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Anxiety and burnout

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641599/association-between-level-of-exposure-to-death-and-dying-and-professional-quality-of-life-among-palliative-care-workers
#1
Tali Samson, Pesach Shvartzman
BACKGROUND: Exposure to the death and dying of others is an anxiety-provoking condition that can contribute to psychological stress. However, the results of empirical studies that evaluated work-related outcomes among physicians and nurses with repeated exposure to dying patients are not consistent. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate whether a high level of exposure to death and dying (LED) can increase the risk for poor professional quality of life (ProQoL) in most healthcare workers, but it can also improve ProQoL in a subset of healthcare workers with specific characteristics...
June 23, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608232/emotional-distress-among-physician-residents-and-fellows-an-observational-study-of-trainees-seeking-counseling-visits
#2
Anna Golob, Lauren A Beste, Mindy Stern, Kay Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Emotional distress, burnout, and depression occur frequently among graduate medical education (GME) trainees and may negatively affect patient care, education, and well-being. The authors aimed to characterize the causes and severity of distress among GME trainees seeking on-site counseling services at a large, multi-site, university-based training program in the USA. METHODS: The authors analyzed visits of all GME trainees seeking counseling from 2009 to 2012 and described trainee characteristics, level of distress, chief and secondary complaints, and initial visit outcomes...
June 12, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586377/psychometric-properties-of-a-power-mobility-caregiver-assistive-technology-outcome-measure
#3
W Ben Mortenson, Louise Demers, Paula W Rushton, Claudine Auger, François Routhier, William C Miller
Caregiver burnout is a serious concern among informal caregivers, especially for those who provide care to individuals with more severe limitations such as power mobility users. The Power Wheelchair Caregiver Assistive Technology Outcome Measure tool measures device specific and overall burden experienced by informal caregivers of power mobility users. A one-month, test-retest study was conducted to examine the reliability, internal consistency, and construct validity of the Power Wheelchair Caregiver Assistive Technology Outcome Measure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583211/parenting-a-child-at-home-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-experiences-of-commitment-of-stress-and-of-love
#4
Annie M Cantwell-Bartl, James Tibballs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the experiences of parenting a child with hypoplastic left heart syndrome after the child has been discharged home from hospital. DESIGN: A study of the parents' experiences using face-to-face interviews and psychometric measures with parents whose child had survived stage surgery. SETTING: Parents were interviewed within the home environment or within the hospital if that was their choice. SUBJECTS: A total of 29 parents (16 mothers and 13 fathers) of surviving children...
June 6, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557637/situational-factors-associated-with-burnout-among-emergency-department-nurses
#5
Jose Andres Rozo, DaiWai M Olson, Hlaing Sue Thu, Sonja E Stutzman
Emergency departments are high-stress environments for patients and clinicians. As part of the clinical team, nurses experience this stress daily and are subject to high levels of burnout, which has been shown to lead to hypertension, depression, and anxiety. Presence of these diseases may also contribute to burnout, creating a cycle of stress and illness. This prospective qualitative study used a phenomenological approach to better understand factors associated with burnout among emergency department nurses...
June 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532169/impact-of-metoprolol-treatment-on-cardiac-function-and-exercise-tolerance-in-heart-failure-patients-with-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#6
Jingjing Huang, Ran Zhang, Xuelu Liu, Yong Meng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of neuropsychiatric disorders on the effect of metoprolol on cardiac and motor function in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. METHODS: From February 2013 to April 2016, CHF patients with clinical mental disorders received metoprolol (23.75 or 47.5 mg, once daily, orally) at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University. Mental status was confirmed by means of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) scale...
June 19, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530171/the-implications-of-psychological-symptoms-for-length-of-sick-leave
#7
Antonius Schneider, Sven Hilbert, Johannes Hamann, Svenja Skadsem, Jürgen Glaser, Bernd Löwe, Markus Bühner
BACKGROUND: In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to determine the relation between sick leave duration, burnout symptoms, depression, anxiety, and somatization in a primary care setting. METHODS: Patients receiving a sickness certificate in one of 14 participating primary care practices were consecutively asked by their primary care physician to fill in a questionnaire comprising the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) containing the depression (PHQ-9), somatization (PHQ-15), and anxiety (GAD-7) scales...
April 28, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507528/cognitive-impairments-in-occupational-burnout-error-processing-and-its-indices-of-reactive-and-proactive-control
#8
Krystyna Golonka, Justyna Mojsa-Kaja, Magda Gawlowska, Katarzyna Popiel
The presented study refers to cognitive aspects of burnout as the effects of long-term work-related stress. The purpose of the study was to investigate electrophysiological correlates of burnout to explain the mechanisms of the core burnout symptoms: exhaustion and depersonalization/cynicism. The analyzed error-related electrophysiological markers shed light on impaired cognitive mechanisms and the specific changes in information-processing in burnout. In the EEG study design (N = 80), two components of error-related potential (ERP), error-related negativity (ERN), and error positivity (Pe), were analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484305/moral-stress-and-job-burnout-among-frontline-staff-conducting-clinical-research-on-affective-and-anxiety-disorders
#9
Adam L Fried, Celia B Fisher
There has been increased attention on job-related stress and burnout experienced by clinicians working with vulnerable and at-risk populations, including effects on personal mental health, therapeutic decision-making, and job effectiveness. Little is known, however, about the job-related stressors and symptoms of burnout experienced by clinical research staff working with similar populations, especially in terms of moral stress they may experience when adherence to scientific procedures appears to conflict with their personal commitment to address the clinical needs of their research participants or role as health care provider...
June 2016: Professional Psychology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483822/influences-on-gp-coping-and-resilience-a-qualitative-study-in-primary-care
#10
Anna Cheshire, Damien Ridge, John Hughes, David Peters, Maria Panagioti, Chantal Simon, George Lewith
BACKGROUND: 'Neoliberal' work policies, austerity, NHS restructuring, and increased GP consultation rates provide the backdrop against increasing reports of GP burnout and an impending shortage of GPs. AIM: To explore GPs' experiences of workplace challenges and stresses, and their coping strategies, particularly focusing on understanding the impact of recent NHS workplace change. DESIGN AND SETTING: Study design was qualitative, with data collected from two focus groups and seven one-to-one telephone interviews...
June 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459762/coping-with-staff-burnout-and-work-related-posttraumatic-stress-in-intensive-care
#11
Gillian A Colville, Jared G Smith, Joe Brierley, Kim Citron, Noreen M Nguru, Priyanka D Shaunak, Olivia Tam, Linda Perkins-Porras
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations with symptoms of 1) burnout and 2) work-related posttraumatic stress, in adult and pediatric intensive care staff, focusing on the particular contributions of resilience and coping strategies. DESIGN: Point prevalence cross-sectional study. SETTING: Three adult ICUs and four PICUs. SUBJECTS: Three hundred seventy-seven ICU staff. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Brief Resilience Scale, abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory, Trauma Screening Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425778/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-workaholism-a-controlled-trial
#12
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo M P Demarzo, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Workaholism is a form of behavioral addiction that can lead to reduced life and job satisfaction, anxiety, depression, burnout, work-family conflict, and impaired productivity. Given the number of people affected, there is a need for more targeted workaholism treatments. Findings from previous case studies successfully utilizing second-generation mindfulness-based interventions (SG-MBIs) for treating behavioral addiction suggest that SG-MBIs may be suitable for treating workaholism. This study conducted a controlled trial to investigate the effects of an SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT) on workaholism...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415959/the-practices-and-meanings-of-care-for-nurses-working-on-a-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplant-unit
#13
Caroline F Morrison, Edith J Morris
Bone marrow transplant (BMT) units are stressful work environments with high staff burnout, anxiety, and turnover. A qualitative study was undertaken to better understand care for nurses within the context of their clinical practice on a pediatric BMT unit. Understanding care practices for BMT nurses will allow us to design interventions and provide appropriate support for this subspecialty of nurses. Focus groups were held with 24 nurses as key participants, and 2 focus groups with general participants: unit management (N = 2) and caregivers of inpatients (N = 7)...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342622/an-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-burnout-socio-demographic-and-workplace-factors-and-job-satisfaction-among-emergency-department-health-professionals
#14
Menderes Tarcan, Neşet Hikmet, Benjamin Schooley, Mehmet Top, Gamze Yorgancıoglu Tarcan
INTRODUCTION: Burnout among emergency medical practitioners and personnel negatively affects career satisfaction and job performance and can lead to mental health issues, including anxiety, depression, and suicide. PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between the perceptions of burnout and job satisfaction of those working in two different hospital's emergency departments assessing the effect of burnout dimensions and additional factors (age, position, marital status, annual income, employment type, gender, patient encounters, and household economic well-being) on job satisfaction...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339417/cynicism-as-subscale-of-burnout
#15
Margaretha Viljoen, Nicolaas Claassen
BACKGROUND: Cynicism, as a personality trait, has adverse effects on health. The question was asked whether cynical attitudes that develop due to work-related stress correlate with stress levels and whether it has a negative influence on health. OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations of the cynicism subscale scores of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) with levels of stress, anxiety, questionnaire-based physical health and with a number of physiological health risk indicators...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299475/group-interventions-to-promote-mental-health-in-health-professional-education-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#16
Kristin Lo, Jamie Waterland, Paula Todd, Tanvi Gupta, Margaret Bearman, Craig Hassed, Jennifer L Keating
Effects of interventions for improving mental health of health professional students has not been established. This review analysed interventions to support mental health of health professional students and their effects. The full holdings of Medline, PsycINFO, EBM Reviews, Cinahl Plus, ERIC and EMBASE were searched until 15th April 2016. Inclusion criteria were randomised controlled trials of undergraduate and post graduate health professional students, group interventions to support mental health compared to alternative education, usual curriculum or no intervention; and post-intervention measurements for intervention and control participants of mindfulness, anxiety, depression, stress/distress or burnout...
March 15, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262658/-experience-of-spiritual-conflict-in-hospice-nurses-a-phenomenological-study
#17
Byoung Sook Lee, Su Young Kwak
PURPOSE: This aim of this phenomenological study was to describe and understand the experience of spiritual conflict in hospice nurses by identifying the meanings and structures of the experience. METHODS: Participants were 12 nurses working for one year or more at hospice units of general hospitals in a metropolitan city and experiencing of spiritual conflict as hospice nurses. Over six months data were collected using individual in-depth interviews and analyzed with the method suggested by Colaizzi...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247209/burnout-quality-of-life-motivation-and-academic-achievement-among-medical-students-a%C3%A2-person-oriented-approach
#18
Mataroria P Lyndon, Marcus A Henning, Hussain Alyami, Sanjeev Krishna, Irene Zeng, Tzu-Chieh Yu, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify burnout and quality of life profiles of medical students and determine their associations with academic motivation and achievement on progress tests using a person-oriented approach. METHODS: Medical students (n = 670) in Year 3 to Year 5 at the University of Auckland were classified into three different profiles as derived from a two-step cluster analysis using World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF scores and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory scores...
April 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229469/what-is-the-impact-of-shift-work-on-the-psychological-functioning-and-resilience-of-nurses-an-integrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Mozhdeh Tahghighi, Clare S Rees, Janie A Brown, Lauren J Breen, Desley Hegney
AIM: To synthesize existing research to determine if nurses who work shifts have poorer psychological functioning and resilience than nurses who do not work shifts. BACKGROUND: Research exploring the impact of shift work on the psychological functioning and resilience of nurses is limited compared with research investigating the impact of shifts on physical outcomes. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: Relevant databases were searched from January 1995-August 2016 using the combination of keywords: nurse, shift work; rotating roster; night shift; resilient; hardiness; coping; well-being; burnout; mental health; occupational stress; compassion fatigue; compassion satisfaction; stress; anxiety; depression...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182127/impact-of-metoprolol-treatment-on-mental-status-of-chronic-heart-failure-patients-with-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#20
Xuelu Liu, Xueming Lou, Xianliang Cheng, Yong Meng
BACKGROUND: Metoprolol treatment is well established for chronic heart failure (CHF) patients, but the central nervous system side effects are often a potential drawback. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of metoprolol treatment on change in mental status of CHF patients with clinical psychological disorders (such as depression, anxiety, and burnout syndrome). METHODS: From February 2013 to April 2016, CHF patients with clinical mental disorders received metoprolol (23...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
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