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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804950/non-invasive-assessment-of-adrenocortical-function-as-a-measure-of-stress-in-the-endangered-golden-langur
#1
Jatin Sarmah, Chaya R Hazarika, Elizabeth V Berkeley, Stefanie B Ganswindt, Andre Ganswindt
The golden langur (Trachypithecus geei) is an endangered primate endemic to northern India and Bhutan. The main stressors to the species are habitat degradation and fragmentation. Non-invasive fecal glucocorticoid metabolite (fGCM) analysis is a powerful tool for assessing stress associated with environmental disturbances in wildlife. However, interspecific differences in glucocorticoid metabolism require careful selection of the antibody used in their quantification. The goals of this study were to: 1) validate an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) to determine fecal GC metabolite (fGCM) concentrations in the golden langur and 2) compare fGCM concentrations between golden langurs living under different environmental conditions...
July 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769704/erhaia-davis-kuo-gastropoda-rissooidea-amnicolidae-also-in-bhutan
#2
Edmund Gittenberger, Sherub Sherub, Björn Stelbrink
The occurrence of at least one species of Erhaia in Bhutan, viz. Erhaia wangchukisp. n., is confirmed by DNA sequencing. A second unnamed species from Bhutan, that might be congeneric, is known from only a single shell. According to the molecular analysis, E. wangchuki is most closely related to a still undescribed Erhaia species from China. These two species together with E. jianouensis and Akiyoshia kobayashii, both also from China, form a well supported clade. Awaiting additional molecular data, the apparent inconsistency regarding Erhaia versus Akiyoshia is not dealt with here...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739826/interleukin-17c-in-human-helicobacter-pylori-gastritis
#3
Shingo Tanaka, Hiroyuki Nagashima, Modesto Cruz, Tomohisa Uchida, Takahiro Uotani, José A Jiménez Abreu, Varocha Mahachai, Ratha-Korn Vilaichone, Thawee Ratanachu-Ek, Lotay Tshering, David Y Graham, Yoshio Yamaoka
The interleukin-17 (IL-17) family of cytokines (IL-17A-F) is involved in many inflammatory diseases. Although IL-17A is recognized as being involved in the pathophysiology of H. pylori-associated diseases, the role of other IL-17 cytokine family members remains unclear. Microarray analysis of IL-17 family cytokines was performed in H. pylori-infected and uninfected gastric biopsy specimens. IL-17C mRNA was upregulated approximately 4.5-fold in H. pylori-infected gastric biopsies. This was confirmed by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in infected and uninfected gastric mucosa obtained from Bhutan and from the Dominican Republic...
July 24, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732533/spatial-and-temporal-patterns-of-diarrhoea-in-bhutan-2003-2013
#4
Kinley Wangdi, Archie Ca Clements
BACKGROUND: To describe spatiotemporal patterns of diarrhoea in Bhutan, and quantify the association between climatic factors and the distribution and dynamics of the disease. METHODS: Nationwide data on diarrhoea were obtained for 2003 to 2013 from the Health Information and Management System (HIMS), Ministry of Health, Bhutan. Climatic variables were obtained from the Department of Hydro Met Services, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Bhutan. Seasonal trend decomposition was used to examine secular trends and seasonal patterns of diarrhoea...
July 21, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732258/areca-catechu-palm-tree-nut-chewing-and-seizures-an-observational-study
#5
Farrah J Mateen, Marco Carone, Lhab Tshering, Chencho Dorji, Ugyen Dema, Sara J Grundy, Dili Ram Pokhrel, Damber K Nirola
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report the impact of chronic abuse of Areca catechu nut wrapped in leaf (also known as doma, quid, paan), the fourth most commonly abused psychoactive substance worldwide, on the frequency of seizures among people with epilepsy. METHODS: People with clinically diagnosed epilepsy (>14years old) residing in the Kingdom of Bhutan were surveyed for self-reported Areca catechu use, demographic variables, epilepsy characteristics, and seizure frequency...
July 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726604/scrub-typhus-outbreak-in-a-remote-primary-school-bhutan-2014
#6
Tshokey Tshokey, Stephen Graves, Dorji Tshering, Kelzang Phuntsho, Karchung Tshering, John Stenos
Scrub typhus in Bhutan was first reported in 2009. We investigated an outbreak of scrub typhus in a remote primary school during August-October 2014. Delay in recognition and treatment resulted in 2 deaths from meningoencephalitis. Scrub typhus warrants urgent public health interventions in Bhutan.
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724543/cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-bhutan-with-the-carehpv-test-on-self-collected-samples-an-ongoing-cross-sectional-population-based-study-reach-bhutan
#7
Iacopo Baussano, Sangay Tshering, Tashi Choden, Fulvio Lazzarato, Vanessa Tenet, Martyn Plummer, Silvia Franceschi, Gary M Clifford, Ugyen Tshomo
OBJECTIVES: The Bhutanese Screening Programme recommends a Pap smear every 3 years for women aged 25-65 years, and coverage ranges from 20% to 60%, being especially challenging in rural settings. The 'REACH-Bhutan' study was conducted to assess the feasibility and outcomes of a novel approach to cervical cancer screening in rural Bhutan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, population-based study of cervical cancer screening based on the careHPV test on self-collected samples...
July 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702163/slow-stamen-movement-in-a-perennial-herb-decreases-male-male-and-male-female-interference
#8
Lingyan Wang, Yu Bao, Hanxi Wang, Chunguang He, Ping Wang, Lianxi Sheng, Zhanhui Tang
Approximately 80 % of angiosperm species produce hermaphroditic flowers, which face the problem of male-male sexual interference (one or more anthers gets in the way of disseminating pollen from other anthers) or male-female sexual interference (the pistil interferes with disseminating pollen from the anthers by preventing the anther from touching a pollinator, or the anther prevents pollinator from depositing outcross pollen on the stigma). Slow stamen movement in hermaphrodite flowers has been interpreted as an adaptation for reducing male-male sexual interference...
July 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691568/burden-pattern-and-causes-of-road-traffic-accidents-in-bhutan-2013-2014-a-police-record-review
#9
Chador Wangdi, Mongal Singh Gurung, Tashi Duba, Ewan Wilkinson, Zaw Myo Tun, Jaya Prasad Tripathy
Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a major cause of death and injury globally. There was little information on the burden and causes of RTAs in Bhutan. The study estimates the burden and characteristics of RTAs and describes the victims of RTAs in Bhutan. A descriptive cross-sectional study conducted analysing police case records. In 2013-2014, 1866 accidents resulted in 1143 injuries and 157 deaths. We identified 39% more deaths from RTAs than that submitted to WHO in 2013 as the 30-day mortality. The main causes were careless driving and drunk-driving...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637477/determinants-of-intra-household-food-allocation-between-adults-in-south-asia-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Helen Harris-Fry, Niva Shrestha, Anthony Costello, Naomi M Saville
BACKGROUND: Nutrition interventions, often delivered at the household level, could increase their efficiency by channelling resources towards pregnant or lactating women, instead of leaving resources to be disproportionately allocated to traditionally favoured men. However, understanding of how to design targeted nutrition programs is limited by a lack of understanding of the factors affecting the intra-household allocation of food. METHODS: We systematically reviewed literature on the factors affecting the allocation of food to adults in South Asian households (in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka) and developed a framework of food allocation determinants...
June 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632491/lessons-learned-on-health-adaptation-to-climate-variability-and-change-experiences-across-low-and-middle-income-countries
#11
Kristie L Ebi, Mariam Otmani Del Barrio
BACKGROUND: There is limited published evidence of the effectiveness of adaptation in managing the health risks of climate variability and change in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To document lessons learned and good practice examples from health adaptation pilot projects in low- and middle-income countries to facilitate assessing and overcoming barriers to implementation and to scaling up. METHODS: We evaluated project reports and related materials from the first five years of implementation (2008-2013) of multinational health adaptation projects in Albania, Barbados, Bhutan, China, Fiji, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Philippines, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612235/bio-logging-new-technologies-to-study-conservation-physiology-on-the-move-a-case-study-on-annual-survival-of-himalayan-vultures
#12
Sherub Sherub, Wolfgang Fiedler, Olivier Duriez, Martin Wikelski
Bio-logging, the on-animal deployment of miniaturised electronic data recorders, allows for the study of location, body position, and physiology of individuals throughout their ontogeny. For terrestrial animals, 1 Hz GPS-position, 3D-body acceleration, and ambient temperature provide standard data to link to the physiology of life histories. Environmental context is added at ever finer scales using remote sensing earth observation data. Here we showcase the use of such bio-logging approaches in a conservation physiology study on endangered Himalayan vultures (Gyps himalayensis)...
July 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610338/revision-of-the-genus-doryscus-jacoby-coleoptera-chrysomelidae-galerucinae
#13
Chi-Feng Lee
The genus Doryscus Jacoby, 1887 is revised. Twelve new species are described: D. indochinensis sp. nov. from China (Yunnan), India, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; D. krausi sp. nov. from Laos and Thailand; D. kubani sp. nov., from China (Yunnan); D. geiseri sp. nov. from Singapore and Thailand; D. nepalensis sp. nov. from Bhutan, north India, and Nepal; D. luzonensis sp. nov., and D. mindanaoensis sp. nov. from Philippines; D. barclayi sp. nov., D. boreri sp. nov., D. javanensis sp. nov., and D. sumatrensis sp. nov...
May 19, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610104/honouring-his-royal-highness-the-crown-prince-of-bhutan-i-megalestes-i-i-gyalsey-i-odonata-synlestidae
#14
T Gyeltshen, V J Kalkman, A G Orr
Megalestes gyalsey spec. nov. is described from a single male from Trongsa District in Bhutan. The species was discovered during field work conducted in 2015 for the Bhutan invertebrate biodiversity project. The species is named in honour of His Royal Highness Crown Prince Jigme Namgyel Wangchuck, the Gyalsey of Bhutan, on the occasion of his first birthday.
March 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607239/scrub-typhus-in-bhutan-a-synthesis-of-data-from-2009-to-2014
#15
REVIEW
Tshokey Tshokey, Tashi Choden, Ragunath Sharma
Scrub typhus is an acute, febrile illness, caused by the bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi, that affects millions annually in the endemic Asia-Pacific region. In untreated cases, the case-fatality rates range from 6% to 35%. In Bhutan, there was a probable outbreak in Gedu in 2009, which resulted in heightened awareness of the disease. Nevertheless, information on scrub typhus in Bhutan is limited and scattered and the epidemiology has yet to be established. To report the current picture of scrub typhus in Bhutan, this review gathered data from scholarly databases, surveillance reports, the Annual health bulletin, research publications and laboratory test reports from hospitals...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606809/animal-derived-natural-products-of-sowa-rigpa-medicine-their-pharmacopoeial-description-current-utilization-and-zoological-identification
#16
Karma Yeshi, Paolo Morisco, Phurpa Wangchuk
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Bhutanese Sowa Rigpa medicine (BSM) uses animal parts in the preparation of numerous polyingredient traditional remedies. Our study reports the taxonomical identification of medicinal animals and the description of traditional uses in English medical terminologies. AIM OF THE STUDY: To taxonomically identify the medicinal animals and their derived natural products used as a zootherapeutic agents in BSM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, the traditional textbooks were reviewed to generate a list of animal products described as ingredients...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598446/construction-of-multiple-choice-questions-before-and-after-an-educational-intervention
#17
K Tenzin, T Dorji, T Tenzin
INTRODUCTION: Khesar Gyalpo University of Medical Sciences of Bhutan, established in 2014, has ushered in a new era in medical education in Bhutan. Multiple Choice Questions are a common means of written assessment in medical education. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study conducted at the Faculty of Postgraduate Medicine, KGUMSB, Thimphu in December 2016. A total of 8 MCQs were prepared by four teaching faculties from different fields who had no prior training on construction of MCQs...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597858/policy-and-governance-to-address-depression-and-suicide-in-bhutan-the-national-suicide-prevention-strategy
#18
Gampo Dorji, Sonam Choki, Kinga Jamphel, Yeshi Wangdi, Tandin Chogyel, Chencho Dorji, Damber Kumar Nirola
Suicide and mental disorders are a growing public health issue in Bhutan, due in part to a rapidly transitioning society. The burden of suicide has been recognized by the Royal Government of Bhutan and, as a result, it introduced the country's first ever national suicide-prevention plan in 2015. The 3-year action plan takes a holistic approach to making suicide-prevention services a top social priority, through strengthening suicide-prevention policies, promoting socially protective measures, mitigating risk factors and reaching out to individuals who are at risk of suicide or affected by incidents of suicide...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579510/an-examination-of-stroke-risk-and-burden-in-south-asians
#19
Vineeta Singh, Shyam Prabhakaran, Seemant Chaturvedi, Aneesh Singhal, Jeyaraj Pandian
BACKGROUND: South Asians (India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan) are at a disproportionately higher risk of stroke and heart disease due to their cardiometabolic profile. Despite evidence for a strong association between diabetes and stroke, and growing stroke risk in this ethnic minority-notwithstanding reports of higher stroke mortality irrespective of country of residence-the explanation for the excess risk of stroke remains unknown. METHODS: We have used extensive literature review, epidemiologic studies, morbidity and mortality records, and expert opinions to examine the burden of stroke among South Asians, and the risk factors identified thus far...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525348/obesity-prevalence-and-contributing-factors-among-adolescents-in-secondary-schools-in-pemagatshel-district-bhutan
#20
Wang Norbu, Ugyen Wangdi, Desang Dorji, Dumrongkiet Arthan, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Pannamas Maneekan, Pimpimon Thongthien, Nantaporn Viravathana, Pattaneeya Prangthip
Background The prevalence of obesity has increased globally, with childhood and adolescent obesity being more common in developed countries. There has been no study on teenage obesity in Bhutan. In this study, we aimed to assess the prevalence of obesity in Bhutan for the first time in order to provide a baseline for future researchers. Methods The investigation, which included 392 adolescents, aimed to identify the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its contributing factors. Anthropometric measurements, food recall and knowledge, attitude, behaviour and environment questionnaires were administered...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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