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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726645/chronic-myeloid-leukemia-expected-relapse-s-clinical-laboratory-indexes
#1
T Kirtava, D Ghirdaladze, T Vatsadze
Today Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) relapse's final assessment and monitoring in the whole world is implemented by BCR-ABL gene quantitative detection - during the polymerase chain reaction (by PSR means). Implementation of this monitoring materially and technically is not often available and remission during years is being assessed using monthly clinical-laboratory data. Proceeding from this, the goal of our work was to find the clinical-laboratory features, indicating the expected relapse and require the urgent molecular research carry out...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725653/calr-positive-myeloproliferative-disorder-in-a-patient-with-ph-positive-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-durable-treatment-free-remission-a-case-report
#2
Irene Dogliotti, Carmen Fava, Anna Serra, Enrico Gottardi, Filomena Daraio, Francesca Carnuccio, Emilia Giugliano, Monica Bocchia, Giuseppe Saglio, Giovanna Rege-Cambrin
Current diagnostic criteria for Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasia (MPN) have been redefined by the discovery of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), myeloproliferative leukemia (MPL) and calreticulin (CALR) genetic alterations. Only few cases of coexistence of CALR-mutated MPN and Philadelphia-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) have been described so far. Here we report the case of a patient with CML diagnosed in 2001, treated with imatinib and pegylated interferon (IFN) frontline. She reached complete molecular remission (CMR) and discontinued imatinib, maintaining treatment free remission...
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712557/age-modulates-the-relationship-between-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-coronary-artery-disease
#3
Issada Trakarnwijitr, Bobby Li, Heath Adams, Jamie Layland, John Garlick, Andrew Wilson
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytosis and inflammation are vital elements in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is a novel biomarker that combines these parameters and has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study aimed to determine whether PLR correlates with coronary artery disease (CAD) in high-risk patients, and if the relationship is affected by age. METHODS: Consecutive patients referred for coronary angiogram were evaluated (n=822)...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699668/poems-syndrome-2017-update-on-diagnosis-risk-stratification-and-management
#4
Angela Dispenzieri
DISEASE OVERVIEW: POEMS syndrome is a paraneoplastic syndrome due to an underlying plasma cell neoplasm. The major criteria for the syndrome are polyradiculoneuropathy, clonal plasma cell disorder (PCD), sclerotic bone lesions, elevated vascular endothelial growth factor, and the presence of Castleman disease. Minor features include organomegaly, endocrinopathy, characteristic skin changes, papilledema, extravascular volume overload, and thrombocytosis. Diagnoses are often delayed because the syndrome is rare and can be mistaken for other neurologic disorders, most commonly chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy...
August 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694147/predictive-and-prognostic-value-of-preoperative-thrombocytosis-in-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#5
Beat Foerster, Marco Moschini, Mohammad Abufaraj, Francesco Soria, Kilian M Gust, Morgan Rouprêt, Pierre I Karakiewicz, Alberto Briganti, Michael Rink, Luis Kluth, Romain Mathieu, Vitaly Margulis, Yair Lotan, Atiqullah Aziz, Hubert John, Shahrokh F Shariat
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive and prognostic role of preoperative thrombocytosis (TC) in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) in a large multi-institutional cohort of patients. METHODS: Records of 2492 patients undergoing RNU for non-metastatic UTUC between 1990 and 2008 were retrospectively analyzed. Preoperative TC was defined as a platelet count > 400 × 10(9)/L, irrespective of gender type...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688466/leukemic-transformation-in-myeloproliferative-neoplasms-a-literature-review-on-risk-characteristics-and-outcome
#6
REVIEW
Meera Yogarajah, Ayalew Tefferi
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) operationally include essential thrombocythemia, polycythemia vera, primary myelofibrosis (PMF), and prefibrotic PMF. All 4 MPN variants might progress into blast-phase disease (MPN-BP). For essential thrombocythemia, reported risk factors for leukemic transformation include advanced age, extreme thrombocytosis, anemia, leukocytosis, and sequence variants/mutations involving TP53 and EZH2 (for expansion of gene symbols, see www.genenames.org); for polycythemia vera, advanced age, leukocytosis, abnormal karyotype, mutations involving SRSF2 and IDH2, and treatment with pipobroman, chlorambucil, or P32; and for PMF, increased blast percentage, thrombocytopenia, abnormal karyotype, triple-negative driver mutational status, and sequence variants/mutations involving SRSF2, RUNX1, CEBPA, and SH2B3...
July 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681242/the-potential-role-of-platelets-in-the-consensus-molecular-subtypes-of-colorectal-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Michael Lam, Jason Roszik, Preeti Kanikarla-Marie, Jennifer S Davis, Jeffrey Morris, Scott Kopetz, David G Menter
The consensus molecular subtypes (CMS) in colorectal cancer (CRC) represent distinct molecular subcategories of disease as reflected by comprehensive molecular profiling. The four CMS subtypes represent unique biology. CMS1 represents high immune infiltration. CMS2 demonstrates upregulation of canonical pathways such as WNT signaling. Widespread metabolic changes are seen in CMS3. CMS4 represents a mesenchymal phenotype with hallmark features including complement activation, matrix remodeling, angiogenesis, epithelial-mesechymal transition (EMT), integrin upregulation and stromal infiltration...
July 6, 2017: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681240/platelets-and-cancer-angiogenesis-nexus
#8
Marek Z Wojtukiewicz, Ewa Sierko, Dominika Hempel, Stephanie C Tucker, Kenneth V Honn
There has been remarkable insight into the importance of platelets in a wide range of pathophysiologic events, including inflammation and cancer progression. Thrombocytosis in cancer patients is a common finding. Tumor cells induce platelet activation and subsequent aggregation through direct and indirect mechanisms. Platelets are recognized to contribute to metastatic dissemination. There is plenty of evidence that components of the hemostatic system contribute to the process of angiogenesis. Furthermore, there are accumulated data on the substantial influence of blood platelets in the process of blood vessel formation during malignancy...
July 5, 2017: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680586/pulmonary-extra-medullary-hematopoiesis-and-pulmonary-hypertension-from-underlying-polycythemia-vera-a-case-series
#9
Inderjit Singh, Geoffrey Mikita, Daniel Green, Cristobal Risquez, Abraham Sanders
Myeloproliferative neoplasia (MPN)-associated pulmonary hypertension (PH) is included in group five of the most recent clinical classification of PH.(1) The MPNs are a heterogeneous group of disorders that includes disorders with primary expression of a myeloid phenotype and disorders characterized by expression of the Janus Kinase 2 (JAK2) mutation, p.V617F. The latter includes essential thrombocytosis, polycythemia vera, and idiopathic myelofibrosis.(2) Pulmonary extra-medullary hematopoiesis (EMH) refers to the presence of hematopoietic precursor cells in the lung...
March 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677819/acute-myeloid-leukemia-with-mutated-npm1-demonstrating-multilineage-dysplasia-and-marked-thrombocytosis
#10
Yan Chen, Maryam Pourabdollah, Hong Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672770/performance-of-automated-digital-cell-imaging-analyzer-sysmex-di-60
#11
Hyeong Nyeon Kim, Mina Hur, Hanah Kim, Seung Wan Kim, Hee-Won Moon, Yeo-Min Yun
BACKGROUND: The Sysmex DI-60 system (DI-60, Sysmex, Kobe, Japan) is a new automated digital cell imaging analyzer. We explored the performance of DI-60 in comparison with Sysmex XN analyzer (XN, Sysmex) and manual count. METHODS: In a total of 276 samples (176 abnormal and 100 normal samples), white blood cell (WBC) differentials, red blood cell (RBC) classification and platelet (PLT) estimation by DI-60 were compared with the results by XN and/or manual count. RBC morphology between pre-classification and verification was compared according to the ICSH grading criteria...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669167/the-prognostic-value-of-pre-treatment-leukocytosis-in-patients-with-previously-treated-stage-iiib-iv-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-treated-with-the-igf-1r-pathway-modulator-axl1717-or-docetaxel-a-retrospective-analysis-of-a-phase-ii-trial
#12
Georg Holgersson, Michael Bergqvist, Jonas Nilsson, Marcus Thureson, Johan Harmenberg, Stefan Bergstrom
Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate any prognostic value of pre-treatment anemia, leukocytosis and thrombocytosis in patients with advanced pretreated NSCLC. Methods: A randomized, multicenter phase II study comparing the IGF-1R modulator AXL with standard docetaxel in the treatment of previously treated stage IIIB or IV NSCLC patients was conducted in 2011-2013. Clinical and laboratory data were collected, including serum values for hemoglobin (Hgb), white blood cells (WBC) and platelets (Plt) at baseline...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668174/paraneoplastic-thrombocytosis-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-and-increased-rate-of-lymph-node-metastasis-in-oesophageal-adenocarcinoma
#13
Agoston T Agoston, Amitabh Srivastava, Yifan Zheng, Raphael Bueno, Robert D Odze, Zoltan Szallasi
Paraneoplastic thrombocytosis has been associated with adverse outcomes in several cancers, but has not been described in oesophageal adenocarcinoma. The aim of our study was to examine the prognostic value of platelet counts in patients with oesophageal adenocarcinoma. A cohort of 584 patients who underwent oesophagectomy for oesophageal adenocarcinoma was identified. Platelet counts, history of neoadjuvant chemoradiation, and clinicopathological factors such as T and N stage, and overall survival were recorded...
June 28, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653342/thrombocytosis-related-glomerulopathy-in-a-patient-with-hyposplenia
#14
Masaki Shimizu, Maiko Takakura, Natsumi Inoue, Kazuhide Ohta, Akihiro Yachie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652947/ertapenem-induced-thrombocytosis
#15
Ramon A Docobo, Sumera Bukhari, Zulfiqar Qutrio Baloch
Ertapenem is a β-lactam antibiotic that has a broad spectrum of anti-microbial coverage. Hematological adverse events like thrombocytosis, neutropenia, and neutropenia are infrequent. Here we report a rare case of drug-induced thrombocytosis in a 68-year-old female, who was treated with ertapenem for the diagnosis of complicated abdominal infection. This case emphasizes that any patient with thrombocytosis should be assessed with a careful and detailed history with consideration for possible drug side effects...
May 19, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643732/thrombocytosis-in-gynecological-cancers
#16
REVIEW
Deepti Sharma, Garima Singh
Thrombocytosis has been suggested to be a poor prognostic indicator in malignancies. Studies have shown that thrombocytosis is associated with a poor prognosis in various gynecological malignancies such as carcinoma ovary, cervical cancer, and endometrial cancer. The aim of this study is to analyze the impact of thrombocytosis on the prognosis of gynecological cancer. All the relevant data were retrieved by PubMed, MEDLINE, and Web of Science, and then studies were chosen in this analysis of association between thrombocytosis and gynecological malignancy...
April 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637465/early-pulmonary-response-is-critical-for-extra-pulmonary-carbon-nanoparticle-mediated-effects-comparison-of-inhalation-versus-intra-arterial-infusion-exposures-in-mice
#17
Koustav Ganguly, Dariusch Ettehadieh, Swapna Upadhyay, Shinji Takenaka, Thure Adler, Erwin Karg, Fritz Krombach, Wolfgang G Kreyling, Holger Schulz, Otmar Schmid, Tobias Stoeger
BACKGROUND: The death toll associated with inhaled ambient particulate matter (PM) is attributed mainly to cardio-vascular rather than pulmonary effects. However, it is unclear whether the key event for cardiovascular impairment is particle translocation from lung to circulation (direct effect) or indirect effects due to pulmonary particle-cell interactions. In this work, we addressed this issue by exposing healthy mice via inhalation and intra-arterial infusion (IAI) to carbon nanoparticles (CNP) as surrogate for soot, a major constituent of (ultrafine) urban PM...
June 20, 2017: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615358/it-s-reticulated-diabetes-atherosclerosis-and-reticulated-platelets
#18
Kathryn Dupnik
New research describes regulatory pathways for reticulated thrombocytosis in a mouse model of diabetes.
June 14, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607467/changes-in-novel-haematological-parameters-following-thermal-injury-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#19
R J Dinsdale, A Devi, P Hampson, C M Wearn, A L Bamford, J Hazeldine, J Bishop, S Ahmed, C Watson, J M Lord, N Moiemen, P Harrison
The mortality caused by sepsis is high following thermal injury. Diagnosis is difficult due to the ongoing systemic inflammatory response. Previous studies suggest that cellular parameters may show promise as diagnostic markers of sepsis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of thermal injury on novel haematological parameters and to study their association with clinical outcomes. Haematological analysis was performed using a Sysmex XN-1000 analyser on blood samples acquired on the day of the thermal injury to 12 months post-injury in 39 patients (15-95% TBSA)...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604454/the-significance-of-pretreatment-thrombocytosis-and-its-association-with-neutrophilia-in-patients-with-surgically-treated-endometrial-cancer
#20
Ryoko Takahashi, Seiji Mabuchi, Hiromasa Kuroda, Katsumi Kozasa, Eriko Yokoi, Yuri Matsumoto, Tadashi Kimura
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of a pretreatment thrombocytosis and its association with neutrophilia in patients with surgically treated endometrial cancer. METHODS: The baseline characteristics and outcome data of 508 patients with surgically treated endometrial cancer between January 2000 and December 2010 were collected and retrospectively reviewed. The patients were separated into 4 groups according to their platelet counts and the neutrophil counts, and the progression-free and overall survival rates of the 4 groups were compared...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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