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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140808/randomized-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-aged-garlic-extract-with-supplements-versus-placebo-on-adipose-tissue-surrogates-for-coronary-atherosclerosis-progression
#1
Irfan Zeb, Naser Ahmadi, Ferdinand Flores, Matthew J Budoff
AIMS: Increased epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), pericardial adipose tissue (PAT), periaortic adipose tissue (PaAT), and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) are mediators of metabolic risk, and are associated with the severity of coronary artery calcium (CAC). Aged garlic extract (AGE) has been shown to reduce the progression of coronary atherosclerosis. This study evaluates the effect of AGE with supplements (AGE+S) on EAT, PAT, SAT, and PaAT. METHODS: Sixty asymptomatic participants participated in a randomized trial evaluating the effect of AGE+S versus placebo on coronary atherosclerosis progression, and underwent CAC at baseline and after 12 months of treatment...
November 14, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138284/rapid-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-detection-of-drug-resistance-by-combined-simultaneous-amplification-testing-and-reverse-dot-blot
#2
Yiwen Chen, Lahong Zhang, Liquan Hong, Xian Luo, Juping Chen, Leiming Tang, Jiahuan Chen, Xia Liu, Zhaojun Chen
AIMS: Making a correct and rapid diagnosis is essential for managing pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), particularly multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the combination of simultaneous amplification testing (SAT) and reverse dot blot (RDB) for the rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and drug-resistant mutants in respiratory samples. METHODS: 225 suspected PTB and 32 non-TB pulmonary disease samples were collected. All sputum samples were sent for acid-fast bacilli smear, SAT, culture and drug susceptibility testing (DST) by the BACTEC(TM) MGIT(TM) 960 system...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137697/the-readiness-to-change-for-bariatric-surgery-assessment-tool-validity-factor-structure-and-reliability
#3
Susan M S Carlson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Currently, there is no guideline or standard of practice for performing the psychiatric/psychological evaluation that is a requirement for approval for bariatric surgery. The Readiness to Change for Bariatric Surgery Assessment Tool (RCB-SAT) establishes a means for psychiatric evaluators to objectively assess the patient's cognition, beliefs, and motivation around the bariatric diet and lifestyle changes. Development of a clinical decision-making tool for assessing readiness to change in bariatric patients will be useful regarding The Strategic Plan for NIH Obesity Research...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137352/maternal-high-calorie-diet-induces-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-senescence-phenotype-in-subcutaneous-fat-of-newborn-mice
#4
Daniele Lettieri-Barbato, Fabiana D'Angelo, Francesca Sciarretta, Giuseppe Tatulli, Flavia Tortolici, Maria Rosa Ciriolo, Katia Aquilano
Mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation and senescence-like features are observed in adipose depots in aging and obesity. Herein, we evaluated how maternal high calorie diet (HCD) may impact on subcutaneous adipose tissue (sAT) of the newborn mice. Adult C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided in three groups: normal calorie diet (NCD), HCD and HCD supplemented with niacin 8 weeks before mating. Mothers and pups were then sacrificed and metabolic and molecular analyses were carried out on sAT. HCD induced mitochondria dysfunction in mothers without inflammation and senescence, whereas in pups we also revealed the occurrence of senescent phenotype...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134290/re-emergence-of-lilium-callosum-sieb-et-zucc-in-taiwan-after-a-fire-allows-propagation-and-renews-the-possibility-of-conservation
#5
Ying Chun Chen, Yang Jung Huang, Chiu Mei Wang, Chin An Chiu, Huey Ling Lin, Pei Fang Lee, Ya Ming Cheng, Chen Chang
BACKGROUND: Lilium callosum is native to Taiwan, but little is known about it since it has been considered extinct since 1915. After the rediscovery of this rare species after a fire in 2011 in Tunghsiao Township, intensive work has been conducted to count the number in the wild population, to develop a conservation strategy, and to understand its reproductive characteristics and even economic potential. RESULTS: To conserve the germplasm of this population, three scales from a wild L...
November 13, 2017: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134159/molecular-characterization-of-turnip-mosaic-potyvirus-tumv-infecting-radish-raphanus-sativus-l-crop-in-india
#6
Nehanjali Parmar, Ajay Kumar Thakur, Pardeep Kumar, P D Thakur, Sat Vrat Bhardwaj
Nine isolates of Turnip mosaic potyvirus (TuMV)-infecting radish collected from different regions of Northern India were characterized. All isolates except for New Delhi and Rajasthan isolates resulted positive for TuMV in double antibody sandwich-enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA). RNA was isolated from leaves of infected plants and used in reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with TuMV coat protein (CP) gene-specific primers. Viral amplicons of expected 1000 bp size were obtained, which were further subjected to cloning and sequencing...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132011/effect-of-anode-polarization-on-biofilm-formation-and-electron-transfer-in-shewanella-oneidensis-graphite-felt-microbial-fuel-cells
#7
David Pinto, Thibaud Coradin, Christel Laberty-Robert
In microbial fuel cells, electricity generation is assumed by bacterial degradation of low-grade organics generating electrons that are transferred to an electrode. The nature and efficiency of the electron transfer from the bacteria to the electrodes are determined by several chemical, physical and biological parameters. Specifically, the application of a specific potential at the bioanode has been shown to stimulate the formation of an electro-active biofilm, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood...
October 31, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131731/editorial
#8
Laura Schmalzl, Sat Bir Singh Khalsa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122272/enhancing-yoga-participation-a-qualitative-investigation-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-yoga-among-predominantly-racial-ethnic-minority-low-income-adults
#9
Christine E Spadola, Rebecca Rottapel, Neha Khandpur, Emily Kontos, Suzanne M Bertisch, Dayna A Johnson, Mirja Quante, Sat Bir S Khalsa, Robert B Saper, Susan Redline
Yoga is underutilized among racial/ethnic minorities and low-income populations. To enhance participation among these demographic groups and to inform a future clinical trial, we conducted a qualitative formative investigation, informed by the Social Contextual Model of health behavior change, to identify barriers and facilitators to yoga that could impact study participation. We recruited twenty-four racially/ethnically diverse adults, with and without prior yoga experience, from a low-income, urban housing community to participate in either an individual interview or focus group...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121405/the-impact-of-visceral-adipose-tissue-amount-on-the-adequacy-of-lymph-node-retrieval-in-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#10
Eun Kyung Choe, Kyu Joo Park, Seung-Bum Ryoo, Sang Hui Moon, Heung-Kwon Oh, Eon Chul Han, Yoon-Hye Kwon
BACKGROUND: Obesity is increasing worldwide, potentially influencing surgical outcomes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. We analyzed the effects of obesity indexes on lymph node (LN) retrieval in CRC patients. METHOD: We applied obesity indexes of body mass index (BMI) and visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous (SAT) adipose tissue volumes to stage I-III CRC patients. The primary outcome was the effect of these indexes on the number of retrieved LNs (12 > LNs ≥ 12)...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121385/a-controlled-comparison-of-auditory-steady-state-responses-and-pure-tone-audiometry-in-patients-with-hearing-loss
#11
Raman Wadhera, Sharad Hernot, Sat Paul Gulati, Vijay Kalra
We performed a prospective interventional study to evaluate correlations between hearing thresholds determined by pure-tone audiometry (PTA) and auditory steady-state response (ASSR) testing in two types of patients with hearing loss and a control group of persons with normal hearing. The study was conducted on 240 ears-80 ears with conductive hearing loss, 80 ears with sensorineural hearing loss, and 80 normal-hearing ears. We found that mean threshold differences between PTA results and ASSR testing at different frequencies did not exceed 15 dB in any group...
October 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120811/magnetic-resonance-mr-features-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-tnbc-vs-receptor-positive-cancer-ntnbc
#12
Giulia Angelini, Carolina Marini, Chiara Iacconi, Dionisia Mazzotta, Monica Moretti, Eugenia Picano, Riccardo Morganti
Few reports in literature describe triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) imaging findings. Aim of the study is to determine MR-features of TNBC compared to receptor positive cancer (nTNBC). From May 2014 to May 2015, we retrospectively enrolled 31 consecutive patients with histological diagnosis of TNBC and a control group of 31 consecutive nTNBC observed in the same period, out of 602 cancer, diagnosed in our department in the same year. Histopathological analysis and MR-features of TNBC (31 patients) were compared to nTNBC (31 patients)...
October 27, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115984/body-mass-index-and-thoracic-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-depth-possible-implications-for-adequacy-of-chest-compressions
#13
Paul Secombe, Ross Sutherland, Richard Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Adequacy of cardiopulmonary resuscitation relies on compression of the thoracic cage to produce changes in intra-thoracic pressures sufficient to generate a pressure gradient. In order to evaluate the efficacy of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in morbid obesity, it is first necessary to determine the depth of thoracic subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and to correlate this with body mass index (BMI). RESULTS: Computerised-tomography images of the thorax of 55 patients with a diagnosis of obesity or morbid obesity (mean BMI 45...
November 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115003/impact-of-hypercortisolism-on-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-adipose-tissue-mass-in-patients-with-adrenal-adenomas
#14
Danae A Delivanis, Nicole M Iñiguez-Ariza, Muhammad H Zeb, Michael R Moynagh, Naoki Takahashi, Travis J McKenzie, Melinda A Thomas, Charalambos Gogos, William F Young, Irina Bancos, Venetsana Kyriazopoulou
CONTEXT: Abdominal visceral adiposity and central sarcopenia are markers of increased cardiovascular risk and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether central sarcopenia and adiposity can serve as a marker of disease severity in patients with adrenal adenomas and glucocorticoid secretory autonomy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PATIENTS: Twenty-five patients with overt Cushing syndrome (CS), 48 patients with mild autonomous cortisol excess (MACE), and 32 patients with a non-functioning adrenal tumor (NFAT) were included...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114355/molecular-cytogenetic-characterization-and-comparison-of-the-two-cultivated-canavalia-species-fabaceae
#15
Chao-Wen She, Lin Wei, Xiang-Hui Jiang
The two cultivated Canavalia (Adanson, 1763) species, Canavalia gladiata (N. J. von Jacquin, 1788) A. P. de Candolle, 1825 and Canavalia ensiformis (Linnaeus, 1753) A. P. de Candolle, 1825 are closely related based on morphological and molecular phylogenetic data. However, the similarities and differences in genome organization between them have not been evaluated at molecular cytogenetic level. Here, detailed karyotypes of both species were constructed using combined PI and DAPI (CPD) staining, rDNA-FISH and self-genomic in situ hybridization (sGISH)...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111989/improvements-in-psychological-health-following-a-residential-yoga-based-program-for-frontline-professionals
#16
Natalie Trent, Mindy Miraglia, Jeffery Dusek, Edi Pasalis, Sat Bir Singh Khalsa
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a residential yoga-based program on psychological health and health behaviors in frontline professionals. METHODS: Frontline professionals from education, health care, human services, and corrections participated in the RISE (Resilience, Integration, Self-awareness, Engagement) program and completed questionnaires at baseline, post-program, and 2 months following RISE. RESULTS: Paired samples t tests revealed improvements in mindfulness, stress, resilience, affect, and sleep quality from baseline to post-program (all Ps < 0...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106935/completing-fishing-monitoring-with-spaceborne-vessel-detection-system-vds-and-automatic-identification-system-ais-to-assess-illegal-fishing-in-indonesia
#17
Nicolas Longépé, Guillaume Hajduch, Romy Ardianto, Romain de Joux, Béatrice Nhunfat, Marza I Marzuki, Ronan Fablet, Indra Hermawan, Olivier Germain, Berny A Subki, Riza Farhan, Ahmad Deni Muttaqin, Philippe Gaspar
The Indonesian fisheries management system is now equipped with the state-of-the-art technologies to deter and combat Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing. Since October 2014, non-cooperative fishing vessels can be detected from spaceborne Vessel Detection System (VDS) based on high resolution radar imagery, which directly benefits to coordinated patrol vessels in operation context. This study attempts to monitor the amount of illegal fishing in the Arafura Sea based on this new source of information...
October 26, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105287/gut-microbiota-interacts-with-markers-of-adipose-tissue-browning-insulin-action-and-plasma-acetate-in-morbid-obesity
#18
José María Moreno-Navarrete, Matteo Serino, Vincent Blasco-Baque, Vincent Azalbert, Richard H Barton, Marina Cardellini, Jèssica Latorre, Francisco Ortega, Mònica Sabater-Masdeu, Rémy Burcelin, Marc-Emmanuel Dumas, Wifredo Ricart, Massimo Federici, José Manuel Fernández-Real
SCOPE: To examine the potential relationship among gene expression markers of adipose tissue browning, gut microbiota and insulin sensitivity in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: Gut microbiota composition and gene markers of browning were analysed in subcutaneous (SAT) and visceral (VAT) adipose tissue from morbidly obese subjects (n = 34). Plasma acetate was measured through (1) H NMR and insulin sensitivity using euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp. Subjects with insulin resistance showed an increase in the relative abundance (RA) of the phyla Bacteroidetes and Proteobacteria while RA of Firmicutes was decreased...
November 3, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101335/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-reveals-potentially-novel-roles-of-homeobox-genes-in-adipose-deposition-in-fat-tailed-sheep
#19
Danju Kang, Guangxian Zhou, Shiwei Zhou, Jie Zeng, Xiaolong Wang, Yu Jiang, Yuxin Yang, Yulin Chen
Adipose tissues are phenotypically, metabolically and functionally heterogeneous based on the sites of their deposition. Undesirable fat deposits in the body are often detrimental to animal and human health. To unravel the potential underlying mechanisms governing accumulation of adipose tissues in various regions of the body, i.e., subcutaneous (SAT), visceral (VAT) and tail (TAT), we profiled transcriptomes from Tan sheep, a Chinese indigenous breed with notable fat tail using RNA-seq. Upon comparison, we identified a total of 1,058 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the three adipose types (218, 324, and 795 in SAT/VAT, SAT/TAT, and VAT/TAT, respectively), from which several known key players were identified that are involved in lipid metabolic process, Wnt signals, Vitamin A metabolism, and transcriptional regulation of adipocyte differentiation...
November 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094992/the-replicability-of-the-negative-testing-effect-differences-across-participant-populations
#20
Neil W Mulligan, Katherine A Rawson, Daniel J Peterson, Kathryn T Wissman
Although memory retrieval often enhances subsequent memory, Peterson and Mulligan (2013) reported conditions under which retrieval produces poorer subsequent recall-the negative testing effect. The item-specific-relational account proposes that the effect occurs when retrieval disrupts interitem organizational processing relative to the restudy condition. Rawson et al. (2015), in contrast, failed to replicate the negative testing effect despite repeated high-powered attempts. This article examines the discrepant results, ruling out differences in procedures, and concludes that differences in participant population produced the varying outcome...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
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