keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Loneliness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428814/reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-community-integration-measure-for-community-dwelling-people-with-schizophrenia
#1
Ai Shioda, Etsuko Tadaka, Ayako Okochi
BACKGROUND: Community integration is an essential right for people with schizophrenia that affects their well-being and quality of life, but no valid instrument exists to measure it in Japan. The aim of the present study is to develop and evaluate the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Community Integration Measure (CIM) for people with schizophrenia. METHODS: The Japanese version of the CIM was developed as a self-administered questionnaire based on the original version of the CIM, which was developed by McColl et al...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421286/-listening-to-music-in-old-age-investigation-of-utilization-and-psychosocial-resources
#2
Thomas Schäfer, Jasmin Riedel
BACKGROUND: Studies with younger participants have shown that listening to music is used to achieve a multitude of positive effects that can be summarized by three fundamental dimensions: self-awareness, social relatedness and regulation of mood and arousal. For the elderly, these effects contain a high potential with respect to alleviation of affective symptoms and enhancement of social participation; however, it is still unclear if the elderly exhibit the same pattern of fundamental uses of listening to music as younger persons and how they evaluate their access to music in different housing situations...
April 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418079/loneliness-and-cardiovascular-disease-and-the-role-of-late-life-depression
#3
Annette Hegeman, Natasja Schutter, Hannie Comijs, Tjalling Holwerda, Jack Dekker, Max Stek, Roos van der Mast
OBJECTIVE: Loneliness and depression have a strong reciprocal influence, and both predict adverse health outcomes at old age. Therefore, this study examines whether loneliness is associated with the presence of cardiovascular diseases taking into account the role of late-life depression. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of 477 older adults in the Netherlands Study of Depressed Older Persons were used. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the relation between loneliness and cardiovascular disease...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412982/social-isolation-in-chinese-older-adults-scoping-review-for-age-friendly-community-planning
#4
M Anum Syed, Lynn McDonald, Corinne Smirle, Karen Lau, Raza M Mirza, Sander L Hitzig
Chinese older adults may be at increased risk of social isolation and loneliness, and a fragmented understanding exists about the challenges they face for social participation in their neighbourhoods and communities. A scoping review was undertaken to describe the current knowledge on social isolation and loneliness in urban-dwelling Chinese older adults living in Western societies to inform future research, practice, and policy in Canada. Nineteen articles met the inclusion criteria. The World Health Organization's age-friendly community framework contextualized the study findings...
April 17, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410120/snp_tata_comparator-genomewide-landmarks-for-preventive-personalized-medicine
#5
Mikhail Ponomarenko, Dmitry Rasskazov, Irina Chadaeva, Ekaterina Sharypova, Petr Ponomarenko, Olga Arkova, Elena Kashina, Nikita Ivanisenko, Dmitry Zhechev, Ludmila Savinkova, Nikolay Kolchanov
Year after year, conditions, quality, and duration of human lives have been improving due to the progress of science, technology, education, and medicine, which however has a downside. Owing to improvement in children's nutrition, developmental acceleration occurs that imbalances a child's system. Because of virtual worlds of the Internet, social experience of teenagers expands and clashes with puberty of adolescents. Due to the comfort of cities, urbanization emerges and causes stress to adults because of artificial light, noise, pollution, violations of personal space, and family disruption...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407567/obesity-and-the-social-withdrawal-syndrome
#6
Ken J Rotenberg, Carla Bharathi, Helen Davies, Tom Finch
The relation between obesity and Social Withdrawal Syndrome (SWS) was examined using the data gathered by Rotenberg, Bharathi, Davies, and Finch (2013). One hundred and 35 undergraduates (80 females; Mage=21years-10months) completed standardized scales that assessed the SWS (low emotional trust beliefs in close others, low disclosure to close others, and high loneliness). BMI was calculated from self-reported weight and height. As hypothesized, quadratic relations were found in which participants with BMI>30 (i...
April 4, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404528/alcohol-and-healthy-ageing-a-challenge-for-alcohol-policy
#7
D Nicholson, F McCormack, P Seaman, K Bell, T Duffy, M Gilhooly
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents findings of a qualitative study of older people's use of alcohol during retirement and identifies ways that an improved understanding of older people's drinking can inform policy approaches to alcohol and active and healthy ageing. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured interviews conducted with a self-selecting sample of retired people. METHODS: Participants were recruited from three geographical locations in the West of Scotland...
April 3, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399318/suicide-ideation-in-older-adults-recovering-from-acute-conditions-in-a-clinical-recovery-facility
#8
Rui C Campos, Sara Santos, Margarida Piteira, Marta Abreu, Sofia Tavares
The aim of the current study was to assess suicide ideation in a sample of older adults recovering from acute conditions in a clinical recovery facility of the Portuguese Red Cross. Four indicators of suicide ideation were used. Clinical, contextual, and psychological variables-namely, previous suicide attempts, death of a family member by suicide, loneliness, and interpersonal needs-were also tested to determine whether they were related to suicide ideation. Findings show suicide ideation is frequent at admission and related to patients' previous suicide attempts...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399313/definition-determinants-and-outcomes-of-social-connectedness-for-older-adults-a-scoping-review
#9
Hannah M O'Rourke, Souraya Sidani
Social connectedness is critical to older adults' well-being, but is defined inconsistently and its determinants and outcomes have not been comprehensively described. The current scoping review mapped the definitions, determinants, and outcomes of social connectedness for older adults. By identifying the conceptual features described in most articles, social connectedness was defined as: the opposite of loneliness, a subjective evaluation of the extent to which one has meaningful, close, and constructive relationships with others (i...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397978/-bringing-the-outside-world-in-enriching-social-connection-through-health-student-placements-in-a-teaching-aged-care-facility
#10
Michael J Annear, Kate-Ellen J Elliott, Laura T Tierney, Emma J Lea, Andrew Robinson
BACKGROUND: Older adults living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) often experience limited opportunities for social connection despite close proximity to peers, which has implications for mental health and quality of life (QoL). The introduction of large-scale undergraduate health student placements in RACFs may enhance opportunities for meaningful engagement through social connection, although this remains unexplored. OBJECTIVE: This research explores whether interpersonal encounters between health students and RACF residents influence residents' opportunities for social connection and QoL...
April 11, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396407/life-skills-wealth-health-and-wellbeing-in-later-life
#11
Andrew Steptoe, Jane Wardle
Life skills play a key role in promoting educational and occupational success in early life, but their relevance at older ages is uncertain. Here we measured five life skills-conscientiousness, emotional stability, determination, control, and optimism-in 8,119 men and women aged 52 and older (mean 66.7 y). We show that the number of skills is associated with wealth, income, subjective wellbeing, less depression, low social isolation and loneliness, more close relationships, better self-rated health, fewer chronic diseases and impaired activities of daily living, faster walking speed, and favorable objective biomarkers (concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, vitamin D and C-reactive protein, and less central obesity)...
April 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393460/ageing-out-of-place-the-meaning-of-home-among-hispanic-older-persons-living-in-the-united-states
#12
Alicia Curtin, Diane C Martins, Catharina Gillsjö, Donna Schwartz-Barcott
AIM: To explore the meaning of home among older Hispanic immigrants who are "aging out of place." BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence supports the concept of older persons ageing in place. Nurse researchers have demonstrated that older person who age in place have better physical, psychological and cognitive outcomes. Less, however, is known about older persons who are "aging out of place," meaning out of their country of origin. With the growth of home health care, there is a need to understand the older immigrants' meaning of home when ageing out of their country of origin...
April 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392983/effects-of-online-group-exercises-for-older-adults-on-physical-psychological-and-social-wellbeing-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#13
Marcos Baez, Iman Khaghani Far, Francisco Ibarra, Michela Ferron, Daniele Didino, Fabio Casati
BACKGROUND: Intervention programs to promote physical activity in older adults, either in group or home settings, have shown equivalent health outcomes but different results when considering adherence. Group-based interventions seem to achieve higher participation in the long-term. However, there are many factors that can make of group exercises a challenging setting for older adults. A major one, due to the heterogeneity of this particular population, is the difference in the level of skills...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388898/urinary-incontinence-mental-health-and-loneliness-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-ireland
#14
Andrew Stickley, Ziggi Ivan Santini, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is associated with worse health among older adults. Little is known however, about its relation with loneliness or the role of mental health in this association. This study examined these factors among older adults in Ireland. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 6903 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 50 collected in the first wave of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) in 2009-11. Information was obtained on the self-reported occurrence (yes/no) and severity (frequency/activity limitations) of UI in the past 12 months...
April 8, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383930/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-adults-psychometric-validation-of-the-adult-concentration-inventory
#15
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Annie A Garner, Matthew A Jarrett, Aaron M Luebbe, Jeffery N Epstein, Erik G Willcutt
As interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) increases, a primary limitation for the field is the lack of a unified set of symptoms for assessing SCT. No existing SCT measure includes all items identified in a recent meta-analysis as optimal for distinguishing between SCT and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) inattention. This study evaluates a new self-report measure for assessing SCT in adulthood, the Adult Concentration Inventory (ACI), which was developed in response to the meta-analytic findings for assessing SCT...
April 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382237/the-pathophysiology-of-perceived-social-isolation-effects-on-health-and-mortality
#16
REVIEW
Adnan Bashir Bhatti, Anwar Ul Haq
Perceived social isolation (PSI) is a deficit in normal human social interaction, which has been associated with negative health outcomes. However, the precise mechanisms through which PSI influences human health are not fully known. This review aims at bringing out what is known about these pathways through which social isolation affects human health. We searched PubMed, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE), Psychological Information Database (PsycINFO), and Cochrane Library in addition to secondary references from primary journal articles for the most relevant and recent information concerning the research topic...
January 24, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381194/prevalence-of-loneliness-over-ten-years-among-the-oldest-old
#17
Fredrica Nyqvist, Mima Cattan, Mia Conradsson, Marina Näsman, Yngve Gustafsson
AIMS: This study examined the prevalence of loneliness among the oldest old within a 10-year period and studied the influence of various sociodemographic, social and health characteristics on loneliness. METHODS: The study used population-based data from the Umeå85+/GErontological Regional DAtabase-study (GERDA) for the years 2000-2002, 2005-2007 and 2010-2012 including 85-year-old, 90-year-old and ⩾95-year-old participants. A final sample of 304 participants in 2000-2002, 329 participants in 2005-2007 and 401 participants in 2010-2012 was included in the analyses...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380713/coping-resources-loneliness-and-depressive-symptoms-of-older-women-with-chronic-illness
#18
Camille Beckette Warner, Amy Restorick Roberts, Alexandra Bohne Jeanblanc, Kathryn Betts Adams
Chronic illness with its accompanying physical stressors poses a risk factor for loneliness and depression in later life. Testing a model of stress and coping, we examined the effects of three types of coping resources (religious coping; Selection, Optimization, and Compensation [SOC] adaptive strategies; and perceived social support) on the deleterious effects of chronic illness among older women. Community-dwelling older women ( N = 138) with at least one chronic illness ( M = 3.9, SD = 2.1) completed mailed questionnaires...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379646/the-occurrence-and-persistence-of-thoughts-of-suicide-self-harm-and-death-in-family-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-a-longitudinal-data-analysis-over-2%C3%A2-years
#19
Karlijn J Joling, Siobhan T O'Dwyer, Cees M P M Hertogh, Hein P J van Hout
OBJECTIVE: Family caregivers of people with dementia often report high levels of stress and depression, but little is known about those who contemplate suicide or self-harm. This study explores thoughts of suicide, self-harm and death in dementia caregivers and investigates the characteristics that distinguish them from those without such thoughts. METHODS: Data were collected every 3 months, for 24 months, from 192 family caregivers of people with dementia living in the Netherlands...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376559/patient-satisfaction-with-maternity-waiting-homes-in-liberia-a-case-study-during-the-ebola-outbreak
#20
Jody R Lori, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Jordan Shifman, Patricia N M Amarah, Garfee Williams
INTRODUCTION: Liberia in West Africa has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world (990/100,000 live births). Many women in Liberia live in rural, remote villages with little access to safe maternity services. The World Health Organization has identified maternity waiting homes (MWHs) as one strategy to minimize the barrier of distance in accessing a skilled birth attendant. However, limited data exist on satisfaction with MWHs or maternal health care in Liberia. METHODS: This mixed-methods case study examines women's satisfaction with their stay at a MWH and compares utilization rates before and during the Ebola outbreak...
March 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
keyword
keyword
5239
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"