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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779079/preparation-and-adsorption-characteristics-for-heavy-metals-of-active-silicon-adsorbent-from-leaching-residue-of-lead-zinc-tailings
#1
Chang Lei, Bo Yan, Tao Chen, Xian-Ming Xiao
To comprehensively reuse the leaching residue obtained from lead-zinc tailings, an active silicon adsorbent (ASA) was prepared from leaching residue and studied as an adsorbent for copper(II), lead(II), zinc(II), and cadmium(II) in this paper. The ASA was prepared by roasting the leaching residue with either a Na2 CO3 /residue ratio of 0.6:1 at 700 °C for 1 h or a CaCO3 /residue ratio of 0.8:1 at 800 °C for 1 h. Under these conditions, the available SiO2 content of the ASA was more than 20%. The adsorption behaviors of the metal ions onto the ASA were investigated and the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm models were used to analyze the adsorption isotherm...
May 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778047/source-identification-and-spatial-distribution-of-arsenic-and-heavy-metals-in-agricultural-soil-around-hunan-industrial-estate-by-positive-matrix-factorization-model-principle-components-analysis-and-geo-statistical-analysis
#2
Xiaowen Zhang, Shuai Wei, Qianqian Sun, Syed Abdul Wadood, Boli Guo
Characterizing the distribution and defining potential sources of arsenic and heavy metals are the basic preconditions for reducing the contamination of heavy metals and metalloids. 71 topsoil samples and 61 subsoil samples were collected by grid method to measure the concentration of cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni) and chromium (Cr). Principle components analysis (PCA), GIS-based geo-statistical methods and Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) were applied. The results showed that the mean concentrations were 9...
May 16, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774338/trace-metals-in-oysters-molecular-and-cellular-mechanisms-and-ecotoxicological-impacts
#3
REVIEW
Wen-Xiong Wang, Jie Meng, Nanyan Weng
Oysters are important benthic bivalves in coastal and estuarine environments. They are widely farmed due to their rapid growth and taste; they are also widely applied in environmental monitoring of coastal pollution due to their accumulation of contaminants. Most importantly, oysters are among the few marine organisms that are considered to be hyper-accumulators of many toxic metals, such as cadmium, copper and zinc. As such, there is a tremendous call to study the interactions between metals and oysters, especially due to the increasing metal pollution in many coastal and estuarine waters...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772746/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-benzimidazole-derived-biocompatible-copper-ii-and-zinc-ii-complexes-as-anticancer-chemotherapeutics
#4
Mohamed F AlAjmi, Afzal Hussain, Md Tabish Rehman, Azmat Ali Khan, Perwez Alam Shaikh, Rais Ahmad Khan
Herein, we have synthesized and characterized a new benzimidazole-derived "BnI" ligand and its copper(II) complex, [Cu(BnI)₂], 1 , and zinc(II) complex, [Zn(BnI)₂], 2 , using elemental analysis and various spectroscopic techniques. Interaction of complexes 1 and 2 with the biomolecules viz. HSA (human serum albumin) and DNA were studied using absorption titration, fluorescence techniques, and in silico molecular docking studies. The results exhibited the significant binding propensity of both complexes 1 and 2 , but complex 1 showed more avid binding to HSA and DNA...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772714/modulating-chemosensitivity-of-tumors-to-platinum-based-antitumor-drugs-by-transcriptional-regulation-of-copper-homeostasis
#5
REVIEW
Yu-Hsuan Lai, Chin Kuo, Macus Tien Kuo, Helen H W Chen
Platinum (Pt)-based antitumor agents have been effective in treating many human malignancies. Drug importing, intracellular shuffling, and exporting-carried out by the high-affinity copper (Cu) transporter ( hCtr1 ), Cu chaperone (Ato x1), and Cu exporters (ATP7A and ATP7B), respectively-cumulatively contribute to the chemosensitivity of Pt drugs including cisplatin and carboplatin, but not oxaliplatin. This entire system can also handle Pt drugs via interactions between Pt and the thiol-containing amino acid residues in these proteins; the interactions are strongly influenced by cellular redox regulators such as glutathione...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772226/potential-role-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma-activation-on-serum-visfatin-and-trace-elements-in-high-fat-diet-induced-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Arshia Tabassum, Syeda Nuzhat Fatima Zaidi, Kausar Yasmeen, Tabassum Mahboob
AIMS: Electrolytes and trace elements dysregulation play an important role in the progression of obesity and diabetes complications. The present study was designed to evaluate the insulin sensitizing effects of peroxisomes proliferators activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) agonist on trace elements in obesity induced type 2 diabetes mellitus and correlate with serum visfatin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were categorized into five groups. Group I served as control; Group II fed on high fat diet (HFD); Group III fed on HFD and treated with rosiglitazone (3 mg/kg) for 7 days; Group IV were T2DM rats induce by HFD and low dose of streptozotocin (i...
May 14, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767133/intestinal-challenge-with-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-in-pigs-and-nutritional-intervention-to-prevent-postweaning-diarrhea
#7
REVIEW
Yawang Sun, Sung Woo Kim
Gut health of nursery pigs immediately after weaning is tightly associated with their growth performance and economic values. Postweaning diarrhea (PWD) is one of the major concerns related to gut health of nursery pigs which often is caused by infections of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), mainly including F4 (K88)+ and F18+ E. coli. The main virulence factors of ETEC are adhesins (fimbriae or pili) and enterotoxins. The common types of fimbriae on ETEC from PWD pigs are F18+ and F4+ . Typically, PWD in pigs is associated with both F18+ and F4+ ETEC infections whereas pre-weaning diarrhea in pigs is associated with F4+ ETEC infection...
December 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766690/garden-nasturtium-tropaeolum-majus-l-a-source-of-mineral-elements-and-bioactive-compounds
#8
Karolina Jakubczyk, Katarzyna Janda, Katarzyna Watychowicz, Jagoda Łukasiak, Jolanta Wolska
The garden nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus L.) belongs to the family Tropaeolaceae. Native to South America it was brought to Europe in XVI century. It is a plant with numerous healing properties. Medicinal plants such as the garden nasturtium contain trace elements and bioactive compounds which can be easily absorbed by the human body. The flowers and other parts of the garden nasturtium are a good source of micro elements such as potassium, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, and macro elements, especially of zinc, copper and iron...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764200/copper-release-rate-needed-to-inhibit-fouling-on-the-west-coast-of-sweden-and-control-of-copper-release-using-zinc-oxide
#9
J Fredrik Lindgren, Erik Ytreberg, Albin Holmqvist, Magnus Dahlström, Peter Dahl, Mattias Berglin, Anna-Lisa Wrange, Mia Dahlström
How zinc oxide influences copper release has been tested and the lowest release rate of copper from various combinations of copper and zinc in a paint matrix evaluated, whilst still deterring macrofouling, including barnacles and bryozoans. Copper (I) oxide was added to a generic AF paint in 0, 8.5, 11.7 or 16.3 wt% copper oxide in combination with 0, 10 or 20 wt% zinc oxide and applied on PMMA panels. The results show that zinc influences the release rate of copper. When 10 and 20 wt% zinc was added, the total amount of copper released significantly increased by on average 32 and 47% respectively...
May 15, 2018: Biofouling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762106/metal-induction-of-two-metallothionein-genes-in-the-ectomycorrhizal-fungus-suillus-himalayensis-and-their-role-in-metal-tolerance
#10
Tania Kalsotra, Shikha Khullar, Radhika Agnihotri, Mondem Sudhakara Reddy
Metallothioneins (MTs) are small proteins with highly conserved cysteine residues and are involved in metal homeostasis and metal detoxification. Two metallothionein genes ShMT1 and ShMT2 from the ectomycorrhizal fungus Suillus himalayensis were characterised for their potential role in heavy metal detoxification. The response of these MTs to the exogenous concentrations of copper and cadmium was studied by qPCR analysis. The exogenous copper but not the cadmium at the tested concentrations induced the expression of the MT genes...
May 15, 2018: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759248/qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-human-nails-to-find-correlation-between-nutrients-and-vitamin-d-deficiency-using-libs-and-icp-aes
#11
M A Almessiere, R Altuwiriqi, M A Gondal, R K AlDakheel, H F Alotaibi
In this work, we analysed human fingernails of people who suffer from vitamin D deficiency using the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy(LIBS) and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES)techniques. The measurements have been conducted on 71 nail samples collected randomly from volunteers of different genders and ages ranged between 20 and 50 years. The main aim of this study is to find the correlation between vitamin D deficiency and the intensity of some dominated lines in the LIBS spectra...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759206/sequential-injection-system-with-in-line-solid-phase-extraction-and-soil-mini-column-for-determination-of-zinc-and-copper-in-soil-leachates
#12
Justyna Paluch, Raquel B R Mesquita, Víctor Cerdà, Joanna Kozak, Marcin Wieczorek, António O S S Rangel
A sequential injection (SI) system equipped with in-line solid phase extraction column and in-line soil mini-column is proposed for determination of zinc and copper in soil leachates. The spectrophotometric determination (560 nm) is based on the reaction of both analytes with 1-(2-Pyridylazo)-2-naphthol (PAN). Zinc is determined after retaining copper on a cationic resin (Chelex100) whereas copper is determined from the difference of the absorbance measured for both analytes, introduced into the system with the use of a different channel, and zinc absorbance...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758509/potential-health-risks-via-consumption-of-six-edible-shellfish-species-collected-from-piura-peru
#13
I Loaiza, M De Troch, G De Boeck
Scallops and their potential predators were collected in Sechura Bay and in front of the Illescas Reserved Zone (north Peru), during El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) 2016, and analyzed for the metals chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb). This study showed that ~20% of the molluscs exceeded the maximum residual levels (MRLs) for human consumption in inorganic As, while ~30% of the crustaceans did. For Cd, around 10% and 40% of the molluscs and the crustaceans were above the MRLs, respectively...
May 11, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758499/interference-of-three-herbicides-on-iron-acquisition-in-maize-plants
#14
Maria Luce Bartucca, Alessandro Di Michele, Daniele Del Buono
The use of herbicides to control weed species could lead to environmental threats due to their persistence and accumulation in the ecosystems and cultivated fields. Nonetheless, the effect of these compounds on plant mineral nutrition in crops has been barely investigated. This study aimed at ascertaining the effect of three herbicides (S-metolachlor, metribuzin and terbuthylazine) on the capacity of maize to acquire iron (Fe). Interferences on plant growth and reductions on the Fe contents were found in the plants treated...
May 7, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757950/changes-in-arsenic-copper-iron-manganese-and-zinc-levels-resulting-from-the-application-of-poultry-litter-to-agricultural-soils
#15
Richard D Foust, Michael Phillips, Killian Hull, Dariia Yehorova
Twelve applications of poultry litter were made to a 2.1-ha field located in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, United States (USA), between March 1999 and August 2014. The field was planted with bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon ) and used as a pasture on an active farm. Copper, iron, manganese, zinc, and arsenic concentrations in the poultry litter were measured, and the application rates of these metals were calculated. The median application rates were: Cu, 1.32 kg/ha, Fe, 5.57 kg/ha, Mn, 1.80 kg/ha, Zn, 1...
May 14, 2018: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756187/the-formation-of-unsaturated-zones-within-cemented-paste-backfill-mixtures-effects-on-the-release-of-copper-nickel-and-zinc
#16
Roger Hamberg, Christian Maurice, Lena Alakangas
Flooding of cemented paste backfill (CPB) filled mine workings is, commonly, a slow process and could lead to the formation of unsaturated zones within the CPB fillings. This facilitates the oxidation of sulfide minerals and thereby increases the risk of trace metal leaching. Pyrrhotitic tailings from a gold mine (cyanidation tailing (CT)), containing elevated concentrations of nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn), were mixed with cement and/or fly ash (1-3 wt%) to form CT-CPB mixtures. Pyrrhotite oxidation progressed more extensively during unsaturated conditions, where acidity resulted in dissolution of the Ni, Cu, and Zn associated with amorphous Fe precipitates and/or cementitious phases...
May 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752985/hemochromatosis-evaluation-of-the-dietary-iron-model-and-regulation-of-hepcidin
#17
Gautam Rishi, Eriza S Secondes, V Nathan Subramaniam
Our knowledge of iron homeostasis has increased steadily over the last two decades; much of this has been made possible through the study of animal models of iron-related disease. Analysis of transgenic mice with deletions or perturbations in genes known to be involved in systemic or local regulation of iron metabolism has been particularly informative. The effect of these genes on iron accumulation and hepcidin regulation is traditionally compared with wildtype mice fed a high iron diet, most often a 2% carbonyl iron diet...
May 9, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752519/potential-toxic-metal-accumulation-in-soil-forage-and-blood-plasma-of-buffaloes-sampled-from-jhang-pakistan
#18
Zafar Iqbal Khan, Ilker Ugulu, Sara Umar, Kafeel Ahmad, Naunain Mehmood, Asma Ashfaq, Humayun Bashir, Muhammad Sohail
This study was conducted to determine the concentration of toxic metals in soil, forage and blood plasma of lactating and non-lactating buffaloes in the district Jhang, Punjab, Pakistan. Soil samples were collected from varying distances from the road side. Plasma separation was achieved by centrifugation. The concentration of arsenic (As), selenium (Se), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and cobalt (Co) were determined by using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The results of the study showed that the mean As, Se and Cd concentrations in soil samples were lower while Cr, Fe, Zn, Cu and Co were higher than the official guidelines...
May 12, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752110/evaluation-of-nano-hydrogel-composite-based-on-gelatin-ha-cs-suffused-with-asiatic-acid-zno-and-cuo-nanoparticles-for-second-degree-burns
#19
Thanusha A V, Amit Kumar Dinda, Veena Koul
In the present work, a hydrogel platform composed of biopolymer gelatin, and glycosaminoglycan's (Hyaluronic acid and Chondroitin sulfate) incorporated with Asiatic acid (a triterpenoid) and nanoparticles (Zinc oxide and Copper oxide) has been designed and developed to find out the efficacy of healing in second degree burn wounds in Wistar rats. The developed hydrogel composite has been characterized by physico-chemical methods such as; SEM, swelling, mechanical strength, degradation and drug release kinetics...
August 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751626/the-effect-of-different-levels-of-cu-zn-and-mn-nanoparticles-in-hen-turkey-diet-on-the-activity-of-aminopeptidases
#20
Artur Jóźwik, Joanna Marchewka, Nina Strzałkowska, Jarosław Olav Horbańczuk, Małgorzata Szumacher-Strabel, Adam Cieślak, Paulina Lipińska-Palka, Damian Józefiak, Agnieszka Kamińska, Atanas G Atanasov
The aim of the study was to estimate the influence of the different levels of Cu, Zn, and Mn nanoparticles on the activity of aminopeptidases in turkey. An experiment was carried out on 144 turkey hen Hybrid Converter. The birds were divided into groups given standard- and nanoparticle-supplementation of different level of copper (Cu 20, 10, 2 mg/kg), zinc (Zn 100, 50, 10 ppm), and manganese (Mn 100, 50, 10 ppm), covering respectively 100%, 50%, and 10% of the physiological demands for those minerals in the diet...
May 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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