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Anemia in HIV

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431845/infection-prevention-and-control-and-the-refugee-population-experiences-from-the-university-of-louisville-global-health-center
#1
Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Timothy L Wiemken, Rahel S Bosson, Paula Peyrani, William A Mattingly, Allison Pauly, Rebecca A Ford, Stanley Kotey, Julio A Ramirez
BACKGROUND: During 2016, approximately 140,000 individuals entered the United States as part of the federal government refugee resettlement program and established themselves in communities in virtually every state. No national database regarding refugee health currently exists; therefore, little is known about existing infectious diseases, conditions, and cultural practices that impact successful acculturation. The objective of this report is to identify what is currently known about refugees and circumstances important to infection prevention and control with respect to their roles as new community members, employees, and consumers of health care...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414687/disseminated-cryptococcal-disease-with-diffuse-pulmonary-infiltrates-in-a-non-hiv-host
#2
M Hughes, K Trivedi, M Rudrappa
INTRODUCTION: We present a case of disseminated Cryptococcus in a non-HIV host, where the primary manifestation was pulmonary with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. This patient was on high dose corticosteroids for autoimmune hemolytic anemia. CASE: A 79 year old Caucasian man with a history of autoimmune hemolytic anemia on 100 mg of prednisone daily, coronary artery disease s/p bypass surgery, ischemic cardiomyopathy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, sleep apnea, chronic kidney disease, and history of bilateral pulmonary emboli presented to Hematology/Oncology clinic with symptoms of productive cough, worsening shortness of breath, hemoptysis...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414664/gonococcal-endocarditis-the-gift-that-stops-giving-an-uncommon-presentation-of-a-common-disease
#3
G Olayemi, M Oferczak, A Elagizi, I El-Abbassi, M Eschete, J Crowe
INTRODUCTION: Gonorrhea is the 2nd most common sexually transmitted disease in the US with 800,000 cases of gonorrhea each year. Disseminated gonorrhea infection occurs in 0.5 percent - 3 percent of these patients and is more frequent in woman younger than 40 years of age. CASE: A 36 year old woman with a history of polysubstance abuse presented with 10 day history of feeling generally unwell. At presentation, vitals were remarkable for tachycardia and hypotension...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360823/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-anemia-severity-and-type-in-malawian-men-and-women-urban-and-rural-differences
#4
Aishatu L Adamu, Amelia Crampin, Ndoliwe Kayuni, Alemayehu Amberbir, Olivier Koole, Amos Phiri, Moffat Nyirenda, Paul Fine
BACKGROUND: The global burden of anemia is large especially in sub-Saharan Africa, where HIV is common and lifestyles are changing rapidly with urbanization. The effects of these changes are unknown. Studies of anemia usually focus on pregnant women or children, among whom the burden is greatest. We describe prevalence and risk factors for anemia among rural and urban men and women of all ages in Malawi. METHODS: We analyzed data from a population-wide cross-sectional survey of adults conducted in two sites, Karonga (rural) and Lilongwe (urban), commencing in May 2013...
2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356159/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-anemia-severity-and-type-in-malawian-men-and-women-urban-and-rural-differences
#5
Aishatu L Adamu, Amelia Crampin, Ndoliwe Kayuni, Alemayehu Amberbir, Olivier Koole, Amos Phiri, Moffat Nyirenda, Paul Fine
BACKGROUND: The global burden of anemia is large especially in sub-Saharan Africa, where HIV is common and lifestyles are changing rapidly with urbanization. The effects of these changes are unknown. Studies of anemia usually focus on pregnant women or children, among whom the burden is greatest. We describe prevalence and risk factors for anemia among rural and urban men and women of all ages in Malawi. METHODS: We analyzed data from a population-wide cross-sectional survey of adults conducted in two sites, Karonga (rural) and Lilongwe (urban), commencing in May 2013...
March 29, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355050/release-of-va-records-relating-to-hiv-final-rule
#6
(no author information available yet)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is amending its medical regulations governing the release of VA medical records. Specifically, VA is eliminating the restriction on sharing a negative test result for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with veterans' outside providers. HIV testing is a common practice today in healthcare and the stigma of testing that may have been seen in the 1980s when HIV was first discovered is no longer prevalent. Continuing to protect negative HIV tests causes delays and an unnecessary burden on veterans when VA tries to share electronic medical information with the veterans' outside providers through electronic health information exchanges...
March 23, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342872/covalent-conjugation-of-the-equine-infectious-anemia-virus-gag-with-sumo
#7
Jinzhong Wang, Shuping Wen, Rui Zhao, Jing Qi, Zhao Liu, Weiwei Li, Jing An, Charles Wood, Ying Wang
The conjugation of small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) to the target protein, namely, SUMOylation, is involved in the regulation of many important biological events including host-pathogen interaction. Some viruses have evolved to exploit the host SUMOylation machinery to modify their own protein. Retroviral Gag protein plays critical roles in the viral life cycle. The HIV-1 p6 and the Moloney murine leukemia virus CA have been reported to be conjugated with SUMO. In this study, we report for the first time, to our knowledge, the covalent conjugation of equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) Gag with SUMO...
March 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331087/feline-immunodeficiency-virus-evolutionarily-acquires-two-proteins-vif-and-protease-capable-of-antagonizing-feline-apobec3
#8
Rokusuke Yoshikawa, Junko S Takeuchi, Eri Yamada, Yusuke Nakano, Naoko Misawa, Yuichi Kimura, Fengrong Ren, Takayuki Miyazawa, Yoshio Koyanagi, Kei Sato
The interplay between viral and host proteins has been well studied to elucidate virus-host interactions and their relevance to virulence. Mammalian genes encode apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme catalytic polypeptide-like 3 (APOBEC3) proteins, which act as intrinsic restriction factors against lentiviruses. To overcome APOBEC3-mediated anti-viral actions, lentiviruses have evolutionarily acquired an accessory protein, viral infectivity factor (Vif), and Vif degrades host APOBEC3 proteins via a ubiquitin/proteasome-dependent pathway...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288159/determinants-of-anemia-among-pregnant-mothers-attending-antenatal-care-in-dessie-town-health-facilities-northern-central-ethiopia-unmatched-case-control-study
#9
Sisay Eshete Tadesse, Omer Seid, Yemane G/Mariam, Abel Fekadu, Yitbarek Wasihun, Kedir Endris, Abebayehu Bitew
INTRODUCTION: Anemia affects around 38.2% and 22% of pregnant women at a global and national level respectively. In developing countries, women start pregnancy with already depleted body stores of iron and other vitamins with significant variation of anemia within and between regions. OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of anemia among pregnant mothers attending antenatal care in Dessie town health facilities, northern central Ethiopia. METHODS: A health facility based unmatched case control study was conducted among 112 cases and 336 controls from January to March 2016 G...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264668/implementing-and-sustaining-a-mobile-medical-clinic-for-prenatal-care-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-in-rural-mysore-india
#10
Noah Kojima, Karl Krupp, Kavitha Ravi, Savitha Gowda, Poornima Jaykrishna, Caitlyn Leonardson-Placek, Anand Siddhaiah, Claire C Bristow, Anjali Arun, Jeffrey D Klausner, Purnima Madhivanan
BACKGROUND: In rural India, mobile medical clinics are useful models for delivering health promotion, education, and care. Mobile medical clinics use fewer providers for larger catchment areas compared to traditional clinic models in resource limited settings, which is especially useful in areas with shortages of healthcare providers and a wide geographical distribution of patients. METHODS: From 2008 to 2011, we built infrastructure to implement a mobile clinic system to educate rural communities about maternal child health, train community health workers in common safe birthing procedures, and provide comprehensive antenatal care, prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and testing for specific infections in a large rural catchment area of pregnant women in rural Mysore...
March 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260948/magnitude-of-cytopenias-among-hiv-infected-children-in-bahir-dar-northwest-ethiopia-a-comparison-of-haart-na%C3%A3-ve-and-haart-experienced-children
#11
Yakob Gebregziabher Tsegay, Agerie Tadele, Zelalem Addis, Agersew Alemu, Mulugeta Melku
BACKGROUND: AIDS, caused by HIV, is a multisystem disease that affects hematopoiesis. The aim of this study was to assess cytopenias among HIV-infected children who had a follow-up at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted between April and May 2013. Systematic random sampling method was used to select the study participants. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test as well as chi-square and logistic regression were used for analysis...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258582/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-among-women-with-hiv-infection-and-their-infants-in-malawi
#12
Michelle S Chevalier, Caroline C King, Sascha Ellington, Jeffrey Wiener, Dumbani Kayira, Charles S Chasela, Denise J Jamieson, Athena P Kourtis
OBJECTIVE: To describe maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality among women with HIV infection and their infants. METHODS: A secondary analysis was undertaken of data obtained in the BAN Study, a trial of postnatal antiretrovirals among pregnant women with HIV infection enrolled in 2004-2010. Mothers and infants had 13 scheduled visits through 48 weeks of follow-up. Serious maternal morbidity and mortality were examined at delivery (n=2791), from delivery to 6 weeks later (n=2369) and from 7 to 48 weeks (n=1980)...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243151/anemia-among-adult-hiv-patients-in-ethiopia-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#13
Hermela Melese, Molla Mesele Wassie, Haile Woldie, Abilo Tadesse, Nebiyu Mesfin
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a major public health problem in HIV patients around the world. It has a negative effect on the quality of life of HIV patients and progression of the HIV disease. In the sub-Saharan African setting, including Ethiopia where both HIV infection and under-nutrition are expected to be high, there is a paucity of data on the matter. This study was aimed to reveal the magnitude and factors associated with anemia among adult HIV patients in Debre-Tabor Hospital, northwest Ethiopia...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242969/socio-demographic-reproductive-and-clinical-profile-of-women-diagnosed-with-advanced-cervical-cancer-in-a-tertiary-care-institute-of-delhi
#14
Neha Dahiya, Damodar Bachani, Anita S Acharya, D N Sharma, Subhash Gupta, K P Haresh
INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer is one of the leading cancers among Indian women with estimated 123,000 new cases and 67,477 deaths in 2012. Cervical cancer is a multi-etiological disease. Factors such as low socioeconomic status, tobacco use, sexual and reproductive factors, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases and long-term oral contraceptive use have been suggested as determinants. Assessment of socio-demographic profile and reproductive history gives a better picture of the determinants of cervical carcinoma in low-resource settings...
February 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239430/hiv-infected-children-in-the-asia-pacific-region-with-baseline-severe-anemia-antiretroviral-therapy-and-outcomes
#15
Pagakrong Lumbiganon, Pope Kosalaraksa, Torsak Bunupuradah, David Boettiger, Vonthanak Saphonn, Khanh H Truong, Nia Kurniati, Rawiwan Hansudewechakul, Viet C Do, Tavitiya Sudjaritruk, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Nantakar Kongstan, Nik K N Yusoff, Lam V Nguyen, Dewi K Wati, Kamarul Razali, Annette H Sohn, Azar Kariminia
BACKGROUND: Severe anemia is common among children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The choice of antiretroviral (ART) regimen needs careful consideration. No information is available regarding the initial ART regimens used in the Asia-Pacific region and the rate of switch of ART regimens in HIV-infected children with severe anemia. OBJECTIVES: To study the initial ART regimens and the rate of switch of ART regimens used during the first 36 months in HIV-infected children with severe anemia and to evaluate their clinical and laboratory outcomes...
June 2016: Asian Biomedicine: Research, Reviews and News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213870/molecular-characterization-of-bovine-leukemia-virus-from-moldovan-dairy-cattle
#16
Aneta Pluta, Marzena Rola-Łuszczak, Piotr Kubiś, Svetlana Balov, Roman Moskalik, Bhudipa Choudhury, Jacek Kuźmak
Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is the causative agent of enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL), a disease that has worldwide distribution. Whilst it has been eradicated in most of Western Europe and Scandinavia, it remains a problem in other regions, particularly Eastern Europe and South America. For this study, in 2013, 24 cattle from three farms in three regions of Moldova were screened by ELISA and nested PCR. Of these cattle, 14 which were PCR positive, and these were molecularly characterized based on the nucleotide sequence of the env gene and the deduced amino acid sequence of the encoded gp51 protein...
February 17, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210927/efficacy-and-safety-of-daclatasvir-plus-pegylated-interferon-alfa-2a-and-ribavirin-in-previously-untreated-hcv-subjects-coinfected-with-hiv-and-hcv-genotype-1-a-phase-iii-open-label-study
#17
Mark S Sulkowski, Walford J Fessel, Adriano Lazzarin, Juan Berenguer, Natalia Zakharova, Hugo Cheinquer, Pierre Côté, Douglas Dieterich, Adrian Gadano, Gail Matthews, Jean-Michel Molina, Christophe Moreno, Juan Antonio Pineda, Federico Pulido, Antonio Rivero, Jurgen Rockstroh, Dennis Hernandez, Fiona McPhee, Timothy Eley, Zhaohui Liu, Patricia Mendez, Eric Hughes, Stephanie Noviello, Peter Ackerman
BACKGROUND: Daclatasvir (DCV) is a potent, pangenotypic, hepatitis C virus (HCV) non-structural protein 5A inhibitor with low potential for drug interactions with antiretroviral therapy (ART). We evaluated the safety and efficacy of DCV plus peginterferon alfa-2a/ribavirin (PegIFN/RBV) in HIV-1/HCV genotype-1-coinfected patients. METHODS: AI444043 (NCT01471574), an open-label, Phase III, single-arm, response-guided treatment (RGT) study included 301 patients. They received DCV doses of 30, 60 or 90 mg once daily (depending on concomitant ART), plus weight-based RBV (<75 kg, 1000 mg/day; or ≥75 kg, 1200 mg/day), and once-weekly PegIFN 180 μg, for 24 weeks...
February 16, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184306/effect-of-malaria-infection-on-hematological-profiles-of-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-gambella-southwest-ethiopia
#18
Tsion Sahle, Tilahun Yemane, Lealem Gedefaw
BACKGROUND: Malaria and human immunodeficiency virus are the two most devastating global health problems causing more than two million deaths each year. Hematological abnormalities such as anemia, thrombocytopenia and leucopenia are the common complications in malaria and HIV co-infected individuals. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of malaria infection on hematological profiles of people living with HIV attending Gambella Hospital ART clinic, Southwestern Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of malaria infection on hematological profiles of people living with HIV attending Gambella Hospital ART clinic, Southwestern Ethiopia...
2017: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149019/serum-iron-folate-ferritin-and-cd4-count-in-hiv-seropositive-women
#19
Simmi Kharb, Manjulata Kumawat, Meenakshi Lallar, P S Ghalaut, Smiti Nanda
HIV infects cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) T-lymphocytes, monocytes and macrophages resulting in decreased number and function of CD4 cells, changes that affect both cell mediated and humoral immunity. Hematological abnormalities are a common complication of human immune virus (HIV) infection and these abnormalities increase as the disease advances. Anemia is the most common haematological abnormality in HIV seropositive patients and its incidence is strongly associated with the progression of the disease...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146189/-young-women-with-hiv-infection-acquired-by-vertical-transmission-expectations-of-having-uninfected-children
#20
Julia Villarroel, Ana M Álvarez, Francisco Salvador, Ana Chávez, Elba Wu, Verónica Contardo
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART), changed the prognosis of the disease, allowing young women infected by vertical transmission (TV) to be pregnant without risk for their fetus of acquiring this infection. AIM: To describe the clinical-immune status in pregnant women that acquired HV by vertical transmission, treatments received, monitoring of pregnancy and newborn characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A protocol was performed, evaluating clinical and immunological parameters during pregnancy, ART used, protocol preventing vertical transmission (PPTV), and follow up of children to 18 months of age...
December 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
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