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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434187/ultrasound-guided-intra-articular-injection-of-the-radio-ulnar-radio-humeral-joints-and-ultrasound-guided-dry-needling-of-the-affected-limb-muscles-to-relieve-fixed-pronation-deformity-and-myofascial-issues-around-the-shoulder-in-a-case-of-complex-regional
#1
Renuka Pai, Lakshmi Vas
BACKGROUND: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) occurs due to different pathophysiological mechanisms. Presently there is no description of definitive treatment that can resolve the especially recalcitrant motor issues of disability in CRPS-1. CASE REPORT: We have herein described the successful management of motor disability with a multi-modal approach in a patient with CRPS-1 that occurred as a result of a fracture sustained in the lower end of the radius. Sensory/sudomotor/vasomotor symptoms were relieved completely by medications and stellate ganglion block, in two weeks...
April 23, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434185/can-targeted-policies-reduce-obesity-and-improve-obesity-related-behaviours-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-populations-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
D L Olstad, R Ancilotto, M Teychenne, L M Minaker, D R Taber, K D Raine, C I J Nykiforuk, K Ball
This review synthesized evidence from controlled studies pertaining to the impact of targeted policies on anthropometric, dietary and physical activity outcomes amongst socioeconomically disadvantaged children and adults. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-Equity guidelines were followed. Eligible studies were published from 2004 to August 2015 and examined the impact of targeted policies on anthropometric, dietary and physical activity outcomes amongst socioeconomically disadvantaged populations...
April 23, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434166/antibody-uptake-assay-in-the-embryonic-zebrafish-forebrain-to-study-notch-signaling-dynamics-in-neural-progenitor-cells-in-vivo
#3
Kai Tong, Mahendra Wagle, Su Guo
Stem cells can generate cell fate heterogeneity through asymmetric cell division (ACD). ACD derives from the asymmetric segregation of fate-determining molecules and/or organelles in the dividing cell. Radial glia in the embryonic zebrafish forebrain are an excellent model for studying the molecular mechanisms regulating ACD of stem cells in vertebrates, especially for live imaging concerning in vivo molecular and cellular dynamics. Due to the current difficulty in expressing fluorescent reporter-tagged proteins at physiological levels in zebrafish for live imaging, we have developed an antibody uptake assay to label proteins in live embryonic zebrafish forebrain with high specificity...
April 23, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434155/nitrogen-fertility-and-abiotic-stresses-management-in-cotton-crop-a-review
#4
Aziz Khan, Daniel Kean Yuen Tan, Muhammad Zahir Afridi, Honghai Luo, Shahbaz Atta Tung, Mir Ajab, Shah Fahad
This review outlines nitrogen (N) responses in crop production and potential management decisions to ameliorate abiotic stresses for better crop production. N is a primary constituent of the nucleotides and proteins that are essential for life. Production and application of N fertilizers consume huge amounts of energy, and excess is detrimental to the environment. Therefore, increasing plant N use efficiency (NUE) is important for the development of sustainable agriculture. NUE has a key role in crop yield and can be enhanced by controlling loss of fertilizers by application of humic acid and natural polymers (hydrogels), having high water-holding capacity which can improve plant performance under field conditions...
April 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434146/differential-regulation-of-h3s10-phosphorylation-mitosis-progression-and-cell-fate-by-aurora-kinase-b-and-c-in-mouse-preimplantation-embryos
#5
Wenzhi Li, Peizhe Wang, Bingjie Zhang, Jing Zhang, Jia Ming, Wei Xie, Jie Na
Coordination of cell division and cell fate is crucial for the successful development of mammalian early embryos. Aurora kinases are evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine kinases and key regulators of mitosis. Aurora kinase B (AurkB) is ubiquitously expressed while Aurora kinase C (AurkC) is specifically expressed in gametes and preimplantation embryos. We found that increasing AurkC level in one blastomere of the 2-cell embryo accelerated cell division and decreasing AurkC level slowed down mitosis. Changing AurkB level had the opposite effect...
April 22, 2017: Protein & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434128/aspects-on-the-history-of-transmission-and-favor-of-distribution-of-viruses-by-iatrogenic-action-perhaps-an-example-of-a-paradigm-of-the-worldwide-spread-of-hiv
#6
REVIEW
Lutz G Gürtler, Josef Eberle
Transmission of infectious agents might be associated with iatrogenic actions of charitable help in health care. An example is the vaccination against yellow fever in USA that transmitted hepatitis B virus. Another example is injections of praziquantel for treatment and cure of schistosomiasis in Central and Northern Africa, with a focus in Egypt that has spread hepatitis C virus. There is no indication that human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 was spread by injection treatment for African trypanosomiasis, syphilis and treponematosis, but these treatments might have contributed to the early spread of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in Central Africa...
April 22, 2017: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434112/dendritic-cell-based-vaccination-strategy-an-evolving-paradigm
#7
REVIEW
Anna C Filley, Mahua Dey
Malignant gliomas (MG), tumors of glial origin, are the most commonly diagnosed primary intracranial malignancies in adults. Currently available treatments have provided only modest improvements in overall survival and remain limited by inevitable local recurrence, necessitating exploration of novel therapies. Among approaches being investigated, one of the leading contenders is immunotherapy, which aims to modulate immune pathways to stimulate the selective destruction of malignant cells. Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent initiators of adaptive immune responses and therefore crucial players in the development and success of immunotherapy...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434104/mullerian-dysgenesis-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Souzana Choussein, Dimitrios Nasioudis, Dimitrios Schizas, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
PURPOSE: To present an update of the genetic, clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. METHODS: Studies were considered eligible if they have evaluated patients with MRKH syndrome. Eligible articles were identified by a search of MEDLINE bibliographical database from 1950 to August 2016. A purely descriptive approach was adopted concerning all outcomes examined by the individual studies. RESULTS: MRKH syndrome is defined as congenital aplasia of the upper vagina and impairment of uterine development in normal 46XX females...
April 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434083/predictors-of-a-successful-outcome-for-infants-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-30-year-single-institution-experience
#9
Tatsuru Kaji, Kazuhiko Nakame, Seiro Machigashira, Takafumi Kawano, Ryuta Masuya, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Tomoe Moriguchi, Koshiro Sugita, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Short-bowel syndrome (SBS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We conducted this study to establish the predictors of survival and weaning off parenteral nutrition (PN). METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 16 SBS infants treated at our institution within a 30-year period. SBS was defined as a residual small-bowel length (RSBL) of <75 cm. Loss of the ileocecal valve (ICV), cholestasis (D-Bil >2.0 mg/dl), enterostomy, and RSBL were all evaluated...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434037/open-capsular-and-ligament-reconstruction-with-semitendinosus-hamstring-autograft-successfully-controls-superior-and-posterior-translation-for-type-v-acromioclavicular-joint-dislocation
#10
Raffaele Garofalo, Enrico Ceccarelli, Alessandro Castagna, Vittorio Calvisi, Brody Flanagin, Marco Conti, Sumant G Krishnan
PURPOSE: Appropriate surgical management for type V complete acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation remains controversial. The purpose of this paper is to retrospectively report the clinical and radiographic outcomes of an open surgical technique consisting for AC joint ligamentous and capsular reconstruction using autologous hamstring tendon grafts and semi-permanent sutures. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2011, 32 consecutive patients with symptomatic type V complete AC joint dislocation underwent surgical treatment using the same technique...
April 22, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434033/the-gut-microbiome-as-a-target-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-hyperglycaemia-in-type-2-diabetes-from-current-human-evidence-to-future-possibilities
#11
REVIEW
Louise Brunkwall, Marju Orho-Melander
The totality of microbial genomes in the gut exceeds the size of the human genome, having around 500-fold more genes that importantly complement our coding potential. Microbial genes are essential for key metabolic processes, such as the breakdown of indigestible dietary fibres to short-chain fatty acids, biosynthesis of amino acids and vitamins, and production of neurotransmitters and hormones. During the last decade, evidence has accumulated to support a role for gut microbiota (analysed from faecal samples) in glycaemic control and type 2 diabetes...
April 22, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434022/effects-of-vestibular-disorders-on-vestibular-reflex-and-imagery
#12
B S Cohen, J Provasi, P Leboucher, I Israël
The aim of this study was to establish the effect of vestibular lesion on vestibular imagery. Subjects were required to estimate verbally their passively travelled rotation angles in complete darkness, i.e., to activate vestibular imagery. During motion, the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) was measured. Thus, we examined the coherence between the vestibulo-ocular reflex and self-rotation imagery, with vestibular-lesioned patients and healthy participants. Unilateral acute and chronic patients, bilateral patients, and healthy subjects were compared...
April 22, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434011/management-of-coxa-vara-septica-and-pseudoarthrosis-of-the-femoral-neck-a-case-report
#13
Hasime Qorraj Bytyqi, Cen Bytyqi
BACKGROUND Coxa vara and pseudoarthrosis of the femoral neck after septic hip arthritis is a very rare disease. The aim of this study was to present a case with pseudoarthrosis of the femoral neck, with coxa vara after neonatal septic arthritis of the right hip, and treatment of the pseudarthrosis with proximal femoral valgus osteotomy. CASE REPORT A 12-month-old female, who had suffered neonatal septic arthritis with a five-day history of fever and painful right hip now demonstrated painless limping to the right hip, pelvic obliquity, Trendelenburg-Duchenne gait, limitation of hip abduction, lower-extremity length discrepancy with 3...
April 23, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433991/the-effect-of-traumatic-experiences-and-psychiatric-symptoms-on-the-life-satisfaction-of-north-korean-refugees
#14
Yeonsun Choi, Sun Young Lim, Jin Yong Jun, So Hee Lee, So Young Yoo, Soohyun Kim, Ah Reum Gwak, Ji-Chul Kim, Yu Jin Lee, Seog Ju Kim
BACKGROUND: Successful adaptation of refugees to a new society can be hindered by traumatic experiences and psychiatric symptoms. This study aims to examine the relationship between trauma, psychiatric symptoms and life satisfaction of North Korean refugees resettled in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 211 North Korean refugees living in South Korea completed a series of questionnaires on the history of their previous traumatic experiences, life satisfaction in South Korea, depression, anxiety, somatization and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
April 22, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433941/self-assembled-dual-responsive-micelles-stabilized-with-protein-for-co-delivery-of-drug-and-sirna-in-cancer-therapy
#15
M R Aji Alex, Chetan Nehate, Srivani Veeranarayanan, D Sakthi Kumar, Ritu Kulshreshtha, Veena Koul
Design of safe and efficient vehicles for the combinatorial delivery of drugs and genetic agents is an emerging requisite for achieving enhanced therapeutic effect in cancer. Even though several nanoplatforms have been explored for the co-delivery of drugs and genetic materials the translation of these systems to clinical phase is still a challenge, mainly due to tedious synthesis procedures, lack of serum stability, inefficient scalability etc. Here in, we report development of reduction and pH sensitive polymeric graft of low molecular weight poly (styrene -alt -maleic anhydride) and evaluation of its efficacy in co-delivering drug and siRNA...
April 17, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433940/a-novel-dual-ratiometric-response-fluorescent-probe-for-so2-clo-detection-in-cells-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-and-its-application-in-exploring-the-dichotomous-role-of-so2-under-the-clo-induced-oxidative-stress
#16
Kun Dou, Qiang Fu, Guang Chen, Fabiao Yu, Yuxia Liu, Ziping Cao, Guoliang Li, Xianen Zhao, Lian Xia, Lingxin Chen, Hua Wang, Jinmao You
Intracellular reactive sulfur species and reactive oxygen species play vital roles in immunologic mechanism. As an emerging signal transmitter, SO2 can be generated as the anti-oxidant, while SO2 is also a potential oxidative stress-inducer in organism. Aiming to elucidate in-depth the dichotomous role of SO2 under oxidative stress, we designed a dual-response fluorescent probe that enabled the respective or successive detection of SO2 and ClO(-). The probe itself emits the red fluorescence (625 nm) which can largely switch to blue (410 nm) and green fluorescence (500 nm) respectively in response to SO2 and ClO(-), allowing the highly selective and accurate ratiometric quantification for both SO2 and ClO(-) in cells...
April 14, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433937/perturbation-effect-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-quantum-dots-rgoqds-on-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-ahr-pathway-in-zebrafish
#17
Jing-Hui Zhang, Tai Sun, Aping Niu, Yu-Mei Tang, Shun Deng, Wei Luo, Qun Xu, Dapeng Wei, De-Sheng Pei
Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) has been widely used in enormous fields, however, the inherent molecular mechanism of GQDs for potential risks in biological system is still elusive to date. In this study, the outstanding reduced graphene quantum dots (rGOQDs) with the QY as high as 24.62% were successfully synthesized by the improved Hummers method and DMF hydrothermal treatment approach. The rGOQDs were N-doped photoluminescent nanomaterials with functional groups on the surface. The fluorescent bio-imaging was performed by exposing zebrafish in different concentrations of the as-prepared rGOQDs, and the distribution of rGOQDs was successfully observed...
April 15, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433930/environmental-electrokinetics-for-a-sustainable-subsurface
#18
REVIEW
A T Lima, A Hofmann, D Reynolds, C J Ptacek, P Van Cappellen, L M Ottosen, S Pamukcu, A Alshawabekh, D M O'Carroll, C Riis, E Cox, D B Gent, R Landis, J Wang, A I A Chowdhury, E L Secord, A Sanchez-Hachair
Soil and groundwater are key components in the sustainable management of the subsurface environment. Source contamination is one of its main threats and is commonly addressed using established remediation techniques such as in-situ chemical oxidation (ISCO), in-situ chemical reduction (ISCR; most notably using zero-valent iron [ZVI]), enhanced in-situ bioremediation (EISB), phytoremediation, soil-washing, pump-and-treat, soil vapour extraction (SVE), thermal treatment, and excavation and disposal. Decades of field applications have shown that these techniques can successfully treat or control contaminants in higher permeability subsurface materials such as sands, but achieve only limited success at sites where low permeability soils, such as silts and clays, prevail...
April 11, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433902/evaluation-of-different-types-of-anaerobic-seed-sludge-for-the-high-rate-anaerobic-digestion-of-pig-slurry-in-uasb-reactors
#19
Carlos Rico, Jesús A Montes, José Luis Rico
Three different types of anaerobic sludge (granular, thickened digestate and anaerobic sewage) were evaluated as seed inoculum sources for the high rate anaerobic digestion of pig slurry in UASB reactors. Granular sludge performance was optimal, allowing a high efficiency process yielding a volumetric methane production rate of 4.1LCH4L(-1)d(-1) at 1.5days HRT (0.248LCH4g(-1)COD) at an organic loading rate of 16.4gCODL(-1)d(-1). The thickened digestate sludge experimented flotation problems, thus resulting inappropriate for the UASB process...
April 7, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433896/in-situ-sludge-pretreatment-in-a-single-stage-anaerobic-digester
#20
Yun Chen, Keke Xiao, Xie Jiang, Nan Shen, Raymond J Zeng, Yan Zhou
This study aimed to develop an in-situ sludge pretreatment method by increasing the temperature from thermophilic to extreme thermophilic condition in a single-stage anaerobic digester. The results revealed that a stable performance was obtained within the temperature range of 55-65°C, and the maximum methane yield of 208.51±13.66mL/g VS was obtained at 65°C. Moreover, the maximum extent of hydrolysis (33%) and acidification (27.1%) was also observed at 65°C. However, further increase of temperature to 70°C did not improve the organic conversion efficiency...
April 9, 2017: Bioresource Technology
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