keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Loneliness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151199/loneliness-in-older-adults-living-with-hiv
#1
Meredith Greene, Nancy A Hessol, Carla Perissinotto, Roland Zepf, Amanda Hutton Parrott, Cameron Foreman, Robert Whirry, Monica Gandhi, Malcolm John
We conducted a cross-sectional study among HIV-positive adults age ≥ 50 in San Francisco to evaluate the frequency of loneliness, characteristics of those who reported loneliness, and the association of loneliness with functional impairment and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Participants (N = 356) were predominately male (85%); 57% were white; median age was 56. 58% reported any loneliness symptoms with 24% reporting mild, 22% moderate and 12% severe loneliness. Lonely participants were more likely to report depression, alcohol and tobacco use, and have fewer relationships...
November 18, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147806/depression-loneliness-and-sexual-risk-taking-among-hiv-negative-unknown-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#2
Xiaoyou Su, A Ning Zhou, Jianjun Li, Ling-En Shi, Xiping Huan, Hongjing Yan, Chongyi Wei
Research conducted among men who have sex with men (MSM) in high-income countries has demonstrated that negative mental health is one of the significant drivers of HIV infection, and few studies have examined the status of mental health among MSM in China. We sought to describe depression and loneliness and identify their correlates among Chinese MSM. A cross-sectional study was conducted among HIV-negative or unknown status MSM in 2014. Time-location sampling and online convenience sampling methods were employed...
November 16, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146553/impact-of-marital-status-on-outcomes-following-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#3
Moo Hyun Kim, Kwang Min Lee, Soo Jin Kim, So Yeon Kim, Jong Seong Park, Young Rak Cho, Kyungil Park, Tae Ho Park, Young Dae Kim, Victor Serebruany
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders, depression, and loneliness are established risk factors for thrombotic occlusions. Social relationships in general, and marital status in particular may play a role in predicting cardiovascular outcomes and survival after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), but the evidence is inconclusive especially in Asians. METHODS: The Korean patients presented with STEMI (n=980) constituted married (n=780); or widowed, divorced, or single (WDS, n=200) groups...
July 22, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145817/family-context-and-individual-situation-of-teens-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-mexico-city
#4
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, David Robichaux, Ana Lilia Rodríguez-Ventura, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Maria de la Luz Hoyuela, Estela Godínez, Selene Segovia
BACKGROUND: In the last 20 years, adolescent pregnancy has become one of the most critical problems affecting women in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 29 teen mothers. All of the pregnant teens were from low- to lower-middle-class social strata in the Mexico City metropolitan area. The family (living with the girl) and the individual context of pregnant teens were analysed on the basis of data from at least three interviews: during pregnancy and at approximately 6 and 24 months following delivery...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143433/psychological-correlates-of-fear-of-falling-findings-from-the-german-aging-survey
#5
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
AIM: The aim of the present study was to identify general psychological factors related to fear of falling. METHODS: Data drawn from national probability sampling of the German population aged ≥40 years were used (German Aging Survey; n = 7779). The fear of falling and the psychological factors of loneliness, life satisfaction, positive affect, negative affect, optimism, self-efficacy, self-esteem, self-regulation and perceived stress were collected in self-administered questionnaires...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141610/social-relations-and-healthcare-utilisation-among-middle-aged-and-older-people-study-protocol-for-an-implementation-and-register-based-study-in-denmark
#6
Anne Sophie Bech Mikkelsen, Rikke Lund, Maria Kristiansen
BACKGROUND: While previous research establishes an association between social relations, health and use of healthcare services among older people, how to implement this knowledge in real-life settings has received much less attention. This study will explore the relationship between social relations, health and use of healthcare services in a Danish mid-life population sample. In addition, the study will explore individual and contextual factors affecting the implementation of a group-based life story intervention aimed at establishing and strengthening social relations among older people at nursing homes in Denmark...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138541/the-effect-of-peer-support-in-adults-with-insulin-pump-treated-type-1-diabetes-a-pilot-study-of-a-flexible-and-participatory-intervention
#7
Lene Eide Joensen, Merete Meldgaard Andersen, Sabrina Jensen, Kirsten Nørgaard, Ingrid Willaing
Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of a flexible and participatory peer support intervention in a clinical setting for adults with type 1 diabetes treated with an insulin pump, focusing on enhancing diabetes-specific social capital. The key questions were as follows: 1) what effects are appropriate to expect, according to participants? and 2) to what extent did these effects occur? Methods: Two peer support intervention programs were conducted in a diabetes specialist clinic (N=30)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135446/-cross-informant-agreement-between-parent-reported-and-adolescent-self-reported-quality-of-life-in-children-with-externalising-symptoms
#8
Dóra Szentiványi, József Halász, Lili O Horváth, Gergely Mészáros, Martina Miklós, Mónika Miklósi, Szabina Velo, Péter Vida, Judit Balázs
BACKGROUND: It is well-known phenomena both in clinical practice and research, that there is a discrepancy between the parents' and children's report about children's Quality of Life (QoL). The purpose of our research was to examine the differences in self and caregiver's proxy report of child's QoL. We also compared mothers', fathers' and other caregivers' reports of children's QoL. METHODS: Patients with externalizing symptoms in their history, aged 13-18 years were selected from the Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Hospital and Outpatient Clinic...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131678/exergames-designed-for-older-adults-a-pilot-evaluation-on-psychosocial-well-being
#9
Jinhui Li, Xuexin Xu, Pham Tan Phat, Yin-Leng Theng, Niina Katajapuu, Mika Luimula
OBJECTIVE: Exergames are increasingly been used in the primary healthcare domain for older adults who are 65 years and above. However, most of the exergames on current market are not designed for the aging population. The current study introduced five new exergames developed for elderly and evaluated their benefits. METHODS: Five new exergames were developed by researchers from Finland, Singapore, and Japan, in which the game topics, difficulties, and user interface were designed particularly for older adults...
November 13, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130976/discontinued-information-and-communication-technology-usage-among-older-adults-in-continuing-care-retirement-communities-in-the-united-states
#10
R V Rikard, Ronald W Berkowsky, Shelia R Cotten
BACKGROUND: Older adults are increasingly using information and communication technologies (ICTs). Recent studies show beneficial effects of using ICTs for older adults, particularly in terms of reducing loneliness and depression. However, little is known about the factors that may prevent discontinued ICT use in populations that may be at greater risk, such as those in continuing care retirement communities (CCRCs). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine a range of factors that may influence discontinued (1) ICT use, (2) searching for health information, and (3) searching for general information over time among CCRC residents...
November 9, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130405/what-is-the-role-of-community-at-the-end-of-life-for-people-dying-in-advanced-age-a-qualitative-study-with-bereaved-family-carers
#11
Merryn Gott, Janine Wiles, Tess Moeke-Maxwell, Stella Black, Lisa Williams, Ngaire Kerse, Gabriella Trussardi
BACKGROUND: New public health approaches to palliative care prioritise the role of community at end of life. However, little is known about community support for the increasing numbers of people dying in advanced age. AIM: To explore the role of community at end of life for people dying in advanced age from the perspective of their bereaved family caregivers. DESIGN: A constructionist framework underpinned a qualitative research design. Data were analysed using critical thematic analysis...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120291/how-they-see-it-young-women-s-views-on-early-marriage-in-a-post-conflict-setting
#12
Sonya Em Knox
Current understandings of early marriage in conflict and post-conflict settings are incomplete and under-researched, and do not sufficiently take into consideration the views and experiences of adolescent girls. While much of the literature, development reports and mainstream media emphasise the poverty, health risks and lack of agency of young women married early, they seldom provide these teenagers an open platform from which to speak. In 2007, a Palestinian refugee camp in North Lebanon was destroyed and its residents forced to flee...
October 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119452/mental-health-loneliness-and-illness-perception-outcomes-in-quality-of-life-among-young-breast-cancer-patients-after-mastectomy-the-role-of-breast-reconstruction
#13
Ioanna Fanakidou, Sofia Zyga, Victoria Alikari, Maria Tsironi, John Stathoulis, Paraskevi Theofilou
PURPOSE: Το explore the relationship between mental health (depression, anxiety, and stress), loneliness, and illness perception with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in young breast cancer patients, within a year after mastectomy, and to investigate the role of breast reconstruction. METHODS: Eighty-one women with stage II breast cancer-35 with breast reconstruction and 46 without breast reconstruction-completed the Missoula-VITAS Quality of Life Index-15, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21, the UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, and a questionnaire with demographic and medical information...
November 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118242/the-loneliness-of-the-long-distance-toad-invasion-history-and-social-attraction-in-cane-toads-rhinella-marina
#14
Jodie Gruber, Martin J Whiting, Gregory Brown, Richard Shine
Individuals at the leading edge of a biological invasion constantly encounter novel environments. These pioneers may benefit from increased social attraction, because low population densities reduce competition and risks of pathogen transfer, and increase benefits of information transfer. In standardized trials, cane toads (Rhinella marina) from invasion-front populations approached conspecifics more often, and spent more time close to them, than did conspecifics from high-density, long-colonized populations...
November 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116555/modifiable-correlates-of-perceived-cognitive-function-in-breast-cancer-survivors-up-to-10%C3%A2-years-after-chemotherapy-completion
#15
Ashley Henneghan, Alexa Stuifbergen, Heather Becker, Shelli Kesler, Elisabeth King
BACKGROUND: Cognitive changes following breast cancer treatment are likely multifactorial and have been linked to emotional factors, biophysiological factors, and fatigue, among others. Little is known about the contributions of modifiable factors such as stress, loneliness, and sleep quality. The purpose of this study was to explore the direct and indirect effects of perceived stress, loneliness, and sleep quality on perceived cognitive function (PCF) in breast cancer survivors (BCS) after chemotherapy completion...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108376/pain-of-methadone-maintained-heroin-addicts-lonelier-individuals-feel-more-intense-pain
#16
Fu Li, Yan-Min Xu, Jun-Hong Zhu, Jin Lu, Bao-Liang Zhong
Managing pain in patients with heroin addiction is challenging, because most pain medications are addictive. A promising way to relieve pain of heroin addicts is to identify and address modifiable psychosocial factors associated with pain. This study examined the association between loneliness and pain intensity in Chinese heroin addicts receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). A consecutive sample of 603 heroin addicts were recruited from three MMT clinics in Wuhan, China. Loneliness was assessed with a single question, and socio-demographic and clinical data were collected with a standardized questionnaire...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108361/loneliness-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life-in-chinese-heroin-dependent-patients-receiving-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#17
Ying-Jia Yang, Yan-Min Xu, Wen-Cai Chen, Jun-Hong Zhu, Jin Lu, Bao-Liang Zhong
To date, no studies have examined loneliness in Chinese patients with substance use disorders. This study determined the prevalence and socio-demographic and clinical correlates of loneliness and its impact on quality of life (QOL) in Chinese heroin-dependent patients (HDPs) receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). A total of 603 HDPs were consecutively recruited from three city-owned MMT clinics in Wuhan, China, and administered with a standardized questionnaire to collect socio-demographic and clinical data...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102150/it-is-all-in-their-mind-a-review-on-information-processing-bias-in-lonely-individuals
#18
REVIEW
Annette W M Spithoven, Patricia Bijttebier, Luc Goossens
Loneliness is a distressing emotional state that motivates individuals to renew and maintain social contact. It has been suggested that lonely individuals suffer from a cognitive bias towards social threatening stimuli. However, current models of loneliness remain vague on how this cognitive bias is expressed in lonely individuals. The current review provides an up-to-date overview of studies examining loneliness in relation to various aspects of cognitive functioning. These studies are interpreted in light of the Social Information Processing (SIP) model...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100718/-programs-to-combat-loneliness-in-the-institutionalised-elderly-a-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#19
Ana Isabel Bermeja, Berta Ausín
Loneliness is a problem that affects a very high percentage of older people, and can lead to physical and/or mental illness. This article aims to present a systematic review of programs to combat loneliness directed towards the institutionalised elderly. Experimental and quasi-experimental articles published between 2000 and 2016 were included in the review. An analysis was carried out on the quality of the methodological evidence of each of the articles. The programs analysed included animal-assisted, contacts with families through videoconferencing, gardening and/or horticulture workshops, reminiscence therapies, humour therapies, and cognitive interventions...
October 31, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099105/determinants-associated-with-chronic-and-incident-depression-in-mexican-older-adults
#20
A L Sosa Ortiz, C I Astudillo García, G I Acosta Castillo
Objective: To describe the association among socio-demographic, environmental, psychosocial and health determinants in Mexican elders with chronic and incident depression from a 3-year follow-up study. Methods: Data from a cohort study of 1512 Mexicans, 65 and more years old was analyzed. We used a multinomial regression model in order to analyze the associations between determinants of interest with chronic and incident depression conditions, taking as reference a group without depression...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
keyword
keyword
5239
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"