keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Distributive justice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907853/sewall-wright-shifting-balance-theory-and-the-hardening-of-the-modern-synthesis
#1
Yoichi Ishida
The period between the 1940s and 1960s saw the hardening of the modern synthesis in evolutionary biology. Gould and Provine argue that Wright's shifting balance theory of evolution hardened during this period. But their account does not do justice to Wright, who always regarded selection as acting together with drift. This paper presents a more adequate account of the development of Wright's shifting balance theory, paying particular attention to his application of the theory to the geographical distribution of flower color dimorphism in Linanthus parryae...
November 28, 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906535/schedules-of-controlled-substances-temporary-placement-of-furanyl-fentanyl-into-schedule-i-final-order
#2
(no author information available yet)
The Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration is issuing this final order to temporarily schedule the synthetic opioid, N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylfuran-2-carboxamide (furanyl fentanyl), and its isomers, esters, ethers, salts and salts of isomers, esters and ethers, into schedule I pursuant to the temporary scheduling provisions of the Controlled Substances Act. This action is based on a finding by the Administrator that the placement of furanyl fentanyl into schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act is necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety...
November 29, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905978/schedules-of-controlled-substances-temporary-placement-of-u-47700-into-schedule-i-final-order
#3
(no author information available yet)
The Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration is issuing this final order to temporarily schedule the synthetic opioid, 3,4-dichloro-N-[2-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl]-N-methylbenzamide (also known as U-47700), and its isomers, esters, ethers, salts and salts of isomers, esters and ethers, into schedule I pursuant to the temporary scheduling provisions of the Controlled Substances Act. This action is based on a finding by the Administrator that the placement of U-47700 into schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act is necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety...
November 14, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884185/the-inescapable-question-of-fairness-in-pay-for-performance-bonus-distribution-a-qualitative-study-of-health-workers-experiences-in-tanzania
#4
Victor Chimhutu, Nils Gunnar Songstad, Marit Tjomsland, Mwifadhi Mrisho, Karen Marie Moland
BACKGROUND: During the last decade there has been a growing concern about the lack of results in the health sectors of many low income countries. Progress has been particularly slow in maternal- and child health. Prompted by the need to accelerate progress towards these health outcomes, pay-for- performance (P4P) schemes have been initiated in a number of countries. This paper explores the perceptions and experiences of health workers with P4P bonus distribution in the health system context of rural Tanzania...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875799/genetic-modification-technology-for-nutrition-and-improving-diets-an-ethical-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Sara Glass, Jessica Fanzo
Genetically modified (GM) techniques to improve the nutrition and health content of foods is a highly debated area riddled with ethical dilemmas. Assessing GM technology with a public health ethical framework, this paper identifies public health goals, the potential burdens of the technology, and areas to consider for minimizing burdens and ensuring beneficence, autonomy, and little infringements on justice. Both policymakers and food producers should acknowledge local food environments and the agricultural context of each community in order to effectively prepare communication strategies and equitably distribute any proposed GM food intervention...
November 19, 2016: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843614/esmo-gave-me-a-chance-to-help-make-a-difference-a-personal-reflection-on-the-occasion-of-receiving-the-2015-esmo-award
#6
REVIEW
Nathan I Cherny
On the occasion of receiving the ESMO 2015, Prof Nathan Cherny reflects on the potential of the individual clinician to address issues of consequence on a wider scale through the auspices of a professional medical society. He describes his 20 year relationship with ESMO illustrating the potential of harnessing the power of ESMO to influence care, professional behaviours and distributional justice in the provision of care. He urges oncologists to be inspired by the credos that he was nurtured on emphasising professional and personal integrity and the audacity to push boundaries...
2016: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812753/organizational-justice-and-insomnia-a-prospective-cohort-study-examining-insomnia-onset-and-persistence
#7
Toshio Hayashi, Yuko Odagiri, Tomoko Takamiya, Yumiko Ohya, Shigeru Inoue
PURPOSE: Insomnia is one of the most common health problems and causes a large social burden. Psychosocial work-related factors are reported to be associated with both insomnia onset and insomnia persistence. However, the association between organizational justice (OJ) and insomnia remains unclear. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of OJ on insomnia persistence, as well as insomnia onset. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a 1-year observational period was conducted...
November 3, 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809197/ethics-in-humanitarian-services-report-on-the-earthquake-in-nepal
#8
Ramesh P Aacharya, Sanjeeb Tiwari, Tirtha M Shrestha
The Nepal earthquake was one of the biggest natural calamities of the year 2015. This paper attempts to explore the ethical issues involved in the humanitarian services rendered during the crisis and thereafter. The four principles of biomedical ethics - autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice - are discussed in relation to the relief activities immediately following the disaster and the subsequent long-term activities, such as rehabilitation, wherever applicable. The discussion touches upon public health components such as vulnerable populations, environmental ethics and justice for the future...
October 19, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797371/corrigendum-distributive-justice-diversity-and-inclusion-in-precision-medicine-what-will-success-look-like
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773436/police-officers-perceptions-and-experiences-with-mentally-disordered-suspects
#10
Laura Oxburgh, Fiona Gabbert, Rebecca Milne, Julie Cherryman
Despite mentally disordered suspects being over-represented within the criminal justice system, there is a dearth of published literature that examines police officers' perceptions when interviewing this vulnerable group. This is concerning given that police officers are increasingly the first point of contact with these individuals. Using a Grounded Theory approach, this study examined 35 police officers' perceptions and experiences when interviewing mentally disordered suspects. Current safeguards, such as Appropriate Adults, and their experiences of any training they received were also explored...
September 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757182/reallocation-of-shafa-hospital-beds-in-kerman-using-goal-programming-model
#11
Mohammad Hossein Mehrolhasani, Sajad Khosravi, Mahya Tohidi
INTRODUCTION: In order to improve health, hospital sources such as beds and staffing should be properly allocated and used. The aim of this study is reallocation of Shafa hospital beds in Kerman using a goal-programming model. METHODS: This study was an applied cross-sectional study, which used the goal programming model and software WinQSB to optimize bed allocation. By review of the literature and interviews with experts, the constraints in beds allocation were identified, and using the collected data the desired model was designed...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756370/an-analysis-of-common-ethical-justifications-for-compassionate-use-programs-for-experimental-drugs
#12
Kasper Raus
BACKGROUND: When a new intervention or drug is developed, this has to pass through various phases of clinical testing before it achieves market approval, which can take many years. This raises an issue for drugs which could benefit terminally ill patients. These patients might set their hopes on the experimental drug but are unable to wait since they are likely to pass away before the drug is available. As a means of nevertheless getting access to experimental drug, many seriously ill and terminally ill patients are therefore very willing to participate in randomised controlled trials...
October 18, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754351/bread-and-roses-a-gender-perspective-on-environmental-justice-and-public-health
#13
Karen Bell
Gender continues to be a relatively marginal issue in environmental justice debates and yet it remains an important aspect of injustice. To help redress the balance, this article explores women's experience of environmental justice through a review of the existing literature and the author's prior qualitative research, as well as her experience of environmental activism. The analysis confirms that women tend to experience inequitable environmental burdens (distributional injustice); and are less likely than men to have control over environmental decisions (procedural injustice), both of which impact on their health (substantive injustice)...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743388/teachers-legitimacy-effects-of-justice-perception-and-social-comparison-processes
#14
Maria Gouveia-Pereira, Jorge Vala, Isabel Correia
BACKGROUND: Teachers' legitimacy is central to school functioning. Teachers' justice, whether distributive or procedural, predicts teachers' legitimacy. AIMS: What is still do be found, and constitutes the goal of this paper, is whether unjust treatment by a teacher affects the legitimacy of the teacher differently when the student knows that the teacher was fair to a peer (comparative judgement) or when the student does not have that information (autonomous judgement)...
October 15, 2016: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726316/schedules-of-controlled-substances-placement-of-three-synthetic-phenethylamines-into-schedule-i-final-rule
#15
(no author information available yet)
With the issuance of this final rule, the Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration places three synthetic phenethylamines: 2-(4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25I-NBOMe; 2C-I-NBOMe; 25I; Cimbi-5), 2-(4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N- (2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25C-NBOMe; 2C-C-NBOMe; 25C; Cimbi-82), and 2-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)ethanamine (25B- NBOMe; 2C-B-NBOMe; 25B; Cimbi-36), including their optical, positional, and geometric isomers, salts and salts of isomers, whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible, into schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act...
September 27, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707877/which-strings-attached-ethical-considerations-for-selecting-appropriate-conditionalities-in-conditional-cash-transfer-programmes
#16
Carleigh B Krubiner, Maria W Merritt
Conditional cash transfers (CCTs) present a promising approach to simultaneously tackle chronic poverty and poor health. While these programmes clearly embody beneficent aims, questions remain regarding the ethical design of CCTs. Limited guidance exists for the ethical evaluation of the defining feature of these programmes: the conditionalities. Drawing upon prominent public health ethics frameworks and social justice theories, this paper outlines five categories of morally relevant considerations that CCT programme designers should consider when assessing which behaviours or outcomes they select as conditionalities for payment: (1) likelihood of yielding desired health outcomes, (2) risks and burdens, (3) receptivity, (4) attainability and (5) indirect impacts and externalities...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689723/population-size-growth-and-environmental-justice-near-oil-and-gas-wells-in-colorado
#17
Lisa M McKenzie, William B Allshouse, Troy Burke, Benjamin D Blair, John L Adgate
We evaluated population size and factors influencing environmental justice near oil and gas (O&G) wells. We mapped nearest O&G well to residential properties to evaluate population size, temporal relationships between housing and O&G development, and 2012 housing market value distributions in three major Colorado O&G basins. We reviewed land use, building, real estate, and state O&G regulations to evaluate distributive and participatory justice. We found that by 2012 at least 378,000 Coloradans lived within 1 mile of an active O&G well, and this population was growing at a faster rate than the overall population...
October 13, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688764/rawlsian-maximin-rule-operates-as-a-common-cognitive-anchor-in-distributive-justice-and-risky-decisions
#18
Tatsuya Kameda, Keigo Inukai, Satomi Higuchi, Akitoshi Ogawa, Hackjin Kim, Tetsuya Matsuda, Masamichi Sakagami
Distributive justice concerns the moral principles by which we seek to allocate resources fairly among diverse members of a society. Although the concept of fair allocation is one of the fundamental building blocks for societies, there is no clear consensus on how to achieve "socially just" allocations. Here, we examine neurocognitive commonalities of distributive judgments and risky decisions. We explore the hypothesis that people's allocation decisions for others are closely related to economic decisions for oneself at behavioral, cognitive, and neural levels, via a concern about the minimum, worst-off position...
September 29, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668661/children-s-allocation-of-resources-in-social-dominance-situations
#19
Rawan Charafeddine, Hugo Mercier, Fabrice Clément, Laurence Kaufmann, Anne Reboul, Jean-Baptiste Van der Henst
Two experiments with preschoolers (36 to 78 months) and 8-year-old children (Experiment 1, N = 173; Experiment 2, N = 132) investigated the development of children's resource distribution in dominance contexts. On the basis of the distributive justice literature, 2 opposite predictions were tested. Children could match resource allocation with the unequal social setting they observe and thus favor a dominant individual over a subordinate 1. Alternatively, children could choose to compensate the subordinate if they consider that the dominance asymmetry should be counteracted...
September 26, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652100/management-practices-and-performance-of-mergers-and-acquisitions-in-pakistan-mediating-role-of-psychological-contract
#20
Muhammad Waseem Bari, Meng Fanchen, Muhammad Awais Baloch
UNLABELLED: The objective of this study is to examine the direct and indirect effect of management practices (procedural justice, coordination approach, communication system, integration strategy, and coping programs) on merger and acquisition (M&A) performance in the Pakistan banking industry. Psychological contract (PC) acts as a mediator between Management practices and M&A performance. The Present study distributes a structured questionnaire to 700 bank employees of different management cadres...
2016: SpringerPlus
keyword
keyword
52370
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"