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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816922/nil-whey-protein-effect-on-glycaemic-control-after-intense-mixed-mode-training-in-t2d
#1
Kim A Gaffney, Adam Lucero, Lee Stoner, James Faulkner, Patricia Whitfield, Jeremy Krebs, David S Rowlands
While intense endurance and resistance exercise training and whey protein supplementation have both been shown to independently improve glycaemic control, no known studies have examined the effect of high-intensity mixed-mode interval training (MMIT) and whey supplementation in adults with Type-2 diabetes (T2D). PURPOSE: To determine if peri-training whey protein supplementation combined with MMIT can improve glycaemic control. METHODS: In a double-blind randomised controlled trial, 24 men (55...
August 14, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816561/editorial
#2
Laura Schmalzl, Sat Bir Singh Khalsa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814736/emotions-alter-muscle-proprioceptive-coding-of-movements-in-humans
#3
Rochelle Ackerley, Jean-Marc Aimonetti, Edith Ribot-Ciscar
Emotions can evoke strong reactions that have profound influences, from gross changes in our internal environment to small fluctuations in facial muscles, and reveal our feelings overtly. Muscles contain proprioceptive afferents, informing us about our movements and regulating motor activities. Their firing reflects changes in muscle length, yet their sensitivity can be modified by the fusimotor system, as found in animals. In humans, the sensitivity of muscle afferents is modulated by cognitive processes, such as attention; however, it is unknown if emotional processes can modulate muscle feedback...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813003/self-assessment-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-primary-care-self-reported-practice-using-the-target-primary-care-self-assessment-tool
#4
Rebecca Owens, Leah Ffion Jones, Michael Moore, Dirk Pilat, Cliodna McNulty
Multifaceted antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions including: antibiotic guidance, reviews of antibiotic use using audits, education, patient facing materials, and self-assessment, are successful in improving antimicrobial use. We aimed to measure the self-reported AMS activity of staff completing a self-assessment tool (SAT). The Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP)/Public Health England (PHE) SAT enables participants considering an AMS eLearning course to answer 12 short questions about their AMS activities...
August 16, 2017: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812453/ergonomic-evaluation-of-a-new-truck-seat-design-a-field-study
#5
Michelle Cardoso, Fred Fulton, Colin McKinnon, Jack P Callaghan, Michel J Johnson, Wayne J Albert
A postural evaluation of commercial licensed truck drivers was conducted to determine the ergonomic benefits of a truck seat prototype in comparison to an Industry standard seat. Twenty commercially licensed truck drivers were recruited to perform a 90-min driving task. Postures were assessed using accelerometers and a backrest and seat pan pressure mapping system. Subjective discomfort measurements were monitored using two questionnaires: ratings of perceived discomfort (RPD) and the automotive seating discomfort questionnaire (ASDQ)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810853/acute-effects-of-reducing-sitting-time-in-adolescents-a-randomized-cross-over-study
#6
Anisse Penning, Anthony D Okely, Stewart G Trost, Jo Salmon, Dylan P Cliff, Marijka Batterham, Steven Howard, Anne-Maree Parrish
BACKGROUND: Levels of sitting among adolescents are high, especially during the school day. The acute cognitive and health consequences associated with prolonged sitting are poorly understood in adolescents. This randomized crossover design study examined the acute effects of a simulated school day with reduced sitting or usual sitting on adolescents' cognitive function and cardiometabolic biomarkers. METHODS: Eighteen healthy school aged adolescents were recruited from the community to the study (11 males; 7 females; mean age [SD] = 13...
August 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806996/improved-passive-catheter-tracking-with-positive-contrast-for-cmr-guided-cardiac-catheterization-using-partial-saturation-psat
#7
Mari Nieves Velasco Forte, Kuberan Pushparajah, Tobias Schaeffter, Israel Valverde Perez, Kawal Rhode, Bram Ruijsink, Mazen Alhrishy, Nicholas Byrne, Amedeo Chiribiri, Tevfik Ismail, Tarique Hussain, Reza Razavi, Sébastien Roujol
BACKGROUND: Cardiac catheterization is a common procedure in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Although cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) represents a promising alternative approach to fluoroscopy guidance, simultaneous high contrast visualization of catheter, soft tissue and the blood pool remains challenging. In this study, a novel passive tracking technique is proposed for enhanced positive contrast visualization of gadolinium-filled balloon catheters using partial saturation (pSAT) magnetization preparation...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806791/effect-of-access-to-an-electronic-medical-resource-on-performance-characteristics-of-a-certification-examination-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Rebecca S Lipner, Bradley G Brossman, Kelli M Samonte, Steven J Durning
Background: Electronic resources are increasingly used in medical practice. Their use during high-stakes certification examinations has been advocated by many experts, but whether doing so would affect the capacity to differentiate between high and low abilities is unknown. Objective: To determine the effect of electronic resources on examination performance characteristics. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Medical certification program...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805060/substrate-induced-facilitated-dissociation-of-competitive-inhibitor-from-the-active-site-of-o-acetyl-serine-sulfhydrylase-reveal-a-competitive-allostery-mechanism
#9
Appu Kumar Singh, Mary Krishna Ekka, Abhishek Kaushik, Vaibhav Kumar Pandya, Ravi Pratap Singh, Srijita Banerjee, Monica Mittal, Vijay Singh, Sangaralingam Kumaran
By classical competitive-antagonism, substrate and competitive-inhibitor must bind mutually exclusively to the active site. The competitive inhibition of O-acetyl serine sulfhydrylase (OASS) by C-terminal of serine acetyltransferase (SAT) presents a paradox, because the C-terminal of SAT binds to the active site of OASS with 4-6 log fold (104 -106) more affinity than that of the substrate. Therefore, we employed multiple approaches to understand how substrate gains access to OASS active site under physiological conditions...
August 14, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804939/assessing-the-application-of-knowledge-in-clinical-problem-solving-the-structured-professional-reasoning-exercise
#10
M P Escudier, M J Woolford, J A Tricio
INTRODUCTION: Clinical reasoning is a fundamental and core clinical competence of healthcare professionals. The study aimed to investigate the utility of the Structured Professional Reasoning Exercise (SPRE), a new competence assessment method designed to measure dental students' clinical reasoning in simulated scenarios, covering the clinical areas of Oral Disease, Primary Dental Care and Restorative Dentistry, Child Dental Health and Dental Practice and Clinical Governance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 313 year-5 students sat for the assessment...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803131/do-continuum-beliefs-reduce-schizophrenia-stigma-effects-of-a-laboratory-intervention-on-behavioral-and-self-reported-stigma
#11
Ryan Thibodeau, Lindsay N Shanks, Brian P Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Correlational research shows that belief in a continuum of psychiatric problems predicts decreased public stigma. However, the correlational findings fail to inform the stigma reduction prospects of manipulating continuum beliefs. All extant experimental work has been executed online. This study examined effects of a laboratory-based continuum intervention on behavioral and self-report measures of psychiatric stigma. METHODS: Sixty-nine undergraduates believed that they would meet a man with schizophrenia...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803119/the-effects-of-low-intensity-cycling-on-cognitive-performance-following-sleep-deprivation
#12
Alexis B Slutsky, Jed A Diekfuss, James A Janssen, Nate T Berry, Chia-Hao Shih, Louisa D Raisbeck, Laurie Wideman, Jennifer L Etnier
This study examined the effect of 24h of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance and assessed the effect of acute exercise on cognitive performance following sleep deprivation. Young, active, healthy adults (n=24, 14 males) were randomized to control (age=24.7±3.7years, BMI=27.2±7.0) or exercise (age=25.3±3.3years, BMI=25.6±5.1) groups. Cognitive testing included a 5-min psychomotor vigilance task (PVT), three memory tasks with increasing cognitive load, and performance of the PVT a second time. On morning one, cognitive testing followed a typical night's sleep...
August 9, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802463/improving-long-term-driving-comfort-by-taking-breaks-how-break-activity-affects-effectiveness
#13
George M Sammonds, Neil J Mansfield, Mike Fray
During long duration journeys, drivers are encouraged to take regular breaks. The benefits of breaks have been documented for safety; breaks may also be beneficial for comfort. The activity undertaken during a break may influence its effectiveness. Volunteers completed 3 journeys on a driving simulator. Each 130 min journey included a 10 min break after the first hour. During the break volunteers either stayed seated, left the simulator and sat in an adjacent room, or took a walk on a treadmill. The results show a reduction in driver discomfort during the break for all 3 conditions, but the effectiveness of the break was dependent on activity undertaken...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799937/multi-criteria-analysis-of-site-selection-for-groundwater-recharge-with-treated-municipal-wastewater
#14
Mohammad Mehdi Ahmadi, Hadi Mahdavirad, Bahram Bakhtiari
Geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing techniques are used as a decision support system to identify potential soil aquifer treatment (SAT) sites for groundwater recharge of Kerman aquifer, which is located in the southeast of Iran. These sites are identified using a single-objective multi-criteria analysis. To ensure technical feasibility, environmental sustainability, social acceptability and economical viability a number of criteria are considered for the site selection. The criteria selected for the different variables and acceptable ranges are based on standards published in national and international guidelines and technical documents...
August 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798202/aerobic-exercise-elevates-markers-of-angiogenesis-and-macrophage-il6-gene-expression-in-the-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-of-overweight-to-obese-adults
#15
Douglas W Van Pelt, Lisa M Guth, Jeffrey F Horowitz
Alterations in the inflammatory state, metabolic function, and structure of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) can impact the development of insulin resistance in obesity. Exercise can improve metabolic health in obesity, but the effects of exercise on SAT are not well known. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of acute exercise and habitual exercise training on mRNA expression of markers of lipid metabolism, inflammation, fibrosis, and hypoxia/angiogenesis in SAT, as well as adipocyte cell size...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794552/histopathological-analysis-of-skin-adnexal-tumors-a-three-year-study-of-110-cases-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#16
Kanwalpreet Kaur, Karuna Gupta, Deepika Hemrajani, Ajay Yadav, Kalpana Mangal
BACKGROUND: Skin adnexal tumors (SAT) encompass wide spectrum of benign and malignant tumors that differentiate toward one or more adnexal structures found in normal skin. Overall incidence of SATs is low yet they can be challenging to diagnose. AIMS: The aim of this study is to study the spectrum and microscopic features of SATs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a retrospective cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted over a period of 3 years...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790884/the-effect-of-electroencephalogram-eeg-reference-choice-on-information-theoretic-measures-of-the-complexity-and-integration-of-eeg-signals
#17
Logan T Trujillo, Candice T Stanfield, Ruben D Vela
Converging evidence suggests that human cognition and behavior emerge from functional brain networks interacting on local and global scales. We investigated two information-theoretic measures of functional brain segregation and integration-interaction complexity C I (X), and integration I(X)-as applied to electroencephalographic (EEG) signals and how these measures are affected by choice of EEG reference. CI(X) is a statistical measure of the system entropy accounted for by interactions among its elements, whereas I(X) indexes the overall deviation from statistical independence of the individual elements of a system...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790027/increased-mitochondrial-calcium-uniporter-in-adipocytes-underlies-mitochondrial-alterations-associated-with-insulin-resistance
#18
Lauren E Wright, Denis Vecellio Reane, Gabriella Milan, Anna Terrin, Giorgia di Bello, Anna Belligoli, Marta Sanna, Mirto Foletto, Francesca Favaretto, Anna Raffaello, Cristina Mammucari, Donato Nitti, Roberto Vettor, Rosario Rizzuto
Intracellular calcium influences an array of pathways and affects cellular processes. With the rapidly progressing research investigating the molecular identity and the physiological roles of the Mitochondrial Calcium Uniporter (MCU) complex, we now have the tools to understand the functions of mitochondrial Ca(2+) in the regulation of pathophysiological processes. Herein, we describe the role of key MCU complex components in insulin resistance in mouse and human adipose tissue. Adipose tissue gene expression was analysed from several models of obese and diabetic rodents and in obese patients, as well as in vitro insulin-resistant adipocytes...
August 8, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781945/profiling-of-virulence-associated-factors-in-shigella-species-isolated-from-acute-pediatric-diarrheal-samples-in-tehran-iran
#19
Sajad Yaghoubi, Reza Ranjbar, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Somayeh Yasliani Fard, Mohammad Hasan Shirazi, Mahmood Mahmoudi
OBJECTIVES: The genus Shigella comprises the most infectious and diarrheagenic bacteria causing severe diseases, mostly in children under five years of age. This study aimed to detect nine virulence genes (ipaBCD, VirA, sen, set1A, set1B, ial, ipaH, stx, and sat) in Shigella species (spp.) using multiplex polymerase chain reaction (MPCR) and to determine the relation of Shigella spp. from pediatric diarrheal samples with hospitalization and bloody diarrhea in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: Shigella spp...
June 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776439/visceral-adipose-tissue-is-more-strongly-associated-with-insulin-resistance-than-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-in-chinese-subjects-with-prediabetes
#20
Lin Liu, Jitao Feng, Gong Zhang, Xiaodan Yuan, Fan Li, Tingting Yang, Shujie Hao, Dejian Huang, Cunyi Hsue, Qinging Lou
AIMS: To investigate the value of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) in a cohort of community's residents who were diagnosed as prediabetes, and to evaluate the association of VAT and SAT with insulin resistance. METHODS: This study was based on cross-sectional analysis of data from 107 adults. VAT and SAT were assessed by computed tomography. Insulin resistance was defined by homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance >2...
August 4, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
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