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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812271/oxytocin-and-interpersonal-relationships
#1
Alexandra Patin, Dirk Scheele, Rene Hurlemann
The neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) has emerged as a potent modulator of diverse aspects of interpersonal relationships. OT appears to work in close interaction with several other neurotransmitter networks, including the dopaminergic reward circuit, and to be dependent on sex-specific hormonal influences. In this chapter, we focus on four main domains of OT and interpersonal relationships, including (1) the protective effect of OT on an individual's ability to withstand stress (i.e., stress buffering), (2) the effect of OT on emotion recognition and empathy, (3) OT's ability to enhance social synchrony and cooperation among individuals, and (4) the effect of OT on an individual's perception of social touch...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810970/completion-of-a-veteran-focused-civic-service-program-improves-health-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Karen A Lawrence, Monica M Matthieu, Emma Robertson-Blackmore
INTRODUCTION: Volunteering as a health promotion intervention is positively related to improved health and well-being in civilians and older adults. Yet, the impacts of participating in a community-based volunteering program on returning military veterans have not been studied, nor have the outcomes for veterans who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational, pre-post survey examines health, psychological, and social outcomes from a cohort of post-9/11/01 veterans with (N = 67) and without a reported TBI history (N = 273) who completed a 6-month, 20-hour per week veteran-focused civic service program...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805100/older-adults-with-a-combination-of-vision-and-hearing-impairment-experience-higher-rates-of-cognitive-impairment-functional-dependence-and-worse-outcomes-across-a-set-of-quality-indicators
#3
Jacob G S Davidson, Dawn M Guthrie
OBJECTIVES: Hearing and vision impairment were examined across several health-related outcomes and across a set of quality indicators (QIs) in home care clients with both vision and hearing loss (or dual sensory impairment [DSI]). METHOD: Data collected using the Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC) were analyzed in a sample of older home care clients. The QIs represent the proportion of clients experiencing negative outcomes (e.g., falls, social isolation)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804384/migration-and-changes-in-loneliness-over-a-4-year-period-the-case-of-older-former-soviet-union-immigrants-in-israel
#4
Pnina Dolberg, Sharon Shiovitz-Ezra, Liat Ayalon
Both older adult and immigrant populations are at a high risk of loneliness. The current research compares older veteran Israelis to older immigrants who arrived in Israel from the former Soviet Union (FSU) after 1989. Early studies have found high levels of loneliness among older FSU immigrants; however, little is known regarding changes in loneliness among this group over time. The present study examines change in loneliness among older FSU immigrants and older veteran Jewish Israelis and its potential predictors...
December 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795604/-lonely-within-the-mother-an-exploratory-study-of-first-time-mothers-experiences-of-loneliness
#5
Katharine Lee, Konstantina Vasileiou, Julie Barnett
Loneliness is associated with life transitions such as new motherhood, yet there are few studies investigating the issue in this population. Using data from semi-structured interviews and an interpretative phenomenological analysis, this exploratory study sought to understand seven new mothers' experiences of loneliness. Experiences were organised around three themes, reflecting loneliness arising from making unfavourable self-comparisons with perceived mothering 'norms', from reduced social contact and relationships lacking in empathy...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780420/childhood-adversity-social-support-networks-and-well-being-among-youth-aging-out-of-care-an-exploratory-study-of-mediation
#6
Eran P Melkman
The goals of the present study are to examine the relationship between childhood adversity and adult well-being among vulnerable young adults formerly placed in substitute care, and to investigate how characteristics of their social support networks mediate this association. A sample of 345 Israeli young adults (ages 18-25), who had aged out of foster or residential care, responded to standardized self-report questionnaires tapping their social support network characteristics (e.g., network size or adequacy) vis-à-vis several types of social support (emotional, practical, information and guidance), experiences of childhood adversity, and measures of well-being (psychological distress, loneliness, and life satisfaction)...
August 3, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776119/understanding-students-transition-to-high-school-demographic-variation-and-the-role-of-supportive-relationships
#7
Aprile D Benner, Alaina E Boyle, Farin Bakhtiari
The transition to high school is disruptive for many adolescents, yet little is known about the supportive relational processes that might attenuate the challenges students face as they move from middle to high school, particularly for students from more diverse backgrounds. Identifying potential buffers that protect youth across this critical educational transition is important for informing more effective support services for youth. In this study, we investigated how personal characteristics (gender, nativity, parent education level) and changes in support from family, friends, and school influenced changes in socioemotional adjustment and academic outcomes across the transition from middle to high school...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769852/loneliness-in-relation-to-depression-the-moderating-influence-of-a-polymorphism-of-the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gene-on-self-efficacy-and-coping-strategies
#8
Marc Bedard, Robbie Woods, Carly Crump, Hymie Anisman
Disturbances of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling, which may occur among those with a polymorphism of the Val66Met gene, comprising a Met substitution for the Val allele, may be associated with depressive cognitions. However, presumed elevated BDNF levels among individuals with the Val/Val genotype, might confer increased responsivity to contextual challenges, thus fostering vulnerability to depression. In Study 1, among undergraduate students (N = 252), increased loneliness perceptions were accompanied with depressive symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768554/letter-to-the-editor-is-poor-sleep-and-loneliness-linked-by-increased-use-of-technology
#9
B Carter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767331/unraveling-the-role-of-loneliness-in-depression-the-relationship-between-daily-life-experience-and-behavior
#10
Mark van Winkel, Marieke Wichers, Dina Collip, Nele Jacobs, Catherine Derom, Evert Thiery, Inez Myin-Germeys, Frenk Peeters
OBJECTIVE: Focusing on temporal associations between momentary (or state) loneliness, appraisal of social company, and being alone in daily life may help elucidate mechanisms that contribute to the development of prolonged (or trait) loneliness and major depressive disorder (MDD). We aim to examine if (a) a self-reinforcing loop between loneliness, negative appraisals of social company, and being alone in daily life may contribute to trait loneliness; (b) this possible self-reinforcing loop may also contribute to the development of MDD, by testing differences in temporal relationships between these social elements in participants who did or did not develop MDD during follow-up; and (c) any of these social elements at baseline predicted a MDD at follow-up...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767127/social-functioning-in-patients-with-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders
#11
I M J Saris, M Aghajani, S J A van der Werff, N J A van der Wee, B W J H Penninx
OBJECTIVE: Adaptive social functioning is severely impeded in depressive and anxiety disorders, even after remission. However, a comprehensive overview is still lacking. METHOD: Using data from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA), behavioural (network size, social activities, social support) and affective (loneliness, affiliation, perceived social disability) indicators of social functioning were analyzed in patients with anxiety (N = 540), depressive (N = 393), comorbid anxiety and depressive disorders ('comorbid', N = 748), remitted participants (N = 621), and healthy control subjects (N = 650)...
August 2, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767009/a-no-man-s-land-of-sex-reading-stephen-gordon-and-her-critics
#12
Katherine A Costello
One of the most read novels of lesbian, transgender, and queer criticism, Radclyffe Hall's novel The Well of Loneliness (1928) has given rise to numerous and contradictory interpretations of the protagonist Stephen Gordon's complex relationship to her body. Some have argued that she is a historically specific example of female masculinity, others that she is a lesbian who wishes she were more feminine, and others still that she is a prototypical transsexual character. Focusing on the exemplary essays by Jack Halberstam, Teresa de Lauretis, and Jay Prosser, I argue that the coexistence of mutually exclusive interpretations of Stephen Gordon's relationship to her femaleness suggests that the novel is, in fact, a demand to readers to unmoor identity from sex and to recognize what I call "sexual indeterminacy...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758507/changes-in-behaviors-and-outcomes-among-school-based-employees-in-a-wellness-program
#13
James LeCheminant, Ray M Merrill, Travis D Masterson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the health behavior changes and mental-health and job-related outcomes of school-based employees over 2 years while participating in a worksite wellness program. METHOD: All participants in this analysis (n = 1,873) were employees of a large public school district in the western United States and voluntarily enrolled in a comprehensive wellness program. Exercise level, fruit and vegetable consumption, restful sleep, smoking, alcohol consumption, self-rated health, mental health-related outcomes (stress, depression, life-satisfaction, and loneliness), and job-related outcomes (job performance, absenteeism, job-related satisfaction) are reported...
July 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755987/measuring-loneliness-are-there-method-factors
#14
EDITORIAL
Rafael J Engel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754027/illuminating-the-psychological-experience-of-elderly-loneliness-from-a-societal-perspective-a-qualitative-study-of-alienation-between-older-people-and-society
#15
Anna Wong, Anson K C Chau, Yang Fang, Jean Woo
Loneliness is a common experience among older people that is associated with health risks and negative well-being. As a psychological phenomenon, it has typically been defined in Western research literature as the discrepancy between desired and actual interpersonal relations. In our qualitative study in Hong Kong, we offer insight into ageing and loneliness in an urban environment of the non-Western world and propose to reconceptualise loneliness by exploring older people's experience of alienation at the societal level as an important but often neglected dimension of their loneliness...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752653/who-often-feels-lonely-a-cross-sectional-study-about-loneliness-and-its-related-factors-among-older-home-dwelling-people
#16
Solveig Tomstad, Bjørg Dale, Kari Sundsli, Hans Inge Saevareid, Ulrika Söderhamn
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of individuals who often feel lonely among a sample of Norwegian older home-dwelling people aged ≥65 years old, as well as to identify any possible factors explaining their loneliness. BACKGROUND: Loneliness is known to be common among older people. To identify those older adults who are lonely, and to acquire knowledge about the complexity of their loneliness, is important to provide them with adequate help and support...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749185/internalised-hiv-stigma-loneliness-depressive-symptoms-and-sleep-quality-in-people-living-with-hiv
#17
Erin M Fekete, Stacey L Williams, Matthew D Skinta
OBJECTIVE: People living with HIV (PLWH) commonly report sleep disturbances which are associated with long-term health consequences, including disease progression. PLWH also experience internalised stigma as a result of their HIV status, which can be associated with increased loneliness and depression. Little attention focuses on the impact of these factors on sleep. Therefore, we examined whether internalised HIV-stigma was indirectly related to poorer sleep quality through higher levels of loneliness and depressive symptoms...
July 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746501/social-ruptures-and-the-everyday-life-of-homeless-people-an-ethnographic-study
#18
Regina Célia Fiorati, Regina Yoneko Dakuzaku Carretta, Leonardo Martins Kebbe, Beatriz Lobato Cardoso, Joab Jefferson da Silva Xavier
Objective: To discover the generators of disruptions in social support networks and identify the everyday life and projects of life of homeless people. Method: Ethnographic study conducted between 2012 and 2013 in Ribeirão Preto -SP, Brazil. The participants were fifteen homeless people. Data were collected through video-recorded interviews addressing histories of life and a field diary. Data analysis was based on Habermas' Theory of Communicative Action. Results: Results revealed that the participants' families have faced inequalities for many generations and that everyday life is marked by violence and death, poverty and exclusion, disrupted social networks, loneliness, alcohol and drug consumption, and other socially determined diseases...
July 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741698/the-relationship-between-vision-impairment-and-well-being-among-centenarians-findings-from-the-georgia-centenarian-study
#19
Aya Toyoshima, Peter Martin, Shinichi Sato, Leonard W Poon
OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated the visual function among centenarians and assessed the relationship between vision, social support, and well-being. METHODS: This study used the data set of the Georgia Centenarian Study including 106 centenarians (18 men and 88 women). We used scores of the Snellen chart for objective vision and self-reports for subjective vision. Social support, depression, and loneliness were also assessed. RESULTS: Approximately 75% of the centenarians showed some level of objective visual impairment, and 56% of them reported that they had visual impairment...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740473/bonding-pictures-affective-ratings-are-specifically-associated-to-loneliness-but-not-to-empathy
#20
Heraldo D Silva, Rafaela R Campagnoli, Bruna Eugênia F Mota, Cássia Regina V Araújo, Roberta Sônia R Álvares, Izabela Mocaiber, Vanessa Rocha-Rego, Eliane Volchan, Gabriela G L Souza
Responding to pro-social cues plays an important adaptive role in humans. Our aims were (i) to create a catalog of bonding and matched-control pictures to compare the emotional reports of valence and arousal with the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) pictures; (ii) to verify sex influence on the valence and arousal of bonding and matched-control pictures; (iii) to investigate if empathy and loneliness traits exert a specific influence on emotional reports for the bonding pictures. To provide a finer tool for social interaction studies, the present work defined two new sets of pictures consisting of "interacting dyads" (Bonding: N = 70) and matched controls "non-interacting dyads" (Controls: N = 70)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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