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miR-34a

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340489/mir-34a-3p-alters-proliferation-and-apoptosis-of-meningioma-cells-in-vitro-and-is-directly-targeting-smad4-frat1-and-bcl2
#1
Tamara V Werner, Martin Hart, Ruth Nickels, Yoo-Jin Kim, Michael D Menger, Rainer M Bohle, Andreas Keller, Nicole Ludwig, Eckart Meese
Micro (mi)RNAs are short, noncoding RNAs and deregulation of miRNAs and their targets are implicated in tumor generation and progression in many cancers. Meningiomas are mostly benign, slow growing tumors of the central nervous system with a small percentage showing a malignant phenotype.Following in silico prediction of potential targets of miR-34a-3p, SMAD4, FRAT1, and BCL2 have been confirmed as targets by dual luciferase assays with co-expression of miR-34a-3p and reporter gene constructs containing the respective 3'UTRs...
March 23, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336290/serum-microrna-expression-profiling-potential-diagnostic-implications-of-a-panel-of-serum-micrornas-for-clear-cell-rcc
#2
Siddharth Yadav, Madhuram Khandelwal, Amlesh Seth, Ashish K Saini, Prem N Dogra, Alpana Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To study the expression profiles of 5 microRNAs in tissue and serum of patients with clear cell RCC (ccRCC) and evaluate their diagnostic and prognostic potential. MATERIAL & METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 30 patients of histologically proven ccRCC and collected 3 ml of serum pre-operatively and small pieces of tumor and adjacent non-tumor renal tissue intra-operatively. Control serum samples were obtained from 15 patients of non renal benign diseases...
March 20, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334277/in-bone-metastasis-mir-34a-5p-absence-inversely-correlates-with-met-expression-while-met-oncogene-is-unaffected-by-mir-34a-5p-in-non-metastatic-and-metastatic-breast-carcinomas
#3
Paola Maroni, Rossella Puglisi, Gianfranco Mattia, Alessandra Carè, Emanuela Matteucci, Paola Bendinelli, Maria Alfonsina Desiderio
The highlight of the molecular basis and therapeutic targets of the bone-metastatic process requires the identification of biomarkers of metastasis colonization. Here, we studied miR-34a-5p expression, and Met-receptor expression and localization in bone metastases from ductal breast carcinomas, and in ductal carcinomas without history of metastasis (20 cases). miR-34a-5p was elevated in non-metastatic breast carcinoma, intermediate in the adjacent tissue and practically absent in bone metastases, opposite to pair-matched carcinoma...
March 16, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329687/impact-of-dietary-interventions-on-noncoding-rna-networks-and-mrnas-encoding-chromatin-related-factors
#4
Christopher D Green, Yi Huang, Xiaoyang Dou, Liu Yang, Yong Liu, Jing-Dong J Han
Dietary interventions dramatically affect metabolic disease and lifespan in various aging models. Here, we profiled liver microRNA (miRNA), coding, and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression by high-throughput deep sequencing in mice across multiple energy intake and expenditure interventions. Strikingly, three dietary intervention network design patterns were uncovered: (1) lifespan-extending interventions largely repressed the expression of miRNAs, lncRNAs, and transposable elements; (2) protein-coding mRNAs with expression positively correlated with long lifespan are highly targeted by miRNAs; and (3) miRNA-targeting interactions mainly target chromatin-related functions...
March 21, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328045/micrornas-downregulated-following-immune-activation-of-rat%C3%A2-testis
#5
Mitchell I Parker, Michael A Palladino
PROBLEM: Little is known about how infection and the response to inflammation affect the microRNA (miRNA) profile of the male reproductive tract. We hypothesized that expression of inflammatory-related miRNAs would be altered following immune activation of rat testis. METHOD OF STUDY: Testis total RNA was purified from Sprague-Dawley rats 3 or 6 hours after receiving a 5 mg/kg intraperitoneal injection of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and examined by qPCR using an 84-panel miRNA array...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327152/trim8-restores-p53-tumour-suppressor-function-by-blunting-n-myc-activity-in-chemo-resistant-tumours
#6
Francesca Mastropasqua, Flaviana Marzano, Alessio Valletti, Italia Aiello, Giuseppe Di Tullio, Annalisa Morgano, Sabino Liuni, Elena Ranieri, Luisa Guerrini, Giuseppe Gasparre, Elisabetta Sbisà, Graziano Pesole, Antonio Moschetta, Mariano Francesco Caratozzolo, Apollonia Tullo
BACKGROUND: TRIM8 plays a key role in controlling the p53 molecular switch that sustains the transcriptional activation of cell cycle arrest genes and response to chemotherapeutic drugs. The mechanisms that regulate TRIM8, especially in cancers like clear cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (ccRCC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) where it is low expressed, are still unknown. However, recent studies suggest the potential involvement of some microRNAs belonging to miR-17-92 and its paralogous clusters, which could include TRIM8 in a more complex pathway...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321785/microrna-34a-suppresses-autophagy-in-alveolar-type-ii-epithelial-cells-in-acute-lung-injury-by-inhibiting-foxo3-expression
#7
Lan Song, Fangliang Zhou, Lijuan Cheng, Mei Hu, Yingchun He, Bo Zhang, Duanfang Liao, Zhaojun Xu
Excessive autophagic activity of alveolar type II epithelial (AT-II) cells is one of the main causes of acute lung injury (ALI); however, the underlying molecular mechanism remains to be determined. The microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved with autophagy in many diseases. The objective of this study was therefore to investigate the relationship between the miRNA expression and the autophagic activity of the AT-II cells in the pathogenesis of ALI and its molecular mechanism. A mouse model of ALI and AT-II cell injury was induced using lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vivo and in vitro, and the expression of miR-34a and the autophagy-related proteins LC3 II/I and p62 were determined...
March 21, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302704/swimming-attenuates-d-galactose-induced-brain-aging-via-suppressing-mir-34a-mediated-autophagy-impairment-and-abnormal-mitochondrial-dynamics
#8
Xianjuan Kou, Jie Li, Xingran Liu, Jingru Chang, Qingxia Zhao, Shaohui Jia, Jingjing Fan, Ning Chen
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to be involved in many neurodegenerative diseases. In order to explore the regulatory role of miR-34a in aging-related diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) during exercise intervention, we constructed a rat model with (D-galactose) D-gal-induced oxidative stress and cognitive impairment coupled with dysfunctional autophagy and abnormal mitochondrial dynamics, determined the mitigation of cognitive impairment of D-gal-induced aging rats during swimming intervention, and evaluated miR-34a-mediated functional status of autophagy and abnormal mitochondrial dynamics...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293146/rs35301225-polymorphism-in-mir-34a-promotes-development-of-human-colon-cancer-by-deregulation-of-3-utr-in-e2f1-in-chinese-population
#9
Haiqiang Jiang, Fengyuan Ge, Beina Hu, Lamei Wu, Huijian Yang, Huiyun Wang
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have revealed that down-regulation of miR-34a expression can promote colorectal cancer (CRC) cell growth by targeting cell cycle-related transcriptional factor E2F1. To date, the function of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the mature region of miR-34a has not been investigated. METHODS: We performed a case-control study including 685 CRC patients and 618 cancer-free controls. Genotyping, real-time PCR assay, cell transfection, and the dual luciferase reporter assay were used in our study...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292468/microrna-34a-targets-regulator-of-calcineurin-1-to-modulate-endothelial-inflammation-after-fetal-cardiac-bypass-in-goat-placenta
#10
Hai-Yun Yuan, Cheng-Bin Zhou, Ji-Mei Chen, Xiao-Bing Liu, Shu-Sheng Wen, Gang Xu, Jian Zhuang
INTRODUCTION: Placental dysfunction characterized by vascular endothelial inflammation is one of the most notable responses to fetal cardiac bypass. Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) is an important regulator of inflammatory responses. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are essential post-transcriptional modulators of gene expression, and miRNA-34a (miR-34a) was showed to activate vascular endothelial inflammation. We hypothesized that miR-34a may be a key regulator of placental dysfunction after fetal cardiac bypass...
March 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286146/altered-gene-expression-in-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease-due-to-snps-within-3-utr-microrna-response-elements
#11
Jyoti Roy, Bibekanand Mallick
Late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) is a progressive and fatal neurodegenerative disease found in people older than 65years of age. Disease etiology is complex, as susceptibility has been linked to multiple gene variants conferred by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). However, the molecular mechanisms by which SNPs contribute to LOAD pathogenesis have not been extensively studied, particularly for SNPs within the 3' untranslated regions (3'UTRs), the hubs for microRNA binding. Therefore, we screened for SNPs within the 3'UTRs of LOAD-associated genes that may create or destroy microRNA response elements (MREs) and thus alter gene expression...
March 9, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281638/mir-34a-5p-promotes-multi-chemoresistance-of-osteosarcoma-through-down-regulation-of-the-dll1-gene
#12
Youguang Pu, Fangfang Zhao, Haiyan Wang, Shanbao Cai
MiR-34a-5p has been implicated in the tumorigenesis and progression of several types of cancer. However, the role of miR-34a-5p in osteosarcoma (OS) remains largely unknown. This study was performed in two multi-chemosensitive (G-292 and MG63.2) and two resistant (SJSA-1 and MNNG/HOS) OS cell lines. MiR-34a-5p promotes OS multi-chemoresistance via its repression of the Delta-like ligand 1 (DLL1) gene, the ligand of the Notch pathway, and thus negatively correlates with OS chemoresistance. The siRNA-mediated repression of the DLL1 gene suppressed cell apoptosis and de-sensitized G-292 and MG63...
March 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281537/moving-towards-totipotency-without-a-single-mir-acle
#13
Noam Maoz, Yosef Buganim
Totipotency is the ability of a single cell to form an entire embryo, including extra-embryonic tissues, an ability we have yet to recapitalize, in vitro. In a recent paper published in Science, Choi et al. showed that pluripotent stem cells lacking microRNA miR-34a, have an expanded cell fate potential allowing differentiation into not only embryonic but also extraembryonic lineages.
March 10, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275089/the-microtubule-network-and-cell-death-are-regulated-by-a-mir-34a-stathmin-1-betaiii-tubulin-axis
#14
Nancy S Vetter, E Anders Kolb, Valerie B Sampson, Christopher Mills
MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) is a master regulator of signaling networks that maintain normal physiology and disease and is currently in development as a miRNA-based therapy for cancer. Prior studies have reported low miR-34a expression in osteosarcoma (OS); however, the molecular mechanisms underlying miR-34a activity in OS are not well defined. Therefore, this study evaluated the role of miR-34a in regulating signal transduction pathways that influence cell death in OS. Levels of miR-34a were attenuated in human OS cells and xenografts of the Pediatric Preclinical Testing Consortium (PPTC)...
March 8, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273432/p53-and-mir-34a-feedback-promotes-lung-epithelial-injury-and-pulmonary-fibrosis
#15
Shwetha K Shetty, Nivedita Tiwari, Amarnath S Marudamuthu, Bijesh Puthusseri, Yashodhar P Bhandary, Jian Fu, Jeffrey Levin, Steven Idell, Sreerama Shetty
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and fatal interstitial lung disease. The pathogenesis of interstitial lung diseases, including its most common form, IPF, remains poorly understood. Alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) apoptosis, proliferation, and accumulation of myofibroblasts and extracellular matrix deposition results in progressive loss of lung function in IPF. We found induction of tumor suppressor protein, p53, and apoptosis with suppression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and the uPA receptor in AECs from the lungs of IPF patients, and in mice with bleomycin, cigarette smoke, silica, or sepsis-induced lung injury...
March 5, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263817/mir-34a-contributes-to-diabetes-related-cochlear-hair-cell-apoptosis-via-sirt1-hif-1%C3%AE-signaling
#16
Ying Lin, Jinjin Shen, Danfeng Li, Jie Ming, Xiangyang Liu, Nana Zhang, Jingbo Lai, Min Shi, Qiuhe Ji, Ying Xing
Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) has been considered to be associated with a higher likelihood of hearing impairment (HI). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the association between diabetes and HI are poorly understood. MicroRNAs have recently been demonstrated to be closely associated with hearing loss and considered as promising therapeutic targets. Herein, we investigated whether miR-34a contributes to diabetes-related cochlear hair cell apoptosis and sought to identify the underlying mechanism. The results showed that miR-34a was up-regulated in the cochleas of db/db mice, accompanied by significant hearing threshold elevation and hair cell loss...
March 2, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260055/mir-34a-is-downregulated-in-human-osteosarcoma-stem-like-cells-and-promotes-invasion-tumorigenic-ability-and-self-renewal-capacity
#17
Yonggen Zou, Yuanshuai Huang, Jiexiang Yang, Jian Wu, Cheng Luo
MicroRNA-34 (miR-34), in particular miR-34a, has a negative regulatory effect on osteosarcoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Notably, it is also a post‑transcriptional regulatory factor of (sex determining region Y)‑box 2 (Sox-2), which is required for osteosarcoma cell self‑renewal and tumorigenesis. As a direct regulator of Sox‑2, miR‑34a has been hypothesized to be greatly associated with the regulation of malignancies in osteosarcoma. To investigate the role of miR-34a in the malignancies of osteosarcoma, reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect the expression level of miR‑34a in osteospheres...
February 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259991/the-involvement-of-eag1-potassium-channels-and-mir-34a-in-rotenone-induced-death-of-dopaminergic-sh-sy5y-cells
#18
Camila Hillesheim Horst, Ricardo Titze-de-Almeida, Simoneide Souza Titze-de-Almeida
The loss of dopaminergic neurons and the resultant motor impairment are hallmarks of Parkinson's disease. The SH‑SY5Y cell line is a model of dopaminergic neurons, and allows for the study of dopaminergic neuronal injury. Previous studies have revealed changes in Ether à go‑go 1 (Eag1) potassium channel expression during p53-induced SH‑SY5Y apoptosis, and the regulatory involvement of microRNA‑34a (miR‑34a) was demonstrated. In the present study, the involvement of Eag1 and miR‑34a in rotenone‑induced SH‑SY5Y cell injury was investigated...
February 10, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254952/effects-of-microrna-34a-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-cytochrome-p450-probe-drugs-in-mice
#19
Joseph L Jilek, Ye Tian, Ai-Ming Yu
MicroRNAs (miR) including miR-34a have been shown to regulate nuclear receptor, drug-metabolizing enzyme and transporter gene expression in various cell model systems. However, to what degree miRNAs would affect pharmacokinetics (PK) at the systemic level remains unknown. Additionally, miR-34a replacement therapy represents a new cancer treatment strategy, whereas it is undefined if miR-34a therapeutics would causes any drug-drug interactions (DDI). To address the questions, we developed a practical single-mouse PK approach and investigated the effects of a bioengineered miR-34a agent on the PK of multiple Cytochrome P450 (CYP) probe drugs (midazolam, dextromethorphan, phenacetin, diclofenac, and chlorzoxazone) administered as a cocktail to mouse models...
March 2, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253927/low-tissue-levels-of-mir-125b-predict-malignancy-in-solitary-fibrous-tumors-of-the-pleura
#20
Matthias Brock, Selma Hottinger, Matthias Diebold, Alex Soltermann, Wolfram Jochum, Malcolm Kohler, Lars C Huber, Daniel P Franzen
BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumors of the pleura (SFTP) are rare neoplasia of the chest. A subset of SFTP follows a malignant course, sometimes several years after complete resection. Traditional scoring systems based on clinical and histological features are poor predictors of biological behavior. This study aimed to investigate tumor-associated miRNAs expression as novel biomarkers to predict the clinical behavior of SFTP. METHODS: Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded SFTP tissues blocks from patients surgically resected between 1992 and 2013 at two tertiary care teaching hospitals were included...
March 2, 2017: Respiratory Research
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