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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724089/grower-analysis-of-organic-matter-amendments-in-california-orchards
#1
Sat Darshan S Khalsa, Patrick H Brown
Organic matter amendments supply crop nutrients and enhance soil health, yet information specific to orchards is lacking. A survey was conducted to analyze use of these materials by California almond [ (Mill.) D.A. Webb] growers. Significant differences were observed for benefits, concerns, and accessibility to manure and green waste sources and between users and nonusers. Use patterns were significantly influenced by heavy and light users, farm size, and geographic region. Enhanced soil biology was the main benefit attributed to organic matter amendments by both users and nonusers...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719363/vitamin-d-metabolism-in-human-adipose-tissue-could-it-explain-low-vitamin-d-status-in-obesity
#2
Adryana Cordeiro, Alejandro Santos, Miguel Bernardes, Andrea Ramalho, Maria João Martins
Obesity and a low vitamin D (VD) status, as well as a positive association between them, are prevalent worldwide. Additionally, a low VD status has been positively correlated with metabolic dysfunction (although not so convincingly as for obesity). The VD receptor (VDR) mediates VD biological actions in adipose tissue (AT), where VD can be activated or inactivated/degraded through specific hydroxylation steps. Additionally, AT can also store and release VD when needed. A lower VD activation/VD inactivation ratio and an impaired VDR signaling in AT could contribute to metabolic dysfunction besides the aforementioned association between obesity and VD status...
July 18, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711515/longitudinal-changes-in-visceral-and-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-and-metabolic-syndrome-results-from-the-multicultural-community-health-assessment-trial-m-chat
#3
Andrew W Tu, Karin H Humphries, Scott A Lear
AIM: Few studies have examined whether longitudinal changes in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), independent of each other, are associated with the risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS). The objective of this study was to examine the longitudinal effects of VAT and SAT on MetS and metabolic risk factors in a multi-ethnic sample of Canadians followed for 5-years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 598 adults of the Multicultural Community Health Assessment Trial (M-CHAT) were included in this study...
July 8, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710504/mapping-novel-aphid-resistance-qtl-from-wild-soybean-glycine-soja-85-32
#4
Shichen Zhang, Zhongnan Zhang, Carmille Bales, Cuihua Gu, Chris DiFonzo, Ming Li, Qijian Song, Perry Cregan, Zhenyu Yang, Dechun Wang
Two novel QTLs conferring aphid resistance were mapped and validated on soybean chromosomes 8 and 16, respectively. Closely linked markers were developed to assist breeding for aphid resistance. Soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, is a highly destructive pest for soybean production. E08934, a soybean advanced breeding line derived from the wild soybean Glycine soja 85-32, has shown strong resistance to aphids. To dissect the genetic basis of aphid resistance in E08934, a mapping population (070020) consisting of 140 F3-derived lines was developed by crossing E08934 with an aphid-susceptible line E00003...
July 14, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706239/increased-adipose-tissue-heme-levels-and-exportation-are-associated-with-altered-systemic-glucose-metabolism
#5
José María Moreno-Navarrete, Amaia Rodríguez, Francisco Ortega, Sara Becerril, Mònica Sabater-Masdeu, Jessica Latorre, Wifredo Ricart, Gema Frühbeck, José Manuel Fernández-Real
Iron status is known to be associated with the physiology of adipose tissue (AT). We aimed to investigate AT heme and expression of heme exporter (FLVCR1) in association with obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Substantial amounts of FLVCR1 mRNA and protein levels were detected in AT, being significantly increased in subjects with T2D, and positively correlated with fasting glucose, fasting triglycerides and with circulating markers of iron stores (serum ferritin, blood hemoglobin and hematocrit). In both visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous AT (SAT), increased heme levels were found in subjects with T2D...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701705/development-of-sodium-acetate-trihydrate-ethylene-glycol-composite-phase-change-materials-with-enhanced-thermophysical-properties-for-thermal-comfort-and-therapeutic-applications
#6
Rohitash Kumar, Sumita Vyas, Ravindra Kumar, Ambesh Dixit
The heat packs using phase change materials (PCMs) are designed for possible applications such as body comfort and medical applications under adverse situations. The development and performance of such heat packs rely on thermophysical properties of PCMs such as latent heat, suitable heat releasing temperature, degree of supercooling, effective heat releasing time, crystallite size, stability against spontaneous nucleation in metastable supercooled liquid state and thermal stability during heating and cooling cycles...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690263/direct-electron-transfer-type-bioelectrocatalysis-of-peroxidase-at-mesoporous-carbon-electrodes-and-its-application-for-glucose-determination-based-on-bienzyme-system
#7
Hong-Qi Xia, Yuki Kitazumi, Osamu Shirai, Kenji Kano
Non-catalytic direct electron transfer (DET) signal of Compound I of horseradish peroxidase (POD) was first detected at 0.7 V on POD/carbon nanotube mixture-modified electrodes. Excellent performance of DET-type bioelectrocatalysis was achieved with POD immobilized with glutaraldehyde on Ketjen Black (KB)-modified electrodes for H2O2 reduction with an onset potential of 0.65 V (vs. Ag | AgCl | sat. KCl) without any electrode surface modification. The POD-immobilized KB electrode was found to be suitable for detecting H2O2 with a low detection limit (0...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689480/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-brucellosis-among-veterinary-health-care-professionals
#8
Rajeswari Shome, Triveni Kalleshamurthy, Padmashree B Shankaranarayana, Prashanth Giribattanvar, Nagarathna Chandrashekar, Nagalingam Mohandoss, Bibek Ranjan Shome, Ashok Kumar, Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe, Habibur Rahman
The study describes prevalence, clinical symptoms and risk factors for brucellosis in personnel engaged in veterinary health care in Karnataka, India. A total of 1050 sera samples were collected from animal handlers, veterinarians, veterinary students, para-veterinarians and persons engaged in artificial insemination of animals. The sera samples were tested for brucellosis by Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT), serum agglutination test (SAT), IgG and IgM indirect ELISA and PCR. Age, sex, clinical symptoms and risk factors were recorded in structured questionnaire...
July 8, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685450/effects-of-motor-imagery-on-cognitive-function-and-prefrontal-cortex-activity-in-normal-adults-evaluated-by-nirs
#9
M Moriya, K Sakatani
Recent near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) studies demonstrated that physical exercise enhances working memory (WM) performance and prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity during WM tasks in normal adults. Interestingly, the effects of rehabilitation (i.e. physiotherapy) on post-stroke patients could be enhanced by motor imagery (MI), an active process during which the specified action is reproduced within WM without any actual physical movement. However, it is not known whether MI can enhance cognitive function and associated brain activity...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684742/observed-behaviours-of-precipitable-water-vapour-and-precipitation-intensity-in-response-to-upper-air-profiles-estimated-from-surface-air-temperature
#10
Mikiko Fujita, Tomonori Sato
Extremely heavy precipitation affects human society and the natural environment, and its behaviour under a warming climate needs to be elucidated. Recent studies have demonstrated that observed extreme precipitation increases with surface air temperature (SAT) at approximately the Clausius-Clapeyron (CC) rate, suggesting that atmospheric water vapour content can explain the relationship between extreme precipitation and SAT. However, the relationship between atmospheric water vapour content and SAT is poorly understood due to the lack of reliable observations with sufficient spatial and temporal coverage for statistical analyses...
July 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683137/discovering-vesicle-traffic-network-constraints-by-model-checking
#11
Ankit Shukla, Arnab Bhattacharyya, Lakshmanan Kuppusamy, Mandayam Srivas, Mukund Thattai
A eukaryotic cell contains multiple membrane-bound compartments. Transport vesicles move cargo between these compartments, just as trucks move cargo between warehouses. These processes are regulated by specific molecular interactions, as summarized in the Rothman-Schekman-Sudhof model of vesicle traffic. The whole structure can be represented as a transport graph: each organelle is a node, and each vesicle route is a directed edge. What constraints must such a graph satisfy, if it is to represent a biologically realizable vesicle traffic network? Graph connectedness is an informative feature: 2-connectedness is necessary and sufficient for mass balance, but stronger conditions are required to ensure correct molecular specificity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680693/the-incorporation-of-emotion-regulation-skills-into-couple-and-family-based-treatments-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Deborah A Perlick, Frederic J Sautter, Julia J Becker-Cretu, Danielle Schultz, Savannah C Grier, Alexander V Libin, Manon Maitland Schladen, Shirley M Glynn
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling, potentially chronic disorder that is characterized by re-experience and hyperarousal symptoms as well as the avoidance of trauma-related stimuli. The distress experienced by many veterans of the Vietnam War and their partners prompted a strong interest in developing conjoint interventions that could both alleviate the core symptoms of PTSD and strengthen family bonds. We review the evolution of and evidence base for conjoint PTSD treatments from the Vietnam era through the post-911 era...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680006/vertebral-fracture-at-the-caudal-end-of-a-surgical-fusion-for-thoracic-vertebral-fracture-in-a-patient-with-diffuse-idiopathic-skeletal-hyperostosis-dish
#13
Hiroshi Kobayashi, Koji Otani, Kazuyuki Watanabe, Kinshi Kato, Takuya Nikaido, Shoji Yabuki, Shin-Ichi Kikuchi, Shin-Ichi Konno
The patient was an 86-year-old woman with back pain after a fall. She had no neurological findings at the initial visit. Plain radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and a Th10 fracture. Two weeks later, she started gait exercise with immobilization by a rigid orthosis. Twenty-five days later, she presented with paralysis and numbness of her legs. Computed tomography (CT) showed anterior expansion in the vertebral body of Th10. MRI showed an intramedullary high-intensity area on T2-weighted images at the same level...
July 5, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679946/independent-tissue-contributors-to-obesity-associated-insulin-resistance
#14
Yvo Ham Kusters, Casper G Schalkwijk, Alfons Jhm Houben, M Eline Kooi, Lucas Lindeboom, Jos Op 't Roodt, Peter J Joris, Jogchum Plat, Ronald P Mensink, Eugene J Barrett, Coen DA Stehouwer
BACKGROUND: Induction of insulin resistance is a key pathway through which obesity increases risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular events. Although the detrimental effects of obesity on insulin sensitivity are incompletely understood, accumulation of visceral, subcutaneous, and liver fat and impairment of insulin-induced muscle microvascular recruitment (MVR) may be involved. As these phenotypic changes often coincide in obesity, we aimed to unravel whether they independently contribute to insulin resistance and thus constitute separate targets for intervention...
July 6, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676110/heterogeneous-oxygen-availability-affects-the-titer-and-topology-but-not-the-fidelity-of-plasmid-dna-produced-by-escherichia-coli
#15
Karim E Jaén, Juan-Carlos Sigala, Roberto Olivares-Hernández, Karsten Niehaus, Alvaro R Lara
BACKGROUND: Dissolved oxygen tension (DOT) is hardly constant and homogenously distributed in a bioreactor, which can have a negative impact in the metabolism and product synthesis. However, the effects of DOT on plasmid DNA (pDNA) production and quality have not been thoroughly investigated. In the present study, the effects of aerobic (DOT ≥30% air sat.), microaerobic (constant DOT = 3% air sat.) and oscillatory DOT (from 0 to 100% air sat.) conditions on pDNA production, quality and host performance were characterized...
July 4, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673868/complete-nucleotide-sequences-and-virion-particle-association-of-two-satellite-rnas-associated-with-panicum-mosaic-virus
#16
Jesse D Pyle, Judit Monis, Karen-Beth G Scholthof
Over six decades ago, panicum mosaic virus (PMV) was identified as the first viral pathogen of cultivated switchgrass (Panicum virgatum). Subsequently, PMV was demonstrated to support the replication of both a satellite RNA virus (SPMV) and satellite RNA (satRNA) agents during natural infections of host grasses. In this study, we report the isolation and full-length sequences of two PMV satRNAs identified in 1988 from St. Augustinegrass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) and centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) hosts...
June 30, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673808/the-effect-of-television-watching-and-portion-size-on-intake-during-a-meal
#17
Rachel Rosenthal, Hollie Raynor
Watching television while eating and eating from larger portion sizes of food are factors that have been found to independently increase food intake. When combined, these factors may further enhance consumption. This investigation, using a 4 × 2 × 2 mixed factorial design, with a between-subjects factor of order of conditions and within-subjects factors of television watching (NO TV and TV) and portion size (SMALL and LARGE), tested the independent effects and interaction of these factors in seventeen women and three men (21...
July 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668689/suppressive-antibiotic-therapy-with-oral-doxycycline-for-staphylococcus-aureus-prosthetic-joint-infections-a-retrospective-study-of-39-patients
#18
M Pradier, S Nguyen, O Robineau, M Titecat, N Blondiaux, M Valette, C Loïez, E Beltrand, H Dézeque, H Migaud, E Senneville
PURPOSE: To describe the use of oral doxycycline as suppressive antibiotic therapy (SAT) in patients with Staphylococcus aureus periprosthetic (hip or knee) joint infections. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical charts of all patients with surgical revisions for S. aureus hip or knee prosthetic joint infections who were given doxycycline-based SAT because of a high risk of failure of various origins were reviewed. Data regarding tolerability and effectiveness of doxycycline-based SAT were analyzed...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665940/adiposity-and-adipogenic-gene-expression-in-four-different-muscles-in-beef-cattle
#19
Lara Martínez Del Pino, Ana Arana, Leopoldo Alfonso, José Antonio Mendizábal, Beatriz Soret
Anatomical site and divergent functionalities of muscles can be related to differences in IMF content, metabolism and adipogenic gene expression. Then, potential differences in different muscles in beef cattle were studied. As a second objective, the main sources of experimental variability associated to RT-qPCR results were analyzed following a nested design in order to implement appropriate experimental designs minimizing gene expression variability. To perform the study Longissimus thoracis (LT), Semitendinosus (SM), Masseter (MS), Sternomandibularis (ST) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) samples of Pirenaica young bulls (n = 4) were collected for IMF, collagen and protein quantification, analysis of adipocyte size distribution and gene expression (PPARG, CEBPA, FAPB4 and WNT10B)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665532/characterization-of-body-composition-and-definition-of-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-alcoholic-liver-cirrhosis-a-computed-tomography-based-study
#20
Jaya Benjamin, Varsha Shasthry, Chetan Ramesh Kalal, Lovkesh Anand, Ankit Bhardwaj, Vanshja Pandit, Ankur Arora, Sasidharan Rajesh, Viniyendra Pamecha, Vikas Jain, Guresh Kumar, Anthony Lauria, Puneet Puri, Yogendra Kumar Joshi, Shiv Kumar Sarin
Alterations in body composition (BC) as loss of fat and muscle mass (sarcopenia) are associated with poor outcome in alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC). Prevalence of sarcopenia depends upon the method of assessment. Computed Tomography (CT) is a gold standard tool for assessing BC AIM: To characterize BC and define sarcopenia in ALC patients using CT METHODS: Single slice CT images at L3 vertebrae of healthy controls (HC) - organ transplant donors and ALC patients were analysed to give cross-sectional area of five skeletal muscles normalized for height -skeletal muscle index (SMI; cm(2) /m(2) ), area of subcutaneous (SAT;cm(2) ) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT;cm(2) )...
June 30, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
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