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Adverse childhood experiences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525611/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-higher-level-functional-limitations-among-older-japanese-people-results-from-the-jages-study
#1
Airi Amemiya, Takeo Fujiwara, Hiroshi Murayama, Yukako Tani, Katsunori Kondo
Background.: A life-course perspective is essential in understanding the determinants of higher-level functional limitations. We examine the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on higher-level functional limitations in older people. Methods.: Data were from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study 2013, a population-based cohort of independent people aged 65 years or older across Japan (n = 19,220). ACEs before the age of 18 were assessed in terms of seven adversities: parental death, parental divorce, parental mental illness, family violence, physical abuse, psychological neglect, and psychological abuse...
May 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513351/mind-the-fathers-associations-of-parental-childhood-adversities-with-borderline-personality-disorder-pathology-in-female-adolescents
#2
Corinna Reichl, Romuald Brunner, Anna Fuchs, Birger Holz, Peter Parzer, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
Previous research revealed significant relations between the experience of childhood adversity (CA) and the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adulthood. However, it is still uncertain whether parental CA could have a transgenerational association with adolescent BPD. We investigated associations between parents' CA (antipathy, neglect, physical abuse) and BPD traits within a clinical adolescent sample and tested for mediating variables. The sample consists of 91 female inpatients, along with 84 mothers and 59 fathers...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509616/depersonalization-adversity-emotionality-and-coping-with-stressful-situations
#3
Paula Thomson, S Victoria Jaque
Depersonalization is defined as persistent or recurrent episodes of feeling detached or estranged from a sense of self and the world. This study addressed the primary question: Do non-clinical individuals who endorse high symptomatic depersonalization have inherently more intense emotional responses, along with more childhood adversity and past trauma? In this IRB approved study, participants who met clinical levels of depersonalization (n = 43, 16.3%) were compared to a group without clinical levels of depersonalization (n = 221, 83...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509376/adverse-childhood-experiences-aces-stress-and-mental-health-in-college-students
#4
Canan Karatekin
The goal of this short-term longitudinal study was to examine whether adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) could be used to identify college students at risk for mental health problems and whether current level of stress mediates the relationship between ACEs and mental health. Data on ACEs and mental health (depression, anxiety and suicidality) were collected at the beginning of the semester, and data on current stressors and mental health were collected toward the end of the semester (n = 239). Findings indicated that ACEs predicted worsening of mental health over the course of a semester and suggested current number of stressors as a mediator of the relationship between ACEs and mental health...
May 16, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502272/adverse-childhood-experiences-exposure-to-a-natural-disaster-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-survivors-of-the-2011-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-tsunami
#5
Y Inoue, A Stickley, A Yazawa, J Aida, I Kawachi, K Kondo, T Fujiwara
AIMS: To investigate whether adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) modify the impact of exposure to a natural disaster (the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami) on the occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among older people. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES), which is an on-going epidemiological survey investigating social determinants of health among older people across Japan. Information on PTSD symptoms based on the Screening Questionnaire for Disaster Mental Health, traumatic exposure to the earthquake (i...
May 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500922/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicide-attempts-among-those-with-mental-and-substance-use-disorders
#6
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti, Steven P Segal
Using the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions data, we examined the associations of ten types of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with (1) lifetime suicide attempts and (2) number and age of attempts among U.S. adults aged 18+. In a case-control design, suicide attempters (5.14% of the full sample) were matched with never attempters (matched sample N=3912) on nine mental and substance use disorders. ACE rates were higher among attempters (3.30 [SE=0.07]) than their matched controls (2...
May 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500481/pathways-linking-adverse-childhood-experiences-to-cigarette-smoking-among-young-black-men-a-prospective-analysis-of-the-role-of-sleep-problems-and-delayed-reward-discounting
#7
Assaf Oshri, Steven Kogan, Sihong Liu, Lawrence Sweet, James Mackillop
BACKGROUND: African American men experience increases in smoking during the young adult transition. Exposure to childhood adversity, a risk factor which disproportionately affects African American men, has been identified as a robust precursor to health risk behavior in general and cigarette smoking in particular. The intermediate mechanisms that transmit the influence of early adversity to smoking behavior are not well understood. PURPOSE: We tested a model of the escalation of smoking behaviors among young adult African American men, investigating sleep disturbance and delayed reward discounting as intermediate factors linking adverse childhood experiences with smoking...
May 12, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498730/exploring-the-association-of-maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-maternal-health-and-child-behavior-following-intimate-partner-violence
#8
Nina Fredland, Judith McFarlane, Lene Symes, John Maddoux
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been empirically linked to a host of negative health outcomes, both physical and psychosocial. Exposures to ACEs make individuals more susceptible to conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers, and depression. Many of these conditions do not appear until sometime in adolescence or adulthood and have been linked to premature death. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the association between the number and type of exposure to ACEs in women (mothers) who experienced intimate partner violence and health outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496286/mental-health-interventions-for-children-in-foster-care-a-systematic-review
#9
Erin P Hambrick, Shani Oppenheim-Weller, Amanda M N'zi, Heather N Taussig
Children in foster care have high rates of adverse childhood experiences and are at risk for mental health problems. These problems can be difficult to ameliorate, creating a need for rigorous intervention research. Previous research suggests that intervening with children in foster care can be challenging for several reasons, including the severity and complexity of their mental health problems, and challenges engaging this often transitory population in mental health services. The goal of this article was to systematically review the intervention research that has been conducted with children in foster care, and to identify future research directions...
November 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493336/de-novo-advanced-adult-onset-offending-new-evidence-from-a-population-of-federal-correctional-clients
#10
Matt DeLisi, Katherine N Tahja, Alan J Drury, Michael J Elbert, Daniel E Caropreso, Timothy Heinrichs
Adult antisocial behavior is almost always predated by delinquency during childhood or adolescence; however, there is also evidence of adult-onset criminal offending. This study examined this controversial subgroup of offenders using self-reported and official data from a total population of federal correctional clients selected from the Midwestern United States. Difference of means t-tests, chi-square tests, and logistic regression models found that 11.7% of clients had an adult onset of offending and 2.7% of clients (n = 23) had an onset occurring at age 60 years or older...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488289/adversity-and-resilience-amongst-resettling-western-australian-paediatric-refugees
#11
Gemma Hanes, Lydia Sung, Raewyn Mutch, Sarah Cherian
AIM: Cumulative adverse childhood experiences have long-term consequences and may manifest within and influence health, educational and psychosocial domains. The Princess Margaret Hospital Refugee Health Service (RHS) undertakes multidisciplinary screening of refugee children <16 years, allowing standardised identification of negative childhood experiences. Addition of the extended Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in 2014 aimed to augment psychological assessment of this cohort...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483301/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicide-risk-toward-comprehensive-prevention
#12
Katie A Ports, Melissa T Merrick, Deborah M Stone, Natalie J Wilkins, Jerry Reed, Julie Ebin, Derek C Ford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483087/suicidal-behaviors-and-associated-factors-among-university-students-in-six-countries-in-the-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean
#13
Karl Peltzer, Siyan Yi, Supa Pengpid
A large data gap remains on suicidal behaviors among youth in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries, despite the increasing rates of suicide in Asian cultures that may be related to rapid economic changes and the loss of social stability. This study was therefore conducted to explore the prevalence of and factors associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among university students in six ASEAN member states. Data were collected in a cross-sectional survey of 4675 undergraduate university students, mean age 20...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482745/lifecourse-adversity-and-telomere-length-in-older-women-from-northeast-brazil
#14
Bruna Silva Oliveira, Maria Victoria Zunzunegui, Jacklyn Quinlan, Silvia Regina Batistuzzo de Medeiros, Ronaldo Luis Thomasini, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
We examined associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and shorter telomere length (TL) in 83 older women, including 42 women with less than secondary education and 41 with secondary or more education in a city of Northeast Brazil, a region with substantial socioeconomic inequalities. The low education sample was selected from a representative survey at local neighborhood health centers, while the high education group consisted of a convenience sample recruited by advertising in community centers and centers affiliated with the local university...
May 8, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475902/longitudinal-associations-of-experiences-of-adversity-and-socioeconomic-disadvantage-during-childhood-with-labour-force-participation-and-exit-in-later-adulthood
#15
A E Fahy, S A Stansfeld, M Smuk, D Lain, M van der Horst, S Vickerstaff, C Clark
The Extending Working Lives (EWL) agenda seeks to sustain employment up to and beyond traditional retirement ages. This study examined the potential role of childhood factors in shaping labour force participation and exit among older adults, with a view to informing proactive interventions early in the life-course to enhance individuals' future capacity for extending their working lives. Childhood adversity and socioeconomic disadvantage have previously been linked to ill-health across the life-span and sickness benefit in early adulthood...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473776/the-role-of-trauma-and-stressful-life-events-among-individuals-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Danessa Mayo, Sarah Corey, Leah H Kelly, Seghel Yohannes, Alyssa L Youngquist, Barbara K Stuart, Tara A Niendam, Rachel L Loewy
The experience of childhood trauma (CT) and stressful life events (SLEs) is associated with subsequent development of a variety of mental health conditions, including psychotic illness. Recent research identifying adolescents and young adults at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis allows for prospective evaluation of the impact of trauma and adverse life events on psychosis onset and other outcomes, addressing etiological questions that cannot be answered in studies of fully psychotic or non-clinical populations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472698/colorectal-cancer-screening-and-adverse-childhood-experiences-which-adversities-matter
#17
Héctor E Alcalá, Jessica Keim-Malpass, Emma Mitchell
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) have been associated with an increased risk of a variety of diseases, including cancer. However, research has not paid enough attention to the association between ACEs and cancer screening. As such, the present study examined the association between ACEs and ever using colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, among adults age 50 and over. Analyses used the 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n=24,938) to model odds of ever engaging in CRC screening from nine different adversities...
May 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467102/interpersonal-violence-early-life-adversity-and-suicidal-behavior-in-hypersexual-men
#18
Andreas Chatzittofis, Josephine Savard, Stefan Arver, Katarina Görts Öberg, Jonas Hallberg, Peter Nordström, Jussi Jokinen
Background and aims There are significant gaps in knowledge regarding the role of childhood adversity, interpersonal violence, and suicidal behavior in hypersexual disorder (HD). The aim of this study was to investigate interpersonal violence in hypersexual men compared with healthy volunteers and the experience of violence in relation to suicidal behavior. Methods This case-control study includes 67 male patients with HD and 40 healthy male volunteers. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire - Short Form (CTQ-SF) and the Karolinska Interpersonal Violence Scale (KIVS) were used for assessing early life adversity and interpersonal violence in childhood and in adult life...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458409/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-youth-aging-out-of-foster-care-a-latent-class-analysis
#19
Rebecca Rebbe, Paula S Nurius, Kym R Ahrens, Mark E Courtney
Research has demonstrated that youth who age out, or emancipate, from foster care face deleterious outcomes across a variety of domains in early adulthood. This article builds on this knowledge base by investigating the role of adverse childhood experience accumulation and composition on these outcomes. A latent class analysis was performed to identify three subgroups: Complex Adversity, Environmental Adversity, and Lower Adversity. Differences are found amongst the classes in terms of young adult outcomes in terms of socio-economic outcomes, psychosocial problems, and criminal behaviors...
March 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455574/action-steps-using-aces-and-trauma-informed-care-a-resilience-model
#20
Laurie Leitch
This paper 1) discusses two important contributions that are shaping work with vulnerable and under-resourced populations: Kaiser Permanente's (1998) Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE) which includes the impact of adverse experiences in childhood on adult health and health behaviors and the more recent advent of what has come to be known as Trauma-Informed Care (TIC), programs which incorporate knowledge of the impact of early trauma into policies and programs. 2) Despite many positive benefits that have come from both contributions there are unintended consequences, described in the paper, that have an impact on research and program evaluation as well as social policies and programs...
December 2017: Health & Justice
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