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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231615/what-do-older-people-experiencing-loneliness-think-about-primary-care-or-community-based-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-a-qualitative-study-in-england
#1
Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Mima Cattan, Claire Goodman, Maggie Kirby-Barr, Janet H Whitehouse, Kate Walters
Loneliness in later life is a common problem with poor health outcomes. However, interventions to prevent or ameliorate loneliness have a weak evidence base. The views of older people experiencing or at risk of loneliness in the community are important in identifying features of potential support, but have been little studied. Twenty-eight community dwelling people, aged 65 and over who reported being 'lonely much of the time' or identified as lonely from the de Jong Gierveld six-item loneliness scale in a larger study, participated in in-depth interviews, between June 2013 and May 2014...
February 23, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215902/childhood-abuse-and-the-two-year-course-of-late-life-depression
#2
Ilse Wielaard, Hannie C Comijs, Max L Stek, Didi Rhebergen
OBJECTIVES: Late-life depression often has a chronic course, with debilitating effects on functioning and quality of life; there is still no consensus on important risk factors explaining this chronicity. Cross-sectional studies have shown that childhood abuse is associated with late-life depression, and in longitudinal studies with chronicity of depression in younger adults. We aim to investigate the impact of childhood abuse on the course of late-life depression. DESIGN: Two-year longitudinal cohort study...
January 24, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214234/reablement-reactivation-rehabilitation-and-restorative-interventions-with-older-adults-in-receipt-of-home-care-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Joanie Sims-Gould, Catherine E Tong, Lutetia Wallis-Mayer, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the impact of reablement, reactivation, rehabilitation, and restorative (4R) programs for older adults in receipt of home care services. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched the following electronic bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health), SPORTDiscus and The Cochrane Library and reference lists. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials that describe original data on the impact of home-based rehabilitative care and were written in English...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210994/factors-related-to-the-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#4
Stefaan De Smet, Liesbeth De Donder, Denis Ryan, Sofie Van Regenmortel, Dorien Brosens, Stijn Vandevelde
PURPOSES: There is evidence of an increasing emphasis on the relevance of the quality of life-paradigm as an outcome measure for clients in geriatric, forensic, as well as correctional care. This paper aims to explore to what extent variables that were categorized according to the main areas of the Good Lives Model ('the self', 'the body' and 'social life') are related to the quality of life domains of older imprisoned offenders. METHODS: Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire administered in individual interviews with 93 older prisoners aged 60 years and over in 16 prisons of the Dutch-speaking region in Belgium...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206786/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-marital-adjustment-among-israeli-combat-veterans-the-role-of-loneliness-and-attachment
#5
Liat Itzhaky, Jacob Y Stein, Yafit Levin, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVE: War trauma may foster ramifications for marital relationships. Veterans may feel that no one can understand them and thus impact their relationships. The current study aims to shed light on the role that posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), loneliness, and attachment orientations may play in marital adjustment among combat veterans. METHOD: Participants were 504 veterans who served in the Lebanon War in 1982. RESULTS: Analysis revealed that higher PTSS levels were related to lower marital adjustment and that the indirect path of this relation through loneliness was significant...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202742/invalidation-in-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-clinical-and-psychological-framework
#6
Mariana Galante Santiago, Andréa Marques, Marianne Kool, Rinie Geenen, José António P da Silva
OBJECTIVE: The term "invalidation" refers to the patients' perception that their medical condition is not recognized by the social environment. Invalidation can be a major issue in patients' lives, adding a significant burden to symptoms and limitations while increasing the risk of physical and psychological disability. In this study in patients with rheumatic diseases, we investigated the relationship between invalidation and sociodemographic, clinical, psychological, and personality characteristics...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197862/influences-of-economic-social-and-cultural-marginalization-on-the-association-between-alcohol-use-and-sexual-risk-among-formerly-incarcerated-latino-men
#7
Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Omar Martínez, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Jeffrey Draine, Karin Eyrich Garg, Ethan Levine, Alexandra Ripkin
Formerly incarcerated Latino men (FILM) have been significantly impacted by the HIV/AIDS and alcohol abuse epidemics in the United States. In this analysis, we examine the role of social, economic and cultural marginalization in the likelihood of alcohol-related sexual risk taking behavior among FILM. We recruited a non-random sample of FILM, ages 18-49 (n = 259). We performed logistic regression modeling to test four hypotheses examining the direct and moderating effects of socio-cultural factors. Drinking before sex was strongly associated with high likelihood of condomless intercourse (adjusted odds ratio, AOR = 2...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194650/healthy-aging-in-older-women-living-with-hiv-infection-a-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-factors
#8
REVIEW
Anna A Rubtsova, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Tonya N Taylor, Deborah Konkle-Parker, Gina M Wingood, Marcia McDonnell Holstad
Due to life-enhancing effects of antiretroviral therapy, HIV-positive persons have the potential for long life comparable to their uninfected peers. Older women (age 50+) living with HIV (OWLH) are often an under-recognized aging group. We conducted a systematic review to examine psychosocial factors that impact how OWLH live, cope, and age with HIV. Initial key word search yielded 1527 records, and 21 studies met our inclusion criteria of original quantitative or qualitative research published between 2013 and 2016 with results specific to OWLH...
February 13, 2017: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192455/suicide-risk-in-a-representative-sample-of-people-receiving-hiv-care-time-to-target-most-at-risk-populations-anrs-vespa2-french-national-survey
#9
Maria Patrizia Carrieri, Fabienne Marcellin, Lisa Fressard, Marie Préau, Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Marie Suzan-Monti, Valérie Guagliardo, Marion Mora, Perrine Roux, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Bruno Spire
BACKGROUND: Suicide risk is high among people living with HIV (PLHIV). This study aimed to identify major correlates of suicide risk in a representative sample of PLHIV in France, in order to help target individuals who would benefit from suicide risk screening and psychiatric care. METHODS: The ANRS VESPA2 cross-sectional survey (April 2011-January 2012) collected socio-demographic, medical and behavioral data from 3,022 PLHIV recruited in 73 French HIV hospital departments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183368/prognostic-significance-of-social-network-social-support-and-loneliness-for-course-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-adulthood-and-old-age
#10
R H S van den Brink, N Schutter, D J C Hanssen, B M Elzinga, I M Rabeling-Keus, M L Stek, H C Comijs, B W J H Penninx, R C Oude Voshaar
AIMS: Poor recovery from depressive disorder has been shown to be related to low perceived social support and loneliness, but not to social network size or frequency of social interactions. Some studies suggest that the significance of social relationships for depression course may be greater in younger than in older patients, and may differ between men and women. None of the studies examined to what extent the different aspects of social relationships have unique or overlapping predictive values for depression course...
February 10, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182499/perceived-control-across-the-second-half-of-life-the-role-of-physical-health-and-social-integration
#11
Johanna Drewelies, Jenny Wagner, Clemens Tesch-Römer, Jutta Heckhausen, Denis Gerstorf
Perceived control is a key component of successful aging and may serve as a protective factor against age-related declines in central domains of functioning. However, it is a largely open question whether and how perceived control changes from midadulthood to very old age and how such change is shaped by health and social contexts. To examine these questions, we apply growth models to up to 15-year 4-wave longitudinal data from the German Ageing Survey (DEAS; N = 10,081; aged 40-85 years at baseline; 49% women)...
February 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171740/social-emotional-adjustment-and-pet-ownership-among-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Amanda Ward, Nicole Arola, Amy Bohnert, Rebecca Lieb
Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often experience poor social-emotional adjustment and interactions with peers, but taking care of a family pet may serve as a buffer. This study utilized 81 parent-adolescent dyads to examine how dimensions of pet ownership (responsibility, comfort, companionship) may be associated with social-emotional adjustment (depression, loneliness, friendship quality) among adolescents with ASD, as well as how social impairments may influence these relations. Results revealed that adolescents who took more responsibility for their pet exhibited fewer depressive symptoms...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161981/loneliness-is-a-public-health-issue
#13
Alison While
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161455/pre-migration-and-post-migration-factors-associated-with-mental-health-in-humanitarian-migrants-in-australia-and-the-moderation-effect-of-post-migration-stressors-findings-from-the-first-wave-data-of-the-bnla-cohort-study
#14
Wen Chen, Brian J Hall, Li Ling, Andre Mn Renzaho
BACKGROUND: The process of becoming a humanitarian migrant is potentially damaging to mental health. We examined the association between pre-migration and post-migration potentially traumatic events and stressors and mental health, and assessed the moderating effect of post-migration stressors in humanitarian migrants in Australia. METHODS: In this study, we used the first wave of data between 2013 and 2014 from the Building a New Life in Australia survey. The survey included 2399 migrants who had arrived in Australia holding a permanent humanitarian visa 3-6 months preceding the survey, with 77% and 23% of participants being granted visas through offshore and onshore humanitarian programmes, respectively...
February 1, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159001/effects-over-time-of-self-reported-direct-and-vicarious-racial-discrimination-on-depressive-symptoms-and-loneliness-among-australian-school-students
#15
Naomi Priest, Ryan Perry, Angeline Ferdinand, Margaret Kelaher, Yin Paradies
BACKGROUND: Racism and racial discrimination are increasingly acknowledged as a critical determinant of health and health inequalities. However, patterns and impacts of racial discrimination among children and adolescents remain under-investigated, including how different experiences of racial discrimination co-occur and influence health and development over time. This study examines associations between self-reported direct and vicarious racial discrimination experiences and loneliness and depressive symptoms over time among Australian school students...
February 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157378/indirect-effects-of-loneliness-on-substance-use-through-stress
#16
Chris Segrin, Melissa McNelis, Corey A Pavlich
Loneliness is associated with a range of physical health problems, and health behaviors (e.g., alcohol use) have been specified as one factor that explains the compromised health of lonely people. Accordingly, in this investigation, we sought to test direct and indirect (through stress) effects of loneliness on substance use (i.e., alcohol consumption, drinking problems, and prescription medication use) over the course of 1 year in a 2-wave longitudinal study. These effects were tested in a sample of 210 young adults who completed self-report measures of loneliness and substance use at time 1 and then completed measures of stress and substance use at time 2...
February 3, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154893/loneliness-and-depression-in-the-elderly-the-role-of-social-network
#17
Joan Domènech-Abella, Elvira Lara, Maria Rubio-Valera, Beatriz Olaya, Maria Victoria Moneta, Laura Alejandra Rico-Uribe, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Jordi Mundó, Josep Maria Haro
PURPOSE: Loneliness and depression are associated, in particular in older adults. Less is known about the role of social networks in this relationship. The present study analyzes the influence of social networks in the relationship between loneliness and depression in the older adult population in Spain. METHODS: A population-representative sample of 3535 adults aged 50 years and over from Spain was analyzed. Loneliness was assessed by means of the three-item UCLA Loneliness Scale...
February 2, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136040/age-uk-enlists-nurses-to-tackle-loneliness-in-older-people
#18
Alistair Kleebauer
A pilot programme by charity Age UK has helped to combat loneliness in older people, early findings show. The scheme, involving eight local Age UK services in England, raises awareness of the common characteristics of loneliness among ward nurses, hospital discharge teams and practice nurses.
January 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136036/effect-of-social-isolation-on-mortality-and-ill-health
#19
(no author information available yet)
Social isolation, or the perception of it, is far from inevitable for older people and is not a 'normal' part of ageing. However, nurses in all settings encounter older people who are lonely and it is becoming increasingly clear that loneliness plays an important part in older people's health outcomes, as described in the three research articles summarised below.
January 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136034/feelings-of-loneliness-and-living-alone-as-predictors-of-mortality-in-the-elderly-the-paquid-study
#20
(no author information available yet)
This large population study carried out in France investigated how living alone and feelings of loneliness affect mortality rates in older community-dwelling people.
January 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
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