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Anjan chatterjee

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586217/perception-awareness-and-practice-of-research-oriented-medical-education-among-undergraduate-students-of-a-medical-college-in-kolkata-west-bengal
#1
Subhankar Chatterjee, Anjan Adhikari, Dibakar Haldar, Payel Biswas
BACKGROUND: The addition of research-oriented medical education (ROME) to the existing curriculum could promote logical thinking, rapid literature search and a better understanding of research methodology. Creation of research temperament could lead to innovations in healthcare. We assessed the perception, awareness and practice of ROME among undergraduate students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 234 students of R.G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata selected by the simple random sampling technique...
March 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294425/metaphor-bridging-embodiment-to-abstraction
#2
Anja Jamrozik, Marguerite McQuire, Eileen R Cardillo, Anjan Chatterjee
Embodied cognition accounts posit that concepts are grounded in our sensory and motor systems. An important challenge for these accounts is explaining how abstract concepts, which do not directly call upon sensory or motor information, can be informed by experience. We propose that metaphor is one important vehicle guiding the development and use of abstract concepts. Metaphors allow us to draw on concrete, familiar domains to acquire and reason about abstract concepts. Additionally, repeated metaphoric use drawing on particular aspects of concrete experience can result in the development of new abstract representations...
August 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168876/resident-decision-making-opioids-in-the-outpatient-setting
#3
James E Siegler, Joseph W Kable, Anjan Chatterjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037898/neuroscience-of-aesthetics
#4
Anjan Chatterjee, Oshin Vartanian
Aesthetic evaluations are appraisals that influence choices in important domains of human activity, including mate selection, consumer behavior, art appreciation, and possibly even moral judgment. The nascent field of neuroaesthetics is advancing our understanding of the role of aesthetic evaluations by examining their biological bases. Here, we conduct a selective review of the literature on neuroaesthetics to demonstrate that aesthetic experiences likely emerge from the interaction between emotion-valuation, sensory-motor, and meaning-knowledge neural systems...
April 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26993278/neuroaesthetics-the-cognitive-neuroscience-of-aesthetic-experience
#5
Marcus T Pearce, Dahlia W Zaidel, Oshin Vartanian, Martin Skov, Helmut Leder, Anjan Chatterjee, Marcos Nadal
The field of neuroaesthetics has gained in popularity in recent years but also attracted criticism from the perspectives both of the humanities and the sciences. In an effort to consolidate research in the field, we characterize neuroaesthetics as the cognitive neuroscience of aesthetic experience, drawing on long traditions of research in empirical aesthetics on the one hand and cognitive neuroscience on the other. We clarify the aims and scope of the field, identifying relations among neuroscientific investigations of aesthetics, beauty, and art...
March 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956680/stimulus-needs-are-a-moving-target-240-additional-matched-literal-and-metaphorical-sentences-for-testing-neural-hypotheses-about-metaphor
#6
Eileen R Cardillo, Christine Watson, Anjan Chatterjee
As the cognitive neuroscience of metaphor has evolved, so too have the theoretical questions of greatest interest. To keep pace with these developments, in the present study we generated a large set of metaphoric and literal sentence pairs ideally suited to addressing the current methodological and conceptual needs of metaphor researchers. In particular, the need has emerged to distinguish metaphors along three dimensions: the grammatical class of their base terms, the sensorimotor features of their base terms, and the syntactic form in which the base terms appear...
March 8, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26493606/fronto-temporal-regions-encode-the-manner-of-motion-in-spatial-language
#7
Lorna C Quandt, Eileen R Cardillo, Alexander Kranjec, Anjan Chatterjee
When describing spatial events, dynamic actions can be decomposed into the path of motion (where the object moves), and the manner of motion (how the object moves). These components may be instantiated in two processing streams in the human brain, wherein dorsal parietal areas process path-related information, while ventral temporal regions process manner information. Previous research showed this pattern during the observation of videos showing animate characters in motion [15]. It is unknown whether reading language describing path and manner information - a level of abstraction beyond the perception of visual motion - relies on similar mechanisms...
November 16, 2015: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26441724/phonological-similarity-affects-production-of-gestures-even-in-the-absence-of-overt-speech
#8
Nazbanou Nozari, Tilbe Göksun, Sharon L Thompson-Schill, Anjan Chatterjee
Highlights Does phonological similarity affect gesture production in the absence of speech?Participants produced gestures from pictures with no words presented or spoken.Same pictures and gestures but different training labels were used.Phonologically similar labels led to more errors in subsequent gestures.Thus, phonological similarity affects gesture production in the absence of speech. Are manual gestures affected by inner speech? This study tested the hypothesis that phonological form influences gesture by investigating whether phonological similarity between words that describe motion gestures creates interference for production of those gestures in the absence of overt speech...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26352170/rethinking-actions-implementation-and-association
#9
REVIEW
Lorna C Quandt, Anjan Chatterjee
Action processing allows us to move through and interact with the world, as well as understand the movements performed by other people. In recent years, there has been increasing interest in the semantics of actions as differentiated from the semantics of objects. However, as the understanding of action semantics has evolved, it is evident that the existing literature conflates two senses of the word 'action'-one that stems from studies of tool use and the other from event representation. In this paper, we suggest that this issue can be clarified by closely examining differences in how the human parietal and temporal cortices of the brain process action-related stimuli...
November 2015: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26283001/spontaneous-gesture-and-spatial-language-evidence-from-focal-brain-injury
#10
Tilbe Göksun, Matthew Lehet, Katsiaryna Malykhina, Anjan Chatterjee
People often use spontaneous gestures when communicating spatial information. We investigated focal brain-injured individuals to test the hypotheses that (1) naming motion event components of manner-path (represented by verbs-prepositions in English) are impaired selectively, (2) gestures compensate for impaired naming. Patients with left or right hemisphere damage (LHD or RHD) and elderly control participants were asked to describe motion events (e.g., running across) depicted in brief videos. Damage to the left posterior middle frontal gyrus, left inferior frontal gyrus, and left anterior superior temporal gyrus (aSTG) produced impairments in naming paths of motion; lesions to the left caudate and adjacent white matter produced impairments in naming manners of motion...
November 2015: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26217294/expertise-and-decision-making-in-american-football
#11
Adam J Woods, Alexander Kranjec, Matt Lehet, Anjan Chatterjee
In American football, pass interference calls can be difficult to make, especially when the timing of contact between players is ambiguous. American football history contains many examples of controversial pass interference decisions, often with fans, players, and officials interpreting the same event differently. The current study sought to evaluate the influence of experience with concepts important for officiating decisions in American football on the probability (i.e., response criteria) of pass interference calls...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26217257/disambiguating-ambiguous-motion-perception-what-are-the-cues
#12
Alessandro Piedimonte, Adam J Woods, Anjan Chatterjee
Motion perception is a fundamental feature of the human visual system. As part of our daily life we often have to determine the direction of motion, even in ambiguous (AMB) situations. These situations force us to rely on exogenous cues, such as other environmental motion, and endogenous cues, such as our own actions, or previously learned experiences. In three experiments, we asked participants to report the direction of an AMB motion display, while manipulating exogenous and endogenous sources of information...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26163433/improving-clinical-cognitive-testing-report-of-the-aan-behavioral-neurology-section-workgroup
#13
Kirk R Daffner, Seth A Gale, A M Barrett, Bradley F Boeve, Anjan Chatterjee, H Branch Coslett, Mark D'Esposito, Glen R Finney, Darren R Gitelman, John J Hart, Alan J Lerner, Kimford J Meador, Alison C Pietras, Kytja S Voeller, Daniel I Kaufer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence basis of single-domain cognitive tests frequently used by behavioral neurologists in an effort to improve the quality of clinical cognitive assessment. METHODS: Behavioral Neurology Section members of the American Academy of Neurology were surveyed about how they conduct clinical cognitive testing, with a particular focus on the Neurobehavioral Status Exam (NBSE). In contrast to general screening cognitive tests, an NBSE consists of tests of individual cognitive domains (e...
September 8, 2015: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25872178/preference-for-luminance-histogram-regularities-in-natural-scenes
#14
Daniel Graham, Bianca Schwarz, Anjan Chatterjee, Helmut Leder
Natural scene luminance distributions typically have positive skew, and for single objects, there is evidence that higher skew is a correlate (but not a guarantee) of glossiness. Skewness is also relevant to aesthetics: preference for glossy single objects (with high skew) has been shown even in infants, and skewness is a good predictor of fruit freshness. Given that primate vision appears to efficiently encode natural scene luminance variation, and given evidence that natural scene regularities may be a prerequisite for aesthetic perception in the spatial domain, here we ask whether humans in general prefer natural scenes with more positively skewed luminance distributions...
March 2016: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25821321/a-questionnaire-based-survey-to-ascertain-the-views-of-clinicians-regarding-rational-use-of-antibiotics-in-teaching-hospitals-of-kolkata
#15
Dattatreyo Chatterjee, Sukanta Sen, Sabnam Ara Begum, Anjan Adhikari, Avijit Hazra, Anup Kumar Das
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to assess the views of clinicians in teaching hospitals of Kolkata regarding the use of antibiotics in their own hospitals, focusing on perceived misuse, reasons behind such misuse and feasible remedial measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 200 clinicians from core clinical disciplines was approached in six teaching hospitals of Kolkata through purposive sampling. A structured, validated questionnaire adopted from published studies and modified to suit the responding population was completed by consenting respondents through face-to-face interaction with a single interviewer...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25539044/common-and-unique-representations-in-pfc-for-face-and-place-attractiveness
#16
Teresa K Pegors, Joseph W Kable, Anjan Chatterjee, Russell A Epstein
Although previous neuroimaging research has identified overlapping correlates of subjective value across different reward types in the ventromedial pFC (vmPFC), it is not clear whether this "common currency" evaluative signal extends to the aesthetic domain. To examine this issue, we scanned human participants with fMRI while they made attractiveness judgments of faces and places-two stimulus categories that are associated with different underlying rewards, have very different visual properties, and are rarely compared with each other...
May 2015: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25439393/neural-basis-of-altered-physical-and-social-causality-judgements-in-schizophrenia
#17
Kim C Wende, Arne Nagels, Mirjam Stratmann, Anjan Chatterjee, Tilo Kircher, Benjamin Straube
Patients with schizophrenia (SZ) often make aberrant cause and effect inferences in non-social and social situations. Likewise, patients may perceive cause-and-effect relationships abnormally as a result of an alteration in the physiology of perception. The neural basis for dysfunctions in causality judgements in the context of both physical motion and social motion is unknown. The current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate a group of patients with SZ and a group of control subjects performing judgements of causality on animated collision sequences (launch-events, Michotte, 1963) and comparable "social" motion stimuli...
February 2015: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25404906/flying-under-the-radar-figurative-language-impairments-in-focal-lesion-patients
#18
Geena R Ianni, Eileen R Cardillo, Marguerite McQuire, Anjan Chatterjee
Despite the prevalent and natural use of metaphor in everyday language, the neural basis of this powerful communication device remains poorly understood. Early studies of brain-injured patients suggested the right hemisphere plays a critical role in metaphor comprehension, but more recent patient and neuroimaging studies do not consistently support this hypothesis. One explanation for this discrepancy is the challenge in designing optimal tasks for brain-injured populations. As traditional aphasia assessments do not assess figurative language comprehension, we designed a new metaphor comprehension task to consider whether impaired metaphor processing is missed by standard clinical assessments...
2014: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25280119/scientific-aesthetics-three-steps-forward
#19
COMMENT
Anjan Chatterjee
Leder and Nadal (2014, this issue) examine the current state of scientific aesthetics through the lens of a prescient psychological model proposed 10 years ago. These retrospective points to several future directions of which I touch on three: the nature of aesthetic emotions, the time course of emotions in aesthetic episodes, and the relationship of art and evolution.
November 2014: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25273995/dorsal-striatum-is-necessary-for-stimulus-value-but-not-action-value-learning-in-humans
#20
Khoi Vo, Robb B Rutledge, Anjan Chatterjee, Joseph W Kable
Several lines of evidence implicate the striatum in learning from experience on the basis of positive and negative feedback. However, the necessity of the striatum for such learning has been difficult to demonstrate in humans, because brain damage is rarely restricted to this structure. Here we test a rare individual with widespread bilateral damage restricted to the dorsal striatum. His performance was impaired and not significantly different from chance on several classic learning tasks, consistent with current theories regarding the role of the striatum...
December 2014: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
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