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Phytoestrogen in soy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895210/differentiation-patterns-of-uterine-carcinomas-and-precursor-lesions-induced-by-neonatal-estrogen-exposure-in-mice
#1
Alisa A Suen, Wendy N Jefferson, Carmen J Williams, Charles E Wood
Developmental exposure to estrogenic chemicals is an established risk factor for cancer of the female reproductive tract. This increase in risk has been associated with disruption of normal patterns of cellular differentiation during critical stages of morphogenesis. The goal of this study was to document uterine epithelial phenotypes over time following neonatal treatment with the synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES) or the soy phytoestrogen genistein (GEN) in female CD-1 mice. Both DES and GEN induced three distinct populations of abnormal endometrial epithelial cells: luminal (SIX1+/P63-/CK14-/CK18+), basal (SIX1+/P63+/CK14+/CK18-), and mixed/bipotential (SIX1+/P63-/CK14+/CK18+), which were all established by early adulthood...
January 1, 2018: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845026/effect-of-soy-isoflavone-on-hot-flushes-endometrial-thickness-and-breast-clinical-as-well-as-sonographic-features
#2
Marziyeh Vahid Dastjerdi, Bita Eslami, Maryam Alsadat Sharifi, Ashraf Moini, Leila Bayani, Hoda Mohammad Khani, Sadaf Alipour
Background: Phytoestrogens treatment to relieve hot flushes in menopausal women was considered recently. However, the actual effectiveness and safety are not clear. Methods: Randomized clinical trial (IRCT#20100706004329N5) was performed in 204 patients who complained of hot flushes in Arash Women's Hospital, Tehran, Iran from 2013-2015. The first group received 50 mg isoflavone (group A) once daily and the second group received placebo (group B) in the same regimen...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844617/genistein-is-the-multifarious-botanical-a-natural-anthelmintic-too
#3
V Tandon, B Das
Genistein (4',5,7-trihydroxyisoflavone) is naturally present in plants of the soy family and is known to have various pharmacological activities, such as anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant, etc. The phytoestrogen is one of the major isoflavones found in some medicinal plants having anthelmintic properties. This review describes the putative role of genistein as an anthelmintic, which has been tested on some helminth parasites in vitro. Genistein has been shown to cause paralysis and alterations in the tegument and tegumental enzymes (acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, adenosine triphosphatase, and 5'-nucleotidase) of helminth parasites...
June 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763383/eb-2017-article-soy-protein-isolate-feeding-does-not-result-in-reproductive-toxicity-in-the-pre-pubertal-rat-testis
#4
Martin Jj Ronis, Horacio Gomez-Acevedo, Kartik Shankar, Neha Sharma, Michael Blackburn, Rohit Singhal, Kelly E Mercer, Thomas M Badger
The isoflavone phytoestrogens found in the soy protein isolate used in soy infant formulas have been shown to have estrogenic actions in the developing male reproductive tract resulting in reproductive toxicity. However, few studies have examined potential estrogenicity of soy protein isolate as opposed to that of pure isoflavones. In this study, we fed weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats a semi-purified diet with casein or soy protein isolate as the sole protein source from postnatal day 21 to 33. Additional groups were fed casein or soy protein isolate and treated s...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761845/the-o-methylated-isoflavone-formononetin-inhibits-human-ovarian-cancer-cell-proliferation-by-sub-g0-g1-cell-phase-arrest-through-pi3k-akt-and-erk1-2-inactivation
#5
Sunwoo Park, Fuller W Bazer, Whasun Lim, Gwonhwa Song
Formononetin is an isoflavone that is extracted from red clovers or soy. It has anti-oxidant, anti-proliferative, and anti-tumor effects against cells in various diseases. Several cohort studies have indicated that phytoestrogen intake, including formononetin, could reduce the risk of various carcinogenesis. In fact, many case-control studies have indicated the potential value of flavonoids as drug supplements in the treatment of many cancer patients. However, the toxic effects and the anti-cancer mechanism of formononetin in ovarian cancer are unknown...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761487/the-phytoestrogen-genistein-prevents-trabecular-bone-loss-and-affects-thyroid-follicular-cells-in-a-male-rat-model-of-osteoporosis
#6
Branko Filipović, Branka Šošić-Jurjević, Vladimir Ajdžanović, Jasmina Živanović, Milica Manojlović-Stojanoski, Nataša Nestorović, Nataša Ristić, Svetlana Trifunović, Verica Milošević
As a major phytoestrogen of soy, genistein effectively prevents bone loss in both humans and rat models of osteoporosis. However, although the bone-sparing effects of genistein are achieved directly through estrogen receptors, its mode of action on bone by modulation of other endocrine functions is not entirely clear. Thus, thyroid hormones and calcitonin (CT) have an essential influence on bone metabolism. Besides its action on bones, in this study we examined the effect of genistein on the activity of two different endocrine cell populations, thyroid follicular and C-cells...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693152/genistein-reduces-the-activation-of-akt-and-egfr-and-the-production-of-il6-in-cholangiocarcinoma-cells-involving-estrogen-and-estrogen-receptors
#7
Pariyada Tanjak, Apinya Thiantanawat, Piyajit Watcharasit, Jutamaad Satayavivad
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a malignant tumor of the biliary epithelium associated with Opisthorchis viverrini, primary sclerosing cholangitis and hepatitis viral infection. In the global population, men have higher incidence rates for CCA than women; thus, a gender disparity in the progression of chronic inflammation of the biliary duct leading to malignancy may involve the effects of estrogen (E2). Genistein (GE), a prominent phytoestrogen found in soy products, is an estrogen receptor β (ERβ) agonist and a tyrosine kinase inhibitor...
July 2018: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582200/pig-testis-extract-augments-adiponectin-expression-and-secretion-through-the-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-signaling-pathway-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#8
Keishi Kadooka, Mikako Sato, Takashi Matsumoto, Satoru Kuhara, Yoshinori Katakura, Tatsuya Fujimura
Adiponectin is a key molecule whose upregulation may ameliorate symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus and disorders of lipid metabolism. Several plant-derived components have been shown to enhance adiponectin secretion; however, there have been no reports on the effects of animal-derived products. Therefore, in the current study, we investigated whether hot-water extracts of specific livestock by-products induce the expression of adiponectin in mouse 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Out of the 11 extracts tested, pig testis extract (PTE) was found to enhance adiponectin expression and secretion by 3T3-L1 cells...
March 26, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569839/soy-phytoestrogens-do-not-fully-reverse-changes-in-rat-pituitary-castration-cells-unbiased-stereological-study
#9
Nataša Nestorović, Svetlana Trifunović, Milica Manojlović-Stojanoski, Ivana Jarić, Nataša Ristić, Branko Filipović, Branka Šošić-Jurjević, Verica Milošević
The aim of the study was to examine the potential of the principal soy isoflavones, genistein and daidzein, or isoflavone rich soy extract to recover pituitary castration cells in orchidectomized adult male rats in comparison with the effects of estradiol. Two weeks post orchidectomy (Orx), animals received estradiol-dipropionate, genistein, daidzein or soy extract subcutaneously for 3 weeks. Control sham-operated (So) and Orx rats received just the vehicle. Changes in the volumes of pars distalis, of individual follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) containing cells, their volume, numerical density and number were determined by unbiased design-based stereology...
March 23, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528085/soy-isoflavone-effects-on-the-adrenal-glands-of-orchidectomized-adult-male-rats-a-comprehensive-histological-and-hormonal-study
#10
Verica Lj Milošević, Walter B Severs, Nataša M Ristić, Milica N Manojlović-Stojanoski, Florina V Popovska-Perčinić, Branka T Šošić-Jurjević, Lazo B Pendovski, Svetlana L Trifunović, Marko Š Miler, Vladimir Z Ajdžanović
Genistein (G) and related soy phytoestrogens have been studied for potential usefulness in different chronic diseases, and may ameliorate signs of aging. They have a profound influence on the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. The present study utilized the rat model of mild andropause to thoroughly evaluate the effects of G and soy extract on the adrenal gland and related blood hormones. Adult male rats were orchidectomized (Orx) or sham operated (SO). Orx rats received daily subcutaneous injections for 3 weeks of solvent, or G (Orx+G, 30 mg/kg), or commercial soy extract (Orx+Soy, 30 mg/kg)...
March 12, 2018: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486575/effect-of-endocrine-disruptor-phytoestrogens-on-the-immune-system-present-and-future
#11
György Csaba
Endocrine disruptors (EDs) are bound by steroid receptors, have steroid-like effects, and by this, negatively influence hormone-regulated processes. Phytoestrogens, which are consumed in enormously high amount by man, are also EDs; however, in contrast to industrial or communal EDs, in some cases have beneficial effects. As immune cells have steroid (first of all, estrogen) nuclear and plasma membrane receptors, which bind phytostrogens (genistein, daidzein, etc.), the development, lifespan, and function of them are deeply influenced by phytoestrogens...
March 1, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354615/effect-of-phytoestrogen-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-menopausal-women-a-systematic-review
#12
Abolfazl Fattah
Objectives: In this systematic review, the effectiveness of herbal medicines in improving depression and anxiety in menopausal women was assessed. Methods: Three following databases were individually searched: MEDLINE (1966-March 2017), SCOPUS (1990-March 2017), and the Cochrane Library (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials; 2017). Results: A total of 9 trials were included in this systematic review. Overall, soy was found to have a beneficial effect...
December 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329272/rapid-screening-and-identification-of-daidzein-metabolites-in-rats-based-on-uhplc-ltq-orbitrap-mass-spectrometry-coupled-with-data-mining-technologies
#13
Wenjing Zhao, Zhanpeng Shang, Qinqing Li, Moran Huang, Wenbin He, Zhibin Wang, Jiayu Zhang
Daidzein, the main bioactive soy isoflavone in Nature, has been found to possess many biological functions. It has been investigated in particular as a phytoestrogen owing to the similarity of its structure with that of the human hormone estrogen. Due to the lack of comprehensive studies on daidzein metabolism, further research is still required to clarify its in vivo metabolic fate and intermediate processes. In this study, an efficient strategy was established using UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometry to profile the metabolism of daidzein in rats...
January 12, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304010/soy-soy-foods-and-their-role-in-vegetarian-diets
#14
REVIEW
Gianluca Rizzo, Luciana Baroni
Soy is a basic food ingredient of traditional Asian cuisine used for thousands of years. In Western countries, soybeans have been introduced about a hundred years ago and recently they are mainly used for surrogate foods production. Soy and soy foods are common nutritional solutions for vegetarians, due to their high protein content and versatility in the production of meat analogues and milk substitutes. However, there are some doubts about the potential effects on health, such as the effectiveness on cardiovascular risk reduction or, conversely, on the possible disruption of thyroid function and sexual hormones...
January 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183775/novel-effects-of-phytoestrogenic-soy-isoflavones-on-serum-calcium-and-chloride-in-premenopausal-women-a-2-year-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#15
Lee-Jane W Lu, Nai-Wei Chen, Fatima Nayeem, V-M Sadagopa Ramanujam, Yong-Fang Kuo, Donald G Brunder, Manubai Nagamani, Karl E Anderson
BACKGROUND: Soy phytoestrogens are potential alternatives to postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Adverse effects of HRT such as myocardial infarction, stroke, and pulmonary embolism are mediated by calcium-induced signaling. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether soy isoflavones affect serum calcium in healthy female subjects. DESIGN: In a double-blind trial, 197 premenopausal women were randomly assigned to either isoflavone (N = 99) or placebo pills (N = 98) 5 days per week for up to 2 years, plus prenatal vitamins...
November 11, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167771/somatic-vegetative-symptoms-evolution-in-postmenopausal-women-treated-with-phytoestrogens-and-hormone-replacement-therapy
#16
Delia Mirela Ţiţ, Annamaria Pallag, Ciprian Iovan, Gheorghe Furău, Cristian Furău, Simona Bungău
Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of the phytoestrogens in relieving and/or suppressing the specific somatic-vegetative symptoms of menopause with those of the hormone therapy, administered in small doses. Methods: The study was conducted in the County Clinical Emergency Hospital Oradea - Obstetric-Gynecological Ambulatory, and in private obstetrics-gynecology cabinets from Bihor County (NW Romania), from November 2011 to January 2014...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167726/effects-of-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-soy-on-learning-memory-and-synaptic-plasticity-deficits-induced-by-seizure-in-ovariectomized-rats
#17
Mehdi Khodamoradi, Majid Asadi-Shekaari, Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani, Fariba Sharififar, Vahid Sheibani
Introduction: Previous studies have shown that seizure can induce cognitive impairment. On the other hand, soy phytoestrogens, which are mainly found in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), have beneficial effects on the nervous system. However, little is known about their probable effects on seizure. The present study aimed to examine the probable effects of soy extract, containing the phytoestrogen genistein on seizure-induced cognitive and synaptic plasticity impairment in Ovariectomized (OVX) rats...
September 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156930/benefits-of-soy-in-women-s-health
#18
Carmen Martín Salinas, Ana M López-Sobaler
A great interest has been developed last decades on the role of phytoestrogens as an alternative to hormone replacement therapy. In fact, numerous studies have shown the effects of soy isoflavones on climacteric symptomatology by significantly reducing the frequency and intensity of hot flashes, as well on cardiovascular health. The aim of this paper was to review the last studies, mainly randomized controlled trials, on the effect of isoflavones on climacteric symptoms and their impact on women's quality of life, as well as on other health markers...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101532/the-phytoestrogens-daidzein-and-equol-inhibit-the-drug-transporter-bcrp-abcg2-in-breast-cancer-cells-potential-chemosensitizing-effect
#19
Juan Pablo Rigalli, Paul Niklas Scholz, Guillermo Nicolás Tocchetti, María Laura Ruiz, Johanna Weiss
PURPOSE: The soy isoflavone genistein has been described to up-regulate breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and, thus, enhance chemoresistance in breast cancer cells. The aim of this work was to assess the effect of long- and short-term incubation with daidzein, the second most abundant soy isoflavone and its metabolite equol on the expression and activity of P-glycoprotein, multidrug resistance-associated proteins 1 and 2 (MRP1 and MRP2) and BCRP in breast cancer cells. METHODS: MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with phytoestrogen concentrations within the range achieved in individuals with a high isoflavone intake...
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985044/biosynthesis-of-5-hydroxy-equol-and-5-hydroxy-dehydroequol-from-soy-isoflavone-genistein-using-microbial-whole-cell-bioconversion
#20
Pyung-Gang Lee, Joonwon Kim, Eun-Jung Kim, Sang-Hyuk Lee, Kwon-Young Choi, Romas J Kazlauskas, Byung-Gee Kim
Equols are isoflavandiols formed by reduction of soy isoflavones such as daidzein and genistein by gut microorganisms. These phytoestrogens are of interest for their various biological effects. We report biosynthesis from genistein to (-)-5-hydroxy-equol in recombinant E. coli expressing three reductases (daidzein reductase DZNR, dihidrodaidzein reductase DHDR, tetrahydrodaidzein reductase THDR) and a racemase (dihydrodaidzein racemase, DDRC) originating from the gut bacterium, Slackia isoflavoniconvertens...
November 17, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
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