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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728466/pain-as-a-risk-factor-for-loneliness-among-older-adults
#1
Kerstin Emerson, Ian Boggero, Glenn Ostir, Jayani Jayawardhana
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this is to examine whether pain is associated with the onset of loneliness in a sample of community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: We used data from the 2008 and 2012 Health and Retirement Study. We limited the sample to community-dwelling persons aged 60 years and over who were not lonely in 2008 in order to predict the risk of onset of loneliness (incidence) in 2012. Our analytic sample included 1,563 observations. RESULTS: Approximately 31...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724471/what-influences-diet-quality-in-older-people-a-qualitative-study-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-from-the-hertfordshire-cohort-study-uk
#2
Ilse Bloom, Wendy Lawrence, Mary Barker, Janis Baird, Elaine Dennison, Avan Aihie Sayer, Cyrus Cooper, Sian Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To explore influences on diet in a group of community-dwelling older adults in the UK. DESIGN: Data were collected through focus group discussions with older people; discussions were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and transcripts analysed thematically. SETTING: Hertfordshire, UK. SUBJECTS: Participants were sampled purposively from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study, focusing on those whose diets had been assessed at two time points: 1998-2001 and 2011...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724399/health-needs-access-to-healthcare-and-perceptions-of-ageing-in-an-urbanizing-community-in-india-a-qualitative-study
#3
Nandita Bhan, Pavitra Madhira, Arundati Muralidharan, Bharati Kulkarni, Gvs Murthy, Sanjay Basu, Sanjay Kinra
BACKGROUND: India's elderly population is rising at an unprecedented rate, with a majority living in rural areas. Health challenges associated with ageing, changing social networks and limited public health infrastructure are issues faced by the elderly and caregivers. We examined perceptions of health needs of the elderly across local stakeholders in an urbanizing rural area. METHODS: The qualitative study was conducted among participants in the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study (APCAPS) site in Rangareddy district, Telangana...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721675/callous-unemotional-traits-are-uniquely-associated-with-poorer-peer-functioning-in-school-aged-children
#4
Sarah M Haas, Stephen P Becker, Jeffery N Epstein, Paul J Frick
This study examines externalizing symptoms (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], conduct problems, and callous-unemotional [CU] traits) in relation to domains of peer functioning (social competence, loneliness, and close friendship quality), with a specific focus on the role of CU traits. One hundred twenty-four elementary students (grades 3-6; 45% boys) completed multiple measures of peer functioning, and teachers completed measures of externalizing symptoms and social competence. After controlling for demographic variables and other externalizing symptoms, CU traits were significantly associated with poorer peer functioning across all variables except for demands of exclusivity in close friendships...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718757/the-impact-of-dispositional-variables-of-elders-relatives-and-paid-caregivers-on-elders-empowerment-and-life-satisfaction
#5
Manuela Tomai, Lina Pezzuti, Minou Mebane, Maura Benedetti, Annalisa Moro
Background/Study Context: The impact of dispositional characteristic of elders' closest network members on elders' life satisfaction and empowerment has remained largely unexplored. This innovative study aimed to assess the impact of dispositional variables of elders, relatives, and paid caregivers on life satisfaction and empowerment of elders. METHODS: One hundred forty-three triads (one elder, one paid caregiver, and one relative) completed six scales measuring modifiable personality characteristics (loneliness, optimism, regulation of positive and negative emotions), life satisfaction, and sense of empowerment...
July 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715478/loneliness-is-adversely-associated-with-physical-and-mental-health-and-lifestyle-factors-results-from-a-swiss-national-survey
#6
Aline Richard, Sabine Rohrmann, Caroline L Vandeleur, Margareta Schmid, Jürgen Barth, Monika Eichholzer
INTRODUCTION: Loneliness is a common, emotionally distressing experience and is associated with adverse physical and mental health and an unhealthy lifestyle. Nevertheless, little is known about the prevalence of loneliness in different age groups in Switzerland. Furthermore, the existing evidence about age and gender as potential effect modifiers of the associations between loneliness, physical and mental health and lifestyle characteristics warrants further investigation. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of loneliness among adults in Switzerland and to assess the associations of loneliness with several physical and mental health and behavioral factors, as well as to assess the modifying effect of sex and age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714893/loneliness-insomnia-and-suicidal-behavior-among-school-going-adolescents-in-western-pacific-island-countries-role-of-violence-and-injury
#7
Bimala Sharma, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
This study aimed to examine whether being bullied, fighting, and injury, regarded in terms of frequency and nature, were significantly associated with psychological distress and suicidal behavior, independent of substance abuse and parental support in adolescents. Secondary analysis of data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey from Kiribati, the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu was conducted. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association of being bullied, fighting and injury with psychological health outcomes (loneliness, insomnia, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt) at a 5% level of significance...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714734/being-disconnected-from-life-meanings-of-existential-loneliness-as-narrated-by-frail-older-people
#8
Marina Sjöberg, Ingela Beck, Birgit H Rasmussen, Anna-Karin Edberg
OBJECTIVES: This study illuminated the meanings of existential loneliness (EL) as narrated by frail older people. METHOD: Data were collected through individual narrative interviews with 23 people 76-101 years old receiving long-term care and services. A phenomenological hermeneutical analysis was performed, including a naïve reading and two structural analyses as a basis for a comprehensive understanding of EL. RESULT: Four themes were identified related to meanings of EL: (1) being trapped in a frail and deteriorating body; (2) being met with indifference; (3) having nobody to share life with; and (4) lacking purpose and meaning...
July 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714436/development-and-validation-of-the-caring-loneliness-scale
#9
Liisa Karhe, Marja Kaunonen, Anna-Maija Koivisto
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Caring Loneliness Scale (CARLOS) includes 5 categories derived from earlier qualitative research. This article assesses the reliability and construct validity of a scale designed to measure patient experiences of loneliness in a professional caring relationship. METHODS: Statistical analysis with 4 different sample sizes included Cronbach's alpha and exploratory factor analysis with principal axis factoring extraction. RESULTS: The sample size of 250 gave the most useful and comprehensible structure, but all 4 samples yielded underlying content of loneliness experiences...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714221/social-participation-among-older-adults-55-results-of-a-survey-in-the-region-of-south-limburg-in-the-netherlands
#10
Nicole Curvers, Milena Pavlova, KlaasJan Hajema, Wim Groot, Federica Angeli
Social participation may improve the health and well-being of older adults, and may increase the social and human capacity of their communities. This study investigates the level and forms of social participation among older adults (aged 55 years or older) in the region of South Limburg, the Netherlands, and their association with socio-demographic and health-related characteristics. The study provides evidence that can be used by policy makers to enhance social participation in the region. We use cross-sectional data collected in a survey in 2012 among a sample of older adults (aged 55 years or older) representative for the region of South Limburg...
July 16, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713687/group-psychological-intervention-for-maternal-depression-a-nested-qualitative-study-from-karachi-pakistan
#11
Nusrat Husain, Nasim Chaudhry, Christine Furber, Hina Fayyaz, Tayyeba Kiran, Farah Lunat, Raza Ur Rahman, Saira Farhan, Batool Fatima
AIM: To understand the experience of maternal depression, the factors implicated in accessing health, and the acceptability of the psychosocial intervention. METHODS: The participants were recruited from the paediatrics outpatient department of Civil Hospital Karachi, Pakistan. The study started in December 2009 and completed in December 2010. Women with maternal depression, aged 18-44 years with children aged 0-30 mo who had received nutritional supplements, and participated in the intervention programme [called Learning through Play (LTP) plus] were included in the study...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711397/birth-stories-from-south-africa-voices-unheard
#12
Marie Hastings-Tolsma, Anna G W Nolte, Annie Temane
BACKGROUND: The manner that birth events unfold can have a lasting impact on women. Giving voice to women's experiences is key in the creation of care that embodies humanistic, family-centred service. AIM: The aim of this research was to describe the experiences of women receiving care during childbirth. METHODS: The design was qualitative and descriptive using thematic analysis to analyse women's birth stories. A purposive sample of women (N=12) who had recently given birth in South Africa was selected...
July 12, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711116/results-of-a-pilot-study-to-ameliorate-psychological-and-behavioral-outcomes-of-minority-stress-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men
#13
Nathan Grant Smith, Trevor A Hart, Ammaar Kidwai, Julia R G Vernon, Martin Blais, Barry Adam
Project PRIDE (Promoting Resilience In Discriminatory Environments) is an 8-session small group intervention aimed at reducing negative mental and behavioral health outcomes resulting from minority stress. This study reports the results of a one-armed pilot test of Project PRIDE, which aimed to examine the feasibility and potential for efficacy of the intervention in a sample of 33 gay and bisexual men aged 18 to 25. The intervention appeared feasible to administer in two different sites and all participants who completed posttreatment (n = 22) or follow-up (n = 19) assessments reported high satisfaction with the intervention...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707520/who-are-the-lonely-a-typology-of-loneliness-in-new-zealand
#14
Hannah Hawkins-Elder, Taciano L Milfont, Matthew D Hammond, Chris G Sibley
BACKGROUND: Loneliness has many negative physical and mental health ramifications and is most prevalent among vulnerable social groups. However, little is known about how loneliness is grouped within the population and the characteristics of those groups. METHODS: We conducted a Latent Profile Analysis on 18,264 participants from the fifth wave of the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study to identify the number of distinct loneliness profiles in the population...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694690/social-participation-and-perceived-depression-among-elderly-population-in-south-africa
#15
Gang Hao, Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Changping Nie, Lu Ji, Rui Huang
There is a growing consensus regarding the influence of various psychosocial factors such as degree of social participation on health and disease outcomes, quality of life, and general well-being. Older individuals with diminished motor and physical functionality suffer a heightened risk of social exclusion and loneliness. Previous studies have demonstrated the association between social exclusion and loneliness with mental health among the older population. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether or not difficulty in social participation has any relationship with perceived depression among older individuals in South Africa...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693445/older-persons-existential-loneliness-as-interpreted-by-their-significant-others-an-interview-study
#16
Helena Larsson, Margareta Rämgård, Ingrid Bolmsjö
BACKGROUND: In order to better understand people in demanding medical situations, an awareness of existential concerns is important. Studies performed over the last twenty years conclude that when dying and death come closer, as in the case with older people who are stricken by infirmity and diseases, existential concerns will come to the fore. However, studies concerning experiences of existential loneliness (EL) are sparse and, in addition, there is no clear definition of EL. EL is described as a complex phenomenon and referred to as a condition of life, an experience, and a process of inner growth...
July 10, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692781/depression-as-a-risk-factor-of-organic-diseases-an-international-integrative-review
#17
Teodora Bica, Ruth Castelló, Loren L Toussaint, Pilar Montesó-Curto
PURPOSE AND DESIGN: This integrative review offers a systematic synthesis of the international literature regarding the role of depression as a risk factor in physical illnesses and the mechanisms of this connection. Special attention is paid to those modifiable factors. FINDINGS: Published studies of depression and physical illness and disease(N = 24) from five countries that were indexed in PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), APA PsycNET, Scopus, Dialnet, and CUIDEN were examined...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688505/structural-equation-model-of-smartphone-addiction-based-on-adult-attachment-theory-mediating-effects-of-loneliness-and-depression
#18
EunYoung Kim, Inhyo Cho, Eun Joo Kim
PURPOSE: This study investigated the mediating effects of loneliness and depression on the relationship between adult attachment and smartphone addiction in university students. METHODS: A total of 200 university students participated in this study. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and structural equation modeling. RESULTS: There were significant positive relationships between attachment anxiety, loneliness, depression, and smartphone addiction...
June 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686099/perspectives-on-the-risks-for-older-adults-living-independently
#19
Didi Verver, Hanneke Merten, Paul Robben, Cordula Wagner
Insight into risks concerning older adults living independently from their own perspective and their care provider's perspective is essential to address issues that may threaten their independent living. The most often mentioned perceived risks by older adults and their care providers in different regions in the Netherlands were: loneliness, falls, budget cuts in Dutch long-term care and not being able to call for help. The different perspectives of the respondents show a wide variety in risks, but also some similarities...
July 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685951/gender-differences-in-the-correlates-of-loneliness-among-japanese-persons-aged-50-70
#20
Thijs van den Broek
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore gender differences in the correlates of loneliness among Japanese persons aged 50-70. METHODS: Logistic regression models were estimated on cross-sectional Japanese Generations and Gender Survey data of 4057 persons aged 50-70. Loneliness was measured as having a score of 2 or higher on the shortened De Jong Gierveld loneliness scale. RESULTS: For more than half of the respondents, De Jong Gierveld loneliness scores exceeded the threshold of 2...
July 7, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
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