keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gait disorders

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524130/-creation-of-extracranial-intracranial-microvascular-anastomosis-under-regional-anesthesia-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
D Yu Usachev, V A Lukshin, A V Shmigel'skiy, A D Akhmedov, A D Sosnin, K A Kozlova
The article describes a case of successful surgical treatment of an 81-year-old male patient with symptomatic occlusion of the internal carotid artery that led to severe impairment of cerebral hemodynamics and was accompanied by severe gait and equilibrium disorders. Given the patient's age and his positive medical history, he underwent surgery for the creation of an extracranial-intracranial microvascular anastomosis under regional anesthesia, with spontaneous breathing and a baseline level of consciousness being maintained...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508977/thrombotic-microangiopathy-caused-by-interferon-%C3%AE-1b-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-report
#2
Haruomi Nishio, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Takeshi Matsubara, Yoichiro Okada, Ryosuke Takahashi, Motoko Yanagita
A 41-year-old man with a history of multiple sclerosis (MS) developed thrombotic microangiopathy after taking interferon β-1b for 10 years. Although the relapse of his MS was well controlled under normal blood pressure, he had persistent nausea, anorexia, gait disturbance and visual disorder 1 month before admission. He showed lethargy and high blood pressure (180/102 mmHg). Laboratory test results revealed anemia and thrombocytopenia, elevated LDH and renal dysfunction. Urinary dipstick showed a 2+ result for proteinuria and 3+ for hematuria...
November 2016: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507630/relationship-between-gait-parameters-and-postural-stability-in-early-and-late-parkinson-s-disease-and-visual-feedback-based-balance-training-effects
#3
Mohieldin M Ahmed, Douaa M Mosalem, Aziz K Alfeeli, Ayyoub B Baqer, Doaa Youssry Soliman
BACKGROUND: Gait disorders or postural instability has been done before. However, lack of reviews has addressed the relation between gait and postural stability in Parkinson's disease (PD). AIM: The aim was to evaluate the relation between gait parameters and postural stability in early and late stages of PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The forty-one idiopathic PD patients were divided into two groups into a group (A) considered as early PD and group (B) considered as late ambulant PD...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502191/a-novel-mutation-in-als2-associated-with-severe-and-progressive-infantile-onset-of-spastic-paralysis
#4
Huma Tariq, Shahid Mukhtar, Sadaf Naz
Infantile onset ascending spastic paralysis (IAHSP) is a type of recessively inherited spastic paraplegia. We investigated the clinical and genetic cause of a recessively inherited disorder in two siblings manifesting severe spasticity in the lower limbs which hindered their gait. A novel homozygous nonsense mutation c.1918 C > T (p.Arg640*) was identified after whole-exome sequencing within ALS2 in the DNA of both patients. The obligate carriers were heterozygous for the mutation and other unaffected members were homozygous for the wild type allele...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496986/a-case-of-stiff-dog-syndrome-associated-with-anti-glutamic-acid-decarboxylase-antibodies
#5
Theresa E Pancotto, John H Rossmeisl
BACKGROUND: The stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare and debilitating autoimmune disorder with an unknown pathogenesis and variable clinical presentation that can present a diagnostic challenge. Although entities that clinically mimic stiff-person spectrum disorders (SPSD) have manifested in horses, they have not been reported in dogs. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a 2-year-old beagle dog presented for progressive attacks of muscular rigidity and lordosis with superimposed spasms of the appendicular muscles triggered by tactile stimulation which resulted in marked gait impairment...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490249/novel-single-marker-approach-to-estimation-of-lower-extremity-movement
#6
Fateme Navvab Motlagh, Ahmad Reza Arshi
Sacrum motion is used extensively in studying the biomechanical characteristics of walking. This study aimed at investigating the potential of sacrum motion to provide an estimation of important gait events in conjunction with predicting the motion of lower extremity segments. Three-dimensional trajectories of 37 reflective markers placed on anatomical landmarks of 14 healthy subjects were recorded while walking at self-selected normal walking speed on treadmill. Elevation angles of lower extremity segments in sagittal plane were estimated using the lower extremity markers...
May 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490024/a-novel-ataxic-mutant-mouse-line-having-sensory-neuropathy-shows-heavy-iron-deposition-in-kidney
#7
Hisashi Hashimoto, Tomonori Kawabe, Takahiro Fukuda, Moriaki Kusakabe
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A novel ataxic mouse line was established from the offspring of a male mouse administered cyclophosphamide in a juvenile period. METHODS: We have attempted to examine the phenotype and histopathological changes of affected mice. Furthermore, linkage analysis and sequencing of the mutant was performed to reveal the causative gene locus. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The affected mouse was characterized by heavy hind limb ataxia with gait disorder, which was first recognized at about 4 weeks of age and slowly progressed with advancing age...
May 11, 2017: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489334/diagnosis-of-copan-by-whole-exome-sequencing-waking-up-a-sleeping-tiger-s-eye
#8
Christina Evers, Angelika Seitz, Birgit Assmann, Thomas Opladen, Stephanie Karch, Katrin Hinderhofer, Martin Granzow, Nagarajan Paramasivam, Roland Eils, Nicolle Diessl, Claus R Bartram, Ute Moog
Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) is a group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by iron accumulation in the basal ganglia. Recently, mutations in CoA synthase (COASY) have been identified as a cause of a novel NBIA subtype (COASY Protein-Associated Neurodegeneration, CoPAN) in two patients with dystonic paraparesis, parkinsonian features, cognitive impairment, behavior abnormalities, and axonal neuropathy. COASY encodes an enzyme required for Coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis. Using whole exome sequencing (WES) we identified compound heterozygous COASY mutations in two siblings with intellectual disability, ataxic gait, progressive spasticity, and obsessive-compulsive behavior...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487621/effect-of-drop-foot-on-spatiotemporal-kinematic-and-kinetic-parameters-during-gait
#9
Ida Wiszomirska, Michalina Błażkiewicz, Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk, Grażyna Brzuszkiewicz-Kuźmicka, Andrzej Wit
Background. The complexity of the structure and function of a living body can be affected by disorders and can cause various dysfunctions. Objective. The aim of this study was to determine compensatory mechanisms in subjects with drop foot during gait. Methods. The study evaluated 10 subjects with drop foot (DF) whose results were compared to a group of 10 healthy controls (C). Spatiotemporal, kinematic, and kinetic parameters during the gait cycle were collected using Vicon system synchronized with Kistler platforms...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484820/-vertigo-and-dizziness-in-the-emergency-room
#10
REVIEW
A Zwergal, K Möhwald, M Dieterich
Vertigo and dizziness are among the most common chief complaints in the emergency department. Etiologies can be categorized into three subgroups: neurootological (vestibular), medical (especially cardiovascular, metabolic), and psychiatric disorders. The diagnostic approach in the emergency department is based on a systematic analysis of case history (type, time course of symptoms, modulating factors, associated symptoms), clinical examination of the vestibular, ocular motor, and cerebellar systems (head impulse test, nystagmus, skew deviation, positioning maneuver, test of gait and stance), as well as a basal monitoring (vital signs, 12-lead ECG, blood tests)...
May 8, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481965/polypharmacy-as-a-risk-factor-for-clinically-relevant-sarcopenia-results-from-the-berlin-aging-study-ii
#11
Maximilian König, Dominik Spira, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Kristina Norman
Background: Sarcopenia affects more than 10% of older adults. Next to age-associated physiologic changes, diseases like diabetes or inflammatory, neurological, malignant and endocrine disorders may contribute to the development of sarcopenia. Likewise, polypharmacy, i.e., multiple drug use, is common among older adults. Although the two conditions frequently co-occur, the association of polypharmacy with sarcopenia has not yet been examined. We investigated the association of polypharmacy and sarcopenia in a large cohort of community-dwelling older adults (60-84 years)...
May 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480524/stratifying-parkinson-s-patients-with-stn-dbs-into-high-frequency-or-60-hz-frequency-modulation-using-a-computational-model
#12
Anahita Khojandi, Oleg Shylo, Lucia Mannini, Brian H Kopell, Ritesh A Ramdhani
OBJECTIVE: High frequency stimulation (HFS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a well-established therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD), particularly the cardinal motor symptoms and levodopa induced motor complications. Recent studies have suggested the possible role of 60 Hz stimulation in STN-deep brain stimulation (DBS) for patients with gait disorder. The objective of this study was to develop a computational model, which stratifies patients a priori based on symptomatology into different frequency settings (i...
May 8, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476392/gastrocnemius-recession-leads-to-increased-ankle-motion-and-improved-patient-satisfaction-after-2-years-of-follow-up
#13
Julia Alessandra Holtmann, Norbert P Südkamp, Hagen Schmal, Alexander T Mehlhorn
The isolated gastrocnemius contracture present in neurologic healthy patients results in a significant limitation of ankle dorsiflexion causing pathologic gait patterns and a greater risk of further foot disorders. Gastrocnemius recession is an established procedure to increase ankle dorsiflexion. However, little evidence is available of the use of gastrocnemius recession in these patients. Complication rates, recurrence of gastrocnemius contracture, and the prevalence of additional foot disorders needs further evaluation...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471543/mri-and-biomechanics-multidimensional-data-analysis-reveals-r2-r1%C3%AF-as-an-early-predictor-of-cartilage-lesion-progression-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#14
Valentina Pedoia, Jenny Haefeli, Kazuhito Morioka, Hsiang-Ling Teng, Lorenzo Nardo, Richard B Souza, Adam R Ferguson, Sharmila Majumdar
PURPOSE: To couple quantitative compositional MRI, gait analysis, and machine learning multidimensional data analysis to study osteoarthritis (OA). OA is a multifactorial disorder accompanied by biochemical and morphological changes in the articular cartilage, modulated by skeletal biomechanics and gait. While we can now acquire detailed information about the knee joint structure and function, we are not yet able to leverage the multifactorial factors for diagnosis and disease management of knee OA...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469597/cognitive-dysfunction-is-associated-with-greater-imbalance-and-falls-in-essential-tremor
#15
Elan D Louis, Sarah Kellner, Sarah Morgan, Kathleen Collins, Brittany Rohl, Edward D Huey, Stephanie Cosentino
BACKGROUND: Essential tremor (ET) is not exclusively a tremor disorder; it is also associated with cognitive and gait dysfunction. However, a gap in knowledge is that the relationship between cognitive and gait dysfunction has not been studied in detail in ET. We examined the relationship between cognition and balance and falls in ET and hypothesized that cognitive dysfunction in ET patients would be associated with greater problems with balance and more falls. METHODS: ET cases were recruited into the Clinical-pathological Study of Cognition in ET...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464962/wernicke-encephalopathy-without-delirium-in-patients-with-cancer
#16
Hideki Onishi, Mayumi Ishida, Iori Tanahashi, Takao Takahashi, Yoshitada Taji, Kenji Ikebuchi, Daisuke Furuya, Tatsuo Akechi
OBJECTIVE: Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is a neuropsychiatric disorder caused by thiamine deficiency. Several reports of WE in cancer patients are known. WE is sometimes overlooked because most patients do not exhibit its typical symptoms (e.g., delirium, ataxia, ocular palsy). If delirium is not present, a diagnosis of WE is difficult because delirium is the hallmark symptom of WE. METHOD: Taken from a series on WE in cancer, we report two patients who developed WE without delirium during periodic psycho-oncology outpatient visits...
May 3, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464112/association-between-environmental-predisposing-risk-factors-and-leg-disorders-in-broiler-chickens
#17
E Tullo, I Fontana, A Peña Fernandez, E Vranken, T Norton, D Berckmans, M Guarino
Footpad dermatitis and lameness are a major welfare concern in broiler chicken farming. In general, footpad lesions are linked to poor environmental conditions. Ulcers that arise from advanced lesions can negatively affect the gait of the birds, with effects on the animal welfare, including, in the worst cases, inability to reach the feed or water. In this study, the degree of footpad dermatitis and lameness was manually scored on 4 broiler farms across Europe, as part of an EU-wide welfare assessment program...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458147/analysis-of-gait-symmetry-during-over-ground-walking-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Jeffrey D Eggleston, John R Harry, Robbin A Hickman, Janet S Dufek
Gait symmetry is utilized as an indicator of neurologic function. Healthy gait often exhibits minimal asymmetries, while pathological gait exhibits exaggerated asymmetries. The purpose of this study was to examine symmetry of mechanical gait parameters during over-ground walking in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Kinematic and kinetic data were obtained from 10 children (aged 5-12 years) with ASD. The Model Statistic procedure (α=0.05) was used to compare gait related parameters between limbs...
April 21, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457650/orthostatic-myoclonus-after-brain-tumor-radiation-insights-from-two-lesional-cases
#19
Jeremy K Cutsforth-Gregory, Julie E Hammack, Joseph Y Matsumoto
INTRODUCTION: Orthostatic myoclonus (OM) is a recognized syndrome of gait unsteadiness accompanied by lower limb myoclonus provoked by the assumption of an upright posture. OM typically affects the elderly and is often associated with neurodegenerative disease. We sought to review the clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics of OM due to brain tumor treatment, the first reported lesional cases of this rare disorder. METHODS: The database of the Mayo Clinic Rochester Movement Disorders Laboratory was searched for all patients diagnosed with OM from January 2007 to December 2016...
April 26, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445777/five-year-follow-up-after-laparoscopic-large-nerve-resection-for-deep-infiltrating-sciatic-nerve-endometriosis
#20
Marc Possover
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report neurologic follow-up of patients after laparoscopic large resection of deep infiltrating endometriosis of the sciatic nerve. DESIGN: Prospective clinical case series (Canadian Task Force classification I). SETTING: Tertiary referral unit specializing in advanced gynecologic surgery and neuropelveology. PATIENTS: All data for patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis of the sciatic nerve between 2004 and 2016 (N = 259) were documented prospectively...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
keyword
keyword
52235
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"