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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718259/counterforce-orthosis-in-the-management-of-lateral-epicondylitis
#1
Daison Varghese Vellilappilly, Heroor Ravindranath Rai, Jaison Varghese, Vishnu Renjith
BACKGROUND: Lateral Epicondylitis (LE), is a condition characterized by the pain and tenderness over the lateral epicondyle of the humerus. LE is commonly seen among people who are involved in sports such as tennis and golf. Any activity that repeatedly overstrains the extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon can lead to LE. The management of lateral epicondylitis generally involves the use of counterforce orthosis. The aim of this review is to summarize the evidence regarding the effectiveness of counterforce orthoses on the clinical outcomes of patients with lateral epicondylitis...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704627/task-specific-training-for-adults-with-chronic-knee-pain-a-case-series
#2
Allyn M Bove, Nancy Baker, Heather Livengood, Visnja King, Joseph Mancino, Adam Popchak, G Kelley Fitzgerald
Study Design Case series. Background Recent evidence suggests that traditional impairment-based rehabilitation approaches for patients with knee pain may not result in improved function or reduced disability. This case series describes a novel task-specific training approach to exercise therapy for patients with chronic knee pain and reports changes in measures of clinical outcome (pain and physical function) following participation in the training program. Case Description Seven patients with chronic knee pain aged ≥ 40 years were included...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683232/spadi-and-quickdash-are-similarly-responsive-in-patients-undergoing-physical-therapy-for-shoulder-pain
#3
Rachel Chester, Christina Jerosch-Herold, Jeremy Lewis, Lee Shepstone
Study Design Prospective multicenter longitudinal cohort study. Background A key component of assessing clinical effectiveness is to compare instruments measuring similar outcomes and to select one that is sufficiently responsive. Despite their widespread use in reporting outcome, the responsiveness of the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) and Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH), have not been compared and reported within the same population. Objective To compare the responsiveness of the SPADI and QuickDASH in a single large cohort of patients...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676083/measuring-individual-hierarchy-of-anxiety-invoking-sports-related-activities-development-and-validation-of-the-photographic-series-of-sports-activities-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-phosa-aclr
#4
Wim van Lankveld, Nicky van Melick, Bas Habets, Eefje Roelofsen, J Bart Staal, Robert van Cingel
BACKGROUND: Fear of harm (FoH) after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (ACLR) should be addressed in physical therapy as it hampers return to sports. However, there are no instruments assessing FoH specific for ACLR. The objective of this study is to describe the development and measurement properties of the Photograph Series of Sports Activities for ACLR (PHOSA-ACLR) measuring ACL injury related FoH. METHODS: Based on literature and opinion of physical therapists with extensive experience in ACLR treatment, photographs depicting FoH inducing situations in ACL injury were considered for inclusion in the instrument...
July 4, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666405/neck-pain-revision-2017
#5
Peter R Blanpied, Anita R Gross, James M Elliott, Laurie Lee Devaney, Derek Clewley, David M Walton, Cheryl Sparks, Eric K Robertson
The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these revised clinical practice guidelines is to review recent peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to neck pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666404/neck-pain-associated-with-a-bony-metastatic-tumor
#6
Maria Alice Mainenti Pagnez, Leandro Calazans Nogueira, James M Elliott
A 78-year-old man was referred to physical therapy with a 5-month history of nontraumatic neck pain and reductions in active bilateral rotation without radiculopathy. Radiography and computed tomography taken 2 months prior demonstrated age-related multilevel degenerative disc disease. Following physical therapy with no improvement in symptoms, magnetic resonance imaging with contrast and bone scintigraphy were ordered by the physician. An expansile lesion in the right lateral mass of the atlas on magnetic resonance imaging was consistent with a metastatic activity...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666403/cervical-myelopathy-in-a-patient-referred-for-lower-extremity-symptoms
#7
Steven M Jackson
The patient was a 38-year-old male referred to physical therapy with complaints of right lower extremity radicular pain and left lower extremity weakness. Following physical therapy examination, the primary care physician referred the patient to a neurologist, who performed electromyography and nerve conduction studies and ordered a magnetic resonance image. Cervical spine imaging revealed a C5-6 disc extrusion with myelopathy. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(7):510. doi:10.2519/jospt.2017.5071.
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666402/neck-pain-guidelines-revision-2017-using-the-evidence-to-guide-physical-therapist-practice
#8
(no author information available yet)
Neck pain is a common and costly condition. Pain and disability from many types of neck pain can be improved by nonsurgical interventions provided by physical therapists. Best practice physical therapy requires an evidence-based approach, and clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), such as the revised CPG on neck pain published in the July 2017 issue of JOSPT, help clinicians to stay current and translate evidence into practice. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47(7):511-512. doi:10.2519/jospt.2017.0507.
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666399/toward-improving-outcomes-in-whiplash-implementing-new-directions-of-care
#9
Julie Fritz
This special issue of JOSPT is the second of a 2-part series on whiplash-associated disorders (WADs). Part 1 was published in the October 2016 issue of the Journal. The articles in these 2 special issues highlight that, while we know a great deal about WAD, there are profound gaps in our understanding of how to more effectively work with patients to limit the consequences of this disorder. The information provided in the special-issue articles can help move physical therapy practice and research toward pragmatic and effective solutions for the perplexing condition of WAD...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642859/exercise-induced-bronchospasm-and-allergy
#10
REVIEW
Serena Caggiano, Renato Cutrera, Antonio Di Marco, Attilio Turchetta
Sport is an essential part of childhood, with precious and acknowledged positive health effects but the impact of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) significantly reduces participation in physical activity. It is important to recognize EIB, differentiating EIB with or without asthma if the transient narrowing of the airways after exercise is associated with asthmatic symptoms or not, in the way to select the most appropriate treatment among the many treatment options available today. Therapy is prescribed based on symptoms severity but diagnosis of EIB is established by changes in lung function provoked by exercise evaluating by direct and indirect tests...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634965/the-treatment-of-iron-deficiency-without-anaemia-in-otherwise-healthy-persons
#11
German E Clénin
Iron deficiency is the most widespread and frequent nutritional disorder in the world. It affects a high proportion of children and women in developing countries and is also significantly prevalent in the industrialised world, with a clear predominance in adolescents and menstruating females. Iron is essential for optimal cognitive function and physical performance, not only as a binding site of oxygen but also as a critical constituent of many enzymes. Therefore iron deficiency at all its levels - nonanaemic iron deficiency, iron deficiency with microcytosis or hypochromia and iron deficiency anaemia - should be treated...
June 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630733/return-to-running-after-arthroscopic-hip-surgery-literature-review-and-proposal-of-a-physical-therapy-protocol
#12
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, Joy Anderson, Jorge Chahla, Justin J Mitchell, Robyn Thompson-Etzel, Omer Mei-Dan, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido
The number of hip arthroscopy procedures has significantly increased in the last several years, thereby necessitating individualized rehabilitation protocols for patients following hip arthroscopy. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on rehabilitation protocols for patients following hip arthroscopy and to describe a new protocol specifically designed for patients to return to running following hip arthroscopy. A search of PubMed was performed through October 2016 to locate studies of rehabilitation protocols for patients wishing to return to sport/general activity following hip arthroscopy...
July 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622749/general-exercise-does-not-improve-long-term-pain-and-disability-in-individuals-with-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-systematic-review
#13
Alexandra Griffin, Andrew Leaver, Niamh Moloney
Study Design Systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Background General exercise, defined as purposeful physical activity involving repetitive exercises, and incorporating multiple muscle groups, is frequently used in the management of whiplash associated disorders (WAD). Evidence supporting its efficacy is not well established. Objectives To determine whether general exercise is effective in reducing pain and disability in people with WAD. Methods Studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals between January 1990 and May 2015 were eligible if they evaluated a general exercise intervention compared with a different intervention or control...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613407/school-mental-healthcare-services-using-internet-based-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-young-male-athletes-in-japan
#14
Ryo Sekizaki, Takahiro Nemoto, Naohisa Tsujino, Chieko Takano, Chie Yoshida, Taiju Yamaguchi, Naoyuki Katagiri, Yutaka Ono, Masafumi Mizuno
AIM: Preventive intervention and treatment using internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) can be easily administered to school students, as they are quite familiar with internet tools. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness and contribution of iCBT to mental healthcare in a school setting. METHODS: Eighty Japanese high school boys who were participating in a sports specialist course were enrolled in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to either the iCBT intervention group or the control group...
June 14, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607764/chronic-medial-instability-of-the-elbow
#15
REVIEW
Felix H Savoie, Michael O'Brien
Damage to the medial collateral ligament of the elbow from an instability episode usually heals with non-operative treatment. In some cases, residual instability may occur, leading to functional impairment.Non-operative management can be successful when bracing, taping and therapy are used to stabilise the elbow.A recent report detailing the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma in effectively treating ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries in throwers has shown promise. However, there remain specific groups that should be considered for repair or reconstruction...
January 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590374/return-to-sport-after-pediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-its-effect-on-subsequent-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#16
Travis J Dekker, Jonathan A Godin, Kevin M Dale, William E Garrett, Dean C Taylor, Jonathan C Riboh
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft failure and contralateral ACL tears are more frequent in children and adolescents than adults. The reasons for higher subsequent injury rates in this population are incompletely understood. METHODS: We analyzed a continuous cohort of patients who were <18 years of age. Subjects underwent isolated, primary ACL reconstruction with autograft between 2006 and January 1, 2014, and had a minimum 2-year follow-up. Return-to-sport characteristics were described, and multivariable Cox regression modeling was used to identify predictors of a second ACL injury...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589160/flexion-posteroanterior-radiographs-affect-both-enrollment-for-and-outcomes-after-injection-therapy-for-knee-osteoarthritis
#17
Maximilian A Meyer, Timothy S Leroux, David M Levy, Annemarie K Tilton, Paul B Lewis, Adam B Yanke, Brian J Cole
BACKGROUND: Knee injection therapy is less effective for severe osteoarthritis (OA), specifically Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade 4. Patient selection for knee injection trials has historically been based on extension anteroposterior (AP) radiographic evaluation; however, emerging evidence suggests that KL grading using a flexion posteroanterior (PA) radiograph more accurately and reproducibly predicts disease severity. The impact of radiographic view on patient selection and outcome after knee injection therapy remains unknown...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582871/global-yet-incomplete-overview-of-cohort-studies-in-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Sebastian Heinzel, Stefanie Lerche, Walter Maetzler, Daniela Berg
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by heterogeneity and multifactorial longitudinal changes. To identify PD subtypes and factors influencing the disease course, multiple cohort studies have been designed globally. Knowledge about existing cohorts is pivotal to foster collaboration, which may help to advance the understanding of PD. OBJECTIVE: To raise the awareness about PD cohorts and potential global collaboration opportunities. METHODS: Observational cohort studies in clinical PD were identified by a European working group (JPND BioLoC-PD) and through literature search...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578328/gene-and-cell-doping-the-new-frontier-beyond-myth-or-reality
#19
Elmo W I Neuberger, Perikles Simon
The advent of gene transfer technologies in clinical studies aroused concerns that these technologies will be misused for performance-enhancing purposes in sports. However, during the last 2 decades, the field of gene therapy has taken a long and winding road with just a few gene therapeutic drugs demonstrating clinical benefits in humans. The current state of gene therapy is that viral vector-mediated gene transfer shows the now long-awaited initial success for safe, and in some cases efficient, gene transfer in clinical trials...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566053/hip-pain-and-mobility-deficits-hip-osteoarthritis-revision-2017
#20
Michael T Cibulka, Nancy J Bloom, Keelan R Enseki, Cameron W Macdonald, Judith Woehrle, Christine M McDonough
The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these revised clinical practice guidelines is to review recent peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to hip pain and mobility deficits...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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