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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334204/detection-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-pap-smear-samples-from-south-khorasan-province-of-iran
#1
Davod Javanmard, Mahmoodreza Behravan, Malaknaz Ghannadkafi, Alireza Salehabadi, Masood Ziaee, Mohammad Hasan Namaei
Background: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI), leads to pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility and chronic pelvic pain in women as well as an increased risk of vertical transmission, conjunctivitis and pneumonitis in infants. It may also be a co-factor along with human papillomavirus (HPV) in cervical cancer progression. We aimed to determine the prevalence of CT genotypes in genital specimens of women from South Khorasan, Iran and to test the association between CT and cytology statistics...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333787/detection-of-ureaplasma-species-by-a-semi-quantitative-pcr-test-in-urine-samples-can-it-predict-clinical-significance
#2
Merav Strauss, Raul Colodner, Dana Sagas, Azmi Adawi, Hanna Edelstein, Bibiana Chazan
BACKGROUND: Ureaplasma species (Usp) are the most prevalent genital Mycoplasma isolated from the urogenital tract of both men and women. Usp may be commensals in the genital tract but may also be contributors to a number of pathological conditions of the genital tract. Because they can also just colonize the genital tract of healthy people, their pathogenic role can be difficult to prove. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method for the discrimination between infection and colonization by measuring prevalence of Usp in asymptomatic versus symptomatic patients...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330056/growth-scaling-for-the-early-dynamics-of-hiv-aids-epidemics-in-brazil-and-the-influence-of-socio-demographic-factors
#3
L Dinh, G Chowell, R Rothenberg
The early dynamics of an infectious disease outbreak can be affected by various factors including the transmission mode of the disease and host-specific factors. While recent works have highlighted the presence of sub-exponential growth patterns during the early phase of epidemics, empirical studies examining the contribution of different factors to early epidemic growth dynamics are lacking. Here we aim to characterize and explain the early incidence growth patterns of local HIV/AIDS epidemics in Brazil as a function of socio-demographic factors...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328511/stigma-and-unmet-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-among-international-migrant-sex-workers-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#4
Teresita Rocha-Jiménez, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Carmen Fernández-Casanueva, Kimberly Brouwer, Shira M Goldenberg
OBJECTIVE: To explore international migrant sex workers' experiences and narratives pertaining to the unmet need for and access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) at the Mexico-Guatemala border. METHODS: An inductive qualitative analysis was conducted based on ethnographic fieldwork (2012-2015) including participant observation and audio-recorded in-depth interviews. The participants were female sex workers aged 18 years or older and international migrants working at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327306/strengthening-the-case-for-gender-neutral-and-the-nonavalent-hpv-vaccine
#5
REVIEW
Justin M Hintze, James P O'Neill
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to highlight the benefits of gender-neutral and the nonavalent human papillomavirus vaccination. Human papillomavirus infection is the most commonly sexually transmitted disease and is known to cause several types of cancers, including cervical, vulvar, vaginal, penile, oropharyngeal, anal, and rectal. 5% of cancers every year are attributable to human papillomavirus infection, with cervical cancer the most common and oropharyngeal cancer estimated to surpass the incidence of cervical cancer by 2020...
January 11, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323688/preventing-hiv-infection-what-pediatricians-should-know-about-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis
#6
Sabrina Fernandez
I recently diagnosed my first adolescent patient with new-onset HIV. As a primary care pediatrician, these cases are rare. I cried with the shock of the initial diagnosis, just as the patient did when I told him. One of my first thoughts was how could I have served him better. He had been inconsistent with condom use, and had several partners. I had encouraged safe sex practices, told him to talk to his partners about pregnancy prevention, and screened for sexually transmitted disease nearly every time he came into my office...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322764/rapid-veterinary-diagnosis-of-bovine-reproductive-infectious-diseases-from-semen-using-paper-origami-dna-microfluidics
#7
Zhugen Yang, Gaolian Xu, Julien Reboud, Syed Atif Ali, Gurpreet Kaur, John McGiven, Nongthombam Boby, Praveen Gupta, Pallab Chaudhuri, Jonathan Mark Cooper
The health and well-being of cattle is a significant concern for global agricultural output. In dairy production within low and middle income countries (LMICs), there is a significant biosensing challenge in detecting sexually transmitted infection (STI) pathogens during animal husbandry, due in part to difficulties associated with the limited infrastructure for veterinary medicine. Here we demonstrate low-cost, multiplexed and sample-to-answer paper-origami tests for the detection of three bovine infectious reproductive diseases in semen samples, collected at a test site in rural India...
January 11, 2018: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318503/university-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-sources-of-information-about-zika-virus
#8
Ashley N Plaster, Julia E Painter, Dylan H Tjersland, Kathryn H Jacobsen
Colleges and universities are valuable partners for community health education outreach targeted to young adults. After the outbreak of Zika virus infection in the Americas was declared to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on February 1, 2016, postsecondary institutions played an important role in educating at-risk communities about health promotion and disease prevention strategies. In April 2016, we recruited 613 undergraduate students from a large public university to complete a survey about their Zika-related knowledge, attitudes, and information seeking behaviors...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317582/health-and-life-satisfaction-for-chinese-gay-men-%C3%A2-in-guangzhou-china
#9
Yong Yu, Shuiyuan Xiao
To understand Chinese gay men's health and life satisfaction in Guanzhou, and to analyze the main factors for life satisfaction.
 Methods: Male gay participants were recruited through respondent-driven sampling and face-to-face investigations with self-administered questionnaires, including a general demographic questionnaire, a suicide questionnaire, the Depression-Anxiety Stress Scale, the Self-Stigma Scale, the Perceived Social Support Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale...
December 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315236/understanding-the-role-of-intrinsic-disorder-of-viral-proteins-in-the-oncogenicity-of-different-types-of-hpv
#10
Elvira Regina Tamarozzi, Silvana Giuliatti
Intrinsic disorder is very important in the biological function of several proteins, and is directly linked to their foldability during interaction with their targets. There is a close relationship between the intrinsically disordered proteins and the process of carcinogenesis involving viral pathogens. Among these pathogens, we have highlighted the human papillomavirus (HPV) in this study. HPV is currently among the most common sexually transmitted infections, besides being the cause of several types of cancer...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313867/hpv-chlamydia-trachomatis-co-infection-metagenomic-analysis-of-cervical-microbiota-in-asymptomatic-women
#11
Marisa Di Pietro, Simone Filardo, Maria Grazia Porpora, Nadia Recine, Maria Agnese Latino, Rosa Sessa
HPV and Chlamydia trachomatis are the most common causes of sexually transmitted diseases worldwide. Most infections are asymptomatic and left untreated lead to severe reproductive tract sequelae such as cervical cancer and infertility. Interestingly, C. trachomatis may also increase the susceptibility to HPV infection as well as contribute to viral persistence. Recently, a growing body of evidence has suggested that the composition of the cervico-vaginal microbiota plays a key role in the susceptibility and outcome of genital infections caused by several pathogens, including HPV and C...
January 9, 2018: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311536/historical-origins-of-the-tuskegee-experiment-the-dilemma-of-public-health-in-the-united-states
#12
Jinbin Park
The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male was an observational study on African-American males in Tuskegee, Alabama between 1932 and 1972. The U. S. Public Health Service ran this study on more than 300 people without notifying the participants about their disease nor treating them even after the introduction of penicillin. The study included recording the progress of disease and performing an autopsy on the deaths. This paper explores historical backgrounds enabled this infamous study, and discusses three driving forces behind the Tuskegee Study...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303039/an-intervention-for-reducing-the-sexual-risk-of-men-released-from-jails
#13
Samantha P Williams, Ranell L Myles, Charles C Sperling, Delicia Carey
Incarceration history can affect sexual health behaviors. A randomized controlled trial of a prevention intervention tailored for post-incarcerated men was administered in a reentry setting. Men ≤45 days post release were recruited into a five-session intervention study. Participants ( N = 255) were assessed and tested for three sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV at baseline and 3 months post-intervention and followed up for 3 more months. The intervention group's STD risks knowledge ( p < .001), partner communication about condoms ( p < ...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302531/need-for-revisiting-the-role-of-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinics-in-government-hospitals-in-india
#14
Madhulekha Bhattacharya, Hema Gogia
Introduction: The Government of India provides treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) through government's sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics with the mandate of providing curative and preventive services for clients in the context of STIs. However, besides the patients suffering from STDs, other clients with problems related to reproductive and sexual health also attend these clinics. This study aimed to assess the profile and treatment-seeking behavior of clients attending STD clinics in government hospitals in India...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295593/structural-and-immunological-characterization-of-novel-recombinant-momp-based-chlamydial-antigens
#15
Guillermo Madico, Olga Gursky, Jeff Fairman, Paola Massari
Chlamydia is the most common cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infections worldwide. While infections resolve with antibiotic treatment, this is often neglected in women due to frequent asymptomatic infections, leading to disease progression and severe sequelae (pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, infertility). Development of a vaccine against Chlamydia is crucial. Whole organism-based vaccines have short-lived activity, serovar/subgroup-specific immunity and can cause adverse reactions in vaccinated subjects...
December 25, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294582/-results-of-sentinel-surveillance-on-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-jilin-province-between-2010-and-2015
#16
W Guo, X J Meng, D M Li, Y Cai, J X Fan, B Huang
Objective: To explore the HIV epidemic and related factors among MSM in Jilin province. Methods: During the implementation of sentinel surveillance program from 2010 to 2015, continuous cross-sectional studies were conducted to monitor the awareness of AIDS, sexual behavior, HIV and syphilis positive rates, with the sample size no less than 400 in each surveillance site. Results: From 2010 to 2015, a total of 7 823 MSM were involved in this study. The overall HIV prevalence among MSM was 5.4% (42/7 823), with an increasing trend during 2010 and 2015 (Trend test χ(2)=110...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294581/-incidence-rates-of-hiv-1-epidemics-among-4-high-risk-groups-in-sichuan-province-during-2011-2015
#17
H Yang, L Su, L Ye, L Xiao, Y Hu, M G Shen, D B Wei, D Yuan, G S Zhou, H L Liu, J Yu, S Liang
Objective: Data from the HIV/AIDS surveillance sentinel sites was used to identify the recent HIV-1 infections and to estimate the HIV-1 incidence and epidemic trends among intravenous drug users (IDU), MSM, female sex workers and men attending the sexually transmitted disease clinics in Sichuan province. Methods: Specimens collected from IDUs, MSM, female sex workers and men attending the sexually transmitted disease clinics sentinel sites were confirmed as HIV-1 positive and tested with BED-CEIA. Annual HIV-1 prevalence and incidence rates were calculated and the incidence was adjusted by McNermar method...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294577/-hiv-std-prevalence-and-related-behaviors-among-male-std-clinic-attendees-in-xi-an-and-xianyang-cities-shaanxi-province
#18
T Hu, L F Dong, Z W Ding, H Jia, X Li, J S Zhang, Y L Song, W H Chang
Objective: To compare the prevalence of HIV/STD and related health care seeking behaviors among male STD clinic attendees between Xi'an and Xianyang cities. Methods: During June and July 2016, 206 male STD clinic attendees were studied in Xi'an city, with another 221 male STD clinic attendees in Xianyang city. Cross-sectional questionnaire survey was used to collect attendees'behavioral information. Blood samples were collected via HIV/HCV/Syphilis testing. Results: The prevalence rate of HIV infection was 2...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289562/vaginal-and-anal-human-papillomavirus-infection-and-seropositivity-among-female-sex-workers-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands-prevalence-concordance-and-risk-factors
#19
E Marra, N Kroone, E Freriks, C L van Dam, C J Alberts, A A Hogewoning, S Bruisten, A van Dijk, M M Kroone, T Waterboer, M F Schim van der Loeff
BACKGROUND: We studied prevalence, risk factors and concordance of vaginal and anal HPV infection and L1 seropositivity among female sex workers (FSW) in Amsterdam. METHODS: In 2016, FSW aged ≥18 years having a sexually transmitted infections (STI) consultation were invited to participate. Participation entailed taking vaginal and anal self-swabs. Demographics and sexual behaviour data were collected. HPV DNA was analysed using the SPF10-PCR-DEIA-LiPA25-system-v1...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286023/preventing-syphilis-in-the-16th-century-the-distinguished-italian-anatomist-gabriele-falloppio-1523-1562-and-the-invention-of-the-condom
#20
Athanasios Tsaraklis, Marianna Karamanou, George Androutsos, Panagiotis Skandalakis, Dionysios Venieratos
By the end of the 15th century, syphilis had reached epidemic proportions in Europe. Unable to ascertain its causes, physicians resorted to superstition. At the beginning of the 16th century, the sexual transmission of the disease was established. Initially, the principal measure of infection control was sexual abstinence and mutual fidelity. However, during the same period the Italian anatomist Gabriele Falloppio (1523-1562) proposed a method of preventing syphilis transmission: the medication-soaked linen sheath...
December 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
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