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Manuel Carcao, Carmen Altisent, Giancarlo Castaman, Katsuyuki Fukutake, Bryce A Kerlin, Craig Kessler, Riitta Lassila, Diane Nugent, Johannes Oldenburg, May-Lill Garly, Anders Rosholm, Aida Inbal
Recombinant factor XIII-A2 (rFXIII-A2 ) was developed for prophylaxis and treatment of bleeds in patients with congenital FXIII A-subunit deficiency. mentor™2 (NCT00978380), a multinational, open-label, single-arm, multiple-dosing extension to the pivotal mentor™1 trial, assessed long-term safety and efficacy of rFXIII-A2 prophylaxis in eligible patients (patients with severe [<0.05 IU/mL] congenital FXIII subunit A deficiency) aged ≥6 years. Patients received 35 IU/kg rFXIII-A2 (exact dosing) every 28 ± 2 days for ≥52 weeks...
March 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
B A Kerlin, A Inbal, A Will, M Williams, M-L Garly, L Jacobsen, S L Kearney
Essentials Prophylaxis is the standard of care for congenital factor XIII-A (FXIII-A) deficiency. Six children with FXIII-A deficiency received once-monthly prophylaxis with recombinant FXIII-A. Prophylaxis was well tolerated and no anti-FXIII antibodies were detected. Prophylaxis was effective with an annualized bleeding rate of zero. SUMMARY: Background Factor XIII deficiency is a rare, severe congenital bleeding disorder. Monthly prophylaxis with recombinant FXIII A-Subunit (rFXIII) has demonstrated favorable safety and efficacy in patients aged ≥ 6 years, and may similarly benefit younger children...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
V Ivaškevičius, A Biswas, M-L Garly, J Oldenburg
INTRODUCTION: Congenital factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is a rare, autosomal recessive bleeding disorder usually caused by mutations in the F13A1 gene that produce a severe quantitative (type I) deficiency of the FXIII-A subunit. AIM: To determine the genotypes of patients with severe FXIII-A deficiency treated with recombinant FXIII-A subunit (rFXIII-A2 ) participating in three international efficacy and safety trials. METHODS: We determined the genotypes of 73 patients in total; 32 had already undergone genotype analysis and were known to carry F13A1 mutations that have been previously reported in the literature...
May 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
M Kun, N Szuber, É Katona, K Pénzes, A Bonnefoy, B Bécsi, F Erdődi, G E Rivard, L Muszbek
INTRODUCTION: Acquired factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency due to autoantibody is a rare, severe bleeding diathesis. Its laboratory diagnosis and classification represents a difficult task. AIM: Introduction of novel approaches into the diagnosis and characterization of anti-FXIII autoantibody and demonstration of their use in the diagnosis of a patient with autoimmune FXIII deficiency. METHODS: Factor XIII activity, FXIII antigen levels and the titre of anti-FXIII-A antibody were monitored throughout the course of the disease...
March 26, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Hanna H Pitkänen, Annukka Jouppila, Marja Lemponen, Minna Ilmakunnas, Jouni Ahonen, Riitta Lassila
INTRODUCTION: Factor XIII (FXIII) cross-links fibrin, completing blood coagulation. Congenital FXIII deficiency is managed with plasma-derived FXIII (pdFXIII) or recombinant FXIII (rFXIII) concentrates. AIM: As the mechanisms protecting patients with low FXIII levels (<5IU/dL) from spontaneous bleeds remain unknown we assessed the interplay between thrombin generation (TG), fibrin formation and clot kinetics before and after FXIII administration in three patients with FXIII deficiency...
January 2017: Thrombosis Research
Michael Desborough, Andreas V Hadjinicolaou, Anna Chaimani, Marialena Trivella, Paresh Vyas, Carolyn Doree, Sally Hopewell, Simon J Stanworth, Lise J Estcourt
BACKGROUND: People with thrombocytopenia due to bone marrow failure are vulnerable to bleeding. Platelet transfusions have limited efficacy in this setting and alternative agents that could replace, or reduce platelet transfusion, and are effective at reducing bleeding are needed. OBJECTIVES: To compare the relative efficacy of different interventions for patients with thrombocytopenia due to chronic bone marrow failure and to derive a hierarchy of potential alternative treatments to platelet transfusions...
October 31, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Manuel Carcao, Katsuyuki Fukutake, Aida Inbal, Bryce Kerlin, Riitta Lassila, Johannes Oldenburg, May-Lill Garly, Diane Nugent
Congenital factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is a rare, autosomal recessive bleeding disorder with potentially life-threatening consequences. FXIII is composed of two subunits (A and B), and a deficiency or dysfunction of either can result in FXIII deficiency. Traditionally, FXIII deficiency has been managed by infusing plasma-derived products containing FXIII (fresh frozen plasma, cryoprecipitate, and plasma-derived FXIII concentrates), all of which contain both subunits. Despite the increased safety of plasma-derived products, concern remains regarding potential viral safety issues...
February 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Michael Desborough, Lise J Estcourt, Anna Chaimani, Carolyn Doree, Sally Hopewell, Marialena Trivella, Andreas V Hadjinicolaou, Paresh Vyas, Simon J Stanworth
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To compare the relative efficacy of different treatments for thrombocytopenia (artificial platelet substitutes, platelet-poor plasma, fibrinogen, rFVIIa, rFXIII, thrombopoietin mimetics, antifibrinolytic drugs or platelet transfusions) in patients with chronic bone marrow failure and to derive a hierarchy of potential alternate treatments to platelet transfusions.
January 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
B Brand-Staufer, M Carcao, B A Kerlin, A Will, M Williams, C W Tornøe, M Sandberg Lundblad, D Nugent
Three trials investigated the pharmacokinetics (PK) of recombinant factor XIII (rFXIII) A-subunit. To compare the PK characteristics of rFXIII among trials and different age groups of patients. Dosing with rFXIII 35 IU kg(-1) every 4th week. Blood samples for PK assessments were collected regularly throughout the dosing interval from a total of 68 individual patients with FXIII congenital deficiency. The mean PK parameters were similar across the three age groups, and for the three trials, as well as constant over time based on results from patients participating in both mentor 1 and mentor 2 trials...
May 2015: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
B Kerlin, B Brand, A Inbal, S Halimeh, D Nugent, M Lundblad, R Tehranchi
BACKGROUND: The use of monthly recombinant factor XIII (rFXIII) recently demonstrated favorable safety and efficacy for congenital FXIII A-subunit deficiency patients aged ≥ 6 years (mentor(™) 1 trial), although the pharmacokinetics (PK) were not fully evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively evaluate the steady-state PK of rFXIII in patients aged ≥ 6 years with congenital FXIII A-subunit deficiency. PATIENTS/METHODS: mentor(™) 2 is an ongoing, multinational safety and efficacy trial in which patients are receiving monthly rFXIII (35 IU kg(-1) ) for ≥ 52 weeks...
December 2014: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Wolfgang Korte
Circulating factor XIII (FXIII) consists of two active (A) and two carrier (B) subunits in tetrameric form. Congenital FXIII deficiency is a rare autosomal-recessive trait that mostly results from an FXIII A-subunit deficiency. Classic coagulation assays, such as prothrombin time or activated partial thromboplastin time, are not sensitive to FXIII; therefore, specific FXIII assays are necessary to detect the deficiency. The clinical picture of congenital FXIII deficiency comprises abortions, umbilical cord bleeding, increased surgical bleeding, intracerebral hemorrhage (which can, unfortunately, be the very first sign of severe FXIII deficiency), menorrhagia, and wound-healing disorders...
2014: Journal of Blood Medicine
M Williams, A Will, C Stenmo, A Rosholm, R Tehranchi
Congenital factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is a rare bleeding disorder, which in its severe form is associated with a significant bleeding phenotype, requiring regular prophylactic therapy. A recently developed recombinant FXIII (rFXIII) has demonstrated safety and efficacy in children aged ≥6 years and adults (mentor1 trial). This article describes the mentor4 trial, which has assessed the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety of rFXIII in younger children (1 to <6 years) with congenital FXIII deficiency, and compares extrapolated PK parameters with the mentor1 trial...
January 2014: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Johannes Dodt, Peter Volkers, Rainer Seitz
Triggering the extrinsic coagulation pathway in plasma and using a fluorogenic factor XIIIa (FXIIIa) substrate for continuously monitoring FXIIIa activity, an FXIIIa generation curve is obtained. The parameters area under the curve (AUC), time to peak (TTP), and concentration at peak (CP) were calculated. In dilutions of normal plasma in FXIII-deficient plasma, AUC and CP showed linear dose-response relationships, whereas TTP increased from 9.9 min for 25% FXIII to 11.6 min for 100% FXIII. Three FXIII-A preparations (rFXIII, rFXIII(V34L), and cellular FXIII [cFXIII]) showed a linear dose response for AUC and CP...
August 15, 2013: Analytical Biochemistry
Aida Inbal, Johannes Oldenburg, Manuel Carcao, Anders Rosholm, Ramin Tehranchi, Diane Nugent
Congenital factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is a rare, autosomal-recessive disorder, with most patients having an A-subunit (FXIII-A) deficiency. Patients experience life-threatening bleeds, impaired wound healing, and spontaneous abortions. In many countries, only plasma or cryoprecipitate treatments are available, but these carry a risk for allergic reactions and infection with blood-borne pathogens. The present study was a multinational, open-label, single-arm, phase 3 prophylaxis trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of a novel recombinant FXIII (rFXIII) in congenital FXIII-A subunit deficiency...
May 31, 2012: Blood
Sergey B Zaets, Da-Zhong Xu, Qi Lu, Eleonora Feketova, Tamara L Berezina, Inga V Malinina, Edwin A Deitch, Eva H Olsen
BACKGROUND: Plasma factor XIII (FXIII) is responsible for stabilization of fibrin clot at the final stage of blood coagulation. Since FXIII has also been shown to modulate inflammation, endothelial permeability, as well as diminish multiple organ dysfunction (MOD) after gut ischemia-reperfusion injury, we hypothesized that FXIII would reduce MOD caused by trauma-hemorrhagic shock (THS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were subjected to a 90 min THS or trauma sham shock (TSS) and treated with either recombinant human FXIII A(2) subunit (rFXIII) or placebo immediately after resuscitation with shed blood or at the end of the TSS period...
April 2011: Journal of Surgical Research
Gunhild Klarskov Kristiansen, Mette Dahl Andersen
Factor XIII (FXIII) is a pro-transglutaminase found in the plasma as well as intracellularly in platelets and macrophages. Plasma FXIII is activated by thrombin cleavage (FXIIIa*) and acts in the final stages of blood coagulation cascade. In contrast, the function and activation of cellular FXIII are less characterized. Cellular FXIII relies on a conformational activation of the protein. The nonproteolytic activation of FXIII to FXIIIa° induced by Ca(2+) alone is well known, but up until now it has been discussed under which conditions the process can be induced and whether it can be reversed...
March 18, 2011: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Kerrie A Smith, Penelope J Adamson, Richard J Pease, Jane M Brown, Anthony J Balmforth, Paul A Cordell, Robert A S Ariëns, Helen Philippou, Peter J Grant
Fibrinogen αC residues 242-424 have been shown to have a major regulatory role in the activation of factor XIII-A(2)B(2) (FXIII-A(2)B(2)); however, the interactions underpinning this enhancing effect have not been determined. Here, we have characterized the binding of recombinant (r)FXIII-A subunit and FXIII-A(2)B(2) with fibrin(ogen) and fibrin αC residues 233-425. Using recombinant truncations of the fibrin αC region 233-425 and surface plasmon resonance, we found that activated rFXIII-A bound αC 233-425 (K(d) of 2...
March 24, 2011: Blood
Jerrold H Levy, Ravi Gill, Nancy A Nussmeier, Peter Skov Olsen, Henning F Andersen, Frank V McL Booth, Christian M Jespersen
Bleeding following cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) remains a major concern. Coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) functions as a clot-stabilising factor by cross-linking fibrin. Low post-operative levels of FXIII correlate with increased post-operative blood loss. To evaluate preliminary safety and pharmacokinetics of recombinant FXIII (rFXIII-A(2)) in cardiac surgery, patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting were randomised to receive a single dose of either rFXIII-A(2) (11.9, 25, 35 or 50 IU/kg) or placebo in a 4:1 ratio...
October 2009: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Pär I Johansson, Niels Jacobsen, Dorthe Viuff, Eva H N Olsen, Rasmus Rojkjaer, Søren Andersen, Lars C Petersen, Marianne Kjalke
The haemostatic effect of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa;NovoSeven) in thrombocytopenic patients has been a matter of controversy. Haemostasis by rFVIIa occurs via FVIIa-mediated thrombin generation in a platelet-dependent manner and may therefore be suboptimal in patients without functional platelets. Under such conditions, a clot-stabilizing agent, such as factor XIII (FXIII), may supplement the effect ofrFVIIa and improve haemostasis. Recombinant factor XIII (rFXIII-A2) is produced as an A2 homodimer of the FXIII A subunit and is equivalent to cellular FXIII normally found in platelets...
November 2008: British Journal of Haematology
Sergey B Zaets, Da-Zhong Xu, Qi Lu, Eleonora Feketova, Tamara L Berezina, Maryann Gruda, Inga V Malinina, Edwin A Deitch, Eva H N Olsen
Plasma factor XIII (FXIII) is responsible for stabilization of fibrin clot at the final stage of blood coagulation. Because FXIII has also been shown to modulate inflammation and endothelial permeability, we hypothesized that FXIII diminishes multiple organ dysfunction caused by gut I/R injury. A model of superior mesenteric artery occlusion (SMAO) was used to induce gut I/R injury. Rats were subjected to 45-min SMAO or sham SMAO and treated with recombinant human FXIII A2 subunit (rFXIII) or placebo at the beginning of the reperfusion period...
June 2009: Shock
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