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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166690/-facial-emotion-recognition-theory-of-mind-and-empathy-in-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Samar S Ayache, Moussa A Chalah, Tania Kuempfel, Frank Padberg, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Ulrich Palm
Multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic progressive inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, causes frequent disability, mood disorders, fatigue, and cognitive dysfunction. As a part of the last, social cognition is frequently disturbed in MS patients. It comprises empathy and social perception of emotions from facial, bodily and vocal cues. Social cognitive deficits worsen affect decoding, interpersonal relationship, and quality of life. Despite the impact of these deficits on global functioning, only a small number of studies have investigated its correlations and overlaps with MS symptoms...
November 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166665/meditation-experts-try-virtual-reality-mindfulness-a-pilot-study-evaluation-of-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-virtual-reality-to-facilitate-mindfulness-practice-in-people-attending-a-mindfulness-conference
#2
María V Navarro-Haro, Yolanda López-Del-Hoyo, Daniel Campos, Marsha M Linehan, Hunter G Hoffman, Azucena García-Palacios, Marta Modrego-Alarcón, Luis Borao, Javier García-Campayo
Regular mindfulness practice benefits people both mentally and physically, but many populations who could benefit do not practice mindfulness. Virtual Reality (VR) is a new technology that helps capture participants' attention and gives users the illusion of "being there" in the 3D computer generated environment, facilitating sense of presence. By limiting distractions from the real world, increasing sense of presence and giving people an interesting place to go to practice mindfulness, Virtual Reality may facilitate mindfulness practice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166594/individual-differences-in-processing-emotional-images-after-reading-disgusting-and-neutral-sentences
#3
Alex Hartigan, Anne Richards
The present study examined the extent to which Event Related Potentials (ERPs) evoked by disgusting, threatening and neutral photographic images were influenced by disgust propensity, disgust sensitivity and attentional control following exposure to disgusting information. Emotional cognition was manipulated by instructing participants to remember either disgusting or neutral sentences; participants in both groups then viewed emotional images while ERPs were recorded. Disgust propensity was associated with a reduced Late Positive Potential (LPP) gap between threatening and neutral stimuli (an effect driven by a rise in the LPP for neutral images) but only amongst individuals who were exposed to disgusting sentences...
November 19, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166593/neural-correlates-of-improvements-in-personality-and-behavior-following-a-neurological-event
#4
Marcie L King, Kenneth Manzel, Joel Bruss, Daniel Tranel
Research on changes in personality and behavior following brain damage has focused largely on negative outcomes, such as increased irritability, moodiness, and social inappropriateness. However, clinical observations suggest that some patients may actually show positive personality and behavioral changes following a neurological event. In the current work, we investigated neuroanatomical correlates of positive personality and behavioral changes following a discrete neurological event (e.g., stroke, benign tumor resection)...
November 19, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166508/algorithm-for-acne-treatment-ibero-latin-american-consensus
#5
Ediléia Bagatin, Mercedes Florez-White, María Isabel Arias-Gomez, Ana Kaminsky
Acne is a chronic, immune-mediated, inflammatory disease with high prevalence among adolescents. By compromising face, thorax and back, with the risk of permanent scars, it has a negative impact on the quality of life. Effective, safe and early treatment is the key to remission, while decreasing the risk of physical and/or emotional sequelae. The Iberian-Latin American Group of Acne Studies joined professionals with expertise and developed a practical therapeutic algorithm, adapted to the reality of Latin American countries, Spain and Portugal...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166480/-impact-of-moderate-intellectual-disability-on-the-dynamics-and-quality-of-family-life-a-qualitative-clinical-study
#6
Rodrigo Victor Viana Tomaz, Vanessa de Arruda Santos, Lucimar Retto da Silva de Avó, Carla Maria Ramos Germano, Débora Gusmão Melo
This qualitative clinical study investigated the impact of moderate intellectual disability on family dynamics and quality of life. The data were collected using individual interviews with 15 mothers of children with intellectual disabilities, as a convenience sample, and examined with categorical thematic content analysis. The results were discussed using a comprehensive and interpretative approach. Analysis of the interviews showed that care for children with intellectual disabilities is centered on the mother, contributing to the change in family relations...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166356/factors-related-to-different-objects-of-awareness-in-alzheimer-disease
#7
Isabel B Lacerda, Raquel L Santos, José Pedro Simões Neto, Marcia C N Dourado
Awareness of deficits is a multidimensional phenomenon described as the ability to acknowledge difficulties and impairments. We investigated whether unawareness affects distinct domains to different degrees and identified the factors related to the awareness impairment in Alzheimer Disease (AD). Using a cross-sectional design, we assessed 89 people with AD (PwAD) and their caregivers. Awareness was evaluated by scoring discrepant responses between PwAD and their caregivers across domains including cognitive functioning and health condition, functional activity impairments, emotional state, social functioning, and interpersonal relationships...
October 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166323/strength-affect-regulation-and-subcortical-morphology-in-military-pilots
#8
David Cárdenas, Iker Madinabeitia, Jesús Vera, José Cesar Perales, Amador García-Ramos, Enrique Ortega, Elvira Catena-Verdejo, Andrés Catena
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown links of body composition and fitness measures with brain structure, as well as with different aspects of emotional adjustment and well-being. However, the possible role of trait emotion-regulation success in the relationship between fitness/body composition and emotion-related subcortical structures have never been directly addressed METHODS: 23 elite helicopter pilots were assessed in fat mass percentage, an endurance test to volitional exhaustion, bench-press power output, and negative urgency (trait affect regulation failure)...
November 20, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166226/the-origins-of-fears-of-compassion-shame-and-lack-of-safeness-memories-fears-of-compassion-and-psychopathology
#9
Marcela Matos, Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
Empirical and clinical research suggests that some individuals find self-generating compassion and receiving compassion from others difficult and aversive. However, it is unclear how these fears of compassion are linked to early experiences and to psychopathological symptoms. This study explores the relationship between shame traumatic memories, centrality of shame memories, early memories of warmth and safeness, fears of compassion, and depression, anxiety and paranoid symptoms. Participants were 302 individuals from the general community population, who completed self-report measures of fears of compassion, shame memories, early affiliative memories, and psychopathology...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166218/the-effect-of-stereotype-content-on-intergroup-uncertainty-and-interactions
#10
David Rast, Amber Gaffney, Fenglu Yang
Drawing on intergroup threat theory and the stereotype content model, we examine intergroup relations in an organizational context. We surveyed 108 Asian immigrants working at a large international organization located in the UK. We found that perceptions of warmth and competence interact to predict minority group members' willingness to interact with an outgroup majority. Extending previous research, we demonstrate that warmth and competence differentially affect intergroup uncertainty, which mediates the relationship between stereotype content and willingness to interact with the outgroup...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166195/the-experience-of-young-women-living-in-a-prostitution-area-in-maintaining-their-reproductive-health
#11
Vonyca Dovis, Setyowati, Wiwit Kurniawati
Young women face a difficult situation when they live in a prostitution area or red light district. A phenomenological approach was applied to explore the experiences in maintaining reproductive health of 10 young women living in the prostitution area in Lampung, one of the provinces in Sumatra. Thematic content analysis found 7 themes including: (1) The participants' perception of prostitution as a place of naughty women and free sexual activity that can transmit STDs and influence adolescent psychology; (2) The ways the participants kept their reproductive organs healthy were through maintaining friendships, maintaining personal hygiene, avoiding free sexual activity, eating healthy food, and having routine medical checkups; (3) Information support was gained from family, health workers, media, and teachers; (4) Emotional support from family and friends; (5) Barriers to maintaining good health were inaccessible health facilities and an underfunded health service; (6) The needs of the participants were reproductive health services and clean environment; (7) The participants hoped for health education and intensive health services with friendly nurses...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166125/rural-urban-differences-in-unpaid-caregivers-of-adults
#12
Elizabeth Crouch, Janice Probst, Kevin Bennett
INTRODUCTION:   Rural–urban differences in the characteristics of unpaid caregivers of adults in the USA were explored. METHODS:   Using 'Caregiving in the U.S. 2015', a survey fielded by the National Alliance for Caregiving and AARP, a national examination of rural caregivers (n=1352) is presented. RESULTS:   Rural caregivers reported lower socioeconomic status than urban caregivers (measured by income, education, and employment), suggesting greater likelihood of caregiver strain...
November 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165833/gestational-age-and-child-development-at-age-five-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-australian-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-children
#13
Mark Hanly, Kathleen Falster, Georgina Chambers, John Lynch, Emily Banks, Nusrat Homaira, Marni Brownell, Sandra Eades, Louisa Jorm
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth and developmental vulnerability are more common in Australian Aboriginal compared with non-Aboriginal children. We quantified how gestational age relates to developmental vulnerability in both populations. METHODS: Perinatal datasets were linked to the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), which collects data on five domains, including physical, social, emotional, language/cognitive, and general knowledge/communication development...
November 22, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165828/nursing-center-health-intervention-program-in-philadelphia-program-evaluation-and-outcomes
#14
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The La Salle Neighborhood Nursing Center provided the Health Intervention Program (HIP) for vulnerable children with special needs, and families in Philadelphia challenged by chronic physical, developmental, behavioral, and emotional conditions and low incomes. AIMS: We evaluated the effectiveness of HIP for a 5-year period and the consistency of quarterly and annual reports as a quality improvement initiative. METHODS: Using program evaluation, secondary analysis design, the effect of a city-wide, family support home visiting program was assessed...
November 22, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165801/sex-and-rank-affect-how-infant-rhesus-macaques-look-at-faces
#15
Annika Paukner, Emily M Slonecker, Ashley M Murphy, Lauren J Wooddell, Amanda M Dettmer
We investigated how differences in infant sex and mothers' dominance status affect infant rhesus macaques' (Macaca mulatta) interest in visually exploring emotional facial expressions. Thirty-eight infants were presented with animated avatars of macaque facial expressions during the first month of life. Sons of high-ranking mothers looked more at faces, especially the eye region, than sons of low-ranking mothers, but no difference in looking duration was found for daughters. Males looked significantly more at eyes than females, but this effect was reversed in infants who were reared without mothers in a primate nursery facility...
November 22, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165774/hypospadias-in-male-infants-a-review
#16
X-Y Zhu, D-C Feng, T Han
The external genitalia problems are cumbersome problems for both doctors and parents, as these abnormalities have a consequent impact on future generations. However, the affected young infants are unaware of the consequences due to immature emotional state. Further, the feeling of being different and inferior in affected young patients could give rise to negative emotions including depression, insecurity, anxiety, powerlessness, etc. These all factors collectively could cause a mental imbalance in the affected children...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165659/age-differences-in-the-influence-of-induced-negative-emotion-on-decision-making-the-role-of-emotion-regulation
#17
Xuqun You, Chengting Ju, Mo Wang, Baoshan Zhang, Pei Liu, Nicole Anderson
Objectives: In this study, we hypothesized that there is an age difference in the influence of negative emotion on decision-making and that this age difference is related to emotion regulation strategies. Method: We carried out two studies. In the first, the older and younger adults completed the ultimatum game (UG) while in either an induced negative emotional or a neutral context. In the second, both the older and younger adults completed the UG while in an induced negative emotion while using either emotion reappraisal or expressive suppression to regulate their emotions during the task...
November 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165586/extent-of-physician-pharmaceutical-industry-interactions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#18
Racha Fadlallah, Lina Alkhaled, Hneine Brax, Mayse Nasser, Mhd Hashem Rajabbik, Hala Nass, Lara A Kahale, Elie A Akl
Background: Pharmaceutical companies spend large amounts of money promoting their products to physicians. There is evidence that physicians' interactions with pharmaceutical companies negatively affect their prescribing patterns. The objective of this study was to systematically review the extent of the relationship between physicians and pharmaceutical companies in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Methods: Studies assessing the extent of any type of interaction between practicing physicians and pharmaceutical companies were eligible...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165584/carers-as-system-navigators-exploring-sources-processes-and-outcomes-of-structural-burden
#19
Laura M Funk, Lisette Dansereau, Sheila Novek, Barbara J Bowers
Background and Objectives: Structural features of formal care systems influence the amount, difficulty, and complexity of what carers do as they interface with those systems. In this study, we explored how carers navigate health and social care systems, and their experiences of structural burden related to features such as complexity and fragmentation. Research Design and Methods: This qualitative descriptive inquiry drew on data from in-person interviews with 32 carers of older adults, which were analyzed first using inductive thematic analysis and then using structural burden as a conceptual lens...
November 19, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165348/emotion-regulation-in-binge-eating-disorder-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Alexandra Dingemans, Unna Danner, Melissa Parks
The purpose of the present review is to provide a summary of the research findings on emotion regulation in Binge Eating Disorder (BED). Negative emotions and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies play a role in the onset and maintenance of binge eating in BED. Anger and sadness, along with negative emotions related to interpersonal experiences (i.e., disappointment, being hurt or loneliness), seem to be particularly relevant. Individuals with BED have a tendency to suppress and ruminate on their unwanted emotions, which leads to increased psychopathological thoughts and symptoms...
November 22, 2017: Nutrients
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