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ttnb rds

Harish Rachuri, Tejo Pratap Oleti, Srinivas Murki, Sreeram Subramanian, Jayalatha Nethagani
OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic test performance of Point of care ultrasonography (PoC-USG) for identifying the etiology of respiratory distress (RD) in neonates when combination of radiological and clinical criteria is considered as the gold standard. METHODS: A neonate was included in the study if he/she had RD and underwent x-ray chest and ultrasound within 4 h of admission and the age was less than 24 h. The neonates admitted with non-respiratory illness were chosen as controls...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Nirmal Kavalloor Visruthan, Pratibha Agarwal, Bhavani Sriram, Victor Samuel Rajadurai
INTRODUCTION: Late preterm (LP) neonates (34 to 36 weeks gestation) are often managed like term neonates though current literature has identified them to have greater complications. The primary objective of our study was to evaluate and compare morbidity and resource utilisation in LPs especially in view of paucity of Asian studies in this regard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective audit was carried out on 12,459 neonates born in KK Women's and Children's Hospital (KKWCH)...
July 2015: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Lucky Jain, Douglas C Eaton
Respiratory morbidity in near term (> or =34 and <37 weeks) infants delivered spontaneously or by elective cesarean section (ECS) has been well documented in the literature, and accounts for a significant number of admissions to intensive care units among these neonates. Given the high rates of near-term deliveries in the USA and worldwide, the public health and economic impact of morbidity in this subgroup is considerable. Causes of respiratory distress include transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTNB), surfactant deficiency, pneumonia, and pulmonary hypertension...
February 2006: Seminars in Perinatology
N B Mathur, K Garg, S Kumar
OBJECTIVE: (i) To find causes of respiratory distress in neonates brought to a referral neonatal unit with symptoms suggestive of respiratory disorder; (ii) to evaluate clinical signs for diagnosis of neonatal pneumonia; (iii) To determine bacterial etiology of neonatal pneumonia; and (iv) To determine indicators of fatality in neonatal pneumonia. DESIGN: Prospective descriptive. SETTING: Referral neonatal unit of a teaching hospital. SUBJECTS: 150 neonates admitted with respiratory symptoms consecutively...
June 2002: Indian Pediatrics
C Y Kuo, Y H Chou, R Lien, P H Yang
BACKGROUND: Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a novel and potent endothelium-derived vasoconstriction peptide present in human plasma. In this study, plasma ET-1 concentrations were determined and their physiological significance was evaluated in Taiwanese neonates with respiratory distress. METHODS: Sixty newborn infants consisting of 22 with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), 13 with transient tachypnea of newborn (TTNB), 4 with meconium aspiration syndrome, 10 healthy preterm and 11 healthy full-term infants were included for plasma ET-1 determination...
April 2001: Chang Gung Medical Journal
G Sher, B E Statland, D E Freer, E N Kraybill
An assay has been developed and evaluated that quantifies the surface tension lowering ability of amniotic fluid surfactant. The formation of stable foam following vigorous shaking of amniotic fluid was evaluated by the addition of various amounts of dipalmitoyl lecithin in a solution of ethanol and saline and by fine adjustments of the ethanol volume fraction in the final assay mixture. The foam stability index (FSI) for a particular sample of amniotic fluid was defined as the highest ethanol volume fraction that would permit the formation of stable foam after vigorously shaking a mixture of ethanol and amniotic fluid...
December 1978: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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