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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690479/the-spurious-dragonfly-the-intricate-nomenclatural-problems-regarding-the-names-libelloides-and-libelluloides-neuroptera-ascalaphidae-et-myrmeleontidae
#1
Roberto A Pantaleoni, Laura Loru
Around 1970 Tjeder suggested two changes to the nomenclature of the Ascalaphidae regarding the names Libelloides and libelluloides. To avoid future confusion, we augment Tjeder's work by analyzing the nomenclatural status of all taxa related to these names-specifically Libelloides Schäffer, 1763 and Libelloides coccajus ([Denis et Schiffermüller], 1775), Ascalaphidae, and Palpares libelluloides (Linnaeus, 1764), Myrmeleontidae. After a short historical preamble, we treat the three taxa in chronological order of description...
February 27, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689947/nomenclatural-studies-toward-a-world-list-of-diptera-genus-group-names-part-vi-daniel-william-coquillett
#2
Neal L Evenhuis
The Diptera genus-group names of Daniel William Coquillett are reviewed and annotated. A total of 136 available genus-group names in 53 families of Diptera are listed alphabetically, and for each name giving author, year and page of original publication, originally included species, type species and method of fixation, current status of the name, family placement, and a list of any emendations of it that have been found in the literature. Remarks are given to clarify nomenclatural or taxonomic information. In addition, an index to all the species-group names of Diptera proposed by Coquillett (1,218, of which 1,214 are available names) is given with bibliographic reference (year and page) to each original citation...
February 18, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689904/a-review-of-synegiodes-swinhoe-1892-lepidoptera-geometridae-with-description-of-two-new-species
#3
Le Cui, Nan Jiang, Dieter StÜning, Hongxiang Han
The genus Synegiodes Swinhoe, 1892 is reviewed and redescribed, S. sanguinaria (Moore, 1868) is formally fixed as type-species according to the provisions of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Seven species, including S. brunnearia (Leech, 1897), are presently recognized as members of this genus and two new species from China and N. Vietnam, S. expansus sp. nov. and S. elasmlatus sp. nov., are described herein. The original specific status of S. histrionaria ornata (Bastelberger, 1909) is restored...
February 26, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685862/usage-of-a-digital-health-workplace-intervention-based-on-socioeconomic-environment-and-race-retrospective-secondary-cross-sectional-study
#4
Conor Senecal, R Jay Widmer, Kent Bailey, Lilach O Lerman, Amir Lerman
BACKGROUND: Digital health tools have been associated with improvement of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and outcomes; however, the differential use of these technologies among various ethnic and economic classes is not well known. OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of socioeconomic environment on usage of a digital health intervention. METHODS: A retrospective secondary cross-sectional analysis of a workplace digital health tool use, in association with a change in intermediate markers of CVD, was undertaken over the course of one year in 26,188 participants in a work health program across 81 organizations in 42 American states between 2011 and 2014...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684373/racial-disparity-in-utilization-of-high-volume-hospitals-for-surgical-treatment-of-esophageal-cancer
#5
Sadiq S Rehmani, Bian Liu, Adnan Al-Ayoubi, Wissam Raad, Raja M Flores, Faiz Bhora, Emanuela Taioli
BACKGROUND: Utilization of high-volume hospitals (HVH) for esophagectomy has been associated with improved perioperative outcomes and reduced mortality. We aimed to test the hypothesis that black-white racial disparities exist in HVH utilization, and to identify predictors of in-hospital surgical outcomes of esophageal cancer while adjusting for HVH utilization patterns. METHODS: We queried the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database (1995-2012) for esophageal cancer patients who underwent surgical resection exclusively...
April 20, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683440/an-integrated-platform-for-genome-wide-mapping-of-chromatin-states-using-high-throughput-chip-sequencing-in-tumor-tissues
#6
Christopher Terranova, Ming Tang, Elias Orouji, Mayinuer Maitituoheti, Ayush Raman, Samirkumar Amin, Zhiyi Liu, Kunal Rai
Histone modifications constitute a major component of the epigenome and play important regulatory roles in determining the transcriptional status of associated loci. In addition, the presence of specific modifications has been used to determine the position and identity non-coding functional elements such as enhancers. In recent years, chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by next generation sequencing (ChIP-seq) has become a powerful tool in determining the genome-wide profiles of individual histone modifications...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678899/zfas1-functions-as-an-oncogenic-long-noncoding-rna-in-bladder-cancer
#7
Haifan Yang, Ge Li, Bo Cheng, Rui Jiang
Long non-coding RNA ZFAS1 has been suggested to function as an oncogenic role in the tumorigenesis of human malignant tumors. However, the expression status and biological function of ZFAS1 in bladder cancer is still unknown. Thus, the purpose of this study is to explore the clinical value of ZFAS1 in bladder cancer patient, and the biological function of ZFAS1 in bladder cancer cell. In the present study, we found ZFAS1 expression was increased in bladder cancer tissues compared with paired adjacent normal tissues through analyzing the Cancer Genome Atlas database...
April 20, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678074/a-synthesis-of-students-theses-in-the-accredited-hhsi-master-s-programme
#8
Ulla-Mari Kinnunen, Kaija Saranto
Education in Health Informatics (HI) has been a key priority to guarantee knowledge and skills for professionals working in healthcare settings. One of the early academic models to teach HI are the recommendations provided by the International Medical Informatics Association. The paper describes the curriculum developed for master's degrees and the status of a paradigm used in informatics education, as well as research in the health and human services fields. The aim is to synthesise the methodological focuses in students' theses and discuss the future needs for development...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675950/risk-factors-for-red-blood-cell-alloimmunization-in-the-recipient-epidemiology-and-donor-evaluation-study-reds-iii-database
#9
Matthew S Karafin, Matt Westlake, Ronald G Hauser, Christopher A Tormey, Philip J Norris, Nareg H Roubinian, Yanyun Wu, Darrell J Triulzi, Steve Kleinman, Jeanne E Hendrickson
Despite the significance of red blood cell (RBC) alloimmunization, the lack of standardized registries in the US has prevented the completion of large studies. Data from 3·5 years of the Recipient Epidemiology and Donor Evaluation Study-III (REDS-III) recipient database, containing information from 12 hospitals, were studied. A RBC alloantibody responder had an antibody identified at any point during the study, and a non-responder had a negative antibody screen at least 15 days post-RBC transfusion. Demographics, blood type, ICD9/10 codes, and other potential correlates were evaluated...
April 19, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675055/shifting-paradigm-from-no-code-and-do-not-resuscitate-to-goals-of-care-policies
#10
Yaseen M Arabi, Abdulla A Al-Sayyari, Mohamed S Al Moamary
Policies addressing limitations of medical therapy in patients with advanced medical conditions are typically referred to as Code Status (No Code) policies or Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) status polices. Inconsistencies in implementation, understanding, decision-making, communication and management of No Code or DNR orders have led to delivery of poorer care to some patients. Several experts have called for a change in the current approach. The new approach, Goals of Care paradigm, aims to contextualize the decisions about resuscitation and advanced life support within the overall plan of care, focusing on choices of treatments to be given rather than specifically on treatments not to be given...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673804/infectious-disease-health-services-for-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-during-a-time-of-crisis-a-scoping-study-of-six-european-union-countries
#11
Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Mariya Samuilova, Roumyana Petrova-Benedict, Enrico Girardi, Pierluca Piselli, Alexander Kentikelenis
BACKGROUND: Systematic information on infectious disease services provided to refugees and asylum seekers in the European Union (EU) is sparse. We conducted a scoping study of experts in six EU countries in order to map health system responses related to infectious disease prevention and control among refugees and asylum seekers. METHODS: We conducted 27 semi-structured in-depth interviews with first-line staff and health officials to collect information about existing guidelines and practices at each stage of reception in first-entry (Greece/Italy), transit (Croatia/Slovenia), and destination countries (Austria/Sweden)...
April 11, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673429/lumbar-disc-herniation-in-military-helicopter-pilots-vs-matched-controls
#12
Jeffrey B Knox, J Banks Deal, Jennifer A Knox
INTRODUCTION: Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a common injury among active duty service members resulting in missed duty hours and limited duty status. Little is known about the current burden of disease and risk factors for LDH among military rotary wing aviators. METHODS: A query was made using the Defense Medical Epidemiology Database (DMED), including patient encounters for the U.S. Military from 2006-2015 using the ICD-9 code for LDH. Incidence rates were calculated for patients with the occupation of helicopter pilot and stratified by age, gender, and branch of service, then compared to matched controls using a Poisson regression analysis...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672691/county-context-and-mental-health-service-utilization-by-older-hispanics
#13
Kyeongmo Kim
Background and Objectives: Although older Hispanics experience high rates of depression, they tend to underuse mental health services. The study examined the association between county characteristics and mental health service use among older Hispanics, controlling for individual characteristics. Research Design and Methods: The study used the 2008-2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Study and linked county-level data from the 2013-2014 Area Health Resources Files and the 2008-2012 Chronic Conditions Data Warehouse, using the Federal Information Processing Standard county code...
April 16, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672327/the-affordable-care-act-decreased-the-proportion-of-uninsured-patients-in-a-safety-net-orthopaedic-clinic
#14
Joseph A Gil, Avi D Goodman, Justin Kleiner, Robin N Kamal, Laurence C Baker, Edward Akelman
BACKGROUND: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) was approved in 2010, substantially altering the economics of providing and receiving healthcare services in the United States. One of the primary goals of this legislation was to expand insurance coverage for under- and uninsured residents. Our objective was to examine the effect of the ACA on the insurance status of patients at a safety net clinic. Our institution houses a safety net clinic that provides the dominant majority of orthopaedic care for uninsured patients in our state...
May 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669570/health-care-seeking-patterns-for-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-among-young-somalis-in-norway
#15
Vivian N Mbanya, Abdi A Gele, Esperanza Diaz, Bernadette Kumar
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a great concern, considering all the potential health implications. Use of health care services related to FGM/C by women who have been subjected to FGM/C in Norway remains to be understood. This study aims to explore the health care-seeking patterns for FGM/C-related health care problems, among young Somalis in Norway. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 325 young Somalis in Oslo was conducted in 2014 using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) technique...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668999/patterns-of-burn-injuries-in-manitoba-a-population-health-study
#16
Japandeep Sethi, Justin P Gawaziuk, Nora Cristall, Sarvesh Logsetty
Burns continue to be a common cause of morbidity around the world, and socioeconomic status has been linked to high burn risk in developed and developing countries. The purpose of this study was to define in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada: 1) demographics of adult patients with severe burns; 2) the relationship between household income and burn incidence; 3) specific geographic areas that may benefit from targeted burn prevention strategies. We conducted a retrospective study of adult (>18 years) patients in Winnipeg, with burns severe enough to require at least one day of hospitalization between 2006 to 2016...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665944/-current-status-and-challenges-of-car-t-immunotherapy-in-hematologic-malignancies-review
#17
Xin Cheng, Ya-Jie Wang, Shuai Feng, Ya-Yun Wu, Tong-Hua Yang, Xun Lai
The chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy has gradually became a new trend in the treatment of refractory and relapsed hematologic malignancies by developing for 30 years. With the exciting development of genetic engineering, CAR-T technology has subjected to 4 generations of innovation. Structure of CAR-T started from a single signal molecule to 2 or more than 2 co-stimulatory molecules, and then coding the CAR gene or promoter. CAR-T can specifically recognize tumor antigens, and does not be restricted by major histocompatibility complex (MHC), thus making a breakthrough in clinical treatment...
April 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665702/current-weight-management-approaches-used-by-primary-care-providers-in-six-multidisciplinary-healthcare-settings-in-ontario
#18
Stephanie Aboueid, Monika Jasinska, Ivy Bourgeault, Isabelle Giroux
Background Obesity management in primary care has been suboptimal due to lack of access to allied health professionals, time, and resources. Purpose To understand the weight management approaches used by primary care providers working in team-based settings and how they assess the most suitable approach for a patient. Methods A total of 20 primary care providers (13 nurse practitioners and 7 family physicians) working in 6 multidisciplinary clinics in Ontario were interviewed. All interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and coded using NVivo qualitative software...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663853/collateral-pial-circulation-relates-to-the-degree-of-brain-edema-on-ct-24-hours-after-ischemic-stroke
#19
Orlando Galego, Joana Jesus-Ribeiro, Mariana Baptista, João Sargento-Freitas, Ana Inês Martins, Fernando Silva, Gustavo Cordeiro Santos, Luís Cunha, César Nunes, Egídio Machado
Background Cerebral edema is frequent in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) who undergo reperfusion therapy and is associated with high mortality. The impact of collateral pial circulation (CPC) status on the development of edema has not yet been determined. Methods We studied consecutive patients with AIS and documented M1-middle cerebral artery (MCA) and/or distal internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion who underwent reperfusion treatment. Edema was graded on the 24-hour non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) scan...
January 1, 2018: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663266/hepatitis-b-virus-screening-and-reactivation-in-a-national-va-cohort-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-treated-with-tumor-necrosis-factor-antagonists
#20
Rajesh Shah, Edith Y Ho, Jennifer R Kramer, Peter Richardson, Shubhada Sansgiry, Hashem B El-Serag, Jason K Hou
BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines recommend screening for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection prior to initiating treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy. However, the adherence to these screening guidelines and the clinical outcomes of HBV reactivation following anti-TNF use are not well known. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using the Veterans Health Administration datasets for IBD patients with filled prescriptions for anti-TNFs from 2003 to 2011...
April 16, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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