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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215044/developing-caring-conversations-in-care-homes-an-appreciative-inquiry
#1
Belinda Dewar, Tamsin MacBride
Relationship-centred practice is key to delivering quality care in care homes. Evidence is strong about the centrality of human interaction in developing relationships that promote dignity and compassion. The Caring Conversations framework is a framework for delivering compassionate care based on human interactions that was developed in the acute healthcare setting. The key attributes are: be courageous, connect emotionally, be curious, consider other perspectives, collaborate, compromise and celebrate. This paper reports on a study to explore its relevance to the care home setting and the development of an educational intervention, based on the framework, to enhance development of human interaction...
February 19, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215023/hpa-axis-activation-as-a-key-moderator-of-childhood-trauma-exposure-and-adolescent-mental-health
#2
Kate R Kuhlman, Elisa G Geiss, Ivan Vargas, Nestor Lopez-Duran
Individual differences in a child's sensitivity to stress may influence whether youth exposed to trauma develop symptoms of psychopathology. We examined the interaction between HPA-axis reactivity to an acute stressor and exposure to different types of childhood trauma as predictors of mental health symptoms in a sample of youth. Youth (n = 121, ages 9-16; 47% female) completed a standardized stress task, including 5 post-stress salivary cortisol samples. Parents also completed the Child Behavior Checklist as a measure of child internalizing and externalizing symptoms in the past month, and completed the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI) as a measure of their child's trauma exposure...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214916/facial-expression-an-under-utilised-tool-for-the-assessment-of-welfare-in-mammals
#3
Kris A Descovich, Jennifer Wathan, Matthew C Leach, Hannah M Buchanan-Smith, Paul Flecknell, David Farningham, Sarah-Jane Vick
Animal welfare is a key issue for industries that use or impact upon animals. The accurate identification of welfare states is particularly relevant to the field of bioscience, where the 3Rs framework encourages refinement of experimental procedures involving animal models. The assessment and improvement of welfare states in animals is reliant on reliable and valid measurement tools. Behavioural measures (activity, attention, posture and vocalisation) are frequently used because they are immediate and non-invasive, however no single indicator can yield a complete picture of the internal state of an animal...
February 8, 2017: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214780/distress-intolerance-in-the-parents-of-substance-dependent-patients
#4
Suat Ekinci, Hanife Uğur Kural
The purpose of this study was to determine levels of Distress Tolerance (DT) and to compare levels of DT, depression, and anxiety in the parents of substance dependent patients. This sample included 40 parents of inpatients undergoing treatment for substance dependence (SDPP) in the Balıklı Rum Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. A healthy control group was recruited of 40 individuals with no Axis I diagnoses that were counterbalanced with the SDPP group in terms of age and sex. All study participants completed a sociodemographic data form and the Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the State & Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Distress Tolerance Scale...
December 24, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214770/masked-emotional-priming-a-double-dissociation-between-direct-and-indirect-effects-reveals-non-conscious-processing-of-emotional-information-beyond-valence
#5
Dirk Wentura, Michaela Rohr, Juliane Degner
We demonstrate non-conscious processing beyond valence by employing the masked emotional priming paradigm (Rohr, Degner, & Wentura, 2012) with a stimulus-onset asynchrony (SOA) variation. Emotional faces were briefly presented and directly masked, followed by the target face, using a SOA of either 43ms or 143ms. Targets were categorized as happy, angry, fearful, or sad. With short SOA, we replicated the differentiated priming effect within the negative domain (i.e., angry differentiate from fearful/sad). A direct test of prime awareness indicated that primes could not be discriminated consciously in this condition...
February 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214680/exploring-the-role-of-testosterone-in-the-cerebellum-link-to-neuroticism-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood
#6
Dennis J L G Schutter, Rosa Meuwese, Marieke G N Bos, Eveline A Crone, Jiska S Peper
Previous research has found an association between a smaller cerebellar volume and higher levels of neuroticism. The steroid hormone testosterone reduces stress responses and the susceptibility to negative mood. Together with in vitro studies showing a positive effect of testosterone on cerebellar gray matter volumes, we set out to explore the role of testosterone in the relation between cerebellar gray matter and neuroticism. Structural magnetic resonance imaging scans were acquired, and indices of neurotic personality traits were assessed by administering the depression and anxiety scale of the revised NEO personality inventory and Gray's behavioural avoidance in one hundred and forty-nine healthy volunteers between 12 and 27 years of age...
January 29, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214564/downregulation-of-gna13-erk-network-in-prefrontal-cortex-of-schizophrenia-brain-identified-by-combined-focused-and-targeted-quantitative-proteomics
#7
Mio Hirayama-Kurogi, Yohei Takizawa, Yasuto Kunii, Junya Matsumoto, Akira Wada, Mizuki Hino, Hiroyasu Akatsu, Yoshio Hashizume, Sakon Yamamoto, Takeshi Kondo, Shingo Ito, Masanori Tachikawa, Shin-Ichi Niwa, Hirooki Yabe, Tetsuya Terasaki, Mitsutoshi Setou, Sumio Ohtsuki
: Schizophrenia is a disabling mental illness associated with dysfunction of the prefrontal cortex, which affects cognition and emotion. The purpose of the present study was to identify altered molecular networks in the prefrontal cortex of schizophrenia patients by comparing protein expression levels in autopsied brains of patients and controls, using a combination of targeted and focused quantitative proteomics. We selected 125 molecules possibly related to schizophrenia for quantification by knowledge-based targeted proteomics...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214468/difficulties-experienced-by-veterinarians-when-communicating-about-emerging-zoonotic-risks-with-animal-owners-the-case-of-hendra-virus
#8
Diana H Mendez, Petra Büttner, Jenny Kelly, Madeleine Nowak, Rick Speare Posthumously
BACKGROUND: Communication skills are essential for veterinarians who need to discuss animal health related matters with their clients. When dealing with an emerging zoonosis, such as Hendra virus (HeV), veterinarians also have a legal responsibility to inform their clients about the associated risks to human health. Here we report on part of a mixed methods study that examined the preparedness of, and difficulties experienced by, veterinarians communicating about HeV-related risks with their clients...
February 18, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214167/psychometric-evaluation-and-design-of-patient-centered-communication-measures-for-cancer-care-settings
#9
Bryce B Reeve, David M Thissen, Carla M Bann, Nicole Mack, Katherine Treiman, Hanna K Sanoff, Nancy Roach, Brooke E Magnus, Jason He, Laura K Wagner, Rebecca Moultrie, Kathryn D Jackson, Courtney Mann, Lauren A McCormack
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of questions that assess patient perceptions of patient-provider communication and design measures of patient-centered communication (PCC). METHODS: Participants (adults with colon or rectal cancer living in North Carolina) completed a survey at 2 to 3 months post-diagnosis. The survey included 87 questions in six PCC Functions: Exchanging Information, Fostering Health Relationships, Making Decisions, Responding to Emotions, Enabling Patient Self-Management, and Managing Uncertainty...
February 10, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214050/communication-deficits-and-avoidance-of-angry-faces-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Ana García-Blanco, Concepción López-Soler, Máximo Vento, María Carmen García-Blanco, Belén Gago, Manuel Perea
BACKGROUND: Understanding how emotional faces are processed is important to help characterize the social deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). AIMS: We examined: (i) whether attention is modulated by emotional facial expression; (ii) the time course of the attentional preferences (short vs. long stimulus presentation rates); and (iii) the association between attentional biases and autistic symptomatology. METHOD AND PROCEDURES: We applied a dot-probe experiment with emotional faces (happy, sad, and angry)...
February 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214015/anomalous-network-architecture-of-the-resting-brain-in-children-who-stutter
#11
Soo-Eun Chang, Michael Angstadt, Ho Ming Chow, Andrew C Etchell, Emily O Garnett, Ai Leen Choo, Daniel Kessler, Robert C Welsh, Chandra Sripada
PURPOSE: We combined a large longitudinal neuroimaging dataset that includes children who do and do not stutter and a whole-brain network analysis in order to examine the intra- and inter-network connectivity changes associated with stuttering. Additionally, we asked whether whole brain connectivity patterns observed at the initial year of scanning could predict persistent stuttering in later years. METHODS: A total of 224 high-quality resting state fMRI scans collected from 84 children (42 stuttering, 42 controls) were entered into an independent component analysis (ICA), yielding a number of distinct network connectivity maps ("components") as well as expression scores for each component that quantified the degree to which it is expressed for each child...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213889/social-emotional-competence-an-essential-factor-for-promoting-positive-adjustment-and-reducing-risk-in-school-children
#12
Celene E Domitrovich, Joseph A Durlak, Katharine C Staley, Roger P Weissberg
Social-emotional competence is a critical factor to target with universal preventive interventions that are conducted in schools because the construct (a) associates with social, behavioral, and academic outcomes that are important for healthy development; (b) predicts important life outcomes in adulthood; (c) can be improved with feasible and cost-effective interventions; and (d) plays a critical role in the behavior change process. This article reviews this research and what is known about effective intervention approaches...
February 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213830/recognition-memory-for-low-and-high-frequency-filtered-emotional-faces-low-spatial-frequencies-drive-emotional-memory-enhancement-whereas-high-spatial-frequencies-drive-the-emotion-induced-recognition-bias
#13
Michaela Rohr, Johannes Tröger, Nils Michely, Alarith Uhde, Dirk Wentura
This article deals with two well-documented phenomena regarding emotional stimuli: emotional memory enhancement-that is, better long-term memory for emotional than for neutral stimuli-and the emotion-induced recognition bias-that is, a more liberal response criterion for emotional than for neutral stimuli. Studies on visual emotion perception and attention suggest that emotion-related processes can be modulated by means of spatial-frequency filtering of the presented emotional stimuli. Specifically, low spatial frequencies are assumed to play a primary role for the influence of emotion on attention and judgment...
February 17, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213829/onabotulinumtoxina-effectiveness-on-chronic-migraine-negative-emotional-states-and-sleep-quality-a-single-center-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Elif Ilgaz Aydinlar, Pinar Yalinay Dikmen, Seda Kosak, Ayse Sagduyu Kocaman
BACKGROUND: OnabotulinumtoxinA (OnabotA) is considered effective in in patients with chronic migraine (CM) who failed on traditional therapies. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of OnabotA injection series on migraine outcome, negative emotional states and sleep quality in patients with CM. METHODS: A total of 190 patients with CM (mean (SD) age: 39.3 (10.2) years; 87.9% were female) were included. Data on Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), headache frequency and severity, number of analgesics used, Migraine Disability Assessment Scale...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213803/first-experiences-with-neuropsychological-effects-of-oxytocin-administration-in-childhood-onset-craniopharyngioma
#15
Anika Hoffmann, Jale Özyurt, Kristin Lohle, Julia Reichel, Christiane M Thiel, Hermann L Müller
PURPOSE: The hypothalamic hormone oxytocin plays a major role in regulation of behavior and body composition. Quality of survival is frequently impaired in childhood craniopharyngioma patients due to sequelae such as behavioral deficits and severe obesity caused by tumor or treatment-related hypothalamic lesions. METHODS: In our pilot cross-sectional study, we analyzed emotion recognition abilities and oxytocin concentrations in saliva and urine before and after single nasal administration of 24 IU oxytocin in 10 craniopharyngioma patients...
February 17, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213722/motives-for-filing-a-false-allegation-of-rape
#16
André W E A De Zutter, Robert Horselenberg, Peter J van Koppen
The list of motives by Kanin (1994) is the most cited list of motives to file a false allegation of rape. Kanin posited that complainants file a false allegation out of revenge, to produce an alibi or to get sympathy. A new list of motives is proposed in which gain is the predominant factor. In the proposed list, complainants file a false allegation out of material gain, emotional gain, or a disturbed mental state. The list can be subdivided into eight different categories: material gain, alibi, revenge, sympathy, attention, a disturbed mental state, relabeling, or regret...
February 17, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213563/development-and-validation-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-instrument-for-skin-involvement-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#17
Ada Man, Jeannette K Correa, Jessica Ziemek, Robert W Simms, David T Felson, Robert Lafyatis
OBJECTIVES: We developed a patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument to assess the skin-related quality of life in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Participants with SSc provided input on skin-related health effects through focus groups. We developed items for scleroderma skin PRO (SSPRO) to encompass these effects. Further consideration from cognitive interviews and an expert panel led to reduction and modification of items. A 22-item SSPRO was field tested...
February 17, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213205/sensory-trigeminal-ulf-tens-stimulation-reduces-hrv-response-to-experimentally-induced-arithmetic-stress-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Monaco Annalisa, Cattaneo Ruggero, Ortu Eleonora, Constantinescu Marian Vladimir, Pietropaoli Davide
Ultra Low Frequency Transcutaneous Electric Nervous Stimulation (ULF-TENS) is extensively used for pain relief and for the diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). In addition to its local effects, ULF-TENS acts on the autonomic nervous system (ANS), with particular reference to the periaqueductal gray (PAG), promoting the release of endogenous opioids and modulating descending pain systems. It has been suggested that the PAG participates in the coupling between the emotional stimulus and the appropriate behavioral autonomic response...
February 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213189/is-heart-rate-variability-hrv-an-adequate-tool-for-evaluating-human-emotions-a-focus-on-the-use-of-the-international-affective-picture-system-iaps
#19
Kwang-Ho Choi, Junbeom Kim, O Sang Kwon, Min Ji Kim, Yeon Hee Ryu, Ji-Eun Park
Because human emotion varies greatly among individuals and is a qualitative factor, measuring it with any degree of accuracy is very difficult. Heart rate variability (HRV), which is used in evaluations of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), is used to evaluate human emotions. This study examines the validity of HRV as a tool to evaluate emotions using the International Affective Picture System (IAPS). For experimentation, five photos were selected for each of the categories of "happy," "unhappy", and "neutral" from among the images provided by the IAPS...
February 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213063/impaired-spatial-performance-in-cerebellar-deficient-lurcher-mice-is-not-associated-with-their-abnormal-stress-response
#20
Jan Tuma, Yaroslav Kolinko, Dana Jelinkova, Pascal Hilber, Jan Cendelin
Both humans and laboratory animals suffering from cerebellar lesions exhibit cognitive as well as many emotional and behavioral abnormalities. These latter have been already observed in the cerebellar mutant mice currently used to highlight some aspect of autism spectrum disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of cerebellar-related stress response abnormalities on spatial learning and memory. Cerebellar-deficient Lurcher mutant mice were exposed to water environment without active escape possibility and then tested for spatial learning in the Morris water maze...
February 14, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
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