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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528389/a-life-less-lonely-the-state-of-the-art-in-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-in-people-with-mental-health-problems
#1
REVIEW
Farhana Mann, Jessica K Bone, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Johanna Frerichs, Vanessa Pinfold, Ruimin Ma, Jingyi Wang, Sonia Johnson
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence of significant harmful effects of loneliness. Relatively little work has focused on how best to reduce loneliness in people with mental health problems. We aim to present an overview of the current state of the art in loneliness interventions in people with mental health problems, identify relevant challenges, and highlight priorities for future research and implementation. METHODS: A scoping review of the published and grey literature was conducted, as well as discussions with relevant experts, to propose a broad classification system for types of interventions targeting loneliness...
May 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515187/reducing-social-isolation-and-loneliness-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Filipa Landeiro, Paige Barrows, Ellen Nuttall Musson, Alastair M Gray, José Leal
INTRODUCTION: Social isolation and loneliness affect approximately one-third to one-half of the elderly population and have a negative impact on their physical and mental health. Group-based interventions where facilitators are well trained and where the elderly are actively engaged in their development seem to be more effective, but conclusions have been limited by weak study designs. We aim to conduct a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of health promotion interventions on social isolation or loneliness in older people...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511734/sleeping-with-one-eye-open-loneliness-and-sleep-quality-in-young-adults
#3
T Matthews, A Danese, A M Gregory, A Caspi, T E Moffitt, L Arseneault
BACKGROUND: Feelings of loneliness are common among young adults, and are hypothesized to impair the quality of sleep. In the present study, we tested associations between loneliness and sleep quality in a nationally representative sample of young adults. Further, based on the hypothesis that sleep problems in lonely individuals are driven by increased vigilance for threat, we tested whether past exposure to violence exacerbated this association. METHOD: Data were drawn from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a birth cohort of 2232 twins born in England and Wales in 1994 and 1995...
May 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509364/how-do-caregivers-understand-and-respond-to-unsettled-infant-behaviour-in-vietnam-a-qualitative-study
#4
L Murray, T Tran, V V Thang, L Cass, J Fisher
BACKGROUND: Unsettled infant behaviours are a common source of concern for new parents and have been associated with perinatal common mental disorders amongst women in high-income settings. There is little evidence about how unsettled infant behaviours are understood and managed in low and lower-middle income countries. This study aimed to describe caregivers' understandings of, and responses to, unsettled infant behaviours in Vietnam and their family caregiving contexts. METHODS: Women who were mothers of infants aged 0-6 months were purposively recruited from two sites in Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam (one urban and one rural)...
May 16, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504040/facebook-addiction-and-loneliness-in-the-post-graduate-students-of-a-university-in-southern-india
#5
Manoj Shettar, Ravichandra Karkal, Anil Kakunje, Rohan Dilip Mendonsa, Vv Mohan Chandran
BACKGROUND: Facebook is a social networking site (SNS) for communication, entertainment and information exchange. Recent research has shown that excessive use of Facebook can result in addictive behavior in some individuals. AIM: To assess the patterns of Facebook use in post-graduate students of Yenepoya University and evaluate its association with loneliness. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done to evaluate 100 post-graduate students of Yenepoya University using Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS) and University of California and Los Angeles (UCLA) loneliness scale version 3...
June 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497208/the-detrimental-effects-of-adolescents-chronic-loneliness-on-motivation-and-emotion-regulation-in-social-situations
#6
Janne Vanhalst, Koen Luyckx, Stijn Van Petegem, Bart Soenens
In adolescence, when establishing and maintaining satisfying social relationships is a key developmental task, chronic loneliness is related to a host of negative outcomes. This study aimed at examining motivational and regulatory factors related to chronic loneliness. Specifically, this study investigated chronically lonely adolescents' responses to hypothetical vignettes of social inclusion and exclusion, thereby focusing on (a) adolescents' willingness and motivation to approach social inclusion and (b) emotion regulation strategies to deal with social exclusion...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491918/the-studying-multiple-outcomes-after-aural-rehabilitative-treatment-study-study-design-and-baseline-results
#7
Lingsheng Li, Caitlin Blake, Yoon Sung, Barnett Shpritz, David Chen, Dane J Genther, Joshua Betz, Frank R Lin
Hearing loss may affect critical domains of health and functioning in older adults. This article describes the rationale and design of the Studying Multiple Outcomes After Aural Rehabilitative Treatment (SMART) study, which was developed to determine to what extent current hearing rehabilitative therapies could mitigate the effects of hearing loss on health outcomes. One hundred and forty-five patients ≥50 years receiving hearing aids (HA) or cochlear implants (CI) were recruited from the Johns Hopkins Department of Otolaryngology-HNS...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487648/regional-brain-volumes-moderate-but-do-not-mediate-the-effects-of-group-based-exercise-training-on-reductions-in-loneliness-in-older-adults
#8
Diane K Ehlers, Ana M Daugherty, Agnieszka Z Burzynska, Jason Fanning, Elizabeth A Awick, Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Arthur F Kramer, Edward McAuley
Introduction: Despite the prevalence of and negative health consequences associated with perceived loneliness in older adults, few studies have examined interactions among behavioral, psychosocial, and neural mechanisms. Research suggests that physical activity and improvements in perceived social support and stress are related to reductions in loneliness. Yet, the influence of brain structure on these changes is unknown. The present study examined whether change in regional brain volume mediated the effects of changes in social support and stress on change in perceived loneliness after an exercise intervention...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486077/loneliness-and-suicidal-risk-in-young-adults-does-believing-in-a-changeable-future-help-minimize-suicidal-risk-among-the-lonely
#9
Edward C Chang, Liangqiu Wan, Pengzi Li, Yuncheng Guo, Jiaying He, Yu Gu, Yingjie Wang, Xiaoqing Li, Zhan Zhang, Yingrui Sun, Casey N-H Batterbee, Olivia D Chang, Abigael G Lucas, Jameson K Hirsch
This study examined loneliness and future orientation as predictors of suicidal risk, namely, depressive symptoms and suicide ideation, in a sample of 228 college students (54 males and 174 females). Results of regression analyses indicated that loneliness was a significant predictor of both indices of suicidal risk. The inclusion of future orientation was found to significantly augment the prediction model of both depressive symptoms and suicide ideation, even after accounting for loneliness. Noteworthy, beyond loneliness and future orientation, the Loneliness × Future Orientation interaction term was found to further augment both prediction models of suicidal risk...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481571/examination-of-real-time-fluctuations-in-suicidal-ideation-and-its-risk-factors-results-from-two-ecological-momentary-assessment-studies
#10
Evan M Kleiman, Brianna J Turner, Szymon Fedor, Eleanor E Beale, Jeff C Huffman, Matthew K Nock
Two studies examined 2 important but previously unanswered questions about the experience of suicidal ideation: (a) How does suicidal ideation vary over short periods of time?, and (b) To what degree do risk factors for suicidal ideation vary over short periods and are such changes associated with changes in suicidal ideation? Participants in Study 1 were 54 adults who had attempted suicide in the previous year and completed 28 days of ecological momentary assessment (EMA; average of 2.51 assessments per day; 2,891 unique assessments)...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475931/keeping-secrets-from-friends-exploring-the-effects-of-friendship-quality-loneliness-and-self-esteem-on-secrecy
#11
Paola Corsano, Alessandro Musetti, Luca Caricati, Barbara Magnani
The tendency to keep secrets in adolescents has been studied in particular in their relationships with their parents and associated with psychosocial disadvantages. The current study focused on peer relationships and investigated the effects of friendship quality, loneliness in a multidimensional perspective, and self-esteem on secrecy from friends. Italian adolescents (N = 457; 47% male; 100% white) aged between 13 and 19 years (M = 16.11; SD = 1.53) reported their secrecy from friends, peer and parent-related loneliness, aversion and affinity for aloneness, their self-esteem and the quality of their relationships with their friends...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474134/developmental-change-in-loneliness-and-attitudes-toward-aloneness-in-adolescence
#12
Sofie Danneel, Marlies Maes, Janne Vanhalst, Patricia Bijttebier, Luc Goossens
Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to experiencing feelings of loneliness. Changes in different social contexts and the inability to cope with these changes can result in different types of loneliness. According to the multidimensional view on loneliness, loneliness can be experienced in relationships with peers and parents and can be placed in a broader perspective by taking into account attitudes toward aloneness (i.e., positive and negative). However, we do not yet know how loneliness and attitudes toward aloneness develop across adolescence...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472500/naturally-occurring-nonhuman-primate-models-of-psychosocial-processes
#13
John P Capitanio
Human research into psychological processes such as anxiety, depression, or loneliness typically involves accruing cases in which the phenomenon of interest is naturally occurring, and then comparing such a sample with control cases. In contrast, animal research designed to model similar processes to test mechanistic hypotheses typically involves inducing the phenomenon of interest via some exogenously (i.e., human) administered procedure. In the present review, the author proposes that naturally occurring animal models can complement induced models in understanding complex psychological phenomena...
May 2, 2017: ILAR Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471256/gender-differences-in-the-transmission-of-smoking-from-filipino-parents-to-their-offspring-the-role-of-parenting-school-climate-and-negative-emotions
#14
Dan Jerome Barrera
OBJECTIVE: This article examines gender differences in the transmission of smoking, and the role of parenting, school climate, and negative emotions in the parental smoking-adolescent smoking relationship. METHODS: The study used a nationally representative cross-sectional data on 5,290 Filipino secondary students. RESULTS: Results suggest that Filipino adolescents having parents who smoke, tend to smoke cigarettes. Maternal smoking affects both girls' and boys' smoking, but paternal smoking has no effect on both sexes...
May 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470161/-evolutionary-concept-analysis-of-spirituality
#15
Il Sun Ko, So Young Choi, Jin Sook Kim
PURPOSE: This study was done to clarify attributes, antecedents, and consequences of spirituality. METHODS: Rodgers's evolutionary concept analysis was used to analyze fifty seven studies from the literature related to spirituality as it appears in systematic literature reviews of theology, medicine, counseling & psychology, social welfare, and nursing. RESULTS: Spirituality was found to consist of two dimensions and eight attributes: 1) vertical dimension: 'intimacy and connectedness with God' and 'holy life and belief', 2) horizontal dimension: 'self-transcendence', 'meaning and purpose in life', 'self-integration', and 'self-creativity' in relationship with self, 'connectedness' and 'trust' in relationship with others·neighbors·nature...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469702/adolescent-health-and-subsequent-risk-of-self-harm-hospitalisation-a-15-year-follow-up-of-the-young-hunt-cohort
#16
Asbjørn Junker, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard, Ottar Bjerkeset
BACKGROUND: Self-harm is associated with increased suicide risk, and constitutes a major challenge in adolescent mental healthcare. In the current study, we examined the association between different aspects of adolescent health and risk of later self-harm requiring hospital admission. METHODS: We linked baseline information from 13 to 19 year old participants (n = 8965) in the Norwegian Young-HUNT 1 study to patient records of self-harm hospitalisation during 15 years of follow-up...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469589/experiences-of-loneliness-associated-with-being-an-informal-caregiver-a-qualitative-investigation
#17
Konstantina Vasileiou, Julie Barnett, Manuela Barreto, John Vines, Mark Atkinson, Shaun Lawson, Michael Wilson
Although providing care to a family member or friend may provide psychological benefits, informal (i.e., unpaid) caregivers also encounter difficulties which may negatively affect their quality of life as well as their mental and physical health. Loneliness is one important challenge that caregivers face, with this psychological state being associated with morbidity and premature mortality. Although previous research has identified loneliness as an issue associated with being an informal caregiver, there is a paucity of evidence that attempts to understand this phenomenon in depth...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468746/meeting-the-needs-of-mothers-during-the-postpartum-period-using-co-creation-workshops-to-find-technological-solutions
#18
Justine Slomian, Patrick Emonts, Lara Vigneron, Alessandro Acconcia, Jean-Yves Reginster, Mina Oumourgh, Olivier Bruyère
BACKGROUND: The postnatal period is associated with many new needs for mothers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to find technological solutions that meet the needs of mothers during the year following childbirth. METHODS: Two co-creation workshops were undertaken with parents and professionals. The aim of the first workshop was to create a list of all the criteria the proposed solution would have to address to meet the needs of mothers after childbirth...
May 3, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449673/the-association-between-social-support-and-physical-activity-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Gabrielle Lindsay Smith, Lauren Banting, Rochelle Eime, Grant O'Sullivan, Jannique G Z van Uffelen
BACKGROUND: The promotion of active and healthy ageing is becoming increasingly important as the population ages. Physical activity (PA) significantly reduces all-cause mortality and contributes to the prevention of many chronic illnesses. However, the proportion of people globally who are active enough to gain these health benefits is low and decreases with age. Social support (SS) is a social determinant of health that may improve PA in older adults, but the association has not been systematically reviewed...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448246/pornography-use-and-loneliness-a-bi-directional-recursive-model-and-pilot-investigation
#20
Mark H Butler, Samuel A Pereyra, Thomas W Draper, Nathan D Leonhardt, Kevin B Skinner
Sexuality is presumptively and observably a powerful core element of the human pair-bond relationship. Technological advances of the last half-century have made media a dominant cultural and developmental presence, including scripting sexual relationship attitudes and behavior. Theoretically and empirically, we examine loneliness as it relates to pornography use in terms of pornography's relational scripting and its addictive potential. Empirically, we examine the associative nature between pornography use and loneliness using a measurement model and two structural equation models where pornography use and loneliness are regressed on each other, respectively...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
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