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Anxiety and burnout

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320337/improving-resiliency-in-healthcare-employees
#1
Brooke L Werneburg, Sarah M Jenkins, Jamie L Friend, Bridget E Berkland, Matthew M Clark, Jordan K Rosedahl, Heather R Preston, Denise C Daniels, Beth A Riley, Kerry D Olsen, Amit Sood
OBJECTIVES: The high prevalence of stress at the workplace has been well documented; however, few studies have investigated the efficacy of worksite resiliency programs. Therefore, the objec- tive of this project was to examine the impact of a worksite resilience training program on improving resiliency and health behaviors in healthcare employees. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2016, 137 adult wellness center members of a healthcare institution participating in a single-arm cohort study of a 12-week resiliency training program were assessed at baseline, end of intervention, and at 3-month follow-up...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284717/association-of-professional-identity-gender-team-understanding-anxiety-and-workplace-learning-alignment-with-burnout-in-junior-doctors-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#2
Lynn V Monrouxe, Alison Bullock, Hsu-Min Tseng, Stephanie E Wells
OBJECTIVES: To examine how burnout across medical student to junior doctor transition relates to: measures of professional identity, team understanding, anxiety, gender, age and workplace learning (assistantship) alignment to first post. DESIGN: A longitudinal 1-year cohort design. Two groups of final-year medical students: (1) those undertaking end-of-year assistantships aligned in location and specialty with their first post and (2) those undertaking assistantships non-aligned...
December 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277137/effects-of-stress-on-critical-care-nurses-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#3
Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Mohammadreza Hajiesmaeili, Mari Kangasniemi, Joana Fornés-Vives, Rita L Hunsucker, Farshid Rahimibashar, Mohammad A Pourhoseingholi, Leily Farrokhvar, Andrew C Miller
BACKGROUND: Health care is a demanding field, with a high level of responsibility and exposure to emotional and physical danger. High levels of stress may result in depression, anxiety, burnout syndrome, and in extreme cases, post-traumatic stress disorder. The aim of this study was to determine which personal, professional, and organizational variables are associated with greater perceived stress among critical care nurses for purposes of developing integrative solutions to decrease stress in the future...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261540/looking-back-to-move-forward-first-year-medical-students-meta-reflections-on-their-narrative-portfolio-writings
#4
Hetty Cunningham, Delphine Taylor, Urmi A Desai, Samuel C Quiah, Benjamin Kaplan, Lorraine Fei, Marina Catallozzi, Boyd Richards, Dorene F Balmer, Rita Charon
The day-to-day rigors of medical education often preclude learners from gaining a longitudinal perspective on who they are becoming. Furthermore, the current focus on competencies, coupled with concerning rates of trainee burnout and a decline in empathy, have fueled the search for pedagogic tools to foster students' reflective capacity. In response, many scholars have looked to the tradition of narrative medicine to foster "reflective spaces" wherein holistic professional identity construction can be supported...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241286/-humor-in-medicine-the-art-of-leaping-over-the-shadows
#5
Barbara Wild
Humor and laughter are integral parts of human life and communication - and so of course they occur in medical contacts.Humor is defined as a personality based cognitive emotional style of processing situations, characterized by the ability to find positive aspects even in negative situations, and the ability to communicate this point of view to others and to cheer them up. Humor can support healing processes and coping with illness. Humor and jokes reduce anxiety and stress (for patients and doctors). Humorous people have a more realistic, flexible and less fearful behaviour...
December 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196982/a-brief-instrument-to-assess-both-burnout-and-professional-fulfillment-in-physicians-reliability-and-validity-including-correlation-with-self-reported-medical-errors-in-a-sample-of-resident-and-practicing-physicians
#6
Mickey Trockel, Bryan Bohman, Emi Lesure, Maryam S Hamidi, Dana Welle, Laura Roberts, Tait Shanafelt
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the Professional Fulfillment Index (PFI), a 16-item instrument to assess physicians' professional fulfillment and burnout, designed for sensitivity to change attributable to interventions or other factors affecting physician well-being. METHODS: A sample of 250 physicians completed the PFI, a measure of self-reported medical errors, and previously validated measures including the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), a one-item burnout measure, the World Health Organization's abbreviated quality of life assessment (WHOQOL-BREF), and PROMIS short-form depression, anxiety, and sleep-related impairment scales...
December 1, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150313/safety-practices-perceptions-and-behaviors-in-radiation-oncology-a-national-survey-of-radiation-therapists
#7
Kristina Demas Woodhouse, David Hashemi, Kathryn Betcher, Abigail Doucette, Allison Weaver, Brian Monzon, Seth A Rosenthal, Neha Vapiwala
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy is complex and demands high vigilance and precise coordination. Radiation therapists (RTTs) directly deliver radiation and are often the first to discover an error. Yet, few studies have examined the practices of RTTs regarding patient safety. We conducted a national survey to explore the perspectives of RTTs related to quality and safety. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In 2016, an electronic survey was sent to a random sample of 1500 RTTs in the United States...
January 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145938/teacher-factors-contributing-to-dosage-of-the-kiva-anti-bullying-program
#8
Lauren E Swift, Julie A Hubbard, Megan K Bookhout, Stevie N Grassetti, Marissa A Smith, Michael T Morrow
The KiVa Anti-Bullying Program (KiVa) seeks to meet the growing need for anti-bullying programming through a school-based, teacher-led intervention for elementary school children. The goals of this study were to examine how intervention dosage impacts outcomes of KiVa and how teacher factors influence dosage. Participants included 74 teachers and 1409 4th- and 5th-grade students in nine elementary schools. Teachers and students completed data collection at the beginning and end of the school year, including measures of bullying and victimization, correlates of victimization (depression, anxiety, peer rejection, withdrawal, and school avoidance), intervention cognitions/emotions (anti-bullying attitudes, and empathy toward victims), bystander behaviors, and teacher factors thought to relate to dosage (self-efficacy for teaching, professional burnout, perceived principal support, expected effectiveness of KiVa, perceived feasibility of KiVa)...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117049/trauma-leadership-strategies-to-prevent-and-reduce-burnout-in-urban-academic-trauma-centers
#9
Melissa S Hockaday
The incidence of burnout syndrome is increasing among all health care disciplines. The core members of the trauma team in high-performing trauma centers are the greatest risk. It is the responsibility of trauma leadership to raise awareness of risk factors, implement standardized assessment tools, and develop strategies to mitigate burnout in employees. The consequences of burnout are devastating to providers' well-being as well as patient safety. Burnout can lead to increased risk of anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and suicide among team members...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107117/burnout-and-stress-among-us-surgery-residents-psychological-distress-and-resilience
#10
Carter C Lebares, Ekaterina V Guvva, Nancy L Ascher, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Hobart W Harris, Elissa S Epel
BACKGROUND: Burnout among physicians affects mental health, performance and patient outcomes. Surgery residency is a high-risk time for burnout. We examined burnout and the psychological characteristics that may contribute to burnout vulnerability and resilience in a group of surgical trainees. STUDY DESIGN: An online survey was distributed in September, 2016, to all ACGME-accredited general surgery programs. Burnout was assessed with an abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105564/assessment-of-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-stress-related-exhaustion-using-the-cognitive-assessment-battery-cab
#11
Susanne Ellbin, Nina Engen, Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir, Arto I K Nordlund
INTRODUCTION: The health care system is facing an increased number of patients seeking care for burnout/stress-related exhaustion. One of the core features of this condition is cognitive impairment-effective and easy tools are needed to assess cognition in this patient group. Our objective was to determine whether the Cognitive Assessment Battery (CAB) could be used for this purpose. METHOD: Ninety-three patients diagnosed with exhaustion disorder (ED) and 111 controls were included in the study and tested with CAB...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105127/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-tertiary-interventions-in-clinical-burnout
#12
Olga Perski, Giorgio Grossi, Aleksander Perski, Maria Niemi
Clinical burnout is one of the leading causes of work absenteeism in high- and middle-income countries. There is hence a great need for the identification of effective intervention strategies to increase return-to-work (RTW) in this population. This review aimed to assess the effectiveness of tertiary interventions for individuals with clinically significant burnout on RTW and psychological symptoms of exhaustion, depression and anxiety. Four electronic databases (Ovid MEDLINE, PsychINFO, PubMed and CINAHL Plus) were searched in April 2016 for randomized and non-randomized controlled trials of tertiary interventions in clinical burnout...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090184/the-glasgow-deep-end-links-worker-study-protocol-a-quasi-experimental-evaluation-of-a-social-prescribing-intervention-for-patients-with-complex-needs-in-areas-of-high-socioeconomic-deprivation
#13
Stewart W Mercer, Bridie Fitzpatrick, Lesley Grant, Nai Rui Chng, Catherine A O'Donnell, Mhairi Mackenzie, Alex McConnachie, Andisheh Bakhshi, Sally Wyke
BACKGROUND: 'Social prescribing' can be used to link patients with complex needs to local (non-medical) community resources. The 'Deep End' Links Worker Programme is being tested in general practices serving deprived populations in Glasgow, Scotland. OBJECTIVES: To assess the implementation and impact of the intervention at patient and practice levels. METHODS: Study design: Quasi-experimental outcome evaluation with embedded theory-driven process evaluation in 15 practices randomized to receive the intervention or not...
2017: Journal of Comorbidity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031320/burnout-and-its-relationship-with-personality-factors-in-oncology-nurses
#14
Emilia I De la Fuente-Solana, José L Gómez-Urquiza, Gustavo R Cañadas, Luis Albendín-García, Elena Ortega-Campos, Guillermo A Cañadas-De la Fuente
PURPOSE: To assess burnout levels in oncology nurses, to evaluate at what stage of burnout suffering they are and to analyze the relationship between burnout with personality factors. METHOD: A quantitative, observational, cross-sectional multicenter study was done. Oncology nurses (n = 101) from the Andalusian Health Service (Andalusia, Spain) were included. The main variables were personality factors, assessed with the NEO-FFI questionnaire, anxiety and depression, assessed with the Educational-Clinical Questionnaire: Anxiety and Depression, and burnout, evaluated with the Maslach Burnout Inventory...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017594/depression-in-medical-students-insights-from-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Vanessa Silva, Patrício Costa, Inês Pereira, Ricardo Faria, Ana P Salgueira, Manuel J Costa, Nuno Sousa, João J Cerqueira, Pedro Morgado
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with depression of medical students are poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of depression in medical students, its change during the course, if depression persists for affected students, what are the factors associated with depression and how these factors change over time. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal observational study was conducted at the Medical School of the University of Minho, Portugal, between academic years 2009-2010 to 2012-2013...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990884/psychosocial-predictors-of-anxiety-in-nursing-home-staff
#16
Laura Gallego-Alberto, Andrés Losada, Carlos Vara, Javier Olazarán, Ruben Muñiz, Karl Pillemer
OBJECTIVES: Although research shows that nursing home staff experience significant levels of stress and burnout, studies analyzing the relationship of psychosocial variables on their feelings of anxiety are scarce. This study aims to analyze the relationship between psychosocial variables and levels of anxiety among staff. METHOD: Participants were 101 nursing home professionals. In addition to anxiety, socio-demographic variables, depersonalization, burden, relationship with families of the residents, and guilt about the care offered to the residents were assessed...
August 23, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979644/-evaluation-of-burnout-syndrome-among-doctors-in-training-at-the-ibn-rochd-university-hospital-casablanca
#17
Assiya El Kettani, Zineb Serhier, Mohammed Bennani Othmani, Mohamed Agoub, Omar Battas
METHODS: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study of a sample of 300 physicians using self-administered questionnaire over the period 2013- 2014. Burnout has been operationally defined through a French translation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). RESULTS: A total of 191 physicians participated in the study (response rate 63.7%) with a female predominance at 79.1% and an average age of 26.7 years (N = 3). The average scores of sub-dimensions of the MBI: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal fulfilment were (33...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971458/anxiety-and-depression-in-staff-of-mental-units-the-role-of-burnout
#18
Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Konstantinos Tsaras, Christos F Kleisiaris, Evangelos C Fradelos, Areti Tsaloglidou, Dimitrios Damigos
One of the most investigated areas is the study of job stress and anxiety and its effects on the professionals' mental health status. The purpose of this study was to research the levels of anxiety and depression in staff that works in mental units and if burnout is related with these mental health parameters. The sample consisted of 217 mental health care professionals from mental health care units of all over Greece. The Greek version of the Symptoms Rating Scale for Depression and Anxiety (SRSDA) questionnaire was used to evaluate the levels of anxiety and depression and the Greek version of Maslach's Burnout Inventory (MBI) were used...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962605/risk-of-psychological-ill-health-and-methods-of-organisational-downsizing-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-four-european-countries
#19
Elena Andreeva, M Harvey Brenner, Töres Theorell, Marcel Goldberg
BACKGROUND: The manner in which organizational downsizing is implemented can make a substantial difference as to whether the exposed workers will suffer from psychological ill health. Surprisingly, little research has directly investigated this issue. We examined the likelihood of psychological ill health associated with strategic and reactive downsizing. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey included 1456 respondents from France, Sweden, Hungary and the United Kingdom: 681 employees in stable workplaces (reference group) and 775 workers from downsized companies...
September 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947882/the-problem-of-fatigue-in-patients-suffering-from-neoplastic-disease
#20
REVIEW
Agnieszka Kolak, Marzena Kamińska, Elwira Wysokińska, Dariusz Surdyka, Dariusz Kieszko, Magdalena Pakieła, Franciszek Burdan
Modern therapeutic management of patients with cancer is associated with many adverse side effects, including fatigue defined as weariness, burnout, lassitude, malaise, apathy, impatience, and/or inability to perform daily activities. It occurs frequently before the diagnosis of cancer and may persist for a long time after the end of cancer therapy. It is a common problem that occurs regardless of the type of cancer and applied therapeutic procedure. The appearance of this symptom significantly affects the quality of life of patients and often reduces the effectiveness of implemented treatment...
2017: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
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