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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550500/acute-and-long-term-effects-of-intracerebroventricular-administration-of-%C3%AE-ketoisocaproic-acid-on-oxidative-stress-parameters-and-cognitive-and-noncognitive-behaviors
#1
Luciane Taschetto, Giselli Scaini, Hugo G Zapelini, Ândrea C Ramos, Giulia Strapazzon, Vanessa M Andrade, Gislaine Z Réus, Monique Michels, Felipe Dal-Pizzol, João Quevedo, Patrícia F Schuck, Gustavo C Ferreira, Emilio L Streck
Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD) is biochemically characterized by elevated levels of leucine, isoleucine and valine, as well as their corresponding transaminated branched-chain α-keto acids in tissue and biological fluids. Neurological symptoms and cerebral abnormalities, whose mechanisms are still unknown, are typical of this metabolic disorder. In the present study, we evaluated the early effects (1 h after injection) and long-term effects (15 days after injection) of a single intracerebroventricular administration of α-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC) on oxidative stress parameters and cognitive and noncognitive behaviors...
May 27, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549374/metabolic-engineering-of-escherichia-coli-to-high-efficient-synthesis-phenylacetic-acid-from-phenylalanine
#2
Lihua Zhang, Qian Liu, Hong Pan, Xun Li, Daoyi Guo
Phenylacetic acid (PAA) is a fine chemical with a high industrial demand for its widespread uses. Whereas, microorganic synthesis of PAA is impeded by the formation of by-product phenethyl alcohol due to quick, endogenous, and superfluous conversion of aldehydes to their corresponding alcohols, which resulted in less conversation of PAA from aldehydes. In this study, an Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655 strain with reduced aromatic aldehyde reduction (RARE) that does duty for a platform for aromatic aldehyde biosynthesis was used to prompt more PAA biosynthesis...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544816/analytical-characterization-of-three-cathinone-derivatives-4-mpd-4%C3%A2-f-php-and-bk-epdp-purchased-as-bulk-powder-from-online-vendors
#3
Orapan Apirakkan, Anca Frinculescu, Trevor Shine, Mark C Parkin, Agostino Cilibrizzi, Nunzianda Frascione, Vincenzo Abbate
Novel emerging drugs of abuse, also referred as new psychoactive substances (NPS), constitute an ever-changing mixture of chemical compounds designed to circumvent legislative controls by means of chemical modifications of previously banned recreational drugs. One of such class, synthetic cathinones, namely β-keto derivatives of amphetamines, has been largely abused over the past decade. A number of new synthetic cathinones are detected each year, either in bulk powders/crystals or in biological matrices. It is therefore important to continuously monitor the supply of new synthetic derivatives and promptly report them...
May 23, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544633/extraction-and-purification-of-five-terpenoids-from-olibanum-by-ultrahigh-pressure-technique-and-high-speed-counter-current-chromatography
#4
Jinqian Yu, Hongwei Zhao, Daijie Wang, Xiangyun Song, Lei Zhao, Xiao Wang
Five terpenoids, including two new ones, 3,7-dioxo-tirucalla-8,24-dien-21-oic acid (2) and 3α-acetoxyl-7-oxo-tirucalla-8,24-dien-21-oic acid (3), and three known ones, boscartol A (1), 11-keto-β-boswellic acid (4), and acetyl-11-keto-boswellic acid (5), have been extracted by the ultra-pressure extraction and purified by pH-zone-refining counter-current chromatography and high-speed counter-current chromatography from olibanum. For ultra-pressure extraction, the optimal condition including 200 megapascal of extraction pressure, ethyl acetate of extraction solvent, 1:20 (g/mL) of solid/liquid ratio and 2 min of extraction time were obtained...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539045/a-palladium-catalyzed-%C3%AE-arylation-of-oxindoles-with-aryl-tosylates
#5
Jindian Duan, Fuk Yee Kwong
A palladium-catalyzed mono-selective C3-arylation of 2-oxindoles with aryl tosylates is described. With the Pd/CM-phos catalyst system, the corresponding 3-arylated oxindoles can be obtained in good-to-excellent yields (up to 97%). The reaction conditions are mild (using 0.5 mol% Pd in general and KF as base) and common functional groups, such as methyl ester, NH amido and enolizable keto moieties are found compatible.
May 25, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537302/synthesis-of-benzil-o-carboxylate-derivatives-and-isocoumarins-through-neighboring-ester-participating-bromocyclizations-of-o-alkynylbenzoates
#6
Si-Tian Yuan, Hongwei Zhou, Lianpeng Zhang, Jin-Biao Liu, Guanyinsheng Qiu
Bromide mediated neighboring ester-participating bromocyclizations of o-alkynylbenzoates are described here for the synthesis of benzil-o-carboxylates. 4-bromoisocoumarins are also synthesized when phenyl o-alkynylbenzoate is used as the substrate. Mechanistic studies suggest that the whole process is composed of an electrophilic bromocyclization and a dibromohydration-based ring-opening, and the neighboring ester group participates in the bromocyclization. Interestingly, the two oxygen atoms of the keto carbonyls in benzil-o-carboxylates are both derived from water...
May 24, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533794/boron-supply-enhances-aluminum-tolerance-in-root-border-cells-of-pea-pisum-sativum-by-interacting-with-cell-wall-pectins
#7
Xue Wen Li, Jia You Liu, Jing Fang, Lin Tao, Ren Fang Shen, Ya Lin Li, Hong Dong Xiao, Ying Ming Feng, Hai Xiang Wen, Jia Hua Guan, Li Shu Wu, Yong Ming He, Heiner E Goldbach, Min Yu
Aluminum (Al) toxicity is the primary factor limiting crop growth in acidic soils. Boron (B) alleviates Al toxicity in plants, which is mainly considered to be due to the formation of Rhamnogalacturonan II-B (RGII-B) complexes, which helps to stabilize the cytoskeleton. It is unclear yet whether this is due to the increasing of net negative charges and/or further mechanisms. Kinetics of Al accumulation and adsorption were investigated using entire cells, cell wall and pectin of root border cells (RBCs) of pea (Pisum sativum), to reveal the mechanism of B in interacting with alkali-soluble and chelator-soluble pectin for an increased Al tolerance in RBCs...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530302/a-dynamic-kinetic-asymmetric-transfer-hydrogenation-cyclization-tandem-reaction-an-easy-access-to-chiral-3-4-dihydro-2h-pyran-carbonitriles
#8
Dongsong Zheng, Qiankun Zhao, Xiaoying Hu, Tanyu Cheng, Guohua Liu, Wei Wang
A chiral (mesitylene)RuCl(monosulfonated diamine) catalysed dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR)-asymmetric transfer hydrogenation (ATH) process is developed for highly enantio- (up to 99% ee) and diastereo- (up to 98 : 2 dr) selective reduction of challenging racemic α-aryl-γ-keto malononitriles. A spontaneous cyclization reaction of the hydrogenation products delivers a cascade process for efficient synthesis of useful enantioenriched 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran-carbonitriles.
May 22, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529801/crystal-structure-of-n-hy-droxy-quinoline-2-carboxamide-monohydrate
#9
Inna S Safyanova, Kateryna A Ohui, Iryna V Omelchenko, Svitlana V Shyshkina
The title compound, C10H8N2O2·H2O, consists of an N-hy-droxy-quinoline-2-carboxamide mol-ecule in the keto tautomeric form and a water mol-ecule connected through an O-H⋯O hydrogen bond. The N-hy-droxy-quinoline-2-carboxamide mol-ecule has a nearly planar structure [maximum deviation = 0.062 (1) Å] and only the hy-droxy H atom deviates significantly from the mol-ecule plane. In the crystal, π-π stacking between the aromatic rings [inter-centroid distance = 3.887 (1) Å] and inter-molecular O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds organize the crystal components into columns extending along the b-axis direction...
May 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528494/carotenoid-to-bacteriochlorophyll-energy-transfer-in-the-rc-lh1-pufx-complex-from-rhodobacter-sphaeroides-containing-the-extended-conjugation-keto-carotenoid-diketospirilloxanthin
#10
Václav Šlouf, Gürkan Keşan, Radek Litvín, David J K Swainsbury, Elizabeth C Martin, C Neil Hunter, Tomáš Polívka
RC-LH1-PufX complexes from a genetically modified strain of Rhodobacter sphaeroides that accumulates carotenoids with very long conjugation were studied by ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy. The complexes predominantly bind the carotenoid diketospirilloxanthin, constituting about 75% of the total carotenoids, which has 13 conjugated C=C bonds, and the conjugation is further extended to two terminal keto groups. Excitation of diketospirilloxanthin in the RC-LH1-PufX complex demonstrates fully functional energy transfer from diketospirilloxanthin to BChl a in the LH1 antenna...
May 20, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527032/methylone-and-mdpv-activate-autophagy-in-human-dopaminergic-sh-sy5y-cells-a-new-insight-into-the-context-of-%C3%AE-keto-amphetamines-related-neurotoxicity
#11
Maria João Valente, Cristina Amaral, Georgina Correia-da-Silva, José Alberto Duarte, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Félix Carvalho, Paula Guedes de Pinho, Márcia Carvalho
Autophagy has an essential role in neuronal homeostasis and its dysregulation has been recently linked to neurotoxic effects of a growing list of psychoactive drugs, including amphetamines. However, the role of autophagy in β-keto amphetamine (β-KA) designer drugs-induced neurotoxicity has hitherto not been investigated. In the present study, we show that two commonly abused cathinone derivatives, 3,4-methylenedioxymethcathinone (methylone) and 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), elicit morphological changes consistent with autophagy and neurodegeneration, including formation of autophagic vacuoles and neurite retraction in dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells...
May 19, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525862/application-of-nirs-coupled-with-pls-regression-as-a-rapid-non-destructive-alternative-method-for-quantification-of-kba-in-boswellia-sacra
#12
Ahmed Al-Harrasi, Najeeb Ur Rehman, Fazal Mabood, Muhammaed Albroumi, Liaqat Ali, Javid Hussain, Hidayat Hussain, René Csuk, Abdul Latif Khan, Tanveer Alam, Saif Alameri
In the present study, for the first time, NIR spectroscopy coupled with PLS regression as a rapid and alternative method was developed to quantify the amount of Keto-β-Boswellic Acid (KBA) in different plant parts of Boswellia sacra and the resin exudates of the trunk. NIR spectroscopy was used for the measurement of KBA standards and B. sacra samples in absorption mode in the wavelength range from 700-2500nm. PLS regression model was built from the obtained spectral data using 70% of KBA standards (training set) in the range from 0...
May 10, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522759/effect-of-cyclooxygenase-inhibition-on-the-inspiratory-muscle-metaboreflex-induced-cardiovascular-consequences-in-men
#13
Joshua R Smith, Kaylin D Didier, Shane M Hammer, Andrew M Alexander, Stephanie P Kurti, Steven W Copp, Thomas J Barstow, Craig A Harms
Inspiratory muscle metaboreflex activation increases mean arterial pressure (MAP) and limb vascular resistance (LVR) and decreases limb blood flow (Q̇L). Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition has been found to attenuate limb skeletal muscle metaboreflex-induced increases in muscle sympathetic nerve activity. We hypothesized that compared to placebo (PLA), COX inhibition would attenuate inspiratory muscle metaboreflex-induced 1) increases in MAP and LVR and 2) decreases in Q̇L Seven men (22±1 years) were recruited and orally consumed ibuprofen (IB, 10mg/kg) or PLA 90 min prior to performing the cold pressor test (CPT) for 2 min and inspiratory resistive breathing task (IRBT) for 14...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515019/serum-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-metabolites-as-useful-tool-for-screening-potential-biomarker-of-colorectal-cancer
#14
Li-Jian Zhang, Bin Chen, Jun-Jie Zhang, Jian Li, Qingjing Yang, Qi-Sheng Zhong, Song Zhan, Huwei Liu, Chun Cai
The biomarker identification of cancer is benefit for early detection and less invasion. Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolite as inflammatory mediators can affect progression and treatment of cancer. In this work, the serum was collected from colorectal cancer patients and healthy volunteers, and then we tested the change of serum PUFA metabolites in both of them by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Of the 158 PUFA and their metabolites, we found that abnormal change of 2, 3-dinor-8-iso-PGF2α, 19-HETE and 12-keto-LTB4 from arachidonic acid were observed in colorectal cancer patients...
May 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514443/cancer-progression-by-reprogrammed-bcaa-metabolism-in-myeloid-leukaemia
#15
Ayuna Hattori, Makoto Tsunoda, Takaaki Konuma, Masayuki Kobayashi, Tamas Nagy, John Glushka, Fariba Tayyari, Daniel McSkimming, Natarajan Kannan, Arinobu Tojo, Arthur S Edison, Takahiro Ito
Reprogrammed cellular metabolism is a common characteristic observed in various cancers. However, whether metabolic changes directly regulate cancer development and progression remains poorly understood. Here we show that BCAT1, a cytosolic aminotransferase for branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), is aberrantly activated and functionally required for chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) in humans and in mouse models of CML. BCAT1 is upregulated during progression of CML and promotes BCAA production in leukaemia cells by aminating the branched-chain keto acids...
May 17, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513469/amplified-excited-state-intramolecular-proton-transfer-esipt-fluorescence-of-butterfly-shaped-bis-2-6-dibenzothiazolylphenol
#16
Xuan Zhang, Wei-Wei Ma
A butterfly-shaped benzothiazole derivative, bis-2,6-dibenzothiazolylphenol (2), was synthesized via 4-methylene bridging two 2,6-dibenzothiazolylphenol (1) molecules, and the excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) fluorescence of 1 and 2 were comparably investigated by steady-state spectroscopic experiments with the aid of theoretical simulations for structure and energy. It was found that 2 showed similar ESIPT emissions to those of 1 in solution and solid states, but the ESIPT fluorescence quantum yield was substantially amplified in the case of more "integrated" 2...
May 17, 2017: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511808/astaxanthin-from-shrimp-efficiently-modulates-oxidative-stress-and-allied-cell-death-progression-in-mcf-7-cells-treated-synergistically-with-%C3%AE-carotene-and-lutein-from-greens
#17
Poorigali Raghavendra-Rao Sowmya, Bangalore Prabhashankar Arathi, Kariyappa Vijay, Vallikannan Baskaran, Rangaswamy Lakshminarayana
This study investigated the synergistic efficacy of keto-carotenoid astaxanthin (AST, from shrimp) plus hydrocarbon (β-carotene, BC) and hydroxyl (lutein, L) carotenoids (from greens) on molecular events in MCF-7 cells. MCF-7 cells were treated with either of carotenoid (20 μM, AST or BC or L) separately or the mixture of them (an equimolar concentration of carotenoids mixture, CM) or saponified carotenoid extract from shrimp (SSCE) for 48 h and analyzed cellular uptake, cytotoxicity, and apoptosis. The IC50 and combination-index values of AST co-treatment with a lower concentration of BC and L (5 μM) exhibited enhanced cytotoxicity and oxidative stress as compared with individual carotenoids or SSCE...
May 13, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506753/phenylbenzenesulfonates-and-sulfonamides-as-17%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-type-2-inhibitors-synthesis-and-sar-analysis
#18
Anna Vuorinen, Roger T Engeli, Susanne Leugger, Christoph R Kreutz, Daniela Schuster, Alex Odermatt, Barbara Matuszczak
17β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (17β-HSD2) converts the potent estrogen estradiol into the weakly active keto form estrone. Because of its expression in bone, inhibition of 17β-HSD2 provides an attractive strategy for the treatment of osteoporosis, a condition that is often caused by a decrease of the active sex steroids. Currently, there are no drugs on the market targeting 17β-HSD2, but in multiple studies, synthesis and biological evaluation of promising 17β-HSD2 inhibitors have been reported...
May 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505390/correlation-between-chiral-modifier-adsorption-and-enantioselectivity-in-hydrogenation-catalysis
#19
Yufei Ni, Alexander D Gordon, Florisa Tanicala, Francisco Zaera
DE-SC0008703 By combining infrared absorption spectroscopy, performed in situ at the solid-liquid interface, with the use of a set of related compounds with targeted substitutions, the adsorption on the surface of platinum supported catalysts of 1-(1-naphthyl)-ethylamine (NEA), used as a chiral modifier in hydrogenation catalysis, was determined to occur via the amine group, not the aromatic ring as widely believed. It was established that neither naphthalene-based molecules without amine groups nor ones with tertiary amine moieties are capable of adsorbing on the metal surface to any significant extent...
May 15, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503204/ultrasound-promoted-organocatalytic-enamine-azide-3-2-cycloaddition-reactions-for-the-synthesis-of-arylselanyl-phenyl-1h-1-2-3-triazol-4-yl-ketones
#20
Gabriel P Costa, Natália Seus, Juliano A Roehrs, Raquel G Jacob, Ricardo F Schumacher, Thiago Barcellos, Rafael Luque, Diego Alves
The use of sonochemistry is described in the organocatalytic enamine-azide [3 + 2] cycloaddition between 1,3-diketones and aryl azidophenyl selenides. These sonochemically promoted reactions were found to be amenable to a range of 1,3-diketones or aryl azidophenyl selenides, providing an efficient access to new ((arylselanyl)phenyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)ketones in good to excellent yields and short reaction times. In addition, this protocol was extended to β-keto esters, β-keto amides and α-cyano ketones...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
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