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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451934/development-of-a-self-report-checklist-to-assess-dementia-care-by-nurses-in-hospital-settings
#1
Chikako Ikegami, Katsumasa Ota
Nurses working at general hospitals face difficulties in providing dementia care. The current study examined aged care nurses' dementia care practices in the hospital setting and developed a dementia care checklist that nurses can use to review their own care practice. A self-administered questionnaire was given to 676 participants; responses were collected from 595 participants. Exploratory factor analysis identified six factors (e.g., patient understanding prompted by concern and interest for the patient, respect for patients' voluntary behavior, early detection of abnormalities) among the questionnaire's 28 items...
February 13, 2018: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451933/depressive-symptoms-and-physical-frailty-in-older-adults-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Youn-Jung Son, Eun Ji Seo
Depressive symptoms and physical frailty have been reported to be predictive of adverse outcomes in individuals with heart failure (HF). Depressive symptoms could be a predisposing factor of physical frailty in older adults. Despite the high prevalence of HF, few studies on the relationship between these two factors have been performed in older adults with HF. To identify the relationship between depressive symptoms and physical frailty in HF, 190 older adults with HF were recruited from an outpatient clinic at a tertiary hospital in South Korea...
February 13, 2018: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451932/in-vitro-screening-of-the-antibacterial-and-anti-candida-properties-of-crushed-nonantimicrobial-drugs-frequently-prescribed-in-nursing-homes
#3
Julie Lamure, Marlène Chevalier, Pascal Rathelot, Françoise Mignolet, Isabelle Precheur
Frail older adults often experience swallowing disorders, prompting nursing staff to crush tablets, open capsules, and mix drugs into their meals or gelled water. However, crushing drugs can lead to pharmacological and gustatory problems. As crushed drugs can stay in prolonged contact with oral microbial biofilm, the current study aimed to investigate their antimicrobial properties. Crushed drugs were diluted in 1 mL of isotonic water and assayed in vitro for: (a) growth inhibition of five bacterial strains and Candida albicans by the diffusion method; (b) inhibition of Streptococcus salivarius and C...
February 13, 2018: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450870/early-and-long-period-follow-up-results-of-low-glycemic-index-diet-for-migraine-prophylaxis
#4
Gökhan Evcili, Uygar Utku, Muhammed Nur Öğün, Gökhan Özdemir
OBJECTIVES: The role of dietary restriction in the management of patients with migraine is still a controversial topic in the headache field. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of dietary restriction on migraine attacks. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with migraine without aura according to the International Classification of Headaches were enrolled. Our study included 350 migraine patients evaluated at the neurology headache outpatient clinic. They were randomly divided into two groups: diet group as the study group and medication group as the control group...
January 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447815/pre-and-post-operative-evaluation-of-the-frequency-of-nocturnal-enuresis-and-modified-pediatric-epworth-scale-in-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients
#5
Kerem Sami Kaya, Bilge Türk, Zeynep Nur Erol, Pınar Akova, Berna Uslu Coşkun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the beneficial effect of adenotonsillectomy (AT) on nocturnal enuresis (NE) in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy and evaluate the Modified Pediatric Epworth Scale (MPES). METHODS: This was a prospective study comparing preoperative and postoperative evaluation of the frequency of NE and MPES in pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). A questionnaire on NE history was prepared based on the Turkish Enuresis Guidelines. NE histories were evaluated pre- and postoperatively on the first month and third month, respectively...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440463/immune-activation-underlies-a-sustained-clinical-response-to-yttrium-90-radioembolisation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Valerie Chew, Yun Hua Lee, Lu Pan, Nurul J M Nasir, Chun Jye Lim, Camillus Chua, Liyun Lai, Sharifah Nur Hazirah, Tony Kiat Hon Lim, Brian K P Goh, Alexander Chung, Richard H G Lo, David Ng, Rene L F Filarca, Salvatore Albani, Pierce K H Chow
OBJECTIVES: Yttrium-90 (Y90)-radioembolisation (RE) significantly regresses locally advanced hepatocellular carcinoma and delays disease progression. The current study is designed to deeply interrogate the immunological impact of Y90-RE, which elicits a sustained therapeutic response. DESIGN: Time-of-flight mass cytometry and next-generation sequencing (NGS) were used to analyse the immune landscapes of tumour-infiltrating leucocytes (TILs), tumour tissues and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) at different time points before and after Y90-RE...
February 13, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436710/mesophyll-conductance-does-not-contribute-to-greater-photosynthetic-rate-per-unit-nitrogen-in-temperate-compared-with-tropical-evergreen-wet-forest-tree-leaves
#7
Nur H A Bahar, Lucy Hayes, Andrew P Scafaro, Owen K Atkin, John R Evans
Globally, trees originating from high-rainfall tropical regions typically exhibit lower rates of light-saturated net CO 2 assimilation (A) compared with those from high-rainfall temperate environments, when measured at a common temperature. One factor that has been suggested to contribute towards lower rates of A is lower mesophyll conductance. Using a combination of leaf gas exchange and carbon isotope discrimination measurements, we estimated mesophyll conductance (g m ) of several Australian tropical and temperate wet-forest trees, grown in a common environment...
February 13, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434179/sma-diagnosis-detection-of-smn1-deletion-with-real-time-mcop-pcr-system-using-fresh-blood-dna
#8
Emma Tabe Eko Niba, Mawaddah Ar Rochmah, Nur Imma Fatimah Harahap, Hiroyuki Awano, Ichiro Morioka, Kazumoto Iijima, Toshio Saito, Kayoko Saito, Atsuko Takeuchi, Poh San Lai, Yoshihiro Bouike, Hisahide Nishio, Masakazu Shinohara
BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is one of the most common autosomal recessive disorders. The symptoms are caused by defects of lower motor neurons in the spinal cord. More than 95% of SMA patients are homozygous for survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) deletion. We previously developed a screening system for SMN1 deletion based on a modified competitive oligonucleotide priming-PCR (mCOP-PCR) technique using dried blood spot (DBS) on filter paper. This system is convenient for mass screening in the large population and/or first-tier diagnostic method of the patients in the remote areas...
December 18, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434173/gender-effects-on-the-clinical-phenotype-in-japanese-patients-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#9
Mawaddah Ar Rochmah, Ai Shima, Nur Imma Fatimah Harahap, Emma Tabe Eko Niba, Naoya Morisada, Shinichiro Yanagisawa, Toshio Saito, Kaori Kaneko, Kayoko Saito, Ichiro Morioka, Kazumoto Iijima, Poh San Lai, Yoshihiro Bouike, Hisahide Nishio, Masakazu Shinohara
BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disease caused by a mutation in SMN1. SMA is classified into three subtypes (types 1, 2, 3) based on achieved motor milestones. Although NAIP and SMN2 are widely accepted as SMA-modifying factors, gender-related modifying factors or gender effects on the clinical phenotype are still controversial. METHODS: A total of 122 Japanese patients with SMA, of which SMN1 was homozygously deleted, were analyzed from the perspective of the achieved motor milestone, NAIP status and SMN2 copy number...
October 16, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434172/new-improved-version-of-the-mcop-pcr-screening-system-for-detection-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy-gene-smn1-deletion
#10
Masakazu Shinohara, Mawaddah Ar Rochmah, Kenta Nakanishi, Nur Imma Fatimah Harahap, Emma Tabe Eko Niba, Toshio Saito, Kayoko Saito, Atsuko Takeuchi, Yoshihiro Bouike, Hisahide Nishio
BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a frequent autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by lower motor neuron loss in the spinal cord. More than 95% of SMA patients show homozygous survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) deletion. We previously developed a screening system for SMN1 deletion based on a modified competitive oligonucleotide priming-PCR (mCOP-PCR) technique. However, non-specific amplification products were observed with mCOP-PCR, which might lead to erroneous interpretation of the screening results...
September 7, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433755/vitamin-mineral-and-micronutrient-status-in-patients-with-classical-phenylketonuria
#11
Engin Kose, Nur Arslan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Strict low-phenylalanine diet is associated with an increased risk of developing micronutrient deficiencies in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). The primary objective of this single-center, case-control study was to assess the nutritional parameters of patients with PKU on strict low-phenylalanine diet without vitamin and mineral supplementation compared to a healthy control group. Secondary objective was to identify the adequacy of vitamin/mineral supplementation in phenylalanine-free (Phe-free) amino acid formulas...
February 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433681/zerumbone-targets-the-cxcr4-rhoa-and-pi3k-mtor-signaling-axis-to-reduce-motility-and-proliferation-of-oral-cancer-cells
#12
Nur Syafinaz Zainal, Chai Phei Gan, Beng Fye Lau, Pei San Yee, Kai Hung Tiong, Zainal Ariff Abdul Rahman, Vyomesh Patel, Sok Ching Cheong
BACKGROUND: The CXCR4-RhoA and PI3K-mTOR signaling pathways play crucial roles in the dissemination and tumorigenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Activation of these pathways have made them promising molecular targets in the treatment of OSCC. Zerumbone, a bioactive monocyclic sesquiterpene isolated from the rhizomes of tropical ginger, Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Roscoe ex Sm. has displayed promising anticancer properties with the ability to modulate multiple molecular targets involved in carcinogenesis...
January 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433243/the-potential-applications-of-mushrooms-against-some-facets-of-atherosclerosis-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Nur Amalina Amirullah, Nurhayati Zainal Abidin, Noorlidah Abdullah
Atherosclerosis is a complex pathology that involves several factors in its development, like oxidative stress, inflammation, hyperlipidemia, platelet aggregation and thrombus formation. Several drugs and therapeutic approaches have been developed to handle these aspects of atherosclerosis. However, some of these treatments can be costly and have undesirable side effects. Many constituents of mushrooms have been shown to have potential anti-atherosclerotic effects in several in vitro and in vivo studies. Recently, the possible mechanisms in which they exert these effects have also been elucidated...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432657/clinical-profile-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-bacterial-isolates-and-factors-associated-with-complications-in-culture-proven-typhoid-patients-admitted-to-an-urban-hospital-in-bangladesh
#14
Halima Khatun, Shoeb Bin Islam, Nurun Nahar Naila, Syed Aminul Islam, Baitun Nahar, Md Nur Haque Alam, Tahmeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Typhoid fever is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in typhoid endemic countries like Bangladesh. However, data on the clinical and microbiological profile as well as factors associated with complications of typhoid in Bangladesh are scarce. We intended to characterize the clinical and microbiological profile of culture-proven typhoid fever and to identify factors associated with complications. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective analysis of clinical data from 431 patients with culture-confirmed typhoid fever admitted to Dhaka hospital of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, between January 2010 and December 2014...
February 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432357/perspectives-of-oncology-nurses-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-turkey-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Zehra Gok Metin, Nur Izgu, Canan Karadas, Ayse Arikan Donmez
In Turkey, between 22.1% and 84.1% of patients with cancer use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). However, few CAM-related studies have focused on the perspective of oncology nurses. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Turkish oncology nurses regarding CAM. A descriptive cross-sectional survey of 127 participants was conducted in Ankara, Turkey. A semistructured questionnaire including characteristics, knowledge, attitudes, and practices of oncology nurses toward CAM was administered to participants...
March 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430378/characterisation-of-the-simultaneous-molybdenum-reduction-and-glyphosate-degradation-by-burkholderia-vietnamiensis-aq5-12-and-burkholderia-sp-aq5-13
#16
Motharasan Manogaran, Siti Aqlima Ahmad, Nur Adeela Yasid, Hafeez Muhammad Yakasai, Mohd Yunus Shukor
In this novel study, we report on the use of two molybdenum-reducing bacteria with the ability to utilise the herbicide glyphosate as the phosphorus source. The bacteria reduced sodium molybdate to molybdenum blue (Mo-blue), a colloidal and insoluble product, which is less toxic. The characterisation of the molybdenum-reducing bacteria was carried out using resting cells immersed in low-phosphate molybdenum media. Two glyphosate-degrading bacteria, namely Burkholderia vietnamiensis AQ5-12 and Burkholderia sp...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430369/optimisation-of-culture-composition-for-glyphosate-degradation-by-burkholderia-vietnamiensis-strain-aq5-12
#17
Motharasan Manogaran, Mohd Yunus Shukor, Nur Adeela Yasid, Khalilah Abdul Khalil, Siti Aqlima Ahmad
The herbicide glyphosate is often used to control weeds in agricultural lands. However, despite its ability to effectively kill weeds at low cost, health problems are still reported due to its toxicity level. The removal of glyphosate from the environment is usually done by microbiological process since chemical process of degradation is ineffective due to the presence of highly stable bonds. Therefore, finding glyphosate-degrading microorganisms in the soil of interest is crucial to remediate this glyphosate...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422330/enhancement-of-cell-growth-and-phycocyanin-production-in-arthrospira-spirulina-platensis-by-metabolic-stress-and-nitrate-fed-batch
#18
Emmanuel Manirafasha, Theophile Murwanashyaka, Theoneste Ndikubwimana, Nur Rashid Ahmed, Jingyi Liu, Yinghua Lu, Xianhai Zeng, Xueping Ling, Keju Jing
Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis is known to have high-quality proteins content and phycocyanin as one of the major pigment constituents of the cells, and the most challenging problem associated with phycocyanin production in Arthrospira is to optimize its intracellular accumulation. The present study evaluated the metabolic stress conditions (by nutrient enrichment) of Arthrospira platensis FACHB-314 for boosting biomass growth and high content phycocyanin accumulation. Experimental results showed that 5 mM sodium glutamate and 7...
December 23, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422305/seasonal-biomass-and-alginate-stock-assessment-of-three-abundant-genera-of-brown-macroalgae-using-multispectral-high-resolution-satellite-remote-sensing-a-case-study-at-ekas-bay-lombok-indonesia
#19
Nur Azmi R Setyawidati, Maya Puspita, Awaludin H Kaimuddin, Ita Widowati, Eric Deslandes, Nathalie Bourgougnon, Valérie Stiger-Pouvreau
The potential of Indonesian bays as alginate producers was assessed by determining the stock of wild brown algae and exploring their biomass as alginophytes at the scale of entire bay, using a combination of field observations, remote sensing high resolution data and GIS tools. Ekas Bay in Lombok Island presented a stock of brown macroalgae which varied with season and species: for Padina the biomass reached 97.85±12.63 and 79.54±2.53tons in May/June and November respectively; for Sargassaceae species, it reached 669...
February 5, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421664/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-paediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-a-paediatric-sub-study-of-the-pan-asian-resuscitation-outcomes-study-paros
#20
Lai Peng Tham, Win Wah, Rachel Phillips, Nur Shahidah, Yih Yng Ng, Sang Do Shin, Tatsuya Nishiuchi, Kwanhathai Darin Wong, Patrick Chow-In Ko, Nalinas Khunklai, Ghulam Yasin Naroo, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
BACKGROUND: The Pan Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study (PAROS) is a retrospective study of out- of-hospital cardiac arrest(OHCA), collaborating with EMS agencies and academic centers in Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and UAE-Dubai. The objectives of this study is to describe the characteristics and outcomes, and to find factors associated with survival after paediatric OHCA. METHODS: We studied all children less than 17 years of age with OHCA conveyed by EMS and non-EMS transports from January 2009 to December 2012...
February 5, 2018: Resuscitation
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