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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755196/effect-of-a-commercially-available-fish-based-dog-food-enriched-with-nutraceuticals-on-hip-and-elbow-dysplasia-in-growing-labrador-retrievers
#1
Sabrina Manfredi, Francesco Di Ianni, Nicola Di Girolamo, Sergio Canello, Giacomo Gnudi, Gianandrea Guidetti, Francesca Miduri, Martina Fabbi, Eleonora Daga, Enrico Parmigiani, Sara Centenaro, Antonella Volta
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of hip and elbow dysplasia in a group of growing Labrador retrievers fed a fish-based diet enriched with nutraceuticals with chondroprotective properties. The puppies ranged from 3 to 12 mo of age and were divided into 2 groups, each fed a different diet. The control diet consisted of a high quality, chicken-based dog food, while the test diet was a fish-based dog food, enriched with nutraceuticals. Hip and elbow joints were radiographed and scored at 6 and 12 mo of age...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735473/exercise-therapy-interventions-in-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis-comparison-of-the-effects-of-dvd-and-website-based-interventions
#2
Yuko Uesugi, Junichiro Koyanagi, Keishi Takagi, Ryota Yamaguchi, Shinya Hayashi, Takashi Nishii
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of developmental hip dysplasia is high in Japan. Exercise therapy has been proven effective to treat certain aspects of hip osteoarthritis. Moreover, therapy provided via digital video discs (DVDs) and websites allows patients to exercise in the comfort of their own homes. However, no studies have evaluated the effectiveness of visual instructions in patients with hip disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of exercise therapy administered via DVD and that administered via a website...
May 7, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724578/does-severity-of-acetabular-dysplasia-influence-clinical-outcomes-after-periacetabular-osteotomy-a-case-control-study
#3
George Grammatopoulos, Paul E Beaulé, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, Jeff J Nepple, John C Clohisy
BACKGROUND: Detailed characterization of factors influencing post-periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) outcome could guide treatment offered. METHODS: Using a prospective, multicenter database of PAOs, 61 hips/patients (51 females) with lesser dysplasia (acetabular index < 15° and lateral center-edge angle > 15°) were case-control matched for age, gender, body mass index, Tönnis grade, and joint congruency (P = .6-.9) with a "comparison group" of pronounced dysplasia (n = 183), aiming to assess whether severity of acetabular dysplasia has an effect on outcome following PAO and/or the ability to achieve desired acetabular correction...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704036/evaluation-of-articular-cartilage-following-rotational-acetabular-osteotomy-for-hip-dysplasia-using-t2-mapping-mri
#4
Takeshi Shoji, Takuma Yamasaki, Soutaro Izumi, Mikiya Sawa, Yuji Akiyama, Yuji Yasunaga, Nobuo Adachi
BACKGROUND: Rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO) is one of the surgical treatments for acetabular dysplasia, and satisfactory results have been reported. We evaluated the postoperative changes of articular cartilage and whether the pre-operative condition of the articular cartilage influences the clinical results using T2 mapping MRI. METHODS: We reviewed 31 hips with early stage osteoarthritis in 31 patients (mean age, 39.6 years), including three men and 28 women who underwent RAO for hip dysplasia...
April 27, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698301/is-there-an-association-between-borderline-to-mild-dysplasia-and-hip-osteoarthritis-analysis-of-ct-osteoabsorptiometry
#5
Tohru Irie, Daisuke Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Asano, Ryuta Arai, Muhammad Alaa Terkawi, Yoichi M Ito, Norimasa Iwasaki
BACKGROUND: The definitive treatment of borderline-to-mild dysplasia remains controversial. A more comprehensive understanding of the etiology of osteoarthritis (OA) and clarification of any possible association between borderline-to-mild dysplasia and the pathogenesis of OA are essential. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Does the distribution of acetabular subchondral bone density increase according to dysplasia severity? (2) Is there an association between borderline-to-mild dysplasia and OA pathogenesis? METHODS: We evaluated bilateral hips of patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip who underwent eccentric rotational acetabular osteotomy (ERAO) for inclusion in the dysplasia group and contralateral hips of patients with unilateral idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) who underwent curved intertrochanteric varus osteotomy (CVO) for the control group...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669444/comparison-of-four-parameters-to-assess-acetabular-dysplasia-and-acetabular-dysplasia-rates-in-primary-hip-osteoarthritis-patients-a-study-in-turkish-population
#6
Oktay Adanir, Gazi Zorer
INTRODUCTION: Hip osteoarthritis is an important orthopedic problem frequently observed in the elderly. Acetabular dysplasia (AD) is one of the pathologies that cause coxarthrosis. Nearly 20-45% of primary or idiopathic hip osteoarthritis is linked to AD. In our country, there are few studies on this topic. We measured the center-edge (CE) angle, Sharp's angle, acetabular depth, and femoral head coverage ratio on pelvis anteroposterior radiographs of patients with primary coxarthrosis and calculated the dysplasia rates...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643866/joint-genomic-prediction-of-canine-hip-dysplasia-in-uk-and-us-labrador-retrievers
#7
Stefan M Edwards, John A Woolliams, John M Hickey, Sarah C Blott, Dylan N Clements, Enrique Sánchez-Molano, Rory J Todhunter, Pamela Wiener
Canine hip dysplasia, a debilitating orthopedic disorder that leads to osteoarthritis and cartilage degeneration, is common in several large-sized dog breeds and shows moderate heritability suggesting that selection can reduce prevalence. Estimating genomic breeding values require large reference populations, which are expensive to genotype for development of genomic prediction tools. Combining datasets from different countries could be an option to help build larger reference datasets without incurring extra genotyping costs...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605150/inferomedial-hip-center-decreases-failure-rates-in-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-crowe-ii-and-iii-hip-dysplasia
#8
Chad D Watts, John R Martin, Keith A Fehring, William L Griffin
BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the outcomes of cementless acetabular components used in patients with Crowe II and III dysplasia, and to compare outcomes between cups placed within vs outside of an "anatomic" zone. Our specific aims were to (1) plot hip centers in these patients at our institution to characterize "anatomic" vs "nonanatomic" positions, (2) evaluate the association between hip center and radiographic loosening, (3) determine whether hip center was associated with acetabular component revision, and (4) compare patient-reported outcome scores between groups...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600385/long-term-results-of-a-modified-spitzy-shelf-operation-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-in-adults-and-adolescents
#9
Hidetatsu Tanaka, Daisuke Chiba, Yu Mori, Yoshiyuki Kuwahara, Kazuyoshi Baba, Norikazu Yamada, Genji Fujii, Eiji Itoi
The purpose of the current study was to retrospectively evaluate the long-term outcome of our shelf operation for acetabular dysplasia in adults and adolescents. We evaluated the outcome of shelf operation performed in 35 hips of 32 patients with acetabular dysplasia between 1978 and 1996. The mean age at the time of surgery was 30.6 years, and the mean follow-up period was 25.9 years. The pre-operative stage of osteoarthritis was Tönnis grade 0 in 12 hips and grade 1 in 23 hips. Clinical evaluation using the JOA hip score showed more than 85 of 100 points over 25 years...
March 29, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574978/canine-total-hip-replacement-using-a-cementless-threaded-cup-and-stem-a-review-of-55-cases
#10
H R Denny, M Linnell, T W Maddox, E J Comerford
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term results and complications associated with the Helica® cementless hip endoprosthesis system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 55 consecutive Helica total hip replacements performed between January 2010 and February 2015. RESULTS: A total of 55 total hip replacements were performed in 50 dogs; 45 dogs had unilateral hip replacements, and five had staged bilateral replacements. A total of 23 first-generation short femoral stems were implanted in 22 dogs, of which nine cases (39%) experienced complications and 19 (86%) recovered satisfactorily when revisions were included; 31 second-generation femoral stems were implanted in 28 dogs, of which 10 cases (32%) experienced complications, and 26 (93%) made satisfactory recoveries, including revisions...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562413/-a-therapeutic-effect-analysis-of-femur-first-principle-and-combined-anteversion-technique-during-total-hip-arthroplasty
#11
X Q Wang, C S Wu, S Sun, J Wang, W Li, W Zhang
Objective: To investigate the situation of hip dislocation with the application of "femur first" principle and "combined anteversion technique" during total hip arthroplasty. Methods: A retrospective analysis has been done on the clinical data about 104 patients(133 hips)who were diagnosed as hip disease and were treated with total hip arthroplasty by the doctors from the Department of Joint Orthorpaedics of Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from June 2014 to June 2016, and all the prostheses applied in the operation were cementless ones...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554020/what-s-new-in-pediatric-hip
#12
Matthew R Schmitz, Todd J Blumberg, Susan E Nelson, Julieanne P Sees, Wudbhav N Sankar
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), which encompasses a wide spectrum of disease from mild dysplasia to frank dislocation, is one of the most common developmental deformities of the lower extremities and one of the leading causes of future osteoarthritis and hip arthroplasty. Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) results from a vascular insult to the growing femoral epiphysis, which in turn can create permanent morphologic changes to the hip joint. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) occurs when the proximal femoral physis fails allowing the epiphysis to displace in relation to the metaphysis...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509621/the-acetabular-fossa-may-not-be-located-at-the-true-center-of-the-acetabulum-a-detailed-analysis-using-preoperative-ct-images
#13
Hiroki Shimodaira, Keiji Tensho, Yusuke Akaoka, Suguru Koyama, Masaaki Maruyama, Hiroyuki Kato, Naoto Saito
BACKGROUND: The acetabular fossa is thought to be located in the center of the acetabulum, and acetabular reaming in total hip arthroplasty is conventionally performed in the center of the fossa. However, the actual location of the fossa and the influence that hypoplasia or deformity may have on the position of the fossa are unknown. We hypothesized that the fossa is located in the center of the acetabulum, regardless of hypoplasia or deformity. METHODS: Fifty patients with normal hips (normal hip group), 50 patients with dysplasia who underwent rotational acetabular osteotomy (dysplastic hip group), and 46 patients with osteoarthritis who underwent total hip arthroplasty (osteoarthritic hip group) were evaluated by computed tomography (CT) imaging...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509620/mid-term-results-of-periacetabular-osteotomy-for-the-treatment-of-hip-dysplasia-associated-with-down-syndrome-minimum-follow-up-of-five-years
#14
Daniel A Maranho, Kathryn A Williams, Michael B Millis, Young-Jo Kim, Eduardo N Novais
BACKGROUND: The treatment of hip dysplasia in patients with Down syndrome is challenging. We investigated the clinical, functional, and radiographic outcomes of periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) as well as factors associated with its failure at a minimum of 5 years of follow-up. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2011, 19 patients with Down syndrome (26 hips) underwent PAO at a mean age of 16.2 ± 4.7 years. Hip pain and function were assessed with use of the modified Harris hip score (HHS) and the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474431/gait-symmetry-and-hip-strength-in-women-with-developmental-dysplasia-following-hip-arthroplasty-compared-to-healthy-subjects-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Ruud A Leijendekkers, Marco A Marra, Sjoerd Kolk, Geert van Bon, B Wim Schreurs, Vivian Weerdesteyn, Nico Verdonschot
INTRODUCTION: Untreated unilateral developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) results in asymmetry of gait and hip strength and may lead to early osteoarthritis, which is commonly treated with a total hip arthroplasty (THA). There is limited knowledge about the obtained symmetry of gait and hip strength after the THA. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to: a) identify asymmetries between the operated and non-operated side in kinematics, kinetics and hip strength, b) analyze if increased walking speed changed the level of asymmetry in patients c) compare these results with those of healthy subjects...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440159/multicentre-study-on-capsular-closure-versus-non-capsular-closure-during-hip-arthroscopy-in-danish-patients-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-fai-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Christian Dippmann, Otto Kraemer, Bent Lund, Michael Krogsgaard, Per Hölmich, Martin Lind, Karen Briggs, Marc Philippon, Bjarne Mygind-Klavsen
INTRODUCTION: Hip arthroscopy has become a standard procedure in the treatment of hip joint pain not related to osteoarthritis or dysplasia in the young and active patient. There has been increasing focus on the contribution of the hip capsule to function and on stability following hip arthroscopy. It has been suggested that capsular closure after hip arthroscopy may prevent microinstability and macroinstability of the hip joint and reduce revision rate. However, it remains unknown whether capsular closure should be performed as a standard procedure when performing hip arthroscopies, especially in patients without additional risk factors for instability such as hypermobility or dysplasia of the hip...
February 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435594/-periacetabular-osteotomy-what-influence-does-age-have-on-patient-relevant-results-a-prospective-5%C3%A2-year-investigation
#17
L Franken, F Thielemann, A Postler, S Blum, A Hartmann, K-P Günther, J Goronzy
INTRODUCTION: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an effective procedure in treatment of symptomatic hip dysplasia. To achieve a good outcome a strict patient selection has to be applied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of patient age at surgery on clinical outcome. METHODS: In a prospective study 86 patients (106 hips) underwent clinical and radiographic follow-up at a mean time of 5 years (2.5-8.5 years) after PAO. Patient-related outcome measurements (PROMs: EQ-5D, WOMAC, OHS, GTO) were applied preoperatively as well as postoperatively and the deformity correction as well as development of osteoarthritis were evaluated...
March 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429067/hip-malformation-is-a-very-common-finding-in-young-patients-scheduled-for-total-hip-arthroplasty
#18
Dennis Karimi, Thomas Kallemose, Anders Troelsen, Jakob Klit
INTRODUCTION: In Denmark, 20% of all registered total hip arthroplasties (THA) from 1995 to 2014 has been patients younger than 60 years with primary idiopathic osteoarthritis (OA). It is speculated that hip malformations may be a major contributor to early OA development. It has been shown that hip malformation may compromise implant position and, therefore, identifying and knowing the incidence of malformations is important. Our aim was to assess the prevalence and type of hip malformations in a cohort of younger patients undergoing THA...
April 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423247/periacetabular-osteotomy-for-developmental-hip-dysplasia-with-labral-tears-is-arthrotomy-or-arthroscopy-required
#19
Songkiat Thanacharoenpanich, Matthew J Boyle, Robert F Murphy, Patricia E Miller, Michael B Millis, Young-Jo Kim, Yi-Meng Yen
Patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) who undergo periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) often have labral tears. The objective of this retrospective study was to compare PAO alone with PAO combined with arthrotomy or arthroscopy in DDH patients who had a full-thickness labral tear on magnetic resonance imaging. In total, 47 hips in the PAO group (PAO) were compared with 60 hips in the PAO with concomitant arthrotomy or arthroscopy (PAO-A) with respect to Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS), modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), clinical and radiographic outcomes at a median of 29 months...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406343/intermediate-term-hip-survivorship-and-patient-reported-outcomes-of-periacetabular-osteotomy-the-washington-university-experience
#20
Joel Wells, Perry Schoenecker, Stephen Duncan, Charles W Goss, Kayla Thomason, John C Clohisy
BACKGROUND: The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an alternative to arthroplasty for treating symptomatic acetabular dysplasia, but there have been few studies on the intermediate-term outcomes of this procedure. In the present study, we assessed intermediate-term hip survival and patient-reported outcomes of PAO used to treat symptomatic acetabular dysplasia. METHODS: From July 1994 to August 2008, 238 hips (206 patients) were treated with PAO. Sixty-two had a diagnosis other than classic acetabular dysplasia, and 22 were lost to follow-up...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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