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Pelvic ultrasound

M Somers, C Peleman, K Van Malderen, W Verlinden, S Francque, H De Schepper
BACKGROUND: The treatment of fecal incontinence (FI) depends upon the dominant pathophysiology: impaired sphincter contractility or overflow due to pelvic floor dyssynergia and insufficient rectal emptying. In this study, we aimed to define the manometric and anorectal ultrasound characteristics in FI patients with and without constipation. METHODS: We did a retrospective study of 365 anal manometries, performed between October 2012 and July 2015, in patients with FI...
October 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Edip Ünal, Ruken Yıldırım, Funda Feryal Taş, Vasfiye Demir, Hüseyin Onay, Yusuf Kenan Haspolat
BACKGROUND: Aromatase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder with an unknown incidence. Aromatase converts androgens into estrogen in the gonadal and extra-gonadal tissues. Aromatase deficiency causes ambiguous genitalia in the female fetus and maternal virilization (hirsutism, acne, cliteromegaly, deep voice) during the pregnancy due to increased concentration of androgens. METHODS AND RESULTS: The-nineteen-month-old girl was assessed due to ambiguous genitalia There were findings of maternal virilization during pregnancy...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Joanie Mercier, An Tang, Mélanie Morin, Marie-Claude Lemieux, Samir Khalifé, Barbara Reichetzer, Chantale Dumoulin
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The internal pudendal artery (IPA) is one of the main arteries supplying the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) and vulvo-vaginal tissues. Its assessment with color Doppler ultrasound has been documented previously, but the reliability of IPA measurements has never been assessed. This study evaluates the test-retest reliability of IPA blood flow parameters measured by color Doppler ultrasound under two conditions: at rest and after a PFM contraction task. METHODS: Twenty healthy women participated in this study...
March 19, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Chao Ma, Jing Lu, Guoqiang Chen, Weixing Wang, Fu Su, Xinhui Su
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is an uncommon neoplasm that has been described in various locations throughout the body, but is rarely observed in systemic lymph nodes. We present a case of a 63 years old woman with left inguinal lymphadenopathy accompanied by low-grade fever. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) revealed abnormal higher18 F-FDG uptake on the neck, axillar, pulmonary hilar, mediastinal, mesenteric, retroperitoneal, pelvic and inguinal lymph nodes...
March 20, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
P Collinet, X Fritel, C Revel-Delhom, M Ballester, P A Bolze, B Borghese, N Bornsztein, J Boujenah, N Bourdel, T Brillac, N Chabbert-Buffet, C Chauffour, N Clary, J Cohen, C Decanter, A Denouël, G Dubernard, A Fauconnier, H Fernandez, T Gauthier, F Golfier, C Huchon, G Legendre, J Loriau, E Mathieu-d'Argent, B Merlot, J Niro, P Panel, P Paparel, C A Philip, S Ploteau, C Poncelet, B Rabischong, H Roman, C Rubod, P Santulli, M Sauvan, I Thomassin-Naggara, A Torre, J M Wattier, C Yazbeck, M Canis
First-line investigations to diagnose endometriosis are clinical examination and pelvic ultrasound. Second-line investigations include pelvic examination performed by a referent clinician, transvaginal ultrasound performed by a referent, and pelvic MRI. It is recommended to treat endometriosis when it is symptomatic. First-line hormonal treatments recommended for the management of painful endometriosis are combined hormonal contraceptives or levonorgestrel 52mg IUD. There is no evidence to recommend systematic preoperative hormonal therapy for the unique purpose of preventing the risk of surgical complications or facilitating surgery...
March 14, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
A Fauconnier, B Borghese, C Huchon, I Thomassin-Naggara, C-A Philip, T Gauthier, N Bourdel, A Denouel, A Torre, P Collinet, M Canis, X Fritel
Based on the best evidence available, we have provided guidelines for clinical practice to target the nature of endometriosis as a disease, the consequences of its natural history on management, and the clinical and imaging evaluation of the disease according to the level of care (primary care, specialized or referral). The frequency of endometriosis is unknown in the general population; endometriosis requires management when it causes symptoms (pain, infertility) or when it affect the function of an organ...
March 13, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Antonio De Leo, Margherita Nannini, Giulia Dondi, Donatella Santini, Milena Urbini, Elisa Gruppioni, Pierandrea De Iaco, Anna Myriam Perrone, Maria Abbondanza Pantaleo
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and liver and peritoneum are the main sites of recurrence. Ovarian metastases from GIST are very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50 years-old woman was found to have a pelvic mass on transvaginal ultrasound (TV-US) and computed tomography (CT)-scan, considered as a right ovarian mass. The patient underwent surgical abdominal exploration that showed an ileal mass, a normal right ovary and an irregular and vascularized surface of the left ovary...
March 16, 2018: BMC Cancer
Jeffrey P Wilkinson, Angela M Bengtson, Ennet Chipungu, Rachel J Pope, Bonus Makanani, Margaret Moyo, Mwawi Mwale, Jennifer H Tang
Objective: Obstetric fistula (OF) is a morbid condition caused by prolonged obstructed labor. Women with OF experience profound injury and have high rates of infertility and poor obstetric outcomes. We examined endovaginal ultrasound parameters in women with and without OF. Design/Setting/Sample/Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled women evaluated at the Fistula Care Centre in Lilongwe, Malawi. Eligibility criteria included age 18-45, prior pregnancy, and a uterus on ultrasound...
2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Alessandra Di Giovanni, Lucia Casarella, Marina Coppola, Domenico Iuzzolino, Marianna Rasile, Mario Malzoni
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess sensitivity and accuracy of combined transvaginal/transabdominal ultrasonography for evaluation of deep infiltrating bowel endometriosis nodules measured after surgery. DESIGN: A prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II.1). SETTING: A Center for Advanced Endoscopic Gynecologic Surgery from January 2014 to December 2016. PATIENTS: All women undergoing laparoscopic surgery and scheduled for segmental resection for clinically suspected bowel endometriosis...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Lewis Chan, Vincent Tse
PURPOSE: The mid-urethral synthetic sling (MUS) procedure has become the standard of care for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. However, a small number of patients will have complications following MUS including failure, obstructive voiding, sling erosion, or chronic pain. This paper discusses the role of 2D and 3D ultrasound imaging in the evaluation of the female patient with complications following placement of a synthetic mid-urethral sling. RESULTS: The MUS is easily visualized as an echogenic structure on ultrasound and can be imaged by transperineal, transvaginal and introital approaches...
March 12, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Hans Peter Dietz, Francesco Scoti, Nishamini Subramaniam, Talia Friedman, Ka Lai Shek
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Vaginal childbirth clearly has an effect on pelvic floor anatomy, and pregnancy itself also likely plays a role. This study investigated the effects of consecutive pregnancies by comparing pelvic organ support and function in urogynecological patients delivered by cesarean section (CS) only. METHODS: This was a retrospective study using 161 archived data sets of urogynecological patients delivered exclusively by CS presenting with symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction between 2007 and 2015...
March 12, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
M Bogdanska, A Morris, J M Hutson, Y Heloury, S R Grover
BACKGROUND: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive condition resulting in excess androgen production. Females are typically born with ambiguous genitalia and often undergo feminising genitoplasty in infancy or childhood. Recently, there has been considerable international debate as to whether distressing urinary symptoms in CAH patients are truly present and, if so, whether these urinary problems are a consequence of the feminising genitoplasty. OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess any urinary symptoms in an Australian cohort of adolescent and adult women with CAH who have undergone feminising genitoplasty in infancy, childhood or adolescence as a part of their management...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Adel Sedrati, Amal Drizi, Bruno van Herendael, Dusan Djokovic
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To present and discuss the hysteroscopic aspects of incarcerated omentum through uterine perforation caused by previous dilatation and curettage (D&C) for incomplete first-trimester abortion. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Constantine University Hospital, Constantine, Algeria. PATIENT: A 40-year-old, G3P2 patient, with a history of an incomplete first-trimester spontaneous abortion, treated 6 months before by D&C, requiring medical assistance due to moderate, chronic pelvic pain...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Ana Margarida Monteiro, Olinda Marques, Sofia Martins, Ana Antunes
The authors report a case of a 15-year-old girl with hypopituitarism due to pituitary stalk interruption syndrome diagnosed in the neonatal period. The patient was admitted to the emergency room with impaired consciousness and hypoglycaemia. The day before, she increased her water intake to about 1.5 L to perform a pelvic ultrasound. In the following hours, she developed vomiting and food refusal. Blood analysis revealed hypoglycaemia, hyponatraemia, decreased serum osmolality and normal urinary density. Hyponatraemia and adrenal crisis were managed with a gradual but slow resolution of consciousness and electrolytic balance...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Juan Gómez Rivas, José María Alonso-Dorrego, Diego M Carrión, Mónica Vega Robalino, Pilar González-Peramato
OBJECTIVE: We present the case of a patient incidentally diagnosed with a pelvic mass next to the bladder. After surgical excision, definitive diagnosis was pseudomyxoma peritonei. We provide a concise review of the literature of this pathology. METHODS: A 55 year-old male patient, was found to have, in annual routine ultrasound, a pelvic retrovesical mass. CT guided needle aspirate showed a tumor with myxoid changes and low aggressive cytology. Surgical excision was performed...
March 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Qingqiang Gao, Jianhuai Chen, Yutian Dai
BACKGROUND: In the past 20 years, the incidence of prostate cancer has risen rapidly. It has been ranked as the third most common malignant tumor of the male genitourinary system. Testicular metastasis is uncommon in prostate cancer. Most cases are incidentally found in the treatment of prostate cancer with orchiectomy. Therefore, we believed it was necessary to report the case of our patient with this disease. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 69-year-old Han Chinese man with a high total prostate-specific antigen level...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Min Chen, Weibin Zhou, Zhe Zhang, Yuting Zou, Chengjiang Li
RATIONALE: The incidence of severe hyperandrogenism associated with masculinity in women is very low. While rare and difficult to diagnose, androgen secreting tumors should be suspected in women with hyperandrogenism and hirsutism, especially in the postmenopausal population. Herein we present one case of ovarian Leydig cell tumor (LCT) with markedly elevated serum testosterone levels and frank hirsutism. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 60-year-old woman, presented with increased hair growth and androgenic alopecia and the hormonal laboratory examination showed that she had elevated serum testosterone level and normal dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), androstenedione, 17- hydroxyprogesterone, cortisol and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xiaoduo Wen, Denggui Wen, Hui Zhang, Huifeng Zhang, Yi Yang
Rapid and noninvasive diagnosis on and differentiation between normal, central precocious puberty (CPP), and isolated precocious puberty (IPP) is imperative before a decision can be made with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist treatment. Our study aims to evaluate such a role by pelvic ultrasound.We consecutively enrolled 84 cases of IPP (59 with premature thelarche/ pubarche and 25 with premature menarche), 47 CPP, and 177 age-matched normal controls. The IPP and CPP were diagnosed by clinical examination and GnRH-stimulation test and confirmed by over 2 years' follow-up...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Anita Lwanga, David O Kamson, Tiffany E Wilkins, Vinny Sharma, Jefree J Schulte, James Miller, Ikram Hassan, Ricardo R Lastra
N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis (NMDARe) is one of 13 autoimmune-mediated encephalitides that have been discovered over the last decade. This case report describes the course of a 26-year-old female who presented with new-onset seizures and insomnia, complicated by encephalitis. The initial workup ruled out common causes of encephalitis, while a transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS), and computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis did not identify a mass. Based on the suspicion that she may have autoimmune encephalitis, the patient was treated with intravenous immunoglobulins and plasma exchange, but continued to deteriorate...
January 1, 2018: Neuroradiology Journal
Anna Maria Ierardi, Valeria Savasi, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Mario Petrillo, Sara Sbaraini, Antonio Pinto, Francesco Hanozet, Anna Maria Marconi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Uterine fibroids are the most common benign pelvic tumor of the female genital tract and tend to increase with age; they cause menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, pelvic pressure symptoms, back pain, and subfertility. Currently, the management is based mainly on medical or surgical approaches. The nonsurgical and minimally invasive therapies are emerging approaches that to the state of the art include uterine artery embolization (UAE), image-guided thermal ablation techniques like magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) or radiofrequency ablation (RF), and percutaneous microwave ablation (PMWA)...
2018: BioMed Research International
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