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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231587/potential-biomarkers-for-the-diagnosis-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor-induced-angioedema
#1
Murat Bas, Katharina Storck, Ulrich Strassen
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced angioedema (ACEi-AE) is the most frequent drug-induced angioedema. The aim of this study was to evaluate potential biomarkers for the detection of the risk to develop an ACEi-AE. METHODS: Adult patients who started antihypertensive treatment with ramipril were included and followed up for 4-6 weeks. At baseline, 3 days, and 4-6 weeks after onset of therapy, blood samples were obtained. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients could be enrolled...
February 24, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230304/dual-nickel-and-photoredox-catalyzed-enantioselective-desymmetrization-of-cyclic-meso-anhydrides
#2
Erin E Stache, Tomislav Rovis, Abigail G Doyle
The enantioselective desymmetrization of cyclic meso-anhydrides with benzyl trifluoroborates under nickel-photoredox catalysis is described. The reaction tolerates a variety of sterically and electronically different trifluoroborates, as well as structurally unique cyclic anhydrides. The trans isomer of the keto-acid products is also observed at varying levels dependent on the trifluoroborate identity and relative catalyst loading. A mechanism involving decarbonylation and Ni-C bond homolysis of a Ni(II) adduct is proposed...
February 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228357/activation-of-mtor-i%C3%AE%C2%BAb-%C3%AE-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-contributes-to-lps-induced-hypotension-and-inflammation-in-rats
#3
Meryem Temiz-Resitoglu, Sefika Pinar Kucukkavruk, Demet Sinem Guden, Pelin Cecen, Ayse Nihal Sari, Bahar Tunctan, Aysegul Gorur, Lulufer Tamer-Gumus, Cuneyt Kemal Buharalioglu, Kafait U Malik, Seyhan Sahan-Firat
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a serine/threonine kinase plays an important role in various pathophysiological processes including cancer, metabolic diseases, and inflammation. Although mTOR participates in Toll-like receptor 4 signalling in different cell types, the role of this enzyme in sepsis pathogenesis and its effects on hypotension and inflammation in endotoxemic rats remains unclear. In this study we investigated the effects of mTOR inhibition on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced changes on expressions and/or activities of ribosomal protein S6 (rpS6), an mTOR substrate, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65, inhibitor κB (IκB)-α, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 with production of nitric oxide, peroxynitrite, prostacyclin, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO), which results in hypotension and inflammation...
February 19, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225296/development-and-validation-of-an-lc-ms-ms-method-for-simultaneously-determining-doxapram-and-keto-doxapram-in-human-serum
#4
Yuki Suzuki, Noboru Kamada, Hitoshi Ohno, Yoshikazu Abe, Takuro Endo, Mamoru Kobayashi
AIM: Doxapram, a respiratory stimulant, is used to treat apnea. A reliable method of determining doxapram in blood is required for monitoring purposes. RESULTS: Doxapram, keto-doxapram (active metabolite) and propranolol (internal standard) were extracted from human serum by protein precipitation and plate filtration. Molecular ions were generated by electrospray ionization in positive ion mode, and the ions were analyzed using a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer...
February 22, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222349/aldo-keto-reductase-1-akr1-protect-cellular-enzymes-from-salt-stress-by-detoxifying-reactive-cytotoxic-compounds
#5
Ramu S Vemanna, K C Babitha, Jayant K Solanki, V Amarnatha Reddy, S K Sarangi, M Udayakumar
Cytotoxic compounds like reactive carbonyl compounds such as methylglyoxal (MG), melandialdehyde (MDA), besides the ROS accumulate significantly at higher levels under salinity stress conditions and affect lipids and proteins that inhibit plant growth and productivity. The detoxification of these cytotoxic compounds by overexpression of NADPH-dependent Aldo-ketoreductase (AKR1) enzyme enhances the salinity stress tolerance in tobacco. The PsAKR1 overexpression plants showed higher survival and chlorophyll content and reduced MDA, H2O2, and MG levels under NaCl stress...
February 13, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221047/excited-state-proton-transfer-in-indigo
#6
Joao Pina, Daniela Santos Sarmento, Marco Accoto, Pier Luigi Gentili, Luigi Vaccaro, Adelino M Galvão, J Sérgio Seixas de Melo
Excited state proton transfer (ESPT) in Indigo (Ind) and its mono hexyl-substituted derivative (NHxInd) in solution was investigated experimentally as a function of solvent viscosity, polarity and temperature, and theoretically by time-dependent DFT (TDDFT) calculations. Although a single emission band is observed, the fluorescence decays (collected at different wavelengths along the emission band using time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC)) are bi-exponential, with two identical decay times but different pre-exponential factors, consistent with the existence of excited state keto and enol species...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221041/dialkyl-phosphite-initiated-cyclopropanation-of-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-unsaturated-ketones-using-%C3%AE-ketoesters-or-isatin-derivatives
#7
Deng Yin, Hui Liu, Chong-Dao Lu, Yan-Jun Xu
Efficient cyclopropanation of α,β-unsaturated ketones using α-ketoesters or isatin derivatives is reported. The cyclopropanation reaction occurs via a cascade transformation that starts with addition of deprotonated dialkyl phosphite to the keto groups of α-ketoesters or isatin derivatives, followed by [1,2]-phosphonate/phosphate rearrangement to generate α-phosphonyloxyenolate intermediates, which are trapped by α,β-unsaturated ketones via Michael addition/ring closure. This protocol was used to synthesize tetra-substituted cyclopropanes with a 1,2-cis-1,3-trans configuration in high yield with excellent diastereoselectivity...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220169/mg-ome-2-promoted-allylic-isomerization-of-%C3%AE-hydroxy-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-alkenoic-esters-to-synthesize-%C3%AE-ketone-esters
#8
Luhao Lai, A-Ni Li, Jiawei Zhou, Yarong Guo, Li Lin, Wei Chen, Rui Wang
This work concerns the Mg(OMe)2 promoted allylic isomerization of γ-hydroxy-α,β-alkenoic esters with TMEDA as an additive. The isomerization proceeded under mild conditions and afforded γ-keto esters in high yield (up to 96%) within 2 h. Both (Z)- and (E)-γ-hydroxy-α,β-alkenoic esters were tolerated under the reaction conditions. This transformation involves the in situ formation of a dienolate intermediate from the easily accessible γ-hydroxy-α,β-alkenoic ester. The in situ generated dienolate can react with benzaldehyde and undergo a practical, useful tandem allylic isomerization-Aldol reaction to afford more functionalized compounds...
February 21, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219640/identification-and-characterization-of-functional-antioxidant-response-elements-in-the-promoter-of-the-aldo-keto-reductase-akr1b10-gene
#9
Toru Nishinaka, Takeshi Miura, Kahori Shimizu, Tomoyuki Terada
AKR1B10 is a human-type aldo-keto reductase. The up-regulation of AKR1B10 has been associated with various cancers including non-small cell lung carcinoma, viral and bacterial infections, and skin diseases. However, the mechanisms underlying AKR1B10 gene regulation are not fully understood. We previously indicated the involvement of the transcription factor Nrf2 in AKR1B10 gene regulation. There are at least five potential Nrf2-responsive consensus sequences, so-called antioxidant response elements (AREs), and several ARE-like sequences in the 5'-flanking region up to -3282 bp of the AKR1B10 gene...
February 17, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217347/crystal-structure-of-e-4-hy-droxy-6-methyl-3-1-2-4-nitro-phen-yl-hydrazinyl-idene-eth-yl-2h-pyran-2-one
#10
Kirandeep, Ahmad Husain, Pooja Negi, Girijesh Kumar, Ramesh Kataria
The title compound, C14H13N3O5 (HMNP), was synthesized by the simple condensation of p-nitro-phenyl-hydrazine with de-hydro-acetic acid (DHA) in a 1:1 molar ratio in ethanol. HMNP has been characterized by using FT-IR, (1)H and (13)C NMR and UV-Vis spectroscopic and single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The crystal packing reveals strong hydrogen bonds between the NH group and the carbonyl O atom of di-hydro-pyran-one moiety, forming chains along [101]. The thermal stability of the synthesized compound was confirmed by thermogravimetric analysis and it was found to be stable up to 513 K...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216576/identification-of-2-keto-3-deoxy-d-gluconate-kinase-and-2-keto-3-deoxy-d-phosphogluconate-aldolase-in-an-alginate-assimilating-bacterium-flavobacterium-sp-strain-umi-01
#11
Ryuji Nishiyama, Akira Inoue, Takao Ojima
Recently, we identified an alginate-assimilating gene cluster in the genome of Flavobacterium sp. strain UMI-01, a member of Bacteroidetes. Alginate lyase genes and a 4-deoxy-l-erythro-5-hexoseulose uronic acid (DEH) reductase gene in the cluster have already been characterized; however, 2-keto-3-deoxy-d-gluconate (KDG) kinase and 2-keto-3-deoxy-6-phosphogluconate (KDPG) aldolase genes, i.e., flkin and flald, still remained uncharacterized. The amino acid sequences deduced from flkin and flald showed low identities with those of corresponding enzymes of Saccharophagus degradans 2-40(T), a member of Proteobacteria (Kim et al...
February 14, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214879/thiamine-deprivation-produces-a-liver-atp-deficit-and-metabolic-and-genomic-effects-in-mice-findings-are-parallel-to-those-of-biotin-deficiency-and-have-implications-for-energy-disorders
#12
Alain de J Hernandez-Vazquez, Josue Andres Garcia-Sanchez, Elizabeth Moreno-Arriola, Ana Salvador-Adriano, Daniel Ortega-Cuellar, Antonio Velazquez-Arellano
Thiamine is one of several essential cofactors for ATP generation. Its deficiency, like in beriberi and in the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, has been studied for many decades. However, its mechanism of action is still not completely understood at the cellular and molecular levels. Since it acts as a coenzyme for dehydrogenases of pyruvate, branched-chain keto acids, and ketoglutarate, its nutritional privation is partly a phenocopy of inborn errors of metabolism, among them maple syrup urine disease. In the present paper, we report metabolic and genomic findings in mice deprived of thiamine...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207021/lmct-facilitated-room-temperature-phosphorescence-and-energy-transfer-in-substituted-thiophenolates-of-gd-and-yb
#13
Vasily A Ilichev, Anton V Rozhkov, Roman V Rumyantcev, Georgy K Fukin, Ivan D Grishin, Artem V Dmitriev, Dmitry A Lypenko, Eugeny I Maltsev, Artem N Yablonskiy, Boris A Andreev, Mikhail N Bochkarev
To obtain luminescent lanthanide complexes with a low energy LMCT state the 2-(2'-mercaptophenyl)benzothiazolates, Ln(SSN)3, and 2-(2'-mercaptophenyl)benzoxazolates, Ln2(OSN)6 (Ln = Gd, Yb), were synthesized by the reaction of amides Ln[N(SiMe3)2]3 with respective thiophenols. Ytterbium complexes were structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis. Cyclic voltammetry revealed that the deprotonated mercaptophenyl ligands have significantly lower oxidation potentials than their phenoxy analogues and some β-diketones...
February 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196134/alterations-in-estrogen-signalling-pathways-upon-acquisition-of-anthracycline-resistance-in-breast-tumor-cells
#14
Simon Chewchuk, Baoqing Guo, Amadeo Mark Parissenti
Intrinsic or acquired drug resistance is a major impediment to the successful treatment of women with breast cancer using chemotherapy. We have observed that MCF-7 breast tumor cells selected for resistance to doxorubicin or epirubicin (MCF-7DOX2 and MCF-7EPI cells, respectively) exhibited increased expression of several members of the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) gene family (in particular AKR1C3 and AKR1B10) relative to control MCF-7CC cells selected by propagation in the absence of drug. Normal cellular roles for the AKRs include the promotion of estrogen (E2) synthesis from estrone (E1) and the hydroxylation and detoxification of exogenous xenobiotics such as anthracycline chemotherapy drugs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194849/enantioselective-aza-ene-type-reactions-of-enamides-with-gold-carbenes-generated-from-%C3%AE-diazoesters
#15
Feng Zhao, Nan Li, Tao Zhang, Zhi-Yong Han, Shi-Wei Luo, Liu-Zhu Gong
Carbophilic gold carbenes generated from the decomposition of α-diazoesters show high reactivity towards enamides, leading to an unprecedented aza-ene-type reaction. The presence of 0.1 mol % of a chiral Brønsted acid co-catalyst is sufficient to give synthetically relevant γ-keto esters in excellent yields and selectivities (up to 99 % yield, 97 % ee).
February 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193630/mycolates-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-modulate-the-flow-of-cholesterol-for-bacillary-proliferation-in-murine-macrophages
#16
Ilke Vermeulen, Mark Baird, Juma Al-Dulayymi, Muriel Smet, Jan Verschoor, Johan Grooten
The differentiation of macrophages into lipid-filled foam cells is a hallmark of the lung granuloma that forms in patients with active tuberculosis (TB). Mycolic acids (MAs), the abundant lipid virulence factors in the cell wall of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), can induce this foam phenotype possibly as a way to perturb host cell lipid homeostasis to support the infection. It is not exactly clear how MAs allow differentiation of foam cells during Mtb infection. Here we investigated how chemically synthetic MAs, each with a defined stereochemistry similar to natural Mtb-associated mycolates, influence cell foamy phenotype and mycobacterial proliferation in murine host macrophages...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193330/conversion-of-cysteine-to-3-mercaptopyruvic-acid-by-bacterial-aminotransferases
#17
Christina Andreeßen, Vanessa Gerlt, Alexander Steinbüchel
3-Mercaptopyruvate (3MPy), a structural analog of 3-mercaptopropionic acid, is a precursor compound for biosynthesis of polythioesters in bacteria. The cost-effectiveness and sustainability of the whole process could be greatly improved by using the cysteine degradation pathway for an intracellular supply of 3MPy. Transamination of cysteine to its corresponding α-keto acid 3MPy is catalyzed by cysteine aminotransferases (CAT). However, CAT activity has so far not been described for bacterial aminotransferases (AT), and it was unknown whether they can be applied for the conversion of cysteine to 3MPy...
April 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181486/high-expression-of-akr1b10-predicts-low-risk-of-early-tumor-recurrence-in-patients-with-hepatitis-b-virus-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Yan-Yan Wang, Lu-Nan Qi, Jian-Hong Zhong, Hong-Gui Qin, Jia-Zhou Ye, Shi-Dong Lu, Liang Ma, Bang-De Xiang, Le-Qun Li, Xue-Mei You
To clarify the relationship between aldo-keto reductase family 1 member B10 (AKR1B10) expression and early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence, this study detected AKR1B10 expression in tumor and adjacent non-tumor tissues from 110 patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC underwent liver resection and analyzed its correlations with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of these patients. Detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, AKR1B10 mRNA expression showed significantly higher in HCC tissues than in adjacent non-tumor tissues, with a low level in normal liver tissues...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181382/selected-mutations-reveal-new-intermediates-in-the-biosynthesis-of-mupirocin-and-the-thiomarinol-antibiotics
#19
Shu-Shan Gao, Luoyi Wang, Zhongshu Song, Joanne Hothersall, Elton R Stevens, Jack Connolly, Peter J Winn, Russell J Cox, Matthew P Crump, Paul R Race, Christopher M Thomas, Thomas J Simpson, Christine L Willis
Thiomarinol and mupirocin are assembled on similar polyketide/fatty acid backbones and exhibit potent antibiotic activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). They both contain a tetrasubstituted tetrahydropyran (THP) ring that is essential for biological activity. Mupirocin is a mixture of pseudomonic acids (PAs). Isolation of the novel compound mupirocin P, which contains a 7-hydroxy-6-keto-substituted THP, from a ΔmupP strain and chemical complementation experiments confirm that the first step in the conversion of PA-B into the major product PA-A is oxidation at the C6 position...
February 9, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179188/diacetyl-and-related-flavorant-%C3%AE-diketones-biotransformation-cellular-interactions-and-respiratory-tract-toxicity
#20
M W Anders
Exposure to diacetyl and related α-diketones causes respiratory-tract damage in humans and experimental animals. Chemical toxicity is often associated with covalent modification of cellular nucleophiles by electrophilic chemicals. Electrophilic α-diketones may covalently modify nucleophilic arginine residues in critical proteins and, thereby, produce the observed respiratory-tract pathology. The major pathway for the biotransformation of α-diketones is reduction to α-hydroxyketones (acyloins), which is catalyzed by NAD(P)H-dependent enzymes of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) and the aldo-keto reductase (AKR) superfamilies...
February 5, 2017: Toxicology
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