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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204006/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-practitioners-regarding-epilepsy-in-bhutan-a-rural-and-a-remote-country
#1
Devender Bhalla
Purpose: Epilepsy is a major neurological disorder with many countries as scientifically silent and little-to-nothing known on various aspects of epilepsy. Methods: Taking background of a first multinational seminar on epilepsy in Bhutan and a short valid questionnaire pertaining to various aspects of epilepsy, before participation. Results: Large participation was achieved (76 out of 87 approached, 87.3%; 53.0% males). Based on the responses of 76...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184642/bhutan-and-maldives-eliminate-measles-world-health-organization
#2
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176880/seroprevalence-of-rickettsial-infections-and-q-fever-in-bhutan
#3
Tshokey Tshokey, John Stenos, David N Durrheim, Keith Eastwood, Chelsea Nguyen, Stephen R Graves
BACKGROUND: With few studies conducted to date, very little is known about the epidemiology of rickettsioses in Bhutan. Due to two previous outbreaks and increasing clinical cases, scrub typhus is better recognized than other rickettsial infections and Q fever. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive cross-sectional serosurvey was conducted from January to March 2015 in eight districts of Bhutan. Participants were 864 healthy individuals from an urban (30%) and a rural (70%) sampling unit in each of the eight districts...
November 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174261/know-thy-neighbors-the-status-of-cardiac-surgery-in-the-south-asian-countries-around-india
#4
REVIEW
Nazmul Hosain, Farzana Amin, Somaiya Rehman, Bhagawan Koirala
OBJECTIVES: The South Asian neighboring countries of India include Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, The Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Interestingly all these countries possess either a land or a sea border with India and no border among themselves. These countries have historic, cultural, ethnic and genetic links with India. The paper describes the developmental history and current status of cardiac surgery in these countries. METHODS: Thorough search of the printed and electronic materials has been made...
November 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128586/contraception-pregnancy-and-peripartum-experiences-among-women-with-epilepsy-in-bhutan
#5
Sheliza Halani, Lhab Tshering, Esther Bui, Sarah J Clark, Sara J Grundy, Tandin Pem, Sonam Lhamo, Ugyen Dema, Damber K Nirola, Chencho Dorji, Farrah J Mateen
INTRODUCTION: Reports on the reproductive health of women with epilepsy (WWE) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are limited. Bhutan is a lower income country with a high estimated prevalence of epilepsy and no out-of-pocket payment requirements for health visits or medications. METHODS: We developed a 10-category survey to interview WWE ages 20-59 years in the Kingdom of Bhutan to understand their contraceptive use and peripartum experiences. WWE were recruited from 2016-2017 from an existing epilepsy cohort and their reproductive health data were merged with epilepsy and socioeconomic data obtained from initial clinical evaluations performed between 2014 and 2016...
December 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107979/helicobacter-pylori-bab-characterization-in-clinical-isolates-from-bhutan-myanmar-nepal-and-bangladesh
#6
Shamshul Ansari, Evariste Tshibangu Kabamba, Pradeep Krishna Shrestha, Hafeza Aftab, Thein Myint, Lotay Tshering, Rabi Prakash Sharma, Nwe Ni, Than Than Aye, Phawinee Subsomwong, Tomohisa Uchida, Thawee Ratanachu-Ek, Ratha-Korn Vilaichone, Varocha Mahachai, Takashi Matsumoto, Junko Akada, Yoshio Yamaoka
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori BabA is an important outer membrane protein that involves in the attachment to the gastric mucosa and enhances the virulence property of the bacterium. This study was aimed to characterize the bab genotypes, to evaluate its association with cagA, vacA and clinical diseases as well as degree of gastric inflammation. METHODS: H. pylori isolates from four countries were subjected for the characterization of bab. The locus specific forward and bab specific reverse primers were used to get the specific products by PCR, which could distinguish the three locus (A, B and C)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100696/long-term-trend-and-correlation-between-vegetation-greenness-and-climate-variables-in-asia-based-on-satellite-data
#7
Munkhnasan Lamchin, Woo-Kyun Lee, Seong Woo Jeon, Sonam Wangyel Wang, Chul Hee Lim, Cholho Song, Minjun Sung
Satellite data has been used to ascertain trends and correlations between climate change and vegetation greenness in Asia. Our study utilized 33-year (1982-2014) AVHRR-GIMMS (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer - Global Inventory Modelling and Mapping Studies) NDVI3g and CRU TS (Climatic Research Unit Time Series) climate variable (temperature, rainfall, and potential evapotranspiration) time series. First, we estimated the overall trends for vegetation greenness, climate variables and analyzed trends during summer (April to October), winter (November to March), and the entire year...
October 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078189/status-of-indoor-air-pollution-iap-through-particulate-matter-pm-emissions-and-associated-health-concerns-in-south-asia
#8
REVIEW
Muhammad Junaid, Jabir Hussain Syed, Naeem Akhtar Abbasi, Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi, Riffat Naseem Malik, De-Sheng Pei
Exposure to particulate emissions poses a variety of public health concerns worldwide, specifically in developing countries. This review summarized the documented studies on indoor particulate matter (PM) emissions and their major health concerns in South Asia. Reviewed literature illustrated the alarming levels of indoor air pollution (IAP) in India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh, while Sri Lanka and Bhutan are confronted with relatively lower levels, albeit not safe. To our knowledge, data on this issue are absent from Afghanistan and Maldives...
October 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069800/evaluation-of-cytology-versus-human-papillomavirus-based-cervical-cancer-screening-algorithms-in-bhutan
#9
Ugyen Tshomo, Silvia Franceschi, Tshokey Tshokey, Tashi Tobgay, Iacopo Baussano, Vanessa Tenet, Daniëlle A M Heideman, Peter J F Snijders, Gary M Clifford
To evaluate the performance of existing versus alternative cervical cancer screening protocols in Bhutan, cervical exfoliated cells were collected for cytology and high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) testing among 1,048 women aged 30-69 years. Conventional smears were prepared and read locally. HR-HPV was tested by GP5+/6+ polymerase chain reaction, followed by genotyping and human DNA methylation analysis among HR-HPV-positives, in Europe. Test positivity was 7.5% for ASCUS or worse (ASCUS+) cytology and 14...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048483/draft-genome-of-the-gayal-bos-frontalis
#10
Ming-Shan Wang, Yan Zeng, Xiao Wang, Wen-Hui Nie, Jin-Huan Wang, Wei-Ting Su, Newton O Otecko, Zi-Jun Xiong, Sheng Wang, Kai-Xing Qu, Shou-Qing Yan, Min-Min Yang, Wen Wang, Yang Dong, Dong-Dong Wu, Ya-Ping Zhang
Background: Gayal (Bos frontalis), also known as mithan or mithun, is a large endangered semi-domesticated bovine that has a limited geographical distribution in the hill-forests of China, Northeast India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Bhutan. Many questions about the gayal such as its origin, population history as well as genetic basis of local adaptation remain largely unresolved. De novo sequencing and assembly of the whole gayal genome provides an opportunity to address these issues. Findings: We report a high-depth sequencing, de novo assembly, and annotation of a female Chinese gayal genome...
October 5, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023476/genetic-and-ecological-insights-into-glacial-refugia-of-walnut-juglans-regia-l
#11
Mallikarjuna Aradhya, Dianne Velasco, Zakir Ibrahimov, Biimyrza Toktoraliev, David Maghradze, Mirza Musayev, Zviadi Bobokashvili, John E Preece
The distribution and survival of trees during the last glacial maximum (LGM) has been of interest to paleoecologists, biogeographers, and geneticists. Ecological niche models that associate species occurrence and abundance with climatic variables are widely used to gain ecological and evolutionary insights and to predict species distributions over space and time. The present study deals with the glacial history of walnut to address questions related to past distributions through genetic analysis and ecological modeling of the present, LGM and Last Interglacial (LIG) periods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990398/assessing-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-antibiotics-among-the-general-public-attending-the-outpatient-pharmacy-units-of-hospitals-in-bhutan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Tshokey Tshokey, Deepika Adhikari, Thupten Tshering, Sangay Wangmo, Kinley Wangdi
We assessed the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices on antibiotics through a questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey among the general public in Bhutan. Of the 692 participants, 52.6% (364) were females with a mean age of 34.2 years. More than half of the respondents showed unsatisfactory knowledge varying significantly from 23.1% to 69.6%. Cotrimoxazole (septran) was the least known while amoxicillin was the most known antibiotics assessed. Two-thirds of the responsents (267) knew that inappropriate use of antibiotics could lead to antimicrobial resistance and 89% (319) were aware of the need to complete the antibiotic courses...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942135/a-medicinal-plant-compound-capnoidine-prevents-the-onset-of-inflammation-in-a-mouse-model-of-colitis
#13
Catherine Shepherd, Paul Giacomin, Severine Navarro, Catherine Miller, Alex Loukas, Phurpa Wangchuk
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The traditional uses of Corydalis dubia, Ajania nubigena and Pleurospermum amabile in the Bhutanese traditional medicine for treating disorders related to inflammatory conditions and the in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of their crude extracts inspired the isolation and the investigation of anticolitic properties of four pure compounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three medicinal plants were collected from Himalayan Mountains of Bhutan...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940523/epidemiology-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-asymptomatic-schoolchildren-in-bhutan
#14
Sonam Wangda, James M Richter, Pema Kuenzang, Kinley Wangchuk, Tashi Choden, Karma Tenzin, Hoda M Malaty
AIM: Bhutan is a small mountainous country between Tibet and India with relatively homogenous population. According to the World Health Organization, gastric cancer is the most frequent cause of cancer death in Bhutan. This study examined the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among children in Bhutan with emphasis on water source and living conditions. METHODS: A cross-sectional sero-epidemiologic study was conducted among schoolchildren who attended public schools in Thimphu, Bhutan...
September 22, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931148/previous-exposure-in-a-high-risk-area-for-travellers-diarrhoea-within-the-past-year-is-associated-with-a-significant-protective-effect-for-travellers-diarrhoea-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-in-travellers-to-south-asia
#15
Esther Kuenzli, David Juergensen, Kerstin Kling, Veronika K Jaeger, Susan DeCrom, Robert Steffen, Andreas F Widmer, Manuel Battegay, Christoph Hatz, Andreas Neumayr
Background: Travellers' diarrhoea is the most common health problem in travellers. Depending on the region visited, up to 40% of travellers develop diarrhoea during a 2-week trip. The aim of this study was to assess risk factors for TD among travellers to the Indian subcontinent. Methods: An observational prospective multicentre cohort study investigated travellers to the Indian subcontinent. Participants completed questionnaires assessing the incidence of travellers' diarrhoea and identifying potential risk factors...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910371/surveillance-of-norovirus-among-children-with-diarrhea-in-four-major-hospitals-in-bhutan-replacement-of-gii-21-by-gii-3-as-a-dominant-genotype
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sonam Wangchuk, Takashi Matsumoto, Hidekatsu Iha, Kamruddin Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among Bhutanese children. The etiology of diarrhea is not well known due to the challenges of conducting routine surveillance with Bhutan's modest research facilities. Establishing an etiology is crucial toward generating evidence that will contribute to policy discussions on a diarrheal disease control program. Our previous study, during 2010-2012, revealed that norovirus (NoV) is an important cause of diarrhea among Bhutanese children, and that GII...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871817/cytotoxicity-in-vitro-anti-leishmanial-and-fingerprint-hplc-photodiode-array-analysis-of-the-roots-of-trillium-govanianum
#17
Kashif Maqbool Khan, Lutfun Nahar, Abdul Mannan, Ihsan Ul-Haq, Muhammad Arfan, Ghazanfar Ali Khan, Izhar Hussain, Satyajit D Sarker
Trillium govanianum Wall. ex D. Don (Melanthiaceae alt. Trilliaceae), commonly known as 'nagchhatry' or 'teen patra', distributed from Pakistan to Bhutan about 2500-3800 m altitude is indigenous to Himalayas region. In folk medicine the plant has been reported for the treatment of wound healing, sepsis and in various sexual disorders. This paper reports, for the first time, to evaluate the cytotoxicity, in vitro anti-leishmanial (promastigotes) and fingerprint HPLC-photodiode array analysis of the MeOH extract of the roots of T...
September 5, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826398/autism-spectrum-disorders-asd-in-south-asia-a-systematic-review
#18
Mohammad Didar Hossain, Helal Uddin Ahmed, M M Jalal Uddin, Waziul Alam Chowdhury, Mohd S Iqbal, Razin Iqbal Kabir, Imran Ahmed Chowdhury, Afzal Aftab, Pran Gopal Datta, Golam Rabbani, Saima Wazed Hossain, Malabika Sarker
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of complex neurodevelopmental disorders. The prevalence of ASD in many South Asian countries is still unknown. The aim of this study was to systematically review available epidemiological studies of ASD in this region to identify gaps in our current knowledge. METHODS: We searched, collected and evaluated articles published between January 1962 and July 2016 which reported the prevalence of ASD in eight South Asian countries...
August 1, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804950/non-invasive-assessment-of-adrenocortical-function-as-a-measure-of-stress-in-the-endangered-golden-langur
#19
Jatin Sarmah, Chaya R Hazarika, Elizabeth V Berkeley, Stefanie B Ganswindt, Andre Ganswindt
The golden langur (Trachypithecus geei) is an endangered primate endemic to northern India and Bhutan. The main stressors to the species are habitat degradation and fragmentation. Non-invasive fecal glucocorticoid metabolite (fGCM) analysis is a powerful tool for assessing stress associated with environmental disturbances in wildlife. However, interspecific differences in glucocorticoid metabolism require careful selection of the antibody used in their quantification. The goals of this study were to: 1) validate an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) to determine fecal GC metabolite (fGCM) concentrations in the golden langur and 2) compare fGCM concentrations between golden langurs living under different environmental conditions...
July 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769704/erhaia-davis-kuo-gastropoda-rissooidea-amnicolidae-also-in-bhutan
#20
Edmund Gittenberger, Sherub Sherub, Björn Stelbrink
The occurrence of at least one species of Erhaia in Bhutan, viz. Erhaia wangchukisp. n., is confirmed by DNA sequencing. A second unnamed species from Bhutan, that might be congeneric, is known from only a single shell. According to the molecular analysis, E. wangchuki is most closely related to a still undescribed Erhaia species from China. These two species together with E. jianouensis and Akiyoshia kobayashii, both also from China, form a well supported clade. Awaiting additional molecular data, the apparent inconsistency regarding Erhaia versus Akiyoshia is not dealt with here...
2017: ZooKeys
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