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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548289/effects-of-food-borne-nanomaterials-on-gastrointestinal-tissues-and-microbiota
#1
REVIEW
Hans Bouwmeester, Meike van der Zande, Mark A Jepson
Ingestion of engineered nanomaterials is inevitable due to their addition to food and prevalence in food packaging and domestic products such as toothpaste and sun cream. In the absence of robust dosimetry and particokinetic data, it is currently challenging to accurately assess the potential toxicity of food-borne nanomaterials. Herein, we review current understanding of gastrointestinal uptake mechanisms, consider some data on the potential for toxicity of the most commonly encountered classes of food-borne nanomaterials (including TiO2 , SiO2, ZnO, and Ag nanoparticles), and discuss the potential impact of the luminal environment on nanoparticle properties and toxicity...
May 26, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539585/natural-convection-flow-of-a-nanofluid-in-an-inclined-square-enclosure-partially-filled-with-a-porous-medium
#2
A I Alsabery, A J Chamkha, H Saleh, I Hashim
This work analyses free convection flow of a nanofluid in an inclined square enclosure consisting of a porous layer and a nanofluid layer using the finite difference methodology. Sinusoidal temperature boundary conditions are imposed on the two opposing vertical walls. Nanofluids with water as base and Ag or Cu or Al2O3 or TiO2 nanoparticles are considered for the problem. The related parameters of this study are the Darcy number, nanoparticle volume fraction, phase deviation, amplitude ratio, porous layer thickness and the inclination angle of the cavity...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534918/fabrication-of-metal-semiconductor-nanocomposites-by-selective-laser-nano-welding
#3
Huiwu Yu, Xiangyou Li, Zhongqi Hao, Wei Xiong, Lianbo Guo, Yongfeng Lu, Rongxing Yi, Jiaming Li, Xinyan Yang, Xiaoyan Zeng
A green and simple method to prepare metal/semiconductor nanocomposites by selective laser nano-welding metal and semiconductor nanoparticles was presented, in which the sizes, phases, and morphologies of the components can be maintained. Many types of nanocomposites (such as Ag/TiO2, Ag/SnO2, Ag/ZnO2, Pt/TiO2, Pt/SnO2, and Pt/ZnO) can be prepared by this method and their corresponding performances were enhanced.
May 23, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507303/silver-nanoparticles-decorated-titanium-oxynitride-nanotube-arrays-for-enhanced-solar-fuel-generation
#4
Khaled A Soliman, Abdallah F Zedan, Ahmed Khalifa, Hany A El-Sayed, Amina S Aljaber, Siham Y AlQaradawi, Nageh K Allam
We demonstrate, for the first time, the synthesis of highly ordered titanium oxynitride nanotube arrays sensitized with Ag nanoparticles (Ag/TiON) as an attractive class of materials for visible-light-driven water splitting. The nanostructure topology of TiO2, TiON and Ag/TiON was investigated using FESEM and TEM. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and the energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analyses confirm the formation of the oxynitride structure. Upon their use to split water photoelectrochemically under AM 1...
May 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497205/transmission-electron-microscopy-artifacts-in-characterization-of-the-nanomaterial-cell-interactions
#5
Yu Hang Leung, Mu Yao Guo, Angel P Y Ma, Alan M C Ng, Aleksandra B Djurišić, Natalie Degger, Frederick C C Leung
We investigated transmission electron microscopy artifacts obtained using standard sample preparation protocols applied to the investigation of Escherichia coli cells exposed to common nanomaterials, such as TiO2, Ag, ZnO, and MgO. While the common protocols for some nanomaterials result only in known issues of nanomaterial-independent generation of anomalous deposits due to fixation and staining, for others, there are reactions between the nanomaterial and chemicals used for post-fixation or staining. Only in the case of TiO2 do we observe only the known issues of nanomaterial-independent generation of anomalous deposits due to exceptional chemical stability of this material...
May 11, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493879/heterogeneous-ag-tio2-sio2-composite-materials-as-novel-catalytic-systems-for-selective-epoxidation-of-cyclohexene-by-h2o2
#6
Xin Wang, Jianyue Xue, Xinyun Wang, Xiaoheng Liu
TiO2-SiO2 composites were synthesized using cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) as the structure directing template. Self-assembly hexadecyltrimethyl- ammonium bromide TiO2-SiO2/(CTAB) were soaked into silver nitrate (AgNO3) aqueous solution. The Ag-TiO2-SiO2(Ag-TS) composite were prepared via a precipitation of AgBr in soaking process and its decomposition at calcination stage. Structural characterization of the materials was carried out by various techniques including X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), N2 adsorption-desorption and ultraviolet visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471649/three-dimensional-self-organization-in-nanocomposite-layered-systems-by-ultrafast-laser-pulses
#7
Zeming Liu, Jan Siegel, Mario Garcia-Lechuga, Thierry Epicier, Yaya Lefkir, Stéphanie Reynaud, Matthieu Bugnet, Francis Vocanson, Javier Solis, Guy Vitrant, Nathalie Destouches
Controlling plasmonic systems with nanometer resolution in transparent films and their colors over large nonplanar areas is a key issue for spreading their use in various industrial fields. Using light to direct self-organization mechanisms provides high-speed and flexible processes to meet this challenge. Here, we describe a route for the laser-induced self-organization of metallic nanostructures in 3D. Going beyond the production of planar nanopatterns, we demonstrate that ultrafast laser-induced excitation combined with nonlinear feedback mechanisms in a nanocomposite thin film can lead to 3D self-organized nanostructured films...
May 9, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463658/bactericidal-mechanisms-and-effector-targets-of-tio2-and-nbsp-ag-tio2-against-staphylococcus-aureus
#8
Xuhong Jiang, Bin Lv, Yuan Wang, Qianhong Shen, Xinmin Wang
PURPOSE: In our previous study, Ag+-loaded TiO2 and Ag+-loaded SiO2 coatings for tracheal intubation were prepared to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), but the antimicrobial targets and the underlying mechanisms of TiO2 and Ag-TiO2 (Ag+) are still unclear. We attempted to elucidate the antimicrobial activity and potential mechanisms against Staphylococcus aureus. METHODOLOGY: The study tested the TiO2 and Ag+ bacteriostatic activity against S. aureus strains by MIC assays and S...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463002/purely-visible-light-induced-photochromism-in-ag-tio2-nanoheterostructures
#9
D M Tobaldi, M J Hortigüela Gallo, G Otero-Irurueta, M K Singh, R C Pullar, M P Seabra, J A Labrincha
We report titania nanoheterostructures decorated with silver, exhibiting tuneable photochromic properties for the first time when stimulated only by visible white light (domestic indoor lamp), with no UV wavelengths. Photochromic materials show reversible color changes under light exposure. However, all inorganic photochromic nanoparticles (NPs) require UV light to operate. Conventionally, multicolor photochromism in Ag-TiO2 films involves a change in color to brownish-gray during UV-light irradiation (i.e...
May 10, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450968/visible-light-controlled-oxidation-of-glucose-using-titania-supported-silver-photocatalysts
#10
Luigi Da Vià, Carlo Recchi, Thomas E Davies, Nicholas Greeves, Jose A Lopez-Sanchez
The visible-light-mediated photo-catalytic selective valorisation of glucose using TiO2-supported Ag nanoparticles is shown for the first time. The optimisation of the catalyst composition, substrate-to-catalyst ratio and reaction medium proved that a near total suppression of the mineralisation pathway could be achieved with a selectivity to partial oxidation products and small-chain monosaccharides as high as 98 %. The primary products were determined to be gluconic acid, arabinose, erythrose, glyceraldehyde and formic acid...
November 22, 2016: ChemCatChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435943/influence-of-charged-defects-on-the-interfacial-bonding-strength-of-tantalum-and-silver-doped-nanograined-tio2
#11
Jalal Azadmanjiri, James Wang, Christopher C Berndt, Ajay Kapoor, De Ming Zhu, Andrew S M Ang, Vijay K Srivastava
A nano-grained layer including line defects was formed on the surface of a Ti alloy (Tialloy, Ti-6Al-4V ELI). Then, the micro- and nano-grained Tialloy with the formation of TiO2 on its top surface was coated with a bioactive Ta layer with or without incorporating an antibacterial agent of Ag that was manufactured by magnetron sputtering. Subsequently, the influence of the charged defects (the defects that can be electrically charged on the surface) on the interfacial bonding strength and hardness of the surface system was studied via an electronic model...
May 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429684/enhanced-photocathodic-protection-performance-of-ag-graphene-tio2-composite-for-304ss-under-visible-light
#12
Hong Li, Xiutong Wang, Qinyi Wei, Xueqing Liu, Zhouhai Qian, Baorong Hou
Ag and graphene co-sensitized TiO2 composites were successfully fabricated and used as photoanodes for photogenerated cathodic protection of 304 stainless steel (304SS) under visible light. Graphene films was firstly deposited onto the TiO2 nanotube (NT) films via cyclic voltammetric electrodeposition. Ag/graphene/TiO2 films were then fabricated via dipping and photoreduction method. The morphology, composition and optical response of the Ag/graphene/TiO2 NT composites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, UV-vis diffusion reflectance spectroscopy, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415389/antibacterial-osteogenic-and-angiogenic-activities-of-srtio3-nanotubes-embedded-with-ag2o-nanoparticles
#13
Yi Chen, Ang Gao, Long Bai, Yueyue Wang, Xin Wang, Xiangyu Zhang, Xiaobo Huang, Ruiqiang Hang, Bin Tang, Paul K Chu
Biomedical titanium (Ti) implants with good anti-infective, osteogenic, and angiogenic properties are in great demand. SrTiO3 nanotubes (NTs) are embedded with silver oxide (Ag2O) nanoparticles (NPs) (denoted as NT-Sr-Ag) by a hydrothermal treatment of TiO2 NTs containing Ag2O NPs (denoted as NT-Ag) in a Sr(OH)2 solution. The morphology, composition, microstructure, ion release phenomenon, as well as antibacterial, osteogenic, and angiogenic activities are investigated in details. During the hydrothermal treatment, the amorphous TiO2 in the NTs morphs into cubic SrTiO3 gradually and the ordered nanotubular architecture is preserved...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415382/alkali-etching-growth-of-nest-like-ag-mtio2-hierarchical-nanostructures-and-their-potential-applications
#14
Zongnan Zhang, Haijiao Zhang
Porous nanomaterials have attracted extensive interests in adsorption, catalysis, biosensors, and biomedicine due to their high surface area, well-defined pore structure and tunable pore size. However, how to obtain porous nanomaterials of desirable component and unique structure with multifunctionalities and synergetic properties is still a great challenge. In this work, a novel nest-like Ag@mTiO2 hierarchical nanostructure with Ag nanoparticle as the core and a mesoporous crystalline TiO2 as the protective shell was successfully prepared by layer-by-layer assembly technique and alkali-etching hydrothermal route...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408826/durable-antibacterial-and-uv-protective-ag-tio2-fabrics-for-sustainable-biomedical-application
#15
Shuhui Li, Tianxue Zhu, Jianying Huang, Qingqing Guo, Guoqiang Chen, Yuekun Lai
A facile method was developed to endow cotton fabric with remarkable antibacterial and ultraviolet (UV)-protective properties. The flower-like TiO2 micro-nanoparticles were first deposited onto cotton fabric surface via hydrothermal deposition method. Then, the Ag NPs with a high deposition density were evenly formed onto TiO2@cotton surface by sodium hydroxide solution pretreatment and followed by in situ reduction of ANO3. This work focused on the influence of different hydrothermal reaction durations and the concentration of AgNO3 on antibacterial activity against relevant microorganisms in medicine as well as on the UV-blocking property...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394702/removal-of-phenanthrene-in-aqueous-solution-containing-photon-competitors-by-tio2-c-ag-film-supported-on-fiberglass
#16
Denisse Fabiola González-Ramírez, Pedro Ávila-Pérez, Luis G Torres-Bustillos, Ricardo Aguilar-López, María C Montes-Horcasitas, Fernando J Esparza-García, Refugio Rodríguez-Vázquez
Surface interactions with pollutants and photons are key factors that affect the applications of TiO2 in environmental remediation. In this study, the solubilizing agents dimethylsulfoxide and polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, which act as photon competitors, had no effect on the photocatalytic activity of TiO2-C-Ag film in phenanthrene (PHE) removal. Fiberglass with TiO2-C-Ag coating removed 91.1 ± 5.2 and 99.7 ± 0.4% of PHE in treatments using UVA (365-465 nm) and UVC (254 nm) irradiation, respectively...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367755/the-impact-of-nanoparticles-on-aerobic-degradation-of-municipal-solid-waste
#17
Senem Yazici Guvenc, Burcu Alan, Elanur Adar, Mehmet Sinan Bilgili
The amount of nanoparticles released from industrial and consumer products has increased rapidly in the last decade. These products may enter landfills directly or indirectly after the end of their useful life. In order to determine the impact of TiO2 and Ag nanoparticles on aerobic landfilling processes, municipal solid waste was loaded to three pilot-scale aerobic landfill bioreactors (80 cm diameter and 350 cm height) and exposed to TiO2 (AT) and Ag (AA) nanoparticles at total concentrations of 100 mg kg(-1) of solid waste...
April 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358292/pulmonary-exposure-to-metallic-nanomaterials-during-pregnancy-irreversibly-impairs-lung-development-of-the-offspring
#18
Emmanuel Paul, Marie-Laure Franco-Montoya, Erwan Paineau, Bernard Angeletti, Shamila Vibhushan, Audrey Ridoux, Arnaud Tiendrebeogo, Murielle Salome, Bernhard Hesse, Delphine Vantelon, Jérôme Rose, Florence Canouï-Poitrine, Jorge Boczkowski, Sophie Lanone, Christophe Delacourt, Jean-Claude Pairon
Due to the growing commercial applications of manufactured nanoparticles (NPs), toxicological studies on NPs, especially during the critical window of development, are of major importance. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of respiratory exposure to metallic and metal oxide NPs during pregnancy on lung development of the offspring and to determine the key parameters involved in lung alterations. Pregnant mice were exposed to weekly doses of 100 μg (total dose 300 μg) of titanium dioxide (TiO2), cerium oxide (CeO2), silver (Ag) NPs or saline solution by nonsurgical intratracheal instillation...
April 17, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342335/enhanced-antimicrobial-efficacy-of-thermal-reduced-silver-nanoparticles-supported-by-titanium-dioxide
#19
Yen-Chi Chen, Kuo-Pin Yu
The antimicrobial efficacy of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is influenced by many factors, including the particle size, AgNP oxidation state and support materials. In this study, AgNPs are synthesized and supported by two types of TiO2 powders (P25 and Merck TiO2) using two heat-treatment temperatures (120 and 200°C). The formation of well-dispersed AgNPs with diameters ranging from 3.2 to 5.7nm was confirmed using transmission electron microscopy. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction indicated that the majority of the AgNPs were reduced from Ag(+) to Ag(0) at 200°C...
June 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332611/visible-light-focusing-flat-lenses-based-on-hybrid-dielectric-metal-metasurface-reflector-arrays
#20
Qingbin Fan, Pengcheng Huo, Daopeng Wang, Yuzhang Liang, Feng Yan, Ting Xu
Conventional metasurface reflector-arrays based on metallic resonant nanoantenna to control the wavefront of light for focusing always suffer from strong ohmic loss at optical frequencies. Here, we overcome this challenge by constructing a non-resonant, hybrid dielectric-metal configuration consisting of TiO2 nanofins associated with an Ag reflector substrate that provides a broadband response and high polarization conversion efficiency in the visible range. A reflective flat lens based on this configuration shows an excellent focusing performance with the spot size close to the diffraction limit...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
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