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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200599/expression-levels-and-localizations-of-dvl3-and-sfrp3-in-glioblastoma
#1
Anja Kafka, Davor Tomas, Mirna Lechpammer, Tea Gabud, Leo Pažanin, Nives Pećina-Šlaus
The expression patterns of critical molecular components of Wnt signaling, sFRP3 and DVL3, were investigated in glioblastoma, the most aggressive form of primary brain tumors, with the aim to offer potential biomarkers. The protein expression levels and localizations in tumor tissue were revealed by immunohistochemistry and evaluated by the semiquantitative method and immunoreactivity score. Majority of glioblastomas had moderate expression levels for both DVL3 (52.4%) and sFRP3 (52.3%). Strong expression levels were observed in 23...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979103/patient-reported-outcome-assessment-of-inflammatory-arthritis-patient-experience-with-intravenously-administered-biologic-therapy
#2
Norman B Gaylis, Joanne Sagliani, Shawn Black, Kezhen L Tang, Raphael DeHoratius, Wesley A Kafka, Dennis Parenti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient perspectives regarding utilization of intravenous (IV) therapy for inflammatory arthritis (IA). METHODS: This was a single-center, noninterventional, patient questionnaire-based study of adult IA patients currently receiving IV biologics. At a single visit, patients completed the questionnaire comprising 30 questions centered on their experience receiving an intravenously administered therapy to treat their IA. The questionnaire included questions on patient demographics, disease characteristics, and previous biologic treatment for IA (subcutaneous [SC] and IV)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957187/high-order-harmonic-generations-in-intense-mir-fields-by-cascade-three-wave-mixing-in-a-fractal-poled-linbo3-photonic-crystal
#3
Hyunwook Park, Antoine Camper, Kyle Kafka, Boqin Ma, Yu Hang Lai, Cosmin Blaga, Pierre Agostini, Louis F DiMauro, Enam Chowdhury
We report on the generation of harmonic-like photon upconversion in a LiNbO3-based nonlinear photonic crystal by mid-infrared (MIR) femtosecond laser pulses. We study below bandgap harmonics of various driver wavelengths, reaching up to the 11th order at 4 μm driver with 13% efficiency. We compare our results to numerical simulations based on two mechanisms: cascade three-wave mixing and non-perturbative harmonic generation, both of which include quasi-phase matching. The cascade model reproduces well the general features of the observed spectrum, including a plateau-like harmonic distribution and the observed efficiency...
October 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748430/inicu-integrated-neonatal-care-unit-capturing-neonatal-journey-in-an-intelligent-data-way
#4
Harpreet Singh, Gautam Yadav, Raghuram Mallaiah, Preetha Joshi, Vinay Joshi, Ravneet Kaur, Suneyna Bansal, Samir K Brahmachari
Neonatal period represents first 28 days of life, which is the most vulnerable time for a child's survival especially for the preterm babies. High neonatal mortality is a prominent and persistent problem across the globe. Non-availability of trained staff and infrastructure are the major recognized hurdles in the quality care of these neonates. Hourly progress growth charts and reports are still maintained manually by nurses along with continuous calculation of drug dosage and nutrition as per the changing weight of the baby...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729269/multiple-genome-sequences-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-strains
#5
Thomas A Kafka, Andreas J Geissler, Rudi F Vogel
We report here the genome sequences of four Lactobacillus plantarum strains which vary in surface hydrophobicity. Bioinformatic analysis, using additional genomes of Lactobacillus plantarum strains, revealed a possible correlation between the cell wall teichoic acid-type and cell surface hydrophobicity and provide the basis for consecutive analyses.
July 20, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705114/genetic-changes-of-mlh1-and-msh2-genes-could-explain-constant-findings-on-microsatellite-instability-in-intracranial-meningioma
#6
Nives Pećina-Šlaus, Anja Kafka, Anja Bukovac, Tomislav Vladušić, Davor Tomas, Reno Hrašćan
Postreplicative mismatch repair safeguards the stability of our genome. The defects in its functioning will give rise to microsatellite instability. In this study, 50 meningiomas were investigated for microsatellite instability. Two major mismatch repair genes, MLH1 and MSH2, were analyzed using microsatellite markers D1S1611 and BAT26 amplified by polymerase chain reaction and visualized by gel electrophoresis on high-resolution gels. Furthermore, genes DVL3 (D3S1262), AXIN1 (D16S3399), and CDH1 (D16S752) were also investigated for microsatellite instability...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689097/design-synthesis-and-antitubercular-potency-of-4-hydroxyquinolin-2-1h-ones
#7
Maíra Bidart de Macedo, Roman Kimmel, Damijana Urankar, Martin Gazvoda, Antonio Peixoto, Freya Cools, Eveline Torfs, Luc Verschaeve, Emerson Silva Lima, Antonín Lyčka, David Milićević, Antonín Klásek, Paul Cos, Stanislav Kafka, Janez Košmrlj, Davie Cappoen
In this study, a 50-membered library of substituted 4-hydroxyquinolin-2(1H)-ones and two closely related analogues was designed, scored in-silico for drug likeness and subsequently synthesized. Thirteen derivatives, all sharing a common 3-phenyl substituent showed minimal inhibitory concentrations against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra below 10 μM and against Mycobacterium bovis AN5A below 15 μM but were inactive against faster growing mycobacterial species. None of these selected derivatives showed significant acute toxicity against MRC-5 cells or early signs of genotoxicity in the Vitotox™ assay at the active concentration range...
September 29, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644674/constraints-on-oscillation-parameters-from-%C3%AE-_-e-appearance-and-%C3%AE-_-%C3%AE-disappearance-in-nova
#8
P Adamson, L Aliaga, D Ambrose, N Anfimov, A Antoshkin, E Arrieta-Diaz, K Augsten, A Aurisano, C Backhouse, M Baird, B A Bambah, K Bays, B Behera, S Bending, R Bernstein, V Bhatnagar, B Bhuyan, J Bian, T Blackburn, A Bolshakova, C Bromberg, J Brown, G Brunetti, N Buchanan, A Butkevich, V Bychkov, M Campbell, E Catano-Mur, S Childress, B C Choudhary, B Chowdhury, T E Coan, J A B Coelho, M Colo, J Cooper, L Corwin, L Cremonesi, D Cronin-Hennessy, G S Davies, J P Davies, P F Derwent, R Dharmapalan, P Ding, Z Djurcic, E C Dukes, H Duyang, S Edayath, R Ehrlich, G J Feldman, M J Frank, M Gabrielyan, H R Gallagher, S Germani, T Ghosh, A Giri, R A Gomes, M C Goodman, V Grichine, R Group, D Grover, B Guo, A Habig, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Hatzikoutelis, K Heller, A Himmel, A Holin, J Hylen, F Jediny, M Judah, G K Kafka, D Kalra, S M S Kasahara, S Kasetti, R Keloth, L Kolupaeva, S Kotelnikov, I Kourbanis, A Kreymer, A Kumar, S Kurbanov, K Lang, W M Lee, S Lin, J Liu, M Lokajicek, J Lozier, S Luchuk, K Maan, S Magill, W A Mann, M L Marshak, K Matera, V Matveev, D P Méndez, M D Messier, H Meyer, T Miao, W H Miller, S R Mishra, R Mohanta, A Moren, L Mualem, M Muether, S Mufson, R Murphy, J Musser, J K Nelson, R Nichol, E Niner, A Norman, T Nosek, Y Oksuzian, A Olshevskiy, T Olson, J Paley, P Pandey, R B Patterson, G Pawloski, D Pershey, O Petrova, R Petti, S Phan-Budd, R K Plunkett, R Poling, B Potukuchi, C Principato, F Psihas, A Radovic, R A Rameika, B Rebel, B Reed, D Rocco, P Rojas, V Ryabov, K Sachdev, P Sail, O Samoylov, M C Sanchez, R Schroeter, J Sepulveda-Quiroz, P Shanahan, A Sheshukov, J Singh, J Singh, P Singh, V Singh, J Smolik, N Solomey, E Song, A Sousa, K Soustruznik, M Strait, L Suter, R L Talaga, M C Tamsett, P Tas, R B Thayyullathil, J Thomas, X Tian, S C Tognini, J Tripathi, A Tsaris, J Urheim, P Vahle, J Vasel, L Vinton, A Vold, T Vrba, B Wang, M Wetstein, D Whittington, S G Wojcicki, J Wolcott, N Yadav, S Yang, J Zalesak, B Zamorano, R Zwaska
Results are reported from an improved measurement of ν_{μ}→ν_{e} transitions by the NOvA experiment. Using an exposure equivalent to 6.05×10^{20} protons on target, 33 ν_{e} candidates are observed with a background of 8.2±0.8 (syst.). Combined with the latest NOvA ν_{μ} disappearance data and external constraints from reactor experiments on sin^{2}2θ_{13}, the hypothesis of inverted mass hierarchy with θ_{23} in the lower octant is disfavored at greater than 93% C.L. for all values of δ_{CP}.
June 9, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587637/literature-evidence-in-open-targets-a-target-validation-platform
#9
Şenay Kafkas, Ian Dunham, Johanna McEntyre
BACKGROUND: We present the Europe PMC literature component of Open Targets - a target validation platform that integrates various evidence to aid drug target identification and validation. The component identifies target-disease associations in documents and ranks the documents based on their confidence from the Europe PMC literature database, by using rules utilising expert-provided heuristic information. The confidence score of a given document represents how valuable the document is in the scope of target validation for a given target-disease association by taking into account the credibility of the association based on the properties of the text...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508931/kafka-and-autism-the-undisclosed-logic-behind-kafka-s-work
#10
Jerry Stuger
In this paper the hypothesis is presented that Franz Kafka was a person with autism. This is done by analyzing and discussing his biography, letters, diaries and major works. Kafka's autism is an integral diagnosis which encompasses both his personal life and his work. This interpretation is contrary to other interpretations from the past which in all cases were only partially applicable to explain Kafka's life and work. In Kafka research the big secret of Kafka was how he was able to write he did, like no one before him had done...
August 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452513/measurement-of-the-neutrino-mixing-angle-%C3%AE-_-23-in-nova
#11
P Adamson, L Aliaga, D Ambrose, N Anfimov, A Antoshkin, E Arrieta-Diaz, K Augsten, A Aurisano, C Backhouse, M Baird, B A Bambah, K Bays, B Behera, S Bending, R Bernstein, V Bhatnagar, B Bhuyan, J Bian, T Blackburn, A Bolshakova, C Bromberg, J Brown, G Brunetti, N Buchanan, A Butkevich, V Bychkov, M Campbell, E Catano-Mur, S Childress, B C Choudhary, B Chowdhury, T E Coan, J A B Coelho, M Colo, J Cooper, L Corwin, L Cremonesi, D Cronin-Hennessy, G S Davies, J P Davies, P F Derwent, S Desai, R Dharmapalan, P Ding, Z Djurcic, E C Dukes, H Duyang, S Edayath, R Ehrlich, G J Feldman, M J Frank, M Gabrielyan, H R Gallagher, S Germani, T Ghosh, A Giri, R A Gomes, M C Goodman, V Grichine, R Group, D Grover, B Guo, A Habig, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Hatzikoutelis, K Heller, A Himmel, A Holin, J Hylen, F Jediny, M Judah, G K Kafka, D Kalra, S M S Kasahara, S Kasetti, R Keloth, L Kolupaeva, S Kotelnikov, I Kourbanis, A Kreymer, A Kumar, S Kurbanov, K Lang, W M Lee, S Lin, J Liu, M Lokajicek, J Lozier, S Luchuk, K Maan, S Magill, W A Mann, M L Marshak, K Matera, V Matveev, D P Méndez, M D Messier, H Meyer, T Miao, W H Miller, S R Mishra, R Mohanta, A Moren, L Mualem, M Muether, S Mufson, R Murphy, J Musser, J K Nelson, R Nichol, E Niner, A Norman, T Nosek, Y Oksuzian, A Olshevskiy, T Olson, J Paley, P Pandey, R B Patterson, G Pawloski, D Pershey, O Petrova, R Petti, S Phan-Budd, R K Plunkett, R Poling, B Potukuchi, C Principato, F Psihas, A Radovic, R A Rameika, B Rebel, B Reed, D Rocco, P Rojas, V Ryabov, K Sachdev, P Sail, O Samoylov, M C Sanchez, R Schroeter, J Sepulveda-Quiroz, P Shanahan, A Sheshukov, J Singh, J Singh, P Singh, V Singh, J Smolik, N Solomey, E Song, A Sousa, K Soustruznik, M Strait, L Suter, R L Talaga, M C Tamsett, P Tas, R B Thayyullathil, J Thomas, X Tian, S C Tognini, J Tripathi, A Tsaris, J Urheim, P Vahle, J Vasel, L Vinton, A Vold, T Vrba, B Wang, M Wetstein, D Whittington, S G Wojcicki, J Wolcott, N Yadav, S Yang, J Zalesak, B Zamorano, R Zwaska
This Letter reports new results on muon neutrino disappearance from NOvA, using a 14 kton detector equivalent exposure of 6.05×10^{20} protons on target from the NuMI beam at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. The measurement probes the muon-tau symmetry hypothesis that requires maximal θ_{23} mixing (θ_{23}=π/4). Assuming the normal mass hierarchy, we find Δm_{32}^{2}=(2.67±0.11)×10^{-3}  eV^{2} and sin^{2}θ_{23} at the two statistically degenerate values 0.404_{-0.022}^{+0.030} and 0...
April 14, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391254/primary-pigmented-nodular-adrenocortical-disease-literature-review-and-case-report-of-a-6-year-old-boy
#12
Dragan Katanić, Dejan Kafka, Mirjana Živojinov, Jovan Vlaški, Zorana Budakov, Marija Knežević Pogančev, Ivana Vorgučin, Tomislav Ćuk
Cushing's syndrome is rare in childhood and is usually caused by a pituitary adenoma. Primary hyperfunction of adrenal glands is less frequent, particularly primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD). It occurs usually in children and adolescents, with female preponderance, while Cushing's disease has increased frequency in prepubertal males. A case of a 6-year-old boy is presented with isolated non-familiar PPNAD. The clinical pattern involved Cushingoid appearance, hypertension, virilization and depressive mood...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293207/commentary-pupil-old-new-effects-reflect-stimulus-encoding-and-decoding-in-short-term-memory
#13
COMMENT
Alex Kafkas, Daniela Montaldi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271940/pedal-presentation-of-superficial-acral-fibromyxomaa-case-report
#14
Robin Lenz, Rene Kafka, Kevin Jules, Bradley W Bakotic
Superficial acral fibromyxoma is a benign and slow-growing solitary soft-tissue neoplasm. Since being described in 2001, more than 100 cases of superficial acral fibromyxoma on the foot have been reported worldwide, none of which have been reported in the podiatric medical literature. Only nine cases of superficial acral fibromyxoma have been reported with presentation on the plantar heel. We report an unusual case of a 47-year-old Jamaican woman with a painful, erythematous nodule on her right heel that was diagnosed as superficial acral fibromyxoma...
January 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261001/effects-of-cranberry-vaccinum-macrocarpon-supplementation-on-iron-status-and-inflammatory-markers-in-rowers
#15
Anna Skarpańska-Stejnborn, Piotr Basta, Jerzy Trzeciak, Alicja Michalska, M Emin Kafkas, Donata Woitas-Ślubowska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of supplementation with cranberry (Vaccinum macrocarpon) on the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, hepcidin and selected markers of iron metabolism in rowers subjected to exhaustive exercise. METHODS: This double-blind study included 16 members of the Polish Rowing Team. The subjects were randomly assigned to the supplemented group (n = 9), receiving 1200 mg of cranberry extract for 6 weeks, or to the placebo group (n = 7)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207567/relationship-between-r-wave-peak-time-and-no-reflow-in-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-treated-with-a-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#16
Metin Çağdaş, Süleyman Karakoyun, İbrahim Rencüzoğullari, Yavuz Karabağ, Mahmut Yesin, Mahmut Uluganyan, Mustafa O Gürsoy, İnanç Artaç, Doğan İliş, Süleyman Ç Efe, Onur Taşar
Coronary no-reflow (NR) is observed in nearly half of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who undergo a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) despite epicardial coronary vessel patency. Several methods used to define NR include thrombolysis in myocardial infarction grade, corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count, myocardial blush grade, ST-segment resolution, contrast echocardiography, and MRI. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between NR and R-wave peak time (RWPT) measured from infarct-related artery leads METHOD: We enrolled 282 consecutive STEMI patients treated with pPCI in Kafkas University Hospital from January 2014 to January 2015...
June 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188445/evaluation-of-some-phenological-and-biochemical-characteristics-of-selected-new-late-flowering-dried-apricot-cultivars
#17
Burhanettin İmrak, Ali Küden, Veyis Yurtkulu, Ebru Kafkas, Sezai Ercişli, Salih Kafkas
In this study, promising candidates of six apricot genotypes were compared with our local and major cultivar (Hacıhaliloğlu) based on their phenological, pomological, and biochemical characteristics. Fruit weight, stone weight, flesh firmness, flesh fruit/stone ratio, TSS (Total soluble solids), glucose, fructose, sucrose, total phenols, total antioxidant activity (FRAP and ABTS assays) and bud break, first bloom, full bloom, and harvesting date of apricot cultivar candidates were compared with cultivar Hacıhaliloğlu 'HH...
June 2017: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168671/an-integrated-data-driven-strategy-for-safe-by-design-nanoparticles-the-fp7-modern-project
#18
REVIEW
Martin Brehm, Alexander Kafka, Markus Bamler, Ralph Kühne, Gerrit Schüürmann, Lauri Sikk, Jaanus Burk, Peeter Burk, Tarmo Tamm, Kaido Tämm, Suman Pokhrel, Lutz Mädler, Anne Kahru, Villem Aruoja, Mariliis Sihtmäe, Janeck Scott-Fordsmand, Peter B Sorensen, Laura Escorihuela, Carlos P Roca, Alberto Fernández, Francesc Giralt, Robert Rallo
The development and implementation of safe-by-design strategies is key for the safe development of future generations of nanotechnology enabled products. The safety testing of the huge variety of nanomaterials that can be synthetized is unfeasible due to time and cost constraints. Computational modeling facilitates the implementation of alternative testing strategies in a time and cost effective way. The development of predictive nanotoxicology models requires the use of high quality experimental data on the structure, physicochemical properties and bioactivity of nanomaterials...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097454/in-vitro-cytogenetic-toxicity-of-bezafibrate-in-human-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes
#19
M Topaktas, N E Kafkas, S Sadighazadi, E S Istifli
Bezafibrate (BF) is a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonist used as a lipid-lowering agent to treat both the familial or acquired combined forms of hyperlipidemia. BF is the only available fibrate drug that acts on all PPAR subtypes of α, β, and δ. Although there are studies that indicate a genotoxic potential associated with the use of fibrates, to our knowledge, the genotoxicity of BF in human peripheral blood lymphocytes has not been studied. In the present study, the genotoxic potential of BF was evaluated using chromosome aberration (CA) and micronucleus (MN) assays in peripheral blood lymphocytes of healthy human subjects...
August 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075435/cardiac-biomarkers-predict-1-year-mortality-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-hip-fracture-surgery
#20
Spyridon Katsanos, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Nikolaos Kafkas, Celestino Sardu, Vasileios Kamperidis, Panagiota Katsanou, Dimitrios Farmakis, John Parissis
This prospective study included 152 elderly patients (mean age, 80 years; range, 72-88 years) with a hip fracture treated surgically. Comorbidities were evaluated, and B-type natriuretic peptide was measured at baseline and at postoperative days 4 and 5 in addition to troponin I. Major cardiac events were recorded, and 1-year mortality was assessed. Comorbidity models with the important multivariate predictors of 1-year mortality were analyzed. Overall, 9 patients (6%) experienced major cardiac events postoperatively during their hospitalization...
May 1, 2017: Orthopedics
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