uSpA) belong to the group of autoinflammatory diseases called spondyloarthritis (SpA). Hypotheses have been proposed about a relationship between the intestinal mucosa and inflammation of joint tissues. The role of immunoglobulin IgA or secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) in the inflammatory and/or clinical activity of patients with SpA remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the status of total IgA and SIgA, and the association among the levels of SIgA, IgA, IgA anti-Chlamydia trachomatis, and anti-Shigella spp...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488046/features-of-the-achilles-tendon-paratenon-and-enthesis-in-inflammatory-rheumatic-diseases-a%C3%A2-clinical-and-ultrasonographic-study
#20
H Harman, E Süleyman
AIM: We analyzed the ultrasonographic (US) features of the Achilles tendon (AT), paratenon (AP), and enthesis in patients with axial spondyloarthropathies (SpA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and compared these to healthy subjects. Relationships between these findings and clinical and functional parameters were identified. METHODS: The study included 40 axial SpA and 27 RA patients, as well as 30 healthy subjects. Clinical evaluation relied on the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath AS Functional Index (BASFI), AS Quality of Life Questionnaire (ASQoL), Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28), and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), as well as on a visual analog scale (VAS) for entheseal pain and the Madrid Sonographic Enthesistis Index (MASEI)...
May 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
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