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Xiu Chen, Peng Lu, Dan-Dan Wang, Su-Jin Yang, Ying Wu, Hong-Yu Shen, Shan-Liang Zhong, Jian-Hua Zhao, Jin-Hai Tang
PURPOSE: Chemoresistance mediated by miRNAs in breast cancer have been already validated by previous studies in vitro, while little is known concerning the expression of them in vivo. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of miR-222, miR-29a, miR-34a, miR-130a, miR-90b, miR-200b, miR-452, miR-197, miR-138, miR-210, miR-423, miR-4298, miR-4644, miR-139, miR-1246, miR-1268a, miR-140, miR-149, miR-3178, miR-3613, miR-4258, miR-574, miR-671, miR-6780b, miR-7107, miR-744 and miR-7847 linked to drug resistance in breast cancer formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues and the association of prognosis with miRNAs, thus providing effective targets in chemotherapy, as well as potential biomarkers for guiding effective treatments of breast cancer...
October 13, 2016: Gene
Maryam Kaviani, Negar Azarpira, Mohammad Hossein Karimi, Ismail Al-Abdullah
Cell-based therapies suggest novel treatments to overcome the complication of the current therapeutic approaches in diabetes mellitus type 1. Replacement of the destroyed pancreatic islet β-cells by appropriate alternative cells needs an efficient approach to differentiate the cells into viable and functional insulin producing cells. Small non-coding RNA molecules, MicroRNAs (miRNA), have critical roles in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Therefore, they can direct the cells toward β-cell like cells and control islet β-cell development...
October 15, 2016: Cell Biology International
Agata A Filip, Anna Grenda, Sylwia Popek, Dorota Koczkodaj, Małgorzata Michalak-Wojnowska, Michał Budzyński, Ewa Wąsik-Szczepanek, Szymon Zmorzyński, Agnieszka Karczmarczyk, Krzysztof Giannopoulos
Expression of microRNAs is altered in cancer. Circulating miRNA level assessed in body fluids commonly reflects their expression in tumor cells. In leukemias, however, both leukemic and nonleukemic cells compose circulating miRNA expression profile of peripheral blood. The latter contribution to extracellular miRNA pool may result in specific microenvironmental signaling, which promotes proliferation and survival. In our study, we used qT-PCR to assay peripheral blood serum of 22 chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients for the expression of 84 miRNAs associated with activation and differentiation of B and T lymphocytes...
October 12, 2016: Annals of Hematology
Tsang-Chih Kuo, Chi-Kuan Chen, Kuo-Ti Hua, Pei Yu, Wei-Jiunn Lee, Min-Wei Chen, Yung-Ming Jeng, Ming-Hsien Chien, Kuang-Tai Kuo, Michael Hsiao, Min-Liang Kuo
Glutaminolysis that catabolizes glutamine to glutamate plays a critical role in cancer progression. Glutaminase 2 (GLS2) has been reported as a tumor suppressor. Recent studies implied that GLS2 may display its multifunction besides classical metabolic feature by different localizations and potential protein binding domains. Here, we showed that GLS2 expression correlates inversely with stage, vascular invasion, tumor size and poor prognosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues. We found that GLS2 significantly represses cell migration, invasion and metastasis of HCC through downregulation of Snail in vitro and in vivo...
October 7, 2016: Cancer Letters
Sreetama Choudhury, Sayan Ghosh, Sudeshna Mukherjee, Payal Gupta, Saurav Bhattacharya, Arghya Adhikary, Sreya Chattopadhyay
Molecular mechanisms involved in arsenic-induced toxicity are complex and elusive. Liver is one of the most favored organs for arsenic toxicity as methylation of arsenic occurs mostly in the liver. In this study, we have selected a range of environmentally relevant doses of arsenic to examine the basis of arsenic toxicity and the role of pomegranate fruit extract (PFE) in combating it. Male Swiss albino mice exposed to different doses of arsenic presented marked hepatic injury as evident from histological and electron microscopic studies...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Lin-Hai Yan, Zhi-Ning Chen, Li Li, Jia Chen, Xian-Wei Mo, Yu-Zhou Qin, Wen-E Wei, Hai-Quan Qin, Yuan Lin, Jian-Si Chen
Activation of the transcription factor E2F-1 gene is a negative event in dendritic cell (DC) maturation process. Down-regulation of E2F1 causes immaturity of DC thereby stopping antigen production which in turn leads to inhibition of immune responses. E2F-1-free stimulates the NF-kB signaling pathway, leading to activation of monocytes and several other transcription factor genes. In the study, we report that down-regulation of E2F-1 in DCs promote anti-tumor immune response in gastric cancer (GC) cells through a novel mechanism...
October 4, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Elena Piegari, Rosa Russo, Donato Cappetta, Grazia Esposito, Konrad Urbanek, Carmela Dell'Aversana, Lucia Altucci, Liberato Berrino, Francesco Rossi, Antonella De Angelis
New strategies to prevent and early detect the cardiotoxic effects of the anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOXO) are required. MicroRNAs emerged as potential diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic approaches in cardiovascular diseases. MiR-34a has a role in cardiac dysfunction and ageing and is involved in several cellular processes associated with DOXO cardiotoxicity. Our in vitro and in vivo results indicated that after DOXO exposure the levels of miR-34a are enhanced in cardiac cells, including Cardiac Progenitor Cells (CPCs)...
September 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Nicholas Latchana, Kelly Regan, John Harrison Howard, Jennifer H Aldrink, Mark A Ranalli, Sara B Peters, Xiaoli Zhang, Alejandro Gru, Philip R O Payne, Lorena P Suarez-Kelly, William E Carson
BACKGROUND: Melanoma skin cancer remains the leading cause of skin cancer-related deaths. Spitz lesions represent a subset of melanocytic skin lesions characterized by epithelioid or spindled melanocytes organized in nests. These lesions occupy a spectrum ranging from benign Spitz and atypical Spitz lesions all the way to malignant Spitz tumors. Appropriate management is reliant on accurate diagnostic classification, yet this effort remains challenging using current light microscopic techniques...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Dariusz Zurawek, Maciej Kusmider, Agata Faron-Gorecka, Piotr Gruca, Paulina Pabian, Joanna Solich, Magdalena Kolasa, Mariusz Papp, Marta Dziedzicka-Wasylewska
Prolonged stress perturbs physiological balance of a subject and thus can lead to depression. Nevertheless, some individuals are more resilient to stress than the others. Defining molecular factors underlying resilience to stress may contribute to the development of a new antidepressant strategy based on the restoration of resilient phenotype in depressed subjects. We used chronic mild stress (CMS) paradigm-well-characterized animal model of depression which caused in rats behavioral deficits (anhedonia) manifested by decreased consumption of sucrose solution...
September 22, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Lihua Wang, Pengcheng Bu, Xiling Shen
miR-34a-mediated asymmetric cell division reins in excessive stem cell expansion during tissue regeneration in the intestine and colon. Loss of miR-34a switches asymmetric division to symmetric division and enhances stem cell proliferation. Asymmetric division also occurs in the early stages of colon cancer stem cells. Mechanistically, miR-34a, Numb, and Notch form a feed-forward loop that specifies cell fate when stem cells divide.
July 2016: Molecular & Cellular Oncology
Xiaofeng Wang, Chang Wang, Xiaowei Zhang, Ruixi Hua, Lu Gan, Mingzhu Huang, Liqin Zhao, Sujie Ni, Weijian Guo
BACKGROUND: B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (Bmi-1) plays an important role in regulating stemness in some kinds of cancer. However, the mechanisms remain unclear. This study was to investigate whether and how Bmi-1 regulates stemness of gastric cancer. METHODS: We firstly explored the role of Bmi-1 in regulating stem cell-like features in gastric cancer. Secondly, we screened out its downstream miRNAs and clarified whether these miRNAs are involved in the regulation of stemness...
2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Supriya R Kulkarni, Carol J Soroka, Lee R Hagey, James L Boyer
Sirtuin1 (Sirt1, mammalian homolog of S. Cerevisiae enzyme Sir2) is a transcriptional and transactivational regulator of murine Fxr, which is the primary bile acid (BA) sensor, and critical regulator of BA metabolism in physiological and pathophysiological conditions. Previous studies have suggested compromised Sirt1 expression in rodent models of cholestatic liver injury. We hypothesized that Sirt1 could be potentially targeted to alleviate cholestatic liver injury. In cultured primary human hepatocytes, SIRT1 mRNA was downregulated after GCA treatment, potentially via induction of miR-34a, whereas TUDCA induced SIRT1 expression without affecting miR-34a expression...
September 17, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Huachun Cui, Jing Ge, Na Xie, Sami Banerjee, Yong Zhou, Veena B Antony, Victor J Thannickal, Gang Liu
Cellular senescence has been implicated in diverse pathologies. However, there has been conflicting evidence on the role of this process in tissue fibrosis. While dysregulation of miRNAs is a key mechanism in the pathogenesis of lung fibrosis, it is unclear whether they function by regulating cellular senescence in the disease. In this study, we found that miR-34a demonstrated greater expression in lungs of patients with IPF and mice with experimental pulmonary fibrosis, with its primary localization in lung fibroblasts...
September 16, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Marta Cosín-Tomás, Anna Antonell, Albert Lladó, Daniel Alcolea, Juan Fortea, Mario Ezquerra, Albert Lleó, Maria José Martí, Mercè Pallàs, Raquel Sanchez-Valle, José Luís Molinuevo, Coral Sanfeliu, Perla Kaliman
Plasma microRNAs (miRNAs) have been proposed as potential biomarkers in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we explored their use as early sensors of the preclinical phase of the disease, when brain pathology is being developed and no cognitive loss is detected. For this purpose, we analyzed a set of ten mature plasma miRNAs in symptomatic patients with AD from a cohort that also included healthy controls (HC) and patients with preclinical Alzheimer's disease (PAD) (cohort 1). Plasmas from subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD) were used to control for disease specificity...
September 8, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Jing Dong, Ying-Zhi Liang, Jie Zhang, Li-Juan Wu, Shuo Wang, Qi Hua, Yu-Xiang Yan
AIM: To explore the relationship between lipometabolism-related microRNAs (miRNAs) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: In the present study, 161 stable CAD patients and 149 health controls were enrolled. The expression levels of seven miRNAs (miR-21, miR-24, miR-29a, miR-33a, miR-34a, miR-103a, and miR-122) in PBMCs were qualified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The miRNA markers that showed significant difference between the two groups were used for further analysis...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
E Papadavid, M Braoudaki, M Bourdakou, A Lykoudi, V Nikolaou, G Tounta, A Ekonomidi, E Athanasiadis, G Spyrou, C Antoniou, S Kitsiou-Tzeli, D Rigopoulos, A Kolialexi
Herein, miRNA candidates relevant to mycosis fungoides were investigated to provide data on the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of the disease. The miRNA expression profile of skin biopsies from patients with tumor stage MF (tMF) and normal donors was compared using miRNA microarrays. Overall, 154 miRNAs were found differentially expressed between tMF and the control cohort with the majority of them being up-regulated (57 %). Among the upregulated miRNAs, miR-3177, miR-514b-3p, miR-1267, and miR-1282 were exclusively detected in 70 % of tMF...
September 13, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Nozomu Yanaihara, Yukiko Noguchi, Misato Saito, Masataka Takenaka, Satoshi Takakura, Kyosuke Yamada, Aikou Okamoto
Previous studies have identified microRNA (miRNA) involvement in human cancers. This study aimed to elucidate potential clinical and biological associations of ovarian cancer-related miRNA gene expression profiles in high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) and ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC). Accordingly, we investigated 27 patients with ovarian cancer (12 HGSC and 15 OCCC cases) using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction to determine the cancer-related miRNA expressions. Gene Cluster 3...
2016: PloS One
Niannian Fan, Jiantao Wang
OBJECTIVE: Influenza A virus is a cytolytic virus that induces apoptosis in numerous cell types. However, molecular mechanism of cell apoptosis induced by influenza A virus is not well understood. The present study was aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of miR-34a involved in influenza A virus induced apoptosis. METHODS: Firstly, microRNA array was used to select miRNAs involved in influenza A virus infection. Then, Luciferase reporter assay and western blot were carried to determine the target gene of miR-34a...
September 6, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Liang Liang, Rivka C Stone, Olivera Stojadinovic, Horacio Ramirez, Irena Pastar, Anna G Maione, Avi Smith, Vanessa Yanez, Aristides Veves, Robert S Kirsner, Jonathan A Garlick, Marjana Tomic-Canic
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are one of the major complications of diabetes. Its molecular pathology remains poorly understood, impeding the development of effective treatments. Although it has been established that multiple cell types, including fibroblasts, keratinocytes, macrophages, and endothelial cells, all contribute to inhibition of healing, less is known regarding contributions of individual cell type. Thus, we generated primary fibroblasts from nonhealing DFUs and evaluated their cellular and molecular properties in comparison to nondiabetic foot fibroblasts (NFFs)...
September 8, 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Peixin Dong, Ying Xiong, Hidemichi Watari, Sharon J B Hanley, Yosuke Konno, Kei Ihira, Takahiro Yamada, Masataka Kudo, Junming Yue, Noriaki Sakuragi
BACKGROUND: In ovarian cancer (OC) cells, Snail was reported to induce the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is a critical step in OC metastasis. At present little is known about controlling Snail expression in OC cells by using specific microRNAs (miRNAs). METHODS: We first used a computational target prediction analysis to identify 6 candidate miRNAs that bind to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) region of the Snail mRNA. Among these miRNAs, two miRNAs (miR-137 and miR-34a) with a potential to regulate Snail were validated by quantitative real-time PCR, Western blot analysis, and Snail 3'-UTR reporter assays...
2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
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