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Intracellular calcium

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811174/subchronic-exposure-to-sublethal-dose-of-imidacloprid-changes-electrophysiological-properties-and-expression-pattern-of-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-subtypes-in-insect-neurosecretory-cells
#1
Yassine Benzidane, Delphine Goven, Aly Ahmed Abd-Ella, Caroline Deshayes, Bruno Lapied, Valérie Raymond
Neonicotinoids are the most important class of insecticides used in agriculture over the last decade. They act as selective agonists of insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). The emergence of insect resistance to these insecticides is one of the major problems, which limit the use of neonicotinoids. The aim of our study is to better understand physiological changes appearing after subchronic exposure to sublethal doses of insecticide using complementary approaches that include toxicology, electrophysiology, molecular biology and calcium imaging...
August 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808010/voltage-gated-calcium-flux-mediates-escherichia-coli-mechanosensation
#2
Giancarlo N Bruni, R Andrew Weekley, Benjamin J T Dodd, Joel M Kralj
Electrically excitable cells harness voltage-coupled calcium influx to transmit intracellular signals, typically studied in neurons and cardiomyocytes. Despite intense study in higher organisms, investigations of voltage and calcium signaling in bacteria have lagged due to their small size and a lack of sensitive tools. Only recently were bacteria shown to modulate their membrane potential on the timescale of seconds, and little is known about the downstream effects from this modulation. In this paper, we report on the effects of electrophysiology in individual bacteria...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807146/trp-channel-pores-and-local-calcium-signals
#3
REVIEW
Marie Mulier, Joris Vriens, Thomas Voets
Calcium signals control a plethora of essential cellular functions ranging from secretion and contraction to gene expression and sensory signaling cascades. An essential part of intracellular calcium signals originates from the transmembrane flux of calcium ions, which is mainly mediated through different calcium-permeable cation channels with variable calcium selectivity. Opening of individual calcium permeable channels induces a local cytosolic calcium rise that can be highly restricted in time and space...
September 2017: Cell Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805973/experimental-and-clinical-evidence-of-differential-effects-of-magnesium-sulfate-on-neuroprotection-and-angiogenesis-in-the-fetal-brain
#4
Matthieu Lecuyer, Marina Rubio, Clément Chollat, Maryline Lecointre, Sylvie Jégou, Philippe Leroux, Carine Cleren, Isabelle Leroux-Nicollet, Loic Marpeau, Denis Vivien, Stéphane Marret, Bruno J Gonzalez
Clinical studies showed beneficial effects of magnesium sulfate regarding the risk of cerebral palsy. However, regimen protocols fluctuate worldwide and risks of adverse effects impacting the vascular system have been reported for human neonates, keeping open the question of the optimal dosing. Using clinically relevant concentrations and doses of magnesium sulfate, experiments consisted of characterizing, respectively, ex vivo and in vivo, the effects of magnesium sulfate on the nervous and vascular systems of mouse neonates by targeting neuroprotection, angiogenesis, and hemodynamic factors and in measuring, in human fetuses, the impact of a 4-g neuroprotective loading dose of magnesium sulfate on brain hemodynamic parameters...
August 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805211/all-atom-md-indicates-ion-dependent-behavior-of-therapeutic-dna-polymer
#5
Ryan L Melvin, William H Gmeiner, Freddie R Salsbury
Understanding the efficacy of and creating delivery mechanisms for therapeutic nucleic acids requires understanding structural and kinetic properties which allow these polymers to promote the death of cancerous cells. One molecule of interest is a 10 mer of FdUMP (5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine-5'-O-monophosphate) - also called F10. Here we investigate the structural and kinetic behavior of F10 in intracellular and extracellular solvent conditions along with non-biological conditions that may be efficacious in in vitro preparations of F10 delivery systems...
August 14, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804558/nadph-oxidase-2-inhibitor-diphenyleneiodonium-enhances-ros-independent-bacterial-phagocytosis-in-murine-macrophages-via-activation-of-the-calcium-mediated-p38-mapk-signaling-pathway
#6
Yuanfeng Zhu, Shijun Fan, Ning Wang, Xiaoli Chen, Yongjun Yang, Yongling Lu, Qian Chen, Jiang Zheng, Xin Liu
Activation of NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) triggers reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, both of which are essential for robust microbial clearance by phagocytes. However, it is unknown whether inhibition of NOX2 activation or ROS generation affects cellular phagocytosis. Here, we found that the classic NOX2 inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) induced uptake of E. coli by murine peritoneal macrophages through enhancing phagocytosis, and this effect was temperature-sensitive and attenuated by cytochalasin D as well as chemical inhibition of Syk and PLCγ, two downstream kinases involved in actin polymerization during phagocytosis...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804557/motor-neuron-degeneration-following-glycine-mediated-excitotoxicity-induces-spastic-paralysis-after-spinal-cord-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rabbit
#7
Li Wang, Sen Li, Yuan Liu, Dong-Liang Feng, Long Jiang, Zai-Yun Long, Ya-Min Wu
Spinal cord ischemia and reperfusion (SCIR) injury is the major cause of a wide range of complications, including neural degeneration and devastating paraplegia. Decrease of inhibitory neurotransmitters and increase of excitory neurotransmitters are the major cause for the excitotoxicity of neurons. However, no study has reported the temporal loss of motor neuron in the ventral horn of spinal cord area following SCIR-induced spastic paralysis, not even the mechanism under it. In the present study, we found that the rabbits were mainly spastic paralyzed after spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801786/the-grapevine-vvcax3-is-a-cation-h-exchanger-involved-in-vacuolar-ca-2-homeostasis
#8
Viviana Martins, Filipa Carneiro, Carlos Conde, Mariana Sottomayor, Hernâni Gerós
The grapevine VvCAX3 mediates calcium transport in the vacuole and is mostly expressed in green grape berries and upregulated by Ca (2+) , Na (+) and methyl jasmonate. Calcium is an essential plant nutrient with important regulatory and structural roles in the berries of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). On the other hand, the proton-cation exchanger CAX proteins have been shown to impact Ca(2+) homeostasis with important consequences for fruit integrity and resistance to biotic/abiotic stress. Here, the CAX gene found in transcriptomic databases as having one of the highest expressions in grapevine tissues, VvCAX3, was cloned and functionally characterized...
August 11, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801072/irinotecan-chemotherapy-induced-intestinal-oxidative-stress-underlying-causes-of-disturbed-mucosal-water-and-electrolyte-transport
#9
Kaïs Rtibi, Slimen Selmi, Dhekra Grami, Hichem Sebai, Mohamed Amri, Lamjed Marzouki
Irinotecan, a chemotherapy drug, can cause acute diarrhea immediately after administration. Hence, the present study was designed to investigate the gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances after an intraperitoneal (IP) administration of irinotecan in rats.Twenty Wistar rats were separated into two groups of ten. Group A was considered as a control group (NaCl, 0.9%). Group B was treated with irinotecan at a single dose of 200mgkg(-1). The rats were observed for defecation. For the enteropooling test, the animals were sacrificed by decapitation 1h post-treatment...
July 23, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800512/metabotropic-glutamate-receptors-as-emerging-research-targets-in-bipolar-disorder
#10
REVIEW
Caren J Blacker, Charles P Lewis, Mark A Frye, Marin Veldic
Glutamatergic dysregulation is implicated in the neuropathology of bipolar disorder (BD). There is increasing interest in investigating the role of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in BD and as a target for treatment intervention. Bipolar mGluR studies (published January 1992-April 2016) were identified via PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus. Full-text screening, data extraction, and quality appraisal were conducted in duplicate, with strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. The initial literature search for mGluRs in BD, including non-bipolar mood disorders and primary psychotic disorders, identified 1544 articles...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798481/red-660%C3%A2-nm-or-near-infrared-810%C3%A2-nm-photobiomodulation-stimulates-while-blue-415%C3%A2-nm-green-540%C3%A2-nm-light-inhibits-proliferation-in-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#11
Yuguang Wang, Ying-Ying Huang, Yong Wang, Peijun Lyu, Michael R Hamblin
We previously showed that blue (415 nm) and green (540 nm) wavelengths were more effective in stimulating osteoblast differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASC), compared to red (660 nm) and near-infrared (NIR, 810 nm). Intracellular calcium was higher after blue/green, and could be inhibited by the ion channel blocker, capsazepine. In the present study we asked what was the effect of these four wavelengths on proliferation of the hASC? When cultured in proliferation medium there was a clear difference between blue/green which inhibited proliferation and red/NIR which stimulated proliferation, all at 3 J/cm(2)...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795531/reduced-expression-of-pmca1-is-associated-with-increased-blood-pressure-with-age-which-is-preceded-by-remodelling-of-resistance-arteries
#12
Robert Little, Min Zi, Sally K Hammad, Loan Nguyen, Alexandra Njegic, Sathishkumar Kurusamy, Sukhpal Prehar, Angel L Armesilla, Ludwig Neyses, Clare Austin, Elizabeth J Cartwright
Hypertension is a well-established risk factor for adverse cardiovascular events, and older age is a risk factor for the development of hypertension. Genomewide association studies have linked ATP2B1, the gene for the plasma membrane calcium ATPase 1 (PMCA1), to blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. Here, we present the effects of reduction in the expression of PMCA1 on BP and small artery structure and function when combined with advancing age. Heterozygous PMCA1 null mice (PMCA1(Ht) ) were generated and conscious BP was measured at 6 to 18 months of age...
August 9, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795389/anti-nociceptive-effect-of-patchouli-alcohol-involving-attenuation-of-cyclooxygenase-2-and-modulation-of-mu-opioid-receptor
#13
Xuan Yu, Xin-Pei Wang, Xiao-Jin Yan, Jing-Fei Jiang, Fan Lei, Dong-Ming Xing, Yue-Ying Guo, Li-Jun Du
OBJECTIVE: To explore the anti-nociceptive effect of patchouli alcohol (PA), the essential oil isolated from Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Bent, and determine the mechanism in molecular levels. METHODS: The acetic acid-induced writhing test and formalin-induced plantar injection test in mice were employed to confifirm the effect in vivo. Intracellular calcium ion was imaged to verify PA on mu-opioid receptor (MOR). Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2) and MOR of mouse brain were expressed for determination of PA's target...
August 9, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795251/5-fluorouracil-induced-mitochondrial-oxidative-cytotoxicity-and-apoptosis-are-increased-in-mcf-7-human-breast-cancer-cells-by-trpv1-channel-activation-but-not-hypericum-perforatum-treatment
#14
Haci Ahmet Deveci, Mustafa Nazıroğlu, Gökhan Nur
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a widely used chemotherapy agent for breast cancer, although drug resistance is a critical issue regarding the use of this agent in the disease. Calcium signaling is a well-known main cause of proliferation and apoptosis in breast cancer cells. Although previous studies have implicated TRPV1 inhibitor, anticancer, and apoptotic roles of Hypericum perforatum (HPer) in several cells, the synergistic inhibition effects of HPer and 5-FU in cancer and the stimulation of ongoing apoptosis have not yet been clarified in MCF-7 cells...
August 9, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794794/sfrp2-enhances-the-osteogenic-differentiation-of-apical-papilla-stem-cells-by-antagonizing-the-canonical-wnt-pathway
#15
Luyuan Jin, Yu Cao, Guoxia Yu, Jinsong Wang, Xiao Lin, Lihua Ge, Juan Du, Liping Wang, Shu Diao, Xiaomeng Lian, Songlin Wang, Rui Dong, Zhaochen Shan
BACKGROUND: Exploring the molecular mechanisms underlying directed differentiation is helpful in the development of clinical applications of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Our previous study on dental tissue-derived MSCs demonstrated that secreted frizzled-related protein 2 (SFRP2), a Wnt inhibitor, could enhance osteogenic differentiation in stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAPs). However, how SFRP2 promotes osteogenic differentiation of dental tissue-derived MSCs remains unclear...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793932/hydroxychloroquine-inhibits-cd154-expression-in-cd4-t-lymphocytes-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-through-nfat-but-not-stat5-signaling
#16
Shu-Fen Wu, Chia-Bin Chang, Jui-Mei Hsu, Ming-Chi Lu, Ning-Sheng Lai, Chin Li, Chien-Hsueh Tung
BACKGROUND: Overexpression of membranous CD154 in T lymphocytes has been found previously in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Because hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) has been used frequently in the treatment of lupus, we sought to identify the effects of HCQ on CD154 and a possibly regulatory mechanism. METHODS: CD4(+) T cells were isolated from the blood of lupus patients. After stimulation with ionomycin or IL-15 and various concentrations of HCQ, expression of membranous CD154 and NFAT and STAT5 signaling were assessed...
August 9, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792844/trpa1-ion-channel-stimulation-enhances-cardiomyocyte-contractile-function-via-a-camkii-dependent-pathway
#17
Spencer R Andrei, Monica Ghosh, Pritam Sinharoy, Souvik Dey, Ian N Bratz, Derek S Damron
RATIONALE: Transient receptor potential channels of the ankyrin subtype-1 (TRPA1) are non-selective cation channels that show high permeability to calcium. Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that TRPA1 ion channels are expressed in adult mouse ventricular cardiomyocytes (CMs) and are localized at the z-disc, costamere and intercalated disc. The functional significance of TRPA1 ion channels in the modulation of CM contractile function have not been explored. OBJECTIVE: To identify the extent to which TRPA1 ion channels are involved in modulating CM contractile function and elucidate the cellular mechanism of action...
August 9, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792496/stabilization-of-diastolic-calcium-signal-via-calcium-pump-regulation-of-complex-local-calcium-releases-and-transient-decay-in-a-computational-model-of-cardiac-pacemaker-cell-with-individual-release-channels
#18
Alexander V Maltsev, Victor A Maltsev, Michael D Stern
Intracellular Local Ca releases (LCRs) from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) regulate cardiac pacemaker cell function by activation of electrogenic Na/Ca exchanger (NCX) during diastole. Prior studies demonstrated the existence of powerful compensatory mechanisms of LCR regulation via a complex local cross-talk of Ca pump, release and NCX. One major obstacle to study these mechanisms is that LCR exhibit complex Ca release propagation patterns (including merges and separations) that have not been characterized. Here we developed new terminology, classification, and computer algorithms for automatic detection of numerically simulated LCRs and examined LCR regulation by SR Ca pumping rate (Pup) that provides a major contribution to fight-or-flight response...
August 8, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792219/novel-diarylurea-based-allosteric-modulators-of-the-cannabinoid-cb1-receptor-evaluation-of-importance-of-6-pyrrolidinylpyridinyl-substitution
#19
Thuy Nguyen, Nadezhda German, Ann M Decker, Tifffany L Langston, Thomas F Gamage, Charlotte E Farquhar, Jun-Xu Li, Jenny L Wiley, Brian F Thomas, Yanan Zhang
Allosteric modulators of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor have recently been reported as an alternative approach to modulate the CB1 receptor for therapeutic benefits. In this study, we report the design and synthesis of a series of diarylureas derived from PSNCBAM-1 (2). Similar to 2, these diarylureas dose-dependently inhibited CP55,940-induced intracellular calcium mobilization and [(35)S]GTP-γ-S binding while enhancing [(3)H]CP55,940 binding to the CB1 receptor. Structure-activity relationship studies revealed that the pyridinyl ring of 2 could be replaced by other aromatic rings and the pyrrolidinyl ring is not required for CB1 allosteric modulation...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791525/substitution-with-a-single-cysteine-in-the-green-fluorescent-protein-based-calcium-indicator-gcamp3-enhances-calcium-sensitivity
#20
Tae Joon Kim, Ji Young Yoo, Won-Sik Shim
Genetically encoded calcium indicators (GECI) such as GCaMP3 are attracting significant attention as a good option for measuring intracellular calcium levels. Recently, a modified GCaMP3 called dCys-GCaMP3 was developed by replacing two threonine residues with cysteines. dCys-GCaMP3 proved to be a better calcium indicator, but it was not clear how and why the two cysteine residues were able to enhance the protein's calcium sensitivity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible roles of these cysteine residues in dCys-GCaMP3...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
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