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Alycia Chin, Amanda Markey, Saurabh Bhargava, Karim S Kassam, George Loewenstein
We report new evidence on the emotional, demographic, and situational correlates of boredom from a rich experience sample capturing 1.1 million emotional and time-use reports from 3,867 U.S. adults. Subjects report boredom in 2.8% of the 30-min sampling periods, and 63% of participants report experiencing boredom at least once across the 10-day sampling period. We find that boredom is more likely to co-occur with negative, rather than positive, emotions, and is particularly predictive of loneliness, anger, sadness, and worry...
October 24, 2016: Emotion
Jill N Peltzer, Lisa Ogawa, Susan Tusher, Rose Farnan, Mary M Gerkovich
HIV-infected individuals are at risk for psychological distress, including depression, sadness, and suicidality. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to examine 22 HIV-infected African American women's experiences of psychological distress and use of coping strategies. Data were collected through in-person one-on-one interviews until conceptual saturation was reached. Data were analyzed using inductive content analysis. Four themes were found: (a) psychoemotional suffering, (b) contextual factors negatively influence the everydayness of living with HIV infection, (c) HIV-related stigma perpetuates isolation and loneliness, and (d) creating a safe haven...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
Tsubasa Furuhashi, Kazuichi Sakamoto
Autonomic nervous system (ANS) imbalances are involved in the etiology of cancer, allergy, and collagen diseases. Previously, we hypothesized that FoxO and HSF-1 limit autonomic stress responses via negative feedback on the ANS. Here, we evaluated the role of AKT, a negative regulator of FoxO, during activation of the ANS by loneliness stress in mice. Spontaneous motility was increased during loneliness stress and decreased after release from stress. The AKT activator SC79 attenuated stress-induced spontaneous motility, whereas the AKT inhibitor API-2 prevented decreases in motility after stress release...
October 18, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Nathaniel Andrew, Suzanne Meeks
OBJECTIVES: Person-centered care constructs such as fulfilled preferences, sense of control, and life satisfaction might contribute to loneliness among nursing home residents, but these relationships have not been thoroughly explored. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between fulfilled preferences and loneliness in nursing home residents with perceived control and life satisfaction as potential mediators. METHODS: The study utilized a cross-sectional design, examining the targeted variables with a questionnaire administered by trained research staff...
October 21, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
Sinead M Kearns, Ann-Marie Creaven
Loneliness is the distressing feeling accompanying the perception that one's social needs are not being met by one's social relationships. Conceptual models point to a role for cognitive factors in this experience. Because research on determinants of loneliness is sparse, this study investigates associations between individual differences in emotion regulation (ER) and loneliness. Participants (N = 116) completed measures of loneliness, and a vignette-based measure of adaptive and maladaptive ER in response to positive and negative scenarios...
October 20, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Nora K Horick, Adoma Manful, Jan Lowery, Susan Domchek, Patricia Moorman, Constance Griffin, Kala Visvanathan, Claudine Isaacs, Anita Y Kinney, Dianne M Finkelstein
PURPOSE: Registries provide a unique tool for tracking quality of life in rare cancer survivors, whose survivorship experience is less known than for common cancers. This paper reports on these outcomes in 321 patients enrolled in the Rare Cancer Genetics Registry diagnosed with rare gastrointestinal, genitourinary, gynecologic, sarcoma, head/neck, or hematologic cancers. METHODS: Four outcomes were assessed, reflecting registrants' self-reported physical and mental health, psychological distress, and loneliness...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Theresa Pauly, Jennifer C Lay, Urs M Nater, Stacey B Scott, Christiane A Hoppmann
BACKGROUND: Spending time alone constitutes a ubiquitous part of our everyday lives. As we get older, alone time increases. Less is known, however, about age differences in the experience of spending time alone (momentary solitude). OBJECTIVES: We examined time-varying associations between momentary solitude, affect quality, and two hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity markers [salivary cortisol; dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAs)] to better understand the affective and biological correlates of momentary solitude across the adult life span...
October 20, 2016: Gerontology
Michael Bursztyn, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jeremy Jacobs, Jochanan Stessman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence, characteristics, and association with mortality of orthostatic hypertension (OHYPER) amongst the oldest old. DESIGN AND METHOD: Two waves from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study of community dwelling residents born in 1920-21 were examined at age of 85 (n = 1004), and 90 (n = 437). Sitting blood pressure (BP) was measured three times on two occasions, averaged and compared to 1 minute standing BP. OHYPER, orthostatic hypotension (OHYPO) or normotension (ONT) were classified if the difference of standing-sitting SBP either increased or decreased by ≥20mmHg, or not...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Liesbeth De Donder, Gert Lang, José Ferreira-Alves, Bridget Penhale, Ilona Tamutiene, Minna-Liisa Luoma
This article examines the ecological risk factors of abuse against older women. Data from 2,880 older women were randomly collected in five European countries (Austria, Belgium, Finland, Lithuania, and Portugal) using a standardized questionnaire. Results indicate that overall 30.1 % older women had at least one experience of abuse in the past year. The findings demonstrate that a single emphasis on personal risk factors (e.g., health, coping) is important but too simple: Abuse is multifaceted and is embedded in environmental (e...
2016: Journal of Women & Aging
Gabriel Macasiray Garcia, Butch de Castro
This study explored how unique environmental conditions in Alaska influenced occupational health and safety for Filipino fish processing workers, many of whom migrated from warm locations (e.g., the Philippines, California, and Nevada). In-depth interviews were conducted with 26 Filipino workers in one commercial fish processing company in Dutch Harbor. Results indicated that cold weather interferes with workers' job performance, increasing their risk for injury and illness, whereas the community's isolation and rural nature causes loneliness and boredom, resulting in more high-risk behaviors...
October 11, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Andrew Dillon, Ladislav Timulak, Leslie S Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pattern of change in emotional states over a course of emotion-focused therapy using the model of sequential emotional processing as an initial framework for analysis. METHOD: This was a single case study observational design examining 15 sessions of therapy with one client. A qualitative analysis of moment-to-moment shifts in client emotional events was conducted. This conceptualised the interplay between experienced emotions using the sequential emotional processing model as an interpretative framework...
October 11, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Fabien Trémeau, Daniel Antonius, Dolores Malaspina, Donald C Goff, Daniel C Javitt
Social attachment is a biological and affective need. When this need is not met, people experience loneliness. Loneliness is associated with impaired social cognition, and is a risk factor for broad based morbidity across the adult lifespan even after controlling for multiple factors. However, little is known about loneliness in schizophrenia. Eighty-seven non-depressed individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (including 51 inpatients) and 58 control subjects completed the revised UCLA Loneliness scale...
September 26, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Erin Hoare, Karen Milton, Charlie Foster, Steven Allender
BACKGROUND: With technological developments and modernised sedentary lifestyles has come an increase in diseases associated with inactivity such as obesity and other non-communicable diseases. Emerging evidence suggests that time spent sedentary may also interact with mental health. This systematic review examined the associations between sedentary behaviour and mental health problems among adolescents. METHODS: This systematic review followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, and applied a quality assessment tool for quantitative studies to identity best available evidence...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Trish Hafford-Letchfield, Nicky Lambert, Ellouise Long, Dominique Brady
Greater longevity in the UK population has led to the increasing diversity of women experiencing aging in a multitude of ways. Internationally, gender inequalities in aging are still relatively invisible within both government policy and everyday life for particular groups of women. This article explores the concept of women growing older "solo"-by which we mean women who find themselves nonpartnered and aging without children as they move into later life. We report on the findings from a mixed-methods survey of 76 solo women in the UK aged 50 years and over, used to provide a broader overview of the issues and challenges they face as they move into later life...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
Na Zhang, Fu-Min Fan, Si-Yuan Huang, Marcus A Rodriguez
Loneliness has been found to predict a wide range of physical and mental health problems. It is suggested that China's One-Child Policy places young Chinese people at a particularly high risk for loneliness. Although loneliness is most prevalent in late adolescence and early adulthood, interventions have primarily targeted children or older adults with limited success. The current study examines a pilot randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness training program among Chinese college students. Participants with elevated loneliness (N = 50, ages 17-25) were randomized into either an 8-week mindfulness training or a control group...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Tamara Sims, Andrew E Reed, Dawn C Carr
OBJECTIVES: Older adults often prioritize socially meaningful goals over informational goals. Thus, we predicted that using information and communication technology (ICT) in service of socially meaningful versus informational goals relates to higher well-being among the oldest-old. METHOD: We surveyed 445 adults aged 80+ (mean = 84, range = 80-93; 64% female; 26% non-White) online or via telephone. Participants reported motivations for ICT use (connect with others, learn new information) and rated their psychological and physical well-being (i...
October 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Ida Odh, Martina Löfving, Kicki Klaeson
PURPOSE: In Sweden, approximately 500 people between the ages of 15 and 39 are diagnosed with cancer each year. When someone is diagnosed with a life-threatening disease, existential issues are easily triggered. Young adults are in a developmental phase of life and are exposed to an extra amount of pressure. The Internet and social media are a daily part of the life of young adults and the use of blogs is common. The aim of this study was to elucidate the theoretical framework of Yalom and his four 'givens' expressed in blogs written by young adults living with various cancer diagnoses in Sweden...
October 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
Jaak Panksepp
During the past half century of research with preclinical animal models, affective neuroscience has helped identify and illuminate the functional neuroanatomies and neurochemistries of seven primary process, i.e., genetically provided emotional systems of mammalian brains. All are subcortically localized, allowing animal models to guide the needed behavioral and neuroscientific analyses at levels of detail that cannot be achieved through human research, including modern brain imaging. They consist of the following neuronal processes: SEEKING/Enthusiasm, RAGE/Anger, FEAR/Anxiety, sexual LUST/Passion, maternal CARE/Nurturance, separation-distress PANIC/Grief and PLAY/Social Joy...
October 2, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
Heqing Huang, Yanchun Liu, Xiaocen Liu
Although, previous studies show overwhelming evidence that loneliness is negatively correlated with prosocial behavior, some theories and research have implied that under certain situations, loneliness plays a positive role in an individual's social functioning. The two studies reported in this article examined loneliness and its associations with prosocial behavior in Chinese adults using subjective reporting and experimental design. Study 1 examined 305 Chinese adults (175 males) using the Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale for Adults and the Prosocial Tendencies Measure to evaluate their loneliness and prosocial tendencies...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Nooshin Razani, Michael A Kohn, Nancy M Wells, Doug Thompson, Hanna Hamilton Flores, George W Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Contact with nature improves human health; stress reduction is a mediating pathway. Stay Healthy in Nature Everyday (SHINE) is a stress reduction and health promotion intervention for low-income families at an urban Federally Qualified Health Center. We plan to evaluate two service-delivery models for SHINE and present here the intervention design and evaluation protocol. METHODS: Behavioral change theory and environmental education literature informed the intervention...
September 29, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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