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Anxiety and burnout

Nils Myszkowski, Barbara Villoing, Franck Zenasni, Philippe Jaury, Emilie Boujut
Residents experience severely high levels of stress, depression and burnout, leading to perceived medical errors, as well as to symptoms of impairment, such as chronic anger, cognitive impairment, suicidal behavior and substance abuse. Because research has not yet provided a psychometrically robust population-specific tool to measure the level of stress of medicine residents, we aimed at building and validating such a measure. Using an inductive scale development approach, a short, pragmatic measure was built, based on the interviews of 17 medicine residents...
August 12, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Jillian Dorrian, Crystal Grant, Siobhan Banks
PURPOSE: Residential support workers (RSW) engage in overnight "sleepover" shifts as well as more traditional "standup" night shifts. While research has investigated the consequences of night and on-call work for sleep in other industries, the sleep of RSW has not been evaluated. METHOD: In a single-provider case study, six employees completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), a 2-week sleep diary, and a 30 min interview, and four also completed the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM)...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Todd M Sabato, Tanis J Walch, Dennis J Caine
This article presents a current review of the risk of physical and psychological injury associated with participation in elite youth sport, and suggests strategies to ensure the physical and emotional health of these young athletes. Although there is lack of epidemiological data, especially with regard to psychological injury, preliminary data suggest that the risk of injury is high in this population. While there is lack of incident and follow-up data, there is also concern regarding burnout, disordered eating, and the long-term consequences of injury...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
Lisa Mather, Victoria Blom, Gunnar Bergström, Pia Svedberg
Depression and anxiety are highly comorbid due to shared genetic risk factors, but less is known about whether burnout shares these risk factors. We aimed to examine whether the covariation between major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and burnout is explained by common genetic and/or environmental factors. This cross-sectional study included 25,378 Swedish twins responding to a survey in 2005-2006. Structural equation models were used to analyze whether the trait variances and covariances were due to additive genetics, non-additive genetics, shared environment, and unique environment...
September 13, 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
M A de Jong, K Nieuwenhuijsen, J K Sluiter
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders (CMD-burnout, stress, depression and anxiety disorders) are prevalent in physicians. AIMS: To investigate the relationship between CMD and medical incidents and/or unprofessional behaviour in hospital physicians. METHODS: PubMed was searched for all articles published between 2003 and 2013 that study a relationship between CMD and medical incidents and/or unprofessional behaviour in hospital physicians. The strength of evidence was assessed through five levels of evidence...
October 2016: Occupational Medicine
Benjamin Jonas, Fabian Leuschner, Peter Tossmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Internet-based interventions are a viable treatment option for various mental problems. However, their effects on the burnout syndrome yielded mixed results. In this paper we examine the efficacy of a structured and therapist-guided internet intervention, based on solution-focused and cognitive-behavioral therapy, for individuals with symptoms of burnout. DESIGN: Two-arm, Internet-based, randomized, wait-list controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: Participants were recruited through in-house events and online advertising...
September 7, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Santiago Narváez, Ángela M Tobar, Diego M López, Bernd Blobel
BACKGROUND: Stress-related disorders have become one of the main health problems in many countries and organizations worldwide. They can generate depression and anxiety, and could derive in work absenteeism and reduction in productivity. OBJECTIVE: Design, develop, and evaluate an mHealth App for the prevention of Burnout Syndrome following the recommendations of standard User-Centered Design methodologies. RESULTS: 1) A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of 59 faculty members and workers at the University of Cauca, Colombia using the Maslach Burnout Inventory as an instrument for measuring Burnout, accompanied by a demographic and technological questionnaire...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Renzo Bianchi, Jay Verkuilen, Romain Brisson, Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Eric Laurent
We investigated whether burnout and depression differed in terms of public stigma and help-seeking attitudes and behaviors. Secondarily, we examined the overlap of burnout and depressive symptoms. A total of 1046 French schoolteachers responded to an Internet survey in November-December 2015. The survey included measures of public stigma, help-seeking attitudes and behaviors, burnout and depressive symptoms, self-rated health, neuroticism, extraversion, history of anxiety or depressive disorder, social desirability, and socio-demographic variables...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Jiawei Zhou, Yanjie Yang, Xiaohui Qiu, Xiuxian Yang, Hui Pan, Bo Ban, Zhengxue Qiao, Lin Wang, Wenbo Wang
OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this research was to investigate the complex relationships among coping styles, personality, burnout, and anxiety using a moderated mediation analysis. METHODS: A random cluster sampling procedure was used to select a total of 1274 physicians from two tertiary grade A hospitals in Heilongjiang Province, which is located in northeast China. The Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Chinese Maslach Burnout Inventory (CMBI), Chinese version of the EPQ-revised Short Scale, and the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) were used to gather data...
2016: PloS One
Teresa A Lapa, Sérgio A Carvalho, Joaquim S Viana, Pedro L Ferreira, José Pinto-Gouveia
BACKGROUND: Stress in anaesthesiologists is a common and multifactorial problem related to patients, colleagues and organisations. The consequences of stress include depression, work-home conflicts and burnout. Reduction in stress can be achieved by reducing the number and magnitude of stressors or by increasing resilience strategies. OBJECTIVES: We have created the self-reporting 'Stress Questionnaire in Anaesthesiologists' (SQA), to qualify the sources of stress in anaesthesiologists' professional lives, and measure the level of associated stress...
July 15, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Shailesh Kumar
Doctors are exposed to high levels of stress in the course of their profession and are particularly susceptible to experiencing burnout. Burnout has far-reaching implications on doctors; patients and the healthcare system. Doctors experiencing burnout are reported to be at a higher risk of making poor decisions; display hostile attitude toward patients; make more medical errors; and have difficult relationships with co-workers. Burnout among doctors also increases risk of depression; anxiety; sleep disturbances; fatigue; alcohol and drug misuse; marital dysfunction; premature retirement and perhaps most seriously suicide...
2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Jose L Gómez-Urquiza, Carolina S Monsalve-Reyes, Concepción San Luis-Costas, Rafael Fernández-Castillo, Raimundo Aguayo-Estremera, Guillermo A Cañadas-de la Fuente
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors and levels of burnout in Primary Care nurses. METHODS: A systematic review was performed. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, CUIDEN, LILACS, PubMed, ProQuest, ScienceDirect and Scopus databases were consulted. Search equations were 'burnout AND community health nursing' and 'burnout AND primary care nursing'. The search was performed in October 2015. STUDY SELECTION: The final sample was n=12 studies...
June 27, 2016: Atencion Primaria
Fiona Cocker, Nerida Joss
Compassion fatigue (CF) is stress resulting from exposure to a traumatized individual. CF has been described as the convergence of secondary traumatic stress (STS) and cumulative burnout (BO), a state of physical and mental exhaustion caused by a depleted ability to cope with one's everyday environment. Professionals regularly exposed to the traumatic experiences of the people they service, such as healthcare, emergency and community service workers, are particularly susceptible to developing CF. This can impact standards of patient care, relationships with colleagues, or lead to more serious mental health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety or depression...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Francesco D'Ambrosio
Health professionals are subject to a high risk of burnout syndrome due to specific stressful factors connected with their professional activity. This condition, which influences their quality of life, is characterized by physical and mental fatigue, a detached and apathetic attitude in social relations and feelings of frustration. The purpose of this study was to analyze, among a sample of 40 health professionals in a hospital in southern Italy, the relation between subjective feelings of satisfaction deriving from their professional activities and risk factors associated with burnout (age, sex, marital status, professional category, length of service in the health sector) ...
March 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Richard Pougnet, Laurence Pougnet, Brice Loddé, Jean-Dominique Dewitte
INTRODUCTION: Doctors see the suffering of patients and their families; their working conditions are often difficult. High prevalence of occupational diseases are shown in medical literature, especially burnout. Some risk factors are shown depending upon medical specialties and workplace, especially in hospital. The purpose of this article was to qualify these factors by qualitative research, according to hospital doctors' point of view. METHODS: It was a study with interviews...
July 2016: La Presse Médicale
Katlin Allsbrook, Carrie Atzinger, Hua He, Chalee Engelhard, Geoffrey Yager, Katie Wusik
Many genetic counselors provide supervision to students during their career. Previous studies have shown genetic counselors, in general, are at increased risk for developing compassion fatigue. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference in compassion fatigue and burnout levels in genetic counselors who currently supervise compared to genetic counselors who do not. Genetic counselors who currently practice in a clinical setting (N = 391) completed an online survey containing demographic questions, the Professional Quality of Life Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and questions specific to the genetic counselor's experiences with supervision...
May 19, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Lung Chan, Hsuan-Min Wang, Kuan-Yu Chen, Ying-Chin Lin, Pei-Jung Wu, Wan-Lin Hsieh, Ying-Ru Chen, Cheung-Pin Liu, Han-Yin Tsai, Yun-Ru Chen, Hsiu-Hui Chang, Yi-Chen Hsieh, Chaur-Jong Hu
Work-related stress (WS) can result in considerable and extensive changes in physiological and psychological performance. WS beyond the optimal levels induces anxiety, confusion, exhaustion, and burnout. Chronic WS affects neurocognitive performance, particularly attention and visuospatial memory. Essence of chicken (EC) has been reported to improve neurocognitive function after mental stress.To investigate the beneficial effects of EC in improving neurocognitive performance under WS, we conducted a randomized, double blind trial...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Stuart J Slavin, John T Chibnall
The poor mental health of residents, characterized by high rates of burnout, depression, and suicidal ideation, is a growing concern in graduate medical education. Research is needed to gain a deeper understanding of the sources of distress as well as the sources of sustenance in residency training. The study by Mata and colleagues contributes significantly to this understanding. In addition to this line of research, however, studies are needed that assess the impact of interventions to help residents deal more effectively with the stress of training and find meaning in their work...
September 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Francis J Somville, Véronique De Gucht, Stan Maes
BACKGROUND: Emergency Physicians (EPs) are regularly confronted with work related traumatic events and hectic work conditions. Several studies mention a high incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychosomatic complaints in EP. The main objective of this study is to examine the contribution of demographics, traumatic events, life events, the occurrence of occupational hazards and social support to post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), psychological distress, fatigue, somatic complaints and job satisfaction in Emergency Physicians...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Jules Angst, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Wulf Rössler
The relationship between the two syndromes neurasthenia and depression is of interest in the context of burnout, which, although not a diagnosis, is often treated in psychiatry. This study defines major depressive episodes according to DSM-5 and neurasthenia by ICD-10 symptom criteria, and both syndromes on the basis of a 2-week minimum duration. The study includes all subjects of the Zurich epidemiological study who had taken part in the last five interviews (1986-2008) and compares three groups, pure depression, pure neurasthenia and their combination (neurasthenic depression), applying nonparametric statistics...
April 19, 2016: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
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