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Anxiety and burnout

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789455/map-changes-and-theme-evolution-in-work-hours-a-co-word-analysis
#1
Bei Liu, Hong Chen, Xinru Huang
(1) Background: Work hours are the basic carrier impacting employees' work⁻life experience and organizational performance, and employees have greater anxiety in relation to work hours as new technology requires an increasingly faster work rhythm. However, scientific research on this topic lags far behind the practice, calling to attention the need for research on work hours from the perspective of historical evolution; (2) Methods: The Bibliometric method is used to analyze the 6364 articles and their contained 77 high-frequency keywords related to work hours from the Web of Science published between 1901 and 2017...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752909/systematic-review-of-caregiver-and-dyad-interventions-following-adult-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
REVIEW
Natalie Kreitzer, Brad G Kurowski, Tamilyn Bakas
OBJECTIVE: To describe and synthesize the existing literature of published adult TBI family caregiver and dyad intervention studies. Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are common and have a significant long-term impact, with some characterizing TBI as a chronic condition. Informal family caregivers of adults with TBI suffer from high rates of burnout, depression, fatigue, anxiety, lower subjective well-being, and poorer levels of physical health compared to non-caregivers. There is a critical gap in the understanding of interventions designed to address the impact of TBI on adult patients and their family caregivers...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719089/associations-between-therapists-occupational-burnout-and-their-patients-depression-and-anxiety-treatment-outcomes
#3
Jaime Delgadillo, David Saxon, Michael Barkham
BACKGROUND: Occupational burnout is common in mental health professionals, but its impact on patient outcomes is as yet uncertain. This study aimed to investigate associations between therapist-level burnout and patient-level treatment outcomes after psychological therapy. METHODS: We used multilevel modeling using depression (PHQ-9) and anxiety (GAD-7) outcomes data from 2,223 patients nested within 49 therapists. Therapists completed a survey including the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) and a job satisfaction scale (JDSS)...
May 2, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702357/serial-multiple-mediation-of-organizational-commitment-and-job-burnout-in-the-relationship-between-psychological-capital-and-anxiety-in-chinese-female-nurses-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#4
Jiawei Zhou, Yanjie Yang, Xiaohui Qiu, Xiuxian Yang, Hui Pan, Bo Ban, Zhengxue Qiao, Lin Wang, Wenbo Wang
BACKGROUND: Nurses play an important role in medical and health services but anxiety among those in this profession is widespread. Anxiety not only damages the physical and mental health of the individual, but also reduces the efficiency of their work and the quality of care, ultimately impacting on patient care. Therefore, it is necessary to elucidate the factors that lead to anxiety and explore measures to reduce the impact these factors have on nurses. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the serial-multiple mediation of psychological capital (PsyCap), organizational commitment, job burnout, and anxiety among Chinese female nurses...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693483/rehabilitation-for-improved-cognition-in-patients-with-stress-related-exhaustion-disorder-reco-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Hanna Malmberg Gavelin, Therese Eskilsson, Carl-Johan Boraxbekk, Maria Josefsson, Anna Stigsdotter Neely, Lisbeth Slunga Järvholm
Stress-related exhaustion has been associated with selective and enduring cognitive impairments. However, little is known about how to address cognitive deficits in stress rehabilitation and how this influences stress recovery over time. The aim of this open-label, parallel randomized controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03073772) was to investigate the long-term effects of 12 weeks cognitive or aerobic training on cognitive function, psychological health, and work ability for patients diagnosed with exhaustion disorder (ED)...
April 25, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683254/examining-burnout-profiles-in-relation-to-health-and-well-being-in-the-veterans-health-administration-employee-population
#6
Tamara M Schult, David C Mohr, Katerine Osatuke
The goals of this paper were twofold: (a) To provide a population overview of burnout profiles by occupation in a large, health care sector employee population and (b) to investigate how burnout profiles relate to self-reported health behaviours, chronic conditions, and absenteeism. Burnout profiles were considered by 5 main occupational groups (physicians, nurses, other clinical, administrative, and wage grade [trade, craft, and labor workers]) in survey respondents (n = 86,257 employees). Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine how burnout profiles were associated with health controlling for gender, age, race, ethnicity, and occupational group...
April 23, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650472/could-exercise-improve-mental-health-and-cognitive-skills-for-surgeons-and-other-healthcare-professionals
#7
REVIEW
D A Parry, R S Oeppen, M S A Amin, P A Brennan
Workplace-related illness is common in the UK, and in healthcare more than five million working days over 10years have been lost as a result. Occupational stress is well known and can affect clinicians at any stage, yet many healthcare professionals continue to work with this or other psychological problems (including anxiety, chronic fatigue, and burnout) as they do not wish to let their colleagues down. Mental health issues might be dismissed, particularly in surgery, because there is a misconception that surgeons can cope better with stress than those working in other specialties, and are better protected from clinical burnout...
April 9, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642743/initiative-for-burnout-of-icu-caregivers-feasibility-and-preliminary-results-of-a-psychological-support
#8
Bara Ricou, Fabienne Gigon, Edith Durand-Steiner, Maud Liesenberg, Christine Chemin-Renais, Paolo Merlani, Sylvette Delaloye
BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit (ICU) caregivers are at high risk of burnout and the shortage of this highly specialized personal is a problem. The feasibility and impact of a psychological intervention were never assessed in this special context. METHODS: A randomized controlled single-blind study in an ICU. The first intervention consisted in weekly problem-based sessions led by psychologists with small groups of caregivers using a systemic approach over 3 months...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627596/omega-3-fatty-acids-for-a-better-mental-state-in-working-populations-happy-nurse-project-a-52-week-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Norio Watanabe, Yutaka Matsuoka, Mie Kumachi, Kei Hamazaki, Masaru Horikoshi, Toshi A Furukawa
The efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids for maintaining a better mental state has not been examined among working populations. We aimed to explore the effectiveness of omega-3 fatty acids for hospital nurses. In a multi-center randomized trial, 80 junior nurses were randomly allocated to either omega-3 fatty acids (1200 mg/day of eicosapentaenoic acid and 600 mg/day of docosahexaenoic acid) or identical placebo pills for 13 weeks. The primary outcome was the total score of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), determined by a blinded rater at week 26 from the study enrolment...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610927/distress-and-burnout-in-young-medical-researchers-before-and-during-the-greek-austerity-measures-forerunner-of-a-greater-crisis
#10
Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Vasiliki-Eirini Chatzea, Evangelos Melidoniotis, Enkeleint-Aggelos Mechili
PURPOSE: Distress and burnout are strongly correlated with austerity and financial recessions. Aim of this study was to assess distress and burnout among young medical researchers (YMR) in Greece before and during the financial crisis. METHODS: In total 2050 YMR affiliated in all the nursing and medical departments of Greece were enrolled (1025 in Period A: 2008 and 1025 in Period B: 2017). Distress and burnout were measured via DASS-21 and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) questionnaires...
April 2, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606143/evaluation-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-life-and-a-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-stress-management-workshop-to-improve-healthcare-staff-stress-study-protocol-for-two-randomised-controlled-trials
#11
Clara Strauss, Jenny Gu, Nikki Pitman, Cavita Chapman, Willem Kuyken, Adrian Whittington
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers experience higher levels of work-related stress and higher rates of sickness absence than workers in other sectors. Psychological approaches have potential in providing healthcare workers with the knowledge and skills to recognise stress and to manage stress effectively. The strongest evidence for effectiveness in reducing stress in the workplace is for stress-management courses based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) principles and mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
April 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602138/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-nurses-and-nursing-students-an-integrated-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Pamela van der Riet, Tracy Levett-Jones, Catherine Aquino-Russell
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature has identified a range of beneficial physiological and psychological outcomes from the regular practice of mindfulness meditation. For healthcare professionals, mindfulness meditation is claimed to reduce stress, anxiety and burnout, and enhance resilience. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this integrative review was to critically appraise the literature that related to the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation programs for nurses and nursing students...
March 24, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599006/-association-between-burnout-syndrome-and-anxiety-in-residents-and-anesthesiologists-of-the-federal-district
#13
Catia Sousa Govêia, Tiago Tolentino Mendes da Cruz, Denismar Borges de Miranda, Gabriel Magalhães Nunes Guimarães, Luís Cláudio Araújo Ladeira, Fernanda D'Ávila Sampaio Tolentino, Marco Aurélio Soares Amorim, Edno Magalhães
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is a shortage of studies addressing the association between burnout syndrome and anxiety among anesthesiologists. Identifying the relationship between these two conditions is of fundamental importance for the prevention, follow-up, and treatment of the professionals. Thus, we evaluated the association between burnout syndrome and anxiety in anesthesiologists and residents of anesthesiology in the Federal District. METHOD: A cross-sectional study using a convenience sample of residents and anesthesiologists from the Federal District...
March 26, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514774/self-reflected-well-being-via-a-smartphone-app-in-clinical-medical-students-feasibility-study
#14
Elizabeth K Berryman, Daniel J Leonard, Andrew R Gray, Ralph Pinnock, Barry Taylor
BACKGROUND: Well-being in medical students has become an area of concern, with a number of studies reporting high rates of clinical depression, anxiety, burnout, and suicidal ideation in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to increase awareness of well-being in medical students by using a smartphone app. The primary objective of this study was to determine the validity and feasibility of the Particip8 app for student self-reflected well-being data collection...
March 7, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503607/effect-of-somatic-experiencing-resiliency-based-trauma-treatment-training-on-quality-of-life-and-psychological-health-as-potential-markers-of-resilience-in-treating-professionals
#15
Neal E Winblad, Michael Changaris, Phyllis K Stein
Background: Individuals who treat trauma are at significant risk of vicarious traumatization and burnout. Somatic Experiencing® (SE®) is a resiliency-focused trauma treatment modality designed to address autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation and its impacted physical health and mental health symptoms e.g., anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, migraines, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue, etc. The SE® training supports the development of clinical skills to reduce physical health/mental health symptoms as well as increase clinician resilience...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485797/healthy-settings-in-hospital-how-to-prevent-burnout-syndrome-in-nurses-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Adriano Friganović, Irena Kovačević, Boris Ilić, Mirna Žulec, Valentina Krikšić, Cecilija Grgas Bile
Healthy settings involve a holistic and multidisciplinary method that integrates actions towards risk factors. In hospital settings, a high level of stress can lead to depression, anxiety, decreased job satisfaction and lower loyalty to the organization. Burnout syndrome can be defined as physical, psychological and emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low sense of personal accomplishment. The aim of this literature review was to make systematic literature analysis to provide scientific evidence for the consequences of constant exposure to high levels of stress and for the methods to be used to prevent burnout syndrome among health care workers...
June 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470435/creative-arts-interventions-for-stress-management-and-prevention-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Lily Martin, Renate Oepen, Katharina Bauer, Alina Nottensteiner, Katja Mergheim, Harald Gruber, Sabine C Koch
Stress is one of the world's largest health problems, leading to exhaustion, burnout, anxiety, a weak immune system, or even organ damage. In Germany, stress-induced work absenteeism costs about 20 billion Euros per year. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Central Federal Association of the public Health Insurance Funds in Germany ascribes particular importance to stress prevention and stress management as well as health enhancing measures. Building on current integrative and embodied stress theories, Creative Arts Therapies (CATs) or arts interventions are an innovative way to prevent stress and improve stress management...
February 22, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468904/the-experiences-of-general-practitioner-partners-living-with-distress-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#18
Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Ruth Riley
Doctors, including general practitioners, experience higher levels of mental illness than the general population. General practitioners who are partners in their practices may face heightened stress. In total, 10 general practitioner partners living with work-related distress were interviewed, and transcripts were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three major themes arose: (1) extreme distress, (2) conflicted doctor identity and (3) toxic versus supportive workplace relationships. Participants detailed symptoms of depression, anxiety and burnout; reported conflicted identities; and discussed the impact of bullying partnerships...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449785/a-systematic-review-of-burnout-among-doctors-in-china-a-cultural-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Dana Lo, Florence Wu, Mark Chan, Rodney Chu, Donald Li
Background: Numerous studies around the world has already suggested that burnout among doctors is a global phenomenon. However, studies for burnout in doctors are relatively limited in Chinese communities when compared to the West. As risk factors, barriers to intervention and strategies combatting burnout in different parts of the world can vary a lot due to different social culture and healthcare system, study with a focus at doctors in China from a cultural perspective is a worthful endeavor...
2018: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420050/happier-healers-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mobile-mindfulness-for-stress-management
#20
Elaine Yang, Elizabeth Schamber, Rika M L Meyer, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: Medical students have higher rates of depression and psychologic distress than the general population, which may negatively impact academic performance and professional conduct. This study assessed whether 10-20 min of daily mindfulness meditation for 30 days, using a mobile phone application, could decrease perceived stress and improve well-being for medical students. METHODS: Eighty-eight medical students were stratified by class year and randomized to either intervention or control groups to use the mobile application Headspace, an audio-guided mindfulness meditation program, for 30 days...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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