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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228342/evaluation-of-the-implementation-of-the-south-african-triage-system-at-an-academic-hospital-in-central-haiti
#1
Shada A Rouhani, Emily Aaronson, Angella Jacques, Sandy Brice, Regan H Marsh
BACKGROUND: Effective triage is an important part of high quality emergency care, yet is frequently lacking in resource-limited settings. The South African Triage Scale (SATS) is designed for these settings and consists of a numeric score (triage early warning score, TEWS) and a list of clinical signs (known as discriminators). Our objective was to evaluate the implementation of SATS at a new teaching hospital in Haiti. METHODS: A random sample of emergency department charts from October 2013 were retrospectively reviewed for the completeness and accuracy of the triage form, correct calculation of the triage score, and final patient disposition...
February 19, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227505/powering-and-communication-for-omni-a-distributed-and-modular-closed-loop-neuromodulation-device
#2
Ali Moin, George Alexandrov, Benjamin C Johnson, Igor Izyumin, Fred Burghardt, Kedar Shah, Sat Pannu, Elad Alon, Rikky Muller, Jan M Rabaey, Ali Moin, George Alexandrov, Benjamin C Johnson, Igor Izyumin, Fred Burghardt, Kedar Shah, Sat Pannu, Elad Alon, Rikky Muller, Jan M Rabaey, Fred Burghardt, Beniamin C Johnson, Kedar Shah, Jan M Rabaey, Sat Pannu, Elad Alon, Ali Moin, George Alexandrov
A distributed, modular, intelligent, and efficient neuromodulation device, called OMNI, is presented. It supports closed-loop recording and stimulation on 256 channels from up to 4 physically distinct neuromodulation modules placed in any configuration around the brain, hence offering the capability of addressing neural disorders that are presented at the network level. The specific focus of this paper is the communication and power distribution network that enables the modular and distributed nature of the device...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227459/leg-fluid-accumulation-during-prolonged-sitting
#3
Daniel Vena, Jonathan Rubianto, Milos Popovic, Azadeh Yadollahi, Daniel Vena, Jonathan Rubianto, Milos Popovic, Azadeh Yadollahi, Daniel Vena, Azadeh Yadollahi, Jonathan Rubianto, Milos Popovic
The accumulation of fluid in the legs due to sedentariness can be a health risk in extreme cases. Negative health impacts associated with leg fluid accumulation include leg edema and risk of blood clots. Furthermore, fluid accumulating in the legs is accompanied by fluid shift into the upper body which is also associated with health risks such as: increased blood pressure when lying down, respiratory problems in people with heart failure, and increased sleep apnea. Understanding the pattern by which fluid accumulates in the legs can aid in the development of devices for reducing leg fluid accumulation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224715/foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-serotype-sat1-in-cattle-nigeria
#4
D O Ehizibolo, A Haegeman, A R De Vleeschauwer, J U Umoh, H M Kazeem, E C Okolocha, S Van Borm, K De Clercq
The knowledge of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) dynamics and epidemiology in Nigeria and the West Africa subregion is important to support local and regional control plans and international risk assessment. Foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype South African territories (SAT)1 was isolated, identified and characterized from an FMD outbreak in cattle in Nigeria in 2015, 35 years after the last report of FMDV SAT1 in West Africa. The VP1 coding sequence of the Nigerian 2015 SAT1 isolates diverges from reported SAT1 topotypes resulting in a separate topotype...
February 21, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214920/detection-of-brucella-sp-infection-through-serological-microbiological-and-molecular-methods-applied-to-buffaloes-in-maranh%C3%A3-o-state-brazil
#5
Larissa Sarmento Dos Santos, Joicy Cortez Sá, Diego Luiz Dos Santos Ribeiro, Nancyleni Pinto Chaves, Juliana Pinto da Silva Mol, Renato Lima Santos, Tatiane Alves da Paixão, Alcina Vieira de Carvalho Neta
The aim of the current study is to diagnose Brucella spp. infection using methods such as serology, bacterial isolation, and molecular analysis in buffaloes bred in Maranhão State. In order to do so, 390 samples of buffalo serum were subjected to serological tests, to Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and to 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME) combined with slow agglutination test (SAT). Vaginal swabs were collected from seropositive animals and subjected to bacterial isolation and to generic PCR. According to the serological test, 16 animals had a positive reaction to the confirmatory test (2-ME/SAT)...
February 18, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212671/an-adaptive-variant-of-trib2-rs1057001-is-associated-with-higher-expression-levels-of-thermogenic-genes-in-human-subcutaneous-and-visceral-adipose-tissues
#6
Kazuhiro Nakayama, Sadahiko Iwamoto
BACKGROUND: An obesity-related single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the Tribbles pseudokinase 2 gene (TRIB2) was shown to have underwent adaptive evolution in the last glacial period, suggesting a selective advantage of this SNP in human populations in cold environments. In order to verify this hypothesis, the effect of the TRIB2 SNP on the expression of genes involved in adaptive thermogenesis was tested using messenger RNAs prepared from adipose tissues of Japanese adults. METHODS: Complementary DNA was prepared from subcutaneous adipose tissues (SAT) and visceral adipose tissues (VAT) obtained from 48 Japanese adults...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210046/effects-of-diaphragm-breathing-exercise-and-feedback-breathing-exercise-on-pulmonary-function-in-healthy-adults
#7
Min-Sik Yong, Hae-Yong Lee, Yun-Seob Lee
[Purpose] The present study investigated effects of diaphragm breathing exercise and feedback breathing exercise on respiratory function. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-one subjects were randomly assigned to two groups; the feedback breathing exercise group and the maneuver-diaphragm exercise group. The feedback breathing exercise group was asked to breathe with feedback breathing device, and the maneuver-diaphragm exercise group was asked to perform diaphragm respiration. Respiratory function was evaluated when a subject sat on a chair comfortably...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210039/comparing-the-interface-pressure-redistribution-of-three-different-types-of-cushions-differences-according-to-age-groups-and-cushion-preferences
#8
Ji-Su Park, Sang-Heon Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the change in interface pressure redistribution of three different types of cushions sat on by individuals in their 20s and older than 60 years old. [Subjects and Methods] One hundred and eleven college students and 100 persons than 60 years old were recruited. Sitting pressure redistribution was measured while subjects sat without cushions or on honeycomb, air, and memory foam cushions in that order. Subsequently, the cushion preference was measured. After obtaining all measurements, the mean total pressure and each quadrant's mean and peak pressure were analyzed...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208098/-don-t-think-i-m-going-to-leave-you-over-it-accounts-of-changing-hepatitis-c-status-among-couples-who-inject-drugs
#9
Jake Rance, Carla Treloar, Suzanne Fraser, Joanne Bryant, Tim Rhodes
BACKGROUND: While the health-related benefits of intimate partnership are well documented, little attention has been paid to couples exposed to high levels of social stigma and exclusion. In this project we investigated an important site of stigma for partnerships by collecting accounts of changing hepatitis C (HCV) status ("sero-change") among couples that inject drugs. We explored what these accounts reveal about the meaning of HCV for these couples, and how this understanding contributes to our collective efforts at prevention and care...
January 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198147/intrahepatic-fat-abdominal-adipose-tissues-and-metabolic-state-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#10
Anat Yaskolka Meir, Lilac Tene, Noa Cohen, Ilan Shelef, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Yftach Gepner, Hila Zelicha, Michal Rein, Nitzan Bril, Dana Serfaty, Shira Kenigsbuch, Yoash Chassidim, Benjamin Sarusy, Dror Dicker, Joachim Thiery, Uta Ceglarek, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Meir J Stampfer, Assaf Rudich, Iris Shai
BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic-fat (IHF) is best known to associate with waist circumference (WC) and visceral-adipose-tissue (VAT), but its relation to abdominal subcutaneous-adipose tissue (SAT) is controversial. While IHF > 5% dichotomously defines fatty liver, %IHF is rarely considered as a continuous variable that includes the normal range. In this study, we aimed to evaluate %IHF association with abdominal fat sub-depots, pancreatic and renal-sinus fats. METHODS: We evaluated %IHF, abdominal fat sub-depots, %pancreatic and renal-sinus fats, among individuals with moderate abdominal obesity, using 3-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
February 14, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195715/interfacial-interaction-of-titania-nanoparticles-and-ligated-uranyl-species-a-relativistic-dft-investigation
#11
Hong-Bo Zhao, Ming Zheng, Georg Schreckenbach, Qing-Jiang Pan
To understand interfacial behavior of actinides adsorbed onto mineral surfaces and unravel their structure-property relationship, the structures, electronic properties, and energetics of various ligated uranyl species adsorbed onto TiO2 surface nanoparticle clusters (SNCs) were examined using relativistic density functional theory. Rutile (110) and anatase (101) titania surfaces, experimentally known to be stable, were fully optimized. For the former, models studied include clean and water-free Ti27O64H20 (dry), partially hydrated (Ti27O64H20)(H2O)8 (sol) and proton-saturated [(Ti27O64H20)(H2O)8(H)2](2+) (sat), while defect-free and defected anatase SNCs involving more than 38 TiO2 units were considered...
February 14, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192541/immune-driven-alterations-in-mucin-sulphation-is-an-important-mediator-of-trichuris-muris-helminth-expulsion
#12
Sumaira Z Hasnain, Paul A Dawson, Rohan Lourie, Peter Hutson, Hui Tong, Richard K Grencis, Michael A McGuckin, David J Thornton
Mucins are heavily glycosylated proteins that give mucus its gel-like properties. Moreover, the glycans decorating the mucin protein core can alter the protective properties of the mucus barrier. To investigate whether these alterations could be parasite-induced we utilized the Trichuris muris (T. muris) infection model, using different infection doses and strains of mice that are resistant (high dose infection in BALB/c and C57BL6 mice) or susceptible (high dose infection in AKR and low dose infection in BALB/c mice) to chronic infection by T...
February 13, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192105/adolescent-obesity-and-insulin-resistance-roles-of-ectopic-fat-accumulation-and-adipose-inflammation
#13
Sonia Caprio, Rachel Perry, Romy Kursawe
As a consequence of the global rise in the prevalence of Adolescent Obesity, an unprecedented phenomenon of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) has emerged in pediatrics. At the heart of T2D development lies a key metabolic derangement: Insulin Resistance (IR) . Despite the widespread occurrence of IR affecting an unmeasurable number of youths worldwide, its pathogenesis remains elusive. IR in obese youth is a complex phenomenon that defies explanation by a single pathway. In this review we first describe recent data on the prevalence, severity, and racial/ethnic differences in Pediatric Obesity...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191351/evaluating-the-measurement-properties-of-the-self-assessment-of-treatment-version-ii-follow-up-version-in-patients-with-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#14
Floortje van Nooten, Dylan Trundell, Dorota Staniewska, Jun Chen, Evan W Davies, Dennis A Revicki
Background. The Self-Assessment of Treatment version II (SAT II) measures treatment-related improvements in pain and impacts and impressions of treatment in neuropathic pain patients. The measure has baseline and follow-up versions. This study assesses the measurement properties of the SAT II. Methods. Data from 369 painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN) patients from a phase III trial assessing capsaicin 8% patch (Qutenza®) efficacy and safety were used in these analyses. Reliability, convergent validity, known-groups validity, and responsiveness (using the Brief Pain Inventory-Diabetic Neuropathy [BPI-DN] and Patient Global Impression of Change [PGIC]) analyses were conducted, and minimally important differences (MID) were estimated...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190903/potential-negative-consequences-of-geoengineering-on-crop-production-a-study-of-indian-groundnut
#15
Huiyi Yang, Steven Dobbie, Julian Ramirez-Villegas, Kuishuang Feng, Andrew J Challinor, Bing Chen, Yao Gao, Lindsay Lee, Yan Yin, Laixiang Sun, James Watson, Ann-Kristin Koehler, Tingting Fan, Sat Ghosh
Geoengineering has been proposed to stabilize global temperature, but its impacts on crop production and stability are not fully understood. A few case studies suggest that certain crops are likely to benefit from solar dimming geoengineering, yet we show that geoengineering is projected to have detrimental effects for groundnut. Using an ensemble of crop-climate model simulations, we illustrate that groundnut yields in India undergo a statistically significant decrease of up to 20% as a result of solar dimming geoengineering relative to RCP4...
November 28, 2016: Geophysical Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190685/impact-of-body-fat-and-muscle-distribution-on-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#16
Seung Bae Yoon, Moon Hyung Choi, In Seok Lee, Chul-Hyun Lim, Jin Soo Kim, Yu Kyung Cho, Jae Myung Park, Bo-In Lee, Young-Seok Cho, Myung-Gyu Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a well-established risk factor for severe acute pancreatitis (AP); however, the impact of visceral obesity or sarcopenic obesity on severity of AP has not been well studied. We compared the relationship between severity of AP and various body parameters including body weight, body mass index (BMI), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and visceral fat-to-muscle ratio (VMR). METHODS: We analyzed the data of patients who were diagnosed with AP from 2009 to 2015...
February 6, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180094/exploiting-serological-data-to-understand-the-epidemiology-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-serotypes-circulating-in-libya
#17
Ibrahim Eldaghayes, Abdunaser Dayhum, Abdulwahab Kammon, Monier Sharif, Giancarlo Ferrari, Christianus Bartels, Keith Sumption, Donald P King, Santina Grazioli, Emiliana Brocchi
Sporadic outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) have occurred in Libya for almost fifty years. During the spring of 2013, a countrywide serosurvey was undertaken to assess the level of FMD virus circulation and identify FMD virus serotypes in the country. A total of 4221 sera were collected, comprising samples from large ruminants (LR; n=1428 samples from 357 farms) and small ruminants (SR; n=2793 samples from 141 farms). FMD sero-prevalence of NSP antibodies determined by ELISA were 19.0% (271/1428) with 95% CI (16...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164569/comparison-of-a-novel-test-odak-brucella-coombs-gel-test-with-commonly-used-serological-tests-in-human-brucellosis
#18
Baris Ata Borsa, Mehmet Ersoy Aldag, Meric Yilmaz, Zeynep Gungordu Dalar, Veli Cengiz Ozalp
BACKGROUND: Since Brucellosis is difficult to diagnose based on clinical symptoms, the diagnosis mostly relies on the results of serological testing. ODAK Brucella Coombs Gel Test is a novel and rapid gel microcolumn agglutination test which is performed in microcolumns containing gel matrix and Coombs antibodies. In this study, we aimed to compare ODAK Brucella Coombs Gel Test with other commonly used serological tests. METHODS: 150 blood samples of patients, preliminarily diagnosed as Brucellosis, were included in this study...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161370/increased-fibrosis-and-angiogenesis-in-subcutaneous-gluteal-adipose-tissue-in-nascent-metabolic-syndrome
#19
I Jialal, B Adams-Huet, A Major, S Devaraj
AIMS: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is globally a common disorder that predisposes to both diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is a paucity of data on fibrosis and angiogenesis in adipose tissue (AT) in patients with nascent MetS uncomplicated by diabetes or CVD. Hence, we assayed various indices of fibrosis and angiogenesis in subcutaneous AT (SAT). METHODS: In both patients with MetS and matched controls, we determined fibrosis and the densities of CD31, VEGF and Angiopoietin (Angio) 2 and 1 by immunohistochemistry in gluteal SAT...
February 1, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160160/the-unexpected-discovery-of-brucella-abortus-buck-19-vaccine-in-goats-from-ecuador-underlines-the-importance-of-biosecurity-measures
#20
Jorge Ron-Román, Dirk Berkvens, Daniela Barzallo-Rivadeneira, Alexandra Angulo-Cruz, Pablo González-Andrade, Elizabeth Minda-Aluisa, Washington Benítez-Ortíz, Jef Brandt, Richar Rodríguez-Hidalgo, Claude Saegerman
Very few, mostly old, and only preliminary serological studies of brucellosis in goats exist in Ecuador. In order to assess the current epidemiological situation, we performed a cross-sectional serological study in the goat populations of Carchi (n = 160 animals), Pichincha (n = 224 animals), and Loja provinces (n = 2024 animals). Only two positive serological results (RB negative and SAT-EDTA ≥400 IU/ml) were obtained in lactating goats from the same farm in Quito (Pichincha province). Additionally, milk was sampled from 220 animals in Pichincha province...
February 3, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
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