keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

miR-34a

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534990/tumor-suppressor-microrna-34a-inhibits-cell-migration-and-invasion-by-targeting-mmp-2-mmp-9-fndc3b-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Lan Yang, Xiaoyue Song, Jianbo Zhu, Mei Li, Yu Ji, Fei Wu, Yunzhao Chen, Xiaobin Cui, Jianming Hu, Lianghai Wang, Yuwen Cao, Yutao Wei, Wenjie Zhang, Feng Li
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a large family of small, non-coding RNAs that play a pivotal role in tumorigenesis. miR‑34a, which is a member of the miR-34 family, is a downstream target of p53. Increasing evidence shows that miR-34a dysregulation may contribute to tumor development and progression in numerous cancers, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, the mechanism of miR-34a in the regulation of ESCC cells need to be further elucidated because of the complex regulative network of miRNAs...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533191/mir-34a-knockout-attenuates-cognitive-deficits-in-app-ps1-mice-through-inhibition-of-the-amyloidogenic-processing-of-app
#2
Chongdong Jian, Mengru Lu, Zhao Zhang, Long Liu, Xianfeng Li, Fang Huang, Ning Xu, Lina Qin, Qian Zhang, Donghua Zou
The noncoding miRNA-34a (miR-34a) is involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathologenesis and shows potential for application as a biomarker for early diagnosis and intervention. Here, we established miR-34a knockout mice in an APP/PS1 background (APP/PS1-miR-34a KO mice) by crossbreeding miR-34a(-/-) mice with APP/PS1 mice. We then investigated cognitive impairment and related pathologies. The results showed that the level of miR-34a was increased at about 6months in APP/PS1 mice, consistent with the increase in amyloid β (Aβ), and cognitive function was significantly improved in mice when miR-34a was knocked out in 9-month-old and 12-month-old mice, indicating that miR-34a is a potential candidate for determining the progression of AD...
May 19, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514495/protective-effects-of-dioscin-against-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-via-regulating-mir-34a-sirt1-signal-pathway
#3
Yimeng Zhang, Xufeng Tao, Lianhong Yin, Lina Xu, Youwei Xu, Yan Qi, Xu Han, Shasha Song, Yanyan Zhao, Yuan Lin, Kexin Liu, Jinyong Peng
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dioscin has various pharmacological actions in our previous works, however, little is known concerning the role of it on cisplatin (CDDP)-induced nephrotoxicity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of dioscin against CDDP-induced nephrotoxicity. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: In the present study, the in vivo models of CDDP-induced nephrotoxicity in rats and mice were used, and the in vitro models on NRK-52E and HK-2 cells were developed...
May 17, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512015/the-association-between-mir-34-dysregulation-and-distant-metastases-formation-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#4
Iben Daugaard, Alice Knudsen, Tina E Kjeldsen, Henrik Hager, Lise Lotte Hansen
Lung cancer has the highest mortality rate amongst human cancers and the majority of deaths can be attributed to metastatic spread. The miR-34 family includes three tumor suppressive miRs: miR-34a, miR-34b and miR-34c. miR-34 downregulation is a frequent observation in human malignancies and is often attributed to hypermethylation of the miR-34a and miR-34b/c promoters. Here, the potential association between aberrant miR-34 expression and promoter methylation and distant metastases formation in lung adenocarcinoma (LAC) is investigated...
May 13, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511876/chondroitin-sulfate-functionalized-polyamidoamine-as-a-tumor-targeted-carrier-for-mir-34a-delivery
#5
Wenqi Chen, Yong Liu, Xiao Liang, Yu Huang, Quanshun Li
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) was modified on a polyamidoamine dendrimer (PAMAM) through Michael addition to construct a tumor-targeted carrier CS-PAMAM for miR-34a delivery. The derivative CS-PAMAM was demonstrated to achieve an efficient cellular uptake of miR-34a in a CD44-dependent endocytosis way and further facilitate the endosomal escape of miR-34a after 4 h. Through the miR-34a delivery, obvious inhibition of cell proliferation could be detected which was attributed to the enhancement of cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, and meanwhile the cell migration and invasion has been observed to be inhibited...
May 13, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507795/digital-analysis-and-epigenetic-regulation-of-the-signature-of-rejection-in-colorectal-cancer
#6
Viktor H Koelzer, Lena Sokol, Stefan Zahnd, Lucine Christe, Heather Dawson, Martin D Berger, Daniel Inderbitzin, Inti Zlobec, Alessandro Lugli
The immune system plays a pivotal role in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). Tumor immune rejection has been previously linked to the activation of the interferon-stimulated genes (ISG) STAT1, IRF-5 and IRF-1. Specific immunoregulatory microRNAs (miRNAs) may impact the expression of these ISG in the tumor microenvironment. In this translational study, we develop a digital image analysis protocol to identify the ISG-gene expression signature and investigate miRNA expression in the immediate environment of invading cancer cells...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498458/chloroform-fraction-of-scutellaria-barbata-d-%C3%A2-don-inhibits-the-growth-of-colorectal-cancer-cells-by-activating-mir%C3%A2-34a
#7
Ling Zhang, Yi Fang, Jian-Yu Feng, Qiao-Yan Cai, Li-Hui Wei, Shan Lin, Jun Peng
Scutellaria barbata D. Don (SB) is a well known formula in traditional Chinese medicine, which exhibits potent anticancer effects on various cancers. Many miRNAs play crucial roles in the regulation of cancer, for instance, miR‑34a functions as a tumor suppressor, and is often downregulated during cancer. In this study, we investigated the role of ECSB in suppressing the growth of human colon cancer HCT‑8 cells, and whether this is mediated by regulation of miR‑34a and its downstream target genes, using real-time PCR and western blot analysis...
May 4, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495058/mirna-profiling-of-primary-lung-and-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinomas-addressing-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#8
Juan A Muñoz-Largacha, Adam C Gower, Praveen Sridhar, Anita Deshpande, Carl J O'Hara, Emiko Yamada, Tony E Godfrey, Hiran C Fernando, Virginia R Litle
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether microRNA (miRNA) profiling of primary lung and head and neck squamous cell carcinomas could be useful to identify a specific miRNA signature that can be used to further discriminate between primary lung squamous carcinomas and metastatic lesions in patients with a history of head and neck squamous cell cancer. METHODS: Specimens of resected primary head and neck and lung squamous cell carcinomas were obtained from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded blocks...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485501/mir-34a-targets-hdac1-regulated-h3k9-acetylation-on-lipid-accumulation-induced-by-homocysteine-in-foam-cells
#9
Qingguo Zhao, Shuqiang Li, Nan Li, Xiaoling Yang, Shengchao Ma, Anning Yang, Hui Zhang, Songhao Yang, Caiyan Mao, Lingbo Xu, Tingting Gao, Xiaoming Yang, Huiping Zhang, Yideng Jiang
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) promotes atherogenesis by modification of histone acetylation patterns and regulation of miRNA expression while the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well known. In this study, we investigated the effects of homocysteine (Hcy) on the expression of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and tested our hypothesis that Hcy-induced atherosclerosis is mediated by increased HDAC1 expression, which is regulated by miR-34a. The expression of HDAC1 increased and acetylation of histone H3 at lysine 9 (H3K9ac) decreased in the aorta of ApoE(-/-) mice fed with high methionine diet, whereas miR-34a expression was inhibited...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485160/mir-34a-suppresses-hnscc-growth-through-modulating-cell-cycle-arrest-and-senescence
#10
Y Wang, J Chen, X Chen, F Jiang, Y Sun, Y Pan, W Zhang, J Zhang
MiR-34a acts as a tumor suppressor in various malignancies. In HNSCC, the role of miR-34a in proliferation has not been fully elaborated and the target genes are still bind. Here, we addressed that forced miR-34a expression induced cell cycle arrest and senescence. Hypoxia/HIF1α was found to negatively correlate to the expression of miR-34a in HNSCC tissues and partially reverse miR-34a-imposed cell senescence through suppressing miR-34a expression. In order to screen the possible target genes of miR-34a in HNSCC, the differential genes mediated by miR-34a were screened by mRNA microarray...
May 9, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483946/p53-maintains-baseline-expression-of-multiple-tumor-suppressor-genes
#11
Kyrie Pappas, Jia Xu, Sakellarios Zairis, Lois Resnick-Silverman, Francesco Abate, Nicole Steinbach, Sait Ozturk, Lao H Saal, Tao Su, Pamela Cheung, Hank Schmidt, Stuart A Aaronson, Hanina Hibshoosh, James J Manfredi, Raul Rabadan, Ramon Parsons
TP53 is the most commonly mutated tumor suppressor gene and its mutation drives tumorigenesis. Using ChIP-seq for p53 in the absence of acute cell stress, we found that wild-type but not mutant p53 binds and activates numerous tumor suppressor genes including PTEN, STK11(LKB1), miR-34a, KDM6A(UTX), FOXO1, PHLDA3, and TNFRSF10B through consensus binding sites in enhancers and promoters. Depletion of p53 reduced expression of these target genes, and analysis across 18 tumor types showed that mutation of TP53 associated with reduced expression of many of these genes...
May 8, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469782/heterogeneous-nuclear-ribonucleoprotein-a1-interacts-with-microrna-34a-to-promote-chondrogenic-differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#12
Xianglong Meng, Jiawen Cui, Yunsheng Wang, Xinuo Zhang, Dongyue Li, Yong Hai, Hongwu Du
The mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) shows potential in degenerative disc disease (DDD) treatment. However, little is known about the function of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNPA1) in modulating the chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs. This study aimed to investigate the role of hnRNPA1 in the chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs and potential mechanisms. Mouse MSCs C3H10 and chondrogenic ATDC5 cells were used to quantify hnRNPA1 expression. The hnRNPA1 overexpression vectors were transfected into C3H10 cells, cell viability and chondrogenic factors expressions were assessed by MTT assay, qPCR and Western blot, respectively...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454497/microrna-34a-alleviates-steroid-induced-avascular-necrosis-of-femoral-head-by-targeting-tgif2-through-opg-rank-rankl-signaling-pathway
#13
Wu-Xun Peng, Chuan Ye, Wen-Tao Dong, Lei-Luo Yang, Chun-Qing Wang, Ze-An Wei, Jian-Hua Wu, Qing Li, Jin Deng, Jian Zhang
The study aims to investigate the effect of microRNA-34a (miR-34a) targeting Tgif2 on steroid-induced avascular necrosis of femoral head (SANFH) by regulating OPG/RANK/RANKL signaling pathway. SD rats were divided into normal control and model (RNAKL rat models) groups. The model group was further assigned into model control, negative control, miR-34a mimics and miR-34a inhibitors groups. QRT-PCR was applied to detect miR-34a, Tgif2, OPG, RANK and RNAKL mRNA expressions. Femoral head tissues were collected for Micro-CT scanning and HE staining...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446292/-relation-of-mir-34a-expression-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-with-clinical-prognosis
#14
Yi-Ping Liu, Hong Hu, Fang Xu, Jing-Jing Wen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of miR-34a in serum of DLBCL patients, and to analyze its correlation with the expression of BCL-2 protein and clinical prognosis. METHODS: The clinical data of 65 DLBCL patients and 22 cases of lymphonode reactive hyperplasia (RH) were collected, the serum expressions of miR-34a and BCL-2 were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, and the relationship of miR-34a and BCL-2 expression with clinical pathological features and prognosis was analyzed...
April 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428276/micellar-delivery-of-mir-34a-modulator-rubone-and-paclitaxel-in-resistant-prostate-cancer
#15
Di Wen, Yang Peng, Feng Lin, Rakesh K Singh, Ram I Mahato
Treatment of prostate cancer with paclitaxel (PTX) often fails due to development of chemoresistance caused by downregulation of the tumor suppressor gene miR-34a. In this study, we demonstrate that co-delivery of PTX and 2'-hydroxy-2,4,4',5,6'-pentamethoxychalcone (termed rubone) drives upregulation of miR-34a and chemosensitizes PTX-resistant prostate cancer cells, killing both cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) and bulk tumor cells. Rubone upregulated miR-34a and reversed its downstream target genes in DU145-TXR and PC3-TXR cells...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427524/kallistatin-suppresses-cancer-development-by-multi-factorial-actions
#16
REVIEW
Julie Chao, Pengfei Li, Lee Chao
Kallistatin was first identified in human plasma as a tissue kallikrein-binding protein and a serine proteinase inhibitor. Kallistatin via its two structural elements regulates differential signaling cascades, and thus a wide spectrum of biological functions. Kallistatin's active site is essential for: inhibiting tissue kallikrein's activity; stimulating endothelial nitric oxide synthase and sirtuin 1 expression and activation; and modulating the synthesis of the microRNAs, miR-34a, miR-21 and miR-203. Kallistatin's heparin-binding site is crucial for antagonizing the signaling pathways of vascular endothelial growth factor, tumor necrosis factor-α, Wnt, transforming growth factor-β and epidermal growth factor...
May 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424619/retinal-and-circulating-mirnas-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-an-in-vivo-animal-and-human-study
#17
Giovanni L Romano, Chiara B M Platania, Filippo Drago, Salvatore Salomone, Marco Ragusa, Cristina Barbagallo, Cinzia Di Pietro, Michele Purrello, Michele Reibaldi, Teresio Avitabile, Antonio Longo, Claudio Bucolo
Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness among people aged 50 and over. Retinal deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) aggregates in AMD patients has suggested a potential link between AMD and Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have evaluated the differential retinal expression profile of miRNAs in a rat model of AMD elicited by Aβ. A serum profile of miRNAs in AMD patients has been also assessed using single TaqMan assay. Analysis of retina from rats intravitreally injected with Aβ revealed that miR-27a, miR-146a, and miR-155 were up-regulated in comparison to control rats...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423566/the-diagnostic-role-of-microrna-34a-in-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Saber Imani, Xianqin Zhang, Hossein Hosseinifard, Shangyi Fu, Junjiang Fu
BACKGROUND: MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) is a master regulator of tumor suppression in breast cancer (BC). This systematic review aims to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of miR-34a in the detection of BC as a biomarker. RESULTS: A total of 1858 BC cases and 494 controls from thirteen eligible studies reported in 9 publications were included. The overall pooled sensitivity, specificity, negative likelihood ratio (NLR), positive likelihood ratio (PLR), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) were 85...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423483/microrna-34a-targets-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-inducing-transcription-factors-emt-tfs-and-inhibits-breast-cancer-cell-migration-and-invasion
#19
Saber Imani, Chunli Wei, Jingliang Cheng, Md Asaduzzaman Khan, Shangyi Fu, Luquan Yang, Mousumi Tania, Xianqin Zhang, Xiuli Xiao, Xianning Zhang, Junjiang Fu
MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) plays an essential role against tumorigenesis and progression of cancer metastasis. Here, we analyzed the expression, targets and functional effects of miR-34a on epithelial to mesenchymal transition-inducing transcription factors (EMT-TFs), such as TWIST1, SLUG and ZEB1/2, and an EMT-inducing protein NOTCH1 in breast cancer (BC) cell migration and invasion and its correlation with tumorigenesis and clinical outcomes. Expression of miR-34a is downregulated in human metastatic breast cancers (MBC) compared to normal breast tissues and is negatively correlated with clinicopathological features of MBC patients...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415566/co-targeting-of-dna-rna-and-protein-molecules-provides-optimal-outcomes-for-treating-osteosarcoma-and-pulmonary-metastasis-in-spontaneous-and-experimental-metastasis-mouse-models
#20
Chao Jian, Mei-Juan Tu, Pui Yan Ho, Zhijian Duan, Qianyu Zhang, Jing-Xin Qiu, Ralph W DeVere White, Theodore Wun, Primo N Lara, Kit S Lam, Ai-Xi Yu, Ai-Ming Yu
Metastasis is a major cause of mortality for cancer patients and remains as the greatest challenge in cancer therapy. Driven by multiple factors, metastasis may not be controlled by the inhibition of single target. This study was aimed at assessing the hypothesis that drugs could be rationally combined to co-target critical DNA, RNA and protein molecules to achieve "saturation attack" against metastasis. Independent actions of the model drugs DNA-intercalating doxorubicin, RNA-interfering miR-34a and protein-inhibiting sorafenib on DNA replication, RNA translation and protein kinase signaling in highly metastatic, human osteosarcoma 143B cells were demonstrated by the increase of γH2A...
May 9, 2017: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
52343
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"