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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092727/sitting-ducks-face-chronic-disease-an-analysis-of-newspaper-coverage-of-sedentary-behaviour-as-a-health-issue-in-australia-2000-2012
#1
Josephine Y Chau, Catriona Bonfiglioli, Amy Zhong, Zeljko Pedisic, Michelle Daley, Bronwyn McGill, Adrian Bauman
Issue addressed: This study examines how sedentary behaviour (too much sitting) was covered as a health issue by Australian newspapers and how physical activity was framed within this newspaper coverage.Methods: Articles featuring sedentary behaviour published in Australian newspapers between 2000 and 2012 were analysed for content and framing. Main outcome measures were volume, number and content of newspaper articles; framing and types of sedentary behaviour; responsibility for the problem of and solutions to high levels of sedentary behaviour; and physical activity mentions and how it was framed within sedentary behaviour coverage...
January 12, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087960/retention-of-knowledge-following-training-of-students-in-basic-trauma-life-support
#2
K G Lim, S K Lum, I A S Burud
INTRODUCTION: In the course of their undergraduate training at the International Medical University, students receive a Basic Trauma Life Support course. OBJECTIVE: We wanted to test the long-term retention of knowledge (after 16 months) of third year medical students who had received training in Basic Trauma Life Support Method: To assess the retention of knowledge one cohort of students who received the training course were tested again 16 months later using the same 30 question One Best Answer quiz...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087813/ethnic-differences-in-anthropometric-measures-and-abdominal-fat-distribution-a-cross-sectional-pooled-study-in-inuit-africans-and-europeans
#3
Pernille F Rønn, Gregers S Andersen, Torsten Lauritzen, Dirk L Christensen, Mette Aadahl, Bendix Carstensen, Marit E Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Ethnic variation in abdominal fat distribution may explain differences in cardiometabolic risk between populations. However, the ability of anthropometric measures to quantify abdominal fat is not clearly understood across ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between anthropometric measures and visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAT) in Inuit, Africans and Europeans. METHODS: We combined cross-sectional data from 3 studies conducted in Greenland, Kenya and Denmark using similar methodology...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081581/differences-in-gene-expression-and-gene-associations-in-epicardial-fat-compared-to-subcutaneous-fat
#4
J Yim, S W Rabkin
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) plays a role in cardiac physiology and may contribute to the development of coronary artery disease. Our objective was to determine whether there was a significant difference in gene expression in EAT compared to subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and to identify potential relationships. MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched using the key terms "Epicardial Adipose Tissue" or "Epicardial Fat" in combination with "RNA", "mRNA", or "gene". The entry criteria were studies that presented primary data including expression levels of mRNA in human EAT compared with SAT and an expression of variance (SD)...
January 12, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081566/a-novel-phytophthora-sojae-resistance-rps12-gene-mapped-to-a-genomic-region-that-contains-several-rps-genes
#5
Dipak K Sahoo, Nilwala S Abeysekara, Silvia R Cianzio, Alison E Robertson, Madan K Bhattacharyya
Phytophthora sojae Kaufmann and Gerdemann, which causes Phytophthora root rot, is a widespread pathogen that limits soybean production worldwide. Development of Phytophthora resistant cultivars carrying Phytophthora resistance Rps genes is a cost-effective approach in controlling this disease. For this mapping study of a novel Rps gene, 290 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) (F7 families) were developed by crossing the P. sojae resistant cultivar PI399036 with the P. sojae susceptible AR2 line, and were phenotyped for responses to a mixture of three P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077863/what-have-human-experimental-overfeeding-studies-taught-us-about-adipose-tissue-expansion-and-susceptibility-to-obesity-and-metabolic-complications
#6
REVIEW
D J Cuthbertson, T Steele, J P Wilding, J C G Halford, J A Harrold, M Hamer, F Karpe
Overfeeding experiments, in which we impose short-term positive energy balance, help unravel the cellular, physiological and behavioural adaptations to nutrient excess. These studies mimic longer-term mismatched energy expenditure and intake. There is considerable inter-individual heterogeneity in the magnitude of weight gain when exposed to similar relative caloric excess reflecting variable activation of compensatory adaptive mechanisms. Significantly, given similar relative weight gain, individuals may be protected from/predisposed to metabolic complications (insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia, hypertension), non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075222/expression-of-myd88-in-adipose-tissue-of-obese-people-is-there-some-role-in-the-development-of-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Ada M Cuevas, Mariana Lazo, Isabel Zuñiga, Fernando Carrasco, Jim J Potter, Veronica Alvarez, Marcos Berry, Fernando Maluenda, Mario Ferrario, Jeanne M Clark
BACKGROUND: The mechanism leading to the development of metabolic complications in obese individuals is not fully understood. Thus, the objective of this study was to examine differences in insulin resistance, inflammation, cytokine and adipokine levels, and expression of selected genes across obese individuals with different number of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components. METHODS: Forty obese individuals who underwent bariatric surgery, divided in three groups based on the number of components of MetS, in addition to abdominal obesity (0, 1, and 2-3 additional components), were studied...
January 11, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073779/glucose-dependent-insulinotropic-polypeptide-promotes-lipid-deposition-in-subcutaneous-adipocytes-in-obese-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-maladaptive-response
#8
Sravan K Thondam, Christina Daousi, John P H Wilding, Jens J Holst, Gulizar I Ameen, Chenjing Yang, Catherine Whitmore, Silvia Mora, Daniel J Cuthbertson
: Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) beyond its insulinotropic effects may regulate post-prandial lipid metabolism. While the insulinotropic action of GIP is known to be impaired in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), its adipogenic effect is unknown. We hypothesised GIP is anabolic in human subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) promoting triacylglycerol (TAG) deposition through re-esterification of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and this effect may differ according to obesity status or glucose tolerance...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073639/association-between-volume-and-glucose-metabolism-of-abdominal-adipose-tissue-in-healthy-population
#9
Hyun Woo Kwon, Sang Mi Lee, Jeong Won Lee, Jung-Eun Oh, Se-Whan Lee, Shin Young Kim
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association of adipose tissue volume and metabolic activity with cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: 232 healthy subjects (43.23±4.09y) having (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) results were included. Clinical information, anthropometry and laboratory results were obtained. Volume and metabolic activity of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) was obtained from FDG PET/CT...
January 7, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072513/synthesis-of-graphene-oxide-based-sulphonated-oligoanilines-coatings-for-synergistically-enhanced-corrosion-protection-in-3-5-nacl-solution
#10
Hao Lu, Shengtao Zhang, Weihua Li, Yanan Cui, Tao Yang
As a vital derivative of graphene, graphene oxide (GO) is widely applied in various fields, such as transparent electrodes, solar cells, energy storage and corrosion protection due to the large specific surface area and abundant active sites. However, compared with graphene, the application of GO has been less reported in metal corrosion protection field. Therefore, in our study, 3-aminobenzenesulfonic acid (m-ABSA) was selected to combine with oligoanilines to fabricate the GO-based sulphonated oligoanilines coatings for marine corrosion protection application...
January 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071854/serum-chemerin-is-associated-with-inflammatory-and-metabolic-parameters-results-of-a-population-based-study
#11
Stephanie Zylla, Maik Pietzner, Jens-Peter Kühn, Henry Völzke, Marcus Dörr, Matthias Nauck, Nele Friedrich
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to confirm existing assumptions about the associations of circulating chemerin with inflammatory and metabolic parameters in a large population-based study. METHODS: Data of 3,986 subjects from the Study of Health in Pomerania were analyzed. Residual method was used to investigate the different associations of visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) with serum chemerin levels. Multivariable regression models were applied to examine the association of chemerin with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, glucose, glycated hemoglobin, lipid profile, blood pressure, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension...
January 10, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068165/physiological-and-perceived-effects-of-forearm-or-head-cooling-during-simulated-firefighting-activity-and-rehabilitation
#12
Susan Yeargin, Amy L McKenzie, Lindsey E Eberman, J Derek Kingsley, David J Dziedzicki, Patrick Yoder
CONTEXT:  Cooling devices aim to protect firefighters by attenuating a rise in body temperature. Devices for head cooling (HC) while firefighting and forearm cooling (FC) during rehabilitation (RHB) intervals are commonly marketed, but research regarding their efficacy is limited. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the physiological and perceived effects of HC and FC during firefighting drills and RHB. DESIGN:  Randomized controlled clinical trial...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058238/sedentary-behavior-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-on-leukocyte-telomere-length
#13
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: Emerging work is starting to investigate the cumulative effects of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), sedentary behavior and cardiorespiratory fitness on health. The objective of this study was to examine the cumulative and independent associations of MVPA, sedentary behavior and cardiorespiratory fitness on leukocyte telomere length (LTL). Methods: Data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used (N = 1868 adults 20+ years); analyzed in 2016...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054923/descriptive-longitudinal-study-results-applied-to-statistical-models-to-assess-the-impact-of-early-microbiological-cultures-on-the-economic-burden-of-treatment-for-infected-diabetic-foot-ulcers-at-a-mexican-public-health-facility
#14
Luz-Ma-Adriana Balderas-Peña, Daniel Sat-Muñoz, Rosa-Emilia Ramírez-Conchas, Moisés-Roberto Alvarado-Iñiguez, Javier-Eduardo García-de-Alba-García, Eduardo Cruz-Corona, José-Luis Chávez-Hurtado, José-Martín Chagollán-Ramírez
Infection plays a critical role in health care and impacts the cost of the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). To examine the cost reduction associated with the multidisciplinary treatment of infected DFU (IDFU) by obtaining early (ie, within 48 hours of admission) microbiological culture results, a descriptive, longitudinal study was conducted. Data were collected prospectively from patient medical charts of a cohort of 67 patients (mean age, 56.14 ± 12.3 years; mean duration of diabetes, 14.95 ± 8 years) with IDFU treated at a Mexican public health facility from January 1 to April 30, 2010...
December 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047598/su-f-j-158-respiratory-motion-resolved-self-gated-4d-mri-using-rotating-cartesian-k-space-sampling
#15
F Han, Z Zhou, Y Yang, K Sheng, P Hu
PURPOSE: Dynamic MRI has been used to quantify respiratory motion of abdominal organs in radiation treatment planning. Many existing 4D-MRI methods based on 2D acquisitions suffer from limited slice resolution and additional stitching artifacts when evaluated in 3D(1) . To address these issues, we developed a 4D-MRI (3D dynamic) technique with true 3D k-space encoding and respiratory motion self-gating. METHODS: The 3D k-space was acquired using a Rotating Cartesian K-space (ROCK) pattern, where the Cartesian grid was reordered in a quasi-spiral fashion with each spiral arm rotated using golden angle(2) ...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046040/impact-of-pre-analytical-time-on-the-recovery-of-pathogens-from-blood-cultures-results-from-a-large-retrospective-survey
#16
Claudia Venturelli, Elena Righi, Lucia Borsari, Gabriella Aggazzotti, Stefano Busani, Cristina Mussini, Fabio Rumpianesi, Gian Maria Rossolini, Massimo Girardis
BACKGROUND: Prompt identification of bloodstream pathogens is essential for optimal management of patients. Significant changes in analytical methods have improved the turnaround time for laboratory diagnosis. Less attention has been paid to the time elapsing from blood collection to incubation and to its potential effect on recovery of pathogens. We evaluated the performance of blood cultures collected under typical hospital conditions in relation to the length of their pre-analytical time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046024/chest-fat-quantification-via-ct-based-on-standardized-anatomy-space-in-adult-lung-transplant-candidates
#17
Yubing Tong, Jayaram K Udupa, Drew A Torigian, Dewey Odhner, Caiyun Wu, Gargi Pednekar, Scott Palmer, Anna Rozenshtein, Melissa A Shirk, John D Newell, Mary Porteous, Joshua M Diamond, Jason D Christie, David J Lederer
PURPOSE: Overweight and underweight conditions are considered relative contraindications to lung transplantation due to their association with excess mortality. Yet, recent work suggests that body mass index (BMI) does not accurately reflect adipose tissue mass in adults with advanced lung diseases. Alternative and more accurate measures of adiposity are needed. Chest fat estimation by routine computed tomography (CT) imaging may therefore be important for identifying high-risk lung transplant candidates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045334/design-and-validation-of-a-three-instrument-toolkit-for-the-assessment-of-competence-in-electrocardiogram-rhythm-recognition
#18
José M Hernández-Padilla, José Granero-Molina, Verónica V Márquez-Hernández, Fiona Suthers, Olga M López-Entrambasaguas, Cayetano Fernández-Sola
BACKGROUND: Rapid and accurate interpretation of cardiac arrhythmias by nurses has been linked with safe practice and positive patient outcomes. Although training in electrocardiogram rhythm recognition is part of most undergraduate nursing programmes, research continues to suggest that nurses and nursing students lack competence in recognising cardiac rhythms. In order to promote patient safety, nursing educators must develop valid and reliable assessment tools that allow the rigorous assessment of this competence before nursing students are allowed to practise without supervision...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043896/marrow-adipose-tissue-composition-in-adults-with-morbid-obesity
#19
Elaine W Yu, Logan Greenblatt, Alireza Eajazi, Martin Torriani, Miriam A Bredella
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have increased fracture risk despite normal or increased bone mineral density (BMD). Elevations in marrow adipose tissue (MAT) and declines in MAT unsaturation are both associated with increased skeletal fragility. The objective of our study was to characterize the quantity and composition of MAT in adults with morbid obesity and T2DM, and to evaluate determinants of MAT. We studied 21 adults with morbid obesity prior to bariatric surgery, 8 of whom had T2DM. All subjects underwent 1H-MR spectroscopy of the lumbar spine and femur for assessment of MAT and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and quantitative computed tomography (QCT) of the lumbar spine and hip for assessment of areal BMD (aBMD) and volumetric BMD (vBMD)...
December 30, 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038777/facile-synthesis-of-novel-substituted-aryl-thiazole-sat-analogs-via-one-pot-multi-component-reaction-as-potent-cytotoxic-agents-against-cancer-cell-lines
#20
Salma Mirza, Syeda Asma Naqvi, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Uzma Salar, M Iqbal Choudhary
In this study, twenty-five (25) substituted aryl thiazoles (SAT) 1-25 were synthesized, and their in vitro cytotoxicity was evaluated against four cancer cell lines, MCF-7 (ER(+ve) breast), MDA-MB-231 (ER(-ve) breast), HCT116 (colorectal) and HeLa (cervical). The activity was compared with the standard anticancer drug doxorubicin (IC50=1.56±0.05μM). Among them, compounds 1, 4-8, and 19 were found to be toxic to all four cancer cell lines (IC50 values 5.37±0.56-46.72±1.80μM). Compound 20 was selectively active against MCF7 breast cancer cells with IC50 of 40...
December 21, 2016: Bioorganic Chemistry
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