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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331602/a-cross-continental-analysis-of-weight-gain-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-medication-use-during-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-the-international-study-on-physical-illness-in-mentally-ill
#1
Christina Engelke, Christian Lange-Asschenfeldt, Stephanie Peter, Kai G Kahl, Karel Frasch, Jens I Larsen, Graziella G Bickel, Bernhard Bork, Bent A Jacobsen, Signe O Wallenstein-Jensen, Christoph Lauber, Birthe Mogensen, Jørgen A Nielsen, Wulf Rössler, Kenji J Tsuchiya, Kristian L Toftegaard, Ulla A Andersen, Richard Uwakwe, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Joachim Cordes
Weight gain among psychiatric inpatients is a widespread phenomenon. This change in body mass index (BMI) can be caused by several factors. Based on recent research, we assume the following factors are related to weight gain during psychiatric inpatient treatment: psychiatric medication, psychiatric diagnosis, sex, age, weight on admission and geographic region of treatment. 876 of originally recruited 2328 patients met the criteria for our analysis. Patients were recruited and examined in mental health care centres in Nigeria (N = 265), Japan (N = 145) and Western-Europe (Denmark, Germany and Switzerland; N = 466)...
December 22, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#2
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319442/clinical-signs-treatment-and-prognostic-factors-for-dogs-with-histoplasmosis
#3
Allison G Wilson, Kate S KuKanich, Andrew S Hanzlicek, Mark E Payton
OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical manifestations of histoplasmosis in a large sample of dogs, compare outcomes achieved with fluconazole versus itraconazole, and identify variables available at the time of diagnosis with prognostic value. DESIGN Retrospective case series with nested cohort study. ANIMALS 79 dogs with confirmed histoplasmosis evaluated at 2 veterinary teaching hospitals from 1999 through 2015. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed and data extracted regarding clinical signs at evaluation, physical examination findings, clinical laboratory values, other diagnostic test results, treatments, and outcomes...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319439/successful-management-of-minoxidil-toxicosis-in-a-dog
#4
Tyler J M Jordan, Page E Yaxley, Christine A Culler, Anusha Balakrishnan
CASE DESCRIPTION A 2-year-old sexually intact female mixed-breed dog was evaluated at an emergency hospital approximately 5 hours after ingestion of an unknown amount of over-the-counter topical hair growth promoter containing 5% minoxidil foam. Vomiting and signs of lethargy were reported by the owner, and physical examination revealed tachycardia and hypotension. No treatments were performed, and the dog was transferred to a veterinary referral hospital for management of suspected minoxidil toxicosis. CLINICAL FINDINGS On arrival at the referral hospital, the dog was tachycardic (heart rate, 200 to 220 beats/min) and hypotensive (systolic arterial blood pressure, 70 mm Hg)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311441/yellow-tongue-coating-is-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-among-japanese-non-smoking-men-and-women-the-toon-health-study
#5
Kiyohide Tomooka, Isao Saito, Shinya Furukawa, Koutatsu Maruyama, Eri Eguchi, Hiroyasu Iso, Takeshi Tanigawa
BACKGROUND: Yellow tongue coating is one of the clinical signs for diabetes mellitus according to traditional East Asian medicine. Few reports have been available on the association between yellow tongue coating and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the general population. We examined that association among population samples of non-smoking men and women. METHODS: The study subjects were Japanese non-smoking men (n = 315) and women (n = 654) aged 30-79 years who resided in Toon city and participated in the Toon Health Study from July 2011 through November 2014...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310725/increased-number-of-eosinophils-in-ascites-is-associated-with-intestinal-anisakidosis
#6
K Okumura, T Kubota, A K Lefor, A Saito, K Mizokami
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between eosinophils in ascites and the diagnosis of intestinal anisakidosis in patients with peritoneal signs on physical examination. We reviewed retrospectively 16 patients diagnosed with intestinal anisakidosis, evaluated between 2012 and 2015. All patients had ingested raw anchovies. The analysis of ascites fluid in ten of these patients was compared with that of 15 patients with ascites and other abdominal pathology (except liver cirrhosis). All patients had an increased number of white blood cells in the ascites fluid...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310353/complex-pelvic-ring-injuries-associated-with-floating-knee-in-a-poly-trauma-patient-a-case-report
#7
Yuebin Zhou, Honggang Guo, Zhiwei Cai, Yuan Zhang
RATIONALE: Complex pelvic ring fracture associated with floating knee is comparatively rare which usually results from high-energy trauma including vehicle-related accidence, falls from height, and earthquake-related injury. To our knowledge, few literatures have documented such injuries in the individual patient. Management of both injuries present challenges for surgical management and postoperative care. The purpose of this study is to prove the feasibility and benefits of damage control orthopedics (DCO)...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305361/blue-toe-syndrome-as-a-first-sign-of-systemic-sclerosis
#8
Rugina Neuman, Marike Wabbijn, Samara Guillen, Adriaan Dees
We describe an unusual case of blue toe syndrome as the primary and solitary manifestation of systemic sclerosis. The possible cause was long-term occupational exposure in construction work. Blue toe syndrome is a small vessel disease, characterised by the sudden development of painful, blue discolouration in one or more toes. The most common aetiology is atheroembolic disease; however, it can also appear in several conditions ranging from hypercoagulability disorders to underlying systemic diseases such as vasculitis or autoimmune diseases...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303099/-cancer-detection-following-unprovoked-vte-case-history-and-physical-examination-are-still-of-foremost-importance
#9
G J Geersing
The relation between cancer and thrombosis is well known. In fact, the presence of an occult malignancy in patients with unprovoked venous thromboembolism (VTE) is named after a famous 19th century French physician; it is called Trousseau's sign. In this commentary, I elaborate upon findings from a recent individual patient data meta-analysis on Trousseau's sign. This study demonstrated that extensive screening to unmask an occult malignancy in unprovoked VTE is no better than 'simple' history taking and physical examination, alongside age-specific and gender-specific national cancer screening e...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302261/how-to-approach-feeding-difficulties-in-young-children
#10
REVIEW
Hye Ran Yang
Feeding is an interaction between a child and caregiver, and feeding difficulty is an umbrella term encompassing all feeding problems, regardless of etiology, severity, or consequences, while feeding disorder refers to an inability or refusal to eat sufficient quantities or variety of food to maintain adequate nutritional status, leading to substantial consequences, including malnutrition, impaired growth, and possible neurocognitive dysfunction. There are 6 representative feeding disorder subtypes in young children: infantile anorexia, sensory food aversion, reciprocity, posttraumatic type, state regulation, and feeding disorders associated with concurrent medical conditions...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301692/using-thermography-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-omphalitis-on-newborn-calves
#11
C L Shecaira, C H Seino, J A Bombardelli, G A Reis, E J Fusada, M R Azedo, F J Benesi
The objective was to verify if thermography is able to detect inflammatory signs on the skin surface by comparing the umbilical region of healthy calves and calves presenting omphalitis. Twenty healthy calves (control group) had their lateral umbilical region and abdominal region examined with a thermal imaging camera in order to obtain a regional thermograph. The thermographic examination was then performed on 27 calves (Omphalitis group) presenting omphalitis diagnosed by physical examination. The maximum temperature of the lateral umbilical region in calves (aged < 30 days) was 35...
January 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297937/anxiety-symptoms-predicted-decline-in-episodic-memory-in-cognitively-healthy-older-adults-a-3-year-prospective-study
#12
Ada Wai Tung Fung, Joyce Sau Wa Lee, Allen Ting Chun Lee, Linda Chiu Wa Lam
OBJECTIVE: Prospective studies on late-life anxiety disorders suggested that history of anxiety symptoms may be predictive of cognitive decline in old age. However, the relationship between anxiety and cognitive decline is still inconclusive due to heterogeneity in sample and methodology. This study was to explore how baseline anxiety symptoms associated with the change of memory in older people without cognitive impairment over a 3-year period. METHODS: This was a 3-year prospective study on 91 cognitively normal older adults with anxiety symptoms...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295565/prevalence-of-idiopathic-cyclic-edema-in-women-with-lower-limb-lymphedema
#13
Jose Maria Pereira de Godoy, Henrique Jose Pereira de Godoy, Lívia Maria Pereira de Godoy, Maria de Fatima Guerreiro Godoy
Cyclic edema is a clinical condition in women that leads to fluid retention in the orthostatic position. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of idiopathic cyclic edema in women with lower limb lymphedema. The prevalence of idiopathic cyclic edema was evaluated in a retrospective study of 100 consecutive female patients submitted to leg lymphedema treatment at the Clínica Godoy. The diagnosis of lymphedema was clinical, based on patient history and a physical examination. Patients with clinical stage II lymphedema were included in the study with those in stages I and III being excluded...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291497/a-descriptive-study-of-accidental-skeletal-injuries-and-non-accidental-skeletal-injuries-of-child-maltreatment
#14
Maha A H Ghanem, Tarek A Moustafa, Haidy M Megahed, Naglaa Salama, Sara A Ghitani
BACKGROUND: Lack of awareness and recognition of child maltreatment is the major reason behind underreporting. All victims often interact with the health care system for routine or emergency care. In several research works, non-accidental fractures are the second most common injury in maltreated children and it is represented up to one-third of cases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the incidence of different types of accidental and non-accidental skeletal injuries among children, estimate the severity of injuries according to the modified injury severity score and to determine the degree of fractures either closed or opened (Gustiloe-Anderson open fracture classification)...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287187/evaluation-of-oral-sugar-test-response-for-detection-of-equine-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-crioulo-horses
#15
C Cantarelli, S L Dau, S Stefanello, M S Azevedo, G R De Bastiani, H E Palma, K E Brass, F D De La Côrte
Owing to the high prevalence of obesity in Crioulo horses, information allowing early diagnosis of equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) and prevention of the associated laminitis is of great value. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of EMS and the response to an oral sugar test (OST) in obese Crioulo horses. Twenty-two Crioulo horses were allocated into 3 groups according to their body condition score (BCS out of 9) and presence or absence of laminitis as follows: CON (6/22), BCS < 7; OB (8/22), BCS ≥ 7; and LAM (8/22), BCS ≥7 with clinical and/or radiographic signs of laminitis...
October 31, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283142/bilateral-idiopathic-spontaneous-filtering-bleb-with-ectopia-lentis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Premanand Chandran, Anjali S Khairnar, Nabeed Aboobacker, Ganesh V Raman
A 26-year-old male presented with superior filtering bleb with scleral thinning, dislocated lens, and hypotony in both the eyes. His cornea was normal without any sign of ectasia, and there was no history of recurrent redness, trauma, or surgery in either eye. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography did not reveal communicating fistula between the anterior chamber and subconjunctival space. Physical examination and blood investigations did not reveal any systemic association. He was diagnosed to have spontaneous filtering bleb, which is a rare condition observed with ocular or systemic abnormalities...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279558/consecutive-bilateral-hip-arthroscopy-for-symptomatic-bilateral-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-an-elite-rugby-player-a-case-report
#17
Nobuaki Chinzei, Shingo Hashimoto, Shinya Hayashi, Noriyuki Kanzaki, Daisuke Araki, Ryosuke Kuroda, Masahiro Kurosaka
We report a case of concurrent bilateral hip arthroscopy for symptomatic bilateral femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) performed under the single anesthesia on an elite rugby player. A 27-year-old rugby player who played for a top league had bilateral hip joint pain. Physical examination revealed bilateral tenderness in the anterior area of the hips, with positive impingement signs. Based on the findings of hip radiography and magnetic resonance imaging, the patient's symptoms were diagnosed as bilateral FAI with hip labral tears...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260014/regional-glucose-hypometabolic-spread-within-the-primary-motor-cortex-is-associated-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-disease-progression-a-fluoro-deoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-study
#18
Hironobu Endo, Kenji Sekiguchi, Takehiro Ueda, Hisatomo Kowa, Fumio Kanda, Tatsushi Toda
Objective: Here we investigate the process of neurodegeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The relationship between the cortical field spreading of glucose metabolic decreases in the primary motor cortex (PMC) and the progression of corresponding extremity dysfunction was evaluated using [18F] fluoro-deoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET). Methods: Patients with ALS underwent [18F] FDG-PET and the resulting datasets were individually contrasted against healthy controls using the NEUROSTAT software...
March 2017: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248384/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-telmisartan-amlodipine-hydrochlorothiazide-versus-telmisartan-amlodipine-combination-therapy-for-essential-hypertension-uncontrolled-with-telmisartan-amlodipine-the-phase-iii-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-tahyti-study
#19
Ki-Chul Sung, Yong-Seog Oh, Dong-Hun Cha, Soon-Jun Hong, Kyung-Heon Won, Ki-Dong Yoo, Seung-Woon Rha, Young-Keun Ahn, Jeong-Cheon Ahn, Ji-Yong Jang, Tack-Jong Hong, Sang-Kyoon Cho, Sang-Ho Park, Min-Su Hyon, Chang-Wook Nam, In-Ho Chae, Byung-Su Yoo, Jong-Min Song, Jin-Ok Jeong, Young Won Yoon, Byung-Soo Kim, Tae-Hyun Yang, Deok-Kyu Cho, Sang-Hyun Kim, Yu-Jeong Choi, Ji-Hun Ahn, Dong-Woon Jeon, Hyo-Soo Kim
PURPOSE: This 8-week study in Korea aimed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a telmisartan/amlodipine + hydrochlorothiazide (TAH) combination versus telmisartan/amlodipine (TA) combination in patients with essential hypertension that did not respond appropriately to 4-week treatment with TA. METHODS: All patients who met the inclusion criteria received TA (40/5 mg) during a 4-week run-in period (period 1). Patients who met the criteria for essential hypertension (mean sitting systolic blood pressure [MSSBP], ≥140 and <200 mm Hg, or ≥130 and<200 mm Hg in those with diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease) after period 1 were randomly assigned to receive TA 40/5 mg + hydrochlorothiazide 12...
December 13, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246778/computed-tomography-whirl-sign-an-image-based-indication-for-surgery
#20
C Hobeika, I Anzoua Kouakou, C Eveno
Adhesive closed-loop small bowel obstruction can lead to volvulus and ischemia with risk of necrosis. The vital prognosis and bowel viability are highly dependent on rapid management. The physical examination is often insufficient to establish the diagnosis and computed tomography is ordered. The whirl sign provides the best imaging evidence of volvulus and can be sufficient to establish the indication for surgery.
December 12, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
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