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journal of bone and joint surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909116/the-journal-of-bone-and-joint-surgery-the-bone-joint-journal-and-clinical-orthopaedics-and-related-research-require-prospective-registration-of-randomised-clinical-trials-why-is-this-important
#1
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852915/levels-of-influence-habituation-and-the-prevalence-of-declared-conflicts-of-interest
#2
REVIEW
Jillian R H Bernstein, George Maliha, Jaimo Ahn, Joseph Bernstein
BACKGROUND: The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors has devised a system of mandatory disclosure, under which authors are required to disclose all conflicts of interest and the sources of support for the submitted research. Because payments from industry to physicians generally are common, it is likely that many authors of medical manuscripts will have information to disclose. As a result, the signal-to-noise ratio of such declarations may be low, thereby undermining the effectiveness of disclosure...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790530/a-randomized-controlled-study-to-compare-conventional-and-evidence-based-treatment-protocols-in-fresh-compound-fractures
#3
Kanika Mahajan, Vikas Verma, Girish Kumar Singh, Santosh Kumar, Sachin Avasthi
INTRODUCTION: A recent concept review in Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS) outlines evidence to control peri-operative infections in compound fractures. However, evidence for impact of adopting a protocol combining measures that have some evidence is lacking in literature. The present method of treatment at King George's Medical University (KGMU) is representative of the conventional practice of managing compound fractures in India and is an appropriate control for trial against the Experimental Evidence Based Protocol (EBP)...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707856/the-early-impact-of-an-administrative-processing-fee-on-manuscript-submissions-at-the-journal-of-bone-joint-surgery
#4
Benedict U Nwachukwu, William W Schairer, Conan So, Jaime L Bernstein, James Herndon, Emily R Dodwell
BACKGROUND: There was a dramatic increase in the volume of manuscripts submitted to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (JBJS) between 2009 and 2012. This resulted in increased journal administrative costs. To offset this financial burden, in May 2013, JBJS started charging authors an administrative processing fee at the time of submission. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of the administrative fee on the volume and characteristics of manuscripts submitted to JBJS. METHODS: Our analysis included 866 manuscripts submitted to JBJS between November 2012 and November 2013...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613708/five-year-publication-rate-of-clinical-presentations-at-the-open-and-closed-american-shoulder-and-elbow-surgeons-annual-meeting-from-2005-2010
#5
J Kay, M Memon, D de Sa, A Duong, N Simunovic, G S Athwal, O R Ayeni
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the five-year publication rate of papers presented at both the open and closed American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons' (ASES) annual meetings from 2005 to 2010. METHODS: Online abstracts of the presentations at the open and closed ASES annual meetings were independently screened for clinical studies and graded for quality using level of evidence. The databases PubMed (MEDLINE), Ovid (MEDLINE), and EMBASE were comprehensively searched for full-text publications corresponding to these presentations and any paper published within five years of the presentation date was counted...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603185/use-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-pediatric-orthopaedic-literature
#6
Lisa Phillips, Sasha Carsen, Anisha Vasireddi, Kishore Mulpuri
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes are increasingly used as primary measures of success and impact of health care services. There is no current consensus on the efficacy of functional health status (FHS) or health-related quality of life (HRQoL) evaluation in pediatric orthopaedic surgery. The purpose of this study was to quantify and characterize the use of such patient-reported outcomes in the pediatric orthopaedic literature over the last several years. METHODS: A cross-sectional review of 6 orthopaedic journals-Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Bone and Joint Journal, Spine, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics A, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B, and Journal of Children's Orthopaedics, was conducted by 2 independent reviewers...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443626/hip-surgery-and-its-evidence-base-progress-over-a-decade
#7
Kamrul Hasan, Shivakumar Shankar, Aadhar Sharma, Alison Carter, Razi Zaidi, Suzie Cro, John Skinner, Andy Goldberg
BACKGROUND: The burden of traumatic and elective hip surgery is set to grow. With an increasing number of techniques and implants against the background of an aging population, the emphasis on evidence-based treatment has never been greater. The purpose of this study was to assess changes in the levels of evidence in the hip literature over a decade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Articles pertaining to hip surgery from the years 2000 and 2010 in Hip International, Journal of Arthroplasty, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery and The Bone and Joint Journal were analysed...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390565/trends-in-the-level-of-evidence-in-clinical-hand-surgery-research
#8
Conor M Sugrue, Cormac W Joyce, Ryan M Sugrue, Sean M Carroll
BACKGROUND: The application of evidence-based medicine (EBM) to the practice of hand surgery has been limited. Production of high-quality research is an integral component of EBM. With considerable improvements in the quality evidence in both orthopedic and plastic and reconstructive surgery, it is imperative that hand surgery research emulates this trend. METHODS: A systematic review was performed on all hand surgery articles published in 6 journals over a 20-year period...
June 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322200/levels-of-evidence-in-orthopaedic-trauma-literature
#9
Joseph P Scheschuk, Andrew J Mostello, Nicholas J Lombardi, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Kevin B Freedman, Fotios P Tjoumakaris
OBJECTIVE: To review and critically assess trends observed regarding the levels of evidence in published articles in orthopaedic traumatology literature. DATA SOURCES: The Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American, and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. STUDY SELECTION: All articles from the years 1998, 2003, 2008, and 2013 in The Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma (JOT) and orthopaedic trauma-related articles from The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American (JBJS-A) and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (CORR) were analyzed...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257737/reporting-of-randomized-controlled-trials-with-statistically-nonsignificant-primary-outcomes-published-in-high-impact-surgical-journals
#10
Lakshmanan Arunachalam, Iain A Hunter, Shane Killeen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature and frequency of distorted presentation or "spin" (ie, specific reporting strategies which highlight that the experimental treatment is beneficial, despite a statistically nonsignificant difference for the primary outcome, or distract the reader from statistically nonsignificant results) in published reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with statistically nonsignificant results for primary outcomes in surgical journals. BACKGROUND: Multiple reports have suggested that interpretation of RCT results in medical journals can be distorted by authors of published reports...
June 1, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105650/an-international-survey-to-identify-the-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-factors-of-research-studies-most-likely-to-change-orthopaedic-practice
#11
P Thornley, D de Sa, N Evaniew, F Farrokhyar, M Bhandari, M Ghert
OBJECTIVES: Evidence -based medicine (EBM) is designed to inform clinical decision-making within all medical specialties, including orthopaedic surgery. We recently published a pilot survey of the Canadian Orthopaedic Association (COA) membership and demonstrated that the adoption of EBM principles is variable among Canadian orthopaedic surgeons. The objective of this study was to conduct a broader international survey of orthopaedic surgeons to identify characteristics of research studies perceived as being most influential in informing clinical decision-making...
April 2016: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27099815/current-trends-in-the-use-of-patient-reported-outcome-instruments-in-degenerative-cervical-spine-surgery
#12
Haruki Ueda, Holt S Cutler, Javier Z Guzman, Samuel K Cho
Study Design Bibliometric analysis. Objective To determine trends, frequency, and distribution of patient-reported outcome instruments (PROIs) in degenerative cervical spine surgery literature over the past decade. Methods A search was conducted via PubMed from 2004 to 2013 on five journals (The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, The Bone and Joint Journal, The Spine Journal, European Spine Journal, and Spine), which were chosen based on their impact factors and authors' consensus. All abstracts were screened and articles addressing degenerative cervical spine surgery using PROIs were included...
May 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991577/on-track-to-professorship-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-early-scholarly-output
#13
Michael T Milone, Joseph Bernstein
Academic productivity, demonstrated by a record of scholarly publication, is the main criterion for academic promotion. Nevertheless, there are no data on early-career productivity milestones to guide young faculty members aspiring to attain professor status. We performed a bibliometric analysis to determine the number of scholarly papers published by current professors of orthopedic surgery within 5 years after their having acquired American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery certification (termed early scholarly output)...
March 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26930022/prevalence-of-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-or-without-meniscectomy-an-evidence-based-practice-paper
#14
Jennifer S Ruano, Michael R Sitler, Jeffrey B Driban
: Reference: Claes S, Hermie L, Verdonk R, Bellemans J, Verdonk P. Is osteoarthritis an inevitable consequence of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction? A meta-analysis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2013;21(9):1967-1976. CLINICAL QUESTION:  What is the prevalence of radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) at a mean follow-up equal to or greater than 10 years after autologous anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, with or without meniscectomy? DATA SOURCES:  The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) reporting guidelines were used to conduct this meta-analysis...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890835/knee-surgery-and-its-evidence-base
#15
REVIEW
A Sharma, K Hasan, A Carter, R Zaidi, S Cro, T Briggs, A Goldberg
INTRODUCTION: Evidence driven orthopaedics is gaining prominence. It enables better management decisions and therefore better patient care. The aim of our study was to review a selection of the leading publications pertaining to knee surgery to assess changes in levels of evidence over a decade. METHODS: Articles from the years 2000 and 2010 in The Knee, the Journal of Arthroplasty, Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (American Volume) and the Bone and Joint Journal were analysed and ranked according to guidelines from the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine...
March 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830928/analysis-of-orthopedic-resident-ability-to-apply-levels-of-evidence-criteria-to-scientific-articles
#16
Louis C Grandizio, Stephanie S Shim, Jove Graham, Callista Costopoulos, Gerard Cush, Joel C Klena
OBJECTIVE: In the era of evidence-based medicine, understanding study design and levels of evidence (LoE) criteria is an important component of resident education and aids practicing surgeons in making informed clinical decisions. The purpose of this study is to analyze the ability of orthopedic residents to accurately determine LoE criteria for published articles compared with medical students. DESIGN: Basic science article. SETTING: Geisinger Medical Center (Danville, PA), tertiary referral center...
May 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26678100/the-effect-of-financial-conflicts-of-interest-in-plastic-surgery-literature
#17
Adam Leavitt, Elizabeth Pace, Christian Reintgen, Bruce A Mast
Medical research has a long history of joint venture between commercial entities and nonindustry researchers. Significant concern exists among accrediting bodies for medical education and federal granting agencies that conflicts of interest (COIs) exist that affect the validity of the research. This study evaluates the legitimacy of this concern.All clinical breast and cosmetic articles in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Annals of Plastic Surgery were reviewed for calendar year 2013. If a financial disclosure was present, the article was then reviewed to determine if the subject/findings were in favor of the commercial conflict and, if so, whether the study was valid...
June 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26571179/patient-reported-outcome-instruments-in-spine-surgery
#18
Javier Z Guzman, Holt S Cutler, James Connolly, Branko Skovrlj, Thomas E Mroz, K Daniel Riew, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: A critical review of the current literature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine frequency, trends, and methods of utilization of spine-related PROIs over the last 10 years. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patient-reported outcome instruments (PROIs) have become the gold standard to assess the efficacy of various medical and surgical treatments. Currently, however, there is an expansive range of PROIs without a clear consensus or guideline addressing which PROIs should be used for a particular diagnosis or surgical intervention...
March 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26468170/chondrectomy-review-of-surgical-instrumentation-and-its-effectiveness
#19
Mariusz Puszkarz, Bogusław Sadlik, Andrzej Solecki
UNLABELLED: ΒACKGROUND: To present surgical instrumentation used in knee chondrectomy and evaluate its effectiveness - a review of the literature. Surgical removal of joint cartilage, or chondrectomy, has been performed by orthopedists since the 1950s. Initially carried out as an open surgery, it has generally come to be performed arthroscopically. Its aim is to create even and stable cartilaginous edges perpendicular to the joint surface and a suitably prepared bottom of the defect for optimum integration of the cartilaginous regenerate...
July 2015: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26372522/low-level-of-evidence-and-methodologic-quality-of%C3%A2-clinical-outcome-studies-on-cartilage-repair-of%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-ankle
#20
REVIEW
John M Pinski, Lorraine A Boakye, Christopher D Murawski, Charles P Hannon, Keir A Ross, John G Kennedy
PURPOSE: To examine the level of evidence and methodologic quality of studies reporting surgical treatments for osteochondral lesions of the ankle. METHODS: A search was performed using the PubMed/Medline, Embase, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), and Cochrane databases for all studies in which the primary objective was to report the outcome after surgical treatment of osteochondral lesions of the ankle. Studies reporting outcomes of microfracture, bone marrow stimulation, autologous osteochondral transplantation, osteochondral allograft transplantation, and autologous chondrocyte implantation were the focus of this analysis because they are most commonly reported in the literature...
January 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
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