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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431524/biosecurity-survey-in-relation-to-the-risk-of-hpai-outbreaks-in-backyard-poultry-holdings-in-thimphu-city-area-bhutan
#1
Tenzin Tenzin, Chador Wangdi, Purna Bdr Rai
BACKGROUND: A questionnaire survey was conducted to assess the biosecurity and other practices of backyard poultry holdings and knowledge and practices of poultry keepers following an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) virus in poultry in Thimphu city area, Bhutan. RESULTS: The study identified 62 backyard poultry holdings in 12 settlement areas, and the owners were subsequently interviewed. The birds are kept in a low-input low-output system, fed locally available scavenging feed base, and supplemented with food scraps and some grain...
April 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430978/culture-matters-indigenizing-patient-safety-in-bhutan
#2
Rinchen Pelzang, Megan-Jane Johnstone, Alison M Hutchinson
Studies show that if quality of healthcare in a country is to be achieved, due consideration must be given to the importance of the core cultural values as a critical factor in improving patient safety outcomes. The influence of Bhutan's traditional (core) cultural values on the attitudes and behaviours of healthcare professionals regarding patient care are not known. This study aimed to explore the possible influence of Bhutan's traditional cultural values on staff attitudes towards patient safety and quality care...
April 17, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415972/community-based-survey-during-rabies-outbreaks-in-rangjung-town-trashigang-eastern-bhutan-2016
#3
Tenzin Tenzin, Jamyang Namgyal, Sangay Letho
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a highly fatal disease transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. Human deaths can be prevented by prompt administering of rabies vaccine and rabies immunoglobulin following the exposure. An assessment of community knowledge, awareness and practices on rabies is important during outbreak to understand their preparedness and target educational messages and response activities by the rapid response team. METHODS: A rabies outbreak has occurred in Rangjung town, eastern Bhutan on 4 October 2016...
April 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414028/culex-culiciomyia-sasai-diptera-culicidae-senior-synonym-of-cx-spiculothorax-and-a-new-country-record-for-bhutan
#4
Thanari Phanitchakun, Parinya Wilai, Jassada Saingamsook, Rinzin Namgay, Tobgyel Drukpa, Yoshio Tsuda, Catherine Walton, Ralph E Harbach, Pradya Somboon
Culex (Culiciomyia) spiculothorax was described from Thailand based on the presence of spiculation on the thorax of larvae. Adult females are characterized but are indistinguishable from those of related species, such as Cx. pallidothorax. Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial oxidase subunit I (COI) sequences revealed that specimens identified as Cx. spiculothorax from Thailand, Japan and Bhutan form a single clade with Cx. sasai from Japan (Kimura 2-parameter genetic distances 0-0.9%) that is clearly distinct from clades comprised of other species of subgenus Culiciomyia...
April 13, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398164/genetic-differentiation-of-the-wheat-leaf-rust-fungus-puccinia-triticina-in-pakistan-and-genetic-relationship-to-other-worldwide-populations
#5
J A Kolmer, J I Mirza, M Imtiaz, S J A Shah
Collections of Puccinia triticina, the wheat leaf rust pathogen, were obtained from Pakistan in 2008, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2014. Collections were also obtained from Bhutan in 2013. Single uredinial isolates were derived and tested for virulence phenotype to 20 lines of Thatcher wheat that differ for single leaf rust resistance genes, and for molecular genotype with 23 simple-sequence repeat (SSR) primers. Twenty-four virulence phenotypes were described among the 89 isolates tested for virulence. None of the isolates had virulence to Thatcher lines with Lr9, Lr24, or Lr18...
April 10, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390433/evaluation-of-the-performance-of-human-papillomavirus-testing-in-paired-urine-and-clinician-collected-cervical-samples-among-women-aged-over-30%C3%A2-years-in-bhutan
#6
Ugyen Tshomo, Silvia Franceschi, Tshokey Tshokey, Tashi Tobgay, Iacopo Baussano, Vanessa Tenet, Peter J F Snijders, Tarik Gheit, Massimo Tommasino, Alex Vorsters, Gary M Clifford
BACKGROUND: Urine sampling may offer a less invasive solution than cervical sampling to test for human papillomavirus (HPV) for HPV vaccine impact monitoring. METHODS: Paired samples of urine and exfoliated cervical cells were obtained for 89 women with history of high-risk (HR) HPV-positive normal cytology in Bhutan. Urine sampling protocol included self-collection of first-void urine immediately into a conservation medium and procedures to optimize DNA yield. Colposcopical abnormalities were biopsied...
April 8, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367974/validation-of-a-smartphone-based-eeg-among-people-with-epilepsy-a-prospective-study
#7
Erica D McKenzie, Andrew S P Lim, Edward C W Leung, Andrew J Cole, Alice D Lam, Ani Eloyan, Damber K Nirola, Lhab Tshering, Ronald Thibert, Rodrigo Zepeda Garcia, Esther Bui, Sonam Deki, Liesly Lee, Sarah J Clark, Joseph M Cohen, Jo Mantia, Kate T Brizzi, Tali R Sorets, Sarah Wahlster, Mia Borzello, Arkadiusz Stopczynski, Sydney S Cash, Farrah J Mateen
Our objective was to assess the ability of a smartphone-based electroencephalography (EEG) application, the Smartphone Brain Scanner-2 (SBS2), to detect epileptiform abnormalities compared to standard clinical EEG. The SBS2 system consists of an Android tablet wirelessly connected to a 14-electrode EasyCap headset (cost ~ 300 USD). SBS2 and standard EEG were performed in people with suspected epilepsy in Bhutan (2014-2015), and recordings were interpreted by neurologists. Among 205 participants (54% female, median age 24 years), epileptiform discharges were detected on 14% of SBS2 and 25% of standard EEGs...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364371/overcoming-challenges-in-recruitment-of-south-asians-for-health-disparities-research-in-the-usa
#8
Arnab Mukherjea, Susan L Ivey, Salma Shariff-Marco, Nilesh Kapoor, Laura Allen
South Asians-individuals with origins in the countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and other regions of the subcontinent-are an understudied and at-risk racial/ethnic minority population for disproportionate burden of preventable diseases in the USA. Notwithstanding lack of research disaggregating Asian American subgroups, a key factor in this paucity of data is the lack of participation and engagement of community members in studies which examine distribution and determinants of adverse health outcomes...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295561/effects-of-national-level-forest-management-regimes-on-non-protected-forests-of-the-himalaya
#9
Jodi S Brandt, Teri Allendorf, Volker Radeloff, Jeremy Brooks
Globally, deforestation continues, and while protected areas are effective at protecting forests, the majority of forests are not in protected areas. This raises the question how effective are different management regimes to avoid deforestation in non-protected forests. Our objective was to assess the ability of different national-level forest management regimes to safeguard forests outside of protected areas. We compared 2000-2014 deforestation rates across the temperate forests of five countries in the Himalaya (Bhutan, Nepal, China, India, and Myanmar) of which only 13% are protected...
March 15, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275451/twenty-two-years-of-hiv-infection-in-bhutan-epidemiological-profile
#10
EDITORIAL
Pandup Tshering, Karma Lhazeen, Sonam Wangdi, Namgay Tshering
AIMS: To describe the HIV epidemiology in Bhutan. METHODS: Data from the database of people living with HIV infection in Bhutan, survey reports from the National STI and HIV/AIDS Control Programme from the Ministry of Health and published literature on HIV in Bhutan were reviewed. RESULTS: Bhutan continues to have a low HIV prevalence with only 470 cases reported by the end of 2015. However, there is a slow but steady recent increase in the number of cases...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255837/is-the-2015-eye-care-service-delivery-profile-in-southeast-asia-closer-to-universal-eye-health-need
#11
Taraprasad Das, Peter Ackland, Marcelino Correia, Prut Hanutsaha, Palitha Mahipala, Phanindra B Nukella, Gopal P Pokharel, Abu Raihan, Gullapalli N Rao, Thulasiraj D Ravilla, Yudha D Sapkota, Gilbert Simanjuntak, Ngwang Tenzin, Ubeydulla Thoufeeq, Tin Win
PURPOSE: The year 2015 status of eye care service profile in Southeast Asia countries was compared with year 2010 data to determine the state of preparedness to achieve the World Health Organization global action plan 2019. METHODS: Information was collected from the International Agency for Prevention of Blindness country chairs and from the recent PubMed referenced articles. The data included the following: blindness and low vision prevalence, national eye health policy, eye health expenses, presence of international non-governmental organizations, density of eye health personnel, and the cataract surgical rate and coverage...
March 2, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216188/rationale-and-support-for-a-one-health-program-for-canine-vaccination-as-the-most-cost-effective-means-of-controlling-zoonotic-rabies-in-endemic-settings
#12
REVIEW
Robert P Lavan, Alasdair I MacG King, David J Sutton, Kaan Tunceli
Although dog vaccination has been demonstrated to reduce and eliminate rabies in humans, during meetings there are often calls for further pilot studies. The assembled data proves that a widespread approach is now required. While zoonotic rabies has a minimal presence in developed nations, it is endemic throughout most of Asia and Africa, where it is considered to be a neglected tropical disease. In these areas, rabies causes an estimated annual mortality of at least 55,000 human deaths. Worldwide rabid dogs are the source of the vast majority of human rabies exposures...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203227/some-technological-properties-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-dahi-and-datshi-naturally-fermented-milk-products-of-bhutan
#13
H N J Shangpliang, Sharmila Sharma, Ranjita Rai, Jyoti P Tamang
Dahi and datshi are common naturally fermented milk (NFM) products of Bhutan. Population of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in dahi (pH 3.7) and datshi (pH 5.2) was 1.4 × 10(7) and 3.9 × 10(8) cfu/ml, respectively. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing isolates of LAB from dahi and datshi were identified as Enterococcus faecalis, E. faecium, Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis. LAB strains were tested for some technological properties. All LAB strains except E. faecalis CH2:17 caused coagulation of milk at both 30°C for 48 h...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198648/quality-of-life-among-senior-citizens-in-bhutan
#14
Nidup Dorji, Michael P Dunne, Charrlotte Seib, Sibnath Deb
This study explored associations between quality of life (QOL), spirituality, social integration, chronic diseases, and lifetime adversity among people aged 60 years and older in Bhutan. Adults aged 60 to 101 years (n = 337) completed face-to-face interviews. The main measure included the World Health Organization QOL questionnaire and Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire. The social relationships domain of QOL had the highest mean. Frequent back pain, memory decline, depression, mobility impairment, insomnia, and lung diseases were commonly reported and negatively related to QOL...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194059/nk-t-cell-lymphoma-a-tertiary-centre-experience
#15
Neeraj Arora, Arpan Mehta, Sriram Ravichandran, Indu Arun, Rimpa Basu Achari, Anupam Chakrapani, Saurabh Jayant Bhave, Mammen Chandy, Reena Nair
Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type, is a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is commonly seen in East Asian countries and is associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection. This is a retrospective study where we describe nine cases of ENKTL; nasal type diagnosed and treated at our center over a period of 2 years. These cases were analyzed retrospectively for clinical presentation (age, sex, site of involvement), immunophenotype, treatment, response and toxicity profile. Sino-nasal symptoms (blocked nose, headache, epistaxis, regurgitation) were the most common presenting complaints (n = 8)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163596/rad-seq-analysis-of-typical-and-minor-citrus-accessions-including-bhutanese-varieties
#16
Tshering Penjor, Takashi Mimura, Nobuhiro Kotoda, Ryoji Matsumoto, Atsushi J Nagano, Mie N Honjo, Hiroshi Kudoh, Masashi Yamamoto, Yukio Nagano
We analyzed the reduced-representation genome sequences of Citrus species by double-digest restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (ddRAD-Seq) using 44 accessions, including typical and minor accessions, such as Bhutanese varieties. The results of this analysis using typical accessions were consistent with previous reports that citron, papeda, pummelo, and mandarin are ancestral species, and that most Citrus species are derivatives or hybrids of these four species. Citrus varieties often reproduce asexually and heterozygosity is highly conserved within each variety...
December 2016: Breeding Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088173/high-risk-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-abnormal-cervical-cytology-among-nepali-and-bhutanese-refugee-women-living-in-eastern-nepal
#17
Madhav P Bhatta, Derek C Johnson, Mingma Lama, Shilu Aryal, Pema Lhaki, Sadeep Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality among women in Nepal and Bhutan. Data on high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and cervical abnormalities among Nepali and Bhutanese women are sparse. The objectives of this study were to assess and compare the prevalence of HR-HPV infection and cervical abnormalities among Nepali and Bhutanese women living in Jhapa District in eastern Nepal; and examine the risk factors for HR-HPV infection and cervical abnormalities in those women...
January 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025118/detection-of-echinococcus-granulosus-and-echinococcus-ortleppi-in-bhutan
#18
Nirmal Kumar Thapa, Maria Teresa Armua-Fernandez, Dukpa Kinzang, Ratna B Gurung, Phuntsho Wangdi, Peter Deplazes
In this pilot study, fecal samples were collected from community dogs around slaughterhouses and from the city of Thimphu (n=138) as well as from carnivores in the forest area around a farm in Bhutan (n=28). Samples were analyzed microscopically for the presence of taeniid eggs by the floatation and sieving method. Further molecular analyses of 20 samples of community dogs positive for taeniid eggs confirmed 10 Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato and one Taenia hydatigena case. From 14 environmental fecal samples from the forest area positive for taeniid eggs, one contained E...
April 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994284/assessment-of-ebola-virus-disease-preparedness-in-the-who-south-east-asia-region
#19
Sirenda Vong, Reuben Samuel, Philip Gould, Hammam El Sakka, Bardan J Rana, Vason Pinyowiwat, Supriya Bezbaruah, Roderico Ofrin
OBJECTIVE: To conduct assessments of Ebola virus disease preparedness in countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region. METHODS: Nine of 11 countries in the region agreed to be assessed. During February to November 2015 a joint team from WHO and ministries of health conducted 4-5 day missions to Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Timor-Leste. We collected information through guided discussions with senior technical leaders and visits to hospitals, laboratories and airports...
December 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990338/ima-genome-f-7-draft-genome-sequences-for-ceratocystis-fagacearum-c-harringtonii-grosmannia-penicillata-and-huntiella-bhutanensis
#20
Brenda D Wingfield, Tuan A Duong, Almuth Hammerbacher, Magriet A van der Nest, Andi Wilson, Runlei Chang, Z Wilhelm de Beer, Emma T Steenkamp, P Markus Wilken, Kershney Naidoo, Michael J Wingfield
Draft genomes for the fungi Ceratocystis fagacearum, C. harringtonii, Grosmannia penicillata, and Huntiella bhutanensis are presented. Ceratocystis fagacearum is a major causal agent of vascular wilt of oaks and other trees in the family Fagaceae. Ceratocystis harringtonii, previously known as C. populicola, causes disease in Populus species in the USA and Canada. Grosmannia penicillata is the causal agent of bluestain of sapwood on various conifers, including Picea spp. and Pinus spp. in Europe. Huntiella bhutanensis is a fungus in Ceratocystidaceae and known only in association with the bark beetle Ips schmutzenhorferi that infests Picea spinulosa in Bhutan...
December 2016: IMA Fungus
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