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A Tülin Güleç
OBJECTIVES: Cutaneous warts represent a major problem in organ transplant recipients because of their extensive involvement and persistent course. Current therapeutic modalities often fail to achieve a successful response in patients with warts. We experienced a case involving an organ transplant recipient with recalcitrant mosaic warts who presented with complete clearance of lesions in 3 days after thermal spa bathing. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of natural thermal water versus hyperthermic tap water for treatment of recalcitrant hand warts in organ transplant recipients...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Jolien Claessens, Thibaut Belmondo, Ellen De Langhe, Rene Westhovens, Koen Poesen, Sophie Hüe, Daniel Blockmans, Michael Mahler, Marvin J Fritzler, Xavier Bossuyt
Solid phase assays (SPAs) and automated microscope systems are increasingly used to screen for antinuclear antibodies (ANAs). The goal of this study was to evaluate the performance of three automated ANA screening assays; NOVA Lite HEp-2 using NOVA View® (NV, Inova Diagnostics), an automated indirect immunofluorescence method, EliA™ CTD Screen (Fluorescence Enzyme Immunoassay, FEIA; Thermo Fisher) and QUANTA Flash® CTD Screen Plus (Chemiluminescence immunoassay, CIA; Inova Diagnostics). The assays were performed on 480 diagnostic samples from patients with an ANA-associated rheumatic disease (AARD; systemic lupus erythematosus, primary Sjögren's syndrome, systemic sclerosis, inflammatory myopathy, mixed connective tissue disease) and on 767 samples from diseased and healthy controls...
March 8, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
Marc A Tuazon, Sara C Campbell, Dylan J Klein, Sue A Shapses, Keith R Anacker, Tracy G Anthony, Mehmet Uzumcu, Gregory C Henderson
BACKGROUND: Menopause is associated with fatty liver, glucose dysregulation, increased body fat, and impaired bone quality. Previously, it was demonstrated that single sessions of high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) are more effective than distance- and duration-matched continuous exercise (CE) on altering hepatic triglyceride (TG) metabolism and very-low density lipoprotein-TG (VLDL-TG) secretion. METHODS: Six weeks training using these modalities was examined for effects on hepatic TG metabolism/secretion, glucose tolerance, body composition, and bone mineral density (BMD) in ovariectomized (OVX) and sham-operated (SHAM) mice...
March 6, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Ismail A Odetokun, Britta Ballhausen, Victoria O Adetunji, Ibraheem Ghali-Mohammed, Mukaila T Adelowo, Shakirat A Adetunji, Alexandra Fetsch
Staphylococcus aureus is a zoonotic pathogen of significant public health concern. Information on the prevalence and risk factors facilitating bacterial colonization and spread under abattoir settings in Nigeria are scarce. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine prevalence of S. aureus as well as risk factors on knowledge and practices facilitating pathogen carriage among workers and slaughter animals in two municipal abattoirs of Ilorin and Ibadan, Nigeria. Swab samples (n = 1671) from nostrils of cattle, goats, pigs and abattoir workers, and from meat tables and abattoir walls were collected for detection of S...
March 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Tingting Zhang, Wensong Wei, Bin Zhao, Ranran Wang, Mingliu Li, Liming Yang, Jianhua Wang, Qun Sun
This study investigated the possibility of using visible and near-infrared (VIS/NIR) hyperspectral imaging techniques to discriminate viable and non-viable wheat seeds. Both sides of individual seeds were subjected to hyperspectral imaging (400-1000 nm) to acquire reflectance spectral data. Four spectral datasets, including the ventral groove side, reverse side, mean (the mean of two sides' spectra of every seed), and mixture datasets (two sides' spectra of every seed), were used to construct the models. Classification models, partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), and support vector machines (SVM), coupled with some pre-processing methods and successive projections algorithm (SPA), were built for the identification of viable and non-viable seeds...
March 8, 2018: Sensors
Rikke Heidemann Olsen, Henrik Christensen, Susanne Kabell, Magne Bisgaard
Pododermatitis has been observed in several layer flocks in Denmark during 2015. The aetiology is complex including litter quality, nutrition, management etc. Bacterial pathogens associated with pododermatitis, however, have not received much attention. The aim of the present study was therefore to identify 106 bacterial isolates obtained from pododermatitis in table egg layers in addition to five isolates from spleen/bursa presternalis. Isolates were obtained from layers from six affected flocks. All isolates were identified by standard bacterial methods, species-specific PCRs, 16S rRNA sequencing or Matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization identification...
March 8, 2018: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
Fernando Rizzello, Ignazio Olivieri, Alessandro Armuzzi, Fabio Ayala, Vincenzo Bettoli, Luca Bianchi, Luca Cimino, Antonio Costanzo, Antonio Cristaudo, Salvatore D'Angelo, Marco Daperno, Anna Chiara Fostini, Mauro Galeazzi, Michele Gilio, Paolo Gionchetti, Paolo Gisondi, Ennio Lubrano, Antonio Marchesoni, Annamaria Offidani, Ambrogio Orlando, Daniela Pugliese, Carlo Salvarani, Raffaele Scarpa, Maurizio Vecchi, Giampiero Girolomoni
INTRODUCTION: Immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) are chronic autoimmune conditions that share common pathophysiologic mechanisms. The optimal management of patients with IMIDs remains challenging because the coexistence of different conditions requires the intervention of several specialists. The aim of this study was to develop a series of statements defining overarching principles that guide the implementation of a multidisciplinary approach for the management of spondyloarthritis (SpA)-related IMIDs including SpA, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis and uveitis...
March 7, 2018: Advances in Therapy
João Eurico Fonseca, José António Pereira da Silva, Miguel Bernardes, Rui Cernadas, José Canas da Silva, Lúcia Costa, Taciana Videira, Luís C Miranda, Anabela Barcelos, Pedro A Laires, Raquel Dezerto, Marília D Pereira, Filomena Vidal, Esmeralda Cunha, Ana Morais, Carla Martins, Rui Mesquita
OBJECTIVES: Early diagnosis and treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and axial Spondylarthritis (axial SpA) can limit the impact of disease outcomes. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a referral program on the identification of patients with RA and axial SpA. METHODS: This was an observational, prospective, randomized (by clusters) study conducted in Portugal to evaluate the impact of the implementation of a set of referral support actions (RSA). The study was divided in two sub-studies, the RA sub-study and the axial SpA sub-study...
March 5, 2018: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Jennifer M Turner, Christine Purslow, Paul J Murphy
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and effect on clinical signs of a polyvinylsiloxane (Tresident; Shütz Dental Group GmbH, Germany) compared with an irreversible hydrocolloid (Orthoprint; Zhermack SpA, Badia Polesine, Italy) for ocular impression-taking. METHODS: Twenty subjects were recruited (13 female and 7 male), with mean age 31.1±4.6 years (SD) (range 25.8-39.7). Subjects attended for 2 sessions, each of 1-hr duration, on 2 separate days. Each session was scheduled at the same time on each day...
February 28, 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
Salvatore D'Angelo, Antonio Carriero, Michele Gilio, Francesco Ursini, Pietro Leccese, Carlo Palazzi
Spondyloarthritis (SpA) are chronic inflammatory diseases with overlapping pathogenic mechanisms and clinical features. Treatment armamentarium against SpA includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs, including sulfasalazine, methotrexate, leflunomide, cyclosporine), targeted synthetic DMARDs (apremilast) and biological DMARDs (TNF inhibitors, anti-IL 12/23 and anti-IL-17 agents). Areas covered: A narrative review of published literature on safety profile of available SpA treatment options was performed...
March 5, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Katarzyna Garbacz, Lidia Piechowicz, Magdalena Podkowik, Aneta Mroczkowska, Joanna Empel, Jacek Bania
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the relatedness of molecular types of Staphylococcus aureus isolates colonizing cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with their antimicrobial resistance and prevalence of toxin genes. Methods: A total of 215 isolates from the airways of 107 patients with CF were tested for spa and SCC mec type, antimicrobial resistance and carriage of toxin genes. Results: t015, t084, t091, t700 and t002 were the largest group (approximately 25%) among all 69 identified spa types...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Lili Niu, Xiliang Zhu, Min Pan, Abbott Derek, Lisheng Xu, Long Meng, Hairong Zheng
BACKGROUND: Many studies have demonstrated that the geometry of the carotid bifurcation enables prediction of blood flow variation associated with atherosclerotic plaque formation. The phase angle between the arterial wall circumferential strain and its instantaneous wall shear stress is known as stress phase angle (SPA). This parameter is used to evaluate hemodynamic factors of atherogenesis. Note that SPA can be numerically computed for the purpose of locating atherosclerosis in different artery geometries...
March 2, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
Limei Zhang, Jian Gao, Herman W Barkema, Tariq Ali, Gang Liu, Youtian Deng, Sohail Naushad, John P Kastelic, Bo Han
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus, a common cause of bovine mastitis, is known for its ability to acquire to antimicrobial resistance and to secrete numerous virulence factors that can exacerbate inflammation. In addition, alpha-hemolysin has an important role in S. aureus infections, diversity of the hla gene (that produces alpha-hmolysin) in S. aureus isolated from bovine mastitis has not been well characterized. The objective was, therefore, to determine diversity of virulence genes, hla gene sequences, and clonal profiles of S...
March 2, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Chung Thong Lim, Márta Korbonits
Pituitary adenomas are the third most common central nervous system tumours and arise from the anterior pituitary within the pituitary fossa. The signs and symptoms of patients with pituitary adenomas vary from 'mass effects' caused by a large adenoma to features secondary to excess pituitary hormones produced by the functioning pituitary adenoma. Detailed histopathological assessment, based on novel classifications and the latest WHO guidelines, helps to categorise pituitary adenomas into different subtypes and identify features that, in some cases, help to predict their behaviour...
March 2, 2018: Endocrine Practice
Alessandro Mangano, Matteo Beretta, Giuseppe Luongo, Carlo Mangano, Francesco Mangano
Objective: The objective of the present study was to compare patients' acceptability, comfort and stress with conventional and digital impressions. Materials and Methods: Thirty young orthodontic patients (15 males and 15 females) who had no previous experience of impressions were enrolled in this study. Conventional impressions for orthodontic study models of the dental arches were taken using an alginate impression material (Hydrogum® , Zhermack Spa, Badia Polesine, Rovigo, Italy)...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Janneke J de Winter, Marleen G van de Sande, Niklas Baerlecken, Inger Berg, Roberta Ramonda, Désirée van der Heijde, Floris A van Gaalen, Torsten Witte, Dominique L Baeten
BACKGROUND: Anti-CD74 IgG antibodies are reported to be elevated in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). This study assessed the diagnostic value of anti-CD74 antibodies in patients with early axSpA. METHODS: Anti-CD74 IgG and IgA antibodies were first measured in an exploratory cohort of patients with radiographic axSpA (138 patients with ankylosing spondyloarthritis (AS)) and 57 healthy controls and then were measured in patients with early axSpA (n = 274) and with non-SpA chronic back pain (CBP) (n = 319), participating in the spondyloarthritis caught early (SPACE) prospective cohort study of patients under 45 years old with early back pain (for ≥ 3 months, but ≤ 2 years)...
March 1, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Parisa Asadollahi, Narges Nodeh Farahani, Mehdi Mirzaii, Seyed Sajjad Khoramrooz, Alex van Belkum, Khairollah Asadollahi, Masoud Dadashi, Davood Darban-Sarokhalil
Background: Staphylococcus aureus , a leading cause of community-acquired and nosocomial infections, remains a major health problem worldwide. Molecular typing methods, such as spa typing, are vital for the control and, when typing can be made more timely, prevention of S. aureus spread around healthcare settings. The current study aims to review the literature to report the most common clinical spa types around the world, which is important for epidemiological surveys and nosocomial infection control policies...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Ayodele Olatimehin, Adebayo O Shittu, Francis C Onwugamba, Alexander Mellmann, Karsten Becker, Frieder Schaumburg
Bats are economically important animals and serve as food sources in some African regions. They can be colonized with the Staphylococcus aureus complex, which includes Staphylococcus schweitzeri and Staphylococcus argenteus . Fecal carriage of S. aureus complex in the straw-colored fruit bat ( Eidolon helvum ) has been described. However, data on their transmission and adaptation in animals and humans are limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the population structure of the S. aureus complex in E...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Sachin Kumar, Ron E Knox, Asheesh K Singh, Ron M DePauw, Heather L Campbell, Julio Isidro-Sanchez, Fran R Clarke, Curtis J Pozniak, Amidou N'Daye, Brad Meyer, Andrew Sharpe, Yuefeng Ruan, Richard D Cuthbert, Daryl Somers, George Fedak
Loose smut, caused by Ustilago tritici (Pers.) Rostr., is a systemic disease of tetraploid durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L.). Loose smut can be economically controlled by growing resistant varieties, making it important to find and deploy new sources of resistance. Blackbird, a variety of T. turgidum L. subsp. carthlicum (Nevski) A. Love & D. Love, carries a high level of resistance to loose smut. Blackbird was crossed with the loose smut susceptible durum cultivar Strongfield to produce a doubled haploid (DH) mapping population...
2018: PloS One
Maryam Vosough, Zahra Hassanbeigi, Amir Salemi
A method based on membrane-protected micro-solid-phase extraction coupled with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry was developed for the determination of six UV filter compounds in various aqueous media. Multi-walled carbon nanotubes as the sorbent were encapsulated in a sealed polypropylene membrane packet and immersed in the sample to extract the analytes, and then dichloromethane was used for desorption purpose. The method was sensitive enough for quantitative analysis of the target analytes, with limits of quantification between 0...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
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