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Pelvic ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733790/is-a-dragging-sensation-a-symptom-of-female-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#1
Hans Peter Dietz, Candice Chatel, Ixora Kamisan Atan
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) commonly presents with a "vaginal lump or bulge" and/or a "dragging sensation." The first symptom correlates strongly with clinical and imaging data. However, a "dragging sensation" may be less specific. Hence, we investigated the predictive value of both symptoms for POP. METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving archived data sets of women seen between November 2013 and May 2014. All underwent a clinical interview, POPQ examination, and 4D translabial ultrasound (TLUS)...
July 21, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733257/analysis-of-fnb-vs-fna-in-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-and-abdominal-masses-a-prospective-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Bin Cheng, Yueming Zhang, Qian Chen, Bo Sun, Zhuang Deng, Hongbo Shan, Lizhou Dou, Jinglin Wang, Yawen Li, Xiujiang Yang, Tianan Jiang, Guoliang Xu, Guiqi Wang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needles with side fenestrations are used to collected aspirates for cytology analysis and biopsy samples for histologic analysis. We conducted a large, multicenter study to compare the accuracy of diagnosis via specimens collected with fine-needle biopsy (FNB) vs fine-needle aspiration (FNA) for patients with pancreatic and non-pancreatic masses. METHODS: We performed a prospective single-blind study at 5 tertiary care centers in China...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727128/transvaginal-six-arm-mesh-opur-in-women-with-apical-pelvic-organ-prolapse-analysis-of-short-term-results-pelvic-floor-ultrasound-evaluation
#3
Tomasz Kluz, Edyta Wlaźlak, Grzegorz Surkont
OBJECTIVES: Analysis of feasibility, efficacy and short-term results after six-arm transvaginal mesh OPUR implantation in women with apical prolapse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The same surgeon operated all of 39 women using mesh OPUR. Preoperatively patients had a standardized interview and clinical examination. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were analyzed. Postoperative evaluation included standardized interview, clinical examination and standardized pelvic floor ultrasound performed with 2D transvaginal probe and 4D abdominal probe...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725596/utility-of-trigger-point-injection-as-an-adjunct-to-physical-therapy-in-men-with-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#4
Nicholas N Tadros, Anup B Shah, Daniel A Shoskes
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is often associated with pelvic floor muscle spasm. While pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) is effective, some men are unable to resolve their symptoms and have residual trigger points (TPs). TP injection has been used for treatment in several neuromuscular pain syndromes. The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy and side effects of TP injection in men with CP/CPPS and pelvic floor spasm refractory to PT...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721179/early-and-late-onset-complications-of-gynaecologic-surgery-a-multimodality-imaging-approach
#5
REVIEW
I De Blasis, V Vinci, M E Sergi, F Capozza, M Saldari, F Moro, M C Moruzzi, A C Testa, L Manganaro
The role of imaging after surgery is pivotal to drive clinical management of early and/or late onset complications. Most frequently used imaging technique after pelvic surgery is Ultrasound (US), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT). While Ultrasound is a standard procedure, using grey scale and/or colour Doppler evaluation, MRI and CT scan protocols should be derived on the basis of the specific indication of the exam. Correct evaluation of female pelvis after gynaecologic surgery, having in mind the most frequent complications, is based on the correct use of the instruments and on the experience of the examiner, who should be aware of the history of the patient, type of surgery and clinical symptoms for which the exam is required; the clinician should be aware of the possibilities and limits of the different techniques, in order to choose the most appropriate imaging modality and promptly make a correct diagnosis...
March 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718733/diagnostic-utility-of-renal-fine-needle-aspirate-cytology-and-ultrasound-in-the-cat
#6
Camille A McAloney, Leslie C Sharkey, Daniel A Feeney, Davis M Seelig
Objectives The primary objective of this study was to retrospectively assess the diagnostic utility of feline renal fine-needle aspiration cytology by assessing diagnostic yield, cytologic characteristics and diagnostic accuracy. The secondary objective was to characterize ultrasonographic features of sampled kidneys to determine if they influenced diagnostic yield. Methods Slides, images and patient data were collected from the University of Minnesota Veterinary Medical Center database. Slides were designated as diagnostic or non-diagnostic...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714492/estimated-fetal-weight-comparison-of-clinical-versus-ultrasound-estimate
#7
A Joshi, O B Panta, B Sharma
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of fetal weight is of paramount importance in the management of labour and delivery. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted over a period of 6 months in a tertiary care teaching hospital. All singleton term mothers with cephalic presentation and intact membranes with ultrasound examination done within a week were included in the study. IUFD, multiple gestation, malpresentation, diagnosed oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios, pelvic and or abdominal masses, and current weight more than 80 Kgs were excluded from the study...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712197/ipsilateral-renal-agenesis-with-megaureter-blind-end-proximal-ureter-and-ureterocele-in-an-adult
#8
Ateeque Ahmed
We reporting unilateral renal agenesis with ipsilateral ureterocoele, mega ureter and blind end proximal ureter in same patient first time as case report and has not been so far reported in local or international literature. Ultrasound, CT scan and intravenous pyelography performed which confirm the case. Patient presented with left lumber and pelvic pain on and off and history of recurrent urinary tract infection.
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712177/analysis-of-two-years-cases-of-ectopic-pregnancy
#9
Ansa Islam, Aneesa Fawad, Azmat Ali Shah, Humaira Jadoon, Iram Sarwar, Aziz-Un-Nisa Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy is the leading cause of pregnancy related deaths in the first trimester. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnostic methods and site of ectopic pregnancy. METHODS: This descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in Gynaecology and Obstetrical Unit-A of Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad from 1st October 2013 to 31st October 2015. All women diagnosed with ectopic pregnancy were included in the study...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694166/title-the-initial-accuracy-and-learning-curve-of-transvaginal-ultrasound-with-bowel-preparation-for-deep-endometriosis-in-a-united-states-tertiary-care-center
#10
Scott W Young, Nirvikar Dahiya, Maitray D Patel, Mauricio S Abrao, Javier F Magrina, M'hamed Temkit, Rosanne M Kho
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and learning curve of a sonographic mapping protocol for deep endometriosis (DE). DESIGN: Patients with pelvic pain at our institution underwent transvaginal ultrasound with bowel-preparation (TVUS-BP) performed by a single radiologist. Findings suspicious for DE were reported and correlated to surgical and histopathologic findings. The exam duration and number of cases required to achieve proficiency were calculated for positive, equivocal and negative findings...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690492/interval-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-rectum
#11
Daryl Ramai, Kinesh Changela, Jonathan Lai, Ghulamullah Shahzad, Madhavi Reddy
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the rectum is a rare clinical entity with an incidence rate of 0.1-0.25% per 1,000 cases. Though its etiology and pathogenesis remains unclear, it has been associated with chronic inflammation and infections. Herein, we report a case of an 82-year-old female who presented with a 2-month history of worsening abdominal pain, hematochezia, and bilateral inguinal lymphadenopathy with right-sided purulent discharge. Two years prior, she had had an unremarkable screening colonoscopy which met all quality indicators...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689938/gonadal-vein-transposition-in-nutcracker-syndrome
#12
Roy Miler, Eric K Shang, Woosup Michael Park
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: Nutcracker syndrome, caused by mesoaortic compression of the left renal vein leading to symptoms related to venous hypertension, is an uncommon entity that may require operative intervention. Traditional open transposition of the left renal vein to the vena cava has been shown to have a re-intervention rate of up to 30%, while also having additional morbidity associated with laparotomy. More recently, endovascular stenting has been described in several small series, but have reported stent fracture, thrombosis and migration...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677001/incidental-findings-on-multiparametric-mri-performed-for-evaluation-of-prostate-cancer
#13
Rachael L Sherrer, Win Shun Lai, John V Thomas, Jeffrey W Nix, Soroush Rais-Bahrami
PURPOSE: Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) and MRI/Ultrasound (US) fusion-guided biopsy are relatively new techniques for improved detection, staging, and active surveillance of prostate cancer (PCa). As with all imaging modalities, MRI reveals incidental findings (IFs) which carry the risk of increased cost, patient anxiety, and iatrogenic morbidity due to workup of IFs. Herein, we report the IFs from 684 MRIs for evaluation of PCa and consider their characteristics and clinical significance...
July 4, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674949/dynamic-translabial-ultrasound-versus-echodefecography-combined-with-the-endovaginal-approach-to-assess-pelvic-floor-dysfunctions-how-effective-are-these-techniques
#14
S M Murad-Regadas, S A Karbage, L S Bezerra, F S P Regadas, A da Silva Vilarinho, L B Borges, F S P Regadas Filho, L B Veras
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of dynamic translabial ultrasound (TLUS) in the assessment of pelvic floor dysfunction and compare the results with echodefecography (EDF) combined with the endovaginal approach. METHODS: Consecutive female patients with pelvic floor dysfunction were eligible. Each patient was assessed with EDF combined with the endovaginal approach and TLUS. The diagnostic accuracy of the TLUS was evaluated using the results of EDF as the standard for comparison...
July 3, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673205/nerve-growth-factor-is-associated-with-sexual-pain-in-women-with-endometriosis
#15
Bo Peng, Hong Zhan, Fahad Alotaibi, Ghadeer M Alkusayer, Mohamed A Bedaiwy, Paul J Yong
Endometriosis is present in 1 in 10 reproductive-age women, and half experience deep dyspareunia (pelvic pain with sexual intercourse). Our objective was to investigate nerve growth factor (NGF) and its receptors (TrkA/p75NTR) in endometriosis-associated deep dyspareunia. A total of 32 women with endometriosis in the posterior pelvic compartment (cul-de-sac/uterosacrals) were included, either with (n = 17) or without (n = 15) deep dyspareunia symptoms confirmed by endovaginal ultrasound-assisted palpation on examination...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669787/the-role-of-combined-transperineal-tp-and-transabdominal-ta-ultrasonography-in-detection-of-vaginal-foreign-bodies-in-girls-a-retrospective-study
#16
Xiuzhen Yang, Liying Sun, Jingjing Ye
PURPOSE: This study investigated the sonographic features of vaginal foreign bodies in girls and the diagnostic role of combined transperineal and transabdominal ultrasonography in the detection of vaginal foreign bodies in this population. METHODS: A retrospective review of the records of 249 girls seen in the outpatient pediatric and adolescent gynaecology clinic of our hospital and referred to our department for sonographic evaluation of suspected vaginal foreign bodies between 2013 and 2016 was performed...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668416/complex-us-adnexal-masses-during-pregnancy-is-pelvic-mr-imaging-accurate-for-characterization
#17
Isabelle Thomassin-Naggara, Benjamin Fedida, Elisabeth Sadowski, Marie-Claude Chevrier, Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Marcos Ballester, Sebastian Tavolaro, Emile Darai
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate the accuracy of pelvic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for the characterization of complex sonographic adnexal masses discovered in women during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: The study population comprised 31 pregnant women (median age: 32 years (range: 19-42); mean gestation age of 16 weeks) referred to our institution for MR imaging for characterization of an adnexal mass discovered incidentally during routine ultrasound (US) for other indications...
August 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664535/characterising-levator-ani-muscle-stiffness-pre-and-post-childbirth-in-european-and-polynesian-women-in-new-zealand-a-pilot-study
#18
Jennifer A Kruger, Stephanie C Budgett, Vivien Wong, Poul M F Nielsen, Martyn P Nash, Jackie Smalldridge, Lynsey M Hayward, Tania Yu Tian, Andrew J Taberner
INTRODUCTION: The influence of levator-ani muscles on second stage labour is poorly understood. The ability of these muscles to stretch without damage may affect birth outcomes, but little is known about material properties, effects of pregnancy and/or ethnicity on levator-ani stiffness. There are strong associations between muscle damage and subsequent pelvic floor disorders. This study aimed to quantify levator-ani muscle stiffness during the third trimester of pregnancy and postpartum in European and Polynesian women...
June 30, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664485/-per-vaginam-topical-use-of-hormonal-drugs-in-women-with-symptomatic-deep-endometriosis-a-narrative-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Laura Buggio, Caterina Lazzari, Ermelinda Monti, Giussy Barbara, Nicola Berlanda, Paolo Vercellini
PURPOSE: We aim to provide a comprehensive overview of the role of the vagina as a route for drug delivery and absorption, with a particular focus on the use of vaginal hormonal compounds for the treatment of deep infiltrating symptomatic endometriosis. METHODS: A MEDLINE search through PubMed was performed to identify all published studies in English language on vaginal hormonal treatments for symptomatic endometriosis. RESULTS: Main advantages of the vaginal route include avoidance of the hepatic-first pass metabolic effect, the possibility of using lower therapeutic dosages, and the reduction of side effects compared with the oral administration...
June 29, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656317/-imaging-representation-of-peripheral-veins
#20
REVIEW
B Voigts, N Abolmaali, C Stelzner, S M Schellong
Several techniques are available for imaging of the venous system of the legs and pelvic region. In cases of suspected deep leg vein thrombosis B‑mode compression ultrasound is applied. Its accuracy is sufficient to either confirm or exclude the diagnosis with certainty. For examination of the iliac veins, however, flow information has to be added by pulsed wave (PW) Doppler or color Doppler sonography. In cases of suspected arm vein thrombosis, ultrasound is also the method of choice. The more proximal or the central parts of the venous system, i...
June 27, 2017: Der Internist
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