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"Problem gambling" & "mental health"

S N Rodda, V Manning, N A Dowling, S J Lee, D I Lubman
Despite high rates of comorbidity between problem gambling and mental health disorders, few studies have examined barriers or facilitators to the implementation of screening for problem gambling in mental health services. This exploratory qualitative study identified key themes associated with screening in mental health services. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 30 clinicians and managers from 11 mental health services in Victoria, Australia. Major themes and subthemes were identified using qualitative content analysis...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
Dominic Sagoe, Ståle Pallesen, Daniel Hanss, Tony Leino, Helge Molde, Rune A Mentzoni, Torbjørn Torsheim
There is a paucity of longitudinal investigations of gambling behavior in the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood. We conducted a longitudinal investigation of the associations and patterns of change between mental health symptoms and gambling behavior. A representative sample of Norwegians completed questionnaires containing demographic, mental health, and gambling measures at age 17 (N = 2055), and at ages 18 (N = 1334) and 19 (N = 1277). Using latent class analysis, three classes of gambling behavior were identified: consistent non-gambling (71...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Elina A Stefanovics, Marc N Potenza, Robert H Pietrzak
This study aimed to examine associations between gambling level and clinically relevant measures, including psychiatric disorders and suicidality, in a nationally representative sample of U.S. veterans. Data on 3157 U.S. veterans were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Chi square tests and analyses of variance were used to assess associations between gambling level, and demographic, military, and personality characteristics. Multinomial logistic regressions using stepwise selection were used to identify independent correlates of recreational gambling and at-risk/problem gambling (ARPG)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
Sean Cowlishaw, Lone Gale, Alison Gregory, Jim McCambridge, David Kessler
BACKGROUND: Primary care is an important context for addressing health-related behaviours, and may provide a setting for identification of gambling problems. AIM: To indicate the extent of gambling problems among patients attending general practices, and explore settings or patient groups that experience heightened vulnerability. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of patients attending 11 general practices in Bristol, South West England...
April 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Leanne M Casey, Tian P S Oei, Namrata Raylu, Katherine Horrigan, Jamin Day, Michael Ireland, Bonnie A Clough
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of an Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy program (I-CBT) for the treatment of problem gambling, when compared to a waitlist control and an active comparison condition consisting of monitoring, feedback, and support (I-MFS). Participants (N = 174) were randomly allocated to the three conditions. Variables of interest were gambling outcome and related mental health measures. Participants in the active conditions (I-CBT and I-MFS) completed six online modules...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
Barry Tolchard
BACKGROUND: Problem gambling is a growing concern as governments become more reliant on gambling revenue particularly from increases in gambling casinos. It is widely reported that problem gamblers experience both high levels of comorbid mental health issues and subsequent disability that comes with such. To date, there have been few measures tested with problem gamblers that are a good measure of this disability. The Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) is a five-item measure of disability, which is used widely in a number of clinical settings including gambling...
October 2016: Journal of Addictions Nursing
Mark van der Maas, Robert E Mann, John McCready, Flora I Matheson, Nigel E Turner, Hayley A Hamilton, Tracy Schrans, Anca Ialomiteanu
As older adults continue to make up a greater proportion of the Canadian population, it becomes more important to understand the implications that their leisure activities have for their physical and mental health. Gambling, in particular, is a form of leisure that is becoming more widely available and has important implications for the mental health and financial well-being of older adults. This study examines a large sample (2103) of casino-going Ontarian adults over the age of 55 and identifies those features of their gambling participation that are associated with problem gambling...
January 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Edward B McNeil, Nopporn Tantirangsee, Phunnapa Kittirattanapaiboon
Background and aims To estimate the prevalence of problem and pathological gambling, gender and age-group differences in gambling types, and comorbidities with other psychiatric disorders among the Thai general population. Methods Analysis was conducted on 4,727 participants of Thailand's 2013 National Mental Health Survey, a multistage stratified cluster survey, using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Diagnoses of problem and pathological gambling and other psychiatric disorders were based on the DSM-IV-TR criteria with the following additional criteria for gamblers: more than 10 lifetime gambling episodes and a single year loss of at least 365 USD from gambling...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Sara J T Guilcher, Sarah Hamilton-Wright, Wayne Skinner, Julia Woodhall-Melnik, Peter Ferentzy, Aklilu Wendaferew, Stephen W Hwang, Flora I Matheson
BACKGROUND: Problem gambling and homelessness are recognized as important public health concerns that significantly impact individuals, their friends and families, communities and broader society. We aimed to explore the experiences with health and social services of men who had histories of problem gambling and housing instability in Toronto, Ontario. METHODS: We used a community-based participatory approach with a multi-service agency serving low-income individuals...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Robert J Williams, Yale D Belanger, S Yvonne Prusak
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of gambling and problem gambling in urban Aboriginals in the Canadian Prairie provinces and to determine the predictors of problem gambling. METHOD: In total, 1114 Aboriginals living in 15 cities in Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba were recruited via posters and direct solicitation at Native Friendship Centres, shopping malls, and other locations where Aboriginals congregated. They each completed a self-administered 5- to 10-minute survey...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
John A Cunningham, David C Hodgins, Kylie Bennett, Anthony Bennett, Marina Talevski, Corey S Mackenzie, Christian S Hendershot
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity between problem gambling and depression or anxiety is common. Further, the treatment needs of people with co-occurring gambling and mental health symptoms may be different from those of problem gamblers who do not have a co-occurring mental health concern. The current randomized controlled trial (RCT) will evaluate whether there is a benefit to providing access to mental health Internet interventions (G + MH intervention) in addition to an Internet intervention for problem gambling (G-only intervention) in participants with gambling problems who do or do not have co-occurring mental health symptoms...
July 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
Wendy Lane, Paul Sacco, Katherine Downton, Emilie Ludeman, Lauren Levy, J Kathleen Tracy
This study systematically reviews research on child maltreatment and risk of gambling problems in adulthood. It also reviews adult problem gamblers' risk of abusing or neglecting their own children. Multiple database searches were conducted using pre-defined search terms related to gambling and child abuse and neglect. We identified 601 unique references and excluded studies if they did not report original research, or did not specifically measure child maltreatment or gambling. Twelve studies that included multivariable analysis of childhood maltreatment exposure and problem gambling were identified...
August 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
N A Dowling, K Shandley, E Oldenhof, G J Youssef, S A Thomas, E Frydenberg, A C Jackson
The present study investigated the intergenerational transmission of problem gambling and the potential mediating role of parental psychopathology (problem drinking, drug use problems, and mental health issues). The study comprised 3953 participants (1938 males, 2015 females) recruited from a large-scale Australian community telephone survey of adults retrospectively reporting on parental problem gambling and psychopathology during their childhood. Overall, 4.0% [95%CI 3.0, 5.0] (n=157) of participants reported paternal problem gambling and 1...
August 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Magali Dufour, Noël Nguyen, Karine Bertrand, Michel Perreault, Didier Jutras-Aswad, Adèle Morvannou, Julie Bruneau, Djamal Berbiche, Élise Roy
Cocaine use is highly prevalent and a major public health problem. While some studies have reported frequent comorbidity problems among cocaine users, few studies have included evaluation of gambling problems. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of gambling problems and compare those who were at-risk gamblers with non-problem gamblers in terms of mental health problems, substance use problems, and some risk factors (i.e. family antecedents, erroneous perceptions and coping strategies) among individuals who smoke or inject cocaine...
September 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
Joël Billieux, Sophia Achab, Jean-Félix Savary, Olivier Simon, Frédéric Richter, Daniele Zullino, Yasser Khazaal
AIMS: To provide an overview of gambling and problem gambling in Switzerland, including historical aspects, past and current legislation and policies, treatment options and the research base. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on two databases (PubMed and PsycINFO), and official government and statistical reports selected from the official websites of four sources (Federal Office of Justice; Federal Gambling Board; Federal Office of Statistics; Swiss Lottery and Betting Board)...
September 2016: Addiction
David C Hodgins, Alice Holub
This study examined the structure of impulsivity within gambling disorder. A group of 51 men and 53 women with gambling disorder completed self-report and behavioral measures of impulsivity. Principal component analyses found two factors. The first was interpreted as measuring trait impulsivity. This factor correlated with problem gambling severity, presence of comorbid mental health and substance use disorders, history of brain injury, and was higher in Aboriginal participants. The second factor had high loadings on the self-reported sensation-seeking scales and the behavioural measures of response impulsivity...
2015: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Nerilee Hing, Alex M T Russell, Sally M Gainsbury, Elaine Nuske
Problem gambling attracts considerable public stigma, with deleterious effects on mental health and use of healthcare services amongst those affected. However, no research has examined the extent of stigma towards problem gambling within the general population. This study aimed to examine the stigma-related dimensions of problem gambling as perceived by the general public compared to other health conditions, and determine whether the publicly perceived dimensions of problem gambling predict its stigmatisation...
September 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
Sean Cowlishaw, David Kessler
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Research indicates that rates of gambling problems are increasing in the UK, but has provided limited consideration of possible implications for individuals, families and communities. This study examines the associations involving problem gambling and indicators of mental and physical health, as well as psychosocial adjustment and health care usage, in a representative sample from England. METHODS: Data were derived from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey, which is a representative study of adults (n = 7,403)...
2016: European Addiction Research
Kathryn J Gill, Laura M Heath, Jeffrey Derevensky, Jill Torrie
A detailed survey of gambling, addiction and mental health was conducted with randomly selected respondents (n = 506) from four Cree communities of Northern Quebec. The study examined the current patterns of gambling in relation to demographic, social, and psychological factors. Instruments included the Canadian Problem Gambling Index, Addiction Severity Index, Beck Depression Inventory and the computerized Diagnostic Interview Schedule for psychiatric diagnoses. Overall, 69.2 % of the total sample participated in any gambling/gaming activities over the past year; 20...
June 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
A Blaszczynski, A Russell, S Gainsbury, N Hing
Although high rates of problem gambling have been identified among Internet gamblers, most studies have failed to identify the relative contribution of multiple forms of gambling as opposed to the exclusive participation in online forms. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in mental health status in exclusive online, exclusive land-based, and mixed Internet and land-based samples of gamblers drawn from the general population. A sample of 4594 respondents completing an online survey were categorised as exclusive online, land-based and mixed form gamblers...
March 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
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