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Ag TiO2

Chang-Wei Huang, Mei-Yao Wu, Yang-Wei Lin
In this study, Ag hybrid BiPO4 (Ag/BiPO4) heterostructures were synthesized using a solvothermal method. The morphologies and optical properties of the Ag/BiPO4 heterostructures were drastically different from those of BiPO4 and were highly dependent on the AgNO3:BiPO4 weight percent during the synthesis. The three formulated heterostructures were evaluated for their photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) under UV light illumination; the 0.5%Ag/BiPO4 heterostructure was observed to result in 99% degradation of MB within 60min, a remarkably higher level of photodegradation activity than the levels caused by TiO2 and BiPO4...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
V H Tran, P Głuchowski, A Łukowiak, W Stre Combining Cedilla K
Undoped and Ag-doped TiO2 ceramics have been prepared at temperatures between 500-1000 °C and under pressures up to 8 GPa. Their crystal structures and physical properties were investigated by means of EDX, SEM, TEM, X-ray powder diffraction, and magnetization M, specific heat Cp and electrical resistance ρ measurements. It is found that the anatase-structured As-cast powder transforms into rutile and columbite-type at 500 °C and 5.5 GPa. The stabilization of the latter phase is fulfilled under a pressure of 8 GPa and at temperatures above 800 °C...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
Xiao-Dan Yao, Kong-Jie Zhu, Bo-Tao Teng, Cao-Ming Yu, Yun-Lei Zhang, Ya Liu, Maohong Fan, Xiao-Dong Wen
The effects of strong interactions between Ti and ceria on the structures of Ti/CeO2(111) are systematically investigated by density functional theory calculation. To our best knowledge, the adsorption energy of a Ti atom at the hollow site of CeO2 is the highest value (-7.99 eV) reported in the literature compared with those of Au (-0.88--1.26 eV), Ag (-1.42 eV), Cu (-2.69 eV), Pd (-1.75 eV), Pt (-2.62 eV) and Sn (-3.68 eV). It is very interesting to find that Ti adatoms disperse at the hollow site of CeO2(111) to form surface TiOx species, instead of aggregating to form Ti metal clusters for the Ti-CeO2 interactions that are much stronger than those of Ti-Ti ones...
November 30, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Laura Vila, Laura Rubio, Balasubramanyam Annangi, Alba García-Rodríguez, Ricard Marcos, Alba Hernández
The variability observed in nanoparticle (NP) dispersions can affect the reliability of the results obtained in short-term tests, and mainly in long-term experiments. In addition, obtaining a good dispersion is time-consuming and acts as a bottleneck in the development of high-throughput screening methodologies. The freezing of different aliquots from a stock dispersion would overcome such limitations, but no studies have explored the impact of freezing thawing the samples on the physico-chemical and biological properties of the nanomaterial (NM)...
December 1, 2016: Nanotoxicology
Aileni Kaladhar Reddy, Prabhuraj B Kambalyal, Santosh R Patil, Mallikarjun Vankhre, Mohammed Yaser Ahmed Khan, Thamtam Ramana Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of silver (Ag), zinc oxide (ZnO), and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles on shear bond strength (SBS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty extracted premolars divided into four groups with thirty specimens in each group. Group 1 (control): brackets (American Orthodontics) were bonded with Transbond XT primer. Groups 2, 3, and 4: brackets (American Orthodontics) were bonded with adhesives incorporated with Ag, ZnO, and TiO2 nanoparticles in the concentration of 1...
October 2016: Journal of Orthodontic Science
Waluree Thongkam, Kirsten Gerloff, Damien van Berlo, Catrin Albrecht, Roel P F Schins
Due to the steeply increased use of nanomaterials (NMs) for commercial and industrial applications, toxicological assessment of their potential harmful effects is urgently needed. In this study, we compared the DNA-damaging properties and concurrent cytotoxicity of a panel of 10 engineered NMs in three different cell lines in relation to their intrinsic oxidant generating properties. The human epithelial cell lines A549, HK-2 and HepG2 were chosen to represent relevant target organs for NMs in the lung, kidney and liver...
November 10, 2016: Mutagenesis
Shencheng Fu, Xintong Zhang, Qiang Han, Shuangyan Liu, Xiuxiu Han, Yichun Liu
Tunable spectrum-response is desired for efficient photo-energy transformation. Blu-ray (~405 nm) and polarization sensitive Ag/TiO2 nanocomposite films are thus fascinating in application of fast-response and high-density optical memory device. The Ag/TiO2 film has the ability of replicating hologram based on optical coherence by laser-stimulated dissolution of Ag nanoparticles (NPs). The rate and efficiency of the dissolution are supposed to be enhanced by introducing uniform and small-sized Ag NPs in TiO2 nanoporous films...
November 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Dawei Wang, Yi Li, Gianluca Li Puma, Panagiotis Lianos, Chao Wang, Peifang Wang
The feasibility of simultaneous recovery of heavy metals from wastewater (e.g., acid mining and electroplating) and production of electricity is demonstrated in a novel photoelectrochemical cell (PEC). The photoanode of the cell bears a nanoparticulate titania (TiO2) film capped with the block copolymer [poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(propylene glycol)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)] hole scavenger, which consumed photogenerated holes, while the photogenerated electrons transferred to a copper cathode reducing dissolved metal ions and produced electricity...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Qi Zhu, Xiaohong Hu, Mishma S Stanislaus, Nan Zhang, Ruida Xiao, Na Liu, Yingnan Yang
TiO2-based thin films have been intensively studied in recent years to develop efficient photocatalyst films to degrade refractory organics and inactivate bacteria for wastewater treatment. In the present work, P/Ag/Ag2O/Ag3PO4/TiO2 composite films on the inner-surface of glass tube were successfully prepared via sol-gel approach. P/Ag/Ag2O/Ag3PO4/TiO2 composite films with 3 coating layers, synthesized at 400°C for 2h, showed the optimal photocatalytic performance for rhodamine B (Rh B) degradation. The results indicated that degradation ratio of Rh B by P/Ag/Ag2O/Ag3PO4/TiO2 composite film reached 99...
January 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Qi Ding, Suiyuan Chen, Fanmin Shang, Jing Liang, Changsheng Liu
In this experiment, Cu2O/Ag co-deposition TiO2 nanotube array (Cu2O-Ag-TNT) film was prepared on pure Ti substrate with the method of combining anodic oxidation and electrodeposition by pulse-reversing voltage power supply in the electrolyte of NH4F, ethylene glycol, CuNO3 · 3H2O and AgNO3. The morphology, phase, chemical composition, photocatalytic property and mechanism of the nanotube array film were studied by means of scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra, photoluminescence and photocatalytic degradation under visible light...
October 31, 2016: Nanotechnology
Patrick S Bäuerlein, Erik Emke, Peter Tromp, Jan A M H Hofman, Andrea Carboni, Ferry Schooneman, Pim de Voogt, Annemarie P van Wezel
Only very limited information is available on measured environmental concentrations of nanoparticles. In this study, several environmental compartments in The Netherlands were probed for the presence of nanoparticles. Different types of water were screened for the presence of inorganic (Ag, Au, TiO2) and organic nanoparticles (C60, C70, [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid octyl ester, [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid butyl ester, [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester, [6,6]-bis-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester, [6,6]-phenyl-C71-butyric acid methyl ester, [6,6]-thienyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester)...
October 24, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Isabella da Silva Vieira Marques, Maria Fernanda Alfaro, Miki Taketomi Saito, Nilson Cristino da Cruz, Christos Takoudis, Richard Landers, Marcelo Ferraz Mesquita, Francisco Humberto Nociti Junior, Mathew T Mathew, Cortino Sukotjo, Valentim Adelino Ricardo Barão
Biofunctionalized surfaces for implants are currently receiving much attention in the health care sector. Our aims were (1) to create bioactive Ti-coatings doped with Ca, P, Si, and Ag produced by microarc oxidation (MAO) to improve the surface properties of biomedical implants, (2) to investigate the TiO2 layer stability under wear and corrosion, and (3) to evaluate human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) responses cultured on the modified surfaces. Tribocorrosion and cell experiments were performed following the MAO treatment...
August 11, 2016: Biointerphases
Xiaolei Zhang, Huimin Sui, Xiaolei Wang, Hongyang Su, Weina Cheng, Xu Wang, Bing Zhao
A nanoscale metal-molecule-semiconductor assembly (Ag/4-mercaptophenol/TiO2) has been fabricated over Au nanoparticle (NP) films as a model to study the interfacial charge transfer (CT) effects involved in Ag/MPH/TiO2. Due to the interaction between Au NPs and Ag NPs, some distinct differences occur in the SERS spectra. We also measured the SERS of Ag/MPH (4-mercaptophenol), Ag/MPH/TiO2, and Au/Ag/MPH/TiO2 assemblies at excitation wavelengths of 477, 514, 532, 633, and 785 nm. We found that the changes in the CT process, caused by the introduction of TiO2 and Au, can be reflected in SERS...
October 24, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Xiang Gao, Shaolong Wu, Jimu Yan, Xiongfei Zhai, Xiaofeng Li
Semiconductor nanostructure photoelectrochemical (PEC) cells for sunlight conversion have the potential to supply continuous, low-cost, high-efficiency and carbon-free energy; however, in order to provide economically competitive energy, long-time stability and high-efficiency are requisite. In this work, the saturation photocurrent density (Jsat) and stability of the silicon nanowires (SiNWs) in a PEC cell are significantly improved via surface modification with Ag@SiO2 nanoparticles and conformal TiO2 ultrathin film...
October 28, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lu Yang, Fangyun Ye, Peng Liu, Fazhou Wang
Visible light driven Ag/AgBr/TiO2 /activated carbon (AC) composite was prepared by sol-gel method coupled with photo-reduction method. For comparison, TiO2 , TiO2 /AC and Ag/AgBr/TiO2 were also synthesized. Their characteristics were analyzed by XRD, SEM-EDS, TG-DSC and UV-Vis techniques. Photocatalytic activity and antibacterial performance under visible light irradiation were investigated by ICP-AES, ATR-FT-IR and spectrophotometry methods using methylene blue and Escherichia coli as target systems, respectively...
October 20, 2016: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Gao-Chao Fan, Xiao-Mei Shi, Jianrong Zhang, Jun-Jie Zhu
Generally, photoanode-based photoelectrochemical immunoassay possesses obvious photocurrent response and lower detection limit for ideal sample detection, but it has the inherent imperfection of poor anti-interference capability for real sample detection. Photocathode-based immunoassay can well avoid the intrinsic drawback of photoanode-based immunoassay, but it has low photocurrent response resulting in less good sensitivity. Herein, a promising new cathode photoelectrochemical immunosensing platform integrating photocathode with photoanode was reported for accurate and sensitive detection of biomarkers...
October 17, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Chung-Hsuan Wu, Wei-Han Wang, Chien-Chong Hong, Kuo Chu Hwang
This paper presents a novel disposable breath-sensing tube with an on-tube single-nanowire (NW) sensor array for noninvasive, simple, and on-site detection of exhaled breath biomarkers. Although various noninvasive detection methods for lung cancer biomarkers in breath samples exist, they are unsuitable for self-diagnostics and immediate detection because they entail complicated handling procedures and are time intensive. In this study, we simulated, fabricated, and characterized disposable nanosensors by using single TiO2 and Ag NWs in flexible plastic tubes...
October 14, 2016: Lab on a Chip
Paula Ribao, Maria J Rivero, Inmaculada Ortiz
Noble metals have been used to improve the photocatalytic activity of TiO2. Noble metal nanoparticles prevent charge recombination, facilitating electron transport due to the equilibration of the Fermi levels. Furthermore, noble metal nanoparticles show an absorption band in the visible region due to a high localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect, which contributes to additional electron movements. Moreover, systems based on graphene, titanium dioxide, and noble metals have been used, considering that graphene sheets can carry charges, thereby reducing electron-hole recombination, and can be used as substrates of atomic thickness...
October 11, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sanghyuk Cheong, Jai-Kyeong Kim, Jinhan Cho
There is rising demand for metal or metal oxide nanoparticle (NP)/polymer nanocomposite films with desired functionalities. However, it is difficult to directly combine well-defined NPs synthesized using organic fatty acids in nonpolar media with water-soluble polymers, except polyelectrolytes with specific functional moieties, because they differ in their hydrophobic/hydrophilic properties. We have developed a facile and universal hydrophilic/hydrophobic layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly method that enables perfect nanoblending between water-soluble polymers and hydrophobic NPs, maintaining their specific functionalities...
September 21, 2016: Nanoscale
Yingcui Fang, Bing Zhang, Liu Hong, Kang Zhang, Gongpu Li, Jun Jiang, Rong Yan, Junling Chen
Plasmonic metal Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) on TiO2 thin films (AgNPs/TiO2) are a kind of excellent photocatalyst of high efficiency under visible light, and thus draw great interest nowadays. Further improvement of their photocatalytic activity (PA) is difficult but is of high importance for their applications. In this paper, oxygen plasma was taken to partially oxidize AgNPs deposited on the surface of TiO2 to form a structure with the configuration of a p-type semiconductor/plasmonic metal/n-type semiconductor (Ag2O/AgNPs/TiO2)...
September 29, 2016: Nanoscale
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