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Gastroesophageal reflux respiratory children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755341/prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-feeding-difficulties-in-children-with-esophageal-atresia
#1
Jessica Menzies, Jennifer Hughes, Steven Leach, Yvonne Belessis, Usha Krishnan
OBJECTIVES: Growth and feeding problems have been described in children with Esophageal Atresia (EA). Ongoing gastrointestinal and respiratory complications such as Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), esophageal dysmotility, strictures and respiratory infections may contribute. The aim of the study was to document the prevalence of malnutrition and feeding difficulties and examine predictive factors which may influence feeding and growth in children attending a multidisciplinary EA clinic in Sydney Australia...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642394/pediatric-recurrent-respiratory-tract-infections-when-and-how-to-explore-the-immune-system-about-53-cases
#2
Mohammed El-Azami-El-Idrissi, Mounia Lakhdar-Idrissi, Sanae Chaouki, Samir Atmani, Abdelhak Bouharrou, Moustapha Hida
Recurrent respiratory tract infections are one of the most frequent reasons for pediatric visits and hospitalization. Causes of this pathology are multiple ranging from congenital to acquired and local to general. Immune deficiencies are considered as underlying conditions predisposing to this pathology. Our work is about to determine when and how to explore the immune system when facing recurrent respiratory infections. This was based on the records of 53 children hospitalized at the pediatrics unit of Hassan II University Hospital, Fez Morocco...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574881/combined-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-and-ph-measurement-in-detecting-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-children
#3
Mark Safe, Jemma Cho, Usha Krishnan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring with standard investigations including pH testing for detecting gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children. METHODS: A retrospective review of all MII-pH studies performed between July 2007 and March 2013 at Sydney Children's Hospital. Results from MII-pH testing, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), barium meal and pepsin assay, symptoms, underlying comorbidities, age, and medication usage were evaluated...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412739/-clinical-analysis-of-enteral-nutrition-in-47-children
#4
R D Zhuang, L J Tang, Y H Fang, K R Peng, J Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy and safety of the application of enteral nutrition (EN) in gastrointestinal disease in children, and to explore the possibility of the implementation of family EN. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of disease spectrum, EN approach, preparation, speed and time as well as adverse reactions and outcomes in 47 pediatric patients with gastrointestinal disease underwent EN therapy during July 2014 to March 2015. The nutrition indicators before and after EN therapy were compared by paired t-test...
July 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229007/diagnosis-and-management-of-drooling-in-children-with-progressive-dystonia-a-case-series-of-patients-with-megdel-syndrome
#5
Dorian Blommaert, Karen van Hulst, Frank J A van den Hoogen, Corrie E Erasmus, Saskia B Wortmann
Drooling is a common problem in children with progressive dystonia. The authors noted a 58% incidence of drooling in 22/38 children with MEGDEL, a rare neurodegenerative cause of dystonia and report on the clinical course of four patients. Drooling of varying severity and subsequent respiratory problems were treated at the authors' multidisciplinary saliva-control outpatient clinic. One patient improved on antireflux medication, the second after medication with drooling as side effect was changed. Two other patients underwent salivary gland surgery, one of whom significantly improved; the other died shortly after surgery...
September 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164020/long-term-pulmonary-function-in-esophageal-atresia-a-case-control-study
#6
Rikke N Pedersen, Simone Markøw, Søren Kruse-Andersen, Niels Qvist, Oke Gerke, Steffen Husby, Lone Agertoft
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia (EA) is a congenital anomaly associated with substantial pulmonary morbidity throughout childhood. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary complications among 59 five to 15-year-old children and adolescents with surgically corrected congenital EA. METHODS: Participants underwent a structured interview, spirometry, body plethysmography, mannitol challenge test, skin prick test, as well as measurements of the diffusion capacity, airway resistance, fraction of exhaled NO, and specific immunoglobulin E in serum...
May 10, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26826758/-management-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-children-single-centre-experience-in-conventional-and-laparoscopic-nissen-fundoplication-in-the-last-15-years
#7
J E Betancourth-Alvarenga, J I Garrido Pérez, A L Castillo Fernández, F J Murcia Pascual, M A Cárdenas Elias, A Escassi Gil, R M Paredes-Esteban
INTRODUCTION: Nissen fundoplication (NF) is the most used and effective technique for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux in children. The laparoscopic approach (LNF) is safe, with low morbidity and high success rate, although some cases require a conventional approach (CNF). The aim of the study is to compare the results between LNF and CNF in our centre. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on patients <14years after NF between 2000 and 2015...
January 27, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26685418/-an-association-between-adenoid-hypertrophy-and-exstra-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#8
REVIEW
Jianjun Ren, Yu Zhao, Xue Ren
Adenoid hypertrophy is a disease that mostly occurs among children of 3-5 years old. It is caused by repeated inflammation and infection of nasopharynx and its adjoin parts, or the adenoid itself, which will finally leads to pathological hyperplasia of adenoid. With so much information we have acquired about this disease, its specific mechanism remains unknown. In recent years, some researches have indicated that adenoid hypertrophy may have something to do with extra-gastroesophageal reflux, in which pepsin plays a very important role, and pepsin will do a series of pathological damages to the upper airway as it reaches the upper respiratory tract...
August 2015: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26646409/outcomes-of-fundoplication-for-paediatric-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#9
E Pascoe, T Falvey, A Jiwane, G Henry, U Krishnan
PURPOSE: Outcomes of fundoplication in children. METHODS: In this monocentric retrospective study, chart review was performed on children who underwent fundoplication between 2006 and 2013. Outcomes were defined as the need for redo fundoplication and recommencement of anti-reflux medication (ARM) at 6-month follow-up. RESULTS: 119 patients underwent fundoplication with a mean age of 4.76 years and 55.5% of these were male. At 6-month follow-up, 21 (17...
April 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26520916/factors-associated-with-respiratory-illness-in-children-and-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Amanda Marie Blackmore, Natasha Bear, Eve Blair, Noula Gibson, Caris Jalla, Katherine Langdon, Lisa Moshovis, Kellie Steer, Andrew C Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To describe associations between respiratory illness and its potential predictors in children and young adults with cerebral palsy (CP). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of self- and caregiver-reported respiratory symptoms for individuals aged up to 26 years with CP. Respiratory illness was indicated by 2 outcomes: (1) ≥1 respiratory hospitalizations in the past year; and (2) ≥2 courses of antibiotics for respiratory symptoms in the past year...
January 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26439581/pp-16-weak-acid-reflux-a-trigger-for-recurrent-respiratory-diseases-in-children
#11
Aco Kostovski, Nikolina Zdraveska
INTRODUCTION: The main advantage of multichannel intraluminar impedance (MII) compared with pH monitoring is its ability to detect both acid and non-acid gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and to determine the characteristics of reflux (liquid or gas). AIM: To compare the value of pH monitoring and MII for diagnosis of GER in children who present with refractory respiratory symptoms. MATERIALS: A prospective study that included 37 patients, aged 4...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26210818/the-evaluation-of-deglutition-with-videofluoroscopy-after-repair-of-esophageal-atresia-and-or-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#12
Sule Yalcin, Numan Demir, Selen Serel, Tutku Soyer, F Cahit Tanyel
AIM: A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the functional disorders of deglutition with videofluoroscopy (VFS), in children operated for esophageal atresia (EA) and/or tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). METHODS: Patients with the repair of EA-TEF were evaluated in respect to the type of malformation, operative procedure, postoperative complications, deglutitive and respiratory symptoms, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The dysphagia score, VFS findings of oral, pharyngeal and esophageal phases, and penetration-aspiration scale (PAS) score were recorded in the evaluation of the deglutitive functions...
November 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26197915/-current-management-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#13
Akiko Sakoda, Hiroshi Matsufuji
Three types of congenital diaphragmatic hernias( Bochdalek hernia, Morgagni hernia, and esophageal hiatus hernia) are described with case presentation. In the Bochdalek hernia, the most common type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, abdominal contents pass into the thorac bia diaphragmatic defect, limiting the space available for the developing lungs. Resulting lung hypoplasia, many infants experience severe respiratory distress within minutes of birth and may require resuscitation and stabilization of cardio-pulmonary function prior to surgery...
July 2015: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26099051/mild-tracheal-compression-by-aberrant-innominate-artery-and-chronic-dry-cough-in-children
#14
Michele Ghezzi, Michela Silvestri, Oliviero Sacco, Serena Panigada, Donata Girosi, Gian Michele Magnano, Giovanni A Rossi
BACKGROUND: In children with aberrant innominate artery (AIA) one of the most prevalent respiratory symptom is dry cough. How frequently this mediastinal vessels anomaly, that can induce tracheal compression (TC) of different degree, may be detected in children with chronic dry cough is not known. METHODS: In a 3-year retrospective study, the occurrence of mediastinal vessels abnormalities and the presence and degree of TC was evaluated in children with recurrent/chronic dry cough...
March 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25986021/bronchiolitis-obliterans-organizing-pneumonia-due-to-gastroesophageal-reflux
#15
Jin-Rong Liu, Xue-Feng Xu, Chun-Ju Zhou, Hai-Ming Yang, Shun-Ying Zhao
The most common causes of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) are connective tissue diseases, organ transplantation, drug reaction, and infections. Although rare, BOOP due to gastroesophageal reflux (GER) has been reported in adults but not to date in pediatric patients. This study describes 2 pediatric patients who developed GER and BOOP. One patient had superior mesenteric artery syndrome and Helicobacter pylori infection, and the other had a gastroduodenal ulcer with reflux esophagitis. Respiratory symptoms occurred concurrently or after gastrointestinal symptoms...
June 2015: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25922546/clinical-and-pulmonary-function-markers-of-respiratory-exacerbation-risk-in-subjects-with-quadriplegic-cerebral-palsy
#16
Andrea Vianello, Elena Carraro, Emanuela Pipitone, Rosario Marchese-Ragona, Giovanna Arcaro, Marco Ferraro, Luciana Paladini, Andrea Martinuzzi
BACKGROUND: Although respiratory exacerbations are common in patients with quadriplegic cerebral palsy (CP), little is known about the factors that are related to increased exacerbation risk. This study aimed to identify the clinical and pulmonary function variables signaling risk of exacerbation in this type of patient. METHODS: Thirty-one children and young adults with quadriplegic CP underwent a comprehensive history, physical examination, and pulmonary function test, including arterial blood gas analysis, airway resistance using the interrupter technique, and home overnight SpO2 monitoring...
October 2015: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25783400/congenital-paraesophageal-hernia-the-montreal-experience
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Yasmine Yousef, Caroline Lemoine, Dickens St-Vil, Sherif Emil
INTRODUCTION: Congenital paraesophageal hernia (CPEH) is the least common congenital diaphragmatic hernia. We performed an extensive review to further define this entity. METHODS: A retrospective study of children with CPEH (types II-IV hiatal hernias) treated at two children's hospitals over a 25-year period (1988-2013) was performed. RESULTS: Fourteen patients were diagnosed at a median age of 35 days (range 0-500), with one prenatal diagnosis...
September 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25764609/effect-of-a-low-carbohydrate-diet-on-respiratory-quotient-of-infants-with-chronic-lung-disease
#18
Orapa Suteerojntrakool, Sompol Sanguanrungsirikul, Suchada Sritippayawan, Watsamon Jantarabenjakul, Pathama Sirimongkol, Sirinuch Chomtho
OBJECTIVE: To compare the respiratory quotient in infants with chronic lung disease before and after receiving a modular diet with slightly lower carbohydrate content. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Infants with chronic lung disease from the King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital were enrolled and assessed for nutritional status, severity of chronic lung disease and dietary intake. Indirect calorimetry was performed using a custom-made airtight canopy with O2 and CO2 sensors...
January 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25756796/standard-head-down-tilt-versus-modified-without-head-down-tilt-postural-drainage-in-infants-and-young-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#19
REVIEW
Diana A Freitas, Fernando A L Dias, Gabriela S S Chaves, Gardenia M H Ferreira, Cibele T D Ribeiro, Ricardo O Guerra, Karla M P P Mendonça
BACKGROUND: Postural drainage is used primarily in infants with cystic fibrosis from diagnosis up to the moment when they are mature enough to actively participate in self-administered treatments. However, there is a risk of gastroesophageal reflux associated with this technique. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of standard postural drainage (greater (30° to 45° head-down tilt) and lesser (15° to 20° head-down tilt)) with modified postural drainage (greater (30º head-up tilt) or lesser (15º to 20º head-up tilt)) with regard to gastroesophageal reflux in infants and young children up to six years old with cystic fibrosis in terms of safety and efficacy...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25752807/adverse-effects-reported-in-the-use-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-treatments-in-children-a-10-years-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Shlomi Cohen, Mirjam Bueno de Mesquita, Francis B Mimouni
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is commonly observed in children, particularly during the first year of life. Pharmacological therapy is mostly reserved for symptomatic infants diagnosed with GER disease (GERD), usually as defined in a recent consensus statement. The purpose of the present article was to review the reported adverse effects of pharmacological agents used in the treatment of paediatric GERD. We conducted this review using the electronic journal database Pubmed and Cochrane database systematic reviews using the latest 10-year period (1 January 2003 to 31 December 2012)...
August 2015: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
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