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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637195/at-issue-social-disconnection-in-schizophrenia-and-the-general-community
#1
Michael F Green, William P Horan, Junghee Lee, Amanda McCleery, L Felice Reddy, Jonathan K Wynn
Social disability is a defining characteristic of schizophrenia and a substantial public health problem. It has several components that are difficult to disentangle. One component, social disconnection, occurs extensively in the general community among nonhelp-seeking individuals. Social disconnection is an objective, long-standing lack of social/family relationships and minimal participation in social activities. It is associated with negative health effects, including early mortality, and is distinct from subjective loneliness...
June 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632495/sad-and-lonely-body-dissatisfaction-among-adolescent-girls
#2
Renata Forste, Marina Potter, Lance Erickson
Purpose To further understand the association between body dissatisfaction and sadness/loneliness among adolescent girls, we examine how this association, as reported by pre-teen and adolescent girls, is mediated or moderated by the quality of peer and family relationships. Methods Our data are from the Health Behavior of School-Aged Children 2009-2010, a nationally representative survey of school-aged children in the US. We analyze a sample of 5658 girls in Grades 5 through 10. We utilize ordinary least squares (OLS) regression techniques and adjust for the complex sampling design...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632091/a-phenomenological-study-of-romantic-love-for-women-in-late-life
#3
Teresa J Moore, Joanni L Sailor
Romantic love in late life is often beneficial, though not without challenges. Financial concerns and objections of adult children can interfere with a late-life individual's decision to commit to a romantic relationship. In this study, the experience of romantic love for women who enter committed relationships in later life was examined. Fourteen women between the ages of 65 and 84 who had lived the experience of romantic love in late life were interviewed. By using Moustakas's qualitative Transcendental Phenomenological method, several themes emerged to provide a description of the phenomena...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626828/contribution-of-risk-factors-to-excess-mortality-in-isolated-and-lonely-individuals-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-uk-biobank-cohort-study
#4
Marko Elovainio, Christian Hakulinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Marianna Virtanen, Kim Josefsson, Markus Jokela, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: The associations of social isolation and loneliness with premature mortality are well known, but the risk factors linking them remain unclear. We sought to identify risk factors that might explain the increased mortality in socially isolated and lonely individuals. METHODS: We used prospective follow-up data from the UK Biobank cohort study to assess self-reported isolation (a three-item scale) and loneliness (two questions). The main outcomes were all-cause and cause-specific mortality...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624964/relations-between-executive-functions-social-impairment-and-friendship-quality-on-adjustment-among-high-functioning-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Rebecca W Lieb, Amy M Bohnert
High functioning adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often have adjustment difficulties, specifically loneliness and depression. To better understand contributing factors, the current study evaluated associations between several Executive Function (EF) domains, social impairment, and friendship quality on depressive symptoms and loneliness in this population. Participants included 127 high functioning ASD adolescents and a parent/caregiver. Results indicated significant levels of parent-reported EF impairment which were positively correlated with increased levels of loneliness and depressive symptoms...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622031/time-spent-on-social-network-sites-and-psychological-well-being-a-meta-analysis
#6
Chiungjung Huang
This meta-analysis examines the relationship between time spent on social networking sites and psychological well-being factors, namely self-esteem, life satisfaction, loneliness, and depression. Sixty-one studies consisting of 67 independent samples involving 19,652 participants were identified. The mean correlation between time spent on social networking sites and psychological well-being was low at r = -0.07. The correlations between time spent on social networking sites and positive indicators (self-esteem and life satisfaction) were close to 0, whereas those between time spent on social networking sites and negative indicators (depression and loneliness) were weak...
June 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620544/-i-am-anxious-and-desperate-psychological-experiences-of-women-with-infertility-in-the-greater-accra-region-ghana
#7
Ernestina S Donkor, Florence Naab, Deborah Y Kussiwaah
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that infertility affects millions of couples worldwide. Infertility is considered one of the most difficult life experiences and can result in psychological consequences for couples, especially for women. The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological experiences of women with infertility. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory descriptive approach was used to conduct in-depth interviews. The psychological component of the bio-psychosocial model was used as a guiding framework to understand the experiences of women with infertility...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612654/a-qualitative-comparison-of-dsm-depression-criteria-to-language-used-by-older-church-going-african-americans
#8
Esther Akinyemi, Daphne C Watkins, Janet Kavanagh, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Shana Lynn, Helen C Kales
OBJECTIVE: Depression in late life is associated with substantial suffering, disability, suicide risk, and decreased health-related quality of life. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), a depression diagnosis is derived from a constellation of symptoms that may be described differently by different people. For example, the DSM language may be inadequate in capturing these symptoms in certain populations such as African-Americans, whose rates of depression misdiagnosis is high...
June 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610751/what-are-we-talking-about-constructions-of-loneliness-among-older-people-in-the-swedish-news-press
#9
Axel Agren
Loneliness among older people is an issue that engages the general public and various professions and organizations in contemporary Swedish society. One public arena where this engagement is particularly evident is within the Swedish news-press, where articles on loneliness among older people are frequently published. Loneliness is commonly perceived as significantly related to ageing and older people. In addition, the mass media is considered to have a crucial influence in shaping general perceptions of older people...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604014/unobserved-heterogeneity-in-response-to-treatment-for-depression-through-videoconference
#10
Derek J Smolenski, Larry D Pruitt, Simona Vuletic, David D Luxton, Gregory Gahm
OBJECTIVE: This study examined treatment response heterogeneity in a recent randomized controlled trial of treatment for depression using videoconferencing technology compared to traditional in-office care. METHOD: Growth mixture modeling was used to identify subgroups of individuals in the trial based on treatment response trajectories. Demographic and baseline characteristics were included to identify correlates of subgroup membership. RESULTS: There were two subgroups based on the trajectories of the Beck Hopelessness Scale...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600999/how-do-risk-factors-affect-bereavement-outcomes-in-later-life-an-exploration-of-the-mediating-role-of-dual-process-coping
#11
Suqin Tang, Amy Y M Chow
This study is an exploratory study that aims to examine the mediating role of dual process coping in the relationship between risk factors and bereavement outcomes. A total of 178 Hong Kong Chinese bereaved older adults reported their bereavement-related information, dual process coping (Dual Coping Inventory, DCI), complicated grief (Inventory of Complicated Grief; ICG), depression (Geriatric Depression Scale, GDS) and loneliness (De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale, DJG) in face-to-face structured interviews...
June 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600855/predicting-future-major-depression-and-persistent-depressive-symptoms-development-of-a-prognostic-screener-and-phq4-cutoffs-in-breast-cancer-patients
#12
Karen L Weihs, Joshua F Wiley, Catherine M Crespi, Jennifer L Krull, Annette L Stanton
OBJECTIVE: Create a brief, self-report screener for recently diagnosed breast cancer patients to identify patients at risk of future depression. METHODS: Breast cancer patients (N = 410) within 2 ± 1 months after diagnosis provided data on depression vulnerability (DV). Depression outcomes were defined as a high depressive symptom trajectory or a major depressive episode during 16 months after diagnosis. Stochastic gradient boosting of regression trees identified seven items highly predictive for the depression outcomes from a pool of 219 candidate DV items...
June 9, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594874/a-comparative-analysis-of-suicide-attempts-in-left-behind-children-and-non-left-behind-children-in-rural-china
#13
Hongjuan Chang, Qiuge Yan, Lina Tang, Juan Huang, Yuqiao Ma, Xiaozhou Ye, Yizhen Yu
To estimate the prevalence of suicide attempts and explore the shared and unique factors influencing suicide risk in left-behind children (LBC) and non-left-behind children (NLBC) in rural China, this study collected data using a multi-stage cluster random sampling method from 13,952 children including 6,034 LBC and 7,918 NLBC. Sociodemographic characteristics, suicide attempts, neglect and physical abuse, negative life events, and loneliness were measured by self-reported questionnaires. Data were analyzed using logistic regression models...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593529/bisexual-specific-minority-stressors-psychological-distress-and-suicidality-in-bisexual-individuals-the-mediating-role-of-loneliness
#14
Ethan H Mereish, Sabra L Katz-Wise, Julie Woulfe
Bisexual individuals are at higher risk for poor mental health outcomes compared to heterosexual as well as lesbian and gay individuals and experience minority stressors, such as discrimination, from both heterosexual and sexual minority communities. However, there is little research examining the negative effects of bisexual-specific minority stressors on bisexual individuals' mental health as well as psychological factors that might help explain minority stressors' deleterious effects. This research examined the effects of distal minority stressors (i...
June 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587755/empathy-loneliness-burnout-and-life-satisfaction-in-chilean-nurses-of-palliative-care-and-homecare-services
#15
Magdalena Marilaf Caro, Montserrat San-Martín, Roberto Delgado-Bolton, Luis Vivanco
INTRODUCTION: Empathy has been described as an essential competence of healthcare professionals who are working in palliative care and homecare services. In these services, usually accompanied by a high risk of physical and emotional burnout, empathy can play an important role in the improvement of occupational wellbeing. The aim of this study was to confirm the role of empathy in the prevention of loneliness and burn out, and in the promotion of life satisfaction. METHODS: In 2016, an observational study was carried out in Chile with professional nurses who were working in palliative care and homecare services...
June 3, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579933/changes-in-admission-to-long-term-care-institutions-in-the-netherlands-comparing-two-cohorts-over-the-period-1996-1999-and-2006-2009
#16
Peter Alders, Hannie C Comijs, Dorly J H Deeg
Using data from two cohorts, we examine to what extent a decline in institutional care in the Netherlands is associated with changes in the need for care and/or societal factors. We compared older adults, aged 65-89, who were admitted to a long-term care (LTC) institution in the period 1996-1999 and 2006-2009. Using the Andersen model, we tested per block of predisposing, enabling and need factors, which factors were significant predictors of admission to institutional care. With a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition regression, we decomposed the difference in admission to an LTC institution between the period 1996-1999 and 2006-2009 into a part that is due to differences in health needs and other factors such as effect of policy, social values, and technology...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579932/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-loneliness-among-older-adults
#17
Patrick Rouxel, Anja Heilmann, Panayotes Demakakos, Jun Aida, Georgios Tsakos, Richard G Watt
Loneliness is a serious concern in aging populations. The key risk factors include poor health, depression, poor material circumstances, and low social participation and social support. Oral disease and tooth loss have a significant negative impact on the quality of life and well-being of older adults. However, there is a lack of studies relating oral health to loneliness. This study investigated the association between oral health-related quality of life (through the use of the oral impact on daily performances-OIDP-measure) and loneliness amongst older adults living in England...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578206/is-internet-addiction-transitory-or-persistent-incidence-and-prospective-predictors-of-remission-of-internet-addiction-among-chinese-secondary-school-students
#18
Joseph T F Lau, Anise M S Wu, Danielle L Gross, Kit-Man Cheng, Mason M C Lau
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction (IA) is prevalent among adolescents but it is potentially revertible. Only three Taiwan adolescent studies reported IA remission and a few related factors. We investigated incidence and predictors of remission among Hong Kong Chinese secondary school students with a 12-month longitudinal study. METHODS: IA was defined as Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS) score>63. Validated measures were used to assess students' psychosocial wellbeing at baseline and follow-up...
May 29, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575567/-psychosocial-characteristics-of-elderly-people-who-have-committed-suicide-attempts-poisoning
#19
V E Pashkovskiy, A G Sofronov, A E Dobrovolskaya, G A Prokopovich
The aim of this study is to identify psychosocial characteristics of older people who attempted suicide by self-poisoning. A total of 44 older people with suicide attempts by self-poisoning was examined, 12 of whom were male and 32 were female, their average age was 71,9+10,8. The comparison group consisted of 53 young people - 19 males and 34 females, their average age was 26,6+4,4. In both groups dominated deliberate self-poisoning with antiepileptic, sedative, soporific, Antiparkinson and psychotropic drugs (40,9 % vs 47,2 %, p>0,05)...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566965/caregiver-burden-in-different-stages-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
REVIEW
Elif Koca, Özlem Taşkapilioğlu, Mustafa Bakar
With an increasing number of patients being diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD) daily, it has become one of the major problems in public health. The increase in the number of dementia patients in low- and middle-income countries is expected to be much more than that in developed countries. As a result, the economic burden of dementia, both worldwide and in Turkey, is growing. Moreover, AD leads to emotional burdens and psychological distress in family member(s) and caregiver(s) alongside the patient. Each stage of AD imposes different responsibilities on caregivers, increasing their burden...
March 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
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