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Pelvic ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426695/a-comparative-study-of-pediatric-open-pyeloplasty-laparoscopy-assisted-extracorporeal-pyeloplasty-and-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#1
Sang Hoon Song, Chanwoo Lee, Jaeyoon Jung, Sung Jin Kim, Sungchan Park, Hyungkeun Park, Kun Suk Kim
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of open pyeloplasty (OP), laparoscopy-assisted extracorporeal (LEXP), and robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RALP) for ureteropelvic junction obstruction in pediatric patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the age-matched cohort of 30 children who underwent OP, 30 who underwent LEXP, and 10 who underwent RALP at a single institution, from 1996 to 2014. Pre- and post-operative variables including success rate were compared among surgical groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407305/female-striated-urogenital-sphincter-contraction-measured-by-shear-wave-elastography-during-pelvic-floor-muscle-activation-proof-of-concept-and-validation
#2
Rafeef Aljuraifani, Ryan E Stafford, François Hug, Paul W Hodges
AIMS: Investigation of the function of the striated urogenital sphincter (SUS) is challenging because it is difficult to access and requires invasive measures. Ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE) is a non-invasive real-time technique used to estimate tissue stiffness. As muscle stiffness can be used as an estimate of muscle force, SWE provides an opportunity to study contraction of the peri-urethral musculature. Validation of SWE to study SUS during functional tasks, such as pelvic floor muscle contractions, is required prior to application in clinical populations...
April 13, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406832/using-transvaginal-ultrasound-to-determine-the-cause-of-chronic-pelvic-pain
#3
Cathy R Kessenich, James P Coyne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397200/impact-of-pelvic-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-the-indication-of-uterine-artery-embolization-in-the-treatment-of-myoma
#4
Norma Maria Tenório Brito Pires, Emmanuelle Tenório Godoi, Dinaldo Cavalcanti Oliveira, Simone Cristina Soares Brandão, Carlos Coutinho Abath, Pedro Pires, Edward Araujo Júnior
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in the indication for uterine-artery embolization in women with fibroids, as well as the correlation between MRI and ultrasound (US) examinations for diagnosing adenomyosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed through the analysis of the medical records of 263 women referred for uterine-artery embolization as treatment for fibroids after undergoing US and MRI examinations...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396218/analysis-of-clinical-and-ultrasound-determinants-of-adnexal-torsion-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Rebecca Jourjon, Baptiste Morel, Sabine Irtan, Etienne Audureau, Aurore Coulomb-L'Herminé, Michèle Larroquet, Hubert Ducou le Pointe, Eléonore Blondiaux
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the performance of transabdominal ultrasonography (US) for diagnosis of adnexal torsion (AT) in girls and adolescents and evaluate its clinical and US determinants. STUDY DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOME MEASURES: We retrospectively (2004 to 2014) studied data for girls referred for acute or sub-acute pelvic pain who underwent US and included girls 3 months to 18 years old who underwent surgical exploration and/or clinical and radiological follow-up for at least 3 months...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394545/parasitic-myoma-as-an-adnexal-mass-unexpected-finding-after-vaginal-hysterectomy
#6
Ratko Delić, Vladimir Weber
A rare case of parasitic myoma mimicking an adnexal mass in a previously hysterectomized, postmenopausal woman is presented. Two years after vaginal hysterectomy (due to myomas), an asymptomatic right adnexal tumor was noted during regular annual follow up. Ultrasound demonstrated a large 4-5 cm solid mass in the right adnexa, while ovarian cancer biomarkers (CA 125 and HE4) were negative. Intraoperatively, another 3 cm large solid tumor located above the vaginal cuff was discovered. Both pelvic tumors were excised by laparoscopic surgery...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390166/application-of-navigated-ultrasound-for-assessment-of-the-anterior-pelvic-plane-in-patients-with-degenerative-hip-diseases
#7
Andrzej Kochman, Adrian Goral, Tobias Martin, Wojciech Marek, Josef Kozak, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Marek Synder
OBJECTIVES: Correct positioning of the acetabular cup is the key for successful total-hip replacement. In common clinical practice, the target alignment of the cup is defined with respect to the anterior pelvic plane. In patients with substantial anterior pelvic plane inclination, this condition may lead to inappropriate distribution of the load on the cup, as most of the forces exerted within the hip joint act along the vertical axis. With the known pelvic inclination, it is possible to readjust the position of the cup with respect to the individual posture of the patient...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382814/sonographic-guide-for-botulinum-toxin-injections-of-the-lower-limb-euro-musculus-usprm-spasticity-approach
#8
Bayram Kaymak, Murat Kara, Fatih Tok, Ulaşlı Am, Öztürk Gt, Ke-Vin Chang, Ming-Yen Hsiao, Chen-Yu Hung, Arzu Y On, Levent Özçakar
The pertinent literature lacks overt technical data for optimal lower limb muscle botulinum toxin injections using ultrasound (US) imaging. Therefore, this guide is prepared for the commonly injected muscles of the lower limb and the pelvic girdle mainly in spasticity. It includes clinical information, anatomical description and explanation regarding the ultrasound imaging of several muscles. The figures have been organized to orient the readers on the innervation zones, injection sites, probe positionings and the US images simultaneously...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355702/-prevalence-of-breast-and-gynecological-diseases-in-female-workers-in-the-administrative-office-and-workshop-of-an-automobile-part-factory
#9
L X Bai, L Yang, D P Duan, X Y Xu, Z Li, Y M Liu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of breast and gynecological diseases in female workers in the administrative office and workshop of an automobile part factory, and to provide a basis for promoting the health of female workers. Methods: In March 2015, color ultrasound examination of the breast, uterus, and bilateral adnexa was performed for all female workers, and routine gynecological examination, routine leucorrhea examination, and thinprep liquid-based cytology test were performed for married female workers...
February 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348906/rare-epithelioid-leiomyoma-of-the-vagina-exhibiting-a-pelvic-mass
#10
Yuji Tanaka, Mayuko Nagasaka, Mariko Takahashi, Masashi Kobayashi
Epithelioid leiomyoma of the vagina is extremely rare. Smooth muscle tumors of the vagina usually present with a submucosal growth pattern or a pedunculated growth pattern from the anterior vaginal wall into the vaginal cavity. Here we report a case of a 43-year-old woman with a solid epithelioid leiomyoma and a palpable mass in the pouch of Douglas. Transvaginal biopsy and angiography showed the epithelioid leiomyoma feeding from the vaginal artery behind the posterior vagina. An abdominal wide excision of the tumor with a partial vaginectomy was performed...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344961/recurrence-factors-and-reproductive-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-myomectomy-and-minilaparotomic-myomectomy-for-uterine-leiomyomas
#11
Dong Gi Shin, Heon Jong Yoo, Yeon Ah Lee, In Sun Kwon, Ki Hwan Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine recurrence factors and reproductive outcomes of laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) and minilaparotomic myomectomy (MM) for treating uterine leiomyomas. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2013, 160 patients underwent myomectomy, including 122 who underwent LM and 38 who underwent MM. Patients were followed up for recurrence based on pelvic ultrasound exams. Only patients who were followed up for a minimum of two years were selected for this retrospective study...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299234/different-sonographic-faces-of-ectopic-pregnancy
#12
Charu Chanana, Nishant Gupta, Itisha Bansal, Kusum Hooda, Pranav Sharma, Mohit Gupta, Darshan Gandhi, Yogesh Kumar
Vaginal bleeding in the first trimester has wide differential diagnoses, the most common being a normal early intrauterine pregnancy, with other potential causes including spontaneous abortion and ectopic pregnancy. The incidence of ectopic pregnancy is approximately 2% of all reported pregnancies and is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality worldwide. Clinical signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy are often nonspecific. History of pelvic pain with bleeding and positive β-human chorionic gonadotropin should raise the possibility of ectopic pregnancy...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298725/evaluation-of-the-indications-for-performing-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-female-pelvis-at-a-referral-center-for-cancer-according-to-the-american-college-of-radiology-criteria
#13
Camila Silva Boaventura, Daniel Padilha Rodrigues, Olimpio Antonio Cornehl Silva, Fabrício Henrique Beltrani, Rayssa Araruna Bezerra de Melo, Almir Galvão Vieira Bitencourt, Gustavo Gomes Mendes, Rubens Chojniak
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the indications for performing magnetic resonance imaging of the female pelvis at a referral center for cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center study, conducted by reviewing medical records and imaging reports. We included 1060 female patients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis at a cancer center between January 2013 and June 2014. The indications for performing the examination were classified according to the American College of Radiology (ACR) criteria...
January 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294441/accuracy-of-pre-operative-real-time-dynamic-transvaginal-ultrasound-sliding-sign-in-prediction-of-pelvic-adhesions-in-women-with-previous-abdominopelvic-surgery-a-prospective-multicenter-double-blinded-study
#14
Amira Ayachi, Rim Bouchahda, Sadok Derouich, Lassaad Mkaouer, Mehdi Kehila, Hassine Abouda, Badis Channoufi, Maha Bouyahia, Marouen Braham, Fethi Zhioua, Haifa Bouchahda, Mechaal Mourali
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the role of the transvaginal ultrasound sliding sign in predicting pelvic adhesions in women with a previous history of abdominopelvic surgery. METHODS: Multicenter prospective, interventional, double blinded study. Patients were examined before the laparoscopy or laparotomy, in gynaecological position, with transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) probe to assess vesico uterine pouch, uterus, ovaries, pouch of Douglas by analysing the gliding between two structures...
March 13, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292311/sonography-of-the-distal-urethra-in-lambs
#15
Ammar AlLugami, Kerstin von Pückler, Axel Wehrend, Marlene Sickinger
Sonography is a convenient, non-invasive diagnostic modality in small ruminants, often used in reproductive management, internal medicine, and surgery. Pregnancy diagnostics and imaging anatomy and pathology of organs, such as neoplasia, are major applications. Urolithiasis is one of the most common causes of death in male sheep and goats, for which sonography is the diagnostic modality of choice. Although ultrasound-imaging techniques for kidneys, ureters, and urinary bladder in small ruminants have been described previously, this study focuses on reporting the imaging technique of the extra-pelvic portion of the urethra, as nearly all the cases of obstructive urolithiasis result from urinary stones in this part...
March 14, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289660/transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-for-patients-with-rectal-tumors-a-single-institution-s-experience
#16
Audrius Dulskas, Alfredas Kilius, Kestutis Petrulis, Narimantas E Samalavicius
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to look at our complication rates and recurrence rates, as well as the need for further radical surgery, in treating patients with benign and early malignant rectal tumors by using transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM). METHODS: Our study included 130 patients who had undergone TEM for rectal adenomas and early rectal cancer from December 2009 to December 2015 at the Department of Surgical Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Lithuania...
February 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288666/reliability-of-preoperative-evaluation-of-postmenopausal-ovarian-tumors
#17
Riikka Johanna Niemi, Sami Kristian Saarelainen, Tiina Hannele Luukkaala, Johanna Unelma Mäenpää
BACKGROUND: Preoperative evaluation of ovarian tumors is challenging. This study was undertaken to evaluate the performance of conventional two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound and CA125 in predicting malignant or benign nature of pelvic masses, and to investigate if three-dimensional power Doppler (3DPD) ultrasound provides any added value. Ninety-six postmenopausal and four perimenopausal women with supposed ovarian tumors were examined by standardized 2D and 3DPD ultrasounds preoperatively...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285487/load-carriage-related-paresthesias-part-2-meralgia-paresthetica
#18
Joseph J Knapik, Katy Reynolds, Robin Orr, Rodney Pope
This is the second of a two-part series addressing symptoms, evaluation, and treatment of load carriage- related paresthesias. Part 1 addressed rucksack palsy and digitalgia paresthetica; here, meralgia paresthetica (MP) is discussed. MP is a mononeuropathy involving the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN). MP has been reported in load carriage situations where the LFCN was compressed by rucksack hipbelts, pistol belts, parachute harnesses, and body armor. In the US military, the rate of MP is 6.2 cases/10,000 personyears...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285396/pelvic-organ-support-several-years-after-a-first-birth
#19
Caroline W S Ferreira, Ixora K Atan, Andrew Martin, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Female pelvic organ prolapse is highly prevalent and childbirth has been shown to be an important risk factor. The study was carried out to observe if pelvic organ support deteriorates over time following a first birth. METHODS: This is a retrospective review using archived data sets of women seen in the context of two prospective perinatal imaging studies. All subjects had undergone a standardised interview, a clinical examination and 4D translabial ultrasound, 3 months and 2-5 years post-partum...
March 11, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285211/ovarian-serous-cystadenoma-with-ectopic-adrenal-tissue-in-a-65-year-old-patient-a-case-report
#20
Çağdaş Şahin, Enes Taylan, Ali Akdemir, Osman Zekioglu, Parvane Seyidova, Ahmet Mete Ergenoglu
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic adrenal tissue is a very rare entity in adult females, especially in the ovary, and is generally diagnosed incidentally during surgery. Although it can present at various sites during childhood, it becomes atrophic by adulthood due to normally functioning adrenal glands. Patients are predominantly asymptomatic; however, in some cases endocrine symptoms such as hypertension and fasciotruncal obesity due to hormonal activity can be seen or neoplastic transformation can appear...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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