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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453295/socioeconomic-religious-spiritual-and-health-factors-associated-with-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-a-cross-sectional-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-bhutan-s-gross-national-happiness-study-2015
#1
Gyambo Sithey, Mu Li, Li Ming Wen, Patrick J Kelly, Kelly Clarke
OBJECTIVE: Common mental disorders (CMDs) are a major cause of the global burden of disease. Bhutan was the first country in the world to focus on happiness as a state policy; however, little is known about the prevalence and risk factors of CMDs in this setting. We aim to identify socioeconomic, religious, spiritual and health factors associated with symptoms of CMDs. DESIGN AND SETTING: We used data from Bhutan's 2015 Gross National Happiness (GNH) Survey, a multistage, cross-sectional nationwide household survey...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435794/emergency-contraceptive-pills-ecp-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-women-working-in-the-entertainment-industry-and-men-in-the-trucking-industry-bhutan
#2
Deki Pem, Tshewang Nidup, Ugyen Wangdi, Dorji Pelzom, Ali Mirzazadeh, Willi McFarland
Emergency contraceptive pills (ECP) were recently made available over the counter in Bhutan. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning ECP in 2 populations at risk for HIV and STI (sexually transmitted infections): entertainment women (drayang) and male truck drivers and helpers (truckers). Of 179 drayang and 437 truckers intercepted at venues, 73.7 and 21.1%, respectively, had heard of ECP; 47.0% of drayang had used them. Their concerns about ECP use included harm to the body, impact on future pregnancy, side effects, and HIV/STI risk...
February 12, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369457/the-economic-burden-of-epilepsy-in-bhutan
#3
Leah Wibecan, Günther Fink, Lhab Tshering, Verónica Bruno, Bryan Patenaude, Damber K Nirola, Chencho Dorji, Ugyen Dema, Dillram Pokhrel, Farrah J Mateen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the economic impact of epilepsy in Bhutan, a lower-middle-income country with a universal health care system, but with limited access to neurological care. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted of patients with epilepsy at the Jigme Dorji Wangchuk National Referral Hospital from January to August, 2016. Data were collected on clinical features, cost of care, impact of epilepsy on school or work, and household economic status of participants and matched comparisons (a sibling or neighbor from a household without epilepsy)...
January 25, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300333/atomic-resolution-structures-of-human-bufaviruses-determined-by-cryo-electron-microscopy
#4
Maria Ilyas, Mario Mietzsch, Shweta Kailasan, Elina Väisänen, Mengxiao Luo, Paul Chipman, J Kennon Smith, Justin Kurian, Duncan Sousa, Robert McKenna, Maria Söderlund-Venermo, Mavis Agbandje-McKenna
Bufavirus strain 1 (BuV1), a member of the Protoparvovirus genus of the Parvoviridae, was first isolated from fecal samples of children with acute diarrhea in Burkina Faso. Since this initial discovery, BuVs have been isolated in several countries, including Finland, the Netherlands, and Bhutan, in pediatric patients exhibiting similar symptoms. Towards their characterization, the structures of virus-like particles of BuV1, BuV2, and BuV3, the current known genotypes, have been determined by cryo-electron microscopy and image reconstruction to 2...
January 4, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296564/pharmacological-ethnopharmacological-and-botanical-evaluation-of-subtropical-medicinal-plants-of-lower-kheng-region-in-bhutan
#5
Phurpa Wangchuk, Karma Yeshi, Kinga Jamphel
Background: The Bhutanese Sowa Rigpa medicine (BSM) uses medicinal plants as the bulk ingredients. Our study was to botanically identify subtropical medicinal plants from the Lower Kheng region in Bhutan, transcribe ethnopharmacological uses, and highlight reported pharmacological activities of each plant. Methods: We freely listed the medicinal plants used in the BSM literature, current formulations, and the medicinal plants inventory documents. This was followed by a survey and the identification of medicinal plants in the Lower Kheng region...
December 2017: Integrative Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245620/review-of-the-comb-tailed-spider-genus-i-hahnia-i-c-l-koch-1841-hahniidae-from-gaoligong-mountains-in-yunnan-china
#6
Gui-Qiang Huang, Zhi-Sheng Zhang, Ying-Hong Liu
Gaoligong Mountains in Yunnan, China are famous for the biodiversity and are part of Indo-Burmese hotspot. We present a review on the comb-tailed spider genus Hahnia C.L. Koch 1841 based on newly collected specimens. Four new species of Hahnia are described: H. biapophysis sp. nov. (male), H. dongi sp. nov. (male), H. subsaccata sp. nov. (male, female) and H. wangi sp. nov. (male, female). Two additional known species are redescribed: H. himalayaensis Hu & Zhang, 1990 and H. musica Brignoli, 1978. Hahnia musica previously known from Bhutan is recorded from China for the first time...
November 8, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245576/ant-like-stone-beetles-on-the-roof-of-the-world-cephenniini-of-nepal-and-bhutan-coleoptera-staphylinidae-scydmaeninae
#7
Paweł Jałoszyński
The tribe Cephenniini is for the first time reported to occur in the Himalaya Mountains, and 58 species are described: Cephennomicrus arunensis sp. n., Cm. acupunctatus sp. n., Cm. taplejungensis sp. n., Hlavaciellus primitivus sp. n., Cephennodes (s. str.) cavifrons sp. n., C. (s. str.) pampinosus sp. n., C. (s. str.) bagmatianus sp. n., C. (s. str.) popeye sp. n., C. (s. str.) clavodentatus sp. n., C. (s. str.) meredaranus sp. n., C. (s. str.) yangrianus sp. n., C. (s. str.) suturalis sp. n., C. (s. str.) karnaliensis sp...
November 15, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245488/two-new-species-of-i-xestia-i-h%C3%A3-bner-1818-lepidoptera-noctuidae-from-bhutan-and-china
#8
Péter Gyulai
Xestia Hübner, 1818 is a diverse and widespread Noctuinae genus, most of the known species occur in the Holarctic and the rest in Africa. Due to the expeditions to the hardly explored area of Asia, new species of Xestia have been recognized and described during the last years (Gyulai et al. 2011, 2013; Gyulai & Ronkay 2016). A German expedition (Ratzel, Hauenstein, M. Falkenberg & Trusch) led to the high altitude region of western Bhutan, collected a series of a rather small Perissandria Warren, 1909-like species, of which the genitalia show, surprisingly, the typical features of Xestia, displaying conspicuous external and genitalia differences, comparing with the Tibetan Xestia lithoplana Hreblay, Ronkay & Plante, 1998...
November 28, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245367/a-revision-of-eastern-palaearctic-i-anthobium-i-leach-1819-coleoptera-staphylinidae-omaliinae-anthophagini-i-i-gracilipalpe-i-i-morchella-i-and-i-nigrum-i-groups
#9
Alexey V Shavrin, Aleš Smetana
Three new species-groups are established for eastern Palaearctic species of the genus Anthobium Leach, 1819: Gracilipalpe-group containing A. gracilipalpe (Champion, 1920) (Uttaranchal, Nepal), A. daliense sp.n. (China: Yunnan, Diancang Shan) and A. nivale sp.n. (China: Yunnan, Gaoligong Shan). Morchella-group containing A. morchella sp.n. (China: Yunnan, Baima Shan), A. hydraenoides sp.n. (China: Yunnan, Meili Xue Shan) and A. puetzi sp.n. (China: Sichuan, Daxue Shan, Qionglai Shan). Nigrum-Group containing A...
December 15, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223582/looking-for-relationship-between-the-populations-of-dothistroma-septosporum-in-northern-europe-and-asia
#10
Kalev Adamson, Martin S Mullett, Halvor Solheim, Irene Barnes, Michael M Müller, Jarkko Hantula, Martti Vuorinen, Audrius Kacergius, Svetlana Markovskaja, Dmitry L Musolin, Kateryna Davydenko, Nenad Keča, Karli Ligi, Rasa D Priedite, Hanna Millberg, Rein Drenkhan
Dothistroma septosporum, a notorious pine needle pathogen with an unknown historical geographic origin and poorly known distribution pathways, is nowadays found almost in all areas inhabited by pines (Pinus spp.). The main aim of this study was to determine the relationship between North European and East Asian populations. In total, 238 Eurasian D. septosporum isolates from 11 countries, including 211 isolates from northern Europe, 16 isolates from Russian Far East and 11 isolates from Bhutan were analysed using 11 species specific microsatellite and mating type markers...
December 6, 2017: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221514/yield-of-brain-mri-in-clinically-diagnosed-epilepsy-in-the-kingdom-of-bhutan-a-prospective-study
#11
Veronica Bruno, Joshua P Klein, Dechen Nidup, Damber K Nirola, Lhab Tshering, Sonam Deki, Sarah J Clark, Kristin A Linn, Russell T Shinohara, Chencho Dorji, Dili Ram Pokhrel, Ugyen Dema, Farrah J Mateen
BACKGROUND: People with epilepsy (PWE) in low- and middle-income countries may not access the health resources that are considered optimal for epilepsy diagnosis. The diagnostic yield of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has not been well studied in these settings. OBJECTIVES: To report the diagnostic yield of brain MRI and identify clinical associations of abnormal MRI findings among PWE in a neurocysticercosis-endemic, resource-limited setting and to identify the proportion and putative structural brain causes of drug-resistant epilepsy...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204006/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-practitioners-regarding-epilepsy-in-bhutan-a-rural-and-a-remote-country
#12
Devender Bhalla
Purpose: Epilepsy is a major neurological disorder with many countries as scientifically silent and little-to-nothing known on various aspects of epilepsy. Methods: Taking background of a first multinational seminar on epilepsy in Bhutan and a short valid questionnaire pertaining to various aspects of epilepsy, before participation. Results: Large participation was achieved (76 out of 87 approached, 87.3%; 53.0% males). Based on the responses of 76...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184642/bhutan-and-maldives-eliminate-measles-world-health-organization
#13
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176880/seroprevalence-of-rickettsial-infections-and-q-fever-in-bhutan
#14
Tshokey Tshokey, John Stenos, David N Durrheim, Keith Eastwood, Chelsea Nguyen, Stephen R Graves
BACKGROUND: With few studies conducted to date, very little is known about the epidemiology of rickettsioses in Bhutan. Due to two previous outbreaks and increasing clinical cases, scrub typhus is better recognized than other rickettsial infections and Q fever. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive cross-sectional serosurvey was conducted from January to March 2015 in eight districts of Bhutan. Participants were 864 healthy individuals from an urban (30%) and a rural (70%) sampling unit in each of the eight districts...
November 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174261/know-thy-neighbors-the-status-of-cardiac-surgery-in-the-south-asian-countries-around-india
#15
REVIEW
Nazmul Hosain, Farzana Amin, Somaiya Rehman, Bhagawan Koirala
OBJECTIVES: The South Asian neighboring countries of India include Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, The Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Interestingly all these countries possess either a land or a sea border with India and no border among themselves. These countries have historic, cultural, ethnic and genetic links with India. The paper describes the developmental history and current status of cardiac surgery in these countries. METHODS: Thorough search of the printed and electronic materials has been made...
November 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128586/contraception-pregnancy-and-peripartum-experiences-among-women-with-epilepsy-in-bhutan
#16
Sheliza Halani, Lhab Tshering, Esther Bui, Sarah J Clark, Sara J Grundy, Tandin Pem, Sonam Lhamo, Ugyen Dema, Damber K Nirola, Chencho Dorji, Farrah J Mateen
INTRODUCTION: Reports on the reproductive health of women with epilepsy (WWE) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are limited. Bhutan is a lower income country with a high estimated prevalence of epilepsy and no out-of-pocket payment requirements for health visits or medications. METHODS: We developed a 10-category survey to interview WWE ages 20-59 years in the Kingdom of Bhutan to understand their contraceptive use and peripartum experiences. WWE were recruited from 2016-2017 from an existing epilepsy cohort and their reproductive health data were merged with epilepsy and socioeconomic data obtained from initial clinical evaluations performed between 2014 and 2016...
December 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107979/helicobacter-pylori-bab-characterization-in-clinical-isolates-from-bhutan-myanmar-nepal-and-bangladesh
#17
Shamshul Ansari, Evariste Tshibangu Kabamba, Pradeep Krishna Shrestha, Hafeza Aftab, Thein Myint, Lotay Tshering, Rabi Prakash Sharma, Nwe Ni, Than Than Aye, Phawinee Subsomwong, Tomohisa Uchida, Thawee Ratanachu-Ek, Ratha-Korn Vilaichone, Varocha Mahachai, Takashi Matsumoto, Junko Akada, Yoshio Yamaoka
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori BabA is an important outer membrane protein that involves in the attachment to the gastric mucosa and enhances the virulence property of the bacterium. This study was aimed to characterize the bab genotypes, to evaluate its association with cagA, vacA and clinical diseases as well as degree of gastric inflammation. METHODS: H. pylori isolates from four countries were subjected for the characterization of bab. The locus specific forward and bab specific reverse primers were used to get the specific products by PCR, which could distinguish the three locus (A, B and C)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100696/long-term-trend-and-correlation-between-vegetation-greenness-and-climate-variables-in-asia-based-on-satellite-data
#18
Munkhnasan Lamchin, Woo-Kyun Lee, Seong Woo Jeon, Sonam Wangyel Wang, Chul Hee Lim, Cholho Song, Minjun Sung
Satellite data has been used to ascertain trends and correlations between climate change and vegetation greenness in Asia. Our study utilized 33-year (1982-2014) AVHRR-GIMMS (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer - Global Inventory Modelling and Mapping Studies) NDVI3g and CRU TS (Climatic Research Unit Time Series) climate variable (temperature, rainfall, and potential evapotranspiration) time series. First, we estimated the overall trends for vegetation greenness, climate variables and analyzed trends during summer (April to October), winter (November to March), and the entire year...
October 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078189/status-of-indoor-air-pollution-iap-through-particulate-matter-pm-emissions-and-associated-health-concerns-in-south-asia
#19
REVIEW
Muhammad Junaid, Jabir Hussain Syed, Naeem Akhtar Abbasi, Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi, Riffat Naseem Malik, De-Sheng Pei
Exposure to particulate emissions poses a variety of public health concerns worldwide, specifically in developing countries. This review summarized the documented studies on indoor particulate matter (PM) emissions and their major health concerns in South Asia. Reviewed literature illustrated the alarming levels of indoor air pollution (IAP) in India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh, while Sri Lanka and Bhutan are confronted with relatively lower levels, albeit not safe. To our knowledge, data on this issue are absent from Afghanistan and Maldives...
October 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069800/evaluation-of-cytology-versus-human-papillomavirus-based-cervical-cancer-screening-algorithms-in-bhutan
#20
Ugyen Tshomo, Silvia Franceschi, Tshokey Tshokey, Tashi Tobgay, Iacopo Baussano, Vanessa Tenet, Daniëlle A M Heideman, Peter J F Snijders, Gary M Clifford
To evaluate the performance of existing versus alternative cervical cancer screening protocols in Bhutan, cervical exfoliated cells were collected for cytology and high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) testing among 1,048 women aged 30-69 years. Conventional smears were prepared and read locally. HR-HPV was tested by GP5+/6+ polymerase chain reaction, followed by genotyping and human DNA methylation analysis among HR-HPV-positives, in Europe. Test positivity was 7.5% for ASCUS or worse (ASCUS+) cytology and 14...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
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