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Anxiety and burnout

Katherine Woolf, Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin
OBJECTIVES: Explore trainee doctors' experiences of postgraduate training and perceptions of fairness in relation to ethnicity and country of primary medical qualification. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus group and interview study. SETTING: Postgraduate training in England (London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent Surrey and Sussex) and Wales. PARTICIPANTS: 137 participants (96 trainees, 41 trainers) were purposively sampled from a framework comprising: doctors from all stages of training in general practice, medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, psychiatry, radiology, surgery or foundation, in 4 geographical areas, from white and black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds, who qualified in the UK and abroad...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
Patricia Kinser, Sarah Braun, George Deeb, Caroline Carrico, Alan Dow
High levels of stress and related burnout in healthcare professionals (HCPs) are prevalent and costly conditions. Mindfulness training has received recent attention as a possible prevention/intervention strategy to enhance resilience to stress and reduce risk of burnout in HCPs. The purpose of this mixed-methods pilot study was to evaluate the preliminary feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of an 8-week mindfulness curriculum for interprofessional HCPs and trainees (n = 27). Qualitative findings supported feasibility and acceptability of the course for a wide variety of HCP disciplines, including nursing, dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, social work, mental health, and clinical research...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Min Zhang, Yunke Shi, Yanfei Yang, Ling Liu, Jianming Xiao, Tuo Guo, Jian Li
OBJECTIVES: "Burnout" is an affective response that is different to depression or anxiety. Studies on the relationship between burnout and physical recovery after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the long-term are lacking, hence the rationale of this study. METHODS: Participants were patients after their first onset of ACS divided into the high burnout group (HBG) and low burnout group (LBG) based on the upper quartile of their burnout score on the day before discharge...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Friedrich Riffer, Lore Streibl, Manuel Sprung, Elmar Kaiser, Lena Riffer
BACKGROUND: A reduced heart rate variability (HRV) has been associated with various different pathological physical and psychological conditions and illnesses. The present study is focused on investigating HRV in respect to psychological disorders (depressive disorders anxiety disorders, Burn-out-Syndrome). METHODS: The results from an investigation with patients from a psychiatric Rehabilitation clinic following a six week in-patient treatment are presented...
December 2016: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
Nils Myszkowski, Barbara Villoing, Franck Zenasni, Philippe Jaury, Emilie Boujut
Residents experience severely high levels of stress, depression and burnout, leading to perceived medical errors, as well as to symptoms of impairment, such as chronic anger, cognitive impairment, suicidal behavior and substance abuse. Because research has not yet provided a psychometrically robust population-specific tool to measure the level of stress of medicine residents, we aimed at building and validating such a measure. Using an inductive scale development approach, a short, pragmatic measure was built, based on the interviews of 17 medicine residents...
August 12, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Jillian Dorrian, Crystal Grant, Siobhan Banks
PURPOSE: Residential support workers (RSW) engage in overnight "sleepover" shifts as well as more traditional "standup" night shifts. While research has investigated the consequences of night and on-call work for sleep in other industries, the sleep of RSW has not been evaluated. METHOD: In a single-provider case study, six employees completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), a 2-week sleep diary, and a 30 min interview, and four also completed the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM)...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Todd M Sabato, Tanis J Walch, Dennis J Caine
This article presents a current review of the risk of physical and psychological injury associated with participation in elite youth sport, and suggests strategies to ensure the physical and emotional health of these young athletes. Although there is lack of epidemiological data, especially with regard to psychological injury, preliminary data suggest that the risk of injury is high in this population. While there is lack of incident and follow-up data, there is also concern regarding burnout, disordered eating, and the long-term consequences of injury...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
Lisa Mather, Victoria Blom, Gunnar Bergström, Pia Svedberg
Depression and anxiety are highly comorbid due to shared genetic risk factors, but less is known about whether burnout shares these risk factors. We aimed to examine whether the covariation between major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and burnout is explained by common genetic and/or environmental factors. This cross-sectional study included 25,378 Swedish twins responding to a survey in 2005-2006. Structural equation models were used to analyze whether the trait variances and covariances were due to additive genetics, non-additive genetics, shared environment, and unique environment...
December 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
M A de Jong, K Nieuwenhuijsen, J K Sluiter
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders (CMD-burnout, stress, depression and anxiety disorders) are prevalent in physicians. AIMS: To investigate the relationship between CMD and medical incidents and/or unprofessional behaviour in hospital physicians. METHODS: PubMed was searched for all articles published between 2003 and 2013 that study a relationship between CMD and medical incidents and/or unprofessional behaviour in hospital physicians. The strength of evidence was assessed through five levels of evidence...
October 2016: Occupational Medicine
Benjamin Jonas, Fabian Leuschner, Peter Tossmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Internet-based interventions are a viable treatment option for various mental problems. However, their effects on the burnout syndrome yielded mixed results. In this paper we examine the efficacy of a structured and therapist-guided internet intervention, based on solution-focused and cognitive-behavioral therapy, for individuals with symptoms of burnout. DESIGN: Two-arm, Internet-based, randomized, wait-list controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: Participants were recruited through in-house events and online advertising...
September 7, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Santiago Narváez, Ángela M Tobar, Diego M López, Bernd Blobel
BACKGROUND: Stress-related disorders have become one of the main health problems in many countries and organizations worldwide. They can generate depression and anxiety, and could derive in work absenteeism and reduction in productivity. OBJECTIVE: Design, develop, and evaluate an mHealth App for the prevention of Burnout Syndrome following the recommendations of standard User-Centered Design methodologies. RESULTS: 1) A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of 59 faculty members and workers at the University of Cauca, Colombia using the Maslach Burnout Inventory as an instrument for measuring Burnout, accompanied by a demographic and technological questionnaire...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Renzo Bianchi, Jay Verkuilen, Romain Brisson, Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Eric Laurent
We investigated whether burnout and depression differed in terms of public stigma and help-seeking attitudes and behaviors. Secondarily, we examined the overlap of burnout and depressive symptoms. A total of 1046 French schoolteachers responded to an Internet survey in November-December 2015. The survey included measures of public stigma, help-seeking attitudes and behaviors, burnout and depressive symptoms, self-rated health, neuroticism, extraversion, history of anxiety or depressive disorder, social desirability, and socio-demographic variables...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Jiawei Zhou, Yanjie Yang, Xiaohui Qiu, Xiuxian Yang, Hui Pan, Bo Ban, Zhengxue Qiao, Lin Wang, Wenbo Wang
OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this research was to investigate the complex relationships among coping styles, personality, burnout, and anxiety using a moderated mediation analysis. METHODS: A random cluster sampling procedure was used to select a total of 1274 physicians from two tertiary grade A hospitals in Heilongjiang Province, which is located in northeast China. The Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Chinese Maslach Burnout Inventory (CMBI), Chinese version of the EPQ-revised Short Scale, and the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) were used to gather data...
2016: PloS One
Teresa A Lapa, Sérgio A Carvalho, Joaquim S Viana, Pedro L Ferreira, José Pinto-Gouveia
BACKGROUND: Stress in anaesthesiologists is a common and multifactorial problem related to patients, colleagues and organisations. The consequences of stress include depression, work-home conflicts and burnout. Reduction in stress can be achieved by reducing the number and magnitude of stressors or by increasing resilience strategies. OBJECTIVES: We have created the self-reporting 'Stress Questionnaire in Anaesthesiologists' (SQA), to qualify the sources of stress in anaesthesiologists' professional lives, and measure the level of associated stress...
July 15, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Shailesh Kumar
Doctors are exposed to high levels of stress in the course of their profession and are particularly susceptible to experiencing burnout. Burnout has far-reaching implications on doctors; patients and the healthcare system. Doctors experiencing burnout are reported to be at a higher risk of making poor decisions; display hostile attitude toward patients; make more medical errors; and have difficult relationships with co-workers. Burnout among doctors also increases risk of depression; anxiety; sleep disturbances; fatigue; alcohol and drug misuse; marital dysfunction; premature retirement and perhaps most seriously suicide...
2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Jose L Gómez-Urquiza, Carolina S Monsalve-Reyes, Concepción San Luis-Costas, Rafael Fernández-Castillo, Raimundo Aguayo-Estremera, Guillermo A Cañadas-de la Fuente
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors and levels of burnout in Primary Care nurses. METHODS: A systematic review was performed. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, CUIDEN, LILACS, PubMed, ProQuest, ScienceDirect and Scopus databases were consulted. Search equations were 'burnout AND community health nursing' and 'burnout AND primary care nursing'. The search was performed in October 2015. STUDY SELECTION: The final sample was n=12 studies...
June 27, 2016: Atencion Primaria
Fiona Cocker, Nerida Joss
Compassion fatigue (CF) is stress resulting from exposure to a traumatized individual. CF has been described as the convergence of secondary traumatic stress (STS) and cumulative burnout (BO), a state of physical and mental exhaustion caused by a depleted ability to cope with one's everyday environment. Professionals regularly exposed to the traumatic experiences of the people they service, such as healthcare, emergency and community service workers, are particularly susceptible to developing CF. This can impact standards of patient care, relationships with colleagues, or lead to more serious mental health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety or depression...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Francesco D'Ambrosio
Health professionals are subject to a high risk of burnout syndrome due to specific stressful factors connected with their professional activity. This condition, which influences their quality of life, is characterized by physical and mental fatigue, a detached and apathetic attitude in social relations and feelings of frustration. The purpose of this study was to analyze, among a sample of 40 health professionals in a hospital in southern Italy, the relation between subjective feelings of satisfaction deriving from their professional activities and risk factors associated with burnout (age, sex, marital status, professional category, length of service in the health sector) ...
March 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Richard Pougnet, Laurence Pougnet, Brice Loddé, Jean-Dominique Dewitte
INTRODUCTION: Doctors see the suffering of patients and their families; their working conditions are often difficult. High prevalence of occupational diseases are shown in medical literature, especially burnout. Some risk factors are shown depending upon medical specialties and workplace, especially in hospital. The purpose of this article was to qualify these factors by qualitative research, according to hospital doctors' point of view. METHODS: It was a study with interviews...
July 2016: La Presse Médicale
Katlin Allsbrook, Carrie Atzinger, Hua He, Chalee Engelhard, Geoffrey Yager, Katie Wusik
Many genetic counselors provide supervision to students during their career. Previous studies have shown genetic counselors, in general, are at increased risk for developing compassion fatigue. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference in compassion fatigue and burnout levels in genetic counselors who currently supervise compared to genetic counselors who do not. Genetic counselors who currently practice in a clinical setting (N = 391) completed an online survey containing demographic questions, the Professional Quality of Life Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and questions specific to the genetic counselor's experiences with supervision...
May 19, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
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