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osteoarthritis hip dysplasia

Megan K Mills, Colin D Strickland, Mary K Jesse, Peter A Lowry, Omer Mei-Dan, Jonathan A Flug
Osteoarthritis of the hip remains a prevalent disease condition that influences ever-changing treatment options. Procedures performed to correct anatomic variations, and, in turn, prevent or slow the progression of osteoarthritis, are aptly referred to as types of hip preservation surgery (HPS). Conditions that predispose individuals to femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), including pincer- and cam-type morphology, and hip dysplasia are specifically targeted in HPS. Common surgical interventions include acetabuloplasty, osteochondroplasty, periacetabular osteotomy (PAO), and derotational femoral osteotomy (DFO)...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Jose M Vilar, Belen Cuervo, Monica Rubio, Joaquín Sopena, Juan M Domínguez, Angelo Santana, Jose M Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Subjective pain assessment scales have been widely used for assessing lameness in response to pain, but the accuracy of these scales has been questioned. To assess scale accuracy, 10 lame, presa Canario dogs with osteoarthritis (OA) associated with bilateral hip dysplasia were first treated with mesenchymal stem cells. Then, potential lameness improvement was analyzed using two pain scales (Bioarth and visual analog scale). These data were compared with similar data collected using a force platform with the same animals during a period of 6 months after treatment...
October 7, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Florian Schmaranzer, Pascal C Haefeli, Markus S Hanke, Emanuel F Liechti, Stefan F Werlen, Klaus A Siebenrock, Moritz Tannast
BACKGROUND: Delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage (dGEMRIC) allows an objective, noninvasive, and longitudinal quantification of biochemical cartilage properties. Although dGEMRIC has been used to monitor the course of cartilage degeneration after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) for correction of hip dysplasia, such longitudinal data are currently lacking for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) How does the mean acetabular and femoral dGEMRIC index change after surgery for FAI at 1-year followup compared with a similar group of patients with FAI treated without surgery? (2) Does the regional distribution of the acetabular and femoral dGEMRIC index change for the two groups over time? (3) Is there a correlation between the baseline dGEMRIC index and the change of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) at 1-year followup? (4) Among those treated surgically, can dGEMRIC indices distinguish between intact and degenerated cartilage? METHODS: We performed a prospective, comparative, nonrandomized, longitudinal study...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Fatemeh Saberi Hosnijeh, Maria E Zuiderwijk, Mathijs Versteeg, Hieronymus T W Smeele, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Rintje Agricola, Edwin H G Oei, Jan H Waarsing, Sita M Bierma-Zeinstra, Joyce B J van Meurs
Objectives Cam deformity and acetabular dysplasia have been recognized as relevant risk factors for hip osteoarthritis (OA) in a few prospective studies with limited sample sizes. However, to date, there is no evidence available from prospective studies if the magnitude of these associations differ by gender, body mass index (BMI), and age. Methods Participants of Rotterdam Study cohort including men and women aged 55 years or older without OA at baseline (n=4438) and mean follow-up of 9.2 years were included in the study...
October 1, 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
T Amano, Y Hasegawa, T Seki, Y Takegami, K Murotani, N Ishiguro
AIMS: The influence of identifiable pre-operative factors on the outcome of eccentric rotational acetabular osteotomy (ERAO) is unknown. We aimed to determine the factors that might influence the outcome, in order to develop a scoring system for predicting the prognosis for patients undergoing this procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 700 consecutive ERAOs in 54 men and 646 women with symptomatic acetabular dysplasia or early onset osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip, which were undertaken between September 1989 and March 2013...
October 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Yusuke Osawa, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Toshiaki Okura, Daigo Morita, Naoki Ishiguro
BACKGROUND: We performed periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) combined with intertrochanteric valgus osteotomy (TVO) to obtain better congruity for patients with acetabular dysplasia and nonspherical femoral head. These patients with PAO-combined TVO demonstrate long-term progression of osteoarthritis, thereby, needing conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA) and is difficult due to morphological changes. The objective of the present study was to investigate outcomes of patients who underwent THA after PAO-combined TVO...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Anne Guro Vreim Holm, Olav Reikerås, Terje Terjesen
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to establish long-term outcome of the Spitzy shelf-operation and evaluate whether the procedure would delay osteoarthritis. METHODS: During 1954-1976, 56 patients (70 hips) underwent Spitzy shelf operation at a mean age of 11.9 years (5 to 22). Indications included residual hip dysplasia or subluxation with Centre-Edge angle < 20°. We used survival analysis with conversion to total hip replacements as end-point. For patients without total hip replacement, information was provided from case records and radiographs...
September 16, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Young-Jo Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Stephanie Pun
Hip dysplasia is a treatable developmental disorder that presents early in life but if neglected can lead to chronic disability due to pain, decreased function, and early osteoarthritis. The main causes of hip dysplasia in the young adult are residual childhood developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and adolescent-onset acetabular dysplasia. These two distinct disease processes affect the growing hip during different times of development but result in a similar deformity and pathomechanism of hip degeneration...
September 9, 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Jens Goronzy, Lea Franken, Albrecht Hartmann, Falk Thielemann, Anne Postler, Tobias Paulus, Klaus-Peter Günther
BACKGROUND: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is a reliable procedure to correct the deficient acetabular coverage in hips with developmental dysplasia. It is unclear how the presence of additional femoral cam-type deformity might influence the clinical and radiographic treatment results of PAO. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Are there differences in clinical scores (WOMAC, EQ-5D) and examination findings (impingement sign) or radiographic measures of acetabular orientation and head sphericity after PAO for isolated acetabular dysplasia when compared with the combined pathology of dysplasia and additional femoral cam deformity? (2) Are these clinical and radiographic findings after combined surgical therapy for additional cam deformity influenced by different pathology-adjusted surgical techniques? METHODS: From July 2005 to December 2010, 86 patients (106 hips) underwent PAO for hip dysplasia...
September 2, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
R Wejnold Jørgensen, C Dippmann, L Dahl, J Stürup
BACKGROUND: The amount of patients referred with longstanding, non-arthritic hip pain is increasing, as are the treatment options. Left untreated hip dysplasia, acetabular retroversion and femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) may lead to osteoarthritis (OA). Finding the right treatment option for the right patient can be challenging in patients with non-arthritic hip pain. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to categorize the radiographic findings seen in patients with longstanding hip pain, suspect for an intraarticular pathology, and provide a treatment algorithm allocating a specific treatment option for each clinical condition...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Joshua D Harris
The importance of the acetabular labrum has been increasingly recognized, playing a critical role in both normal anatomy and abnormal pathology of the hip joint. The labrum increases acetabular surface area and volume, providing a stable and durable articulation. The fibrocartilaginous composition affords a tissue capable of a lifetime of normal function in the absence of significant osseous pathology. In the setting of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or dysplasia, bony biomechanics may cause labral injury, which may translate to patient symptoms...
August 31, 2016: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Helen Anwander, Kawan S Rakhra, Gerd Melkus, Paul E Beaulé
BACKGROUND: T1ρ MRI has been shown feasible to detect the biochemical status of hip cartilage, but various region-of-interest strategies have been used, compromising the reproducibility and comparability between different institutions and studies. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purposes of this study were (1) to determine representative regions of interest (ROIs) for cartilage T1ρ mapping in hips with a cam deformity; and (2) to assess intra- and interobserver reliability for cartilage T1ρ mapping in hips with a cam deformity...
August 9, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Christine M McDonough, Eva Stoiber, Ivan M Tomek, Pengsheng Ni, Young-Jo Kim, Feng Tian, Alan M Jette
Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background Computer adaptive testing (CAT) methods may allow detection of change across the continuum of osteoarthritis (OA) care. Objective To evaluate the sensitivity to change of a self-report OA CAT instrument (OA-CAT) following surgery. Methods Core measures consisted of the 5-item OA-CAT function, pain, and disability scales; the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC); the University of California at Los Angeles activity rating scale; and the Medical Outcomes Study 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), which were administered in 3 samples...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Andrea B Mosler, Kay M Crossley, Jan H Waarsing, Nabil Jomaah, Adam Weir, Per Hölmich, Rintje Agricola
BACKGROUND: Participation in high-impact athletic activities has recently been associated with a higher prevalence of cam deformity. Bony hip morphology has also emerged as an important factor in the development of hip osteoarthritis. However, it is unknown whether bony morphology differs between ethnicities in athletes participating in high-impact sports. PURPOSE: To investigate whether the prevalence of specific bony hip morphological abnormalities differed between professional male soccer players of diverse ethnic backgrounds...
August 4, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Ena Colo, Wim H C Rijnen, Jean W M Gardeniers, Albert van Kampen, B Willem Schreurs
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a common cause of secondary osteoarthritis (OA) in younger patients, and when end-stage OA develops, a THA can provide a solution. Different options have been developed to reconstruct these defects, one of which is impaction bone grafting combined with a cemented cup. To determine the true value of a specific technique, it is important to evaluate patients at a long-term followup. As there are no long-term studies, to our knowledge, on THA in patients with DDH using impaction bone grafting with a cemented cup, we present the results of this technique at a mean of 15 years in patients with previous DDH...
November 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Satoko Ohfuji, Seiya Jingushi, Kyoko Kondo, Muroto Sofue, Moritoshi Itoman, Tadami Matsumoto, Yoshiki Hamada, Hiroyuki Shindo, Yoshio Takatori, Harumoto Yamada, Yuji Yasunaga, Hiroshi Ito, Satoshi Mori, Ichiro Owan, Genji Fujii, Hirotsugu Ohashi, Shinji Takahashi, Yoshio Hirota
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the majority of hip osteoarthritis (OA) was caused by acetabular dysplasia, and about 90 % of patients were female. The present study focused on Japanese female patients with hip OA due to acetabular dysplasia, and examined the associated factors with OA staging at diagnosis, in special reference to body weight. METHODS: Study subjects were 336 Japanese women who were newly diagnosed with hip OA caused by acetabular dysplasia at 15 hospitals in 2008...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Alexandru Ulici, Ana-Maria Dulea, Iulia Tevanov, Gabi Sterian, Radu Balanescu
INTRODUCTION: development dysplasia of the hip is one of the common disorders in pediatric orthopaedics. This requires an early orthopaedic treatment. Neglected cases can lead to hip dislocation, which has an incidence of 1.4 / mille new-borns, being bilateral in 70-80% of cases and prevalence of girls being 7 / 1-4 / 1 (girls / boys). Congenital hip dislocation requires a complex surgical and orthopaedic treatment. In most cases develop hip osteoarthritis in adulthood, requiring total hip replacement...
May 2016: Chirurgia
Kensuke Fukushima, Naonobu Takahira, Sousuke Imai, Tetsuya Yamazaki, Tomonori Kenmoku, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Masashi Takaso
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a known patho-mechanism that causes hip pain and osteoarthritis (OA) and is considered uncommon in Japan, while secondary OA due to hip dysplasia is considered common. However, no studies have specifically targeted athletes in Japan and/or Asia. This study aimed to determine FAI prevalence using radiological findings among baseball players playing on a professional, Japanese team. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 63 plain anteroposterior (AP) hip radiographs (126 hips from 47 [74...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Hiroshige Tateuchi, Yumiko Koyama, Haruhiko Akiyama, Koji Goto, Kazutaka So, Yutaka Kuroda, Noriaki Ichihashi
A decline in physical function associated with secondary hip osteoarthritis (OA) may be caused by both radiographic and clinical factors; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine how joint degeneration, hip morphology, pain, hip range of motion (ROM), and hip muscle strength relate to one-leg standing (OLS) and gait in patients with mild-to-moderate secondary hip osteoarthritis. Fifty-five female patients (ages 22-65 years) with mild-to-moderate hip OA secondary to hip dysplasia were consecutively enrolled...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
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