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journal of bone and joint surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557815/use-of-paley-classification-and-superankle-procedure-in-the-management-of-fibular-hemimelia
#1
Ruta M Kulkarni, Nitish Arora, Sagar Saxena, Sujay M Kulkarni, Yadwinder Saini, Rajiv Negandhi
BACKGROUND: Fibular hemimelia is the most common deficiency involving the long bones. Paley classification is based on the ankle joint morphology, identifies the basic pathology, and helps in planning the surgical management. Reconstruction surgery encompasses foot deformity correction and limb length equalization. The SUPERankle procedure is a combination of bone and soft tissue procedures that stabilizes the foot and addresses all deformities. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 29 consecutive patients (29 limb segments), surgically treated between December 2000 and December 2014...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529857/local-antimicrobial-treatment-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#2
EDITORIAL
Antonia F Chen, Heinz Winkler
The purpose of this special issue of Journal of Bone and Joint Infection is to provide orthopaedic surgeons with basic science explanations as to how these local antimicrobials work, clinical evidence that supports these local treatments, and the role of these local treatments against biofilm.
2017: Journal of bone and joint infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430703/evidence-based-recommendations-for-pediatric-orthopaedic-practice
#3
Kishore Mulpuri, Emily K Schaeffer, H Kerr Graham, Mininder S Kocher, James Sanders, Ira Zaltz
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicine has become the cornerstone to guide clinical practice decision-making. Evidence-based medicine integrates the strongest available evidence with clinical expertise to make decisions about clinical care. The quality of the evidence depends upon the soundness of the study methodology to allow for meaningful interpretation of the clinical results. The purpose of this review is to analyze the methodological design and clinical findings of published pediatric orthopaedic studies to determine their ability to change or influence clinical practice...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149219/levels-of-evidence-for-hand-questions-on-the-orthopaedic-in-training-examination
#4
Louis C Grandizio, James C Huston, Stephanie S Shim, Jove Graham, Joel C Klena
Background: Although analyses of the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) subspecialty content domains have been performed, few studies have analyzed the levels of evidence (LoEs) for journal articles used as references to create OITE questions. We present an analysis of reference characteristics and question taxonomy for the hand surgery content domain on the OITE. We aim to determine whether level of evidence (LoE) for hand surgery questions have increased over a 15-year period. Methods: All questions and references in the hand surgery content domain on the OITE from 1995-1997 and 2010-2012 were reviewed...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130032/publication-rates-of-podium-presentation-abstracts-at-the-arthroscopy-association-of-north-america-annual-meetings-2004-2012
#5
Jason D Lehman, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Richard Ferraro, Brian J Rebolledo, Eric C Makhni, Nikhil N Verma, Lawrence V Gulotta
PURPOSE: To determine the publication rates of podium presentation abstracts at the Arthroscopy Association of North America (AANA) annual scientific meetings from 2004 to 2012. METHODS: A database of podium presentation abstracts at the annual meetings of the AANA was compiled. Abstract presentations that reached manuscript publication were determined by a PubMed search of the MEDLINE database and Google Scholar. The journal and publication date were then recorded for all identified published abstracts...
January 24, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053263/the-quality-of-randomised-controlled-trials-involving-surgery-from-the-hand-to-the-elbow-a-critical-analysis-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
J M Kim, R M Zimmerman, C M Jones, A Al Muhit, J P Higgins, K R Means
AIMS: Our purpose was to determine the quality of current randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in hand surgery using standardised metrics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on five-year mean impact factors, we selected the six journals that routinely publish studies of upper extremity surgery. Using a journal-specific search query, 62 RCTs met our inclusion criteria. Then three blinded reviewers used the Jadad and revised Coleman Methodology Score (RCMS) to assess the quality of the manuscripts...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033047/top-100-cited-foot-and-ankle-related-articles
#7
Patrick A DeHeer, William Adams, Faye-Rose Grebenyuk, Eric Meshulam, Kory Miskin, Tiffany Truong Koch, Corey Groh
BACKGROUND: Article citations are a well-accepted method of evaluating the influence or impact of a particular article. Other medical specialties have published the top cited articles in their specialty. To date, an analysis of the foot and ankle podiatric medicine-related article citation method has not been published. METHODS: Three citation indices were used on October 10, 2014, February 20, 2015, and May 1, 2015, to determine the top 100 cited foot and ankle-related articles...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029320/pulmonary-infiltrates-in-a-patient-with-advanced-melanoma
#8
Charles A Powell
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909116/the-journal-of-bone-and-joint-surgery-the-bone-joint-journal-and-clinical-orthopaedics-and-related-research-require-prospective-registration-of-randomised-clinical-trials-why-is-this-important
#9
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852915/levels-of-influence-habituation-and-the-prevalence-of-declared-conflicts-of-interest
#10
REVIEW
Jillian R H Bernstein, George Maliha, Jaimo Ahn, Joseph Bernstein
BACKGROUND: The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors has devised a system of mandatory disclosure, under which authors are required to disclose all conflicts of interest and the sources of support for the submitted research. Because payments from industry to physicians generally are common, it is likely that many authors of medical manuscripts will have information to disclose. As a result, the signal-to-noise ratio of such declarations may be low, thereby undermining the effectiveness of disclosure...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790530/a-randomized-controlled-study-to-compare-conventional-and-evidence-based-treatment-protocols-in-fresh-compound-fractures
#11
Kanika Mahajan, Vikas Verma, Girish Kumar Singh, Santosh Kumar, Sachin Avasthi
INTRODUCTION: A recent concept review in Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS) outlines evidence to control peri-operative infections in compound fractures. However, evidence for impact of adopting a protocol combining measures that have some evidence is lacking in literature. The present method of treatment at King George's Medical University (KGMU) is representative of the conventional practice of managing compound fractures in India and is an appropriate control for trial against the Experimental Evidence Based Protocol (EBP)...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707856/the-early-impact-of-an-administrative-processing-fee-on-manuscript-submissions-at-the-journal-of-bone-joint-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Benedict U Nwachukwu, William W Schairer, Conan So, Jaime L Bernstein, James Herndon, Emily R Dodwell
BACKGROUND: There was a dramatic increase in the volume of manuscripts submitted to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (JBJS) between 2009 and 2012. This resulted in increased journal administrative costs. To offset this financial burden, in May 2013, JBJS started charging authors an administrative processing fee at the time of submission. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of the administrative fee on the volume and characteristics of manuscripts submitted to JBJS. METHODS: Our analysis included 866 manuscripts submitted to JBJS between November 2012 and November 2013...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613708/five-year-publication-rate-of-clinical-presentations-at-the-open-and-closed-american-shoulder-and-elbow-surgeons-annual-meeting-from-2005-2010
#13
J Kay, M Memon, D de Sa, A Duong, N Simunovic, G S Athwal, O R Ayeni
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the five-year publication rate of papers presented at both the open and closed American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons' (ASES) annual meetings from 2005 to 2010. METHODS: Online abstracts of the presentations at the open and closed ASES annual meetings were independently screened for clinical studies and graded for quality using level of evidence. The databases PubMed (MEDLINE), Ovid (MEDLINE), and EMBASE were comprehensively searched for full-text publications corresponding to these presentations and any paper published within five years of the presentation date was counted...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603185/use-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-pediatric-orthopaedic-literature
#14
Lisa Phillips, Sasha Carsen, Anisha Vasireddi, Kishore Mulpuri
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes are increasingly used as primary measures of success and impact of health care services. There is no current consensus on the efficacy of functional health status (FHS) or health-related quality of life (HRQoL) evaluation in pediatric orthopaedic surgery. The purpose of this study was to quantify and characterize the use of such patient-reported outcomes in the pediatric orthopaedic literature over the last several years. METHODS: A cross-sectional review of 6 orthopaedic journals-Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Bone and Joint Journal, Spine, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics A, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B, and Journal of Children's Orthopaedics, was conducted by 2 independent reviewers...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443626/hip-surgery-and-its-evidence-base-progress-over-a-decade
#15
REVIEW
Kamrul Hasan, Shivakumar Shankar, Aadhar Sharma, Alison Carter, Razi Zaidi, Suzie Cro, John Skinner, Andy Goldberg
BACKGROUND: The burden of traumatic and elective hip surgery is set to grow. With an increasing number of techniques and implants against the background of an aging population, the emphasis on evidence-based treatment has never been greater. The purpose of this study was to assess changes in the levels of evidence in the hip literature over a decade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Articles pertaining to hip surgery from the years 2000 and 2010 in Hip International, Journal of Arthroplasty, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery and The Bone and Joint Journal were analysed...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390565/trends-in-the-level-of-evidence-in-clinical-hand-surgery-research
#16
Conor M Sugrue, Cormac W Joyce, Ryan M Sugrue, Sean M Carroll
BACKGROUND: The application of evidence-based medicine (EBM) to the practice of hand surgery has been limited. Production of high-quality research is an integral component of EBM. With considerable improvements in the quality evidence in both orthopedic and plastic and reconstructive surgery, it is imperative that hand surgery research emulates this trend. METHODS: A systematic review was performed on all hand surgery articles published in 6 journals over a 20-year period...
June 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322200/levels-of-evidence-in-orthopaedic-trauma-literature
#17
REVIEW
Joseph P Scheschuk, Andrew J Mostello, Nicholas J Lombardi, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Kevin B Freedman, Fotios P Tjoumakaris
OBJECTIVE: To review and critically assess trends observed regarding the levels of evidence in published articles in orthopaedic traumatology literature. DATA SOURCES: The Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American, and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. STUDY SELECTION: All articles from the years 1998, 2003, 2008, and 2013 in The Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma (JOT) and orthopaedic trauma-related articles from The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American (JBJS-A) and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (CORR) were analyzed...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257737/reporting-of-randomized-controlled-trials-with-statistically-nonsignificant-primary-outcomes-published-in-high-impact-surgical-journals
#18
Lakshmanan Arunachalam, Iain A Hunter, Shane Killeen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nature and frequency of distorted presentation or "spin" (ie, specific reporting strategies which highlight that the experimental treatment is beneficial, despite a statistically nonsignificant difference for the primary outcome, or distract the reader from statistically nonsignificant results) in published reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with statistically nonsignificant results for primary outcomes in surgical journals. BACKGROUND: Multiple reports have suggested that interpretation of RCT results in medical journals can be distorted by authors of published reports...
June 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105650/an-international-survey-to-identify-the-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-factors-of-research-studies-most-likely-to-change-orthopaedic-practice
#19
P Thornley, D de Sa, N Evaniew, F Farrokhyar, M Bhandari, M Ghert
OBJECTIVES: Evidence -based medicine (EBM) is designed to inform clinical decision-making within all medical specialties, including orthopaedic surgery. We recently published a pilot survey of the Canadian Orthopaedic Association (COA) membership and demonstrated that the adoption of EBM principles is variable among Canadian orthopaedic surgeons. The objective of this study was to conduct a broader international survey of orthopaedic surgeons to identify characteristics of research studies perceived as being most influential in informing clinical decision-making...
April 2016: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27099815/current-trends-in-the-use-of-patient-reported-outcome-instruments-in-degenerative-cervical-spine-surgery
#20
Haruki Ueda, Holt S Cutler, Javier Z Guzman, Samuel K Cho
Study Design Bibliometric analysis. Objective To determine trends, frequency, and distribution of patient-reported outcome instruments (PROIs) in degenerative cervical spine surgery literature over the past decade. Methods A search was conducted via PubMed from 2004 to 2013 on five journals (The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, The Bone and Joint Journal, The Spine Journal, European Spine Journal, and Spine), which were chosen based on their impact factors and authors' consensus. All abstracts were screened and articles addressing degenerative cervical spine surgery using PROIs were included...
May 2016: Global Spine Journal
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