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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925073/role-of-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-clinical-stratification-in-heart-failure-a-position-paper-from-the-committee-on-exercise-physiology-and-training-of-the-heart-failure-association-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology
#1
REVIEW
Ugo Corrà, Pier Giuseppe Agostoni, Stefan D Anker, Andrew J S Coats, Maria G Crespo Leiro, Rudolph A de Boer, Veli-Pekka Hairola, Loreena Hill, Mitja Lainscak, Lars H Lund, Marco Metra, Piotr Ponikowski, Jillian Riley, Petar M Seferović, Massimo F Piepoli
Traditionally, the main indication for cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in heart failure (HF) was for the selection of candidates to heart transplantation: CPET was mainly performed in middle-aged male patients with HF and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Today, CPET is used in broader patients' populations, including women, elderly, patients with co-morbidities, those with preserved ejection fraction, or left ventricular assistance device recipients, i.e. individuals with different responses to incremental exercise and markedly different prognosis...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921839/hepatoblastoma-in-children-aged-less-than-six-months-at-diagnosis-a-report-from-the-siopel-group
#2
Patrizia Dall'Igna, Laurence Brugieres, Anne Sanlaville Christin, Rudolf Maibach, Michela Casanova, Rita Alaggio, Jean de Ville de Goyet, Jozsef Zsiros, Bruce Morland, Piotr Czauderna, Margaret Childs, Daniel C Aronson, Sophie Branchereau, Penelope Brock, Giorgio Perilongo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics, treatment, and survival of children, who were diagnosed with hepatoblastoma (HB) in their first 6 months of age, enrolled in the SIOPEL 2 and 3 protocols. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients, treated between 1994 and 2006, were analyzed after stratification into three age groups: <1 month, between 1 and 3 months, and between 3 and 6 months. All received preoperative chemotherapy. RESULTS: Clinical characteristics were similar in both trials: 4 patients had pulmonary metastases at diagnosis, 4 had α-fetoprotein <100 ng/ml, 68 were operated by partial hepatectomy, and 7 received liver transplant...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919594/fifteen-year-analysis-of-deceased-kidney-donation-a-single-transplant-center-experience-in-a-region-of-northern-italy
#3
Vania Cuna, Giorgia Comai, Maria Cappuccilli, Olga Baraldi, Irene Capelli, Matteo De Liberali, Lorenzo Gasperoni, Diletta Conte, Matteo Ravaioli, Antonio D Pinna, Gaetano La Manna
BACKGROUND The rising number of patients on waiting lists for kidney transplant and the shortage of available organs has intensified efforts to increase the number of potential donors. MATERIAL AND METHODS This study investigated changes in clinical parameters among potential deceased donors in the 15-year period between 1999 and 2013 and their impact on transplantation procedure and outcomes. A total of 1634 potential deceased donors were examined and divided into 2 groups: 707 of them identified from 1999 to 2005 (Group A), and 927 from 2006 to 2013 (Group B)...
September 18, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914641/elderly-recipients-of-liver-transplantation-impact-of-age-and-psychosocial-variables-on-outcome
#4
Shehzad Niazi, Terry Schneekloth, C Burcin Taner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With expanding experience and success of liver transplantation, increasing numbers of elderly candidates await and undergo liver transplantation. There is accumulating evidence that graft survival and mortality does not appear to differ significantly between the young and carefully selected elderly liver transplantation recipients. Although existing evidence suggests that psychosocial factors impact outcomes after liver transplantation in general, no such information is available specifically for elderly (age ≥65 years) liver transplantation recipients...
September 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913939/elderly-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-allows-worthwhile-outcomes-the-japan-academic-consortium-of-kidney-transplantation-study
#5
Masayoshi Okumi, Kohei Unagami, Yoichi Kakuta, Atsuhiko Ochi, Toshio Takagi, Hideki Ishida, Kazunari Tanabe
OBJECTIVE: To compare transplant outcomes among elderly (aged ≥60 years) and non-elderly recipients, and to evaluate the acceptability of elderly living donor kidney transplantation in practice after consideration of living donor type. METHODS: We included 830 adult patients with living donor kidney transplantation between 2000 and 2011 in this retrospective cohort study. We compared death-censored graft survival, patient survival, biopsy-proven rejection, complications, and renal function in elderly (n = 119) and non-elderly recipients (n = 278)...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912729/multiplicity-of-mathematical-modeling-strategies-to-search-for-molecular-and-cellular-insights-into-bacteria-lung-infection
#6
REVIEW
Martina Cantone, Guido Santos, Pia Wentker, Xin Lai, Julio Vera
Even today two bacterial lung infections, namely pneumonia and tuberculosis, are among the 10 most frequent causes of death worldwide. These infections still lack effective treatments in many developing countries and in immunocompromised populations like infants, elderly people and transplanted patients. The interaction between bacteria and the host is a complex system of interlinked intercellular and the intracellular processes, enriched in regulatory structures like positive and negative feedback loops. Severe pathological condition can emerge when the immune system of the host fails to neutralize the infection...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901454/%C3%AE-%C3%A2-thalassemia-caused-by-compound-heterozygous-mutations-and-cured-by-bone-marrow-transplantation-a-case-report
#7
Liusong Wu, Zhiyu Peng, Sen Lu, Mei Tan, Ying Rong, Runmei Tian, Yuhang Yang, Yan Chen, Jindong Chen
In the present study, a rare familial case of severe thalassemia with compound spontaneous mutations is reported. A 2.5‑year‑old boy, who suffered from severe anemia with yellowish skin, enlarged liver and spleen, was provided with a blood transfusion every 20 days to maintain hemoglobin levels between 90 and 100 g/l. Sanger sequencing combined with reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR) and Gap‑PCR revealed that the proband was a carrier of 4 compound heterozygous mutations: Hemoglobin subunit β (HBB):IVS‑II‑654(C>T)β+; Southeast Asian‑type‑hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (SEA‑HPFH); HBB:c316‑148G>T; hemoglobin subunit α2 (HBA2):c...
September 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890406/comparison-of-conditioning-with-fludarabine-busulfan-and-fludarabine-melphalan-in-allogeneic-transplant-recipients-50-years-or-older
#8
Koji Kawamura, Shinichi Kako, Shuichi Mizuta, Ken Ishiyama, Jun Aoki, Shingo Yano, Takahiro Fukuda, Naoyuki Uchida, Yukiyasu Ozawa, Tetsuya Eto, Koji Iwato, Heiwa Kanamori, Kaoru Kahata, Tadakazu Kondo, Masashi Sawa, Tatsuo Ichinohe, Yoshiko Atsuta, Yoshinobu Kanda
The optimal conditioning regimen for elderly patients in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) remains unclear. We retrospectively analyzed 1607 patients aged 50 years or older with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who underwent allo-HCT using fludarabine/busulfan (FB) or fludarabine/melphalan (FM) between 2007 and 2014. We compared the clinical outcomes among FB2 (busulfan at 6.4 mg/kg iv, n=463), FB4 (busulfan at 12...
September 7, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885498/patient-and-kidney-allograft-survival-in-recipients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-from-amyloidosis
#9
Deirdre Sawinski, Mary Ann Lim, Jordana C Cohen, Jayme E Locke, Brendan Weiss, Jonathan J Hogan, Laura M Dember
BACKGROUND: Outcomes following kidney transplantation for patients with amyloidosis-associated end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have not been well characterized. METHODS: We performed a retrospective propensity score matched cohort study with Cox proportional hazards modeling using data from the United Network of Organ Sharing including patients transplanted from 1987 to 2015 (N=310 629). RESULTS: Amyloidosis patients (N=576) had higher rates of death (HR 1...
September 6, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871936/xanthoma-like-skin-changes-in-an-elderly-woman-with-a-normal-lipid-profile
#10
Piotr Nockowski, Zdzisław Woźniak, Adam Reich, Joanna Maj
Dear Editor, An 83-year-old woman developed yellow-brownish infiltrates, nodules, and tumors mimicking xanthomas, mostly involving the periorbital and chest area within three months (Figure 1). She had no abnormalities in serum cholesterol or triglycerides levels. A detailed laboratory analysis revealed the presence of mild monoclonal gammopathy with a presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) kappa light chains; however, according to hematologist consultation, it did not require medical intervention. Imaging assessment and ultrasound examination did not show any specific involvement of internal organs...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871572/early-complications-after-living-donor-nephrectomy-analysis-of-the-swiss-organ-living-donor-health-registry
#11
Felix Burkhalter, Uyen Huynh-Do, Karine Hadaya, Maurice Matter, Thomas Müller, Isabelle Binet, Christa Nolte, Juerg Steiger
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the prospectively collected data about the incidence of early peri- and postoperative complications, and potential risk factors for adverse outcomes after living kidney donation in Switzerland. METHODS: Peri- and postoperative events were prospectively recorded on a questionnaire by the local transplant teams of all Swiss transplant centres and evaluated by the Swiss Organ Living Donor Health Registry. Complications were classified according to the Clavien grading system...
September 5, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859624/living-kidney-transplantation-between-brothers-with-unrecognized-renal-amyloidosis-as-the-first-manifestation-of-familial-mediterranean-fever-a-case-report
#12
Ramón Peces, Sara Afonso, Carlos Peces, Julián Nevado, Rafael Selgas
BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean fever is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by recurrent episodes of fever and polyserositis and by the onset of reactive amyloid-associated amyloidosis. Amyloidosis due to familial Mediterranean fever can lead to end-stage renal disease, culminating in kidney transplantation for some patients. In this study, we report the clinical outcome of two brothers with familial Mediterranean fever who were the inadvertent donor and recipient, respectively, of a kidney...
August 31, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856005/blastic-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-neoplasm-in-children-a-review-of-two-cases
#13
Wenjun Deng, Minghua Yang, Feimei Kuang, Yingting Liu, Hui Zhang, Lizhi Cao, Min Xie, Liangchun Yang
Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a newly characterized, rare malignant tumor of the skin and hematopoietic system. BPDCN occurs mainly in the elderly, whereas it is rarer among children, and has variable clinical manifestations. Optimal chemotherapeutic regimens for the treatment of BPDCN have not yet been determined and this tumor has a poor prognosis. In this study, two pediatric cases of BPDCN, including a 7-year-old female and a 9-year-old male patient, diagnosed at the Xiangya Hospital of Central South University over the past 2 years, were retrospectively reviewed...
October 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845472/a-clinical-prediction-score-to-guide-referral-of-elderly-dialysis-patients-for-kidney-transplant-evaluation
#14
Ling-Xin Chen, Michelle A Josephson, Donald Hedeker, Kellie Hunter Campbell, Nicole Stankus, Milda R Saunders
INTRODUCTION: Dialysis patients aged ≥70 years derive improved life expectancy through kidney transplantation compared to their waitlisted counterparts, but guidelines are not clear about how to identify appropriate transplantation candidates. We developed a clinical prediction score to identify elderly dialysis patients with expected 5-year survival appropriate for kidney transplantation (>5 years). METHODS: Incident dialysis patients in 2006-2009 aged ≥70 were identified from the United States Renal Data System database and divided into derivation and validation cohorts...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844232/a-multicomponent-fall-prevention-strategy-reduces-falls-at-an-academic-medical-center
#15
Dan France, Jenny Slayton, Sonya Moore, Henry Domenico, Julia Matthews, Robin L Steaban, Neesha Choma
BACKGROUND: While the reduction in fall rates has not kept pace with the reduction of other hospital-acquired conditions, patient safety research and quality improvement (QI) initiatives at the system and hospital levels have achieved positive results and provide insights into potentially effective risk reduction strategies. An academic medical center developed a QI-based multicomponent strategy for fall prevention and pilot tested it for six months in three high-risk units-the Neuroscience Acute Care Unit, the Myelosuppression/Stem Cell Transplant Unit, and the Acute Care for the Elderly Unit-before implementing and evaluating the strategy hospitalwide...
September 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838432/autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-transplant-recipients-after-kidney-transplantation-a-single-center-experience
#16
L Illesy, D Á Kovács, R P Szabó, A B L Asztalos, B Nemes
Kidney transplantation is indicated for end-stage renal disease. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) causes structural degeneration of the kidney and eventually becomes end-stage renal disease. ADPKD patients usually have several renal and nonrenal complications. We analyzed our kidney transplantation activities between 1991 and 2010 regarding ADPKD. We followed up with patients to December 31, 2016. Data were collected as patient and graft survival rates, the prevalence of polycystic manifestation of the gastrointestinal tract and other organs, and the attendance of urinary tract infection...
September 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836934/sirolimus-associated-with-tacrolimus-at-low-doses-in-elderly-kidney-transplant-patients-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Cristiane Akemi Kojima, Hong Si Nga, Henrique Mochida Takase, Ariane Moyses Bravin, Márcia de Fátima Faraldo Martinez Garcia, Paula Dalsoglio Garcia, Mariana Moraes Contti, Luis Gustavo Modelli de Andrade
OBJECTIVES: There is no consensus on the best immunosuppressive regimen for elderly renal transplant recipients. The objective of this study was to assess cytomegalovirus infection incidence and kidney transplant outcomes in elderly recipients treated with mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors sirolimus/ tacrolimus at low doses compared with those receiving tacrolimus/mycophenolate sodium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this single-center prospective randomized study (Trial Registration No...
August 28, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835071/-effects-of-axial-vascular-network-flap-of-scalp-or-anterolateral-thigh-perforator-flap-with-fascia-lata-on-repairing-defects-after-radical-resection-of-scalp-carcinoma-in-patients
#18
W F Zhang, X F Zhang, Q F Gao, X T Niu, Y J Ma, B E Wu, B Ma, F Liang, A W Wang
Objective: To observe the effects of axial vascular network flap of scalp or anterolateral thigh perforator flap with fascia lata on repairing defects after radical resection of scalp carcinoma in patients. Methods: From February 2006 to December 2015, twenty-one patients with scalp carcinoma were admitted to our hospital, and the carcinoma invaded external lamina or full-thickness of skull and dura mater. After perfect preoperative examination, carcinoma and scalp tissue in 3 to 5 cm from the edge of carcinoma, external lamina or full-thickness of skull and invaded dura mater were resected and sentinel lymph nodes around carcinoma were cleaned in 3 to 4 days after admission...
August 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811872/current-and-emerging-treatment-options-for-mantle-cell-lymphoma
#19
REVIEW
Bita Fakhri, Brad Kahl
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma with typically aggressive behavior. The genetic signature is the chromosomal translocation t(11;14)(q13;q32) resulting in overexpression of cyclin D1. Asymptomatic newly diagnosed MCL patients with low tumor burden can be closely observed, deferring therapy to the time of disease progression. Although MCL classically responds to upfront chemotherapy, it remains incurable with standard approaches. For patients in need of frontline therapy, the initial decision is whether to proceed with an intensive treatment strategy or a non-intensive treatment strategy...
August 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807459/rapidly-progressive-atherosclerosis-after-domino-liver-transplantation-from-a-teenage-donor-with-homozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#20
Jessica R Golbus, Linda Farhat, Robert J Fontana, Melvyn Rubenfire
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by impaired clearance of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Given limitations in pharmacologic therapy and the significant morbidity and mortality associated with this disease, liver transplantation may be offered to select homozygous FH patients in childhood in an effort to slow progression of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. In rare cases, domino liver transplantation can be performed, transplanting the livers of patients with various metabolic disorders into elderly recipients whose projected survival precludes prolonged waiting on the transplant list...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
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