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Richard Bryce, Ignacio Losada Carreño, Andrew Kumler, Bri-Mathias Hodge, Billy Roberts, Carlo Brancucci Martinez-Anido
This article contains data and summary statistics of solar irradiance and dry bulb temperature across the Hawaiian archipelago resolved on a monthly basis and spanning years 1998-2015. This data was derived in association with an article titled "Consequences of Neglecting the Interannual Variability of the Solar Resource: A Case Study of Photovoltaic Power Among the Hawaiian Islands" (Bryce et al., 2018 [7]). The solar irradiance data is presented in terms of Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI), Diffuse Horizontal Irradiance (DHI), and Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) and was obtained from the satellite-derived data contained in the National Solar Radiation Database (NSRDB)...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Julien Nou, Rémi Chauvin, Julien Eynard, Stéphane Thil, Stéphane Grieu
Increasing power plant efficiency through improved operation is key in the development of Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) technologies. To this end, one of the most challenging topics remains accurately forecasting the solar resource at a short-term horizon. Indeed, in CSP plants, production is directly impacted by both the availability and variability of the solar resource and, more specifically, by Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI). The present paper deals with a new approach to the intrahour forecasting (the forecast horizon [Formula: see text] is up to [Formula: see text] ahead) of DNI, taking advantage of the fact that this quantity can be split into two terms, i...
April 2018: Heliyon
Jiro Ito, Kazuma Nagata, Susumu Sato, Akira Shiraki, Naoki Nishimura, Shinyu Izumi, Ryo Tachikawa, Takeshi Morimoto, Keisuke Tomii
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) is widely used mainly in the acute care setting, but limited data are available on real-world practice in adults. The objective of this study was to describe HFNC practices in Japanese adults. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional multicenter survey of adult patients receiving HFNC from January through March 2015 was conducted in 33 participating hospitals in Japan. RESULTS: We obtained information on 321 patients (median age, 76; 218 men, 103 women; median estimated PaO2 /FI O2, 178 mm Hg) from 22 hospitals...
May 2018: Respiratory Investigation
Mona Morland, Rolf Haagensen, Fredrik A Dahl, Jan-Erik Berdal
BACKGROUND: The purpose of medical intermediate care units is the observation and treatment of patients with incipient or manifest organ failure. We wished to obtain data on which conditions result in admission to these units and the prognosis for these patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: All patients admitted to the medical intermediate care unit at Akershus University Hospital in 2014 were registered prospectively with reason for admission, period of hospitalisation, degree of severity, comorbidity, last place of hospitalisation prior to medical intermediate care and treatment limitations (do-not-resuscitate order and/or do-not-intubate order)...
May 8, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
Amit Abraham, Ariel Hart, Isaac Andrade, Madeleine E Hackney
People with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience kinesthetic deficits, which affect motor and nonmotor functions, including mental imagery. Imagery training is a recommended, yet underresearched, approach in PD rehabilitation. Dynamic Neuro-Cognitive Imagery (DNI™) is a codified method for imagery training. Twenty subjects with idiopathic PD (Hoehn and Yahr stages I-III) were randomly allocated into DNI training (experimental; n = 10) or in-home learning and exercise program (control; n = 10). Both groups completed at least 16 hours of training within two weeks...
2018: Neural Plasticity
Chiwon Ahn, Wonhee Kim, Tae Ho Lim, Youngsuk Cho, Kyu-Sun Choi, Bo-Hyoung Jang
We performed a meta-analysis to seek evidence for the usefulness of the delta neutrophil index (DNI) as a prognostic blood biomarker for mortality in the early stage of sepsis in adults. A literature search was performed using criteria set forth in a predefined protocol. Studies of adults with sepsis that provided a DNI measurement and that had mortality as the outcome, were included. Review articles, editorials, and non-human studies were excluded. The methodological quality of identified studies was assessed independently by two authors using the Quality in Prognosis Studies (QUIPS) tool...
April 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hui Yuan, Rong Gao
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the impact of involvement of the infrahyoid neck space on the management of non-odontogenic DNI. METHOD: Eighty-one patients treated for non-odontogenic DNI over 5 years were retrospectively recruited into this study. Demographics, etiology, radiology results, treatments, duration/cost of hospital stay, and complications were recorded. Differences between DNIs with and without infrahyoid involvement, as defined based on an anatomical chart, were analyzed...
July 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Juyoung Yoo, Sung Soo Ahn, Seung Min Jung, Jason Jungsik Song, Yong Beom Park, Sang Won Lee
PURPOSE: Delta neutrophil index (DNI) represents the immature granulocytes count associated with neutrophil-consumption. We investigated whether DNI might be associated with Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS) at diagnosis and could predict relapse during the follow-up in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 97 patients having DNI results. Twenty patients had granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), 58 had microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), and 19 had eosinophilic GPA (EGPA)...
May 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
S X Liu, M S Zou
The radiation loading on a vibratory finite cylindrical shell is conventionally evaluated through the direct numerical integration (DNI) method. An alternative strategy via the fast Fourier transform algorithm is put forward in this work based on the general expression of radiation impedance. To check the feasibility and efficiency of the proposed method, a comparison with DNI is presented through numerical cases. The results obtained using the present method agree well with those calculated by DNI. More importantly, the proposed calculating strategy can significantly save the time cost compared with the conventional approach of straightforward numerical integration...
March 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Victoria O Polyakova, Igor M Kvetnoy, George Anderson, Jessica Rosati, Gianluigi Mazzoccoli, Natalya S Linkova
Structural and functional alterations of mitochondria are intimately linked to a wide array of medical conditions. Many factors are involved in the regulation of mitochondrial function, including cytokines, chaperones, chemokines, neurosteroids, and ubiquitins. The role of diffusely located cells of the neuroendocrine system, including biogenic amines and peptide hormones, in the management of mitochondrial function, as well as the role of altered mitochondrial function in the regulation of these cells and system, is an area of intense investigation...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Meng-Ruey Wu, Chia-Ying Hsiao, Chun-Han Cheng, Feng-Ching Liao, Chuan-Lei Chao, Chun-Yen Chen, Hung-I Yeh, Min-I Su
INTRODUCTION: Paraquat poisoning can result in dysfunction of multiple organs, and pulmonary fibrosis with respiratory failure is the major cause of mortality. For terminally ill patients, some life-prolonging treatments can be non-beneficial treatments (NBT). The objective of this study was to determine if intubation is a NBT for patients with respiratory failure due to paraquat poisoning. METHODS: The study included 68 patients with respiratory failure due to paraquat poisoning...
2018: PloS One
Michael E Wilson, Abdul M Majzoub, Claudia C Dobler, J Randall Curtis, Tarek Nayfeh, Bjorg Thorsteinsdottir, Amelia K Barwise, Jon C Tilburt, Ognjen Gajic, Victor M Montori, M Hassan Murad
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of noninvasive ventilation in patients with acute respiratory failure and do-not-intubate or comfort-measures-only orders. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, and Web of Science from inception to January 1, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Studies of all design types that enrolled patients in the ICU or hospital ward who received noninvasive ventilation and had preset do-not-intubate or comfort-measures-only orders...
March 1, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Myung Jin Ban, Jae Yeup Jung, Jae Wook Kim, Ki Nam Park, Seung Won Lee, Yoon Woo Koh, Jae Hong Park
BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective study was to identify predictors of an abscess guaranteed to be surgically drained successfully in patients with deep neck infection (DNI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We divided 97 consecutive patients with DNI into a drained group and a non-drained group. We then developed a clinical prediction score and validated it in 32 further patients. RESULTS: Significant predictors of successful surgical drainage (i...
April 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Kyawzaw Lin, Jamil Shah, Emmanuel Ofori, Vahe Shahnazarian, Madhavi Reddy
Esophageal cancer is the eighth-most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The most common presenting symptom in advanced distal esophageal cancer is the sensation of sticking food, but it may sometimes present with bleeding and related complications, or asymptomatic leukocytosis. We present the case of a 77-year-old afebrile man with chronic alcoholism and a dilated thoracic esophagus with painful, progressive, and persistent dysphagia and leukocytosis of unknown origin. A 77-year-old man with a past medical history of hypertension and colonic cancer status post right hemicolectomy (surveillance negative) presented to the emergency department with painful, progressive, persistent, and worsening dysphagia for the past three weeks...
November 16, 2017: Curēus
David Snipelisky, Adrian Dumitrascu, Jordan Ray, Archana Roy, Gautam Matcha, Dana Harris, Tyler Vadeboncoeur, Fred Kusumoto, M Caroline Burton
INTRODUCTION: Guidelines recommend discussing code status with patients on hospital admission. No study has evaluated the feasibility of a full code with do not intubate (DNI) status. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who experienced a cardiopulmonary arrest was performed between May 1, 2008 and June 20, 2014. A descriptive analysis was created based on whether patients required mechanical ventilatory support during the hospitalization and comparisons were made between both patient subsets...
December 6, 2017: Acute Cardiac Care
R Troìa, C Agnoli, S Calipa, S Segalina, E Murgia, M Gruarin, F Dondi, M Giunti
Immature granulocytes (IG) are a marker of severe inflammatory states in human beings and animals, and have been linked to a diagnosis of sepsis and poor prognosis. The delta neutrophil index (DNI), automatically calculated by a haematological analyser, provides an estimate of circulating IG. In particular, an increased DNI value has been associated with the severity of sepsis, and mortality, in critically ill human beings. The aims of this study were to determine the DNI reference interval (RI) in healthy dogs, and to evaluate its diagnostic and prognostic significance in dogs with sepsis...
December 2017: Veterinary Journal
Haemin Lee, Im-Kyung Kim, Man Ki Ju
Purpose: Predicting the need for surgical intervention among patients with intestinal obstruction is challenging. The delta neutrophil index (DNI) has been suggested as a useful marker of immature granulocytes, which indicate an infection or sepsis. In this study, we evaluated the impact of the DNI as an early predictor of operation among patients with intestinal obstruction. Methods: A total of 171 patients who were diagnosed with postoperative intestinal obstruction were enrolled in this study...
November 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Ghénadie Novitchi, Shangda Jiang, Sergiu Shova, Fatima Rida, Ivo Hlavička, Milan Orlita, Wolfgang Wernsdorfer, Rana Hamze, Cyril Martins, Nicolas Suaud, Nathalie Guihéry, Anne-Laure Barra, Cyrille Train
A series of mononuclear [M(hfa)2 (pic)2 ] (Hhfa = 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoro-2,4-pentanedione; pic = 4-methylpyridine; M = FeII , CoII , NiII , ZnII ) compounds were obtained and characterized. The structures of the complexes have been resolved by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, indicating that, apart from the zinc derivative, the complexes are in a trans configuration. Moreover, a dramatic lenghthening of the Fe-N distances was observed, whereas the nickel(II) complex is almost perfectly octahedral. The magnetic anisotropy of these complexes was thoroughly studied by direct-current (dc) magnetic measurements, high-field electron paramagnetic resonance, and infrared (IR) magnetospectroscopy: the iron(II) derivative exhibits an out-of-plane anisotropy (DFe = -7...
December 18, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Kara Bischoff, David L O'Riordan, Angela K Marks, Rebecca Sudore, Steven Z Pantilat
Importance: Care planning is a critical function of palliative care teams, but the impact of advance care planning and goals of care discussions by palliative care teams has not been well characterized. Objective: To describe the population of patients referred to inpatient palliative care consultation teams for care planning, the needs identified by palliative care clinicians, the care planning activities that occur, and the results of these activities. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a prospective cohort study conducted between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2016...
January 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Alise Adoviča, Linda Veidere, Marks Ronis, Gunta Sumeraga
OBJECTIVES: In patients hospitalized due to deep neck infections (DNIs), to investigate the association between demographic parameters, etiology, and localization of abscesses and/or phlegmons, complications, comorbidities, treatment, and bacterial cultures. METHODS: We analyzed data of 263 patients that were hospitalized from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2015, due to deep neck space phlegmons and/or abscesses. We performed statistical analysis with the SPSS 22...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
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