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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906123/one-health-research-and-training-and-government-support-for-one-health-in-south-asia
#1
REVIEW
Joanna S McKenzie, Rojan Dahal, Manish Kakkar, Nitish Debnath, Mahmudur Rahman, Sithar Dorjee, Khalid Naeem, Tikiri Wijayathilaka, Barun Kumar Sharma, Nasir Maidanwal, Asmatullah Halimi, Eunmi Kim, Pranab Chatterjee, Brecht Devleesschauwer
INTRODUCTION: Considerable advocacy, funding, training, and technical support have been provided to South Asian countries to strengthen One Health (OH) collaborative approaches for controlling diseases with global human pandemic potential since the early 2000s. It is essential that the OH approach continues to be strengthened given South Asia is a hot spot for emerging and endemic zoonotic diseases. The objectives of this article are to describe OH research and training and capacity building activities and the important developments in government support for OH in these countries to identify current achievements and gaps...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905983/current-tobacco-use-and-its-associated-factors-among-adults-in-a-country-with-comprehensive-ban-on-tobacco-findings-from-the-nationally-representative-steps-survey-bhutan-2014
#2
Mongal Singh Gurung, Dorji Pelzom, Tandin Dorji, Wangchuk Drukpa, Chador Wangdi, Palanivel Chinnakali, Sonu Goel
BACKGROUND: Despite a comprehensive ban on cultivation, manufacture, distribution, and sale of tobacco products since 2004, two nationwide surveys conducted in 2012 and 2013 reported high tobacco use in Bhutan. National Health Survey 2012 reported that 4 % of the population aged 15-75 years used smoked tobacco and about 48 % used smokeless tobacco. Similarly, Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) of Bhutan reported tobacco use prevalence of 30.3 % in 2013. However, factors associated with this high tobacco use were not systematically studied...
August 8, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902992/reconnecting-with-my-purpose-in-the-kingdom-of-bhutan
#3
Eric Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874103/cordyceps-collected-from-bhutan-an-appropriate-alternative-of-cordyceps-sinensis
#4
Ding-Tao Wu, Guang-Ping Lv, Jian Zheng, Qian Li, Shuang-Cheng Ma, Shao-Ping Li, Jing Zhao
Natural Cordyceps collected in Bhutan has been widely used as natural Cordyceps sinensis, an official species of Cordyceps used as Chinese medicines, around the world in recent years. However, whether Cordyceps from Bhutan could be really used as natural C. sinensis remains unknown. Therefore, DNA sequence, bioactive components including nucleosides and polysaccharides in twelve batches of Cordyceps from Bhutan were firstly investigated, and compared with natural C. sinensis. Results showed that the fungus of Cordyceps from Bhutan was C...
November 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832432/development-of-deforestation-and-land-cover-database-for-bhutan-1930-2014
#5
C Sudhakar Reddy, K V Satish, C S Jha, P G Diwakar, Y V N Krishna Murthy, V K Dadhwal
Bhutan is a mountainous country located in the Himalayan biodiversity hotspot. This study has quantified the total area under land cover types, estimated the rate of forest cover change, analyzed the changes across forest types, and modeled forest cover change hotpots in Bhutan. The topographical maps and satellite remote sensing images were analyzed to get the spatial patterns of forest and associated land cover changes over the past eight decades (1930-1977-1987-1995-2005-2014). Forest is the largest land cover in Bhutan and constitutes 68...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817749/insecticide-resistance-in-phlebotomine-sandflies-in-southeast-asia-with-emphasis-on-the-indian-subcontinent
#6
REVIEW
Ramesh C Dhiman, Rajpal S Yadav
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis, commonly known as kala-azar in India, is a global public health problem. In Southeast Asia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand are endemic for visceral leishmaniasis. The role of sandflies as the vector of kala-azar was first confirmed in 1942 in India. Insecticide resistance in Phlebotomus argentipes Annandale and Brunetti, the vector of kala-azar in the Indian subcontinent, was first reported in 1987 in Bihar, India. This article provides a scoping review of the studies undertaken from 1959 to 2015 on insecticide resistance in P...
November 7, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794094/neurocysticercosis-in-bhutan-a-cross-sectional-study-in-people-with-epilepsy
#7
Kate Brizzi, Sonam Pelden, Tshokey Tshokey, Damber K Nirola, Megan B Diamond, Joshua P Klein, Lhab Tshering, Sonam Deki, Dechen Nidup, Veronica Bruno, Pierre Dorny, Hector Hugo Garcia, Farrah J Mateen
BACKGROUND: We sought to provide an assessment of the burden of neurocysticercosis among people with epilepsy (PWE) in Bhutan and evaluate the yield of various tests for Taenia solium. METHODS: PWE were enrolled at the National Referral Hospital in Thimphu (2014-2015). Serum was tested for anti-Taenia solium IgG using ELISA (Ab-ELISA), enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (EITB), and parasite antigen. Results were compared to brain MRI. Participants were categorized as definite neurocysticercosis (MRI and EITB positive), probable neurocysticercosis (MRI or EITB positive), or without neurocysticercosis...
September 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781010/the-paradox-of-happiness-health-and-human-rights-in-the-kingdom-of-bhutan
#8
Benjamin Mason Meier, Averi Chakrabarti
The Kingdom of Bhutan is seeking to progressively realize the human right to health without addressing the cross-cutting human rights principles essential to a rights-based approach to health. Through a landscape analysis of the Bhutanese health system, documentary review of Bhutanese reporting to the United Nations human rights system, and semi-structured interviews with health policymakers in Bhutan, this study examines the normative foundations of Bhutan's focus on "a more meaningful purpose for development than just mere material satisfaction...
June 2016: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743333/knowledge-of-adverse-drug-reaction-reporting-among-healthcare-professionals-in-bhutan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Choki Dorji, Pramote Tragulpiankit, Arthorn Riewpaiboon, Tashi Tobgay
INTRODUCTION: The Bhutan National Pharmacovigilance Centre (NPC) became an official member of the WHO Programme for International Drug Monitoring in December 2014; however, the number of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) reported is very low (50 reports per 773,722 inhabitants over 10 years). Surveys of healthcare professionals (HCPs) in similar countries have indicated that adequate knowledge of both ADRs and ADR reporting is likely to increase the number of ADR reports submitted. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the level of knowledge of both ADRs and ADR reporting among HCPs, including traditional medicine practitioners...
October 14, 2016: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729077/ecological-status-of-high-altitude-medicinal-plants-and-their-sustainability-lingshi-bhutan
#10
Lakey, Kinley Dorji
BACKGROUND: Human beings use plants for a multitude of purposes of which a prominent one across the globe is for their medicinal values. Medicinal plants serve as one of the major sources of income for high altitude inhabitants in the Himalaya, particularly in countries like Nepal, and Bhutan. People here harvest huge volumes of medicinal plants indiscriminately, risking their sustainability. This paper attempts to identify some of the priority medicinal plant species harvested in the wild and assess their ecological status for their judicious utilization, and to help provide policy guidance for possible domestication and support strategic conservation frameworks...
October 11, 2016: BMC Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707437/association-between-sleep-duration-and-self-reported-health-status-findings-from-the-bhutan-s-gross-national-happiness-study
#11
Gyambo Sithey, Li Ming Wen, Patrick Kelly, Mu Li
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Short and long sleep durations have been found to be associated with chronic conditions like diabetes mellitus, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. However, most studies were conducted in developed countries and the results were inconsistent. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between sleep duration and self-reported health status in a developing country setting. METHODS: We conducted secondary data analysis of the 2010 Gross National Happiness study of Bhutan, which was a nationwide cross sectional study with representative samples from rural and urban areas...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701313/a-review-of-the-genus-garra-hamilton-1822-of-bhutan-including-the-descriptions-of-two-new-species-and-three-additional-records-cypriniformes-cyprinidae
#12
R J Thoni, D B Gurung, R L Mayden
Seven species of Garra are herein accounted for in Bhutan. Three new records of known species, G. arupi, G. birostris, and G. lissorhynchus, and two new species, G. bimaculacauda sp. nov. and G. parastenorhynchus sp. nov., are reported from central and southern Bhutan. Garra bimaculacauda sp. nov. is most notably different from its congeners by the presence of two dark spots on the lobes of the caudal fin, having one spot on each lobe. Meristic and morphometric differences from northeastern Indian congeners exist as well...
September 19, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660527/the-cicadas-hemiptera-cicadidae-of-india-bangladesh-bhutan-myanmar-nepal-and-sri-lanka-an-annotated-provisional-catalogue-regional-checklist-and-bibliography
#13
Benjamin Wills Price, Elizabeth Louise Allan, Kiran Marathe, Vivek Sarkar, Chris Simon, Krushnamegh Kunte
BACKGROUND: The cicadas of the Indian subcontinent, like many other insects in the region, have remained understudied since the early part of the 20th Century, and await modern taxonomic, systematic and phylogenetic treatment. This paper presents an updated systematic catalogue of cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) from India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal and Sri Lanka, the first in over a century. NEW INFORMATION: This paper treats 281 species, including: India and Bangladesh (189 species), Bhutan (19 species), Myanmar (81 species), Nepal (46 species) and Sri Lanka (22 species)...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659770/the-central-role-of-national-programme-management-for-the-achievement-of-malaria-elimination-a-cross-case-study-analysis-of-nine-malaria-programmes
#14
Cara Smith Gueye, Gretchen Newby, Jim Tulloch, Laurence Slutsker, Marcel Tanner, Roland D Gosling
BACKGROUND: A malaria eradication goal has been proposed, at the same time as a new global strategy and implementation framework. Countries are considering the strategies and tools that will enable progress towards malaria goals. The eliminating malaria case-study series reports were reviewed to identify successful programme management components using a cross-case study analytic approach. METHODS: Nine out of ten case-study reports were included in the analysis (Bhutan, Cape Verde, Malaysia, Mauritius, Namibia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Turkmenistan)...
2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649782/segmentation-of-the-himalayas-as-revealed-by-arc-parallel-gravity-anomalies
#15
György Hetényi, Rodolphe Cattin, Théo Berthet, Nicolas Le Moigne, Jamyang Chophel, Sarah Lechmann, Paul Hammer, Dowchu Drukpa, Soma Nath Sapkota, Stéphanie Gautier, Kinzang Thinley
Lateral variations along the Himalayan arc are suggested by an increasing number of studies and carry important information about the orogen's segmentation. Here we compile the hitherto most complete land gravity dataset in the region which enables the currently highest resolution plausible analysis. To study lateral variations in collisional structure we compute arc-parallel gravity anomalies (APaGA) by subtracting the average arc-perpendicular profile from our dataset; we compute likewise for topography (APaTA)...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639029/corrigendum-to-quality-of-life-in-epilepsy-in-bhutan-seizure-39-2016-44-48
#16
Altaf Saadi, Bryan Patenaude, Damber Kumar Nirola, Sonam Deki, Lhab Tshering, Sarah Clark, Lance Shaull, Tali Sorets, Guenther Fink, Farrah Mateen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595095/an-evaluation-of-the-national-malaria-surveillance-system-of-bhutan-2006-2012-as-it-approaches-the-goal-of-malaria-elimination
#17
Nicole West, Sonam Gyeltshen, Singye Dukpa, Kaveh Khoshnood, Sonam Tashi, Amanda Durante, Sunil Parikh
INTRODUCTION: Bhutan is progressing toward malaria elimination. The purpose of this evaluation was to assess the ability of the surveillance system from 2006 to 2012 to meet the objectives of the Bhutan Vector-borne Disease Control Program (VDCP) and to highlight priorities requiring attention as the nation transitions to elimination. METHODS: The evaluation was conducted using the Center for Disease Control guidelines for evaluating public health surveillance systems...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584733/highly-pathogenic-reassortant-avian-influenza-a-h5n1-virus-clade-2-3-2-1a-in-poultry-bhutan
#18
Atanaska Marinova-Petkova, John Franks, Sangay Tenzin, Narapati Dahal, Kinzang Dukpa, Jambay Dorjee, Mohammed M Feeroz, Jerold E Rehg, Subrata Barman, Scott Krauss, Pamela McKenzie, Richard J Webby, Robert G Webster
Highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1), clade 2.3.2.1a, with an H9-like polymerase basic protein 1 gene, isolated in Bhutan in 2012, replicated faster in vitro than its H5N1 parental genotype and was transmitted more efficiently in a chicken model. These properties likely help limit/eradicate outbreaks, combined with strict control measures.
December 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584725/the-importance-of-context-three-corrections-to-cordaro-keltner-tshering-wangchuk-and-flynn-2016
#19
Lisa Feldman Barrett, Maria Gendron
In their recently published article, "The Voice Conveys Emotion in Ten Globalized Cultures and One Remote Village in Bhutan," Cordaro, Keltner, Tshering, Wangchuk, and Flynn conclude that certain emotion categories are universally recognized by people around the world, barring illness and measurement error. The impact of Cordaro et al.'s article, like that of all empirical studies, is determined not only by its research findings but also by how the research findings are situated. Accuracy in characterizing the scientific context of new findings is as important as maintaining the highest standards for other aspects of the scientific method...
September 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571643/determinants-of-child-wasting-in-bhutan-insights-from-nationally-representative-data
#20
Víctor M Aguayo, Nina Badgaiyan, Laigden Dzed
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the epidemiology of wasting and identify the main predictors of wasting, severe wasting and poor weight-for-height in children. DESIGN: We analysed a nationally representative sample of 2028 children (Multiple Indicator Survey, 2010). SETTING: Royal Kingdom of Bhutan. SUBJECTS: Children aged 0-23 months. RESULTS: Wasting prevalence was significantly higher among infants aged 0-11 months than among children aged 12-23 months (12·0 v...
August 30, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
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