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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092617/supplementation-of-pigs-diet-with-zinc-and-copper-as-alternative-to-conventional-antimicrobials
#1
B Dębski
Modern commercial pig farming systems inflict increased stress in animals, which often leads to various negative changes in the gastro-intestinal tract, especially in the case of piglets. Ban of antibiotics, used as growth promoters, has caused a need for alternatives to conventional antimicrobials in swine diets. Use of pre-/or probiotics, organic acids and plant extracts is often recommended, but it seems that zinc oxide and cooper salts, which were traditionally included in high doses to piglets diet, possess the highest efficacy...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092008/spatio-temporal-variation-of-septage-characteristics-of-a-semi-arid-metropolitan-city-in-a-developing-country
#2
D Krithika, Anu Rachel Thomas, Gomathy R Iyer, Martin Kranert, Ligy Philip
Septage is the solid sludge that accumulates in septic tanks over a period of time. Many of the developing countries in the world face the challenging task of septage management. Due to the high variability in the nature of septage, there is a need to study its physical and chemical characteristics in order to suggest a sustainable treatment methodology. The present study deals with the characterization of septage collected from different locations of Chennai city in India, in two different seasons (summer and winter)...
January 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091884/pre-mining-trace-element-and-radiation-exposure-to-biota-from-a-breccia-pipe-uranium-mine-in-the-grand-canyon-arizona-usa-watershed
#3
Jo Ellen Hinck, Danielle Cleveland, William G Brumbaugh, Greg Linder, Julia Lankton
The risks to wildlife and humans from uranium (U) mining in the Grand Canyon watershed are largely unknown. In addition to U, other co-occurring ore constituents contribute to risks to biological receptors depending on their toxicological profiles. This study characterizes the pre-mining concentrations of total arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se), thallium (Tl), U, and zinc (Zn); radiation levels; and histopathology in biota (vegetation, invertebrates, amphibians, birds, and mammals) at the Canyon Mine...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090410/retrospective-analysis-of-heavy-metal-contamination-in-rhode-island-based-on-old-and-new-herbarium-specimens
#4
Sofia M Rudin, David W Murray, Timothy J S Whitfeld
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Herbarium specimens may provide a record of past environmental conditions, including heavy metal pollution. To explore this potential, we compared concentrations of copper, lead, and zinc in historical and new collections from four sites in Rhode Island, USA. METHODS: We compared historical specimens (1846 to 1916) to congener specimens collected in 2015 at three former industrial sites in Providence, Rhode Island, and one nonindustrial site on Block Island...
January 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081492/hassle-free-synthesis-of-nanodimensional-ni-cu-and-zn-sulfides-for-spectral-sensing-of-hg-cd-and-pb-a-comparative-study
#5
Zarina Ansari, Shib Shankar Singha, Abhijit Saha, Kamalika Sen
A simple room temperature synthesis method of Ni, Cu and Zn sulfide nanoparticles (NPs) in aqueous medium is reported here. The NPs stabilized in aqueous medium by the citrate ions were characterized by UV-vis, ζ potentials, TEM and Raman spectroscopic techniques. The solid NPs could be isolated from the aqueous medium when allowed to stand for a prolonged time (~20h). The solids were also characterized by IR and powder X-ray analysis. The nanoparticles were further used for the development of facile optical sensing and detection of heavy metal ions at trace scale...
January 4, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074227/heavy-metals-in-liver-and-brain-of-waterfowl-from-the-evros-delta-greece
#6
Maria Aloupi, Asimina Karagianni, Savas Kazantzidis, Triantaphyllos Akriotis
The concentrations of six heavy metals (cadmium [Cd], chromium [Cr], copper [Cu], manganese [Mn], lead [Pb], and zinc [Zn]) were determined in liver and brain of nine species of waterfowl from the Evros Delta, one of the most important wetlands in Greece, to assess metal contamination and potential risk to waterfowl. Significant differences among species were found for hepatic Cr, Cu, Pb, and Zn; the highest levels of all metals were found in liver of mute swans. Cd increased significantly with age in both organs of wigeon; some differences were also observed between males and females of the same species...
January 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073603/relationship-between-serum-selenium-sociodemographic-variables-other-trace-elements-and-lipid-profile-in-an-adult-spanish-population
#7
Montserrat González-Estecha, Irene Palazón-Bru, Andrés Bodas-Pinedo, Elena Trasobares, Antonio Palazón-Bru, Manuel Fuentes, M Ángeles Cuadrado-Cenzual, Elpidio Calvo-Manuel
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown an inverse relationship between selenium status and cardiovascular health, although epidemiologic evidence yielded by the randomized trials did not find a beneficial effect of selenium administration. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between serum selenium levels and lipid profile adjusted by age, sex and other associated factors among a general adult population in Spain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 372 hospital employee volunteers (60 men and 312 women) with a mean age of 47 (SD: 10...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072849/analysis-of-the-importance-of-oxides-and-clays-in-cd-cr-cu-ni-pb-and-zn-adsorption-and-retention-with-regression-trees
#8
Juan José González-Costa, Manuel Joaquín Reigosa, José María Matías, Emma Fernández-Covelo
This study determines the influence of the different soil components and of the cation-exchange capacity on the adsorption and retention of different heavy metals: cadmium, chromium, copper, nickel, lead and zinc. In order to do so, regression models were created through decision trees and the importance of soil components was assessed. Used variables were: humified organic matter, specific cation-exchange capacity, percentages of sand and silt, proportions of Mn, Fe and Al oxides and hematite, and the proportion of quartz, plagioclase and mica, and the proportions of the different clays: kaolinite, vermiculite, gibbsite and chlorite...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070864/factors-that-affect-the-content-of-cadmium-nickel-copper-and-zinc-in-tissues-of-the-knee-joint
#9
Wojciech Roczniak, Barbara Brodziak-Dopierała, Elżbieta Cipora, Agata Jakóbik-Kolon, Joanna Kluczka, Magdalena Babuśka-Roczniak
Osteoarthritis causes the degradation of the articular cartilage and periarticular bones. Trace elements influence the growth, development and condition of the bone tissue. Changes to the mineral composition of the bone tissue can cause degenerative changes and fractures. The aim of the research was to determine the content of cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) in the tibia, the femur and the meniscus in men and women who underwent a knee replacement surgery. Samples were collected from 50 patients, including 36 women and 14 men...
January 9, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070530/trace-elements-status-in-sera-of-patients-with-allergic-asthma
#10
Ariaee Nazila, Farid Reza, Shabestari Fahimeh, Shabestari Mohamad, Jabbari Azad Farahzad
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a multifactorial disease and its severity varies with the inflammatory grade. There are conflicting reports about the roles of trace elements in asthma. This study examined the effects of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and selenium (Se) concentrations in sera of patients with allergic asthma attending Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. METHODS: Forty-nine patients, aged 10 to 50 years, with asthma in moderate or severe stages, and 24 healthy controls, were enrolled in this study...
October 2016: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070311/optimization-of-production-and-quality-evaluation-of-maize-based-snack-supplemented-with-soybean-and-tiger-nut-cyperus-esculenta-flour
#11
Olugbenga O Awolu, Olufunmilayo S Omoba, Olumide Olawoye, Modupe Dairo
Optimization of the production and evaluation of the quality of maize-based snack supplemented with soy and tigernut flour was carried out. Experimental design for the composite flour was carried out using optimal design model of response surface methodology. The variables were toasted maize flour (75-85%), soy flour (10-20%), and tigernut flour (5-10%); while the responses were proximate composition and mineral contents. Three blends were selected from optimization results; runs 2, 7, and 11. The functional properties, pasting properties, antioxidant, antinutritional, and amino acid profile of the three blends were evaluated...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067393/longitudinal-assessment-of-metal-concentrations-and-copper-isotope-ratios-in-the-g93a-sod1-mouse-model-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#12
T Gabriel Enge, Heath Ecroyd, Dianne F Jolley, Justin J Yerbury, Anthony Dosseto
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a motor neuron disease, which involves progressive motor neuron degeneration in the central nervous system (CNS). The G93A SOD1 mouse model simulates one of the most common causes of familial ALS through the overexpression of a mutated form of the human gene encoding copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1). Transition metals, particularly Cu and Zn, have been shown to behave abnormally in the disease context and have been hypothesized to contribute to and potentially trigger the disease...
January 9, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063950/dietary-alpha-linolenic-acid-linoleic-acid-ratios-modulate-immune-response-physical-barrier-and-related-signaling-molecules-mrna-expression-in-the-gills-of-juvenile-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#13
Yun-Yun Zeng, Lin Feng, Wei-Dan Jiang, Yang Liu, Pei Wu, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou
This study was conducted to explore the possible effects of dietary ALA/LNA ratios on the gill immunity, tight junction and antioxidant capacity, and the related signaling factor mRNA levels of juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Fish were fed diets with different ALA/LNA ratios (0.01, 0.34, 0.68, 1.03, 1.41, 1.76 and 2.15) for 60 days. The present results showed that ALA/LNA ratio of 1.03 significantly enhanced lysozyme and acid phosphatase activities, complement 3 contents, promoted mRNA levels of antimicrobial peptides (Hepcidin and liver expression antimicrobial peptide-2), anti-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 10 and transforming growth factor β1) and inhibitor protein κBα, whereas suppressed pro-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 1β, interleukin 8, tumor necrosis factor a and interferon γ2), and signal molecules (IκB kinase β, IκB kines γ and nuclear factor κB p65) mRNA levels in the gill, indicating that optimal dietary ALA/LNA ratio improve gill immunity of juvenile fish...
January 4, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063745/canine-copper-associated-hepatitis
#14
REVIEW
Karen Dirksen, Hille Fieten
Copper-associated hepatitis is recognized with increasing frequency in dogs. The disease is characterized by centrolobular hepatic copper accumulation, leading to hepatitis and eventually cirrhosis. The only way to establish the diagnosis is by histologic assessment of copper distribution and copper quantification in a liver biopsy. Treatment with the copper chelator d-penicillamine is the most commonly used treatment. In addition, a low-copper/high-zinc diet can help prevent accumulation or reaccumulation of hepatic copper...
January 5, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061974/the-role-of-elements-in-anxiety
#15
K Młyniec, M Gaweł, U Doboszewska, G Starowicz, G Nowak
Elements (bioelements) are necessary factors required for the physiological function of organisms. They are critically involved in fundamental processes of life. Extra- and intracellular message and metabolic pathway factors as well as structural components include one or many elements in their functional structure. Recent years have seen an intensification in terms of knowledge gained about the roles of elements in anxiety disorders. In this chapter we present a review of the most important current data concerning the involvement of zinc, magnesium, copper, lithium, iron, and manganese, and their deficiency, in the pathophysiology and treatment of anxiety...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059470/levels-of-heavy-metals-and-their-binding-protein-metallothionein-in-type-2-diabetics-with-kidney-disease
#16
Martina Raudenska, Veronika Dvorakova, Lukas Pacal, Katarina Chalasova, Monika Kratochvilova, Jaromir Gumulec, Branislav Ruttkay-Nedecky, Ondrej Zitka, Katerina Kankova, Vojtech Adam, Michal Masarik
Hyperglycemia, a major metabolic disturbance present in diabetes, promotes oxidative stress. Activation of antioxidant defense is an important mechanism to prevent cell damage. Levels of heavy metals and their binding proteins can contribute to oxidative stress. Antiradical capacity and levels of metallothionein (MT), metals (zinc and copper), and selected antioxidants (bilirubin, cysteine, and glutathione) were determined in 70 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects and 80 healthy subjects of Caucasian origin...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058666/analysis-of-trace-elements-in-rat-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-by-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#17
Wajhul Qamar, Abdul Rahman Al-Ghadeer, Raisuddin Ali, Hatem A Abuelizz
The main objective was to determine the elemental profile of the lung lining fluid of rats which are used as model animals in various experiments. Lung lining fluid elemental constitution obtained after bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) to determine the biological trace elements along with calcium and magnesium. BALF was collected from healthy rats using a tracheal cannula. However, cells in BALF were counted to monitor any underlying inflammatory lung condition...
January 5, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057574/a-proteomic-approach-to-identify-metalloproteins-and-metal-binding-proteins-in-liver-from-diabetic-rats
#18
Camila Pereira Braga, José Cavalcante Souza Vieira, Ryan A Grove, Cory H T Boone, Aline de Lima Leite, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Ana Angélica Henrique Fernandes, Jiri Adamec, Pedro de Magalhaes Padilha
Proteins play crucial roles in biological systems, thus studies comparing the protein pattern present in a healthy sample with an affected sample have been widely used for disease biomarker discovery. Although proteins containing metal ions constitute only a small proportion of the proteome, they are essential in a multitude of structural and functional processes. The correct association between metal ions and proteins is essential because this binding can significantly interfere with normal protein function...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054665/overproduction-of-superoxide-dismutase-and-catalase-confers-cassava-resistance-to-tetranychus-cinnabarinus
#19
Fuping Lu, Xiao Liang, Hui Lu, Qian Li, Qing Chen, Peng Zhang, Kaimian Li, Guanghua Liu, Wei Yan, Jiming Song, Chunfang Duan, Linhui Zhang
To explore the role of protective enzymes in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) resistance to mites, transgenic cassava lines overproducing copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (MeCu/ZnSOD) and catalase (MeCAT1) were used to evaluate and molecularly confirm cassava resistance to Tetranychus cinnabarinus. Laboratory evaluation demonstrated that, compared with the control cultivar TMS60444 (wild type, WT), the survival, reproduction, development and activities of SOD and CAT in T. cinnabarinus feeding on transgenic cassava lines SC2, SC4, and SC11 significantly inhibited...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050624/toxicity-assessment-of-binary-metal-mixtures-copper-zinc-to-nitrification-in-soilless-culture-with-the-extended-biotic-ligand-model
#20
Aiju Liu, JinXin Li, Menghong Li, Xiao Yin Niu, Jun Wang
Metals are always found in the environment as mixtures rather than as solitary elements. Only a limited number of studies have developed appropriate models that incorporate bioavailability to estimate the toxicity of heavy-metal mixtures. In the present study, we explored the applicability of two extended biotic ligand model (BLM) approaches-BLM-f mix and BLM-toxicity unit (TU)-to predict and interpret mixture toxicity with the assumption that interactions between metal ions obey the BLM theory. Exposure assays of single and mixed metals were performed with inoculums of an ammonia-oxidizing bacterium SD5 isolated from soil...
January 3, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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