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Adverse childhood experiences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211557/associations-of-selected-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-with-biographical-context-in-patients-of-a-day-hospital-for-neurotic-disorders
#1
Michał Skalski, Jerzy A Sobański, Tomasz Golabek, Agata Świerkosz, Katarzyna Klasa, Mikołaj Przydacz, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Edyta Dembińska, Michał Mielimąka, Katarzyna Cyranka, Piotr Chłosta, Dominika Dudek
OBJECTIVES: To assess the correlation of subjectively estimated biographical context and lower urinary tract symptoms reported by patients with neurotic and personality disorders. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the biographical context of co-existence of urinary frequency and urinary incontinence reported by 3,929 patients in a day hospital for treatment of neurotic disorders. The symptom checklists KO "0" were completed by patients prior to any treatment...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204999/the-potential-protective-role-of-peer-relationships-on-school-engagement-in-at-risk-adolescents
#2
Jacqueline O Moses, Miguel T Villodas
Negative outcomes associated with adverse childhood experiences are well established, but little is known about protective factors that could promote positive adjustment among high-risk youth. This study examined the potential protective role of positive peer relationships in the association between adverse childhood experiences and school engagement among at-risk adolescents. Data were collected prospectively from birth until age 16 from 831 diverse adolescents (52.6% female; 54% African American, 24% Caucasian) who were at-risk for family violence and their caregivers...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202323/cumulative-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-sexual-satisfaction-in-sex-therapy-patients-what-role-for-symptom-complexity
#3
Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout, Martine Hébert, Stéphane Sabourin
INTRODUCTION: Patients consulting for sexual difficulties frequently present additional personal or relational disorders and symptoms. This is especially the case when they have experienced cumulative adverse childhood experiences (CACEs), which are associated with symptom complexity. CACEs refer to the extent to which an individual has experienced an accumulation of different types of adverse childhood experiences including sexual, physical, and psychological abuse; neglect; exposure to inter-parental violence; and bullying...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198648/quality-of-life-among-senior-citizens-in-bhutan
#4
Nidup Dorji, Michael P Dunne, Charrlotte Seib, Sibnath Deb
This study explored associations between quality of life (QOL), spirituality, social integration, chronic diseases, and lifetime adversity among people aged 60 years and older in Bhutan. Adults aged 60 to 101 years (n = 337) completed face-to-face interviews. The main measure included the World Health Organization QOL questionnaire and Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire. The social relationships domain of QOL had the highest mean. Frequent back pain, memory decline, depression, mobility impairment, insomnia, and lung diseases were commonly reported and negatively related to QOL...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196559/the-link-between-childhood-adversity-and-late-life-mental-health-evidence-for-the-influence-of-early-life-experiences-or-illusory-correlations
#5
Tracy D Vannorsdall, Cynthia A Munro
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) reflect stressful or traumatic early life events such as abuse, neglect, and significant household challenges. These experiences are increasingly appreciated as factors that exert influence on physical and mental functioning throughout the lifespan. Numerous studies have demonstrated dose-response relationships between the number of ACEs reported and negative health outcomes in adulthood (Anda et al., 2006). At the same time, evidence points to the role of ACEs in the development of heightened biological reactivity to stress that may serve to increase vulnerability to the development of mental and substance use disorders (e...
March 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166574/adverse-childhood-experiences-survey-of-resident-practice-knowledge-and-attitude
#6
Wendy Tink, Jessica C Tink, Tanvir C Turin, Martina Kelly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) affect 20%-50% of adults and are associated with considerable adult chronic disease, unhealthy behavior, and early mortality. Physicians seldom identify this history although identification can improve health. Low screening rates are attributed to poor physician knowledge of ACEs and barriers to screening, including a lack of confidence to screen and insufficient training. Female physicians and physicians with personal ACE histories report more confidence to screen and fewer time barriers...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166573/the-child-is-the-father-of-the-man-family-physicians-screening-for-adverse-childhood-experiences
#7
Joshua Freeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160276/harm-avoidance-and-childhood-adversities-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-their-unaffected-first-degree-relatives
#8
K Bey, L Lennertz, A Riesel, J Klawohn, C Kaufmann, S Heinzel, R Grützmann, N Kathmann, M Wagner
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is assumed to involve interactions between genetically determined vulnerability factors and significant environmental features. Here, we aim to investigate how the personality trait harm avoidance and the experience of childhood adversities contribute to OCD. METHOD: A total of 169 patients with OCD, 157 healthy comparison subjects, and 57 unaffected first-degree relatives of patients with OCD participated in the study...
February 3, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150975/witnessing-domestic-violence-during-childhood-is-associated-with-psychopathic-traits-in-adult-male-criminal-offenders
#9
Monika Dargis, Michael Koenigs
While there is growing evidence that suffering physical abuse during childhood is subsequently associated with psychopathic traits in both juvenile and adult offenders, there is considerably less research on whether exposure to domestic violence as a witness, rather than as a direct victim, influences the subsequent presentation of psychopathic traits in adulthood. Accordingly, the current study examined the relationship between witnessing domestic violence during childhood (i.e., witnessing, hearing, or intervening in abuse against a parent/sibling) and psychopathic traits in adulthood in a sample of n = 127 incarcerated male offenders...
February 2, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145794/the-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experience-on-clinical-diagnosis-of-a-substance-use-disorder-results-of-a-nationally-representative-study
#10
McKenzie Lynn LeTendre, Mark B Reed
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse is one of the most common health outcomes associated with adverse childhood experience, and poses a significant public health threat. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate a relationship between adverse childhood experience and a substance use disorder using nationally representative data as well as to test whether religion moderates this relationship. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 11,279)...
February 1, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135757/-validation-of-the-german-translation-of-the-revised-trauma-symptom-inventory-tsi-2-to-assess-complex-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#11
Sandy Krammer, Heidi Grossenbacher, Nathalie Goldstein, Carole Kaufmann, Alesia Schwenzel, Michael Soyka
The study aimed to validate the German version of the revised Trauma Symptom Inventory (TSI-2) by John Briere. TSI-2 assesses complex posttraumatic stress symptoms. In order to validate it, further instruments were applied, namely the Adverse Childhood Experience Scale, the CIDI list, the revised Impact of Event-Scale, the interview for complex posttraumatic stress disorder, the revised symptom checklist 90, the dissociative experiences scale, the inventory for interpersonal problems, and the self-efficacy questionnaire...
January 30, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134495/pathways-from-witnessing-parental-violence-during-childhood-to-involvement-in-intimate-partner-violence-in-adult-life-the-roles-of-depression-and-substance-use
#12
Clarice S Madruga, Maria Carmen Viana, Renata Rigacci Abdalla, Raul Caetano, Ronaldo Laranjeira
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of witnessing parental violence (WPV) during childhood and of current intimate partner violence (IPV) victimisation and aggression in a Brazilian sample, in order to verify pathways between WPV and involvement in IPV as an adult. DESIGN AND METHODS: The mediating roles of substance use and depression were investigated. Data came from the Second Brazilian National Alcohol and Drugs Survey, a multi-cluster probabilistic household survey, which gathered information on the use of psychoactive substances, current depressive disorder, history of childhood direct and indirect exposure to domestic violence and IPV in a nationally representative sample...
January 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134494/controlling-behaviours-and-technology-facilitated-abuse-perpetrated-by-men-receiving-substance-use-treatment-in-england-and-brazil-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#13
Gail Gilchrist, Martha Canfield, Polly Radcliffe, Ana Flavia Pires Lucas D'Oliveira
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Controlling behaviours are highly prevalent forms of non-physical intimate partner violence (IPV). The prevalence of perpetrating controlling behaviours and technology-facilitated abuse (TFA) was compared by men receiving substance use treatment in England (n = 223) and Brazil (n = 280). Factors associated with perpetrating these behaviours towards their current/most recent partner and their association with other types of IPV were explored. DESIGN AND METHODS: Secondary analysis from two cross-sectional studies was performed...
January 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131947/cumulative-childhood-maltreatment-and-its-dose-response-relation-with-adult-symptomatology-findings-in-a-sample-of-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#14
Iris M Steine, Dagfinn Winje, John H Krystal, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Anne Marita Milde, Janne Grønli, Inger Hilde Nordhus, Ståle Pallesen
In the present study, we examined the role of cumulative childhood maltreatment experiences for several health related outcomes in adulthood, including symptoms of psychological distress as well as perceived social support and hardiness. The sample comprised adult survivors of sexual abuse (N=278, 95.3% women, mean age at first abusive incident=6.4 years). One-way ANOVAs revealed a statistically significant dose-response relation between cumulative childhood maltreatment scores and self-reported symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS), anxiety, depression, eating disorders, dissociation, insomnia, nightmare related distress, physical pain, emotional pain, relational problems, self-harm behaviors as well as on a measure of symptom complexity...
January 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126359/spanking-and-adult-mental-health-impairment-the-case-for-the-designation-of-spanking-as-an-adverse-childhood-experience
#15
Tracie O Afifi, Derek Ford, Elizabeth T Gershoff, Melissa Merrick, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Katie A Ports, Harriet L MacMillan, George W Holden, Catherine A Taylor, Shawna J Lee, Robbyn Peters Bennett
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) such as child abuse are related to poor health outcomes. Spanking has indicated a similar association with health outcomes, but to date has not been considered an ACE. Physical and emotional abuse have been shown in previous research to correlate highly and may be similar in nature to spanking. To determine if spanking should be considered an ACE, this study aimed to examine 1): the grouping of spanking with physical and emotional abuse; and 2) if spanking has similar associations with poor adult health problems and accounts for additional model variance...
January 23, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114773/consequences-of-violence-across-the-lifespan-mental-health-and-sleep-quality-in-pregnant-women
#16
Laura E Miller-Graff, Philip Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Research has demonstrated that exposure to violence and adversity has negative effects on both mental health and biobehavioral outcomes, such as sleep health. Research examining the relationship between past and recent violence exposure and mental health suggests that the effects of childhood adversity are especially pernicious, but to date, no studies have attempted to disentangle the direct, indirect and relative effects of past year versus childhood exposure to violence and adversity on sleep...
January 23, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108873/does-employment-related-resilience-affect-the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-community-violence-and-depression
#17
Seth L Welles, Falguni Patel, Mariana Chilton
Depression is a barrier to employment among low-income caregivers receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and exposure to community violence (ECV) are often associated with depression. Using baseline data of 103 TANF caregivers of young children of the Building Wealth and Health Network Randomized Controlled Trial Pilot, this study investigated associations of two forms of employment-related resilience-self-efficacy and employment hope-with exposure to adversity/violence and depression, measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) short form...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106669/translational-studies-identify-long-term-impact-of-prior-neonatal-pain-experience
#18
Suellen M Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101905/mapping-the-road-from-childhood-adversity-to-personality-disorder-the-role-of-unresolved-states-of-mind
#19
Antonella Cirasola, Saul Hillman, Peter Fonagy, Marco Chiesa
Childhood adversity has been found to be an important aetiological factor in the development of personality disorder (PD) in several studies. However, the role of disorganized attachment with unresolved mental states for traumatic experiences requires further investigation. This study explores the relationship between childhood adversities, unresolved states of mind, PD diagnosis and psychiatric distress. Two hundred forty-five adult participants, 124 from a clinical PD group and 121 non-psychiatric controls were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, the Cassel Baseline Questionnaire, the Symptom Checklist-90-R and the Adult Attachment Interview, in order to ascertain presence of PD, childhood adversity, level of psychiatric distress and unresolved states of mind...
January 19, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101530/integrative-analysis-of-disease-signatures-shows-inflammation-disrupts-juvenile-experience-dependent-cortical-plasticity
#20
Milo R Smith, Poromendro Burman, Masato Sadahiro, Brian A Kidd, Joel T Dudley, Hirofumi Morishita
Throughout childhood and adolescence, periods of heightened neuroplasticity are critical for the development of healthy brain function and behavior. Given the high prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders, such as autism, identifying disruptors of developmental plasticity represents an essential step for developing strategies for prevention and intervention. Applying a novel computational approach that systematically assessed connections between 436 transcriptional signatures of disease and multiple signatures of neuroplasticity, we identified inflammation as a common pathological process central to a diverse set of diseases predicted to dysregulate plasticity signatures...
November 2016: ENeuro
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