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Ag TiO2

Tianyou Peng, Jingpeng Jin, Jiang Luo, Lin Zan
A new kind of metallic Cu-loaded brookite TiO2 composite, in which Cu nanoclusters with small size of 1-3 nm are decorated on brookite TiO2 quasi nanocubes (BTN) surfaces (hereafter referred as Cu-BTN), is synthesized via a one-pot hydrothermal process, and then used as photocatalyst for CO2 reduction. It was found that the decoration of Cu nanoclusters on BTN surfaces can improve the activity and selectivity of CO2 photoreduction to CH4 production, and 1.5% Cu-BTN gives the maximum overall photocatalytic activity (150...
July 18, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Shih-Yun Chen, Eric Tseng, Yi-Ta Lai, William Lee, Alexandre Gloter
Enhancement of room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM) has been achieved with core-shell metal-oxide nanoparticles (Ag@CeO2). To enhance the magnetic properties, interfacial charge transfer is achieved via the formation of a core-shell interface. Furthermore, by varying the shell thicknesses, additional control of the RTFM can be obtained. The Ag@CeO2 core-shell nanoparticles are synthesized successfully via a two-step method. Ag nanoparticles (NPs) are first synthesized on a TiO2 substrate by a thermally assisted photoreduction method, and then CeO2 NPs are deposited on the surface of Ag NPs by chemical reduction...
July 18, 2017: Nanoscale
Rongrong Chen, Zhihui Han, Zhuoli Huang, Junu Karki, Chenxin Wang, Bangshang Zhu, Xiuyin Zhang
Silanized aluminum borate whiskers (ABWs) of 4 wt%, silanized zirconium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-ZrO2) of 2 wt% were mixed with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) powder to get ZrO2-ABWs/PMMA composites. Titanium dioxide (TiO2), silver-supported titanium dioxide (Ag/TiO2), silver-supported zirconium phosphate (Novaron) and tetrapod-like zinc oxide whiskers (T-ZnOw) antibacterial agents of 3 wt% were mixed with ZrO2-ABWs/PMMA composites respectively to fabricate standard specimens. Plaque biofilms on the specimens surface were investigated for colony-forming units (CFUs)...
July 12, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
Rodolfo Zanella, Edwin Avella, Rosa María Ramírez Zamora, Felipe Castillón Barraza, Juan C Durán-Álvarez
Mono- (Au, Ag and Cu) and bi-metallic (Au-Ag and Au-Cu) nanoparticles were deposited on TiO2 and tested for the photocatalytic degradation of sulfamethoxazole using either UV-C or simulated sunlight. The optimal loading of metallic nanoparticles was determined as 1.5 wt. % for Au and Ag, and 1.0 wt. % for Cu. In the case of bi-metallic nanoparticles only the ratio 1:0.5 wt. % for both Au-Ag and Au-Cu was tested. In experiments using UV-C light, the highest degradation performance was found for Ag/TiO2, while bi-metallic nanoparticles supported on TiO2 also showed increased photocatalytic activity compared with unmodified TiO2...
July 12, 2017: Environmental Technology
Zhensheng Hong, Meiling Kang, Xiaohui Chen, Kaiqiang Zhou, Zhigao Huang, Mingdeng Wei
TiO2 is a most promising anode candidate for rechargeable Na-ion batteries (NIBs) due to its appropriate working voltage, low cost and superior structural stability during chage/discharge process. Nevertheless, it suffers from intrinsically low electrical conductivity. Herein, we report an in-situ synthesis of Co2+ doped TiO2 through the thermal treatment of metal organic frameworks precursors of MIL-125(Ti)-Co as a superior anode material for NIBs. The Co2+ doped TiO2 possesses uniform nanodisk morphology, a large surface area and mesoporous structure with narrow pore distribution...
July 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fabrizio Sordello, Manuel Ghibaudo, Claudio Minero
We report the electrosynthesis of a water oxidation catalyst based on Ag oxides (AgCat). The deposited AgCat is composed of mixed valence crystalline Ag oxides with the presence of particle aggregates whose size is ∼1 μm. This catalyst, coupled with TiO2 and hematite, and under photoelectrochemical conditions, substantially increases photocurrents in a wide range of applied potentials compared with bare and Co-Pi-modified photocatalysts. AgCat can sustain current densities comparable with other water oxidation catalysts...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zhi-Juan Li, Jiang-Yang Shao, Yu-Wu Zhong
Two cyclometalated ruthenium complexes 2 and 4 containing a redox-active amine substituent and three carboxylic acid groups were synthesized, where the ruthenium ion and the amine site were separated by a phenyl or biphenyl bridge for 2 and 4, respectively. Nanocrystalline TiO2 films on fluorine doped SnO2 (FTO)/glass substrates anchored with 2 or 4 were prepared. These films display two consecutive anodic waves in the potential region between +0.1 and +1.0 V vs Ag/AgCl. Among four organic solvents examined, the FTO/TiO2/2 film displays the best cyclic electrochemical stability in ClCH2CH2Cl...
July 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Andrea Haase, Nils Dommershausen, Markus Schulz, Robert Landsiedel, Philipp Reichardt, Benjamin-Christoph Krause, Jutta Tentschert, Andreas Luch
Inhalation is considered a critical uptake route for NMs, demanding for sound toxicity testing using relevant test systems. This study investigates cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in EpiAirway™ 3D human bronchial models using 16 well-characterized NMs, including surface-functionalized 15 nm SiO2 (4 variants), 10 nm ZrO2 (4), and nanosilver (3), ZnO NM-110, TiO2 NM-105, BaSO4 NM-220, and two AlOOH NMs. Cytotoxicity was assessed by LDH and ATP assays and genotoxicity by the alkaline comet assay. For 9 NMs, uptake was investigated using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)...
June 22, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
Wenguang Tu, Yichang Li, Libang Kuai, Yong Zhou, Qinfeng Xu, Haijin Li, Xiaoyong Wang, Min Xiao, Zhigang Zou
Two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets were in situ grown on TiO2 nanosheets to form two-dimensional (2D) hybrid nanojunctions, with which MoS2 nanosheets compactly contact with TiO2 to increase the interfacial area. MoS2 was identified as a promising cost-effective substitute for noble metal cocatalysts such as Pt, Au, and Ag, and shows superior activity and selectivity for reducing CO2 to CH3OH in aqueous solution to these metal cocatalysts under UV-vis light irradiation. The photo-luminescence (PL) spectra and transient time-resolved PL decay measurements reveal that the fast electron transfer from TiO2 to MoS2 can minimize charge recombination losses to improve the conversion efficiency of photoreduction...
July 6, 2017: Nanoscale
Racliffe W S Lai, Katie W Y Yeung, Mana M N Yung, Aleksandra B Djurišić, John P Giesy, Kenneth M Y Leung
Substantial production and wide applications of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) have raised concerns over their potential influences on the environment and humans. However, regulations of products containing ENMs are scarce, even in countries with the greatest volume of ENMs produced, such as the United States and China. After a comprehensive review of life cycles of ENMs, five major challenges to regulators posed by ENMs are proposed in this review: (a) ENMs exhibit variable physicochemical characteristics, which makes them difficult for regulators to establish regulatory definition; (b) Due to diverse sources and transport pathways for ENMs, it is difficult to monitor or predict their fates in the environment; (c) There is a lack of reliable techniques for quantifying exposures to ENMs; (d) Because of diverse intrinsic properties of ENMs and dynamic environmental conditions, it is difficult to predict bioavailability of ENMs on wildlife and the environment; and (e) There are knowledge gaps in toxicity and toxic mechanisms of ENMs from which to predict their hazards...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yanjuan Song, Penghai Li, Mingji Li, Hongji Li, Cuiping Li, Dazhi Sun, Baohe Yang
In this paper, we describe a method for fabricating dry electrodes for use in recording electroencephalograms (EEGs), which are based on the use of chitosan (Ch), gold (Au) particles, and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotube arrays deposited on titanium (Ti) thin sheets. The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and EEG signal collection. The TiO2 nanotube arrays were grown on the Ti thin sheet by an electrochemical anodic oxidation method...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Z Wei, M Endo, K Wang, E Charbit, A Markowska-Szczupak, B Ohtani, E Kowalska
Octahedral anatase particles (OAPs) were prepared by hydrothermal (HT) reaction of titanate nanowires (TNWs). OAPs were modified with noble metals (Au, Ag, Cu and Pt) by two photodeposition methods: in the absence and in the initial presence of oxygen in the system. Photocatalytic activities for oxidative decomposition of acetic acid and anaerobic dehydrogenation of methanol under UV/vis irradiation and for oxidation of 2-propanol under visible light irradiation were investigated. Antibacterial activities for bacteria (Escherichia coli) and fungi (Candida albicans) were investigated in the dark and under UV irradiation and/or visible light irradiation...
June 15, 2017: Chemical Engineering Journal
Byeong-Gyu Chae, Jae-Bok Seol, Jeong-Hwan Song, Kyungjoon Baek, Sang-Ho Oh, Hyunsang Hwang, Chan-Gyung Park
Creation of nanometer-scale conductive filaments in resistive switching devices makes them appealing for advanced electrical applications. While in situ electrical probing transmission electron microscopy promotes fundamental investigations of how the conductive filament comes into existence, it does not provide proof-of-principle observations for the filament growth. Here, using advanced microscopy techniques, electrical, 3D compositional, and structural information of the switching-induced conductive filament are described...
June 12, 2017: Advanced Materials
Junwei Ye, Hang Cheng, Hong Li, Yaoyao Yang, Siqi Zhang, Abdul Rauf, Qi Zhao, Guiling Ning
A spherical titanium dioxide/silver (TiO2/Ag) composite and a flower-like hierarchical TiO2/Ag composite were prepared via a template-induced method and a solvothermal method based on the Ag/Carbon spheres templates followed by calcination treatment, respectively. The morphologies of the composites were controlled by changing the concentration of reactants and calcination temperature. The antibacterial efficiency of the composites was evaluated with both Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, respectively...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Hai-Qiang Luo, Xiao-Han Xing, Pan Zhang, Zhi-Shuo Yan, Qing-Feng Zhou, Yun Gong, Jian-Hua Lin
Using a rigid ditopic ligand, 4,5-di(4'-carboxylphenyl)benzene (H2L), three coordination polymers (CPs) formulated as MnL(H2O)2 (1), CdL(H2O) (2) and Mn2L2(DMF)3 (3) have been synthesized and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. These three CPs display 2D architectures but with different topologies. The experimental data and DFT calculation indicate that CP 2 is a semiconductor, and its CB/VB energy levels match with those of the perovskite CH3NH3PbI3. A FTO/TiO2/CH3NH3PbI3/CP 2 device is fabricated and the CP-based device shows much larger photoresponse under visible light illumination (650 nm > λ > 350 nm, 100 mW cm(-2)) than the individual CP 2...
June 9, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yue Li, Wenjie Zhao, Mengzhen Li, Gang Chen, Wang Xiaofeng, Xueqi Fu, Osamu Kitao, Hitoshi Tamiaki, Tokowa Sakai, Toshitaka Ikeuchi, Shin-Ichi Sasaki
We demonstrate solid-state chlorophyll solar cells (CSCs) employing a carboxylated chlorophyll derivative, methyl trans-32-carboxy-pyropheophorbide a as a light-harvesting dye sensitizer chlorophyll (DSC) deposited on mesoporous TiO2, on which four zinc hydroxylated chlorophyll derivatives were spin-coated for hole transporter chlorophylls (HTCs). The key parameters including the effective carrier mobility of the HTC films determined by the space charge-limited current method and the frontier molecular orbitals of these DSC and HTCs estimated from the cyclic voltammetry and the electronic absorption spectra suggest that both their charge separation and carrier transport are favorable...
June 3, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Hyun-Jun Hwang, Sung-Jun Joo, Supriya A Patil, Hak-Sung Kim
In this work, we describe the efficiency enhancement in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) by using TiO2/silver nanoplate plasmonic nanocomposite photoanodes. The nanocomposite photoanodes with tunable plasmonic properties assembled from shape/size-selected silver (Ag) nanoplates were applied to enhance the light absorption for high-performance DSSCs. It was found that the localized surface plasmon resonance can be tuned over a range from 500 to 1000 nm, which is strongly dependent on the shape and size of Ag nanoplates and the refractive index of the surrounding dielectric...
June 2, 2017: Nanoscale
Penghua Wang
Ag-AgBr/TiO2 supported on reduced graphene oxide (Ag-AgBr/TiO2/RGO) with different mass ratios of grapheme oxide (GO) to TiO2 were synthesized via a facile solvothermal-photo reduction method. Compared to the single-, two- and three-component nanocomposites, the four-component nanocomposite, Ag-AgBr/TiO2/RGO-1 with mass ratio of GO to TiO2 at 1%, exhibited a much higher photocatalytic activity for the degradation of penicillin G (PG) under white light-emitting diode (LED-W) irradiation. The PG degradation efficiency increased with the increase of mass ratio of GO to TiO2 from 0...
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Hans Bouwmeester, Meike van der Zande, Mark A Jepson
Ingestion of engineered nanomaterials is inevitable due to their addition to food and prevalence in food packaging and domestic products such as toothpaste and sun cream. In the absence of robust dosimetry and particokinetic data, it is currently challenging to accurately assess the potential toxicity of food-borne nanomaterials. Herein, we review current understanding of gastrointestinal uptake mechanisms, consider some data on the potential for toxicity of the most commonly encountered classes of food-borne nanomaterials (including TiO2 , SiO2, ZnO, and Ag nanoparticles), and discuss the potential impact of the luminal environment on nanoparticle properties and toxicity...
May 26, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
A I Alsabery, A J Chamkha, H Saleh, I Hashim
This work analyses free convection flow of a nanofluid in an inclined square enclosure consisting of a porous layer and a nanofluid layer using the finite difference methodology. Sinusoidal temperature boundary conditions are imposed on the two opposing vertical walls. Nanofluids with water as base and Ag or Cu or Al2O3 or TiO2 nanoparticles are considered for the problem. The related parameters of this study are the Darcy number, nanoparticle volume fraction, phase deviation, amplitude ratio, porous layer thickness and the inclination angle of the cavity...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
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